Table of Contents
- Identifying Information
- Schedule C
- Schedule C-1
- Schedule F
- Schedule G
- Schedule H
- Schedule M
If the information required in a given section exceeds the space provided within that section, do not write “see attached” in the section and then attach all of the information on additional sheets. Instead, complete all entry spaces in the section and attach the remaining information on additional sheets. The additional sheets must conform with the IRS version of that section.
Enter, in the space provided below the title of Form 8858, the annual accounting period of the FDE for which you are furnishing information. The annual accounting period of an FDE is the annual accounting period or taxable year of the tax owner. Therefore, in the case of a U.S. tax owner, the annual accounting period of the FDE is the taxable year of the U.S. tax owner; and in the case of a CFC or CFP that is a tax owner, the annual accounting period of the FDE is the annual accounting period of the CFC or CFP.
In the spaces provided at the top of page 1 of Form 8858, provide the identifying information for the U.S. person filing Form 8858 (see definition, earlier).
If a U.S. corporation is the U.S. person filing Form 8858 and is a member of a consolidated group, list the common parent as the person filing the return and enter its identifying information in the spaces provided at the top of page 1 of the form.
If the name of the person filing the return, the tax owner, the direct owner, or the FDE whose activities are being reported changed within the past 3 years, show the prior name(s) in parentheses after the current name.
Use the following instructions to complete lines 1a, 2a, 2b, 3a, 4a, and the entry spaces at the top of page 1 of the form for the filer's address.
Use the following instruction to complete lines 1b, 3c, 4c, and the entry space at the top of page 1 of the form for the filer's identifying number. The identifying number of an individual is his or her social security number (SSN). The identifying number of all others is their employer identification number (EIN).
If a U.S. corporation is the U.S. person filing Form 8858 and is a member of a consolidated group, see Person Filing This Return, earlier.
Use the following instruction to complete lines 1i, 3e, and 4d.
Enter the entity's functional currency.
See sections 985 and 989, and Regulations sections 1.985-1(a) through (c) and 1.989(a)-1(b) for rules for determining the functional currency of a qualified business unit (QBU) and the definition of a QBU.
A reference ID number (defined below) is required on line 1b(2) only in cases where no EIN was entered on line 1b(1) for the foreign disregarded entity. However, filers are permitted to enter both an EIN on line 1b(1) and a reference ID number on line 1b(2). If applicable, enter the reference ID number you have assigned to the foreign disregarded entity identified on line 1a.
A "reference ID number" is a number established by or on behalf of the U.S. person identified at the top of page 1 of the form that is assigned to a foreign disregarded entity with respect to which Form 8858 reporting is required. These numbers are used to uniquely identify the foreign disregarded entity in order to keep track of the foreign disregarded entity from tax year to tax year.
The reference ID number must meet the requirements set forth below.
Because reference ID numbers are established by or on behalf of the U.S. person filing Form 8858, there is no need to apply to the IRS to request a reference ID number or for permission to use these numbers.
The reference ID number that is entered in item 1b(2) must be alphanumeric and no special characters or spaces are permitted. The length of a given reference ID number is limited to 50 characters.
The same reference ID number must be used consistently from tax year to tax year with respect to a given foreign disregarded entity or tax owner. If for any reason a reference ID number falls out of use (for example, the foreign disregarded entity or tax owner no longer exists due to disposition or liquidation), the reference ID number used for that foreign disregarded entity or tax owner cannot be used again for another foreign disregarded entity or tax owner for purposes of Form 8858 reporting.
There are some situations that warrant correlation of a new reference ID number with a previous reference ID number when assigning a new reference ID number to a foreign disregarded entity or tax owner partnership. For example:
In the case of a merger or acquisition, a Form 8858 filer must use a reference ID number which correlates the previous reference ID number with the new reference ID number assigned to the foreign disregarded entity or tax owner.
In the case of a foreign disregarded entity that has made an entity classification election on Form 8832, Regulations section 301.6109-1(b)(2)(v) requires the foreign disregarded entity to obtain an EIN in order to make the entity classification election on Form 8832. For the first year that the foreign disregarded entity files Form 8858 after making an entity classification on Form 8832, the foreign disregarded entity is required to enter the new EIN on line 1b(1) of Form 8858 and the old reference ID number on line 1b(2) of Form 8858. The foreign disregarded entity or tax owner may continue to enter both the EIN and the reference ID number in subsequent years, but must enter at least the EIN on line 1b(1).
You must correlate the reference ID numbers as follows: New reference ID number (space) Old reference ID number. If there is more than one old reference ID number, you must enter a space between each such number. As indicated above, the length of a given reference ID number is limited to 50 characters and each number must be alphanumeric and no special characters are permitted.
This correlation requirement applies only to the first year the new reference ID number is used.
If the tax owner is a CFC, enter the annual accounting period covered by Form 5471 (as described in Regulations section 1.6038-2(e)). If the tax owner is a CFP, enter the annual accounting period covered by Form 8865 (as described in Regulations section 1.6038-3(f)).
