21.5.3  General Claims Procedures

Manual Transmittal

September 10, 2013

Purpose

(1) This transmits revised IRM 21.5.3. Account Resolution - General Claims Procedures.

Material Changes

(1) Various grammatical, editorial, and link corrections throughout IRM 21.5.3

(2) IPU 13U0548 issued 03-15-2013 IRM 21.5.3.3.1 - Added information about new on-line/ telephone initiative, Where's My Amended Return (WMAR). Updated controlling information for Form 1040X

(3) IPU 13U0993 issued 05-28-2013 - IRM 21.5.3.3.1 Added guidance when Form 1040X is returned to taxpayer by Submission Processing.

(4) IRM 21.5.3.3.1 Added notes clarifying action codes used in Submission Processing and Accounts Management.

(5) IPU 13U0318 issued 02-08-2013 - IRM 21.5.3.4 Added additional Criminal Investigation (CI) freeze code information

(6) IRM 21.5.3.4 Added Carryback 45-Day Interest-Free Charts information.

(7) IRM 21.5.3.4.7.3.1 Removed protective claim information for Russell Anderson v. U.S.

(8) IPU 13U1138 issued 06-25-2013 IRM 21.5.3.4.10 Added instructions for cases with AIM Statuses

(9) IPU 13U1138 issued 06-25-2013 IRM 21.5.3.4.10.1 Updated instructions for cases with AIM Status 08 or less.

(10) IPU 12U1672 issued 10-3-2012 - IRM 21.5.3.4.16.7 Corrected address for Frivolous Returns Program.

(11) IPU 12U1672 issued 10-3-2012 - Exhibit 21.5.3-2 Added Form 6478 instructions for 2010.

(12) IPU 12U1672 issued 10-3-2012 - Exhibit 21.5.3-2 Clarified CAT-A instructions for Quality Stores Inc. v. United States Claims.

(13) IPU 13U0318 issued 02-08-2013 - Exhibit 21.5.3-3 - Added new CAT-A criteria for Child Tax Credit and Additional Child Tax Credit, Form 8812.

(14) IPU 12U1860 issued 11-20-2012 - Exhibit 21.5.3-6 - Updated IDRS number for reassigning cases for Adoption Credit.

(15) IPU 13U0318 issued 02-08-2013 - Exhibit 21.5.3-6 - Revised CAT-A criteria for Adoption Credit.

(16) IPU 12U1672 issued 10-3-2012 - Exhibit 21.5.3-7 Added new exhibit on Fraud Referral Claims

(17) IPU 13U0318 issued 02-08-2013 - Exhibit 21.5.3-7 - Updated reference from AMTAP to Integrity & Verification Operation (IVO) organization

Effect on Other Documents

IRM 21.5.3 dated August 28, 2012 (effective October 1, 2012) is superseded. The following IRM Procedural Updates (IPUs) issued between October 3, 2012 and June 25, 2013, have been incorporated into this IRM: 12U1672, 12U1860, 13U0318, 13U0548, 13U0993, and 13U1138.

Audience

All employees performing account work

Effective Date

(10-01-2013)

Ivy S. McChesney
Director, Accounts Management
Wage and Investment Division

21.5.3.1  (08-04-2009)
General Claims Overview

  1. Claims are usually filed on Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, Form 1120X, Amended U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return, Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement, Form 8849, Claim for Refund of Excise Taxes, or one of the Form 94XX series returns, but may be made in an informal written inquiry. Claims include:

    • Claims for Credit

    • Claims for Refund

    • Requests for Abatement

  2. This section contains the identity of claims and the processing steps necessary to complete the case, along with the required taxpayer notification.

  3. Accounts Management will expedite the resolution of all disaster claims.

21.5.3.2  (10-21-2009)
What Are Claims for Credit, Refund, and Abatement?

  1. A claim is a request for refund or a request for an adjustment of tax paid or credit not previously reported or allowed. This includes protective claims and requests for abatement of interest/penalty. Formal claims are requests prepared by or for the taxpayer to reduce liabilities previously assessed and are submitted on amended returns or Form 843, Claim For Refund and Request for Abatement. Informal claims include a letter or other document, not on Form 843, but prepared and signed by the taxpayer, requesting changes to obtain the correct and accurate reflection of his/her tax liability.

  2. Claims do not include:

    • Requests for adjustments that increase the balance on an account, such as tax increases or credit decreases. See IRM 21.5.3.4.1 , Tax Increase or Credit Decrease Processing, for additional information.

    • Requests to correct math errors. Refer to IRM 21.5.4.4.3, Processing Responses to Math Error Notices, for information on resolving math error replies

  3. Form 8379, Injured Spouse Allocation, is not a separate claim, but instead is the avenue used by the non-debtor spouse to provide additional information regarding his or her share of the overpayment shown on a jointly filed original tax return, Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, or a jointly filed amended return, Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.

21.5.3.3  (08-04-2010)
General Claims Research

  1. There is no independent section on research. Research steps are provided in the specific processing procedures. Also, refer to IRM 21.5.3.4, General Claims Procedures , for additional research information.

  2. Refer taxpayers to the Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) (see IRM Part 13, Taxpayer Advocate Service) when the contact meets TAS criteria as outlined in IRM 13.1.7, Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Case Criteria, and you can’t resolve the taxpayer’s issue the same day. The definition of “same day” is within 24 hours. “Same day” cases include cases you can completely resolve in 24 hours, as well as cases in which you have taken steps within 24 hours to begin resolving the taxpayer’s issue. Do not refer “same day” cases to TAS unless the taxpayer asks to be transferred to TAS and the case meets TAS criteria. Refer to IRM 13.1.7.4, Same Day Resolution by Operations. When referring cases to TAS, use Form 911 (or Form e-911), Request for Taxpayer Advocate Service Assistance (And Application for Taxpayer Assistance order), and forward to TAS.

