Examples of Money Laundering Investigations - Fiscal Year 2014
The following examples of money laundering investigations are written from public record documents on file in the courts within the judicial district where the cases were prosecuted.
Man Sentenced For Cocaine Distribution & Money Laundering
On Sept. 3, 2014, in Wilmington, North Carolina, Larry Donnell Taylor, of Dunn, was sentenced to 240 months in prison and five years of supervised released. Taylor pleaded guilty on Jan. 2, 2013, for conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute 280 grams or more of cocaine base (crack) and 5 kilograms or more of cocaine and conspiracy to commit money laundering. According to court documents, from at least 2000 to October 2012, Taylor was an upper-level drug trafficker who received large quantities of cocaine and crack cocaine from several suppliers. Upon receiving the drugs, Taylor utilized several individuals to distribute his drugs throughout the Eastern District of North Carolina. It was also determined that between May 2008 and May 2011, Taylor used $106,994 in drug proceeds to purchase at least four vehicles. In order to conceal the source of the proceeds, Taylor recruited and directed the activities of his sister who purchased the Mercedes and Porsche on Taylor’s behalf and placed the vehicles in her name. The vehicles obtained were purchased with proceeds from Taylor's drug trafficking, and Taylor used the vehicles to transport and distribute illegal narcotics throughout the Eastern District of North Carolina.
Michigan Man Sentenced for Narcotics Trafficking
On Sept. 3, 2014, in Detroit, Michigan, Steven Duane Dent was sentenced to 240 months in prison and 10 years supervised release. Dent pleaded guilty to conspiracy to distribute cocaine. According to court documents, Dent was charged in March 2010, with conspiring with others to distribute at least 5 kilograms of cocaine and at least 100 grams of heroin. In addition to the narcotics charges, Dent was also charged with money laundering based on his purchase of 54 money orders using the proceeds of drug sales. These purchases totaled more than $98,000. Dent was charged with conducting these transactions in an effort to conceal and disguise the true nature of the funds and in a manner that would avoid the transaction reporting requirements under federal law.
Investment Company Owner Sentenced for Wire Fraud and Money Laundering
On Aug. 28, 2014, in Cincinnati, Ohio, Glen Galemmo was sentenced to 188 months in prison and forfeited three pieces of real estate, the contents of bank and investment accounts and five vehicles. The government also is asking the court to order that Galemmo forfeit more than $5 million in cash and investments, including some cash and investments that Galemmo transferred to his wife in an attempt to avoid the government seizing the assets. Galemmo pleaded guilty to wire fraud and money laundering. According to court documents, Galemmo operated a “Ponzi scheme” using money from new investors to pay off earlier investors. Galemmo received money from individual investors, trusts, charitable organizations, and retirement accounts. The majority of these funds were never invested in anything. Galemmo used the investor accounts as his personal bank, paying country club fees, taking luxurious vacations and buying real estate, clothing and jewelry. Galemmo sent fraudulent monthly statements to investors. Investigators identified approximately 140 victims of Galemmo’s scheme.
Man Sentenced for Making and Selling Bootlegged DVDs and CDs
On Aug. 27, 2014, in Hartford, Connecticut, John W. Rice, of Windsor, was sentenced to 18 months in prison, three years of supervised release. In addition, Rice forfeited $48,195 seized from his bank account, a 2005 Chevrolet Corvette and a 2012 BMW 650i. On April 25, 2014, Rice pleaded guilty to one count of criminal copyright infringement and one count of money laundering. According to court documents, between 2000 and 2013, doing business as “Dr. Jay’s Entertainment,” Rice manufactured copies of motion pictures, television shows, and music that were copyrighted works, using recordable blank DVDs and CDs. Rice displayed and sold the bootlegged merchandise in a variety of locations and advertised and sold the materials over the internet. A total of 8,913 DVDs and 11,410 CDs were seized from Rice and Dr. Jay’s Entertainment. Rice also structured cash deposits into his bank account. In November 2012, Rice withdrew from his account $39,237 in cash derived from his criminal activity in order to purchase a cashier’s check payable to BMW of West Springfield.
Defendant Sentenced for Conspiring to Launder Money
On Aug. 25, 2014, in Boise, Idaho, Troy Palmer was sentenced to 40 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Palmer pleaded guilty to conspiring to launder money on Feb. 10, 2014. According to court documents, Palmer and three co-conspirators conspired to purchase and import chemicals from China which they used to treat innocuous plant matter to make spiceCa synthetic. Palmer knowingly entered into a conspiracy with co-conspirators to conduct financial transactions in connection with a “spice” manufacturing and distribution business beginning in March 2011. Palmer participated and assisted in the financial activity of the business by engaging in bank and other financial transactions, through both domestic and foreign financial institutions. The transactions consisted of the proceeds of prior illegal spice sales and other specified unlawful activity.
Captured Fugitive Sentenced for Laundering Mortgage Fraud Proceeds
On Aug. 21, 2014, in Dallas, Texas, Hong Jae Kim, aka “Randy Kim,” was sentenced 120 months in prison and ordered to pay $1,795,125 in restitution. Kim was charged in February 2013 with one count of conspiracy to engage in monetary transactions in property derived from specified unlawful activity. Kim agreed to plead guilty, but failed to appear at the arraignment. Kim fled Texas but was later arrested and pleaded guilty in July 2013. According to court documents, Kim, David Joe Cano and others conspired in the scheme. Cano was a mortgage loan officer at 1st Capital Investment located in Richardson, Texas. From January 2006 to November 2007, Kim, Cano, and other co-conspirators, operated a scheme to obtain fraudulent loans from numerous banks and mortgage lending companies. Kim, Cano and their co-conspirators then laundered the money from those loans back to themselves using shell corporations. Kim, Cano and others recruited individuals with good credit scores to act as loan applicants for the purchase of properties and paid them to apply for loans using applications that falsely inflated the applicant’s income and assets. The applicants were deceitfully promised that the properties would be leased until they were sold at a profit. In reality, the applicants were left with unpaid loans that ruined their credit scores. Cano was sentenced in November 2013 to 87 months in prison and ordered to pay nearly $1.8 million in restitution.
Three Texas Men Sentenced for Money Laundering, Drug Charges
On Aug. 20, 2014, in Laredo, Texas, Juan Artemio Trevino, of Houston, Texas, was sentenced to 28 months in prison and three years of supervised release. On Aug. 13, 2014, Juan Antonio Elizondo and Ernesto Jimenez, both of Laredo, were sentenced to 144 months and 84 months in prison, respectively, as well as five years of supervised release and 150 hours of community service each. All three were sentenced for money laundering and possession with intent to distribute. According to court documents, the men were part of an organized crime drug enforcement task force operation that took place in July 2013 in Laredo, Houston and Dallas, Texas. As members of this drug trafficking organization, the defendants engaged in a conspiracy to distribute drugs from the Laredo area. In conjunction with the drug conspiracy, the organization was involved in a money laundering conspiracy where large sums of money were transported from points of drug distribution to Laredo and Mexico.
Drug Ring Leader Sentenced to Prison
On Aug. 19, 2014 in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, George M. Lowmaster, of Carrolltown, was sentenced to 240 months in prison and 10 years supervised release. Lowmaster was also ordered to forfeit six pieces of real estate, three vehicles and $691,082 to the United States. Lowmaster was convicted of violating various federal narcotics laws. According to court documents, from Sept. 30, 2010, to May 9, 2011, Lowmaster conspired to manufacture and distribute more than 1,000 marijuana plants. From March 2008, to May 9, 2011, he conspired to commit money laundering to hide the proceeds from the sale of his organization's drug distribution. Also, on July 23, 2008, and Aug. 21, 2010, he distributed less than 500 grams of cocaine on each occasion.
Louisiana Man Sentenced for Scheme to Defraud PayPal
On Aug. 19, 2014, in New Orleans, Louisiana, Giray Biyiklioglu, a/k/a “Johnny Bryan,” a Turkish national and resident of New Orleans, was sentenced to 192 months in prison. Biyiklioglu was also ordered to pay restitution of $324,551 and to forfeit fraud proceeds, including a Ducati motorcycle, a Kawasaki jet-ski, and more than $85,919 in U.S. currency. Biyiklioglu was found guilty by jury trial on Oct. 31, 2013 of wire fraud, aggravated identity theft, tax evasion and money laundering. According to court documents and proceedings, Biyiklioglu devised a scheme to defraud PayPal, Inc. using PayPal accounts he had fraudulently set up in the names of other persons. Biyiklioglu used personal information of six victims in furtherance of his wire fraud scheme. Biyiklioglu was also found guilty of tax evasion for his 2010 and 2011 individual income taxes. Biyiklioglu attempted to conceal the fraud proceeds by wiring funds to Turkish banks, as well as his purchases of the motorcycles and jet-ski.
California Man Sentenced In Tennessee for Scheme to Defraud Nissan
On Aug. 15, 2014, in Nashville, Tennessee, Bruce Young of Compton, California was sentenced to 15 months in prison and ordered to pay $78,000 in restitution. Young pleaded guilty to a money laundering scheme targeting Nissan. According to court documents, the scheme originated from Kenneth Carter, a former Nissan employee who was an “arbitration specialist.” As an arbitration specialist, Carter negotiated with attorneys who brought claims on behalf of Nissan owners, alleging that Nissan had violated “Lemon Laws” or the “Federal Warranty Act.” Between March 2007 and April 2008, Young, along with Carter and four other defendants, engaged in a scheme to defraud Nissan by filing false Lemon Law claims on behalf of individuals who owned Nissan vehicles. Young and others directed the Nissan owners to deposit the checks into their bank accounts or to cash the checks and then “kick-back” a portion of the funds received from Nissan. A portion of the funds were then paid to Carter, and the remaining funds were kept by Young and others. Young is the fifth to be sentenced. The remaining defendant, Kenneth Carter, is scheduled to be sentenced.
Tennessee Man Sentenced in $18 million Ponzi Scheme
On Aug. 15, 2014, in Nashville, Tennessee, Terry Kretz, of Gallatin, was sentenced to 168 months in prison, three years supervised release and ordered to pay $14,784,983 in restitution. Kretz, the former CEO of Hanover Corporation, previously pleaded guilty to securities fraud, mail fraud, money laundering, and conspiracy to commit securities fraud, wire fraud and mail fraud. According to court documents, Kretz carried out the scheme along with two other defendants, both of whom have also pleaded guilty: Daryl Bornstein, a Hanover salesman from Kingston Springs, Tennessee, and Robert Haley, Hanover’s chief financial officer and a Lebanon, Tennessee, resident. The scheme was carried out from January 2004 through August 2006. During that period, Kretz offered clients the opportunity to invest in Hanover through promissory notes bearing high interest rates. Kretz told clients that their money would be used for specific purposes, such as investing in stock options and startup companies. However, more than half the money invested in Hanover went to repay earlier investors, to pay Hanover’s salaries and overhead, or to benefit him or other defendants personally. Kretz and Bornstein also issued Hanover promissory notes to reimburse investors who had previously lost money investing in ventures recommended by Bornstein before he joined Hanover. In some cases, these old investors contributed new money to Hanover, while in other cases, they invested nothing. In both cases, money from new investors in Hanover was used to make payments on promissory notes issued to cover non-Hanover losses without the Hanover investors’ knowledge.
Two Men Sentenced for Money Laundering Activities Involving Stolen Identity Tax Refunds
On Aug. 15, 2014, in Miami, Florida, Steven Toussaint, and Emmanuel Marvin Alphonse, both of Miami, were sentenced to 46 months and 37 months in prison, respectively, followed by three years of supervised release. Each defendant previously pleaded guilty to one count of money laundering. According to court documents, from Jan. 1, 2011 through July 29, 2011, the defendants engaged in money laundering activities involving the cashing of money orders funded with fraudulent, stolen identity tax refunds. Both Toussaint and Alphonse had their own check cashing accounts at the Cash-A-Check check-cashing store. Toussaint cashed 985 money orders, totaling $490,401, using his own Cash-A-Check account. Alphonse cashed 581 money orders, totaling $286,995, using his own Cash-A-Check account. The defendants knew that the money orders were funded by unlawful activity, and knowingly conducted the transactions on behalf of third-parties for the purpose of concealing and disguising the nature and source of the unlawful proceeds in exchange for a portion of the funds involved in each transaction.
