Identity Protection: Prevention, Detection and Victim Assistance
Identity theft places a burden on its victims and presents a challenge to businesses, organizations and government agencies, including the IRS. Tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your stolen social security number to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund.
The IRS combats tax-related identity theft with an aggressive strategy of prevention, detection and victim assistance. We are making progress against this crime, but it remains one of our highest priorities. And, if you become a victim, we are committed to helping you resolve your case as quickly as possible.
The IRS, the states and private-sector partners have announced new steps to fight identity theft and protect taxpayers.
Are you a victim of tax-related identity theft?
Review the following resource information:
- Taxpayer Guide to Identity Theft
- Publication 5027 Identity Theft Information for Taxpayers (PDF)
- Data Breach: Tax-Related Information
- Identity Protection Tips
Identity theft information for tax preparers and businesses
- Identity Theft Information for Tax Preparers
- Publication 5199 Tax Preparer Guide to Identity Theft (PDF)
- Information for businesses about data breaches and identity theft
- Tax Practitioner Guide to Business Identity Theft
What the IRS is doing to combat identity theft
- What we’re doing to combat identity theft
- Special identity theft enforcement efforts
- Law Enforcement Assistance Program
Additional Identity Theft Resources
The IRS doesn't initiate contact with taxpayers by email to request personal or financial information. This includes any type of electronic communication, such as text messages and social media channels.