Specific Instructions

Line 2a

Elected Farm Income

To figure your elected farm income, first figure your taxable income from farming or fishing. This includes all income, gains, losses, and deductions attributable to your farming or fishing business. If you conduct both farming and fishing businesses, you must figure your elected farm income by combining income, gains, losses, and deductions attributable to your farming and fishing businesses.

Elected farm income also includes any gain or loss from the sale or other disposition of property regularly used in your farming or fishing business for a substantial period of time. However, if such gain or loss is realized after cessation of the farming or fishing business, the gain or loss is treated as attributable to a farming or fishing business only if the property is sold within a reasonable time after cessation of the farming or fishing business. A sale or other disposition within 1 year of the cessation is considered to be within a reasonable time.

Elected farm income does not include income, gain, or loss from the sale or other disposition of land or from the sale of development rights, grazing rights, and other similar rights.

You should find your income, gains, losses, and deductions from farming or fishing reported on different tax forms, such as:

  • 2012 Form 1040, line 7, or Form 1040NR, line 8, income from wages and other compensation you received (a) as a shareholder in an S corporation engaged in a farming or fishing business or (b) as a crew member on a vessel engaged in a fishing business (but see Fishing business, earlier);

  • 2012 Form 1040, line 21, or Form 1040NR, line 21, income from Exxon Valdez litigation;

  • 2012 Form 1040, line 27, or Form 1040NR, line 27, deductible part of self-employment tax, but only to the extent that deduction is attributable to your farming or fishing business;

  • 2012 Form 1040, line 43, or Form 1040NR, line 41, CCF reduction, except to the extent that any earnings (without regard to the carryback of any net operating or net capital loss) from the operation of agreement vessels in the fisheries of the United States or in the foreign or domestic commerce of the United States are not attributable to your fishing business;

  • Schedule C or C-EZ;

  • Schedule D;

  • Schedule E, Part II;

  • Schedule F;

  • Form 4797;

  • Form 4835;

  • Form 8903, domestic production activities deduction, but only to the extent that deduction is attributable to your farming or fishing business; and

  • Form 8949.

Your elected farm income is the amount of your taxable income from farming or fishing that you elect to include on line 2a.

You do not have to include all of your taxable income from farming or fishing on line 2a. It may be to your advantage to include less than the entire amount, depending on how the amount you include on line 2a affects your tax bracket for the current and prior 3 tax years.

If you received certain subsidies in 2012, your elected farm income cannot include excess farm losses. See the Instructions for Schedule F (Form 1040).

Your elected farm income cannot exceed your taxable income.

Lines 2b and 2c

Complete lines 2b and 2c if the amount of your elected farm income on line 2a includes net capital gain. Net capital gain is the excess, if any, of net long-term capital gain over net short-term capital loss.

Line 2b.   Enter on line 2b the portion of your elected farm income on line 2a treated as a net capital gain. The amount you enter on line 2b cannot exceed the smaller of your total net capital gain or the net capital gain attributable to your farming or fishing business.

Line 2c.   Enter on line 2c the smaller of line 2b or the unrecaptured section 1250 gain attributable to your farming or fishing business, if any.

Line 4

Figure the tax on the amount on line 3 using:

  • The 2012 Tax Table, Tax Computation Worksheet, or Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet from the 2012 Instructions for Form 1040 or Form 1040NR;

  • The 2012 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet from the 2012 Instructions for Form 1040; or

  • The Schedule D Tax Worksheet in the 2012 Instructions for Schedule D.

Enter the tax on line 4.

Line 5

If you used Schedule J to figure your tax for:

  • 2011 (that is, you entered the amount from the 2011 Schedule J, line 23, on line 44 of your 2011 Form 1040, on line 42 of your 2011 Form 1040NR, or on Form 1040X for 2011), enter on line 5 the amount from your 2011 Schedule J, line 11.

  • 2010 but not 2011, enter on line 5 the amount from your 2010 Schedule J, line 15.

  • 2009 but not 2010 or 2011, enter on line 5 the amount from your 2009 Schedule J, line 3.

If you figured your tax for 2009, 2010, and 2011 without using Schedule J, enter on line 5 the taxable income from your 2009 tax return (or as previously adjusted by the IRS, or corrected on an amended return). But if that amount is zero or less, complete the 2009 Taxable Income Worksheet to figure the amount to enter on line 5.

If you did not file a tax return for 2009, use the amount you would have reported as your taxable income had you been required to file a tax return. Be sure to keep all your records for 2009 for at least 3 years after April 15, 2013 (or the date you file your 2012 tax return, if later).

Instructions for 2009 Taxable Income Worksheet

Line 2.   Any net capital loss deduction on your 2009 Schedule D, line 21, is not allowed for income averaging purposes to the extent it did not reduce your capital loss carryover to 2010. This could happen if the taxable income before subtracting exemptions—shown on your 2009 Form 1040, line 41, or your 2009 Form 1040NR, line 38 (or as previously adjusted)—was less than zero. Enter on line 2 the amount by which your 2009 capital loss carryover to 2010 (the sum of your short- and long-term capital loss carryovers) exceeds the excess of the loss on your 2009 Schedule D, line 16, over the loss on your 2009 Schedule D, line 21. If you had any Net Operating Loss (NOL) carrybacks to 2009, be sure you refigured your 2009 capital loss carryover to 2010.