Missouri Man Sentenced for Money Laundering and Drug Conspiracy
On Aug. 11, 2014, in Springfield, Missouri, Michael J. Saguto, of Kirbyville, was sentenced to 84 months in prison and ordered to forfeit $1,354,034 jointly with his co-defendants. Saguto pleaded guilty on March 20, 2014, to conspiracy to commit mail fraud and conspiracy to commit money laundering. According to court documents, between March 1, 2011, and June 24, 2013, Saguto conspired with others to defraud the Food and Drug Administration and the public by falsely representing that a number of synthetic cannabinoid products were "incense" or "potpourri" and "not for human consumption." In reality, Saguto admitted, these substances contained compounds that were intended for human consumption as a drug. Saguto also admitted that he and another individual conducted financial transactions that involved the proceeds of the unlawful mail fraud conspiracy. They conspired to wire funds to the People's Republic of China in order to carry out the conspiracy.
Pill-Mill Doctor Sentenced to Prison
On Aug. 8, 2014, in Savannah, Georgia, Dr. Najam Azmat, of Waycross, was sentenced to 132 month in prison. On Jan. 17, 2014, Azmat was found guilty of conspiracy to dispense oxycodone and other drugs without legitimate medical purpose, dispensing without legitimate medical purpose and conspiracy to launder money. According to court documents, Azmat worked at East Health Center from February 21 to March 18, 2011. During that time, he wrote prescriptions for 196 patients, 96% of whom received prescriptions for oxycodone. Other co-defendants related to the phony pain clinic operation have also been sentenced receiving prison terms from 13 months to 54 months in prison.
Seven Sentenced to Prison in Multi-Million Dollar Mortgage Fraud Scheme
On July 29, 2014, in Houston, Texas, the final two defendants in a multi-million dollar mortgage fraud scheme operating in the Houston area were sentenced to prison. Din Chaney and Lisa Lipton admitted to participating in a conspiracy to commit bank, mail and wire fraud as did Catherine Sanoubane, Jose Batista, Dennis Hannah, Nathaniel Gordon III and Shawn Lewis Washington. All were convicted of the conspiracy. Chaney, Sanoubane, Hannah and Gordon also admitted to conspiracy to commit money laundering. Chaney was sentenced to 36 months in prison and Lipton received a sentence of 52 months. Lipton and Chaney were also ordered to pay $3,499,129 and $4,551,917 in restitution, respectively. The scheme involved the recruitment of straw borrowers to purchase residential properties at an inflated value. Financing was obtained from various lenders who were provided false and fraudulent information meant to induce them to fund the loans. The defendants arranged to be compensated with a portion of the loan proceeds. Ultimately, the loans fell into default which resulted in a substantial loss to the lenders. Sanoubane, Lipton, Chaney and Gordon were all licensed loan officers in the State of Texas engaged in mortgage lending during the commission of the fraud. In addition, Lipton was also a licensed mortgage broker doing business as TWMC Inc. Sanoubane, Hannah, Gordon, Washington and Batista were all sentenced earlier this year to respective terms of 115, 46, 24, 97 and six months in prison. All were also ordered to pay restitution in varying amounts ranging from more than $1.6 million to more than $6.3 million.
Pennsylvania Man Sentenced for Oxycodone Trafficking and Money Laundering
On July 25, 2014, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Jason Weitzner was sentenced to 120 months in prison and six years of supervised release. Weitzner previously pleaded guilty to conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute oxycodone and conspiracy to commit money laundering. According to court documents, Weitzner was the leader of a large oxycodone distribution ring. Weitzner procured fraudulent prescriptions from doctors in Florida, and then used runners to fly to Pittsburgh and fill these oxycodone prescriptions at various pharmacies in the metro Pittsburgh area. Weitzner then sold the obtained oxycodone pills to local Pittsburgh drug dealers.
Illinois Man Sentenced For Role in $1.25 Million Grant Fraud Scheme
On July 25, 2014, in Springfield, Illinois, Ronald Evans, Jr., husband of former Country Club Hills police chief Regina R. Evans, was sentenced to 12 months in federal prison, six months of home confinement, two years supervised release, and ordered to pay restitution of $917,194, jointly and severally, with his wife. Evans pleaded guilty on Aug. 1, 2013, to money laundering and wire fraud. His wife, Regina Evans, pleaded guilty to fraud and was sentenced on May 1, 2014, to five years in prison and ordered to pay restitution. In a separate case, Regina Evans also pleaded guilty and was sentenced for obstruction of justice, witness tampering and conspiracy to obstruct justice and witness tampering. According to court documents a $1,250,000 state grant was awarded to Ron and Regina Evans on behalf of We Are Our Brother’s Keeper, a not-for-profit program owned and operated by the couple. The grant money was misused for the couple’s personal benefit, their family members, friends, and associates, and for repayment of debts, and little, if any, of the training proposed in the grant agreement was ever completed. The grant agreement provided for an estimated 40 participants to receive bricklaying and electrical pre-apprenticeship training and GED preparation, at the Regal Theater, another entity owned by the couple.
California Man Sentenced for Structuring Cash Deposits
On July 21, 2014, in Bakersfield, California, Miguel Antonio Ruiz Jaramillo was sentenced to 12 months in prison and ordered to pay $91,527 in unpaid federal taxes. According to court documents, from January 2010 through July 2012, Jaramillo cashed more than fifty checks in amounts of $10,000 or less at a bank located in Bakersfield, totaling more than $420,000. Jaramillo had the checks cashed in this manner to prevent, or attempt to prevent, the bank from filing a currency transaction report on those transactions. He did not want a report filed because for the years 2010 and 2011, he did not declare the structured cash transactions as income on his federal tax returns.
Former Tennessee Department of Transportation Contract Employee Sentenced
On July 15, 2014, in Nashville, Tennessee, Michael W. Young, formerly of Nashville, and currently residing in Clermont, Florida, was sentenced to 24 months in prison and ordered to pay $221,690 in restitution. Young previously pleaded guilty to theft from a federally funded program and engaging in a monetary transaction with criminal proceeds. According to court documents, Young was employed from 2004 until 2012 as a contract agent for Tennessee and was responsible for purchasing property rights-of-way for road expansions for the Tennessee Department of Transportation (TDOT), with funding provided by the United States. After the property owner agreed to sell the rights-of-way, TDOT issued checks to Young to complete the purchase but instead, Young admitted that he used the funds for his own personal and business expenses. Young diverted these TDOT funds from 2004 until 2012, when an audit disclosed the thefts. Young concealed and covered the shortages of cash needed for property purchases with new funds later provided by TDOT that were intended for subsequent transactions, in the fashion of a typical “Ponzi” scheme.
Former Texas Sheriff Sentenced for Money Laundering
On July 17, 2014, in McAllen, Texas, Guadalupe Trevino, aka Lupe Trevino, of McAllen, was sentenced to 60 months in prison, two years of supervised release and ordered to pay a $60,000 fine. Trevino, the former sheriff of Hidalgo County, pleaded guilty on April 14, 2014, to conspiracy to commit money laundering. According to court documents, during 2011 and 2012, Trevino received cash contributions for his election campaign from an alleged drug trafficker. Trevino admitted he accepted the money, knowing it was from illegal activities. Trevino also admitted he accepted the monies directly and through others as donations to assist with his 2012 election campaign. Some of the monies received were subsequently deposited into bank accounts Trevino controlled and were comingled with other funds. During and after the transactions, Trevino and others acted to disguise and conceal the nature, location, source, ownership and control of the currency by filing false Candidate/Officeholder Campaign Finance Reports and producing other documents.
Co-Conspirators Sentenced for Roles in Advance-Fee Scheme
On July 17, 2014, in Boston, Massachusetts, John Condo, formerly of Clearwater, Florida, was sentenced to 90 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Condo previously pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit wire fraud and 14 counts of wire fraud. According to court documents, between 2007 and 2011, Condo and co-conspirators, Frank Barecich, Michael Zanetti and Evripides Georgiadis, participated in a conspiracy to defraud developers who were seeking financing for large-scale alternative energy and commercial projects by pretending to be representatives of a multi-billion dollar fund located in Luxembourg. The co-conspirators convinced developers to give deposits in amounts between $300,000 and $1 million to this fake fund with the promise that the deposit would be fully refundable. The co-conspirators spent the developers' deposit money, and the fake fund never financed any projects. In perpetrating this scheme, the co-conspirators continually reassured developers about the safety of their deposits even as the deposits were being spent. Through the scheme, over $7 million was stolen from victims. Those previously sentenced include:
• Michael Zanetti – sentenced to 37 months in prison and three years of supervised release.
• Frank Barecich - sentenced to 12 months in prison and three years of supervised release.
Evripides Georgiadis is awaiting sentencing.
Second of Four Spice Conspirators Sentenced
On July 10, 2014, in Boise, Idaho, Robert Eoff was sentenced to 26 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Eoff and three co-conspirators were indicted for conspiring to purchase and import from China chemicals, which they used to treat innocuous plant matter to make spiceCa synthetic cannabinoid and conspiring to launder money illegally obtained through spice manufacturing and distribution. According to court documents, beginning in March 2011, Eoff entered into a conspiracy with co-conspirators to conduct financial transactions in connection with a “spice” manufacturing and distribution business. Eoff participated and assisted in the financial activity of the business by engaging in bank and other financial transactions, through both domestic and foreign financial institutions. The transactions consisted of the proceeds of prior illegal spice sales and other specified unlawful activity.
Leader of Heroin and Cocaine Drug Ring Sentenced to Prison
On July 10, 2014, in Birmingham, Alabama, Billy Williams, Jr., was sentenced to 262 months in prison for his role in leading one of Birmingham’s largest heroin and cocaine trafficking rings. Williams pleaded guilty in December 2013 to participating in the drug-trafficking conspiracy and to various other drug charges and money laundering. The investigation focused on Williams, a large-scale heroin and cocaine distributor, and his network of operators. The investigation culminated in the January 25, 2013, arrest of Sammuel Dewayne Gulley, a key member of Williams’ organization, who was arrested in possession of two kilograms of nearly pure heroin following a high-speed chase. Later that night, agents seized over one and a half kilograms of cocaine from a home associated with Williams and Gulley. During his arrest in late May 2013, Williams threw over $60,000 in cash out of the window of his 12th floor condo. From the condo, agents recovered over $166,000 in cash and over $177,000 in jewelry and other valuables. Also sentenced were Abe Johnson, who received a 54 -month sentence; Marion Reyonlds, Jr., who was sentenced to 48 months; Walter Johnson, who was sentenced to 42 months in federal prison; Deandre Murrell, who was sentenced to a 240 month prison term; Sammuel Gulley, who was sentenced to 120 months in prison; Grady Jenkins who received a 37-month sentence and Vernon Mcadory, who was sentenced to six months custody and six months home confinement. Prentice Tanniehill, was sentenced to 4 months in prison for his role in assisting Williams in laundering money and for causing false IRS forms to be filed. The prosecution led to the forfeiture of large amounts of cash, three vehicles valued at over $200,000, and eight money judgments of $5 million were levied against the defendants.
Former New Orleans Mayor Sentenced for Conspiracy, Bribery, Honest Services Wire Fraud, Money Laundering and Tax Violations
On July 9, 2014, in New Orleans, Louisiana, C. Ray Nagin, a resident of Frisco, Texas, was sentenced to 120 months in prison, ordered to pay $84,264 in restitution to the IRS and forfeit $501,200. On Feb. 12, 2014, Nagin was found guilty by jury trial of conspiracy, bribery, honest services wire fraud, money laundering and tax violations. According to court documents, beginning around June 2004, and continuing until around Jan. 18, 2013, Nagin, a former mayor of New Orleans, defrauded the City of New Orleans and its citizens of his honest services through a bribery and kickback scheme. Nagin used his public office and his official capacity to provide favorable treatment to businesses and individuals providing him with bribery and kickback payoffs. In addition, Nagin filed income tax returns for the years 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008, where he knowingly reported false incomes for those tax years.
Former South Carolina Pastor Sentenced
On July 9, 2014, in Florence, South Carolina, Archie Larue Evans was sentenced 84 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay $3,763,339 in restitution for mail fraud, conspiracy to structure transactions with a financial institution and money laundering. Evidence presented at the sentencing hearing established that Evans was the pastor of a church located in Conway, South Carolina and also owned Gold & Silver, LLC. Beginning in 2004, members of the church congregation and others entered into investment contracts with Evans and Gold & Silver, LLC, which guaranteed the investors higher interest payments than the rate being paid by financial institutions. From January 2009 to October 2011, Evans was involved in a Ponzi scheme and hid the fact that he had lost or spent the money invested with him by paying investors what he claimed to be their earned interest payments using funds he received from new investors. Evans continued to collect money from investors and caused losses of more than $2,500,000. From May 2010 until October 2011, Evans was also involved in a conspiracy with others to structure currency deposits with two banks so that Evans’ conspirators’ income would not be reported.
