Profit or Loss From Business


Introduction

Use Schedule C (Form 1040) to report income or loss from a business you operated or a profession you practiced as a sole proprietor. An activity qualifies as a business if your primary purpose for engaging in the activity is for income or profit and you are involved in the activity with continuity and regularity. For example, a sporadic activity or a hobby does not qualify as a business. To report income from a nonbusiness activity, see the instructions for Form 1040, line 21, or Form 1040NR, line 21.

Also use Schedule C to report (a) wages and expenses you had as a statutory employee, (b) income and deductions of certain qualified joint ventures, and (c) certain income shown on Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income. See the Instructions for Recipient (back of Copy B of Form 1099-MISC) for the types of income to report on Schedule C.

Small businesses and statutory employees with business expenses of $5,000 or less may be able to file Schedule C-EZ instead of Schedule C. See Schedule C-EZ for details.

You may be subject to state and local taxes and other requirements such as business licenses and fees. Check with your state and local governments for more information.

Future Developments

For the latest information about developments related to Schedule C (Form 1040) and its instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to www.irs.gov/schedulec.

What's New

Standard mileage rate.   The business standard mileage rate for 2013 is 56.5 cents per mile.

Simplified method for business use of home deduction.   The IRS now provides a simplified method to determine your expenses for business use of a home. For more information and to determine if you can use the simplified method, see Line 30, later.


More Online Instructions