Line 3.   If you had an NOL for 2009, enter the amount of that NOL from line 25 of the 2009 Form 1045, Schedule A, you filed with Form 1045 or Form 1040X. If you did not have an NOL for 2009, enter the portion, if any, of the NOL carryovers and carrybacks to 2009 that were not used in 2009 and were carried to years after 2009.

Example.

John Farmington, who is single, did not use income averaging for 2009, 2010, or 2011. For 2012, John has $18,000 of elected farm income on Schedule J, line 2a. The taxable income before subtracting exemptions on his 2009 Form 1040, line 41, is $4,500. A deduction for exemptions of $3,650 is shown on line 42, and line 43, taxable income, is $850. However, John had a $21,200 NOL for 2010, $9,000 of which was remaining to carry to 2009 after the NOL was carried back to 2008. To complete line 1 of the 2009 Taxable Income Worksheet, John combines the $9,000 NOL deduction with the $850 from his 2009 Form 1040, line 43. The result is a negative $8,150, John's 2009 taxable income, which he enters as a positive amount on line 1 of the 2009 Taxable Income Worksheet.

When John filed his 2009 tax return, he had a $3,000 net capital loss deduction on Schedule D, line 21 (which was also entered on Form 1040, line 13), a $7,000 loss on Schedule D, line 16, and a $4,000 capital loss carryover to 2010. However, when John carried back the 2010 NOL ($9,000 of which was carried to 2009), he refigured his 2009 capital loss carryover to 2010 as $7,000. John adds the $3,000 from Schedule D, line 21, and the $7,000 carryover. He subtracts from the $10,000 result the $7,000 loss on his Schedule D, line 16, and enters $3,000 on line 2 of the worksheet.

John had $850 of taxable income in 2009 that reduced the 2010 NOL carryback. The $3,650 exemption deduction and $3,000 net capital loss deduction also reduced the amount of the 2010 NOL carryback. As a result, only $1,500 was available to carry to 2011 and later years, as shown on line 10 of his 2010 Form 1045, Schedule B. John enters the $1,500 on line 3 of the worksheet, and $4,500 ($1,500 plus the $3,000 line 2 amount) on line 4. He then subtracts the $4,500 from the $8,150 on line 1 and enters the result, $3,650, on line 5 of the worksheet. He enters a negative $3,650 on Schedule J, line 5. He combines that amount with the $6,000 on Schedule J, line 6, and enters $2,350 on Schedule J, line 7.

2009 Taxable Income Worksheet—Line 5

Complete this worksheet if you did not use Schedule J to figure your tax for 2010 and 2011 and your 2009 taxable income was zero or less. See the instructions above before completing this worksheet for line 5.
1. Figure the taxable income from your 2009 tax return (or as previously adjusted) without limiting it to zero. If you had an NOL for 2009, do not include any NOL carryovers or carrybacks to 2009. Enter the result as a positive amount 1.    
2. If there is a loss on your 2009 Schedule D, line 21, add that loss (as a positive amount) and your 2009 capital loss carryover to 2010. Subtract from that sum the amount of the loss on your 2009 Schedule D, line 16, and enter the result 2.        
3. If you had an NOL for 2009, enter it as a positive amount. Otherwise, enter as a positive amount the portion, if any, of the NOL carryovers and carrybacks to 2009 that were not used in 2009 and were carried to years after 2009 3.        
4. Add lines 2 and 3 4.    
5. Subtract line 4 from line 1. Enter the result as a negative amount on Schedule J, line 5 5.    
             

Line 8

If line 7 is zero, enter -0- on line 8. Otherwise, figure the tax on the amount on line 7 using:

  • The 2009 Tax Rate Schedules below,

  • The 2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, later,

  • The 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet in the 2009 Schedule D instructions (but use the 2009 Tax Rate Schedules below when figuring the tax on lines 33 and 35 of the Schedule D Tax Worksheet), or

  • The 2009 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet, later.

If your elected farm income includes net capital gain, you must use the 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 7. However, if you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ for 2009, you must first complete the 2009 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet, and then use the 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 3 of that worksheet.

When completing the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, you must allocate 1/3 of the amount on line 2b (and 1/3 of the amount on line 2c, if any) to 2009. If for 2009 you had a capital loss that resulted in a capital loss carryover to 2010, do not reduce the elected farm income allocated to 2009 by any part of the carryover.

2009 Tax Rate Schedules—Line 8

Schedule X—Use if your 2009 filing status was Single or you checked filing status box 1 or 2 on Form 1040NR Schedule Y-2—Use if your 2009 filing status was Married filing separately or you checked filing status box 3, 4, or 5 on Form 1040NR
If Schedule J, line 7, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 8
of the amount over— If Schedule J, line 7, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 8
of the amount over—
$0 
8,350 
33,950 
82,250 
171,550 
372,950
$8,350 
33,950 
82,250 
171,550 
372,950 
.............
........... 
$835.00 + 
4,675.00 + 
16,750.00 + 
41,754.00 + 
108,216.00+
 
 
10% 
15%  
25%
 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
8,350 
33,950
 
82,250 
171,550 
372,950
$0 
8,350 
33,950 
68,525 
104,425 
186,475
$8,350 
33,950 
68,525 
104,425 
186,475 
.............
........... 
$835.00 + 4,675.00 + 
13,318.75+ 
23,370.75+ 
50,447.25+
10% 
15% 
25% 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
8,350
 