A reference ID number (defined earlier) is required on line 3c(2) only in cases where no EIN was entered on line 3c(1). However, filers are permitted to enter both an EIN on line 3c(1) and a reference ID number on line 3c(2). If this tax owner is a CFC, enter the reference ID number for the CFC from Form 5471 Item 1b(2). If this tax owner is a CFP, enter the reference ID number for the CFP from Form 8865 Item F2(b). See the instructions for line 1b(2) for more information about the requirements for the reference ID number.
You must attach an organizational chart that includes the following information with respect to the chain of ownership between the tax owner and the FDE and the chain of ownership between the FDE and all entities in which the FDE has a 10% or more direct or indirect interest:
The name and percentage of ownership of all entities in the chain of ownership, including partnerships and entities disregarded as separate from their owners.
The FDE's position in the chain of ownership.
The tax classification of all entities in the chain of ownership (see Form 8832 instructions for tax classification rules and related definitions).
The country under whose law each entity is organized.
For these purposes, the rules of section 958(a) (relating to “direct and indirect ownership”) apply.
Each filer of Form 8858 that is required to file an organizational chart with respect to more than one FDE may satisfy this requirement by filing a single organizational chart that includes the required information with respect to all FDEs.
Use Schedule C to report a summary income statement for the FDE computed in the FDE's functional currency in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Enter in the U.S. dollar column each line item functional currency amount translated into dollars using U.S. GAAP translation rules. If the FDE does not maintain U.S. GAAP income statements in U.S. dollars, you can use the average exchange rate as determined under section 989(b). The rate used should be the rate stated on line 7, Schedule H. If you choose to use the average exchange rate rather than the U.S. GAAP translation rules, check the box above line 1 on Schedule C.
Differences between this functional currency amount and the amount of taxes that reduce E&P (in the case of an FDE of a CFC) or are deductible in computing U.S. taxable income (in the case of an FDE of a U.S. person or a CFP) should be accounted for on line 2 or 3 of Schedule H.
Complete a separate Schedule C-1 for each recipient that has a functional currency that is different than the functional currency of the FDE. See section 987(3) for rules relating to branch remittances.
Use Schedule F to report a summary balance sheet for the FDE computed and translated into U.S. dollars in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
If the tax owner of the FDE is claiming a section 165 loss with respect to worthless stock or with respect to certain obligations, see Regulations section 1.6011-4 for information relating to a disclosure statement that must be attached to Form 8858 if certain requirements are met.
If the interest in the FDE is not treated as a separate unit or as part of a combined separate unit or the interest in the FDE is treated as a separate unit or as part of a combined separate unit but the separate unit or combined separate unit does not have a dual consolidated loss, check “No” to indicate that the question is not applicable. Otherwise, if you check “Yes” enter the amount of the dual consolidated loss and answer question 5a.
Subject to certain exceptions, a domestic use of a dual consolidated loss is not permitted (“domestic use limitation rule”). A domestic use is deemed to occur in the year the dual consolidated loss is included in the computation of the taxable income of a consolidated group, unaffiliated dual resident corporation or unaffiliated domestic owner, as applicable. See Reg. 1.1503(d)-2.
A domestic use of a dual consolidated loss is permitted if an exception to the domestic use limitation rule applies. See Reg. 1.1503(d)-6 for exceptions. For example, a domestic use election made pursuant to Reg. 1.1503(d)-6(d) is such an exception. If you check “Yes” you may need to include a domestic use election with your U.S. income tax return.
If a separate unit, as defined under Reg. 1.1503(d)-1(b)(4), incurs a dual consolidated loss after having contributed to consolidated taxable income of a group in prior years, the dual consolidated loss may be used to offset income of domestic affiliates in the year of the dual consolidated loss (limited by the amount of the separate unit’s prior contribution to the cumulative consolidated taxable income of the group (“cumulative register”)). See Reg. 1.1503(d)-4(c) and Reg. 1.1502-21(c).
Use Schedule H to report the FDE's current earnings and profits (E&P) (if the tax owner is a CFC) or taxable income (if the tax owner is a U.S. person or a CFP). Generally, enter the amounts on lines 1 through 6 in functional currency.
Capital gains and losses.
Depreciation, amortization, and depletion.
Investment or incentive allowance.
Charges to statutory reserves.
Inventory adjustments. Inventories must be taken into account according to the rules of sections 471 (incorporating the provisions of section 263A) and 472 and the related regulations.
Taxes. See the instructions for Schedule C, line 7.
In translating the amounts from functional currency to U.S. dollars, use the average exchange rate for the FDE's tax year. See section 989(b). Report the exchange rate in the entry space provided at the top of Schedule M (Form 8858) using the “divide-by convention” specified under Reporting Exchange Rates on Form 8858, earlier.
Every U.S. person that is required to file Schedule M (Form 8858) (see Who Must File, earlier) must file the schedule to report the transactions that occurred during the FDE's annual accounting period ending with or within the U.S. person's tax year.
If a U.S. corporation is the U.S. person filing Schedule M (Form 8858) and is a member of a consolidated group, list the common parent as the U.S. person filing Schedule M (Form 8858).
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