Man Sentenced to Prison for Laundering More Than $1.5 Million in Scheme to Steal Waste Vegetable Oil
On July 8, 2014, in Baltimore, Maryland, Anthony Jean-Claude, of Odenton, Maryland was sentenced to 18 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay restitution and forfeiture of $1,586,747. Jean-Claude pleaded guilty to laundering over $1.5 million in connection with a scheme to steal waste vegetable oil. According to his plea agreement, from May through October 2010, Jean-Claude and a friend stole waste vegetable oil from restaurants in Maryland and Virginia, stored the stolen oil at a warehouse and then sold the oil to out-of-state oil companies. The proceeds of these transactions were directed back to Jean-Claude through a bank account in the name of Rafxcel Services, held by Jean-Claude and another individual. From January 5, 2012 through October 1, 2012, approximately $1,586,747 was deposited in the Rafxcel account for the sale of waste vegetable oil to companies in Maryland, Pennsylvania and elsewhere. The operations manager at the facility received checks from Jean-Claude in the name of the manager’s wife, which were drawn on the Rafxcel business account. Jean-Claude directed the manager to cash the checks, use a portion of the cash for the operations of the facility, and give the remainder of the cash back to Jean-Claude.
California Man Sentenced on Narcotics Conspiracy and Money Laundering Charges
On July 2, 2014, in Concord, New Hampshire, Jon Hagstrom, of North Hollywood, California, was sentenced to 126 months in prison and ordered to forfeit $90,000 in property to the United States. Hagstrom previously pleaded guilty to conspiracy to distribute more than 5 kilograms of cocaine and more than 1000 kilograms of marijuana, conspiracy to commit money laundering and aiding and abetting the possession of more than 5 kilograms of cocaine with the intent to distribute. According to court documents, Hagstrom participated in a narcotics conspiracy and was the source of more than 150 kilograms of cocaine. Hagstrom worked with other co-conspirators to coordinate the transport of the cocaine from California to New England. On each occasion, the Hagstrom directed couriers to transport approximately 25 to 50 kilograms of cocaine. Hagstrom also directed the couriers to pick up millions of dollars in marijuana drug proceeds and transport those drug proceeds back to him in California. Hagstrom also used private jets to pick up illegal marijuana drug proceeds.
Maine Woman Sentenced on Immigration, Money Laundering and Tax Charges
On July 1, 2014, in Bangor, Maine, Mei Ya Zhang, of Waterville, was sentenced to 15 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay more than $88,000 in restitution to the IRS. On June 5, 2013, Zhang pleaded guilty to harboring undocumented aliens for commercial advantage and private financial gain, money laundering conspiracy, and conspiracy to file false employer's quarterly federal tax returns. According to court records, between 2006 and 2011, Zhang was the manager of a Chinese buffet restaurant that brought undocumented aliens into Maine to work. Among other actions, Zhang paid the undocumented aliens under the table with cash generated illegally by their employment. Zhang filed numerous false quarterly employment tax returns in which the undocumented aliens were not disclosed and employment taxes were not properly withheld or paid.
Former Michigan Assistant County Executive Sentenced for Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Fraud
On July 1, 2014, in Detroit, Michigan, Michael Grundy was sentenced to 90 months in prison and ordered to forfeit real property, a 2011 Jeep Wrangler, and $7,755 in currency. Grundy pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit honest services fraud in connection with his position as executive director of a health care service. According to court documents, Grundy admitted that he had the accountant of his health care firm wire transfer $400,000 to a company called Medtrix. Grundy falsely said the payment was made for an existing contract to develop and implement an electronic medical records (“EMR”) system for medical providers. Medtrix owner and co-conspirator admitted that he kicked back substantial portions of those payments to Grundy.
Maryland Business Owner Sentenced For Wire Fraud and Money Laundering
On July 1, 2014, in Baltimore, Maryland, John Tadros, of Baltimore, was sentenced to 58 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay restitution of $400,000 for wire fraud conspiracy and money laundering. Tadros owned Busy Bees Convenience Mart and J&J’s Bar and Liquor located in Baltimore. According to his plea agreement, from January 2009 to February 2013, Tadros directed others, known as “boosters,” to steal merchandise from large retail stores. The boosters then returned the stolen items in exchange for store gift cards. They used modified Maryland driver’s licenses that contained the personal identifier information of actual persons, without those persons’ knowledge, when returning the stolen items without a receipt. Tadros bought the fraudulently obtained gift cards from the boosters for 50 percent of the card’s value. Tadros told the boosters to target specific stores at specific locations, and advised them of the best days to steal merchandise and the manner by which they modified their Maryland driver’s licenses. Tadros also collected the welfare benefit debit cards of the boosters which he held as collateral if he deemed that the boosters owed him money, and returned the benefit cards to the boosters for 50 percent of the card’s value. Tadros used the gift cards to purchase personal home goods, and supplies for his businesses and rental properties.
Two Mississippi Residents Sentenced For Laundering Drug Money
In June 27, 2014, in Jackson, Mississippi, Lornell Von Moore, and Patrina Bester Hayes, both of Paulding, were sentenced for conspiracy to launder drug money. Moore was sentenced to 178 months in prison and three years of supervised release. He is currently serving nine years in federal prison for narcotics distribution. Hayes was sentenced to 100 months in federal prison and three years of supervised release. The defendants were ordered to forfeit, jointly and severally, $1 million. According to court documents, Moore garnered over $2 million in drug profits in a two year period beginning in 2008. Moore and Hayes operated LVM Trucking and washed millions of dollars of drug profits through the trucking company’s bank accounts as well as their private bank accounts. As a result of the investigation, a large amount of property associated with the money laundering conspiracy was seized. The property included vehicles, tractors, trailers, houses and firearms.
Georgia Man Sentenced for Investment Fraud Scheme
On June 25, 2014, in Peoria, Illinois, Kenneth Lewis of Augusta, Georgia and Cranford, New Jersey, was sentenced to 271 months in prison and ordered to pay $5,565,406 in restitution. Lewis was convicted of four counts of wire fraud and 11 counts of money laundering. According to court documents, beginning in the late 1990s, Lewis offered investors the ability to generate income through highly secretive overseas financial transactions. He obtained more than $5.5 million from victims to cover his living expenses while he was purportedly working on completing the details of non-existent transactions. Lewis told investors that he had been living in Zurich, Switzerland for seven years working on the transaction, when, in fact, he was living in a hotel in New Jersey, where he was arrested in July 2012.
Oklahoma Man Sentenced in Drug-Related Money Laundering Conspiracy
On June 24, 2014, in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Moises Alberto Yanez, of Tulsa, was sentenced to 240 months in prison for conspiracy to commit money laundering. According to court documents, from June 2011 through November 2012, Yanez admitted to making rental payments on two properties in Tulsa that were rented for the purpose of storing and distributing marijuana and methamphetamine. Yanez also admitted to making the rental payments using money he received from selling marijuana and methamphetamine, which he and other conspirators received from California, Texas, and elsewhere.
Other defendants who have pleaded guilty and have been sentenced in this investigation on various drug-related offenses are:
• Oscar Fuentes-Diaz
• Terry Leon King
• Maicol Nunez-Guardado
• Jose Robles Arechiga
• Orlando Keane Jordan
• Jennifer Madison Ramirez
• Luis Sigala
• John Mark McGinley will be sentenced at a later date.
Yanez, Fuentes-Diaz, Nunez-Guardado, and Arechiga were also ordered to pay a joint criminal forfeiture money judgment in the amount of $117,000.
Arkansas Man Sentenced for Fraudulent Donation Scheme and Money Laundering
On June 23, 2014, in Fayetteville, Arkansas, James W. Bolt, of Rogers, was sentenced to 100 months in prison, three years supervised release and ordered to pay $2,564,082 in restitution and fines. Bolt pleaded guilty to wire fraud, mail fraud and money laundering. According to court documents, beginning in late 2010, Bolt, operating under the cloak of a company called Situs Cancer Research Center in Rogers, began a sophisticated fraud scheme using interstate wire transfers and mailings of fraudulent donation agreements to get unclaimed money and assets being held by the State of California. The fraudulent donation agreements had forged signatures, false notary stamps, and listed fictitious people. Once the assets were released by the State of California, Bolt had checks issued and wire transfers deposited into a Situs bank account which he controlled. He then used the money to purchase vehicles, airplanes, an office building, and a home. Bolt's various fraud schemes netted him over $2,500,000.00 from his victims, which included a holding company that managed 401k assets for retirement plans and the money in the estate of a deceased Nevada woman.
Two ‘Pill Mill’ Owners Sentenced for Drug and Money Laundering Charges
On June 19, 2014, in Atlanta, Georgia, Jason Cole Votrobek and Roland Rafael Castellanos, owners of the Atlanta Medical Group, were each sentenced to 180 months in prison. Both Votrobek and Castellanos were convicted on Mar. 26, 2014, on federal drug and money laundering charges for owning and operating a ‘pill mill’ pain clinic that served as a front for the mass distribution of addictive pain killers. According to court documents, Votrobek, of Vero Beach Florida, and Castellanos, of Hollywood, Florida, and another individual financed and operated the clinic. Votrobek and Castellanos worked to procure and distribute Oxycodone pills to addicts and distributors. They directed the clinic’s doctor to see as many patients as possible and to prescribe as many Oxycodone pills as possible in order to generate mass profits. The clinic engaged in unusual practices to maximize the number of patients seen. In 2011, the clinic was one of the ‘Top 15’ purchasers of Oxycodone in the nation. Votrobek and Castellanos established multiple bank accounts, many in third party names, to conceal the windfall profits.
Pennsylvania Man Sentenced for Role in Advance Fee Scheme
On June 16, 2014, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Shayne Fowler, of Scottsdale, Arizona, was sentenced to 21 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay 26,497,573 in restitution. Fowler previously pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud, wire fraud, money laundering and conspiracy to defraud the United States. According to court documents, Fowler acted as a right-hand man to Andrew Bogdanoff, the founder and chairman of Remington Financial Group (later renamed Remington Capital). Fowler participated in an advance fee fraud scheme that defrauded more than 800 victims out of more than $10,000,000. Between 2005 and 2011, Fowler, and his co-defendants, fraudulently induced hundreds of people to pay Remington fees in excess of $10,000 a piece, based on false representations that Remington had lenders and/or investors ready to provide financing for the victims’ commercial projects. After a customer paid Remington’s fee, Remington employees were instructed to find problems with the projects so that Remington could blame its failure to provide financing on the victim. On Mar. 27, 2014, Andrew Bogdanoff was sentenced to 220 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay $27,012,713 in restitution for his role in the scheme.
Man Sentenced for Laundering Monetary Proceeds from Sex Trafficking
On June 13, 2014 in Dallas, Texas, Duc Luu, a naturalized U.S. citizen from Vietnam, was sentenced to 168 months in prison for laundering monetary proceeds from sex trafficking. Luu was also ordered to pay $16,766 in restitution to the victim. Luu pleaded guilty in August 2013 to two counts of money laundering. Luu was indicted in August 2011, while he was living in Vietnam. According to documents filed in the case, Luu travelled to Vietnam on his U.S. passport, but shortly after his indictment, the U.S. initiated efforts to arrest and extradite him. Ultimately, the U.S. Department of State revoked Luu’s passport and Vietnam expelled him. Luu was then arrested and returned to Texas, where he made his initial appearance in court in September 2012. According to the factual resume, in October 2008, Luu caused $12,000 to be wire-transferred from a bank in Texas to a bank in Vietnam, knowing that the funds had been derived from sex trafficking. Again, in July 2009, Luu caused $26,000 to be wire-transferred from a bank in Texas to the same bank in Vietnam, knowing that these funds also were derived from sex trafficking. Luu was the sender and beneficiary of both wire transfers.
