Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2004-30 

July 26, 2004 

T.D. 9134

Excise Tax Relating to Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions


DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
Internal Revenue Service
26 CFR Parts 157 and 602

AGENCY:

Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION:

Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations.

SUMMARY:

This document contains final regulations relating to the manner and method of reporting and paying the nondeductible 40 percent excise tax imposed on any person who acquires structured settlement payment rights in a structured settlement factoring transaction. The regulations provide the guidance necessary to comply with the reporting requirements of the excise tax.

DATES:

Effective Date: These regulations are effective July 8, 2004.

Applicability Dates: For dates of applicability, see §157.5891-1(e).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Shareen S. Pflanz of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax and Accounting) at 202-622-4920 (not a toll-free call).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Paperwork Reduction Act

The collections of information contained in these final regulations have been reviewed and approved by the Office of Management and Budget in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507(d)) under control number 1545-1824. The collections of information in these final regulations are in §§157.6001-1, 157.6011-1, 157.6081-1, and 157.6161-1. This information is required by the IRS to verify that the excise tax imposed under section 5891 is properly reported on Form 8876 and timely paid. This information will be used for that purpose.

An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a valid control number assigned by the Office of Management and Budget.

The burden is reflected in the burden estimate on Form 8876. Suggestions for reducing the burden of the collection of information in these regulations should be sent to the Internal Revenue Service, Attn: IRS Reports Clearance Officer, SE:W:CAR:MP:T:T:SP, Washington, DC 20224, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Attn: Desk Officer for the Department of the Treasury, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Washington, DC 20503.

Books or records relating to a collection of information must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any internal revenue law. Generally, tax returns and tax return information are confidential, as required by 26 U.S.C. 6103.

Background

This document contains final regulations that replace the temporary regulations in 26 CFR part 157. The regulations provide guidance on the proper manner and method of reporting and paying the 40 percent excise tax imposed under section 5891. The regulations reflect the addition to the Internal Revenue Code (Code) of chapter 55 and section 5891 by section 115 of the Victims of Terrorism Tax Relief Act of 2001, Public Law 107-134, (115 Stat. 2427, 2436-2439). On February 19, 2003, temporary regulations (T.D. 9042, 2003-1 C.B. 564) adding a new part 157, Excise Tax on Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions, to title 26 of the Code of Federal Regulations were published in the Federal Register (68 FR 7922). A notice of proposed rulemaking (REG-139768-02, 2003-1 C.B. 583) cross-referencing the temporary regulations was also published in the Federal Register (68 FR 7956). No public hearing was requested or held. One written comment responding to the notice of proposed rulemaking was received in which the writer commended the issuance of the temporary and proposed regulations and urged that they be finalized without change. The proposed regulations are adopted by this Treasury decision without any substantive changes.

Special Analyses

It has been determined that this Treasury decision is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5), does not apply to these regulations. It is hereby certified that the collection of information in these regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This certification is based upon the expectation that the excise tax imposed by section 5891 will apply to few structured settlement factoring transactions. Therefore, a Regulatory Flexibility Analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) is not required. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Code, the proposed regulations preceding these final regulations were submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact.

Adoption of Amendments to the Regulations

Accordingly, title 26 CFR parts 157 and 602 are amended as follows:

Paragraph 1. Part 157 is revised to read as follows:

PART 157—EXCISE TAX ON STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS

Subpart A — Tax on Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions

Sec.

157.5891-1 Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions.

Subpart B — Procedure and Administration

157.6001-1 Records, statements, and special returns.

157.6011-1 General requirement of return, statement, or list.

157.6061-1 Signing of returns and other documents.

157.6065-1 Verification of returns.

157.6071-1 Time for filing returns.

157.6081-1 Extension of time for filing the return.

157.6091-1 Place for filing returns.

157.6151-1 Time and place for paying of tax shown on returns.

157.6161-1 Extension of time for paying tax.

157.6165-1 Bonds where time to pay tax has been extended.

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805.

Section 157.6001-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6001.

Section 157.6011-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6011.

Section 157.6061-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6061.

Section 157.6071-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6071.

Section 157.6091-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6091.

Section 157.6161-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 6161.

Subpart A — Tax on Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions

§157.5891-1 Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions.

(a) In general. Section 5891 imposes on any person who acquires, directly or indirectly, structured settlement payment rights in a structured settlement factoring transaction a tax equal to 40 percent of the factoring discount with respect to such factoring transaction.

(b) Exceptions for certain approved transactions—(1) In general. The excise tax shall not apply to a structured settlement factoring transaction if the transfer of structured settlement payment rights is approved in advance in a qualified order.

(2) Qualified order dispositive. A qualified order shall be treated as dispositive for purposes of this exception.

