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Dependents & Exemptions
Question: Are child support payments deductible by the payer or can the payer claim a dependency exemption for the child?
No, child support payments are neither deductible by the payer nor taxable income to the payee.
The payer of child support may be able to claim the child as a dependent:
- Generally, the child is the qualifying child of the custodial parent, and the custodial parent is allowed to claim a dependency exemption for the child if that parent meets the other dependency tests. The parent with whom the child lived for the greater part of the year is the custodial parent for income tax purposes.
- The noncustodial parent may claim an exemption for the child if the custodial parent signs a Form 8332 (.pdf), Release/Revocation of Release of Claim to Exemption for Child by Custodial Parent, or a substantially similar statement and the noncustodial parent attaches it to his or her return.
- Publication 501, Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information
- Publication 504, Divorced or Separated Individuals
- Who Can I Claim as a Dependent?
Category: Filing Requirements, Status, Dependents, Exemptions
Subcategory: Dependents & Exemptions