Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2008-14 

April 7, 2008 

T.D. 9379

Time and Manner for Electing Capital Asset Treatment for Certain Self-Created Musical Works


DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
Internal Revenue Service
26 CFR Part 1

AGENCY:

Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

ACTION:

Temporary regulation.

SUMMARY:

This document contains a temporary regulation that provides the time and manner for making an election to treat the sale or exchange of musical compositions or copyrights in musical works created by the taxpayer (or received by the taxpayer from the works’ creator in a transferred basis transaction) as the sale or exchange of a capital asset. The regulation reflects changes to the law made by the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 and the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006. The regulation affects taxpayers making the election under section 1221(b)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) to treat gain or loss from such a sale or exchange as capital gain or loss. The text of this temporary regulation also serves as the text of the proposed regulation (REG-153589-06) set forth in this issue of the Bulletin.

DATES:

Effective Date: This regulation is effective on February 8, 2008.

Applicability Dates: For dates of applicability, see §1.1221-3T(d).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Jamie Kim, (202) 622-4950 (not a toll-free number).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

Section 1221(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) generally provides that capital assets include all property held by a taxpayer with certain specified exclusions. Section 1221(a)(1) excludes from the definition of a capital asset inventory property or property held by a taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of the taxpayer’s trade or business. Section 1221(a)(3) excludes from the definition of a capital asset copyrights, literary, musical, or artistic compositions, letters or memoranda, or similar property held by a taxpayer whose personal efforts created the property (or held by a taxpayer whose basis in the property is determined by reference to the basis of such property in the hands of the taxpayer whose personal efforts created the property).

Section 1221(b)(3) of the Code, added by section 204 of the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-222, 120 Stat. 345) and amended by section 412 of the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432, 120 Stat. 2922), provides that, at the election of a taxpayer, the section 1221(a)(1) and (a)(3) exclusions from capital asset status do not apply to musical compositions or copyrights in musical works sold or exchanged by a taxpayer described in section 1221(a)(3). Thus, if a taxpayer who owns a musical composition or copyright in a musical work created by the taxpayer (or transferred to the taxpayer by the work’s creator in a section 1221(a)(3)(C) transferred basis transaction) elects the application of this provision, gain or loss from the sale or exchange of the musical composition or copyright is treated as capital gain or loss.

Explanation of Provisions

This temporary regulation provides rules regarding the time and manner for making an election under section 1221(b)(3) to treat gain or loss from the sale or exchange of certain musical compositions or copyrights in musical works as gain or loss from the sale or exchange of a capital asset.

Special Analyses

It has been determined that this Treasury decision is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to this regulation. For application of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. Chapter 6) please refer to the cross reference notice of proposed rulemaking published elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, this regulation has been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business.

Amendments to the Regulations

Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is amended as follows:

PART 1—INCOME TAXES

Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read in part as follows:

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

Par. 2. Section 1.1221-3T is added to read as follows:

§1.1221-3T Time and manner for electing capital asset treatment for certain self-created musical works (temporary).

(a) Description. Section 1221(b)(3) allows an electing taxpayer to treat the sale or exchange of a musical composition or copyright in a musical work created by the taxpayer’s personal efforts (or having a basis determined by reference to the basis of such property in the hands of a taxpayer whose personal efforts created such property) as the sale or exchange of a capital asset. As a consequence, gain or loss from the sale or exchange is treated as capital gain or loss. An election may be made for sales and exchanges in taxable years beginning after May 17, 2006.

(b) Time and manner for making the election. An election described in this section is made separately for each musical composition (or copyright in a musical work) sold or exchanged during the taxable year. An election must be made on or before the due date (including extensions) of the income tax return for the taxable year of the sale or exchange. An election is to be made on Schedule D, “Capital Gains and Losses,” of the appropriate income tax form (for example, Form 1040, “U.S. Individual Income Tax Return;” Form 1065, “U.S. Return of Partnership Income;” Form 1120, “U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return”) by treating the sale or exchange as the sale or exchange of a capital asset, in accordance with the form and its instructions.

(c) Revocability of election. An election described in this section is revocable with the consent of the Commissioner. To seek consent to revoke an election, a taxpayer must submit a request for a letter ruling under the appropriate revenue procedure. See, for example, Rev. Proc. 2007-1, 2007-1 C.B. 1 (updated annually). Alternatively, an automatic extension of 6 months from the due date of the taxpayer’s income tax return (excluding extensions) is granted to revoke an election, provided the taxpayer timely filed the taxpayer’s income tax return and, within this 6-month extension period, the taxpayer files an amended income tax return that treats the sale or exchange as the sale or exchange of property that is not a capital asset. See §601.601(d)(2)(ii)(b) of this Chapter.

(d) Effective/applicability date. (1) The rules of this section apply to sales and exchanges in taxable years beginning after May 17, 2006.

(2) Expiration date. This section expires on February 8, 2011.

Linda E. Stiff,
Deputy Commissioner for
Services and Enforcement.

Approved January 28, 2008.

Eric Solomon,
Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury (Tax Policy).

Note

(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on February 7, 2008, 8:45 a.m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for February 8, 2008, 73 F.R. 7464)

Drafting Information

The principal author of these regulations is Jamie Kim of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax & Accounting). However, other personnel from the IRS and Treasury Department participated in their development.

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