  3. It is important that all IRS employees handle potential TAS cases with the taxpayer’s best interest in mind. The NTA toll-free number, 1-877-777-4778 or TTY/TDD 1-800-829-4059, should be provided to the taxpayer and the taxpayer should be advised that TAS is available if the taxpayer is not satisfied with the service he or she received. For additional information, refer to IRM 21.1.3.18, Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Guidelines.

21.5.3.3.1  (09-10-2013)
Locating Amended Returns (Form 1040X)

  1. Submission Procession (SP) controls amended returns (Form 1040X) on IDRS. customer service representatives (CSR) answering questions on the status of the taxpayer's amended return will be able to provide receipt confirmation or adjustment status within 5-7 days of receipt of the Form 1040X. This will enable customer service representatives (CSR) to see the taxpayer’s amended return on IDRS.

    Reminder:

    Follow IRM 21.4.1.3, Refund Inquiry Response Procedures for answering Form 1040X status inquiries. Processing time frames for amended returns is up to 12 weeks.

  2. SP will control the Form 1040X to a specific group IDRS number until the case is adjusted or routed by the SP Tax Examiner. See IRM 3.11.6.1.2.1, Controlling Cases on IDRS for specific group IDRS numbers and non referral information. SP will input a Transaction Code (TC) 971 and Action Code (AC) 120 as part of the process.

    Note:

    The current definition of the action code 120 reads: 120 Amended return/claim in Submission Processing.

  3. If the SP Tax Examiner (TE) routes the 1040X to another function, the SP TE will enter TC 971 with the appropriate AC (e.g., 971(012) - forwarded to Collections, 971(013) - forwarded to Examination, 971(015) - forwarded to Underreporter/AUR). SP will close the open control using category code MISC.

  4. If the 1040X is missing forms, schedules, signature or other information, the 1040X will be returned to the taxpayer with the appropriate "C" letter or Form 8009-A. The account will reflect TC 971 and AC 270. The date of the 270 is the date the action occurred returning the 1040X. If three weeks has past from the date of the 270 and the taxpayer has not received the rejected 1040X, inform the taxpayer to refile the completed 1040X. A completed 1040X must include all schedules, forms and signature. SP does not have access to AMS or CIS and does not have the capability of leaving case note.

  5. The activity field in the IDRS control base will contain pertinent information on the status (e.g., SP batch information).

  6. On cases meeting Accounts Management (AM) criteria, SP will route the 1040X to ICT for scanning into CIS. A TC971 AC 010 is automatically added by CIS when IDRS control is established.

    Note:

    The current definition of the action code 010 reads: 010 Amended return/claim in Accounts Management.

  7. Beginning in March 2013, a new automated on-line and toll free telephone application, Where's My Amended Return (WMAR) will be launched. Advise the taxpayer the best way to get the most current information about their amended return is through the automated systems. They are fast, accurate and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week from any computer with internet access, and the information provided is specific to each taxpayer who uses the tool. The taxpayer by entering their SSN/ITIN, Date of Birth and Zip Code into the new application will be able to find out the status of their Form 1040X Amended Return(s). WMAR is designed to track the status of amended returns as they are processed. This will provide the taxpayer with a consistent message and reduce the number of amended return status calls. IDRS transaction codes (TC) (e.g, 971/ACxxx, 29x, 846) are used to update WMAR messages.

  8. WMAR does NOT provide the status of Form 843 Claims, Carryback Claims (which are filed on a Form 1040X), an original Form 1040 marked as amended and worked as a CP 29/36 and an amended return with a foreign address.

21.5.3.4  (09-10-2013)
General Claims Procedures

  1. This section discusses procedures. Always begin by following the procedures for disclosure in IRM 21.1.3, Operational Guidelines Overview.

  2. The general sequence you will follow is:

    1. Apply rules for disclosure

    2. Determine if special handling or referral to another function is required. Information regarding referrals to other areas can be located in the appropriate issue specific IRMs.

    3. Determine if the claim is complete

    4. Determine if the claim is processable

    5. Determine if the claim is allowable

  3. When a claim is submitted by a taxpayer, determine if it is complete. All of the following requirements must be met before a claim or amended return is considered complete:

    1. Filed on a permitted form or in an informal written inquiry and includes everything necessary to input a correct adjustment.

    2. Contains sufficient required information to permit the mathematical verification of the amount shown on the claim.

    3. Contains the name, address, and Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) of the taxpayer and is signed by the taxpayer (if a joint return, both taxpayers) or authorized representative under penalties of perjury (also known as the jurat).


    Reminder:

    Do not attempt to secure the return or request additional information from the taxpayer if enough specific information is available with the claim or with the various Integrated Data Retrieval System (IDRS) command codes.

  4. Once the claim is determined to be complete and processable, determine if:

    1. Statute date is still open.

      Exception:

      Taxpayers may still be entitled to a refund on some claims for abatement/refund filed after the normal Refund Statute Expiration Date (RSED). Refer to IRM 25.6.1.10.2.5.7, Offsetting the Amount of a Refund With a Time-barred Adjustment, for additional information.

    2. There are any freezes on the tax account.

      Note:

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    3. Examination involvement is evident, such as a -L freeze (Transaction Code 420/424), etc.

      Note:

      For additional Examination information, Exhibit 21.5.3-1., Claim Processing with Examination Involvement, Exhibit 21.5.3-2, Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – General, and Exhibit 21.5.3-3, Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – Credits.

    4. Taxpayer requests full or partial disallowance.

    5. It is a disaster claim. (Accounts Management will expedite resolution of all claims marked as disaster.)

    6. It is a protective claim. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.7.3.2

    7. It is a Competent Authority Claim. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.9

    8. Bankruptcy is involved, such as an unreversed Transaction Code (TC) 520 (-V or -W freeze).

      Note:

      Take no action without contacting the Insolvency office where the taxpayer filed bankruptcy. Refer to the "Who/Where" tab on the Servicewide Electronic Research Program (SERP) for the Insolvency listing.

