Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2012-14 

April 2, 2012 

Rev. Proc. 2012-23


SECTION 1. PURPOSE

This revenue procedure provides: (1) limitations on depreciation deductions for owners of passenger automobiles first placed in service by the taxpayer during calendar year 2012, including separate tables of limitations on depreciation deductions for trucks and vans; and (2) the amounts that must be included in income by lessees of passenger automobiles first leased by the taxpayer during calendar year 2012, including a separate table of inclusion amounts for lessees of trucks and vans. The tables detailing these depreciation limitations and lessee inclusion amounts reflect the automobile price inflation adjustments required by § 280F(d)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code.

SECTION 2. BACKGROUND

.01 For owners of passenger automobiles, § 280F(a) imposes dollar limitations on the depreciation deduction for the year the taxpayer places the passenger automobile in service and for each succeeding year. For passenger automobiles placed in service after 1988, § 280F(d)(7) requires the Internal Revenue Service to increase the amounts allowable as depreciation deductions by a price inflation adjustment amount. The method of calculating this price inflation amount for trucks and vans placed in service in or after calendar year 2003 uses a different CPI “automobile component” (the “new trucks” component) than that used in the price inflation amount calculation for other passenger automobiles (the “new cars” component), resulting in somewhat higher depreciation deductions for trucks and vans. This change reflects the higher rate of price inflation for trucks and vans since 1988.

.02 Section 401(a) of the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, Pub. L. No. 111-312, 124 Stat. 3296 (Dec. 17, 2010) (the “Act”) extended the 50 percent additional first year depreciation deduction under § 168(k) to qualified property acquired by the taxpayer after December 31, 2007, and before January 1, 2013, if no written binding contract for the acquisition of the property existed before January 1, 2008, and if the taxpayer places the property in service generally before January 1, 2013.

Section 168(k)(2)(F)(i) increases the first year depreciation allowed under § 280F(a)(1)(A)(i) by $8,000 for passenger automobiles to which the additional first year depreciation deduction under § 168(k) (hereinafter, referred to as “§ 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction”) applies.

.03 Section 168(k)(2)(D)(i) provides that the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction does not apply to any property required to be depreciated under the alternative depreciation system of § 168(g), including property described in § 280F(b)(1). Section 168(k)(2)(D)(iii) permits a taxpayer to elect out of the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction for any class of property. Section 168(k)(4), as amended by the Act, permits a corporation to elect to increase the alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) credit limitation under § 53(c), instead of claiming the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction for all eligible qualified property placed in service after December 31, 2010, that is round 2 extension property (as defined in § 168(k)(4)(I)(iv)).

Accordingly, this revenue procedure provides tables for passenger automobiles for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction applies. This revenue procedure also provides tables for passenger automobiles for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction does not apply, either because taxpayer (1) purchased the passenger automobile used; (2) did not use the passenger automobile during 2012 more than 50 percent for business purposes; (3) elected out of the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction pursuant to § 168(k)(2)(D)(iii); or (4) elected to increase the § 53 AMT credit limitation in lieu of claiming § 168(k) additional first year depreciation.

.04 Section 280F(c) requires a reduction in the deduction allowed to the lessee of a leased passenger automobile. The reduction must be substantially equivalent to the limitations on the depreciation deductions imposed on owners of passenger automobiles. Under § 1.280F-7(a) of the Income Tax Regulations, this reduction requires a lessee to include in gross income an amount determined by applying a formula to the amount obtained from a table. One table applies to lessees of trucks and vans and another table applies to all other passenger automobiles. Each table shows inclusion amounts for a range of fair market values for each taxable year after the passenger automobile is first leased.

SECTION 3. SCOPE

.01 The limitations on depreciation deductions in section 4.01(2) of this revenue procedure apply to passenger automobiles (other than leased passenger automobiles) that are placed in service by the taxpayer in calendar year 2012, and continue to apply for each taxable year that the passenger automobile remains in service.

