Whom May I Claim as a Dependent? Determine who you may claim as a dependent. What Is My Filing Status? Determine your filing status: Single, Head of Household, Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately or Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child. May I Claim an Exemption for Myself or My Spouse? Determine whether you may claim an exemption for yourself or for your spouse. How Much Can I Deduct for Each Exemption I Claim? Determine how much can be deducted for each exemption claimed on your return.