    9. A Tax Treaty is involved.

    10. The return was prepared under IRC § 6020(b).


  5. Route Third-Party Claims to the appropriate insolvency function. The Third-Party Refund Claim elements are:

    1. The taxpayer alleges payment of another's taxes because the Service improperly maintained a lien against the third party's property, and

    2. The taxpayer alleges the taxes were paid under protest, or under compulsion of law, or with notice that the third party intends to sue to test the validity of the collection, or

    3. Any reference to Williams or United States v. Williams, 514 U.S. 527 (1995) or IRC §§ 6325(b), 7426(a).

  6. Exempt Organization (EO) claims resulting in a refund must be routed to the Ogden Campus Examination function for Audit Information Management System (AIMS) input. See IRM 21.7.7, Exempt Organizations and Tax Exempt Bonds, for instructions.

  7. When a return was prepared under IRC § 6020(b), work the case if it involves a duplicate filing condition on a Business Master File (BMF) account. If the case involves an Individual Master File (IMF) account, the case may be worked in Accounts Management, Examination, or Compliance Services Collection Operations (CSCO). Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.10, Returns Prepared Under IRC Section 6020(b), for more specific information.

  8. A Form 8379, Injured Spouse Allocation, is filed by the non-debtor spouse to claim his or her portion of a tax refund. The refund was (or is expected to be) applied to offset a past-due obligation of the debtor spouse, such as a premarital Federal tax debt, non-tax child support, Federal agency or State tax debt. Refer to IRM 21.4.6.5.3, Injured Spouse Inquiries, for complete information concerning Injured Spouse procedures.

  9. Suspend numbered returns (returns with a Document Locator Number) while awaiting the taxpayer's reply to a request for additional information when the return is not complete or processable. If the information was previously requested, and the taxpayer did not reply, DO NOT request the information again.

    Example:

    Missing information can include forms, schedules, signatures, etc.

  10. Master File (MF) uses the amended claims date field (AMD-CLMS-DT) to apply the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (OBRA) 45-Day Rule. See IRM 21.5.1.4.2.4 , Received Date – Determination, to determine the received date of an amended return or claim.

  11. Input the Amended Claims Date on the ADJ54 screen for all overpayment adjustments resulting from a claim or amended return, regardless of whether or not the 45-day period is met. See IRM 20.2.4.7.5.4, 45-Day Rule and Master File (Amended Returns and Claims), for additional information on the amended claims date.

    Note:

    Generally, a completed CP 09, Earned Income Credit - You May Be Entitled to EIC or CP 27, EIC Potential for T/P Without Qualifying Children is considered an informal claim. Do not input an amended claims date

    Exception:

    Claims do not include requests to correct math errors. An overpayment adjustment to a tax module involving both math error and non-math error changes will require the input of two separate adjustments. Refer to IRM 21.5.4.4.3,Processing Responses to Math Error Notices

  12. When an overpayment results from a claim or amended return and the refund is issued within 45 days of the received date of the processable claim or amended return, no interest is allowed from the received date of the claim or amended return to the refund schedule date. Credit interest is allowed from the credit availability date to the received date of the processable claim or amended return.

    Example:

    A claim for a refund of timely filed prepaid credits for a 201112 Form 1040 is received on August 14, 2012. The refund is issued on September 20, 2012, within the 45 days. Credit interest is allowed from April 15, 2012, the return due date, to August 14, 2012, the claim received date.

  13. When an overpayment results from a claim or amended return and the refund is not issued within 45 days of the received date, credit interest is allowed from the availability date to the refund schedule date (less the applicable back off period). Refer to IRM 20.2.4.7.5.4, 45-Day Rule and Master File (Amended Returns and Claims), for additional information.

    Example:

    A claim for a refund of timely filed prepaid credits for a 201112 Form 1040 is received on August 14, 2012. The refund is issued on October 20, 2012, after the 45 days. Credit interest is allowed from April 15, 2012, the return due date, to October 20, 2012, the refund schedule date (less the applicable back off period).


  14. For additional information related to interest free periods related to Net Operating Loss carrybacks, including guidance in figuring the 45 day interest free period, refer to IRM 21.5.9, Carrybacks. Refer to the Carryback 45-Day Interest-Free Charts on SERP to review a current carryback interest-free chart. , .

21.5.3.4.1  (10-21-2009)
Tax Increase or Credit Decrease Processing

  1. Forward claims or amended returns showing a tax increase or credit decrease to the Statute function if it is within 90 days of the Assessment Statute Expiration Date (ASED). For additional information, see IRM 25.6.1.5, Basic Guide for Processing Cases With Statute of Limitations Issues.

  2. If more than 90 days remain on the ASED, input tax increases or credit decreases upon receipt of an amended return or written inquiry requesting a tax increase or credit decrease even without all required elements (forms, schedules, signature, etc.). Input net zero changes (TC 290 for .00) even without all required elements.

    Note:

    If the amended return reflects a tax increase and a credit increase, refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.1.1, Tax Increase and Credit Increase Processing.

  3. Call or write the taxpayer requesting any missing information using the appropriate letter, such as the Letter 178C or the Letter 324C. Close the case after issuing the necessary correspondence.

  4. If/When the taxpayer responds, the response will be treated as a new case. Review the response to ensure no further adjustments are necessary. If no additional changes are needed, associate the response with the previous adjustment document.

    Note:

    Taxpayer responses that are scanned into the Correspondence Imaging System (CIS) do not have to be associated with the previous adjustment document, but should be linked to the CIS case that resulted in the previous adjustment.

