Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2008-36 

September 8, 2008 

T.D. 9415

REMIC Residual Interests—Accounting for REMIC Net Income (Including Any Excess Inclusions) (Foreign Holders)


DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
Internal Revenue Service
26 CFR Part 1

AGENCY:

Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION:

Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations.

SUMMARY:

This document contains final regulations relating to income that is associated with a residual interest in a Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (REMIC) and that is allocated through certain entities to foreign persons who have invested in those entities. The foreign persons covered by these regulations include partners in domestic partnerships, shareholders of real estate investment trusts, shareholders of regulated investment companies, participants in common trust funds, and patrons of subchapter T cooperatives. These regulations are necessary to prevent inappropriate avoidance of current income tax liability by foreign persons to whom income from REMIC residual interests is allocated.

DATES:

Effective Date: These regulations are effective on July 14, 2008.

Dates of Applicability: For dates of applicability, see §§1.860A-1(b)(5), 1.863-1(f) and 1.1441-2(f).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Arturo Estrada, (202) 622-3900 (not a toll-free number).

Background

This document contains amendments to 26 CFR part 1 under sections 860A, 860G(b), 863, 1441, and 1442 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). On August 1, 2006, temporary regulations (T.D. 9272, 2006-2 C.B. 332) were published in the Federal Register (71 FR 43363). A notice of proposed rulemaking (REG-159929-02, 2006-2 C.B. 341) cross-referencing the temporary regulations was published in the Federal Register for the same day (71 FR 43398). The preamble to the temporary regulations contains an explanation of these provisions. No comments were received from the public in response to the notice of proposed rulemaking. Accordingly, this Treasury Decision adopts the proposed regulations without any substantive changes. No public hearing was requested or held.

Dates of Applicability

The regulations regarding the timing of REMIC income inclusions apply to REMIC net income of a foreign person with respect to REMIC residual interests with respect to which the first REMIC net income allocation to the foreign person under section 860C occurs on or after August 1, 2006. The regulations regarding the source of excess inclusions are applicable for taxable years ending after August 1, 2006.

Special Analyses

It has been determined that this Treasury decision is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It has also been determined that section 553(b) and (d) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to this regulation.

Pursuant to section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. §605(b), it has also been determined that the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply to these regulations because these regulations do not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. According to the Small Business Administration definition of a “small business,” 13 C.F.R. 121.201, a REMIC is classified as an “Other Financial Vehicle,” NAICS code 525990, and is considered a small entity if it accumulates less than 6.5 million dollars in annual receipts. It has been determined that REMICs affected by these regulations generally will have greater than 6.5 million dollars in annual receipts and therefore will not generally be classified as small business entities. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, the notice of proposed rulemaking preceding this regulation was submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business.

Adoption of Amendments to the Regulations

Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is amended as follows:

PART 1—INCOME TAXES

Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 is amended by removing the entries for §§860A-1T and 860G-3T to read as follows:

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

Par. 2. Section 1.860A-0 is amended by adding entries for §§1.860A-1(b)(5) and 1.860G-3(b) and removing the entries for §§1.860A-1T and 1.860G-3T to read as follows:

§1.860A-0 Outline of REMIC provisions.

* * * * *

§1.860A-1 Effective dates and transition rules.

* * * * *

(b) * * *

(5) Accounting for REMIC net income of foreign persons.

* * * * *

§1.860G-3 Treatment of Foreign Persons.

* * * * *

(b) Accounting for REMIC net income.

(1) Allocation of partnership income to a foreign partner.

(2) Excess inclusion income allocated by certain pass-through entities to a foreign person.

Par. 3. Section 1.860A-1(b)(5) is revised to read as follows:

§1.860A-1 Effective dates and transition rules.

* * * * *

(b) * * *

(5) Accounting for REMIC net income of foreign persons. Section 1.860G-3(b) is applicable to REMIC net income (including excess inclusions) of a foreign person with respect to a REMIC residual interest if the first net income allocation under section 860C(a)(1) to the foreign person with respect to that interest occurs on or after August 1, 2006.

§1.860A-1T [Removed]

Par. 4. Section 1.860A-1T is removed.

Par. 5. Section 1.860G-3(b) is revised to read as follows:

§1.860G-3 Treatment of foreign persons.

