Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2008-8 

February 25, 2008 

T.D. 9373

Disclosure of Return Information to the Bureau of the Census


DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
Internal Revenue Service
26 CFR Part 301

AGENCY:

Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION:

Temporary regulation.

SUMMARY:

This document contains a temporary regulation that adds an additional item of return information that may be disclosed to the Bureau of the Census (Bureau). The regulation adds one item of return information for use in the Bureau’s annual Survey of Industrial Research and Development. The temporary regulation provides guidance to IRS personnel responsible for disclosing the information. This regulation facilitates the assistance of the IRS to the Bureau in its statistics programs and requires no action by taxpayers and has no effect on their tax liabilities. The text of the temporary regulation also serves as the text of the proposed regulation (REG-147832-07) set forth in this issue of the Bulletin.

DATES:

Effective Date: This regulation is effective on December 31, 2007.

Applicability Date: For dates of applicability, see §301.6103(j)(1)-1T(e).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Glenn Melcher, (202) 622-4570 (not a toll-free number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

Under section 6103(j)(1)(A), upon written request from the Secretary of Commerce, the Treasury Secretary is to furnish to the Bureau of the Census (Bureau) return information as may be prescribed by Treasury regulations for the purpose of, but only to the extent necessary in, structuring censuses and conducting related statistical activities authorized by law. Section 301.6103(j)(1)-1 of the regulations further defines such purposes by reference to 13 U.S.C. chapter 5 and provides an itemized description of the return information authorized to be disclosed for such purposes.

This document adopts a temporary regulation that authorizes the IRS to disclose an additional item of return information, which has been requested by the Secretary of Commerce, that is necessary for the Bureau’s annual Survey of Industrial Research and Development.

The temporary regulation in this issue of the Bulletin amends the Procedure and Administration Regulations (26 CFR Part 301) relating to Internal Revenue Code (Code) section 6103(j)(1)(A). This amendment to the regulation contains rules relating to the disclosure of return information reflected on returns to officers and employees of the Department of Commerce for structuring censuses and conducting related statistical activities authorized by law.

Explanation of Provisions

By letter dated February 6, 2006, the Secretary of Commerce requested that an additional item of return information be disclosed to the Bureau for purposes related to the Bureau’s annual Survey of Industrial Research and Development. Specifically, the Secretary of Commerce requested categorical information on total qualified research expenses in three ranges: greater than zero, but less than $1 million; greater than or equal to $1 million, but less than $3 million; and, greater than or equal to $3 million. The request indicates that because of the small number of companies with research and development expenses it is difficult to design an efficient sample that produces reliable estimates. Data on total qualified research expenses from the Form 6765, Credit for Increasing Research Activities, will assist the Bureau in identifying companies that are actively engaged in research and development activities for the annual Survey of Industrial Research and Development.

Special Analyses

It has been determined that this Treasury decision is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to this regulation. For applicability of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6), please refer to the cross-referenced notice of proposed rulemaking published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Code, this regulation has been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business.

Amendments to the Regulations

Accordingly, 26 CFR Part 301 is amended as follows:

PART 301—PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION

Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read in part as follows:

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

Par. 2. Section 301.6103(j)(1)-1T is amended by revising paragraphs (a), (b), and (e) and removing paragraph (f) to read as follows:

§301.6103(j)(1)-1T Disclosure of return information reflected on returns to officers and employees of the Department of Commerce for certain statistical purposes and related activities (temporary).

(a) through (b)(3)(xxiv) [Reserved]. For further guidance, see §301.6103(j)1)-1(a) and (b)(1) through (b)(3)(xxiv).

(xxv) From Form 6765 (when filed with corporation income tax returns) — total qualified research expenses.

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(e) Effective/applicability date. This section is applicable to disclosures to the Bureau of Economic Analysis on or after July 6, 2006. The amendment to paragraph (b)(3)(xxv) of this section is applicable to disclosures to the Bureau of the Census on or after December 31, 2007. The applicability of the amendment to paragraph (b)(3)(xxv) expires on or before December 28, 2010.

Linda E. Stiff,
Deputy Commissioner for
Services and Enforcement.

Approved December 18, 2007.

Eric Solomon,
Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury (Tax Policy).

Note

(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on December 28, 2007, 8:45 a.m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for December 31, 2007, 72 F.R. 74192)

Drafting Information

The principal author of this temporary regulation is Glenn Melcher, Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (Procedure & Administration).

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