33,950 
68,525 
104,425 
186,475
                   
Schedule Y-1—Use if your 2009 filing status was Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) or you checked filing status box 6 on Form 1040NR Schedule Z—Use if your 2009 filing status was Head of household
If Schedule J, line 7, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 8
of the amount over— If Schedule J, line 7, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 8
of the amount over—
$0 
16,700 
67,900 
137,050 
208,850 
372,950
$16,700 
67,900 
137,050 
208,850 
372,950 
............
........... 
$1,670.00 + 
9,350.00 + 
26,637.50 + 
46,741.50 + 
100,894.50+
 
 
10% 
15%  
25%
 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
16,700
 
67,900 
137,050 
208,850 
372,950
$0 
11,950 
45,500 
117,450 
190,200 
372,950
$11,950 45,500 
117,450 
190,200 
372,950 
.............
........... 
$1,195.00+ 6,227.50 + 
24,215.00+ 
44,585.00+ 
104,892.50+
10%  
15%
 
25% 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
11,950
 
45,500 
117,450 
190,200 
372,950
                   

2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet—Line 8

Use this worksheet only if both of the following apply.
  • Your elected farm income on your 2012 Schedule J, line 2a, does not include any net capital gain.

  • You (a) entered qualified dividends on your 2009 Form 1040, line 9b (or your 2009 Form 1040A, line 9b, or 2009 Form 1040NR, line 10b); (b) entered capital gain distributions directly on your 2009 Form 1040, line 13 (or your 2009 Form 1040A, line 10, or 2009 Form 1040NR, line 14) and were not required to file Schedule D; or (c) filed Schedule D in 2009 and you answered “Yes” on lines 17 and 20 of that Schedule D.

 
1.   Amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 7. If for 2009 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, enter the amount from line 3 of the 2009 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet 1.        
2.   Amount from your 2009 Form 1040, line 9b* (or your 2009 Form 1040A, line 9b, or 2009 Form 1040NR, line 10b) 2.        
3.   Did you file Schedule D in 2009?*        
   
Yes.
Enter the smaller of line 15 or 16 of your 2009 Schedule D, but do not enter less than -0-   3.        
   
No.
Enter the amount from your 2009 Form 1040, line 13 (or your 2009 Form 1040A, line 10, or 2009 Form 1040NR, line 14)        
4.   Add lines 2 and 3 4.        
5.   Amount, if any, from your 2009 Form 4952, line 4g 5.        
6.   Subtract line 5 from line 4. If zero or less, enter -0- 6.        
7.   Subtract line 6 from line 1. If zero or less, enter -0- 7.        
8.   Enter the smaller of:    
   
  • The amount on line 1, or

   
   
  • $33,950 if single or married filing separately or if you 
    checked filing status box 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 on Form 1040NR;

  8.        
    $67,900 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) 
or if you checked filing status box 6 on Form 1040NR; 
$45,500 if head of household.
   
9.   Is the amount on line 7 equal to or more than the amount on line 8?    
   
Yes.
Skip lines 9 and 10; go to line 11 and check the "No" box.    
   
No.
Enter the amount from line 7 9.        
10.   Subtract line 9 from line 8 10.        
11.   Are the amounts on lines 6 and 10 the same?    
   
Yes.
Skip lines 11 through 14; go to line 15.    
   
No.
Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 6 11.        
12.   Enter the amount from line 10 (if line 10 is blank, enter -0-) 12.        
13.   Subtract line 12 from line 11 13.        
14.   Multiply line 13 by 15% (.15) 14.      
15.   Figure the tax on the amount on line 7. Use the 2009 Tax Rate Schedules 15.      
16.   Add lines 14 and 15 16.      
17.   Figure the tax on the amount on line 1. Use the 2009 Tax Rate Schedules 17.      
18.   Tax. Enter the smaller of line 16 or line 17 here and on your 2012 Schedule J, line 8. If for 2009 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, do not enter this amount on Schedule J, line 8. Instead, enter it on line 4 of the 2009 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet 18.      
*If for 2009 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, see the footnote in the 2009 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet before completing this line.
   

2009 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet—Line 8

Use this worksheet if you claimed the foreign earned income exclusion or housing exclusion on your 2009 Form 1040 using Form 2555 or 2555-EZ. However, if Schedule J, line 7, is zero or less do not complete this worksheet.
1. Enter the amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 7 1.  
2. Enter the amount from your (and your spouse's, if filing jointly) 2009 Form 2555, lines 45 and 50, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 2.  
3. Add lines 1 and 2 3.  
4. Tax on the amount on line 3. Use the 2009 Tax Rate Schedules, the 2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet,* or the 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet in the 2009 Schedule D instructions,* whichever applies. 4.  
5. Tax on the amount on line 2. Use the 2009 Tax Rate Schedules. 5.  
6. Subtract line 5 from line 4. Enter the result. If zero or less, enter -0-. Also include this amount on your 2012 Schedule J, line 8 6.  
*Enter the amount from line 3 above on line 1 of the 2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet if you use either of those worksheets to figure the tax on line 4 above. Complete the rest of that worksheet through line 6 (line 10 if you use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet). Next, you must determine if you had a capital gain excess. To find out if you had a capital gain excess, subtract the amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 7, from line 6 of your 2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (line 10 of your 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet). If the result is more than zero, that amount is your capital gain excess.
If you did not have a capital gain excess, complete the rest of either of those worksheets according to the worksheet's instructions. Then complete lines 5 and 6 above.
If you had a capital gain excess, complete a second 2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet (whichever applies) as instructed above but in its entirety and with the following additional modifications. Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. These modifications are to be made only for purposes of filling out the 2009 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet above.
1. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you would otherwise enter on line 3 of your 2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or line 9 of your 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet by your capital gain excess.
2. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you would otherwise enter on line 2 of your 2009 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or line 6 of your 2009 Schedule D Tax Worksheet by any of your capital gain excess not used in (1) above.
3. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount on your 2009 Schedule D (Form 1040), line 18, by your capital gain excess.
4. Include your capital gain excess as a loss on line 16 of your 2009 Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet in the 2009 Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040).