  5. Rev. Rul. 2005-4, applicable to additional liability on amended returns received before December 21, 2005, provides guidance on the application of IRC § 6404(g) regarding the suspension of interest with respect to all of these elements:

    • An increased tax liability

    • Reported on an individual amended return or written inquiry

    • Requesting a tax increase or credit decrease


    No interest suspension for these pre-12/21/05 amended returns (or similar notices) was available if the amended return or notice was filed within 18 months after the later of:

    • the original due date of the return (without extensions); or

    • the date the taxpayer timely filed the original return.


    For amended returns or similar notices received by the Service on or after December 21, 2005, interest suspension is not available, due to changes made by Section 303(b) of the Gulf Opportunity Zone Act of 2005.

  6. IRC § 6404(g) does not apply if:

    • The net result is not an assessment; OR

    • The original return was not timely filed, including extensions; OR

    • The module contains an unreversed TC 320 or TC 240 with reference code 686


    Follow normal procedures if any of the conditions above are present. If none of the conditions are present, follow procedures in IRM 20.2.7.6.3, Notification Period (36 or 18 Months).

21.5.3.4.1.1  (10-02-2007)
Tax Increase and Credit Increase Processing

  1. If an amended return showing a tax increase and credit increase is received without all necessary information, process using the chart below:

    Note:

    If the statute of limitations is imminent, follow the procedures in IRM 25.6.1.5, Basic Guide for Processing Cases With Statute of Limitations Issues.

    If ... And ... Then ...
    The amount of the tax increase exceeds the amount of the credit increase (ie.g., account balance will increase), The return is missing information (such as signatures), and all supporting documentation for the credit(s) is available,
    1. Input the adjustment.

    2. Correspond with the taxpayer for the missing information.

    3. Close the case.


    Note:

    When the taxpayer responds, associate the missing information with the amended return.

    The amount of the tax increase exceeds the amount of the credit increase (e.g., account balance will increase) OR the amount of the credit exceeds the amount of tax increase (e.g.., adjustment will result in an overpayment) The required supporting documentation for the credit(s) is not available,
    1. Correspond with the taxpayer for any missing information.

    2. Suspend the case for 40 days (70 days for overseas taxpayers).

    3. If no reply, input the tax increase only. Do not allow the credit increase.

    4. Correspond with the taxpayer explaining the difference in the adjustment.

    The amount of the credit increase exceeds the amount of the tax increase (e.g., adjustment will result in a refund) The return is missing information (such as signatures), and all required supporting documentation for the credit(s) is available,
    1. Correspond with the taxpayer for any missing information.

    2. Suspend the case for 40 days (70 days for overseas taxpayers).

    3. If no reply, input the tax and credit increase.

    4. Use hold code 4 to freeze the overpayment.

    5. Inform the taxpayer that the adjustment was made and the refund is being held pending receipt of the missing information.

    6. When the taxpayer replies, associate the missing information with the amended return and release the refund.

    Reminder:

    Command Code IRPTRL is considered substantiation for federal income tax withheld.

21.5.3.4.2  (12-20-2010)
Tax Decrease or Credit Increase Processing

  1. Reject incomplete claims or amended returns requesting tax decreases or credit increases, except as outlined in (2) below. Refer to IRM 21.5.1.5.6, Incomplete CIS Claims, for additional information on processing incomplete CIS claims.

    Note:

    See IRM 21.5.3.4.3, Tax Decrease and Statute Consideration, for tax decreases or credit increases on statute year claims.


  2. If the amended return is reporting a tax decrease comprised of additional income and additional deductions, but does not include the necessary schedules/documentation for the deductions, process the claim as a potential tax increase as follows:

    1. Correspond with the taxpayer for any missing information.

    2. Suspend the case for 40 days (70 days for overseas taxpayers).

    3. If no reply, compute the adjustment for the additional income and input any applicable tax increase. Do not allow the deductions shown on the amended return. Follow math error procedures as outlined in IRM 21.5.4.4, Math Error Procedures Processing.

    4. Correspond with the taxpayer explaining the difference in the adjustment.

    Example:

    Taxpayer files an amended return reporting $10,000 of additional income and Schedule A deductions of $15,000. The amended return is missing the necessary Schedule A. Correspond with the taxpayer for the missing Schedule A. If no reply, adjust the account for the $10,000 of additional income and increase the tax accordingly. Explain the difference in adjustment to the taxpayer.

  3. Unnumbered claims or amended returns can be returned to the taxpayer with the request for missing information.

    Caution:

    Extreme care must be taken to ensure that only the material relative to the taxpayer(s) to which the correspondence is addressed is enclosed in the envelope. Refer to IRM 21.3.3.4.26, Breaches of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) Caused by Manual Stuffing Errors, for additional information.

    Do not return numbered claims or amended returns.

    Note:

    If using a copy of a numbered return to respond to a taxpayer inquiry, or sending a copy back for any reason, make sure the Document Locator Number (DLN) is not visible.


  4. When rejecting a claim or amended return:

    • Use the appropriate "C" letter or Form 8009, We Need More Information To Process Your Amended Return, to request the missing forms, schedules, signatures, or other information. See the table below for additional information regarding missing signatures.

    • Request all information necessary to complete the claim or amended return.

    • Circle out the received date on the claim or amended return if the claim is being returned to the taxpayer.

    • Input a Transaction Code (TC) 971, Action Code (AC) 270, if an amended return is being sent back to the taxpayer. Input the current date for the transaction date (TRANS-DT). It is not necessary to input TC 290 .00 on an IMF account. Input of the TC 971, AC 270, will release the "-A" freeze on an IMF account. BMF accounts still require the input of a TC 290 to release the "-A" freeze.

      Note:

      If the original return has not posted, do not return the claim to the taxpayer. Follow the procedures as outlined in IRM 21.6.7.4.2, Amended Return - No Original - CP 29 (Amended Return Posts to an Account With No Original Return Present) (IMF ONLY).