Defendant Sentenced in Procurement Fraud Case
On June 13, 2014, in Salt Lake City, Utah, David Young, of Hernando Beach, Florida, was sentenced to 42 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Young agreed to forfeit money from multiple bank accounts, 16 pieces of real property, money from the sale of a Hummer and boat, a Jaguar, 225 one-ounce American Eagle coins, and 175 one-ounce South African Gold Krugerrand coins. Young pleaded guilty to disclosure of procurement information and money laundering in connection with a procurement fraud case involving a military contract for services in Afghanistan. According to court documents, between March and June 2007, Young was deployed as an activated reservist in Afghanistan with the U.S. Army at the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force and acted as an official liaison for Afghan National Security Force Partnering. In this position, he was involved in supervising the transfer of greater responsibility for Afghanistan’s national security to the Afghans. During that time, a need arose to train the Afghan forces in weapons maintenance and property book management. A decision was made to solicit a pilot contract to meet that need. By virtue of his position, Young possessed confidential bid, proposal, and source selection information concerning this pilot contract. During the source selection process and before the contract was awarded, Young disclosed the government’s price estimate for the contract, source selection information, information detailing the competitor’s bid, and other sensitive and protected material to the owner and Chief Executive Officer of American International Security Corporation (AISC). The Army subsequently awarded the contract to AISC and Young received more than $9.4 million from the proceeds of the contract.
Business Owner Sentenced for Scheme to Steal State Funds
On June 3, 2014, in Jefferson City, Missouri, Robert L. Fine, II, of Lenexa, Kansas, was sentenced to 30 months in prison and ordered to pay a $50,000 fine. Fine has already paid $1,505,514 in restitution to the Petroleum Storage Tank Insurance Fund. On Nov. 12, 2013, Fine pleaded guilty to one count of mail fraud and one count of money laundering. According to court documents, Fine was the owner and sole employee of FINEnvironmental, Inc., a Missouri corporation that performed environmental services for property owners who used or operated a petroleum storage tank. In 1989, the Missouri General Assembly created the Petroleum Storage Tank Insurance Fund (PSTIF) in response to federal legislation requiring owners and operators of underground storage tanks to have the financial resources available to pay for cleanup of spills or leaks from their tanks. Fine utilized subcontractors to perform his environmental services, and those subcontractors submitted invoices to Fine for the work they performed. From August 2002 to February 2012, Fine created false invoices purporting to be from one of his subcontractors and inflated the amount of the invoices. Fine mailed the fraudulent invoices to the PSTIF for payment and, over a nearly 10-year period, obtained $924,236 in excess payments from the PSTIF. Fine also obtained additional funds from the PSTIF by fraudulently submitting invoices for an additional groundwater monitoring trip when only one was made, totaling $326,978.
Former Texas Bank Teller Sentenced for Money Laundering
On May 30, 2014, in Austin, Texas, Rigoberto Rodriguez was sentenced to 18 months in prison, three years of supervised released and ordered to pay $129,340 in restitution to the Travis County Credit Union. According to court documents, Rodriguez was employed by the Travis County Credit Union in Austin, Texas from August 2008 to January 2013. Starting on or about May 10, 2010 to Jan. 22, 2013, Rodriguez embezzled, or stole, cash totaling approximately $129,340 from the credit union. He did this by physically stealing cash from his assigned teller drawer at the credit union. To conceal the theft of cash and to maintain a balanced teller drawer, he conducted 223 transactions on the computer that falsely deducted funds from the accounts of seven credit union members. The transactions created by Rodriguez falsely indicated that the members were present in the credit union lobby making cash withdrawals from their respective accounts when actually the cash had been stolen or was about to be stolen by Rodriguez.
Administrator of Student Health Insurance for Virginia Tech Sentenced
On May 22, 2014, in Abingdon, Virginia, GM-Southwest Inc. and John Paul Gutschlag, the company’s CEO and former owner, were sentenced for conspiracy to violate the Racketeering Act and two counts of money laundering by engaging in monetary transactions involving property derived from wire and mail fraud. Gutschlag was sentenced to 18 months in prison and ordered to pay $1.2 million in restitution. According to court documents, GM-Southwest (GMS) was in the business of collecting health insurance premiums from students and universities, paying claims and providing reports related to the premium collection and claims payment both to the university and the carriers. The carriers, in turn, paid GM-Southwest a set commission or fee, typically a percentage of the gross premium collected. Beginning in 2005, Gutschlag and others devised a scheme to defraud colleges and universities by providing false and fraudulent claims reports and other misrepresentations designed to increase the income of GM-Southwest. They utilized a “claims modifier” to alter the claims numbers to produce an inflated dollar amount which overstated the claims paid and loss ratios, causing students and Virginia Tech to pay significantly higher premium costs. Gutschlag and GM-Southwest admitted to overstating the amount of claims paid on behalf of Virginia Tech by over $1 million from 2003 to 2004 through the 2009 to 2010 academic years. The plea agreement provides for restitution to Virginia Tech and the students in the amount of $1.2 million and forfeiture of an additional $1.2 million to the government. In a related matter, in July 2013, James Lane, of Botetourt, Virginia, reached an agreement with the United States for his role in the fraud. He has paid $250,000 to Virginia Tech as restitution for his conduct. Lane pleaded guilty to filing a false tax return for tax year 2008 and filing a false tax return for tax year 2009. Carolyn Beck, Gutschlag Sr.’s administrative assistant, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud, mail fraud and money laundering.
Former President of Guatemala Sentenced for Laundering Millions of Dollars Through United States Banks
On May 22, 2014, in Manhattan, New York, Alfonso Portillo, the former President of Guatemala, was sentenced to 70 months in prison and ordered to pay $2.5 million in forfeiture. On March 18, 2014, Portillo pleaded guilty to laundering millions of dollars through bank accounts located in the United States. According to court documents, from December 1999 through August 2002, while serving as President of Guatemala, Portillo received $2.5 million in bribery payments from the Government of Taiwan. Portillo received the payments in exchange for using his influence to have Guatemala continue to recognize Taiwan diplomatically. Knowing that the $2.5 million was the proceeds of illegal payments from Taiwan, Portillo conspired with others to launder the $2.5 million through bank accounts located in the United States. Portillo and others carried the illegally obtained funds from Guatemala to the United States and then deposited the funds into the United States bank accounts. Portillo designed the transactions to conceal and disguise the source and ownership of the money. Some of the funds were further laundered through financial institutions in Luxembourg and Switzerland, among other places.
California Man Sentenced for Cash Smuggling
On May 13, 2014, in Greensboro, North Carolina, Adolfo Pulido was sentenced to 50 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay a special assessment of $100. Pulido pleaded guilty to bulk cash smuggling. According to court documents, Pulido traveled to Asheboro, North Carolina, with the intent to transport over $1.5 million in cash back to California and then to Mexico without reporting the movement of the cash across the Mexican border as required by federal law. Cash in the amount of $1,567,576 was seized from Pulido during the investigation.
Illinois Man Sentenced for Selling Peptides, HGH from China over the Internet
On May 12, 2014, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Ronald J. DeFranco, of Norridge, Illinois, was sentenced to 27 months in prison and three years of supervised release. DeFranco previously pleaded guilty to mail fraud, distribution of human growth hormone and money laundering. According to court documents, DeFranco maintained a website for the illegal distribution of peptides (chemical compounds which require a prescription for dispensation, but which are illegitimately sought by body builders for muscle enhancement). DeFranco deceived the Internet service provider and the FDA by falsely representing on the website that he was selling these substances for research purposes only rather than for human consumption. In addition to sales of peptides, DeFranco also allegedly sold human growth hormone (HGH) without the required physician's prescriptions. During the period from May 2010, until January 2011, DeFranco allegedly paid $94,777 in Western Union and bank wire transfers to acquire these substances from suppliers in the People’s Republic of China.
Michigan Teacher Sentenced for Money Laundering
On May 6, 2014, in Detroit, Michigan, Domonique Campbell was sentenced to 36 months in prison. Campbell, a former Detroit Public Schools (DPS) teacher was convicted of program fraud conspiracy, money laundering conspiracy and tax charges, following a five-week trial in August 2013. According to court documents, between 2004 and 2008, Campbell and her mother, Sandra Campbell, a former DPS contract accountant and School Board candidate, obtained more than $530,000 from DPS through a fraudulent scheme in which orders were placed with the Campbells’ sham company for books and educational materials that were never provided to the schools. Sandra Campbell and Domonique Campbell conspired to launder the fraud proceeds and to defraud the IRS by failing to report on their income tax returns the money they fraudulently obtained. Sandra Campbell was sentenced in December 2013 to 70 months for her role in the scheme.
Online Clothing Business Owners Sentenced for Customs Fraud and Money Laundering
On May 5, 2014, in Fresno, California, Hoang Minh Nguyen and Dung Hang Dao, husband and wife from San Jose, were sentenced to 12 months of time-served and ordered to pay $70,000 in restitution and to forfeit bank accounts and a property valued at more than $400,000. Nguyen and Dao pleaded guilty on Feb. 12, 2014 to customs fraud and money laundering. According to court documents, from November 2008 through January 2013, Nguyen and Dao owned an online clothing company that utilized several websites to sell clothing imported from China to customers in the United States. As part of their scheme, Nguyen and Dao declared the imported clothing as samples even though they would later sell it to customers. By declaring the clothing as samples, Nguyen and Dao were able to avoid paying customs duties. With the proceeds from their business, Nguyen and Dao sent significant amounts of cash to China via Western Union money transfers. They broke up the cash deposits into amounts of $10,000 or less in an attempt to prevent Western Union from filing currency transaction reports on those transactions. In addition, Nguyen and Dao laundered the proceeds of their business by purchasing properties in Patterson and San Jose.
Doctor Sentenced for Tax Evasion and Currency Structuring
On April 28, 2014, in Macon Ga., Robert Sperrazza, M.D., formerly a resident of Lee County, Georgia, was sentenced to 36 months in prison and ordered to forfeit $870,238 to the United States. Sperrazza was convicted by a jury on June 7, 2013 of three counts of tax evasion and two counts of currency structuring. According to trial evidence, Sperrazza personally cashed over one million dollars in patient checks at the counter of a local bank, in Albany, Georgia. Sperrazza structured the cash transactions in amounts under $10,000 for the purpose of evading the bank reporting requirements of federal law and for the purpose of furthering his tax avoidance scheme. Sperrazza was formerly an anesthesiologist in Albany, Georgia. He later moved to Panama City Beach, Florida where he briefly operated a pain clinic. Sperrazza is not currently involved in the practice of medicine.
Texan Sentenced for Role in Multimillion Dollar Investment Fraud Scheme
On April 16, 2014, in Plano, Texas, Gary Lynn McDuff was sentenced to 300 months in prison for his role in an investment fraud and money laundering scheme that defrauded investors out of almost $11 million. McDuff was also ordered to pay more than $6.5 million in restitution to the victims. McDuff’s fellow conspirators, Gary Lancaster, of Oregon, and Robert Reese, deceased, formerly of Carmel, California, previously pleaded guilty and were sentenced to terms of imprisonment for their roles in the scheme. According to evidence presented during the trial, McDuff and Lancaster agreed to create the Lancorp Investment Fund, to draft a prospectus for the Fund, and to solicit investments from individuals across the United States. While McDuff controlled the operation, Lancaster agreed to serve as the “front” since McDuff could not possess a securities license or sell securities because of a past felony conviction. McDuff recruited Reese to help sell the investment despite the fact that Reese had been barred by the State of California from selling securities. McDuff, Lancaster, and Reese made numerous false representations to their investors in order to induce payments, including representations that the Fund would only invest in A+ or A1 rated bonds, that the principal of each investment would be insured and never at risk. McDuff, Lancaster, and Reese never disclosed McDuff’s felony conviction or Reese’s securities ban. McDuff then laundered the criminal proceeds in order to promote the operation of the fraudulent scheme.
Dual Chinese and United States Citizen Sentenced for Money Laundering
On April 3, 2014, in Corpus Christi, Texas, Kin Fu Chow, of Chicago, Ill., was sentenced to 15 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Chow pleaded guilty on Jan. 2, 2014 to one count of money laundering. According to court documents, Chow was a leader in a large money laundering conspiracy operating in the Southern District of Texas. The money laundering was accomplished through other illegal activity including alien smuggling and drug trafficking. Chow purchased a 1975 Cessna 310R aircraft to enable the criminal organization to smuggle illegal money, aliens and drugs. He was responsible for the smuggling of Chinese nationals into the United States via Mexico. Chow’s co-conspirators were arrested in 2010 and the aircraft was seized as part of their prosecution. At the time of their arrest, Chow fled to China. He returned to the United States in October 2013 and was immediately arrested.