Line 9

If you used Schedule J to figure your tax for:

  • 2011 (that is, you entered the amount from the 2011 Schedule J, line 23, on line 44 of your 2011 Form 1040, on line 42 of 2011 Form 1040NR, or on Form 1040X for 2011), enter on line 9 the amount from your 2011 Schedule J, line 15.

  • 2010 but not 2011, enter on line 9 the amount from your 2010 Schedule J, line 3.

If you figured your tax for both 2010 and 2011 without using Schedule J, enter on line 9 the taxable income from your 2010 tax return (or as previously adjusted by the IRS or corrected on an amended return). But if that amount is zero or less, complete the worksheet below to figure the amount to enter on line 9.

If you did not file a tax return for 2010, use the amount you would have reported as your taxable income had you been required to file a tax return. Be sure to keep all your records for 2010 until at least 3 years after April 15, 2013 (or the date you file your 2012 tax return, if later).

Instructions for 2010 Taxable Income Worksheet

Line 2.   Any net capital loss deduction on your 2010 Schedule D, line 21, is not allowed for income averaging purposes to the extent it did not reduce your capital loss carryover to 2011. This could happen if the taxable income before subtracting exemptions—shown on your 2010 Form 1040, line 41, or your 2010 Form 1040NR, line 39 (or as previously adjusted)—was less than zero. Enter on line 2 the amount by which your 2010 capital loss carryover to 2011 (the sum of your short- and long-term capital loss carryovers) exceeds the excess of the loss on your 2010 Schedule D, line 16, over the loss on your 2010 Schedule D, line 21. If you had any NOL carrybacks to 2010, be sure you refigured your 2010 capital loss carryover to 2011.

Line 3.   If you had an NOL for 2010, enter the amount of that NOL from line 25 of the 2010 Form 1045, Schedule A, you filed with Form 1045 or Form 1040X. If you did not have an NOL for 2010, enter the portion, if any, of the NOL carryovers and carrybacks to 2010 that were not used in 2010 and were carried to years after 2010.

Example.

John Farmington did not use income averaging for 2009, 2010, or 2011. The taxable income before subtracting exemptions on his 2010 Form 1040, line 41, is a negative $29,900. A deduction for exemptions of $3,650 is shown on line 42, and line 43, taxable income, is limited to zero. John subtracts from the $29,900 loss the $3,650 deduction for exemptions. The result is a negative $33,550, John's 2010 taxable income, which he enters as a positive amount on line 1 of the 2010 Taxable Income Worksheet.

When John filed his 2010 tax return, he had a $3,000 net capital loss deduction on Schedule D, line 21 (which was also entered on Form 1040, line 13), and a $7,000 loss on Schedule D, line 16 (as adjusted). He also had a $7,000 capital loss carryover to 2011. John adds the $3,000 from Schedule D, line 21, and the $7,000 carryover. He subtracts from the $10,000 result the $7,000 loss on his Schedule D, line 16, and enters $3,000 on line 2 of the worksheet.

John enters $21,200 on line 3 of the worksheet, the 2010 NOL from his 2010 Form 1045, Schedule A, line 25. Of the $33,550 negative taxable income, the $3,650 deduction for exemptions, the $3,000 capital loss deduction, and his $5,700 standard deduction were not allowed in figuring the NOL. John had a $21,200 loss on his 2010 Schedule F, the only other item on his 2010 tax return.

John enters $24,200 (the $3,000 line 2 amount plus the $21,200 line 3 amount) on line 4 and $9,350 (the $33,550 line 1 amount minus the $24,200 line 4 amount) on line 5. He enters $9,350 as a negative amount on Schedule J, line 9. He enters $6,000 on Schedule J, line 10, and a negative $3,350 on Schedule J, line 11. If he uses Schedule J to figure his tax for 2013, he will enter the negative $3,350 amount on his 2013 Schedule J as his 2010 taxable income for income averaging purposes.

2010 Taxable Income Worksheet—Line 9

Complete this worksheet if you did not use Schedule J to figure your tax for 2011 and your 2010 taxable income was zero or less. See the instructions above before completing this worksheet.
1. Figure the taxable income from your 2010 tax return (or as previously adjusted) without limiting it to zero. If you had an NOL for 2010, do not include any NOL carryovers or carrybacks to 2010. Enter the result as a positive amount 1.    
2. If there is a loss on your 2010 Schedule D, line 21, add that loss (as a positive amount) and your 2010 capital loss carryover to 2011. Subtract from that sum the amount of the loss on your 2010 Schedule D, line 16, and enter the result 2.        
3. If you had an NOL for 2010, enter it as a positive amount. Otherwise, enter as a positive amount the portion, if any, of the NOL carryovers and carrybacks to 2010 that were not used in 2010 and were carried to years after 2010 3.        
4. Add lines 2 and 3 4.    
5. Subtract line 4 from line 1. Enter the result as a negative amount on Schedule J, line 9 5.    
             