* * * * *

(b) Accounting for REMIC net income—(1) Allocation of partnership income to a foreign partner. A domestic partnership shall separately state its allocable share of REMIC taxable income or net loss in accordance with §1.702-1(a)(8). If a domestic partnership allocates all or some portion of its allocable share of REMIC taxable income to a partner that is a foreign person, the amount allocated to the foreign partner shall be taken into account by the foreign partner for purposes of sections 871(a), 881, 1441, and 1442 as if that amount were received on the last day of the partnership’s taxable year, except to the extent that some or all of the amount is required to be taken into account by the foreign partner at an earlier time under section 860G(b) as a result of a distribution by the partnership to the foreign partner or a disposition of the foreign partner’s indirect interest in the REMIC residual interest. A disposition in whole or in part of the foreign partner’s indirect interest in the REMIC residual interest may occur as a result of a termination of the REMIC, a disposition of the partnership’s residual interest in the REMIC, a disposition of the foreign partner’s interest in the partnership, or any other reduction in the foreign partner’s allocable share of the portion of the REMIC net income or deduction allocated to the partnership. See §1.871-14(d)(2) for the treatment of interest received on a regular or residual interest in a REMIC. For a partnership’s withholding obligations with respect to excess inclusion amounts described in this paragraph (b)(1), see §§1.1441-2(b)(5), 1.1441-2(d)(4), 1.1441-5(b)(2)(i)(A), and §§1.1446-1 through 1.1446-7.

(2) Excess inclusion income allocated by certain pass-through entities to a foreign person. If an amount is allocated under section 860E(d)(1) to a foreign person that is a shareholder of a real estate investment trust or a regulated investment company, a participant in a common trust fund, or a patron of an organization to which part I of subchapter T applies and if the amount so allocated is governed by section 860E(d)(2) (treating it “as an excess inclusion with respect to a residual interest held by” the taxpayer), the amount shall be taken into account for purposes of sections 871(a), 881, 1441, and 1442 at the same time as the time prescribed for other income of the shareholder, participant, or patron from the trust, company, fund, or organization.

§1.860G-3T [Removed]

Par. 6. Section 1.860G-3T is removed.

Par. 7. Section 1.863-0 is amended by adding an entry for 1.863-1(f) and removing the entries for §1.863-1T to read as follows:

§1.863-1 Allocation of gross income under section 863(a).

* * * * *

(f) Effective/applicability date.

Par. 8. Section 1.863-1 paragraphs (e)(2) and (f) are revised to read as follows:

§1.863-1 Allocation of gross income under section 863(a).

* * * * *

(e) * * * (1) * * *

(2) Excess inclusion income and net losses. An excess inclusion (as defined in section 860E(c)) shall be treated as income from sources within the United States. To the extent of excess inclusion income previously taken into account with respect to a residual interest (reduced by net losses previously taken into account under this paragraph), a net loss (described in section 860C(b)(2)) with respect to the residual interest shall be allocated to the class of gross income and apportioned to the statutory grouping(s) or residual grouping of gross income to which the excess inclusion income was assigned.

(f) Effective/applicability date. Paragraph (e)(2) of this section applies for taxable years ending after August 1, 2006.

§1.863-1T [Removed]

Par. 9. Section 1.863-1T is removed.

Par. 10. Section 1.1441-0 is amended by revising the entry for §1.1441-2(f) and removing the entries for §1.1441-2T to read as follows:

§1.1441-0 Outline of regulation provisions for section 1441.

* * * * *

§1.1441-2 Amounts subject to withholding.

* * * * *

(f) Effective/applicability date.

Par. 11. Section 1.1441-2(b)(5), (d)(4) and (f) are revised to read as follows:

§1.1441-2 Amounts subject to withholding.

* * * * *

(b) * * *

(5) REMIC residual interests. Amounts subject to withholding include an excess inclusion described in §1.860G-3(b)(2) and the portion of an amount described in §1.860G-3(b)(1) that is an excess inclusion.

* * * * *

(d) * * *

(4) Withholding exemption inapplicable. The exemption in §1.1441-2(d) from the obligation to withhold shall not apply to amounts described in §1.860G-3(b)(1) (regarding certain partnership allocations of REMIC net income with respect to a REMIC residual interest).

* * * * *

(f) Effective/applicability date. This section applies to payments made after December 31, 2000. Paragraphs (b)(5) and (d)(4) of this section apply to payments made after August 1, 2006.

§1.1441-2T [Removed]

Par. 12. Section 1.1441-2T is removed.

Linda E. Stiff,
Deputy Commissioner for
Services and Enforcement.

Approved June 30, 2008.

Eric Solomon,
Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury (Tax Policy).

Note

(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on July 11, 2008, 8:45 a.m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for July 14, 2008, 73 F.R. 40171)

Drafting Information

The principal author of these regulations is Dale Collinson, formerly with the Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (Financial Institutions and Products). However, other personnel from the IRS and Treasury Department participated in their development.

* * * * *


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