Lawyer Sentenced for Money Laundering
On April 2, 2014, in Sacramento, Calif., Derian Eidson, of Yorba Linda, Calif., was sentenced to 121 month in prison and ordered to pay a $200,000 fine. Eidson, a suspended member of the California bar, was convicted at trial on two counts of money laundering. According to court documents, Eidson was an insurance defense lawyer in 2001 when she met Steven Zinnel, a Sacramento businessman. The two concealed Zinnel's assets during his child support litigation and personal bankruptcy cases. In the course of the scheme, Eidson used her attorney client trust account to conceal funds. In addition, Zinnel and Eidson established a shell company, Done Deal, for the purpose of receiving distributions from Zinnel’s silent partnership in an electrical infrastructure company. Keeping Done Deal and the Done Deal bank account in Eidson’s name allowed Zinnel to conceal his ownership interest in the company from the bankruptcy court and family court. Zinnel was sentenced on March 4, 2014, to 212 months in prison for his role in the scheme.
Multiple Defendants Sentenced for International Money Laundering Conspiracy
On March 31, 2014, in Anchorage, Alaska, several defendants were sentenced for their roles in an international conspiracy to launder the proceeds of drug trafficking. Claritza Natera was sentenced to 24 months in prison and ordered to forfeit $239,990 to the United States. The court ordered a money judgment in that amount to be entered against Natera. Natera pleaded guilty to international money laundering. According to court documents, in 2010 and 2011, Natera repeatedly deposited currency that she knew to be the proceeds of drug trafficking into her bank account in Alaska and then immediately wired the funds to persons in the Dominican Republic. She was paid cash for conducting these transactions by a person known to her to be a cocaine dealer and an illegal alien. Joel Paredes Henriquez was sentenced to four years of probation and ordered to forfeit $25,500 to the United States. Joel Paredes Henriquez pleaded guilty to being a member of an international money laundering conspiracy. He deposited cash that he received from a man he knew to be an illegal alien and a cocaine dealer into his bank account. He wired over $25,000 between March 2010 and February 2011 to the Dominican Republic. Nerido Paredes Henriquez was sentenced to three years of probation and ordered to forfeit $15,400 to the United States. Nerido Paredes Henriquez pleaded guilty to one count of structuring financial transactions. He and others made several currency deposits at different bank branches to avoid the currency transaction reporting requirements. On March 27, 2014, Randin Paredes Henriquez was sentenced to a term of time-served in jail. Randin Paredes Henriquez pleaded guilty to one count of international money laundering. In December 2011, Randin flew from Anchorage to Philadelphia enroute to the Dominican Republic. Customs agents discovered that he was smuggling cash, which he admittedly knew to be the proceeds of cocaine trafficking in Alaska. Cash in the amount of $55,720 was seized and forfeited to the United States. Randin Paredes Henriquez had been in federal custody for approximately two years, since his return to Alaska from the Dominican Republic in March 2012. On March 14, 2014, Concepcion Egea was sentenced to four years of probation and fined $5,000. Egea pleaded guilty to one count of structuring financial transactions to avoid the currency reporting requirements. Evidence presented in court established that the defendants shared joint financial accounts, shared an address, and made multiple cash transactions in a single day or over several days at various branches to avoid suspicion. Most of the currency deposits were approximately $5,000. The funds were almost always immediately wired to persons in the Dominican Republic. Randin, Joel, and Nerido Paredes Henriquez are lawful permanent residents of the United States, but remain citizens of the Dominican Republic. Concepcion Egea and Claritza Natera are naturalized U.S. citizens, and were formerly citizens of the Dominican Republic.
Louisiana Woman Sentenced on Drug and Money Laundering Charges
On March 25, 2014, in Baton Rouge, La., Beverly A. Smith was sentenced to 120 months in prison and five years of supervised release. Smith pleaded guilty to drug and money laundering charges. According to court documents, on or about May 2, 2012, Smith transferred more than $10,000 in United States currency through a financial institution. The funds were determined to have come from the distribution of cocaine and cocaine base. In addition, Smith possessed with the intent to distribute cocaine and other controlled substances.
Former Owner of Pain Clinics Sentenced for Money Laundering
On March 18, 2014, in Lexington, Ky., Ernest Singleton was sentenced to 240 months in prison and ordered to forfeit $427,000, more than 20 firearms, more than 40 pieces of farm equipment, vehicles, and livestock. Singleton was convicted of illegally dispensing drugs and money laundering. According to court documents, Singleton owned pain clinics in Georgetown, Ky., and Dry Ridge, Ky. Under Singleton’s direction, doctors at the clinics prescribed large quantities of Oxycodone and Diazepam outside the scope of professional practice and without a legitimate medical purpose. Singleton oversaw the daily operations of the clinics, influenced doctors to overprescribe drugs to patients, and pressured them to see as many patients as possible. The pain clinics operated on a cash only basis. Patients paid approximately $250 on the first visit and $300 on subsequent visits. Investigators estimate that approximately 5,000 patients visited the clinics during the course of the conspiracy. Singleton used the drug proceeds to buy real estate, a boat and farm equipment and to build a home.
South Dakota Man Sentenced in Synthetic Drug and Money Laundering Case
On March 18, 2014, in Sioux Falls, S.D., Corey Brandon Morrison was sentenced to 34 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Morrison pleaded guilty on May 17, 2013, to conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance analogue and engaging in monetary transactions in property derived from specified unlawful activity. According to court documents, beginning around September 2011, two or more persons formed an agreement to distribute an illegal drug to customers from one or more Roll With It store locations in Sioux Falls. The illegal product, commonly referred to as spice or K2, is made by treating plant material with certain chemicals that are controlled substance analogues. Morrison sold controlled substance analogues to the Roll With It stores. In addition, on or about September 16, 2011, Morrison deposited $12,500 cash into his personal bank account, which were proceeds from the illegal distribution of controlled substances.
Minnesota Man Sentenced on Wire Fraud and Money Laundering Charges
On March 18, 2014, in Minneapolis, Minn., Edwin Scott Verdung was sentenced to 75 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Verdung pleaded guilty on Aug. 1, 2013 to one count of wire fraud and one count of transaction money laundering. According to court documents, from April 2007 through May 2010, Verdung took money from individuals who were in the market for classic automobiles or who brought their own vehicles into the shop to be restored or rebuilt. Despite accepting funds, Verdung failed to provide the vehicles or the restoration services promised. In some instances, he represented falsely that he had made progress in rebuilding or restoring a customer’s vehicle, when, in fact, he had done nothing along those lines. Verdung also required some customers to make “progress” payments, providing those customers with fraudulent photographs as evidence of the progress made in restoring the vehicle. Verdung defrauded customers out of more than $1 million.
Former CEO of Tax Preparation Business Sentenced for Structuring Scheme
On March 11, 2014, in Miami, Fla., Carlos Rodriguez, of Miami Lakes, was sentenced to 22 months in prison and two years of supervised release. Rodriguez previously pleaded guilty to one count of structuring financial transactions with the intent to evade currency reporting requirements. According to court documents, from on or about Jan. 4, 2012 through on or about March 22, 2012, Rodriguez was the Chief Executive Officer of Rodri Rodri & Associates, a tax preparation business. During that time, Rodriguez cashed Rodri business checks in amounts under $10,000 at a bank with the intent to evade the currency transaction reporting requirements. The amount of money involved in the structuring violations was between $400,000 and $1 million. The tax return preparation part of the business was supervised by the defendant’s late wife, Jennifer Rodriguez. The defendant was primarily responsible for the day-to-day operations of the business. Nonetheless, many of the tax returns prepared by Rodri were fraudulent and contained false credits, such as education and fuel credits that the taxpayers otherwise were not entitled to have. The structured cash was used to provide cash, for a fee, to taxpayer clients in exchange for their inflated tax refunds. Rodriguez agreed to forfeit properties purchased from proceeds of the tax preparation business and cooperate with the IRS in its civil examination, assessment, and collection of income taxes related to the defendant’s 2009 through 2012 income tax returns and any related corporate tax returns.
Pennsylvania Businessman Sentenced for Misappropriation of Federal Funds
On Feb. 27, 2014, in Harrisburg, Pa., David R. Dodd, II, of Mechanicsburg, Pa., was sentenced to 87 months in prison and ordered to pay approximately $21 million in restitution. In November 2011, Dodd pleaded guilty to misappropriation of federal funds and money laundering. Dodd was charged in two separate indictments in June 2010 and January 2011, both involving fraudulent real estate and business deals associated with the Capital View Commerce Center (CVCC), a failed construction project in Harrisburg. According to court documents, Dodd utilized a business he owned known as Industrial Design and Construction, Inc. (IDC) as part of the CVCC project to purchase pre-cast concrete forms for use in the construction of the building. Dodd concealed his own personal interest in IDC in violation of federal conflict of interest requirements and, through that concealment, wrongfully obtained over one million dollars of funds from HUD through programs administered by the City of Harrisburg and Dauphin County. These funds were placed into a brokerage account at Dodd’s direction to conceal the existence and ownership of the misappropriated funds. Dodd was also paid $860,454 in HUD funds through programs administered by the City of Harrisburg and Dauphin County to pay contractors who performed and completed work on the CVCC project. Although Dodd, through his business Cameron Real Estate, LP, received that money, Dodd kept the money and did not pay the contractors as he was obligated to do. Dodd was responsible for the projects demise and losses to the contractors including causing a contractor to go out of business. As part of the plea agreement, Dodd agreed to forfeit $1,151,037 seized from brokerage accounts, a 2008 BMW X5 vehicle, a 2008 Mercedes Benz and $58,041 in cash.
Texan Sentenced for $2 Million Ponzi Scheme
On Feb. 24, 2014, in Austin, Texas, Russell Allen Erxleben, of Dripping Springs, Texas, was sentenced to 90 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay restitution for implementing a Ponzi scheme involving an estimated $2 million. Erxleben pleaded guilty in December 2013 to federal wire fraud and money laundering charges. According to court records, from 2005 until October 2009, Erxleben used several companies, including WALTEC Consultants, LRE Holdings, and The MDM Group, to promote investments in fraudulent ventures including investments in post-WWI German government gold bearer bonds and in a work of art purportedly by Paul Gauguin, a famous artist. Erxleben used investment proceeds for the benefit of himself and his family, to pay purported dividends to previous investors, and to fund other undisclosed endeavors. In furtherance of the fraudulent scheme, Erxleben made various wire transfers using numerous financial accounts which were opened and maintained by others in an effort to avoid detection by authorities.
Louisiana Businessmen Sentenced for Money Laundering, Wire Fraud and Tax Evasion
On Feb. 18, 2014, in Shreveport, La., Michael Paul Boyter and Anthony Reuben Riley were sentenced on charges arising out of a money laundering conspiracy operated from their businesses: Mike’s Auto Sales and A-1 Auto Finance Company. Boyter was sentenced to 60 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay $290,381 in restitution as well as a $200,000 fine for wire fraud and evading or defeating tax charges. Riley was sentenced to 15 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay a $100,000 fine for failure to file Form 8300. As part of their plea agreements, both men will forfeit property of Mike’s Auto Sales and A-1 Auto Finance and agreed to pay a money judgment of $1.3 million. According to evidence presented at the guilty plea on Aug. 26, 2013, the defendants engaged in a conspiracy to commit money laundering beginning in 1996 through November 2010. The defendants’ scheme concerned the sale and financing of used and new vehicles to individuals who derived, or represented that they derived, significant income from the distribution of illegal drugs. The defendants knowingly accepted cash proceeds from drug dealers, allowed vehicle purchases in the names of nominees, and falsified records of payments received.
Oregon Man Sentenced for Money Laundering
On Feb. 18, 2014, in Portland, Ore., Larry Fuentes, of Beaverton, Ore., was sentenced to 70 months in prison and ordered to pay $48,243 to the government in the form of a money judgment. The money judgment represents a portion of the approximately $120,000 that he admitted to laundering with his co-defendant and ex-girlfriend, Janelle Fuston. Fuentes pleaded guilty in Oct. 2013 to money laundering. According to court documents, between April 2011 and April 2012, Fuentes conspired with Fuston, who was employed at a credit union, to launder over $120,000 in Fuentes’s drug proceeds using several of Fuston’s credit union accounts. Before their crime was discovered, Fuston and Fuentes spent all but approximately $11,000 of the laundered drug proceeds. Fuston was sentenced in Oct. 2013 to five years of probation for her role in the crime.