Line 12

If line 11 is zero or less, enter -0- on line 12. Otherwise, figure the tax on the amount on line 11 using:

  • The 2010 Tax Rate Schedules below,

  • The 2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, later,

  • The 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet in the 2010 Schedule D instructions (but use the 2010 Tax Rate Schedules below when figuring the tax on the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, lines 34 and 36), or

  • The 2010 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet, later.

If your elected farm income includes net capital gain, you must use the 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 11. However, if you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ for 2010, you must first complete the 2010 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet, and then use the 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 3 of that worksheet.

When completing the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, you must allocate 1/3 of the amount on line 2b (and 1/3 of the amount on line 2c, if any) to 2010. If for 2010 you had a capital loss that resulted in a capital loss carryover to 2011, do not reduce the elected farm income allocated to 2010 by any part of the carryover.

2010 Tax Rate Schedules—Line 12

Schedule X—Use if your 2010 filing status was Single or you checked filing status box 1 or 2 on Form 1040NR Schedule Y-2—Use if your 2010 filing status was Married filing separately or you checked filing status box 3, 4, or 5 on Form 1040NR
If Schedule J, line 11, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 12
of the amount over— If Schedule J, line 11, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 12
of the amount over—
$0 
8,375 
34,000 
82,400 
171,850 
373,650
$8,375 
34,000 
82,400 
171,850 
373,650 
.............
........... 
$837.50 + 
4,681.25 + 
16,781.25+ 
41,827.25+ 
108,421.25+
 
 
10% 
15%  
25%
 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
8,375 
34,000
 
82,400 
171,850 
373,650
$0 
8,375 
34,000 
68,650 
104,625 
186,825
$8,375 
34,000 
68,650 
104,625 
186,825 
.............
........... 
$837.50 + 4,681.25 + 
13,343.75+ 
23,416.75+ 
50,542.75+
10% 
15% 
25% 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
8,375
 
34,000 
68,650 
104,625 
186,825
Schedule Y-1—Use if your 2010 filing status was Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) or you checked filing status box 6 on Form 1040NR Schedule Z—Use if your 2010 filing status was Head of household
If Schedule J, line 11, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 12
of the amount over— If Schedule J, line 11, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 12
of the amount over—
$0 
16,750 
68,000 
137,300 
209,250 
373,650
$16,750 
68,000 
137,300 
209,250 
373,650 
............
........... 
$1,675.00+ 
9,362.50 + 
26,687.50+ 
46,833.50+ 
101,085.50+
 
 
10% 
15%  
25%
 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
16,750
 
68,000 
137,300 
209,250 
373,650
$0 
11,950 
45,550 
117,650 
190,550 
373,650
$11,950 45,550 
117,650 
190,550 
373,650 
.............
........... 
$1,195.00 + 6,235.00 + 
24,260.00+ 
44,672.00+ 
105,095.00+
10%  
15%
 
25% 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
11,950
 
45,550 
117,650 
190,550 
373,650

2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet—Line 12

Use this worksheet only if both of the following apply.
  • Your elected farm income on your 2012 Schedule J, line 2a, does not include any net capital gain.

  • You (a) entered qualified dividends on your 2010 Form 1040, line 9b (or your 2010 Form 1040A, line 9b, or 2010 Form 1040NR, line 10b); (b) entered capital gain distributions directly on your 2010 Form 1040, line 13 (or your 2010 Form 1040A, line 10, or 2010 Form 1040NR, line 14) and were not required to file Schedule D; or (c) filed Schedule D in 2010 and you answered “Yes” on lines 17 and 20 of that Schedule D.

 
1.   Amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 11. If for 2010 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, enter the amount from line 3 of the 2010 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet 1.        
2.   Amount from your 2010 Form 1040, line 9b* (or your 2010 Form 1040A, line 9b, or 2010 Form 1040NR, line 10b) 2.        
3.   Did you file Schedule D in 2010?*        
   
Yes.
Enter the smaller of line 15 or 16 of your 2010 Schedule D, but do not enter less than -0-   3.        
   
No.
Enter the amount from your 2010 Form 1040, line 13 (or your 2010 Form 1040A, line 10, or 2010 Form 1040NR, line 14)        
4.   Add lines 2 and 3 4.        
5.   Amount, if any, from your 2010 Form 4952, line 4g 5.        
6.   Subtract line 5 from line 4. If zero or less, enter -0- 6.        
7.   Subtract line 6 from line 1. If zero or less, enter -0- 7.        
8.   Enter one of the following three amounts depending on your 
filing status:
   
   
  • $34,000 if single or married filing separately, or if you checked filing status box 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 on Form 1040NR;

  8.        
   
  • $68,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) or if you checked filing status box 6 on Form 1040NR;

  • $45,550 if head of household.

