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Use Schedule K-1 to report a beneficiary's share of the estate’s or trust’s income, credits, deductions, etc. on your Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return. Keep it for your records. Do not file it with your tax return, unless backup withholding was reported in box 13, code B.
Generally, you must report items shown on your Schedule K-1 (including attached schedules) the same way that the estate or trust treated the items on its return.
If the treatment of an item on your original or amended return is inconsistent with the estate’s or trust’s treatment (or if the estate or trust was required to but has not filed a return), you must file Form 8082, Notice of Inconsistent Treatment or Administrative Adjustment Request (AAR), with your original or amended return to identify and explain any inconsistency (or to note that an estate or trust return has not been filed).
If you are required to file Form 8082 but fail to do so, you may be subject to the accuracy-related penalty. This penalty is in addition to any tax that results from making your amount or treatment of the item consistent with that shown on the estate’s or trust’s return. Any deficiency that results from making the amounts consistent may be assessed immediately.
If you believe the fiduciary has made an error on your Schedule K-1, notify the fiduciary and ask for an amended or a corrected Schedule K-1. Do not change any items on your copy. Be sure that the fiduciary sends a copy of the amended Schedule K-1 to the IRS. If you are unable to reach an agreement with the fiduciary regarding the inconsistency, you must file Form 8082.
If you received Form 706-GS(D-1), Notification of Distribution From a Generation-Skipping Trust, and paid a generation-skipping transfer (GST) tax on Form 706-GS(D), Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax Return for Distributions, you can deduct the GST tax paid on income distributions on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 8. To figure the deduction, see the Instructions for Form 706-GS(D).
If the item E box is checked, this is the final year of the estate or trust.
If the “Final K-1” box at the top of Schedule K-1 is checked, this is the final return for the beneficiary.
The amounts shown in boxes 1 through 14 reflect your share of income, loss, deductions, credits, etc., from an estate or trust. For Form 1040 filers, page 2 of Schedule K-1 provides summarized reporting information. The summarized reporting information reflects references to forms in use for calendar year 2012.
If you are not an individual, report the amounts in each box as instructed on your tax return.
This box reports the beneficiary’s share of the taxable interest income. This amount is reported on line 8a of Form 1040.
This box reports the beneficiary’s share of ordinary dividends. This amount is reported on line 9a of Form 1040.
This box reports the beneficiary’s share of qualified dividends. This amount is reported on line 9b of Form 1040.
Net Short-Term Capital Gains are reported on line 5 of Schedule D (Form 1040) and Net Long-Term Capital Gains are reported on line 12 of Schedule D (Form 1040).
If there is an attachment to this Schedule K-1 reporting a disposition of a passive activity, see the Instructions for Form 8582, Passive Activity Loss Limitations, for information on the treatment of a disposition of an interest in a passive activity.
The amount reported in this box is your distributive share of royalties, annuities, and other income that is not subject to the passive activity rules. It also includes income in respect of a decedent (IRD), which is not included in boxes 1, 2a, 3, 4a, 6, 7, or 8.
The fiduciary will provide you with a separate schedule showing your distributive share of income from each trade or business, net rental real estate, or other rental activity.
Any losses reported in boxes 6 through 8 may be subject to the passive loss limitations of section 469, which generally limits deducting passive losses only from passive activity income. The rules for applying these limitations to beneficiaries have not yet been issued. For more details, see Pub. 925, Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules.
The fiduciary must attach a statement showing depreciation, depletion, and amortization directly apportioned to you, if any, for each activity reported in boxes 5 through 8.
If an estate or trust distributes income in respect of a decedent (IRD) to a beneficiary, the beneficiary is entitled to deduct the portion of the estate tax imposed on the decedent's estate which is attributable to the IRD distributed to the beneficiary. You may claim this amount on line 28 of Schedule A (Form 1040) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2% floor. For an example on how this amount was computed, see Regulations section 1.691(c)-2 and Pub. 559.
If this is the final return of the estate or trust, and there are excess deductions on termination, you may deduct the beneficiary’s share of the excess deductions on line 23 of Schedule A (Form 1040) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% floor.
Excess deductions on termination occur only during the last tax year of the trust or decedent’s estate when the total deductions (excluding the charitable deduction and exemption) are greater than the gross income during that tax year. Only the beneficiary of an estate or trust that succeeds to its property is allowed to deduct that entity’s excess deductions on termination. A beneficiary who does not have enough income in that year to absorb the entire deduction may not carry the balance over to any succeeding year.
Upon termination of the trust or decedent’s estate, the beneficiary succeeding to the property is allowed to deduct any unused capital loss carryover under section 1212.
A short-term capital loss carryover, reported as Code B, is reported on Schedule D (Form 1040), line 5.
A long-term capital loss carryover, reported as Code C, is reported, as appropriate, on Schedule D (Form 1040), line 12; line 5 of the 28% Rate Gain Worksheet for Schedule D, line 18; and line 16 of the Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet for Schedule D, line 19.
Upon termination of a trust or decedent’s estate, a beneficiary succeeding to its property is allowed to deduct any unused net operating loss (NOL) if the carryover would be allowable to the trust or estate in a later tax year but for the termination. The deduction for regular tax purposes, reported as Code D, is reported on Form 1040, line 21.
A deduction for an Alternative Tax NOL (ATNOL) carryover for Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) purposes, reported as Code E, is reported on Form 6251, line 11.
The information reported in box 12, codes A through I is used to prepare your Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax—Individuals. Code A, Adjustment for minimum tax purposes, is the total amount reported on Form 6251, line 15. Codes B through F represent the portion, if any, of the amount included in code A.
Codes A through T list all the credits that may be allocated to you as a beneficiary.
Generally, you must file the source credit form along with Form 3800, General Business Credit, to claim the general business credits listed on Schedule K-1 (Form 1041), codes C through T. However, if your only source for the credits listed on Form 3800, Part III is from pass-through entities, you may not be required to complete the source credit form. Instead, you may be able to report the credit directly on Form 3800. See below for the instructions for specific credits.
Form 1041-T, Allocation of Estimated Tax Payments to Beneficiaries, must be timely filed by the fiduciary for the beneficiary to get the credit for an estimated tax payment.
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