.02 The tables in section 4.02 of this revenue procedure apply to leased passenger automobiles for which the lease term begins during calendar year 2012. Lessees of these passenger automobiles must use these tables to determine the inclusion amount for each taxable year during which the passenger automobile is leased. See Rev. Proc. 2007-30, 2007-1 C.B. 1104, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2007; Rev. Proc. 2008-22, 2008-1 C.B. 658, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2008; Rev. Proc. 2009-24, 2009-17 I.R.B. 885, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2009; Rev. Proc. 2010-18, 2010-9 I.R.B. 427, as amplified and modified by section 4.03 of Rev. Proc. 2011-21, 2011-12 I.R.B. 560, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2010; and Rev. Proc. 2011-21, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2011.

SECTION 4. APPLICATION

.01 Limitations on Depreciation Deductions for Certain Automobiles.

(1) Amount of the inflation adjustment.

(a) Passenger automobiles (other than trucks or vans). Under § 280F(d)(7)(B)(i), the automobile price inflation adjustment for any calendar year is the percentage (if any) by which the CPI automobile component for October of the preceding calendar year exceeds the CPI automobile component for October 1987. Section 280F(d)(7)(B)(ii) defines the term “CPI automobile component” as the automobile component of the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers published by the Department of Labor. The new car component of the CPI was 115.2 for October 1987 and 143.419 for October 2011. The October 2011 index exceeded the October 1987 index by 28.219. Therefore, the automobile price inflation adjustment for 2012 for passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) is 24.5 percent (28.219/115.2 x 100%). The dollar limitations in § 280F(a) are multiplied by a factor of 0.245, and the resulting increases, after rounding to the nearest $100, are added to the 1988 limitations to give the depreciation limitations applicable to passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) for calendar year 2012. This adjustment applies to all passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) that are first placed in service in calendar year 2012.

(b) Trucks and vans. To determine the dollar limitations for trucks and vans first placed in service during calendar year 2012, the Service uses the new truck component of the CPI instead of the new car component. The new truck component of the CPI was 112.4 for October 1987 and 146.607 for October 2011. The October 2011 index exceeded the October 1987 index by 34.207. Therefore, the automobile price inflation adjustment for 2012 for trucks and vans is 30.43 percent (34.207/112.4 x 100%). The dollar limitations in § 280F(a) are multiplied by a factor of 0.3043, and the resulting increases, after rounding to the nearest $100, are added to the 1988 limitations to give the depreciation limitations for trucks and vans. This adjustment applies to all trucks and vans that are first placed in service in calendar year 2012.

(2) Amount of the limitation. Tables 1 through 4 contain the dollar amount of the depreciation limitation for each taxable year for passenger automobiles a taxpayer places in service in calendar year 2012. Use Table 1 for a passenger automobile (other than a truck or van), and Table 2 for a truck or van, placed in service in calendar year 2012 for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction applies. Use Table 3 for a passenger automobile (other than a truck or van), and Table 4 for a truck or van, placed in service in calendar year 2012 for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction does not apply.

REV. PROC. 2012-23 TABLE 1
DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2012 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION APPLIES
Tax Year Amount
1st Tax Year $11,160
2nd Tax Year $5,100
3rd Tax Year $3,050
Each Succeeding Year $1,875
REV. PROC. 2012-23 TABLE 2
DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2012 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION APPLIES
Tax Year Amount
1st Tax Year $11,360
2nd Tax Year $5,300
3rd Tax Year $3,150
Each Succeeding Year $1,875
REV. PROC. 2012-23 TABLE 3
DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2012 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION DOES NOT APPLY
Tax Year Amount
1st Tax Year $3,160
2nd Tax Year $5,100
3rd Tax Year $3,050
Each Succeeding Year $1,875
REV. PROC. 2012-23 TABLE 4
DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2012 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION DOES NOT APPLY
Tax Year Amount
1st Tax Year $3,360
2nd Tax Year $5,300
3rd Tax Year $3,150
Each Succeeding Year $1,875

.02 Inclusions in Income of Lessees of Passenger Automobiles.