Pennsylvania Man Sentenced for Structuring Financial Transactions
On Feb. 7, 2014, in Pittsburgh, Pa., Daniel Young, of Eighty-Four, Pa., was sentenced to 63 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to forfeit $440,000 in cash and equipment. Young was convicted of conspiracy and structuring financial transactions. According to court documents, Young and his co-defendants, Kimberly Ostrander and Dennis Young, participated in a conspiracy in which they structured financial transactions with financial institutions and businesses to avoid the filing of currency transaction reports. Young structured approximately $260,000 in cash from his drug trafficking proceeds to purchase his home, heavy equipment, and a vehicle. Young and his co-conspirators used a variety of bank accounts and individuals to structure the cash payments.
Two Men Sentenced for Roles in Drug Trafficking Organization
On January 27, 2014, in Phoenix, Ariz., Jonathan Ortiz Troncoza was sentenced to 120 months in prison and five years of supervised release. David Ortiz Troncoza, Jr. was sentenced to 70 months in prison and five years of supervised release. Jonathan Troncoza pleaded guilty on August 6, 2012 to conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine and marijuana and conspiracy to commit money laundering. David Troncoza pleaded guilty on July 30, 2012 to conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine and marijuana and conspiracy to commit money laundering. According to court documents, beginning on or about March 29, 2005 and continuing through June 1, 2010, Jonathan Troncoza operated a marijuana and cocaine distribution organization. Jonathan and David Troncoza and others distributed large amounts of marijuana and cocaine and laundered the drug proceeds. Specifically, the drug organization receive marijuana and cocaine from sources in the Republic of Mexico. The defendants used stash houses and warehouses to store the drugs for further distribution. A portion of the proceeds were used to acquire additional quantities of drugs for sale, pay for the expenses of the stash houses, cars, couriers, communication equipment and other needs of the drug organization. In addition, business entities were used in furtherance of the conspiracy in order to conceal the identities of the defendants and the true nature of the drug trafficking organization.
Leader of “Pump and Dump” Stock Fraud Scheme Sentenced
On January 24, 2014, in New York, N.Y., David Levy was sentenced to 108 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Levy was also preliminarily ordered to forfeit $12 million, his home in Florida, certain luxury vehicles and certain bank accounts. Levy previously was found guilty by a federal jury for orchestrating “pump and dump” stock fraud schemes that used the Internet and social networking sites, among other tools, to manipulate the price of penny stocks as well as participating in an international money laundering scheme. Levy’s wife and co-defendant, Donna Levy, who also was found guilty by the federal jury for her role in this and other schemes, is scheduled to be sentenced at a later date. According to court documents, David and Donna Levy offered to help start-up companies obtain financing, take the start-up companies public, and coordinate marketing and investor relations for the companies, in exchange for company shares. Once they had helped the companies go public, Donna Levy put out press releases on behalf of the target companies, and she worked with her husband to secretly fund and distribute misleading third-party recommendations concerning the targeted companies. This misleading promotional campaign, along with other manipulative conduct, generated demand for stock in the targeted companies, and caused the price of the stocks to rise. David Levy also was convicted of a money laundering conspiracy in connection with his efforts to conceal more than $2.3 million in proceeds of the fraudulent schemes in Panamanian shell company bank accounts maintained by a co-conspirator at a bank in Panama. In connection with the scheme, Levy wire transferred $150,000 in fraud proceeds to a Panamanian shell company bank account through a bank account in New York. Levy carried more than $2 million in cashier’s checks, representing proceeds from stock fraud, to Panama and caused them to be deposited into the shell company bank accounts.
Texas Pharmacy Owner Sentenced for Structuring
On January 23, 2014, in Dallas, Texas, Linus Nwosu, of Southlake, Texas, was sentenced to 24 months in prison. Nwosu also agreed to amend his tax returns and has forfeited $476,190 to the government. Nwosu pleaded guilty in June 2013 to conspiracy to commit structuring. According to court documents, Nwosu owns and operates two pharmacies with his wife in the Dallas/Fort Worth area under the name GeneRx Discount Pharmacy, Inc. From on or about October 12, 2011, to May 16, 2012, Nwosu and his wife received cash receipts from GeneRx on a daily basis and divided the cash into amounts under $10,000 with the intent to avoid the currency reporting requirements. During this time, both Nwosu and his wife made approximately 77 cash deposits for a total of $476,190.
Father and Son Sentenced for Bank Fraud and Money Laundering
On January 23, 2014, in Pensacola, Fla., Gary Wayne Thomas, of Daphne, Ala., and his son, Brian Keith Thomas, of Birmingham, Ala., were sentenced to 72 months and 24 months in prison, respectively. Both men were charged with conspiracy to structure cash withdrawals and structuring cash withdrawals to avoid the Currency Transaction Reporting (CTR) requirement, conspiring to commit bank fraud and conspiracy to commit money laundering. Gary Thomas was also charged with money laundering, failure to appear, possession of a firearm and ammunition by a person under indictment, and possession of a firearm and ammunition by a fugitive from justice. Brian Thomas went to trial during the week of July 22, 2013, and was convicted of all counts. Gary Thomas pleaded guilty to all charges on October 30, 2013. The evidence showed that between January 1, 2008, and November 1, 2008, Gary and Brian Thomas caused approximately $4,550,000 to be deposited into their domestic bank accounts and then wired to offshore bank accounts in the Cayman Islands and Belize. Shortly thereafter, Gary Thomas stopped making payments on the loans he and his various entities had obtained from a bank. The total amount of the loans was approximately $56 million. In the summer of 2009, the bank filed civil suits against Gary Thomas on these loans. In a three-year period between 2010 and 2013, Gary Thomas wired approximately $2,150,000 from the offshore banks into several domestic accounts including five accounts that Brian Thomas opened in banks. Thereafter, the father and son conspired to structure withdrawals of cash under $10,000 to avoid the CTR requirement and to hide Gary Thomas’s interest in the funds from his creditor bank. The structured withdrawals were done on roughly 194 occasions and totaled more than $1.6 million. Gary Thomas used some of these funds to purchase five airplanes, numerous vehicles, and homes. Thus far, the government has successfully forfeited the five airplanes; approximately $387,413 in cash, which represents the proceeds of the sale of the home in Alabama; and a $60,000 Hyundai Equus. The government has also obtained monetary judgments of forfeiture against Gary and Brian Thomas in the amounts of $4,970,000 and $1,197,148 respectively.
Five Sentenced in Connection with Cigarette Smuggling Ring Operating in North and South Carolina
On January 22, 2014, in Charlotte, N.C., five of twelve conspirators charged with running a cigarette smuggling ring in North and South Carolina were sentenced on cigarette trafficking and money laundering charges. The smuggling ring was uncovered over the course of a multi-agency investigation into the interstate transport and sales of stolen property and money laundering. Those sentenced include:
•Kamal Zaki Qazah, of Columbia, S.C., was sentenced to 216 months in prison, two years of supervised release and ordered to forfeit property associated with his offenses.
•Tha’er Ismail Ayyad, of Kernersville, N.C., was sentenced to 41 months in prison and two years of supervised release. Ayyad, a Jordanian national, was also convicted of one count of visa fraud and will be deported upon completion of his sentence.
•Ahmed Ibrahim, of Columbia, S.C., was sentenced to 30 months in prison and two years of supervised release.
•Ziad Hashem Najjar, of Greensboro, N.C., was sentenced to 24 months in prison and two years of supervised release.
•Ahmed Samy Hosney Kareem, of Matthews, N.C., was sentenced to 14 months in prison and two years of supervised release.
According to court records, from about August 2009 to November 2011, the co-conspirators engaged in a cigarette smuggling conspiracy that trafficked more than 486,000 cartons of cigarettes across North and South Carolina with an estimated retail value of $20 million. The co-conspirators paid more than $9.3 million in cash for cigarettes they believed to be stolen from Virginia and Tennessee, and profited by selling them to a network of retail businesses and associates willing to purchase the illegally obtained cigarettes at prices far below market value. The co-conspirators laundered their criminal proceeds through businesses owned by Kamal Qazah and Nasser Alquza in Columbia, S.C. Six other defendants involved in the conspiracy have been previously sentenced to terms ranging from one year of probation to 60 months in prison.
Former President of Motorcycle Club Sentenced on Drug Conspiracy and Structuring Charges
On January 21, 2014, in Buffalo, N.Y., Dewey Taylor was sentenced to 144 months in prison. Taylor was convicted, following a five-week jury trial, of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine and structuring financial transactions. According to court documents, Taylor was the former president of the Afro Dogs Motorcycle Club and used the motorcycle clubhouse as a front for a cocaine trafficking operation. Between 2006 and March 2, 2011, Taylor supplied a co-conspirator with cocaine for distribution to members and non-members throughout the Buffalo area. In addition, on seven separate occasions, Taylor deposited funds into personal and business accounts in the name of DT Liquors at a credit union. The individual deposits totaled more than $10,000 which requires the filing of a Currency Transaction Report (CTR). However, Taylor split the transactions into smaller amounts in an attempt to evade the reporting requirements.
Idaho Man Sentenced for Conspiring to Launder Money
On January 16, 2014, in Pocatello, Idaho, John D. Heim was sentenced to 37 months in prison and three years of supervised release. In addition, Heim will forfeit to the government two properties. Heim pleaded guilty on September 26, 2013 to conspiracy to money laundering. According to the plea agreement, between March 1 and September 14, 2013, Heim owned and operated Heim, Inc., a business engaged in the sale of “spice,” a smokeable material containing a Schedule I controlled substance analogue. Heim and other individuals engaged in monetary transactions in excess of $10,000 from funds derived from the illegal sale and distribution of spice. According to the plea agreement, the total amount of funds derived from the unlawful activity is $163,534.
International Fugitives Sentenced for Asset Tracing Scheme
On January 16, 2014, in Newport News, Va., Elaine White, formerly a resident of Toronto, Canada, and her husband, Cullen Johnson, were both sentenced to 66 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay $1,021,738 in restitution for their role in an international asset tracing scheme. Johnson and White pleaded guilty to participating in a conspiracy to engage in money laundering. According to court documents, starting in 2006, Johnson and White owned and/or operated an asset location business called “Internal Affairs,” “World Solutions” and then “Occipital.” Clients seeking to locate funds that had been stolen from them or trying to trace lost, missing or stolen assets, hired White and Johnson to investigate the location of such assets. White and Johnson then produced reports of information to clients, which purported to contain financial and other information subject to the clients’ requests. Rather than providing valid information, White and Johnson provided the client-victims with fabricated banking records, purporting to show that the assets or money that clients sought had been moved from one banking institution to another in locations such as Monaco, Greece, Hong Kong, Switzerland, Latin America and the Caribbean. For additional payments, White and Johnson claimed that they could continue to trace the funds to their final destination. On any occasion where the client-victims determined that the information provided by the defendants was false, the defendants claimed that the information was valid and accused the client-victims or their representatives of improperly trying to collect the funds. Court documents also state that, in or about 2009, White and Johnson were charged by the Ontario Provincial Police in Canada with crimes related to this asset tracing fraud. The couple fled Canada, travel to the Turks & Caicos Islands, where they continued to operate this fraudulent asset tracing business on U.S. and Canadian victims. The couple resided there until they were apprehended by Turks & Caicos authorities. All told, the couple solicited more than $1,000,000 from U.S. and Canadian victims, including about $500,000, which they wired to one of their co-conspirators.
Missouri Man Sentenced on Structuring Charges
On January 14, 2013, in Springfield, Mo., Richard Eugene Moore was sentenced to 21 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to forfeit $14,298 to the government. On March 6, 2013, Moore pleaded guilty to structuring currency transactions to avoid federal reporting requirements. According to court documents, Fleming Recycling purchased stolen grease from Moore and then resold the grease to refiners. Fleming Recycling paid Moore for stolen grease with company checks that Moore would cash. On multiple occasions, Moore received several checks with an aggregate dollar value in excess of $10,000. On or about August 16, 2011, Moore presented a check in the amount of $5,499 and a check in the amount of $8,806 at a bank for payment in cash. Moore presented these two checks to separate tellers and requested the cash be returned to him in separate envelopes. He specifically requested that the transaction be split up so a currency transaction report would not be filed.
