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Identity Protection: Prevention, Detection and Victim Assistance

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Identity theft places a burden on its victims and presents a challenge to businesses, organizations and government agencies, including the IRS. Tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your stolen social security number to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund.

The IRS combats tax-related identity theft with an aggressive strategy of prevention, detection and victim assistance. We are making progress against this crime, but it remains one of our highest priorities. And, if you become a victim, we are committed to helping you resolve your case as quickly as possible.

The IRS, the states and private-sector partners have announced new steps to fight identity theft and protect taxpayers.

Are you a victim of tax-related identity theft?

Review the following resource information:

Identity theft information for tax preparers and businesses

What the IRS is doing to combat identity theft

Additional Identity Theft Resources

Remember: 
The IRS doesn't initiate contact with taxpayers by email to request personal or financial information. This includes any type of electronic communication, such as text messages and social media channels.

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 08-Jul-2015

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