A taxpayer must follow the procedures in § 1.280F-7(a) for determining the inclusion amounts for passenger automobiles first leased in calendar year 2012. In applying these procedures, lessees of passenger automobiles other than trucks and vans should use Table 5 of this revenue procedure, while lessees of trucks and vans should use Table 6 of this revenue procedure.

REV. PROC. 2012-23 TABLE 5
DOLLAR AMOUNTS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) WITH A LEASE TERM BEGINNING IN CALENDAR YEAR 2012
Fair Market Value of Passenger Automobile Tax Year During Lease
Over Not Over 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th & Later
$18,500 $19,000 2 4 5 6 8
19,000 19,500 2 4 7 7 9
19,500 20,000 2 5 8 8 10
20,000 20,500 3 5 9 10 11
20,500 21,000 3 6 9 12 12
21,000 21,500 3 7 10 12 14
21,500 22,000 3 8 11 13 16
22,000 23,000 4 8 13 15 17
23,000 24,000 4 10 15 17 20
24,000 25,000 5 11 17 19 23
25,000 26,000 6 12 19 21 26
26,000 27,000 6 14 20 24 28
27,000 28,000 7 15 22 26 31
28,000 29,000 7 16 25 28 33
29,000 30,000 8 18 25 32 35
30,000 31,000 9 19 27 34 38
31,000 32,000 9 20 30 36 41
32,000 33,000 10 21 32 38 43
33,000 34,000 10 23 33 41 46
34,000 35,000 11 24 35 43 49
35,000 36,000 12 25 37 45 52
36,000 37,000 12 27 39 47 54
37,000 38,000 13 28 41 49 57
38,000 39,000 13 29 43 52 59
39,000 40,000 14 30 45 54 62
40,000 41,000 14 32 47 56 65
41,000 42,000 15 33 49 58 68
42,000 43,000 16 34 51 61 70
43,000 44,000 16 36 52 63 73
44,000 45,000 17 37 54 66 75
45,000 46,000 17 38 57 67 78
46,000 47,000 18 39 59 70 80
47,000 48,000 19 40 61 72 83
48,000 49,000 19 42 62 75 86
49,000 50,000 20 43 64 77 89
50,000 51,000 20 45 66 79 91
51,000 52,000 21 46 68 81 94
52,000 53,000 21 47 70 84 96
53,000 54,000 22 48 72 86 99
54,000 55,000 23 49 74 88 102
55,000 56,000 23 51 76 90 104
56,000 57,000 24 52 78 92 107
57,000 58,000 24 54 79 95 110
58,000 59,000 25 55 81 97 113
59,000 60,000 26 56 83 100 115
60,000 62,000 26 58 86 103 119
62,000 64,000 28 60 90 108 124
64,000 66,000 29 63 94 112 129
66,000 68,000 30 66 97 117 135
68,000 70,000 31 68 102 121 140
70,000 72,000 32 71 105 126 145
72,000 74,000 33 74 109 130 151
74,000 76,000 35 76 113 135 156
76,000 78,000 36 78 117 140 161
78,000 80,000 37 81 120 145 166
80,000 85,000 39 86 127 152 176
85,000 90,000 42 92 137 163 189
90,000 95,000 45 98 147 175 202
95,000 100,000 48 105 155 187 215
100,000 110,000 52 115 170 203 235
110,000 120,000 58 127 189 227 262
120,000 130,000 64 140 208 250 288
130,000 140,000 70 153 227 272 315
140,000 150,000 75 166 246 296 340
150,000 160,000 81 179 265 318 368
160,000 170,000 87 192 284 341 394
170,000 180,000 93 204 304 364 420
180,000 190,000 99 217 323 387 446
190,000 200,000 105 230 342 409 473
200,000 210,000 111 243 361 432 499
210,000 220,000 116 256 380 455 526
220,000 230,000 122 269 399 478 552
230,000 240,000 128 282 418 501 578
240,000 and up 134 294 437 524 605
REV. PROC. 2012-23 TABLE 6