 
   
9.   Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 8 9.            
10.   Enter the smaller of line 7 or line 9 10.        
11.   Subtract line 10 from line 9. This amount is taxed at 0% 11.            
12.   Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 6 12.        
13.   Enter the amount from line 11 13.        
14.   Subtract line 13 from line 12 14.        
15.   Multiply line 14 by 15% (.15) 15.      
16.   Figure the tax on the amount on line 7. Use the 2010 Tax Rate Schedules 16.      
17.   Add lines 15 and 16 17.      
18.   Figure the tax on the amount on line 1. Use the 2010 Tax Rate Schedules 18.      
19.   Tax. Enter the smaller of line 17 or line 18 here and on your 2012 Schedule J, line 12. If for 2010 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, do not enter this amount on Schedule J, line 12. Instead, enter it on line 4 of the 2010 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet 19.      
*If for 2010 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, see the footnote in the 2010 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet before completing this line.
   

2010 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet—Line 12

Use this worksheet if you claimed the foreign earned income exclusion or housing exclusion on your 2010 Form 1040 using Form 2555 or 2555-EZ. However, if Schedule J, line 11, is zero or less do not complete this worksheet.
1. Enter the amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 11 1.  
2. Enter the amount from your (and your spouse's, if filing jointly) 2010 Form 2555, lines 45 and 50, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 2.  
3. Add lines 1 and 2 3.  
4. Tax on the amount on line 3. Use the 2010 Tax Rate Schedules, the 2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet,* or the 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet in the 2010 Schedule D instructions,* whichever applies. 4.  
5. Tax on the amount on line 2. Use the 2010 Tax Rate Schedules. 5.  
6. Subtract line 5 from line 4. Enter the result. If zero or less, enter -0-. Also include this amount on your 2012 Schedule J, line 12 6.  
*Enter the amount from line 3 above on line 1 of the 2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet if you use either of those worksheets to figure the tax on line 4 above. Complete the rest of that worksheet through line 6 (line 10 if you use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet). Next, you must determine if you had a capital gain excess. To find out if you had a capital gain excess, subtract the amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 11, from line 6 of your 2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (line 10 of your 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet). If the result is more than zero, that amount is your capital gain excess.
If you did not have a capital gain excess, complete the rest of either of those worksheets according to the worksheet's instructions. Then complete lines 5 and 6 above.
If you had a capital gain excess, complete a second 2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet (whichever applies) as instructed above but in its entirety and with the following additional modifications. Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. These modifications are to be made only for purposes of filling out the 2010 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet above.
1. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you would otherwise enter on line 3 of your 2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or line 9 of your 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet by your capital gain excess.
2. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you would otherwise enter on line 2 of your 2010 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or line 6 of your 2010 Schedule D Tax Worksheet by any of your capital gain excess not used in (1) above.
3. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount on your 2010 Schedule D (Form 1040), line 18, by your capital gain excess.
4. Include your capital gain excess as a loss on line 16 of your 2010 Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet in the 2010 Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040).

Line 13

If you used Schedule J to figure your tax for 2011 (that is, you entered the amount from the 2011 Schedule J, line 23, on line 44 of your 2011 Form 1040, on line 42 of your 2011 Form 1040NR, or on Form 1040X for 2011), enter on line 13 the amount from your 2011 Schedule J, line 3.

If you did not use Schedule J to figure your tax for 2011, enter on line 13 the taxable income from your 2011 tax return (or as previously adjusted by the IRS or corrected on an amended return). But if that amount is zero or less, complete the worksheet below to figure the amount to enter on line 13.

If you did not file a tax return for 2011, use the amount you would have reported as your taxable income had you been required to file a tax return. Be sure to keep all your records for 2011 until at least 3 years after April 15, 2013 (or the date you file your 2012 tax return, if later).

Instructions for 2011 Taxable Income Worksheet

Line 2.   Any net capital loss deduction on your 2011 Schedule D, line 21, is not allowed for income averaging purposes to the extent it did not reduce your capital loss carryover to 2012. This could happen if the taxable income before subtracting exemptions—shown on your 2011 Form 1040, line 41, or your 2011 Form 1040NR, line 39 (or as previously adjusted)—was less than zero. Enter on line 2 the amount by which your 2011 capital loss carryover to 2012 (the sum of your short- and long-term capital loss carryovers) exceeds the excess of the loss on your 2011 Schedule D, line 16, over the loss on your 2011 Schedule D, line 21.

Line 3.   If you had an NOL for 2011, enter the amount of that NOL from line 25 of the 2011 Form 1045, Schedule A, you filed with Form 1045 or Form 1040X. If you did not have an NOL for 2011, enter the portion, if any, of the NOL carryovers and carrybacks to 2011 that were not used in 2011 and were carried to years after 2011.

Example.

John Farmington did not use income averaging for 2009, 2010, or 2011. The taxable income before subtracting exemptions on his 2011 Form 1040, line 41, is a negative $1,000. This amount includes an NOL deduction on his 2011 Form 1040, line 21, of $1,500. The $1,500 is the portion of the 2010 NOL that was remaining from 2009 to be carried to 2011. See the examples, earlier. A deduction for exemptions of $3,700 is shown on Form 1040, line 42, and line 43, taxable income, is limited to zero. John does not have an NOL for 2011. John subtracts from the $1,000 negative amount on Form 1040, line 41, the $3,700 deduction for exemptions. The result is a negative $4,700, John's 2011 taxable income, which he enters as a positive amount on line 1 of the 2011 Taxable Income Worksheet.

