Depreciation & Recapture
Question: On what form and line do I deduct the standard mileage rate for my business travel, and do I also need to figure depreciation of the vehicle?
Many taxpayers find using the standard mileage rate an easier way to expense their vehicle. You cannot depreciate the vehicle if you use the standard mileage rate. Instead of the standard mileage rate, you can use the actual expense method. If you use this method, you need to figure depreciation for the vehicle.
You can claim business use of an automobile on:
- Schedule C (Form 1040) (.pdf), Profit or Loss From Business, or, if eligible, Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) (.pdf), Net Profit From Business, if you are a sole proprietor. You may also need to use Form 4562 (.pdf), Depreciation and Amortization. If a farmer, use Schedule F (Form 1040) (.pdf), Profit or Loss From Farming, and Form 4562.
- Form 2106 (.pdf), Employee Business Expenses, or, if eligible, on Form 2106-EZ (.pdf), Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses, and then with other employee business expenses on line 21 of Schedule A (Form 1040) (.pdf), Itemized Deductions.
- Publication 587, Business Use of Your Home
- Publication 463, Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses
- Publication 535, Business Expenses
- Publication 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets
- Publication 946 (.pdf), How to Depreciate Property
Category: Sale or Trade of Business, Depreciation, Rentals
Subcategory: Depreciation & Recapture