DOLLAR AMOUNTS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS
WITH A LEASE TERM BEGINNING IN CALENDAR YEAR 2012
Fair Market Value of Truck or Van Tax Year During Lease
Over Not Over 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th & Later
$19,000 $19,500 1 4 5 6 7
19,500 20,000 2 4 6 7 9
20,000 20,500 2 5 7 8 10
20,500 21,000 2 5 8 10 11
21,000 21,500 3 6 9 10 13
21,500 22,000 3 6 10 12 14
22,000 23,000 3 8 11 14 15
23,000 24,000 4 9 13 16 18
24,000 25,000 4 10 15 19 21
25,000 26,000 5 11 17 21 24
26,000 27,000 6 12 19 23 26
27,000 28,000 6 14 21 25 29
28,000 29,000 7 15 23 27 32
29,000 30,000 7 17 24 30 34
30,000 31,000 8 18 26 32 37
31,000 32,000 9 19 28 34 40
32,000 33,000 9 20 31 36 42
33,000 34,000 10 21 33 39 44
34,000 35,000 10 23 34 41 48
35,000 36,000 11 24 36 44 50
36,000 37,000 12 25 38 46 53
37,000 38,000 12 27 40 48 55
38,000 39,000 13 28 42 50 58
39,000 40,000 13 29 44 53 60
40,000 41,000 14 31 45 55 63
41,000 42,000 14 32 48 57 66
42,000 43,000 15 33 50 59 69
43,000 44,000 16 34 52 61 72
44,000 45,000 16 36 53 64 74
45,000 46,000 17 37 55 66 77
46,000 47,000 17 38 58 68 79
47,000 48,000 18 40 59 70 82
48,000 49,000 19 41 61 73 84
49,000 50,000 19 42 63 75 87
50,000 51,000 20 43 65 78 89
51,000 52,000 20 45 66 80 93
52,000 53,000 21 46 68 83 95
53,000 54,000 21 48 70 84 98
54,000 55,000 22 49 72 87 100
55,000 56,000 23 50 74 89 103
56,000 57,000 23 51 76 92 105
57,000 58,000 24 52 78 94 108
58,000 59,000 24 54 80 96 111
59,000 60,000 25 55 82 98 114
60,000 62,000 26 57 85 101 118
62,000 64,000 27 60 88 106 123
64,000 66,000 28 62 93 110 128
66,000 68,000 29 65 96 115 134
68,000 70,000 30 67 100 120 139
70,000 72,000 32 70 103 125 144
72,000 74,000 33 72 108 129 149
74,000 76,000 34 75 111 134 155
76,000 78,000 35 78 115 138 160
78,000 80,000 36 80 119 143 165
80,000 85,000 38 85 125 151 175
85,000 90,000 41 91 135 163 187
90,000 95,000 44 98 144 174 201
95,000 100,000 47 104 154 185 214
100,000 110,000 52 113 169 202 234
110,000 120,000 57 127 187 225 261
120,000 130,000 63 139 207 248 287
130,000 140,000 69 152 226 271 313
140,000 150,000 75 165 245 294 339
150,000 160,000 81 178 264 316 366
160,000 170,000 87 190 283 340 392
170,000 180,000 92 204 302 362 419
180,000 190,000 98 216 322 385 445
190,000 200,000 104 229 340 409 471
200,000 210,000 110 242 359 431 498
210,000 220,000 116 255 378 454 524
220,000 230,000 122 267 398 477 551
230,000 240,000 127 281 416 500 577
240,000 and up 133 294 435 523 603

SECTION 5. EFFECTIVE DATE

This revenue procedure applies to passenger automobiles that a taxpayer first places in service or first leases during calendar year 2012.

SECTION 6. DRAFTING INFORMATION

The principal author of this revenue procedure is Bernard P. Harvey of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax & Accounting). For further information regarding this revenue procedure, contact Mr. Harvey at (202) 622-4930 (not a toll-free call).


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