Internal Revenue Bulletin: 2009-5
February 2, 2009
Table of Contents
This document contains final regulations relating to disclosures of corporate tax return information to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (Bureau). The final regulations authorize the IRS to disclose certain items of corporate tax return information to the Secretary of Commerce for purposes of structuring United States national economic accounts and conducting related statistical activities authorized by law. The final regulations facilitate the assistance of the IRS to the Bureau in its statistics programs, require no action by taxpayers, and have no effect on their tax liabilities.
Effective Date: These regulations are effective on December 29, 2008.
Applicability Date: These regulations apply to disclosures made to the Bureau of Economic Analysis on or after December 29, 2008.
This document contains final regulations amending the Procedure and Administration Regulations (26 CFR Part 301) under section 6103(j)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). The final regulations contain rules relating to the disclosure of corporate tax return information to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (Bureau) of the Department of Commerce for the purpose of, but only to the extent necessary in, structuring national economic accounts and conducting related statistical activities authorized by law.
Section 6103(j)(1)(B) provides that, upon written request from the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of the Treasury shall furnish to BEA return information that is prescribed by Treasury regulations for the purpose of, but only to the extent necessary in, structuring of national economic accounts and conducting related statistical activities authorized by law. Prior regulations under section 6103(j)(1)(B) permitted the disclosure to BEA of return information from corporate returns processed by the IRS’s Statistics of Income Division for its corporate sample file.
By letter dated December 18, 2003, the Department of Commerce requested disclosure of certain items of return information obtained from all corporate returns, not just those processed by the IRS’s Statistics of Income Division for its corporate sample file. Proposed regulations (REG-148864-03, 2006-2 C.B. 320 [71 FR 38323]) and temporary regulations (T.D. 9267, 2006-2 C.B. 313 [71 FR 38262]) were published in the Federal Register on July 6, 2006. The Department of Commerce thereafter submitted comments requesting certain technical corrections to the items of corporate return information authorized to be disclosed. No other comments were received, and no public hearing was requested or held. After consideration of the comments received from the Department of Commerce, the proposed regulations, as amended by this Treasury decision, are adopted as final regulations, and the corresponding temporary regulations are removed. See §601.601(d)(2)(ii)(b). These final regulations generally retain the provisions of the proposed regulations with the inclusion of the additional requested items as explained in more detail in this preamble.
Proposed §301.6103(j)(1)-1(c)(3) provided an itemized description of the corporate tax return information authorized to be disclosed to the Bureau for the purpose of structuring national economic accounts and conducting related statistical activities required by law. In its comments, the Department of Commerce requested that certain additional items of corporate tax return information that are essential to the Bureau’s ability to measure accurately U.S. economic activity be included in the itemized list in the final regulations. Most of the additional items of corporate tax return information to which the Department of Commerce requests access are slightly different variants of the same items authorized in the proposed regulations. The inclusion of these items will enable the Bureau to measure accurately corporate profits, gross domestic product, and other measures of activity in the economy. After consideration of these comments, the Treasury Department and IRS have included the additional requested items in the final regulations.
It has been determined that this Treasury decision is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations. Because the regulations do not impose a collection of information on small entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, the notice of proposed rulemaking preceding these regulations was submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact on small businesses.
Accordingly, 26 CFR Part 301 is amended as follows:
Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read in part as follows:
Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *
Par. 2. Section 301.6103(j)(1)-1 is amended by revising paragraphs (c) introductory text, (c)(1) and (e) and removing and reserving paragraph (c)(2), and adding paragraph (c)(3) to read as follows:
* * * * *
(c) Disclosure of return information reflected on returns of corporations to officers and employees of the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
(1) As authorized by law for purposes of, but only to the extent necessary in, conducting and preparing statistical analyses, the Internal Revenue Service will disclose to officers and employees of the Bureau of Economic Analysis all return information, regardless of format or medium and including edited information from the Statistics of Income sample, of designated classes or categories of corporations with respect to the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) The Internal Revenue Service will disclose the following return information reflected on returns filed by corporations to officers and employees of the Bureau of Economic Analysis:
(i) From the business master files of the Internal Revenue Service—
(A) Taxpayer identity information (as defined in section 6103(b)(6)) with respect to corporate taxpayers;
(B) Business or industry activity codes;
(C) Filing requirement code; and
(D) Physical location.
(ii) From Form SS-4, “Application for Employer Identification Number,” filed by an entity identifying itself on the form as a corporation or a private services corporation—
(A) Taxpayer identity information (as defined in section 6103(b)(6), including legal, trade, and business name);
(B) Physical location;
(C) State or country of incorporation;
(D) Entity type (corporate only);
(E) Estimated highest number of employees expected in the next 12 months;
(F) Principal activity of the business;
(G) Principal line of merchandise;
(H) Posting cycle date relative to filing; and
(I) Document code.
(iii) From an employment tax return filed by a corporation—
(A) Taxpayer identity information (as defined in section 6103(b)(6));
(B) Total compensation reported;
(C) Taxable wages paid for purposes of Chapter 21 to each employee;
(D) Master file tax account code (MFT);
(E) Total number of individuals employed in the taxable period covered by the return;
(F) Posting cycle date relative to filing;
(G) Accounting period covered; and
(H) Document code.
(iv) From returns of corporate taxpayers, including Form 1120, “U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return,” Form 851, “Affiliations Schedule,” and other business returns, schedules and forms that the Internal Revenue Service may issue—
(A) Taxpayer identity information (as defined in section 6103(b)(6)), including that of a parent corporation, affiliate, or subsidiary; a shareholder; a foreign corporation of which one or more U.S. shareholders (as defined in section 951(b)) own at least 10% of the voting stock; a foreign trust; and a U.S. agent of a foreign trust;
(B) Gross sales and receipts;
(C) Gross income, including life insurance company gross income;
(D) Gross income from sources outside the U.S.;
(E) Gross rents from real property;
(F) Other Gross Rents;
(G) Total Gross Rents;
(H) Returns and allowances;
(I) Percentage of foreign ownership of corporations and trusts;
(J) Fact of ownership of foreign partnerships;
(K) Fact of ownership of foreign entity disregarded as a foreign entity;
(L) Country of the foreign owner;
(M) Gross value of the portion of the foreign trust owned by filer;
(N) Country of incorporation;
(O) Cost of labor, salaries, and wages;
(P) Total assets;
(Q) The quantity of certain forms attached that are returns of U.S. persons with respect to foreign disregarded entities, partnerships, and corporations.
(R) Posting cycle date relative to filing;
(S) Accounting period covered;
(T) Master file tax account code (MFT);
(U) Document code; and
(V) Principal industrial activity code.
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(e) Effective/applicability date. This section applies to disclosures to the Bureau of Economic Analysis on or after December 29, 2008.
Par. 3. Section 301.6103(j)(1)-1T is removed.
Linda E. Stiff,
Deputy Commissioner for
Services and Enforcement.
Approved December 17, 2008.
Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury (Tax Policy).
(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on December 24, 2008, 8:45 a.m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for December 25, 2008, 73 F.R. 79361)
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