Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2008-27 

July 7, 2008 

REG-149405-07

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking by Cross-Reference to Temporary Regulations and Notice of Public Hearing Alternative Simplified Credit Under Section 41(c)(5)


AGENCY:

Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION:

Notice of proposed rulemaking by cross-reference to temporary regulations and notice of public hearing.

SUMMARY:

In this issue of the Bulletin, the IRS is issuing temporary regulations (T.D. 9401) relating to the election and calculation of the alternative simplified credit under section 41(c)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code (ASC). The regulations implement changes to the credit for increasing research activities under section 41 made by the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 and will affect certain taxpayers claiming the section 41 credit. The text of those regulations also serves as the text of these proposed regulations. This document also provides notice of a public hearing on these proposed regulations.

DATES:

Written or electronic comments must be received by September 15, 2008. Outlines of topics to be discussed at the public hearing scheduled for September 25, 2008, must be received by September 4, 2008.

ADDRESSES:

Send submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-149405-07), room 5203, Internal Revenue Service, PO Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044. Submissions may be hand delivered Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-149405-07), Courier’s Desk, Internal Revenue Service, 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, or sent electronically via the Federal eRulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov (IRS REG-149405-07). The public hearing will be held in the IRS Auditorium, Internal Revenue Building, 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Concerning the proposed regulations, David Selig, (202) 622-3040; concerning submission of comments, the hearing, and/or to be placed on the building access list to attend the hearing, Regina Johnson, (202) 622-7180 (not toll-free numbers).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

Temporary regulations in this issue of the Bulletin amend the Income Tax Regulations (26 CFR Part 1) relating to section 41. The temporary regulations provide guidance concerning the election and calculation of the alternative simplified credit under section 41(c)(5). The text of those regulations also serves as the text of these proposed regulations. The preamble to the temporary regulations explains these proposed regulations.

Special Analyses

It has been determined that this notice of proposed rulemaking is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations. It is hereby certified that these regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Although a substantial number of small entities may make an election under these regulations, any economic impact is minimal because an election under these regulations generally will simplify the calculation of the credit and may result in a benefit to the taxpayer. Accordingly, a regulatory flexibility analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) is not required. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, these regulations will be submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact on small business.

Comments and Public Hearing

Before these proposed regulations are adopted as final regulations, consideration will be given to any written comments (a signed original and eight (8) copies) or electronic comments that are submitted timely to the IRS. All comments will be available for public inspection and copying. The IRS and the Treasury Department invite taxpayers to submit comments on the proposed regulations and issues relating to the election and calculation of the ASC under section 41(c)(5). In particular, the IRS and the Treasury Department encourage taxpayers to submit comments on the following issues:

Should the regulations allow a controlled group to make an election to use the ASC both for computation of the group credit and computation of every member’s stand-alone entity credit, even if the ASC does not provide the greatest stand-alone entity credit?

If so, how should that election be made and by whom?

What relief should be made available to taxpayers that have used methodologies inconsistent with the short taxable year rules provided in these regulations on tax returns filed after the effective date of section 41(c)(5) and prior to the publication of these regulations?

A public hearing has been scheduled for September 25, 2008, at 10 a.m. in the IRS Auditorium, Internal Revenue Building, 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC. Due to building security procedures, visitors must enter at the Constitution Avenue entrance. In addition, all visitors must present photo identification to enter the building. Because of access restrictions, visitors will not be admitted beyond the immediate entrance area more than 30 minutes before the hearing starts. For information about having your name placed on the building access list to attend the hearing, see the “FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT” section of this preamble.

The rules of 26 CFR 601.601(a)(3) apply to the hearing. Persons who wish to present oral comments at the hearing must submit electronic or written comments by September 15, 2008, and an outline of the topics to be discussed and the time to be devoted to each topic (a signed original and eight (8) copies) by September 4, 2008. A period of 10 minutes will be allotted to each person for making comments. An agenda showing the scheduling of the speakers will be prepared after the deadline for receiving outlines has passed. Copies of the agenda will be available free of charge at the hearing.

Proposed Amendments to the Regulations

Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is proposed to be amended as follows:

PART 1—INCOME TAXES

Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 is amended by adding entries in numerical order to read in part as follows:

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

Section 1.41-8 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 41(c)(4)(B);

Section 1.41-9 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 41(c)(5)(C); * * *

Par. 2. Section 1.41-6 is amended by revising paragraphs (b)(1), (c)(2), (e) and (j) to read as follows:

§1.41-6 Aggregation of expenditures.

* * * * *

(b)(1) [The text of the proposed amendment to §1.41-6(b)(1) is the same as the text of §1.41-6T(b)(1) published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin.]

(c) * * *

(2) [The text of the proposed amendment to §1.41-6(c)(2) is the same as the text of §1.41-6T(c)(2) published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin].

* * * * *

(e) [The text of the proposed amendment to §1.41-6(e) is the same as the text of §1.41-6T(e) published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin].

* * * * *

(j) [The text of the proposed amendment to §1.41-6(j) is the same as the text of §1.41-6T(j) published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin].

Par. 3. Section 1.41-8 is amended by revising paragraphs (b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(4) and (b)(5) to read as follows:

§1.41-8 Alternative incremental credit.

* * * * *

(b)(2) through (b)(5) [The text of proposed §1.41-8(b)(2) through (b)(5) is the same as the text of §1.41-8T(b)(2) through (b)(5) published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin.]

Par. 4. Section 1.41-9 is added to read as follows:

§1.41-9 Alternative simplified credit.

[The text of proposed §1.41-9 is the same as the text of §1.41-9T (a) through (d) published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin.]

Steven T. Miller,
Acting Deputy Commissioner for
Services and Enforcement.

Note

(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on June 13, 2008, 11:51 a.m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for June 17, 2008, 73 F.R. 34237)

Drafting Information

The principal author of these regulations is David Selig, Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Passthroughs and Special Industries). However, other personnel from the IRS and the Treasury Department participated in their development.

* * * * *


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