    • If not returning the claim or amended return to the taxpayer, a TC 290 .00 must be input on an IMF or BMF account to release the "-A" freeze, if applicable.



  5. Missing signature information is shown in the table below:

    If ... And ... Then ...
    The signature is missing from a tax return You are in telephonic communication with the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative
    A faxed signature is acceptable.
    Offer the taxpayer the option of providing a faxed jurat.
    The taxpayer is willing to provide a faxed signature

    Note:

    Refer to IRM 11.3.1.11, Facsimile Transmission of Tax Information, and IRM 21.1.3.9, Mailing and Faxing Tax Account Information, for additional information regarding faxes.

      1. Validate that you are speaking to the taxpayer or the taxpayer's authorized representative. Follow the normal disclosure procedures as discussed in IRM 21.1.3.2, General Disclosure Guidelines , and in IRM 21.1.3.3, Third Party (POA/TIA/F706) Authentication.
    2. Specifically advise the taxpayer "the faxed signature will be treated as the taxpayer's signature, and will become a permanent part of the tax return."
    3. Fax a print of the IDRS Letter 0012C, selective paragraph j (jurat) to the number provided by the taxpayer.
    Notate on the 0012C print, the form number, tax period, taxpayer's name from the return or claim, and the TIN. Prior to faxing the information,
    refer to the additional guidelines for faxing taxpayer information in IRM 11.3.1.11, Facsimile Transmission of Tax Information, and IRM 21.1.3.9, Mailing and Faxing Tax Account Information.
    4. Give the taxpayer your fax number.
    The taxpayer signs and returns the jurat   Attach/associate the faxed jurat statement to the return.



21.5.3.4.3  (03-11-2010)
Tax Decrease and Statute Consideration

  1. Care must be taken when processing statute year claims to prevent erroneous abatements and to prevent the generation of RSED-STAT transcripts. Details regarding the 2 and 3 year timeframes for submitting a claim can be referenced in IRM 25.6.1.10.2.7.2, Limitations on the Amount of a Claim.

  2. Refer to IRM 25.6.1.10.2.5, Claims for Credit or Refund - Processing Directions, for claims or amended returns received after the RSED has expired. Refer to IRM 21.4.6.5.3, Injured Spouse Inquiries, for information concerning Injured Spouse claim procedures.

  3. If additional information is necessary to process a tax decrease/no tax change claim or amended return received within 180 days of the Refund Statute Expiration Date (RSED):

    1. Call or correspond with the taxpayer and enclose a blank copy of the missing form or schedule.

    2. Advise the taxpayer that a response is needed within 30 days (60 days for overseas taxpayers).

    3. Suspend the case for 40 days (70 days for overseas taxpayers).

  4. If the taxpayer submits the information after the RSED but within 45 days (75 days for overseas taxpayers) of the IRS request, then allow the claim as referenced in IRM 25.6.1.10.2.5.2, Submission of Additional Information Necessary to Make a Determination on the Claim After the RSED.

  5. If there is no reply or the request for additional information is not received by the requested response date and the RSED has expired, disallow the claim.

    1. Send certified Letter 105C, include appeal rights.

    2. Input TC 290 for .00, blocking series 98 or 99, as appropriate.

      Note:

      Use blocking series 99 with TRPRT or IMFOLR/BMFOLR print attached if the original return was filed electronically. Do not use blocking series 98. Refer to IRM 21.4.6.5.16, Form 8379 Disallowance, for disallowance of Injured Spouse Claims.

  6. If there is no reply and the RSED is not expired, follow the "No Consideration" procedures as outlined in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures .

21.5.3.4.4  (10-01-2007)
Signature Requirements for Claims

  1. The taxpayer must sign the claim or amended return requesting an adjustment; or include a valid Power of Attorney (POA) pursuant to Treas. Reg. § 1.6012-1(a)(5). Both spouses must sign if the adjustment relates to a joint return. IRM 21.5.3.4.4.1., Special Handling of Signature Requests, for exceptions. Refer to the table in IRM 21.5.3.4.2, Tax Decrease or Credit Increase Processing, for acceptance of faxed signatures.

  2. Signature requirements for penalty abatements are referenced in IRM 20.1, Penalty Handbook.

  3. Attempt to obtain the signature when an amended return or inquiry requesting a tax increase or a net zero change is received without one. These are not treated as claims. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.1, Tax Increase or Credit Decrease Processing.

  4. Refer to IRM 21.4.6.5.3, Injured Spouse Inquiries, for signature requirements on Form 8379, Injured Spouse Allocation.

21.5.3.4.4.1  (12-20-2010)
Special Handling of Signature Requests

  1. The following table illustrates procedures to follow when a signature is missing due to extenuating circumstances:

    If ... Then ...
    One spouse is a Prisoner of War (POW) or Missing in Action (MIA) One spouse can sign if a statement attesting to those facts is attached.
    One spouse is deceased 1. Surviving spouse may sign and indicate the date of death.
    2. The court appointed representative signing the return must attach a court certificate showing they represent the deceased and have the right to sign.
    3. A Power of Attorney (POA) may sign for a deceased taxpayer if they have a court certificate from the municipal government or Register of Wills attesting that the POA may continue to represent taxpayer after death.
    4. See IRC § 6013(a)(3) and Treas. Reg. § 1.6013-1(d) for additional information.
    Taxpayer is divorced or separated and filing a claim or amended return requesting a tax decrease for their portion of a refund on a previously filed joint return Only the spouse who owns or has interest in the refund must sign. Refer to IRM 21.6.1.4.8, Allocating Jointly Filed Case Procedures.
    A claim or amended return is filed to request a refund or credit of tax other than income tax Only the spouse who owns or has an interest in the refund must sign, unless credit is used as a credit against income tax.

    Note:

    This includes claims for overpayments of Excise Tax, Employment Tax, etc.

