If you have deductible expenses that qualify as miscellaneous itemized deductions, you can deduct certain of those expenses only to the extent that they exceed 2% of your adjusted gross income. For an explanation of deductible and nondeductible expenses, refer to Publication 529, Miscellaneous Deductions.
There are three types of expenses that are subject to the 2% limit: unreimbursed employee expenses, tax preparation fees and certain other expenses.
Certain unreimbursed employee expenses are deductible as miscellaneous itemized deductions on Form 1040, Schedule A (PDF), Itemized Deductions, or Schedule A in Form 1040NR (PDF), U.S. Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return. To be deductible, the expense must be:
- Paid or incurred in the tax year
- For carrying on your trade or business of being an employee, and
- Ordinary and necessary
You can deduct other expenses subject to the 2% limit that you pay to:
- Produce or collect taxable income that must be included in your gross income,
- Manage, conserve, or maintain property held for producing such income, or
- Determine, contest, pay, or claim a refund of any tax.
You can deduct expenses you pay for the purposes in (1) and (2) above only if they are reasonable and closely related to these purposes.
For more information, refer to the Form 1040, Schedule A Instructions (PDF), and Publication 529, Miscellaneous Deductions. If you want information about work-related educational expenses, refer to Topic 513. For information on employee business expenses, refer to Topic 514. For information about miscellaneous deductions not subject to the 2% limit, refer to Publication 529.
Page Last Reviewed or Updated: January 14, 2015