Pill Mill Doctor Sentenced for Drug Conspiracy and Money Laundering
On January 7, 2014, in Miami Fla., Dr. Scott Becker, of Pembroke Pines, Fla., was sentenced to 70 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Becker previously pleaded guilty to conspiring to distribute and dispense large amounts of oxycodone without a legitimate medical purpose and outside the usual course of professional practice and money laundering. Becker also agreed to forfeit $470,400 in money and property representing the illegal narcotics proceeds he earned as a result of his involvement as a physician at All Pain Management in Dania Beach. According to court documents, between February 16 and September 17, 2010, Becker was employed as a clinic doctor at All Pain Management which, at the time, was owned by co-conspirators Vincent Colangelo and several other individuals. Colangelo pleaded guilty to narcotics, money laundering and federal income tax offenses on April 2, 2012. According to a review of medical records, while at All Pain Management, Becker prescribed 932,259 oxycodone, 30 milligram pills during the course of 4,821 patient visits and more than 98% of Becker’s patients received prescriptions for oxycodone. Becker also laundered approximately $24,142 in illegal narcotics proceeds.
Former Mining Supply Businessman Sentenced for Illegal Cash Structuring Scheme
On January 6, 2014, in Bluefield, W.Va., Michael J. Prasatek, Sr., was sentenced to 16 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay a $3,000 fine. According to court documents, Prasatek managed several supply companies in and around southern West Virginia since 1978. He knowingly provided a coal mine operator with bogus invoices in a scheme known as “selling cash.” During the scheme, in exchange for fake supply invoices, Prasatek received a check in the amount of the fictitious invoice and deposited the money into his personal bank account. Prasatek then returned the cash to his associate for a fee. Prasatek knew that the false invoice could be used for unlawful purposes such as filing a false tax deduction. To further his scheme, Prasatek opened up checking accounts at two banks using the names “Michael Prasatek DBA Prestige Paving & Sealing” and “Michael Prasatek DBA Quality Services” and routinely structured cash withdrawals. Prasatek admitted that beginning in May 2010 until December 2011, he structured several cash transactions totaling approximately $55,000, to intentionally avoid the mandatory financial reporting requirements.
New York Man Sentenced for Fraud and Money Laundering
On January 3, 2014, in Rochester, N.Y., Kenneth Griffin was sentenced to 46 months in prison. Griffin was previously convicted of conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud and conspiracy to engage in money laundering. According to court documents, Griffin was the owner of an employment staffing business that operated under various names. From August 2007 to June 2008, Griffin spearheaded a conspiracy to defraud lenders by selling them false invoices in transactions known as factoring. The fraud involved creating false invoices and other supporting documents that Griffin then sold to a series of financing companies on a weekly basis for immediate cash. When a financing company realized that it had been sold uncollectible invoices and stopped dealing with Griffin's business, Griffin would change business names and continue the scheme with another financing company. In total, Griffin and others sold and attempted to sell more than $650,000 worth of bogus invoices to three separate factoring companies over a period of almost a year. He then laundered the proceeds of his crimes.
National Drug Trafficking and Money Laundering Organization Based in Georgia Dismantled
On December 19, 2013, in Atlanta, Ga., Jiles Delwin Johnson, of Sandy Springs, Ga., was sentenced to 180 months in prison and five years of supervised release. On the same date, Johnson’s wife, Shannon Renee Johnson, was sentenced to 36 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Jiles Johnson previously pleaded guilty to conspiracy to possess and distribute cocaine and money laundering. Shannon Johnson previously pleaded guilty to money laundering conspiracy. According to court documents, the Johnsons participated in a large-scale drug trafficking and money laundering organization that distributed thousands of kilograms of cocaine nationwide and laundered millions of dollars in drug proceeds in Georgia. The organization coordinated its efforts through the KC Pit BBQ Restaurant in Sandy Springs, which had been owned by the Johnsons. Jiles Johnson was also a commercial truck driver. To supplement his income, he began transporting drugs from California to Philadelphia. As Johnson generated cash from cocaine sales, he purchased real estate. The Johnsons invested over three million dollars in real estate holdings. When the cash volume increased, Jacques Degaule, a financial planner, assisted with the laundering. Degaule traveled to banks in other states where he deposited over $7 million. No IRS Forms 8300 were filed, which are required when a trade or business receives cash over $10,000. The Johnsons used these laundered funds to underwrite their investments and their restaurant’s operations. On September 4, 2013, Degaule was sentenced to 36 months in prison and one year of supervised release.
Texas Real Estate Agent Sentenced for Money Laundering
On December 19, 2013, in McAllen, Texas, Freddy Centeno, of Brownsville, Texas, was sentenced to 24 months in prison and two years of supervised release for money laundering. Centeno was also ordered to forfeit all real properties. Centeno, a licensed real estate agent, pleaded guilty on August 30, 2013 to a one-count criminal information. At the time of his plea, Centeno admitted he helped a narcotics trafficker launder drug profits through the purchase of real properties in Brownsville. Centeno structured financial transactions of residential and commercial properties to conceal the identity and ownership of a narcotics trafficker. The conviction and sentence comes as a result of a narcotics trafficking and money-laundering investigation targeting the Armando Arambul drug trafficking organization, which operated under the auspices of the Gulf Cartel in Matamoros, Mexico, and throughout the Southern District of Texas.
Former West Virginia Bank Manager Sentenced for Embezzlement and Structuring
On December 19, 2013, in Elkins, W.Va., Deborah D. Radcliff, of Weston, W.Va., was sentenced to 37 months in prison for embezzlement and structuring. According to court documents, during July 1, 2011 to November 5, 2012, while serving as the branch manager of a bank, Radcliff embezzled and misapplied more than $247,249 from customers’ accounts and engaged in acts of structuring to cause the bank to fail to file a Currency Transaction Report for currency transactions of $10,000 or more. To execute the scheme, Radcliff utilized her position as branch manager to issue, or direct to be issued, cashier’s checks from funds withdrawn from customer accounts issued in the name of the customer. Radcliff would then take possession of the cashier’s check, forge the name of the depositor and cash the checks for her own personal benefit.
Texas Smoke Shop Owners and Realtor Sentenced for Structuring Financial Transactions
On December 17, 2013, in Corpus Christi, Texas, Leroy Mitchan Jr. and Justin Colmenero were sentenced for structuring financial transactions. Mitchan was sentenced to 20 months in prison and one year of supervised release. Colmenero was sentenced to three years of probation. Mitchan’s wife, Kimberly Davis was sentenced on November 18, 2013 to five months in prison and five months home confinement. According to court documents, Mitchan and Davis own Mr. Nice Guys and another smoke shop in Corpus Christi, as well as a used car dealership. Mitchan worked with Colmenero, a local real estate agent, and provided him with large amounts of cash to deposit it into his personal bank account. Colmenero was directed by Mitchan to withdraw the money later in the form of cashier’s checks or via Moneygram to pay for property under the control of Mitchan. The total amount Colmenero structured at the direction of Mitchan was approximately $461,000. As part of her plea agreement, Davis admitted to conducting three separate deposits in amounts less than $10,000 each in one morning at a credit union. In another instance, she made two separate deposits of less than $10,000 each on the same day. The total amount for all five deposits was $44,101. All of these deposits were made in an attempt to avoid the currency reporting requirements. Mitchan and Davis have also agreed to the criminal forfeiture of three pieces of real property located in Nueces County, valued at approximately $1,200,000, approximately $396,000 in cash as well as 42 vehicles valued at approximately $409,000.
New Mexico Man Sentenced for Wire Fraud and Money Laundering
On December 16, 2013, in Albuquerque, N.M., Rodney Chavez was sentenced to 63 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay $847,370 in restitution. In addition, Chavez was ordered to forfeit $233,548 seized from three bank accounts. On September 9, 2013, Chavez pleaded guilty to wire fraud and conspiracy to commit money laundering. According to his plea agreement, between March 2010 and April 2011, Chavez designed and executed a scheme to defraud a group of investors of their interest in certain properties located in Puerto Peñasco, Mexico. After learning that a group of investors were interested in selling properties, Chavez used an assumed identity and entered into an agreement to sell the properties on behalf of the investors with the understanding that the investors would receive a return of 30% of their original investments. Chavez hired a real estate agent and sold five properties which generated approximately $847,370 in proceeds. After the proceeds were wire-transferred to a bank in Albuquerque, Chavez did not distribute the proceeds to the investors. Instead, Chavez and a co-conspirator kept the proceeds and concealed the source of the proceeds by transferring the money to bank accounts held in the names of businesses they exclusively controlled. None of the proceeds from the sale of properties were returned to the investors.
Wisconsin Man Sentenced for Role in Drug Trafficking Operation
On December 10, 2013, in Milwaukee, Wis., Randy Martinez, aka Robin Lee Martinez, of Sheboygan, was sentenced to 124 months in prison. Martinez pleaded guilty to his role in the Balderas Organization drug trafficking activities. According to court documents, beginning in the mid-1990's, the Balderas Drug Organization transported cocaine and marijuana from Texas to Wisconsin. Instrumental in the Balderas Organization’s ability to sell drugs in Wisconsin was Martinez’s role as leader of the organization in Wisconsin. The Balderas Organization was involved in conspiring to transport over 5 kilograms of cocaine and over 1,000 kilograms of marijuana to Wisconsin. Martinez shielded some of the members of the Balderas Organization from being linked to the organization; he controlled the Wisconsin distribution of narcotics and played an integral part in the money laundering of funds for the Balderas Organization. When a load was brought from Texas to Wisconsin, Martinez would cut up the narcotics and distribute it to customers for the Balderas Organization. In addition, Martinez was involved in recruiting individuals to receive packages mailed from Texas to Wisconsin and for the distribution. He was also in charge of deposits made into various bank accounts controlled by the Balderas Organization from Wisconsin to Texas. Martinez would direct individuals to send payment via wire transfer, bulk cash smuggling, and on their person to various individuals and accounts in Texas so as to help the Balderas Organization receive its profits. Bank records support that through a complex bank account scheme, the Balderas Organization was able to launder, at least $300,000 and up to $500,000.
Virginia Couple Sentenced for Fraud and Money Laundering
On December 6, 2013, in Alexandria, Va., Kathleen D. McGrade and Brian C. Collinsworth, of Stafford, Va., were sentenced to 24 months and 18 months in prison, respectively, for fraud, conspiracy to launder monetary instruments and engaging in unlawful monetary transactions. According to court records, Collinsworth worked at a company that received Department of State contracts. In 2006, the defendants married and started a company, the Sterling Royale Group (SRG) with McGrade as president and Collinsworth as vice-president and project manager. In late 2007, McGrade caused a State Department contracting officer to sign a contract between the Department of State and SRG. McGrade failed to disclose her role in SRG, her marriage, or that proper contracting competitive procedures had not been followed. The contract made SRG eligible to receive task orders for work to be done at embassies and McGrade began steering work to the company. She acted as the contract negotiator between the Department of State engineers responsible for getting the jobs done and Collinsworth acted on behalf of SRG and the subcontractors. Between 2008 and 2011, McGrade caused Department of State contracting officers to sign 17 task orders awarding work worth almost $53 million. In 2010, the defendants also lied about their marriage to investigators conducting McGrade’s background investigation regarding renewal of her security clearance. The Department of State paid SRG about $39 million, and after the defendants had paid their subcontractors, they still had millions of dollars. Among other things, they bought houses, a condominium, a yacht, a Lexus automobile, jewelry, and a Steinway piano with the fraudulently obtained money. The defendants were ordered to forfeit all of those items in the amount of $7,864,795.
Defendant Sentenced for Structuring Monetary Transactions
On November 21, 2013, in Los Angeles, Calif., Theanna Khou, aka San Huy Khou, was sentenced to 12 months and one day in prison and three years of supervised release. Khou pleaded guilty in August 2013 to structuring monetary transactions to evade reporting requirements. According to court documents, Khou and a co-defendant owned and operated Huntington Pharmacy. Between approximately August 2009 and November 2009, Khou structured approximately $105,826 in cash deposits. The cash was proceeds from the sale of oxycontin that Huntington Pharmacy dispensed without medical necessity based on fraudulent prescription issued by a clinic. In addition, Khou entered into an agreement with others operating Manor Medical Imaging, Inc. to fill large volumes of prescriptions for anti-psychotic medications which were not medically needed. Khou, through Huntington Pharmacy, billed Medicare and Medi-Cal for the service of filling the prescriptions.