    A dependent child cannot sign The parent or guardian may sign as "parent or guardian of minor child."
    A corporate claim is filed Any of these officers may sign the claim:
    – President
    – Vice President
    – Treasurer
    – Assistant Treasurer
    – Chief Accounting Officer
    – Other corporate officer with authority to sign.

    Note:

    The signature on the claim is evidence that the officer is authorized to sign.

    Taxpayer files a partnership claim Any one partner may sign
    Taxpayer files a sole-proprietor claim The owner may sign
    An exempt organization files a claim Any of these officers may sign:
    – Executive Director
    – Director - President
    – Vice President
    – Treasurer
    – Assistant Treasurer
    – Chief Accounting Officer
    – Any other officer with authority to sign.

    Note:

    The signature on the claim is evidence that the officer is authorized to sign.

21.5.3.4.5  (01-19-2010)
Math and Master File Verification of Claims and Amended Returns

  1. Master File verification is required on all amended returns prior to:

    • Inputting an adjustment

    • Initiating correspondence

  2. Master File verification requires, but is not limited to, the comparison of the Adjusted Gross Income (AGI-Line 1), Taxable Income (TXI-Line 5), and Total Tax (TC 150 -Line 10) on Form 1040X, in Column A with IMFOL or TXMOD.

    1. If Line 1, 5 and 10, Column A or any combination of these lines does not match TXMOD and no math error (MTH-ERR) is present, math verification is required.

      Note:

      The 2009 tax year version of Form 1040X does not include Column A amounts for comparison. Amended returns filed on Form 1040/1040A/1040EZ also do not include Column A amounts. Taxpayers will only list the correct information (formerly Column C of the Form 1040X). With these forms, Column A comparison is not applicable, but master file information must still be reviewed prior to taking any adjustment action.

    2. Be sure to consider all adjustments previously made on the account. Work the duplicate or amended return without requesting the original return, if possible.

  3. Refer to IRM 21.5.1.4.12, Tolerances. Math verification is required when:

    • The total tax change (positive or negative) is ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • Column A entries do not match TXMOD or IMFOL/BMFOL (no math error code is present)

      Note:

      The 2009 tax year version of Form 1040X does not include Column A amounts for comparison. Amended returns filed on Form 1040/1040A/1040EZ also do not include Column A amounts. Taxpayers will only list the correct information (formerly Column C of the Form 1040X). With these forms, Column A comparison is not applicable, but master file information must still be reviewed prior to taking any adjustment action.

  4. Math verification includes doing the following:

    1. Verifying the math on the entire Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, or other form used to amend the original figures, including any additional forms, schedules, and worksheets related to the change.

    2. Verifying the taxpayer modified entries using the forms attached to the claim, schedules, worksheets, and taxpayer remarks or IDRS research.

    3. Verifying the corrected tax computation.

    4. Verifying any additional taxes (Self Employment tax, additional tax on an Individual Retirement Account distributions, Schedule H tax etc.) as reported by the taxpayer are calculated correctly .

  5. When math verifying the return and an error is discovered, re-compute the correct amounts using the information supplied and IDRS research. After "perfecting" the Total Tax and:

    1. The difference between the taxpayer's total tax and your recomputed total tax is ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ , adjust the account using the taxpayer's figures.

    2. The difference between the taxpayers total tax and your recomputed total tax is ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ , adjust the account using your recomputed figures. Set a math error on the account if the total tax is greater than the taxpayer reported. Refer to IRM 21.5.4.4.1, Setting the Initial Math Error Action, for additional information.

  6. Verify all income based items (e.g., earned income tax credit, additional child tax credit, taxable social security benefits, Schedule A deductions, etc.) on claims involving an income change. Recalculate the items when the income changes, even if the taxpayer does not address them. Advise the taxpayer of any resulting change. This is not Master File check or math verification. This must be done even if the tax or credit adjustment is less than ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ .

  7. Request technical assistance from the Examination Classifiers if a claim cites reliance on a court case, the Internal Revenue Code, Internal Revenue Regulation, Revenue Ruling, Revenue Procedure, or other legal issue. IRM 21.5.3.4.7., Processing Claims and Amended Returns With Examination Involvement, and IRM 21.5.10, Examination Issues, for additional information.

  8. If discrepancies exist between the taxpayer’s reported liabilities on an overpaid/amended Form 8697, Interest Computation Under the Look-Back Method for Completed Long-Term Contracts, and the related accounts, the case is automatically eligible for Examination. Route your recontrolled case to Examination using local procedures. Close your control base on IDRS.

21.5.3.4.6  (10-06-2010)
No Consideration and Disallowance of Claims and Amended Returns

  1. Claims and amended returns that are processable must be reviewed to determine if the taxpayer's request is allowable. Unallowable claims and amended returns are disallowed, partially disallowed, or not considered, based upon the facts and circumstances of each case.

  2. When reviewing the claim or amended return:

    If ... Then ...
    Issue being considered is not allowable based on law or regulation 1. Disallow the claim.
    2. "How to" information is located in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.1, Disallowance and Partial Disallowance Procedures.
    Claim or amended return is not filed timely

    Note:

    Specific statute information can be found in IRM 25.6.1.5, Basic Guide for Processing Cases with Statute of Limitations Issues

    .
    1. Disallow the claim.
    2. "How to" information is located in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.1, Disallowance and Partial Disallowance Procedures.
    Amended return is filed to decrease the balance due (e.g., does not result in a refund), does not contain adequate explanation or documentation for the adjustment, and meets CAT-A criteria

    Note:

    See the information on requests for abatement in (3) below this table.

