Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2007-17 

April 23, 2007 

T.D. 9320

United States Dollar Approximate Separate Transactions Method


DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
Internal Revenue Service
26 CFR Part 1

AGENCY:

Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION:

Final regulation.

SUMMARY:

This document contains final regulations which provide the translation rates that must be used when translating into dollars certain items and amounts transferred by a qualified business unit (QBU) to its home office or parent corporation for purposes of computing dollar approximate separate transactions method (DASTM) gain or loss. This regulation is necessary to provide guidance under section 985 regarding the proper translation rates that must be used under the DASTM method. Taxpayers affected by these regulations are taxpayers with QBUs required to use the DASTM method of accounting described in §1.985-3.

DATES:

Effective Date: This regulation is effective March 30, 2007.

Applicability Date: This regulation is applicable to any transfer, dividend, or distribution that is a return of capital that is made after March 8, 2005, and that gives rise to an adjustment under §1.985-3(d)(3).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Sheila Ramaswamy, at (202) 622-3870.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

On July 13, 2006, a notice of proposed rulemaking (REG-118897-06, 2006-31 I.R.B. 120), United States Dollar Approximate Separate Transactions Method, was published in the Federal Register (71 FR 39604). The notice of proposed rulemaking proposed to amend §1.985-3(d)(3). No requests for a public hearing were received, and no public hearing was held. The IRS received no comments in response to the notice of proposed rulemaking. The proposed regulation is adopted without change by this Treasury decision.

Explanation of Provisions

For taxable years beginning after August 24, 1994, a U.S. taxpayer’s QBU that would otherwise be required to use a hyperinflationary currency as its functional currency generally must use the dollar as its functional currency and must compute income or loss under the DASTM method of accounting described in §1.985-3. See §1.985-1(b)(2)(ii). Under the DASTM method of accounting, a QBU’s income or loss for a taxable year is computed in U.S. dollars and adjusted to account for its DASTM gain or loss. See §1.985-3(b). A QBU’s DASTM gain or loss for a taxable year is determined under §1.985-3(d) by first computing the QBU’s change in net worth from the prior year. In computing the QBU’s change in net worth, items whose dollar value fluctuates with changes in exchange rates are translated using the year-end exchange rate while items whose dollar value does not change with exchange rate fluctuations are translated using the exchange rate for the translation period in which the cost of the item was incurred. Specified adjustments are made to the QBU’s change in net worth. Under §1.985-3(d)(3), one of the adjustments requires adding back to the change in net worth transactions that decrease the QBU’s net worth without affecting the QBU’s income or loss including dividend distributions, certain transfers, and returns of capital from the QBU to its home office or parent corporation. This final regulation provides the translation rate to be used in translating these items into dollars for purposes of computing DASTM gain or loss.

Under §1.985-3(d)(3), the applicable translation rate to be used generally depends upon whether the dollar value of the item transferred changes with fluctuations in exchange rates. Accordingly, the regulation provides that if the item giving rise to the adjustment is an asset which would be translated under §1.985-3(d)(5) at the exchange rate for the last translation period of the taxable year if it were on the QBU’s year-end balance sheet, the item will be translated at the exchange rate on the date the item is transferred. However, if the item giving rise to the adjustment is an asset which would be translated under §1.985-3(d)(5) at the exchange rate for the translation period in which the cost of the item was incurred if it were on the QBU’s year-end balance sheet, the item will be translated at the same historical rate.

Special Analyses

It has been determined that this Treasury decision is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It has been determined that sections 553(b) and (d) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) do not apply to this regulation, and because this regulation does not impose a collection of information on small entities, the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, the notice of proposed rulemaking preceding this regulation was submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business.

Adoption of Amendment to the Regulations

Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is amended as follows:

PART 1—INCOME TAXES

Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read in part as follows:

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

Par. 2. Section 1.985-3 is amended by revising paragraph (d)(3) to read as follows:

§1.985-3 United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

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(d) * * *

(3) Positive adjustments—(i) In general. The items described in this paragraph (d)(3) are dividend distributions for the taxable year and any items that decrease net worth for the taxable year but that generally do not affect income or loss or earnings and profits (or a deficit in earnings and profits). Such items include a transfer to the home office of a QBU branch and a return of capital.

(ii) Translation. Except as provided by ruling or administrative pronouncement, items described in paragraph (d)(3)(i) of this section shall be translated into dollars as follows:

(A) If the item giving rise to the adjustment would be translated under paragraph (d)(5) of this section at the exchange rate for the last translation period of the taxable year if it were shown on the QBU’s year-end balance sheet, such item shall be translated at the exchange rate on the date the item is transferred.

(B) If the item giving rise to the adjustment would be translated under paragraph (d)(5) of this section at the exchange rate for the translation period in which the cost of the item was incurred if it were shown on the QBU’s year-end balance sheet, such item shall be translated at the same historical rate.

(iii) Effective date. Paragraph (d)(3)(ii) of this section is applicable for any transfer, dividend, or distribution that is a return of capital that is made after March 8, 2005, and that gives rise to an adjustment under this paragraph (d)(3).

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Kevin M. Brown,
Deputy Commissioner for
Services and Enforcement.

Approved March 20, 2007.

Eric Solomon,
Assistant Secretary
for Tax Policy.

Note

(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on March 29, 2007, 8:45 a.m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for March 30, 2007, 72 F.R. 15043)

Drafting Information

The principal author of this regulation is Sheila Ramaswamy, Office of Associate Chief Counsel (International). However, other personnel from the IRS and Treasury Department participated in their development.

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