(c) Definitions—(1) Applicable state statute means—

(i) A statute that is enacted by the state in which the payee of the structured settlement is domiciled and provides for the entry of an order, judgment, or decree described in paragraph (c)(4)(i) of this section; or

(ii) If there is no such statute, a statute that—

(A) Is enacted by the state in which either the party to the structured settlement (including an assignee under a qualified assignment under section 130) or the person issuing the funding asset for the structured settlement is domiciled or has its principal place of business; and

(B) Provides for the entry of such an order, judgment, or decree.

(2) Applicable state court means, with respect to any applicable state statute, a court of the state that enacted such statute. If the payee of the structured settlement is not domiciled in the state that enacted the statute, the term also includes a court of the state in which the payee is domiciled.

(3) Factoring discount means an amount equal to the excess of—

(i) The aggregate undiscounted amount of structured settlement payments being acquired in the structured settlement factoring transaction; over

(ii) The total amount actually paid by the acquirer to the person from whom such structured settlement payments are acquired.

(4) Qualified order means a final order, judgment, or decree that—

(i) Finds that the transfer of structured settlement payment rights does not contravene any Federal or state statute, or the order of any court or responsible administrative authority, and is in the best interest of the payee, taking into account the welfare and support of the payee’s dependents; and

(ii) Is issued under the authority of an applicable state statute by an applicable state court, or is issued by the responsible administrative authority (if any) which has exclusive jurisdiction over the underlying action or proceeding which was resolved by means of the structured settlement.

(5) Responsible administrative authority means the administrative authority that had jurisdiction over the underlying action or proceeding that was resolved by means of the structured settlement.

(6) State includes the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and any possession of the United States.

(7) Structured settlement means an arrangement—

(i) that is established by—

(A) Suit or agreement for the periodic payment of damages excludable from the gross income of the recipient under section 104(a)(2); or

(B) Agreement for the periodic payment of compensation under any workers’ compensation law excludable from the gross income of the recipient under section 104(a)(1); and

(ii) Under which the periodic payments are—

(A) Of the character described in section 130(c)(2)(A) and (B); and

(B) Payable by a person who is a party to the suit or agreement or to the workers’ compensation claim or by a person who has assumed the liability for such periodic payments under a qualified assignment in accordance with section 130.

(8) Structured settlement factoring transaction means a transfer of structured settlement payment rights (including portions of structured settlement payments) made for consideration by means of sale, assignment, pledge, or other form of encumbrance or alienation for consideration other than—

(i) The creation or perfection of a security interest in structured settlement payment rights under a blanket security agreement entered into with an insured depository institution in the absence of any action to redirect the structured settlement payments to such institution (or agent or successor thereof) or otherwise to enforce such blanket security interest as against the structured settlement payment rights; or

(ii) A subsequent transfer of structured settlement payment rights acquired in a structured settlement factoring transaction.

(9) Structured settlement payment rights means rights to receive payments under a structured settlement.

(d) Coordination with other provisions of the Internal Revenue Code—(1) In general. If the applicable requirements of sections 72, 104(a)(1), 104(a)(2), 130, and 461(h) were satisfied at the time the structured settlement involving structured settlement payment rights was entered into, the subsequent occurrence of a structured settlement factoring transaction shall not affect the application of the provisions of such sections to the parties to the structured settlement (including an assignee under a qualified assignment under section 130) in any taxable year.

(2) No withholding of tax. The provisions of section 3405 regarding withholding of tax shall not apply to the person making the payments in the event of a structured settlement factoring transaction.

(e) Effective dates. This section applies to structured settlement factoring transactions entered into on or after July 8, 2004. For structured settlement factoring transactions entered into before July 8, 2004, see §157.5891-1T of this chapter (2003-1 C.B. 564. See §601.601(d)(2) of this chapter.), as it appeared in the April 1, 2003, edition of 26 CFR part 157.

Subpart B — Procedure and Administration

§157.6001-1 Records, statements, and special returns.

(a) In general. Any person subject to tax under chapter 55 (Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions) of the Internal Revenue Code must keep such complete and detailed records as are sufficient to enable the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to determine accurately the amount of liability under chapter 55.

(b) Notice by the IRS requiring returns, statements, or the keeping of records. The IRS may require any person, by notice served upon him, to make such returns, render such statements, or keep such specific records as will enable the IRS to determine whether or not the person is liable for tax under chapter 55.

(c) Retention of records. The records required by this section must be kept at all times available for inspection by the IRS, and shall be retained so long as the contents thereof may become material in the administration of any internal revenue law.

§157.6011-1 General requirement of return, statement, or list.

Every person liable for tax under section 5891 must file a return with respect to the tax in accordance with the forms and instructions provided by the Internal Revenue Service.

§157.6061-1 Signing of returns and other documents.

Any return, statement, or other document required to be made with respect to a tax imposed by chapter 55 (Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions) of the Internal Revenue Code or the regulations under chapter 55 must be signed by the person required to file the return, statement, or other document, or by the persons required or duly authorized to sign in accordance with the regulations, forms, or instructions prescribed with respect to such return, statement, or document. An individual’s signature on such return, statement, or other document shall be prima facie evidence that the individual is authorized to sign the return, statement, or other document.

