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Entities

Question: Are partners considered employees of a partnership or are they considered self-employed?

Answer:

Partners in a partnership (including certain members of a limited liability company (LLC)) are considered to be self-employed, not employees, when performing services for the partnership.

  • If you're a general partner of a partnership (or treated as a general partner in an LLC) that carries on a trade or business, your net earnings from self-employment include your distributive share of the income or loss from that trade or business. General partners must also include guaranteed payments as net earnings from self-employment.
  • If you're a limited partner of a partnership (or treated as a limited partner in an LLC) that carries on a trade or business, only guaranteed payments for services you rendered to, or on behalf of, the partnership are net earnings from self-employment. Limited partners don't pay self-employment tax on their distributive share of partnership income, but do pay self-employment tax on guaranteed payments.

Additional Information:


Category: Small Business, Self-Employed, Other Business
Subcategory: Entities: Sole Proprietor, Partnership, Limited Liability Company/Partnership (LLC/LLP), Corporation, Subchapter S Corporation

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The OMB number for this study is 1545-1432.
If you have any comments regarding this study, please write to:
IRS, Tax Products Coordinating Committee
SE:W:CAR:MP:T:T:SP
1111 Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20224