Couple Sentenced for Conspiracy and Money Laundering
On November 19, 2013, in Portland, Ore., Hossein Lahiji and Najmeh Vahid Dasterjerdi, aka Najmeh Lahiji, from McAllen, Texas, were both sentenced to 12 months and one day in prison and ordered to jointly pay $973,503 in restitution to the IRS. In addition, Lahiji and Dasterjerdi were each ordered to pay $200,000 in fines and to forfeit an additional $600,000. In June 2013, Lahiji and Dasterjerdi were convicted for conspiracy to defraud the United States and money laundering. According to court documents, Lahiji and Dasterjerdi conspired to impede and impair the functions of the IRS in the collection of income taxes and the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Treasury Department in the enforcement of the Presidential Embargo against Iran. Trial evidence showed that the defendants provided funds to a Portland charity, the Child Foundation, between 1998 and 2006. The Child Foundation, in turn, gave the defendants charitable donation receipts and transferred the funds to Iran. Lahiji and Dasterjerdi claimed charitable deductions from their income taxes for these payments. Some of the funds were used to purchase a building in Tehran in the name of Hossein Lahiji’s sister. Additional funds were used to invest in an interest-bearing account in an Iranian bank or committed to be spent at the discretion of an Iranian Ayatollah. Some of the payments were backdated to facilitate claims of charitable donations for a year prior to the year of actual payment. Many of the uses of the funds violated the Presidential embargo against Iran, instituted in 1995.
Illinois Accountant Sentenced for Defrauding Elderly Client
On November 15, 2013, in Benton, Ill., Kevin C. Williams, of Mt. Carmel, Ill., was sentenced to 120 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay $1,719,444 to the victim of his fraud. In addition, Williams agreed to pay $106,438 in restitution to the IRS, to pay $38,547 to a former employer for embezzling and to pay $16,174 to the State of Illinois for fraudulently claiming unemployment benefits. On June 5, 2013, Williams, a tax accountant, pleaded guilty to misusing his trusted relationship with an elderly Illinois resident. According to court documents, Williams engaged in a lengthy scheme to defraud the victim, by stealing her money while she was alive and forging will and trust documents so that he would stand to inherit more of her money upon her passing. Williams defrauded the 96-year old victim of nearly $2 million dollars through a series of 476 identified financial transactions over the course of more than 20 years. Williams transferred the victim’s funds into his personal accounts and provided the victim with phony account statements. Williams committed money laundering by engaging in a series of financial transactions designed to deceive the victim into believing that she was receiving interest payments from investments when no such investments really existed. Williams misappropriated the victim’s money to buy cashier’s checks, but then later misrepresented those cashier’s checks to be the proceeds of her investments, when in truth and in fact no such investments existed.
Former Gang Leader “Whitey” Bulger Sentenced
On November 14, 2013, in Boston, Mass., James J. Bulger was sentenced to two consecutive life terms plus five years and ordered to pay $19.5 million in restitution. On August 12, 2013, Bulger was convicted of racketeering conspiracy and numerous racketeering acts of murder, extortion, narcotics distribution, money laundering and possession of firearms including machine guns. According to court documents, Bulger, the former leader of the Winter Hill Gang, ran a vast criminal network that emanated from South Boston and controlled much of the city and the surrounding areas during the 1970s and 1980s. In order to generate money and maintain dominance among other criminal enterprises, Bulger and his associates engaged in numerous illegal activities such as loan sharking, extortion of local business owners and bookmakers, trafficking of narcotics and firearms, and murder. Bulger, and associates under his direction, used violence, threats, and intimidation to carry out these illegal activities. In late 1994, upon learning of his impending indictment, Bulger fled Massachusetts. On June 22, 2011, Bulger and his companion, Catherine Greig, were arrested in Santa Monica, California after 16 years on the run. Greig was later convicted of conspiracy to harbor a fugitive and is currently serving eight years in federal prison.
California Man Sentenced for Debit Card Fraud and Student Loan Fraud
On November 8, 2013, in Sacramento, Calif., Mordechay Altit, of Elk Grove, was sentenced to 63 months in prison. Altit pleaded guilty on August 23, 2013 to two counts of mail fraud and one count of money laundering. According to court documents, Altit applied for debit cards issued from banks or other providers of debit cards in his own name or using the names and social security numbers of other persons. Altit then used merchant and terminal identification numbers issued to merchants and businesses across the country to cause fraudulent refunds and credits to be placed on the debit cards he controlled. Before the businesses could rescind these transactions, Altit used the cards to spend and transfer the money. Altit attempted to have at least $450,000 in fraudulent merchant returns credited to his debit cards. In another fraudulent scheme, Altit obtained more than $200,000 in student loans and attempted to receive an additional $250,000 in student loans from banks by means of fraudulent representations. Altit submitted fraudulent applications with names of the students applying for the loans, their social security numbers, their incomes, and that they were attending or planned to attend schools. After receiving some of the proceeds from two of the student loans, Altit then wrote checks for more than $19,000 each to his brother Shay Din Altit. On April 4, 2013, Shay Din Altit pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit money laundering. He was sentenced on September 27, 2013 to 12 months and a day in prison.
Mississippi Woman Sentenced for Money Laundering
On November 1, 2013, in Jackson, Miss., Bridget Michelle Bland, of Forest, was sentenced to 60 months in prison, two years of supervised release and ordered to pay a $1,000 fine. Bland pleaded guilty on March 18, 2013 to conspiring to launder the drug proceeds of Jessie Hall, of Forest, Mississippi, and for causing a business to file a Form 8300 containing material omission and a misstatement of fact. Five defendants have participated in this extensive scheme to launder proceeds from Jesse Hall’s drug trade. Hall created Hall’s Trucking to facilitate his drug trade and as a way to launder his drug proceeds. As part of the conspiracy, the defendants made purchases in excess of $10,000 and, in an effort to avoid the IRS reporting requirements, they used a combination of cash, cashier's checks and money orders to make the purchases. It was further a part of the conspiracy to cause a misstatement on the IRS Form 8300 by falsely stating the source of funds for the cash purchase. Through these schemes, Hall was able to launder over $900,000 in cash over a two year period.
Member of Drug and Money Laundering Conspiracy Sentenced
On October 25, 2013, in Boston, Mass., Brant Welty, of South Boston, was sentenced to 100 months in prison and ordered to pay a criminal forfeiture money judgment of $85,500. In March 2013, Welty pleaded guilty to conspiracy to distribute oxycodone and money laundering conspiracy. According to court documents, Welty, along with 12 others, was first charged in 2011 for a conspiracy which spanned Massachusetts, Florida, New York, Rhode Island, South Carolina and elsewhere. The conspirators trafficked hundreds of thousands of oxycodone pills and generated over $4 million in proceeds. The investigation has resulted in the seizure of over $480,000 in cash, a 38-foot speed boat, numerous luxury vehicles, 13 firearms and approximately 12,000 oxycodone pills. Investigators also uncovered extensive evidence of illegal gambling and prostitution, as well as the use of extortionate threats to collect loans to gamblers and others.
Businessman Sentenced for Fraudulently Importing $30 Million of Chinese-Made Textiles
On October 21, 2013, in San Diego, Calif., Sunil Jiwat Mirwani was sentenced to 27 months in prison and five years of supervised release. In addition, Mirwani was ordered to forfeit over $30,000 in cash, the contents of a Hong Kong-based bank account, and an inventory of more than 220,000 pairs of blue jeans valued at more than $1 million. According to the evidence presented at a trial in June 2012, Mirwani hired a group of San Diego-based businessmen and logistics professionals to initiate shipments of Chinese-made merchandise from ports in China to the Port of Long Beach, California. When the goods arrived at Long Beach, Mirwani and his conspirators would ensure that the merchandise was classified as “in bond” which is a special customs classification meaning that they had to be shipped directly to Mexico. However, rather than complete the shipment to Mexico, Mirwani and his conspirators forged documents and falsified database entries, allowing them to send the merchandise to warehouses in the Los Angeles area. Mirwani would then sell his merchandise throughout the United States, effectively evading customs duties on more than $30 million in Chinese-made wearing apparel. Mirwani laundered his ill-gotten gains through a complex web of international wire transfers. Mirwani transmitted nearly $10 million from M Trade, Inc.’s bank account to the account of Mirvana International, a Hong Kong-based company. In addition, Mirwani transmitted similar sums to the Mirvana International account through a series of intermediary accounts in the United States and Mexico and even sent money from M Trade Inc.’s account directly to accounts in mainland China.
Car Dealer Owner Sentenced for Structuring Deposits to Evade Bank Reporting Requirements
On October 17, 2013, in Baltimore, Md., Amefika Gray was sentenced to 30 months in prison, two years of supervised release and ordered to forfeit $800,000, a Mercedes Benz vehicle and three residential properties located in Baltimore. Gray pleaded guilty to structuring bank deposits totaling over $2 million over a two year period to avoid bank reporting requirements. According to his plea, Gray owns Network Auto Group, a car dealership operating in Baltimore. Between January 15, 2010 and April 28, 2012, Gray made regular deposits of $10,000 or just under $10,000 into his personal and business bank accounts, including at least 25 instances in which Gray made multiple deposits under $10,000 the same day into the same bank or into different banks. The amount of the structured deposits over this two year period totaled $2,017,205. Gray deposited the money in such amounts because he knew that the banks were required to report to the IRS all deposits over $10,000. The government presented evidence to the court that the cash that Gray structured was the proceeds of drug trafficking activity.
Former Attorney and Her Ex-Husband Sentenced for Stealing $2.8 Million from Clients
On October 17, 2013, in Orlando, Fla., Ross and Linda Littlefield, of Kissimmee, Fla., were sentenced to 48 months and 60 months in prison, respectively. The Littlefields pleaded guilty on June 11, 2013 to money laundering. As part of their sentence, the court also entered a restitution order in the amount of $2,888,418 and a money judgment in the amount of $155,739. According to court records, Linda Littlefield, a former attorney, formed The Littlefield Law Group, P.A which specialized in Medicaid planning. In 2007, Ross and Linda Littlefield and others created a non-profit organization called the JNN Foundation, Inc. and represented that a JNN Special Needs Asset Preservation Pooled Trust could shelter a client’s assets and not affect the beneficiary’s Medicaid or Social Security Income eligibility. Ross Littlefield served as the trustee. Between 2007 and 2010, Ross and Linda Littlefield fraudulently induced approximately 27 clients to contribute more than $4.7 million to the JNN Foundation. Once the client funds were received by the foundation, the Littlefields transferred the money to other accounts under their control and used the money for their own personal benefit. As part of their fraudulent scheme, the Littlefields sent false quarterly statements to their clients showing fictitious balances. Consequently, the Littlefields stole more than $2.8 million from their clients.
Director and Treasurer of Black Nurses Association Sentenced for Fraud Scheme
On October 15, 2013, in Springfield, Ill., Margaret Davis and Tonja Cook, both from Chicago, Ill., were sentenced for their participation in a scheme to defraud state grant programs. Davis was sentenced to 41 months in prison, three years of supervised release and ordered to pay $377,573 in restitution. Cook was sentenced to 19 months in prison, two years of supervised release and ordered to pay $137,111 in restitution. Davis previously pleaded guilty to mail fraud and money laundering; Cook previously pleaded guilty to mail fraud. According to the indictment, from December 2005 to June 2009, Davis, with the assistance of Cook, solicited and received 15 different grants and contracts totaling $1,062,000 by representing herself as acting on behalf of the Chicago Chapter of the Black Nurses Association. The fraudulent grants and contracts were received from various Illinois state agencies. Instead of using the grant funds for their intended purposes, Davis and Cook used a large amount of the funds for their personal use.
New York Man Sentenced for Conspiracy to Import and Distribute Synthetic Drug
On October 11, 2013, in Syracuse, N.Y., Rosario Gambuzza, of East Syracuse, N.Y., was sentenced to 188 months in prison and three years of supervised release. In May 2013, Gambuzza was convicted after a jury trial on charges of a drug conspiracy and money laundering. According to court documents, between January 2010 and April 2011, Gambuzza conspired to import and distribute a controlled substance analogue, known on the street as “Molly” in Syracuse, N.Y. Gambuzza was also convicted of 19 counts of money laundering relating to $73,000 he wired to a co-conspirator in Shanghai, China, in order to purchase the drug.