When John filed his 2011 tax return, he had a $3,000 net capital loss deduction on Schedule D, line 21 (which was also entered on Form 1040, line 13), a $7,000 loss on Schedule D, line 16, and a $5,000 capital loss carryover to 2012 (his 2011 capital loss carryover to 2012 was $5,000, not $4,000, because the amount on his Form 1040, line 41, was a negative $1,000). John adds the $3,000 from Schedule D, line 21, and the $5,000 carryover. He subtracts from the $8,000 result the $7,000 loss on his Schedule D, line 16, and enters $1,000 on line 2 of the worksheet.

John enters -0- on line 3 of the worksheet because he does not have an NOL for 2011 and did not have an NOL carryover from 2011 available to carry to 2012 and later years. The NOL deduction for 2011 of $1,500 was reduced to zero because it did not exceed his modified taxable income of $3,500. Modified taxable income is figured by adding back the $3,000 net capital loss deduction and the $3,700 exemption deduction to negative taxable income (figured without regard to the NOL deduction) of $3,200. John enters $1,000 on line 4 and $3,700 on line 5. He enters $3,700 as a negative amount on Schedule J, line 13. He enters $6,000 on Schedule J, line 14, and $2,300 on Schedule J, line 15. If he uses Schedule J to figure his tax for 2013, he will enter $2,300 on his 2013 Schedule J as his 2011 taxable income for income averaging purposes.

2011 Taxable Income Worksheet—Line 13

Complete this worksheet if your 2011 taxable income was zero or less. See the instructions above before completing this worksheet.
1. Figure the taxable income from your 2011 tax return (or as previously adjusted) without limiting it to zero. If you had an NOL for 2011, do not include any NOL carryovers or carrybacks to 2011. Enter the result as a positive amount 1.    
2. If there is a loss on your 2011 Schedule D, line 21, add that loss (as a positive amount) and your 2011 capital loss carryover to 2012. Subtract from that sum the amount of the loss on your 2011 Schedule D, line 16, and enter the result 2.        
3. If you had an NOL for 2011, enter it as a positive amount. Otherwise, enter as a positive amount the portion, if any, of the NOL carryovers and carrybacks to 2011 that were not used in 2011 and were carried to years after 2011 3.        
4. Add lines 2 and 3 4.    
5. Subtract line 4 from line 1. Enter the result as a negative amount on Schedule J, line 13 5.    
             

Line 16

If line 15 is zero or less, enter -0- on line 16. Otherwise, figure the tax on the amount on line 15 using:

  • The 2011 Tax Rate Schedules below,

  • The 2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, later,

  • The 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet in the 2011 Schedule D instructions (but use the 2011 Tax Rate Schedules when figuring the tax on the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, lines 34 and 36), or

  • The 2011 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet, later.

If your elected farm income includes net capital gain, you must use the 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 15. However, if you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ for 2011, you must first complete the 2011 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet, and then use the 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 3 of that worksheet.

When completing the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, you must allocate 1/3 of the amount on line 2b (and 1/3 of the amount on line 2c, if any) to 2011. If for 2011 you had a capital loss that resulted in a capital loss carryover to 2012, do not reduce the elected farm income allocated to 2011 by any part of the carryover.

2011 Tax Rate Schedules—Line 16

Schedule X—Use if your 2011 filing status was Single or you checked filing status box 1 or 2 on Form 1040NR Schedule Y-2—Use if your 2011 filing status was Married filing separately or you checked filing status box 3, 4, or 5 on Form 1040NR
If Schedule J, line 15, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 16
of the amount over— If Schedule J, line 15, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 16
of the amount over—
$0 
8,500 
34,500 
83,600 
174,400 
379,150
$8,500 
34,500 
83,600 
174,400 
379,150 
.............
........... 
$850.00 + 
4,750.00 + 
17,025.00+ 
42,449.00+ 
110,016.50+
 
 
10% 
15%  
25%
 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
8,500 
34,500
 
83,600 
174,400 
379,150
$0 
8,500 
34,500 
69,675 
106,150 
189,575
$8,500 
34,500 
69,675 
106,150 
189,575 
.............
........... 
$850.00 + 4,750.00 + 
13,543.75+ 
23,756.75+ 
51,287.00+
10% 
15% 
25% 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
8,500
 
34,500 
69,675 
106,150 
189,575
Schedule Y-1—Use if your 2011 filing status was Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) or you checked filing status box 6 on Form 1040NR Schedule Z—Use if your 2011 filing status was Head of household
If Schedule J, line 15, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 16
of the amount over— If Schedule J, line 15, is: 
Over—
But not over— Enter on  
Schedule J,  
line 16
of the amount over—
$0 
17,000 
69,000 
139,350 
212,300 
379,150
$17,000 
69,000 
139,350 
212,300 
379,150 
............
........... 
$1,700.00+ 
9,500.00 + 
27,087.50+ 
47,513.50+ 
102,574.00+
 
 
10% 
15%  
25%
 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
17,000
 
69,000 
139,350 
212,300 
379,150
$0 
12,150 
46,250 
119,400 
193,350 
379,150
$12,150 46,250 
119,400 
193,350 
379,150 
.............
........... 
$1,215.00+ 6,330.00 + 
24,617.50+ 
45,323.50+ 
106,637.50+
10%  
15%
 
25% 
28% 
33% 
35%
$0 
12,150
 
46,250 
119,400 
193,350 
379,150

2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet—Line 16

Use this worksheet only if both of the following apply.
  • Your elected farm income on your 2012 Schedule J, line 2a, does not include any net capital gain.

