U.S. Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad - Where and When to File and Pay
Where to File
If any of the following situations apply to you, file your return with the:
Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service Center
Austin, TX 73301-0215
- You claim the foreign earned income exclusion,
- You claim the foreign housing exclusion or deduction, or
- Your tax home is in a foreign country or countries throughout your period of bona fide residence or physical presence, whichever applies.
The concept of a "tax home" is discussed in Revenue Ruling 93-86, 1993-2 C.B. 71, 1993-40 I.R.B. 4.
If you are a resident of a US possession, see Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U.S. Possessions, or Individuals Living in U.S. Possessions.
If none of the above situations applies to you, then you should file your U.S. federal individual income tax return at the appropriate address listed in the instructions for Form 1040.
When to File and Pay
If you file on the calendar year basis, the due date for filing your return is generally April 15 of the following year. If the due date falls on a weekend, the due date for your return will be the following regular workday.
If you file on a fiscal year basis (a year ending on the last day of any month except December), the due date is 3 months and 15 days after the close of your fiscal year.
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien residing overseas, or are in the military on duty outside the U.S., on the regular due date of your return, you are allowed an automatic 2-month extension to file your return and pay any amount due without requesting an extension. For a calendar year return, the automatic 2-month extension is to June 15.
If you are unable to file your return by the automatic 2-month extension date, you can request an additional extension to October 15 by filing Form 4868 before the automatic 2-month extension date. However, any tax due payments made after June 15 will be subject to both interest charges and failure to pay penalties.
In general, the tax shown on your return should be paid by the due date of the return, without regard to any extension of time for filing the return.
CAUTION! A tax return delivered by the US mail or a designated delivery service that is postmarked or dated by the delivery service on or before the due date is considered to have been filed on or before that date. You can use certain private delivery services designated by the IRS to meet the "timely mailing as timely filing/paying" rule for tax returns and payments. See your Form 1040 (PDF) or Form 1040A (PDF) instructions for a list of designated delivery services.
Revenue Ruling 2002-23, 2002-18 IRB 811 provides that federal tax returns mailed by taxpayers in foreign countries will be accepted as timely filed if they bear an official postmark dated on or before midnight of the last date prescribed for filing, including any extension of time for such filing.
Note: This page contains one or more references to the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), Treasury Regulations, court cases, or other official tax guidance. References to these legal authorities are included for the convenience of those who would like to read the technical reference material. To access the applicable IRC sections, Treasury Regulations, or other official tax guidance, visit the Tax Code, Regulations, and Official Guidance page. To access any Tax Court case opinions issued after September 24, 1995, visit the Opinions Search page of the United States Tax Court.