    1. Do not forward to CAT-A.
    2. Follow the procedures in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures.
    3. Include paragraph "L" of the Letter 916C.
    Amended return is filed for EITC to decrease the balance due See IRM 21.6.3.4.2.7.18, EITC Increases and Claims for Abatement.
    Examination Classification notifies the function to disallow an issue in full or in part on cases referred as CAT-A criteria or for technical advice. 1. Disallow the claim.
    2. "How to" information is located in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.1, Disallowance and Partial Disallowance Procedures.
    Examination Classification notifies the function to not consider or reject a claim for additional information or documentation Follow the procedures in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures. Also, see IRM 21.5.3.4.7.2, Examination "Disallows," "Accepts," or "Selects" the Claim.
    The issue was previously examined in a tax return or refund claim of the taxpayer, and the taxpayer makes a written request for an immediate notice of claim disallowance Follow the procedures in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures.
    Taxpayer did not respond to a request for missing information Treat claim as a no consideration and follow procedures in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures.

    Note:

    If the statute of limitations is imminent or expired, refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.3, Tax Decrease and Statute Consideration.


    Caution:

    Only disallow claims after complete research and all contacts have been made for any missing information.

  3. A request for abatement is a request for reduction of tax, penalty, and interest that has not been paid. This includes penalty adjustment requests. These requests should not be denied consideration solely for nonpayment of tax. Process the claims using normal adjustment procedures. If Examination (CAT-A) criteria apply and the request for abatement contains sufficient documentation/explanation to support the adjustment, forward the request to Exam (CAT-A) for consideration.

21.5.3.4.6.1  (12-20-2010)
Disallowance and Partial Disallowance Procedures

  1. Send the taxpayer a disallowance letter for fully disallowed or partially disallowed claims:

    • Letter 105C is used for fully disallowed claims.

    • Letter 106C is used for partially disallowed claims.

    • Other disallowance letters should be utilized as applicable or as identified in the subject specific IRM.

      Example:

      Letter 3477C should be used for interest suspension claims under IRC § 6404(g). Letter 2289, Letter 2290, Letter 3180 , Letter 3022C, or Letter 2365C should be used for interest abatement cases under IRC § 6404(e).

    • Letters must be sent certified or registered mail.

    • Letters must contain the specific reason for the claim disallowance. An IRC section, if provided by Examination, should be cited.

      Note:

      This explanation is required under IRC § 6402(l), formerly IRC § 6402(k), which states, "In the case of a disallowance of a claim for refund, the Secretary shall provide the taxpayer with an explanation for such disallowance."

    • Letters must include appeal rights and the right to file suit.

      Exception:

      For interest abatement cases, first send a proposed notice of full or partial disallowance (Letter 2289 or Letter 2290) including appeal rights only. The right to file suit only occurs after a final determination is made. If no appeal is taken from Letter 2289 or Letter 2290, send Final Determination Letter 3180, which includes the right to file suit.

    Reminder:

    If using CIS, capture the "request completed" screen after transmitting the letter. See IRM 21.5.1.5.1, CIS General Guidelines, for additional information.

  2. Actions for inputting the adjustment on fully disallowed claims:

    • Input TC 290 for .00 with applicable reason code.

    • Use blocking series 98 if the original paper return is not with the claim.

    • Use blocking series 99 if the original return is with the claim.

      Note:

      If the original return was filed electronically, use blocking series 99 and attach an IMFOLR/BMFOLR print. Do not use blocking series 98.

    • Attach a copy of the disallowance letter with the original return, if the copy is returned for association.

      Note:

      Copies of disallowance letters forwarded to the Centralized Print Site will not be returned for association. These letters will be available on Control-D, if needed at a future date.

      Reminder:

      Injured Spouse disallowance procedures are located in IRM 21.4.6.5.16, Form 8379 Disallowance.

  3. Actions for inputting the adjustment on partially disallowed claims:

    • Input TC 29X for appropriate tax change, along with applicable reason code.

    • Use blocking series 00 if the original return is with the claim.

    • Use blocking series 18 if the original return is not with the claim.

      Note:

      If the original return was filed electronically, use blocking series 00 and attach an IMFOLR/BMFOLR print. Do not use blocking series 18.

    • Attach a copy of the disallowance letter with the original return, if the copy is returned for association.

      Note:

      Copies of disallowance letters forwarded to the Centralized Print Site will not be returned for association. These letters will be available on Control-D, if needed at a future date.

      Reminder:

      Injured Spouse disallowance procedures are located in IRM 21.4.6.5.16, Form 8379 Disallowance

21.5.3.4.6.1.1  (07-18-2007)
Disallowance Procedures When the Original Return Has Not Posted

  1. The following procedures apply when it is necessary to disallow a claim prior to the posting of the taxpayer's original return:

    If ... And ... Then ...
    Original return has not posted Normal processing time has elapsed Request a signed copy from taxpayer.
    Return does not post You cannot secure a copy from taxpayer IMF – Refer to IRM 21.6.7.4.2, Amended Return – No Original – CP 29 (Amended Return Posts to an Account With No Original Return Present)
    BMF – Refer to IRM 21.7.9, BMF Duplicate Filing Conditions, for CP 190 procedures.
    Signed copy is received No TC 150 posted Verify the entity information and process the copy as an original return.
    Original return has not posted Normal processing time has not elapsed, 1. Input TC 930 to file the claim or amended return and the disallowance letter. Refer to IRM 21.5.1.4.4.1, TC 930 Push Codes, for additional information.

    2. When the return posts, the original return and the disallowed claim or amended return and letters are returned to the originator for input of the TC 290 for .00.
    Claim is not related to a specific tax return Claimant is not required to file an income tax return 1. Input TC 290 for .00.

    2. Use Blocking Series (BS) 44 (IMF is MFT 30, BMF is MFT 02) to file these claims. See IRM 21.7.8.4.5, Form 8849, Claim for Refund of Excise Taxes, for Form 8849 procedures.