  • You (a) entered qualified dividends on your 2011 Form 1040, line 9b (or your 2011 Form 1040A, line 9b, or 2011 Form 1040NR, line 10b); (b) entered capital gain distributions directly on your 2011 Form 1040, line 13 (or your 2011 Form 1040A, line 10, or 2011 Form 1040NR, line 14) and were not required to file Schedule D; or (c) filed Schedule D in 2011 and you answered “Yes” on lines 17 and 20 of that Schedule D.

 
1.   Amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 15. If for 2011 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, enter the amount from line 3 of the 2011 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet 1.        
2.   Amount from your 2011 Form 1040, line 9b* (or your 2011 Form 1040A, line 9b, or 2011 Form 1040NR, line 10b) 2.        
3.   Did you file Schedule D in 2011?*        
   
Yes.
Enter the smaller of line 15 or 16 of your 2011 Schedule D, but do not enter less than -0-   3.        
   
No.
Enter the amount from your 2011 Form 1040, line 13 (or your 2011 Form 1040A, line 10, or 2011 Form 1040NR, line 14)        
4.   Add lines 2 and 3 4.        
5.   Amount, if any, from your 2011 Form 4952, line 4g 5.        
6.   Subtract line 5 from line 4. If zero or less, enter -0- 6.        
7.   Subtract line 6 from line 1. If zero or less, enter -0- 7.        
8.   Enter one of the following three amounts depending on your 
filing status:
   
   
  • $34,500 if single or married filing separately, or if you checked filing status box 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 on Form 1040NR;

  8.        
   
  • $69,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) or if you checked filing status box 6 on Form 1040NR;

  • $46,250 if head of household.

 
   
9.   Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 8 9.            
10.   Enter the smaller of line 7 or line 9 10.        
11.   Subtract line 10 from line 9. This amount is taxed at 0% 11.            
12.   Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 6 12.        
13.   Enter the amount from line 11 13.        
14.   Subtract line 13 from line 12 14.        
15.   Multiply line 14 by 15% (.15) 15.      
16.   Figure the tax on the amount on line 7. Use the 2011 Tax Rate Schedules 16.      
17.   Add lines 15 and 16 17.      
18.   Figure the tax on the amount on line 1. Use the 2011 Tax Rate Schedules 18.      
19.   Tax. Enter the smaller of line 17 or line 18 here and on your 2012 Schedule J, line 16. If for 2011 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, do not enter this amount on Schedule J, line 16. Instead, enter it on line 4 of the 2011 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet 19.      
*If for 2011 you filed Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, see the footnote in the 2011 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet before completing this line.
   

2011 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet—Line 16

Use this worksheet if you claimed the foreign earned income exclusion or housing exclusion on your 2011 Form 1040 using Form 2555 or 2555-EZ. However, if Schedule J, line 15, is zero or less, do not complete this worksheet.
1. Enter the amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 15 1.  
2. Enter the amount from your (and your spouse's, if filing jointly) 2011 Form 2555, lines 45 and 50, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 2.  
3. Add lines 1 and 2 3.  
4. Tax on the amount on line 3. Use the 2011 Tax Rate Schedules, the 2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet,* or the 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet in the 2011 Schedule D instructions,* whichever applies. 4.  
5. Tax on the amount on line 2. Use the 2011 Tax Rate Schedules. 5.  
6. Subtract line 5 from line 4. Enter the result. If zero or less, enter -0-. Also include this amount on your 2012 Schedule J, line 16 6.  
*Enter the amount from line 3 above on line 1 of the 2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet if you use either of those worksheets to figure the tax on line 4 above. Complete the rest of that worksheet through line 6 (line 10 if you use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet). Next, you must determine if you had a capital gain excess. To find out if you had a capital gain excess, subtract the amount from your 2012 Schedule J, line 15, from line 6 of your 2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (line 10 of your 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet). If the result is more than zero, that amount is your capital gain excess.
If you did not have a capital gain excess, complete the rest of either of those worksheets according to the worksheet's instructions. Then complete lines 5 and 6 above.
If you had a capital gain excess, complete a second 2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet (whichever applies) as instructed above but in its entirety and with the following additional modifications. Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. These modifications are to be made only for purposes of filling out the 2011 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet above.
1. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you would otherwise enter on line 3 of your 2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or line 9 of your 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet by your capital gain excess.
2. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you would otherwise enter on line 2 of your 2011 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or line 6 of your 2011 Schedule D Tax Worksheet by any of your capital gain excess not used in (1) above.
3. Reduce (but not below zero) the amount on your 2011 Schedule D (Form 1040), line 18, by your capital gain excess.
4. Include your capital gain excess as a loss on line 16 of your 2011 Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet in the 2011 Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040).

Lines 19, 20, and 21

For reporting purposes, the “tax” line of your tax return may include amounts that are not tax imposed by section 1 of the Internal Revenue Code. For example, your "tax" line may, in addition to the tax imposed by section 1, include amounts from Forms 8814 or 4972; alternative minimum tax if you filed Form 1040A; or amounts from the recapture of an education credit. Do not include these other tax amounts on lines 19 through 21.

If you amended your return or the IRS made changes to it, make sure you enter the corrected amount.


More Online Instructions