§157.6065-1 Verification of returns.

If a return, statement, or other document made under the provisions of chapter 55 (Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions) or of subtitle F of the Internal Revenue Code, or the regulations under those provisions with respect to any tax imposed by chapter 55, or the form and instructions issued with respect to such return, statement, or other document, requires that it shall contain or be verified by a written declaration that it is made under the penalties of perjury, it must be so verified by the person or persons required to sign such return, statement, or other document. In addition, any other statement or document submitted under any provision of chapter 55 or subtitle F, or the regulations under those provisions, with respect to any tax imposed by chapter 55 may be required to contain or be verified by written declaration that it is made under the penalties of perjury.

§157.6071-1 Time for filing returns.

(a) In general. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, returns required by §157.6011-1 (relating to returns of tax with respect to structured settlement factoring transactions) must be filed on or before the ninetieth day following the receipt of structured settlement payment rights in a structured settlement factoring transaction.

(b) Returns relating to structured settlement payment rights received before February 19, 2003. Returns required by §157.6011-1 that relate to structured settlement payment rights received on or before February 19, 2003, must be filed on or before May 20, 2003.

§157.6081-1 Extension of time for filing the return.

(a) Application for extension. An application for an extension of time for filing the return required by §157.6011-1 (relating to returns of tax with respect to structured settlement factoring transactions) must be completed in accordance with the forms and instructions provided by the Internal Revenue Service. It should be made before the expiration of the time within which the return otherwise must be filed, and failure to do so may indicate negligence and constitute sufficient cause for denial. It should, where possible, be made sufficiently early to permit consideration of the matter and reply before what otherwise would be the due date of the return. An extension of time for filing a return shall not extend the time for the payment of the tax or any part thereof unless specified to the contrary in the grant of the extension.

(b) Filing of return. If an extension of time for filing the return is granted, a return must be filed before the period of extension expires.

§157.6091-1 Place for filing returns.

The return required by §157.6011-1 (relating to returns of tax with respect to structured settlement factoring transactions) must be filed at the place specified in the forms and instructions provided by the Internal Revenue Service.

§157.6151-1 Time and place for paying of tax shown on returns.

The tax under chapter 55 (Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions) of the Internal Revenue Code shown on any return must, without assessment or notice and demand, be paid at the time and place specified in the forms and instructions provided by the Internal Revenue Service. For provisions relating to the time and place for filing such return, see §157.6071-1 and §157.6091-1. For provisions relating to the extension of time for paying the tax, see §157.6161-1.

§157.6161-1 Extension of time for paying tax.

(a) In general—(1) Tax shown or required to be shown on return. The Internal Revenue Service may, at the request of the taxpayer, grant a reasonable extension of time for payment of the amount of any tax imposed by chapter 55 (Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions) of the Internal Revenue Code and shown or required to be shown on any return. The period of such extension shall not exceed 6 months from the date fixed for payment of such tax, except that in the case of a taxpayer that is abroad, such extension may exceed 6 months.

(2) Extension of time for filing distinguished. The granting of an extension of time for filing a return does not extend the time for the payment of the tax or any part thereof unless so specified in the extension.

(b) Certain rules relating to extension of time for paying income tax to apply. The provisions of §1.6161-1(b), (c), and (d) of this chapter (relating to a requirement for undue hardship, to the application for extension, and to payment pursuant to an extension) shall apply to extensions of time for payment of the tax imposed by chapter 55 of the Code.

§157.6165-1 Bonds where time to pay tax has been extended.

If an extension of time for payment is granted under section 6161, the Internal Revenue Service may, if it deems necessary, require a bond for the payment, in accordance with the terms of the extension, of the amount with respect to which the extension is granted. However, the bond shall not exceed double the amount with respect to which the extension is granted. For provisions relating to the form of bonds, see the regulations under section 7101 contained in part 301 (Regulations on Procedure and Administration) of this chapter.

PART 602—OMB CONTROL NUMBERS UNDER THE PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT

Par. 2. The authority citation for part 602 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805.

Par. 3. In §602.101,  paragraph (b) is amended by removing the entries for “157.6001-1T,” “157.6011-1T,” “157.6081-1T,” and “157.6161-1T” and adding entries in numerical order to the table to read, in part, as follows:

§602.101 OMB Control numbers.

* * * * *

(b) * * *

CFR part or section where identified and described Current OMB control No.
* * * * *  
157.6001-1 1545-1824
157.6011-1 1545-1824
157.6081-1 1545-1824
157.6161-1 1545-1824
* * * * *  

Mark E. Matthews,
Deputy Commissioner for
Services and Enforcement
.

Approved June 23, 2004.

Gregory Jenner,
Acting Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.

Note

(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on July 7, 2004, 8:45 a. m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for July 8, 2004, 69 F.R. 41192)

Drafting Information

The principal author of these final regulations is Shareen S. Pflanz, Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax and Accounting). However, other personnel from the IRS and Treasury Department participated in their development.

* * * * *


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