IRS Logo
Print - Click this link to Print this page

Tax on Net Investment Income

Internal Revenue Code section 4940 imposes an excise tax of 2 percent on the net investment income of most domestic tax-exempt private foundations, including pri­vate operating foundations. Some exceptions apply.  An exempt operating foundation is not subject to the tax.  Further, the tax: is reduced to 1 percent in certain cases.

This tax must be reported on Form 990-PF, Return of Private Foundation.  Payment of the tax is subject to estimated tax requirements.  For more information concerning payment of esti­mated tax, see the Instructions for Form 990-PF.  Nonexempt private foundations are also subject to this tax, but only to the extent that the sum of the 2 percent tax plus tax on unrelated busi­ness income, applied as if the foundation were tax-exempt, is greater than income tax liability for the year.

Example.  A taxable private foundation had an income tax liability for 2002 of $10,000.  If the foundation were tax exempt, it would have a $4,000 liability for tax on net investment income and a $7,000 liability for tax on unrelated busi­ness income.  The foundation is liable under sec­tion 4940 for $1,000, the amount by which the sum of the tax on net investment income and the tax on unrelated business income ($11,000) ex­ceeds the amount of income tax liability ($10,000).


Return to Life Cycle of a Private Foundation
Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 17-Mar-2014