21.5.3.4.6.2  (04-13-2011)
Appeals and Responses to Letter 105C and 106C

  1. A response to Letter 105C and Letter 106C is to be treated as a new case using the guidelines in this section.

  2. If the taxpayer is confused and asking questions, attempt to resolve before continuing.

    If ... And ... Then ...
    Taxpayer resubmits the same claim or resubmits a claim without new or additional information Does not request an appeal Close the case as a "no consideration."

    Follow the procedures in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures .
    Taxpayer sends additional information Determination can be made to allow the claim

    Note:

    Refer to IRM 21.6.3.4.2.11.6.1, First Time Homebuyer Math Error Responses , for instances when First-Time Homebuyer Credit claims may be allowed after disallowance.

    Note:

    An original return with a math error is not a claim.

    Follow normal adjustment procedures.
    Taxpayer sends additional information Determination cannot be made to allow the claim Do not send another disallowance letter.

    Follow the procedures in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures, and explain what additional information is needed to make a determination.

    Exception:

    If disallowance was on the advice of Examination, forward the response as CAT-A.

    Note:

    First-time Homebuyer Credit claims will be forwarded as CAT-A if unable to make the determination.

    Taxpayer resubmits the same claim or resubmits a claim without new or additional information Submits a statement requesting an appeal 1. Close the case.
    2. Transfer to the appropriate Appeals Office – Refer to Appeals Case Routing under the Who/Where tab on SERP. Cases should be routed based on the Campus Case Routing listing.
    3. Ensure the taxpayer's original claim, taxpayer's original return (or return print), transcript, copy of disallowance letter, and taxpayer's statement of appeal is included in the package forwarded to Appeals.

    Note:

    A copy of the disallowance letter may be obtained from Control-D, if it is not with the information submitted by the taxpayer or attached to the disallowance DLN.

    If unable to obtain a copy of the letter, document all attempts to secure letter prior to forwarding to Appeals.
    4. Managerial review is required before cases are forwarded to Appeals.
    5. Inform taxpayer when case is sent to an Appeals office.

    Note:

    Do not refer the taxpayer to the Appeals Customer Service Line unless the taxpayer's case has previously been forwarded to Appeals. Taxpayer account research (e.g., IDRS, AMS, and/or CIS) is necessary to determine if the case has been forwarded.

    Note:

    For all responses to disallowance of the First-Time Homebuyer Credit, refer to IRM 21.6.3.4.2.11.6.1, First Time Homebuyer Math Error Responses, prior to forwarding to Appeals.

    Note:

    For all responses to disallowance of CSX Claims, refer to IRM 21.7.2.5.16.2, CSX Claims - 105C Replies.

  3. See IRM 20.1.1.4, Methods of Appealing Penalties, for penalty appeal procedures.

21.5.3.4.6.3  (01-19-2010)
No Consideration Procedures

  1. Send the taxpayer a "no consideration" letter.

    • Letter 916C is used for "no consideration" or rejected claims.

    • Letter must advise the taxpayer why the claim is not being considered.

  2. If the case is suspended for missing/additional information and no reply is received, treat the case as a no consideration and issue a Letter 916C.

  3. Input a TC 290 for .00 with the appropriate blocking series (e.g., blocking series 00 if the original return is attached to the claim or blocking series 05 (IMF) or 15 (BMF) if the original return is not attached). Do not use blocking series 98 or 99.

21.5.3.4.7  (08-04-2010)
Processing Claims and Amended Returns With Examination Involvement

  1. Review all claims and amended returns for Examination involvement. Exam involvement may include:

    • an open Transaction Code (TC) 420 or an open "L" freeze – see (6) below

    • Category A (CAT-A) criteria as outlined in Exhibit 21.5.3-1, Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – General, and Exhibit 21.5.3-3, Examination Criteria – Credits

    • both an open TC 420 and CAT-A criteria


    Refer to Exhibit 21.5.3-1, Claim Processing, for additional details regarding the processing of claims with Examination involvement.

  2. If the claim or amended return contains CAT-A criteria and a -L freeze (TC 420/424) is not present, input all tax increases and credit decreases. Input TC 470 to hold balance due notices. Use the appropriate Blocking Series and Hold Code. Refer to Examination.

    Note:

    Whenever possible, multiple claims from the same taxpayer should be handled by the same employee and referred to Exam at the same time. If using the Correspondence Imaging System, the employee should link the different cases prior to referring and indicate "same issue – multiple years" or some similar designation.

  3. Refer technical questions or assistance requests to Examination when an issue is questionable, but does not meet CAT-A criteria. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.7.2.1, Examination Technical Assistance Request, for additional information on requesting technical assistance.

  4. Accounts Management will retain an open control in background (B) status on all cases referred to Examination and update the activity code to "CAT-A" to identify the location of the claim and status.

    Note:

    If using the Correspondence Imaging System (CIS), the case is automatically recontrolled to Examination and placed in suspense status until returned from Examination or automatically purged from the Examination queue. No additional contact with Examination is required. If the taxpayer calls with regard to an amended return in Exam Classification, refer to IRM 21.4.1.3, Refund Inquiry Response Procedures.

    If a non-CIS case has been sent and fourteen (14) work days have passed:

    1. Contact the local Examination Classifiers to check the status of the case.

    2. Request the case be returned and documented appropriately (allowed or disallowed).

    3. If Examination does not return the case, treat it as a selected claim. Reassign the case on IDRS to the number provided by the local Examination Classifiers and input TC 971, Action Code (AC) 013, using the received date of the amended return for the transaction date.

    4. When the case is returned from Examination, follow Examination's instructions and notify the taxpayer accordingly.

  5. If the case is being forwarded to Exam (this includes Form 8862, Information to Claim Earned Income Credit After Disallowance) input TC 971, AC 013. Input the received date of the amended return for the transaction date. Notify the taxpayer if required as outlined in IRM 21.3.3.4.2.1 , Use of 86C Letter - Referring Taxpayer Inquiry/Forms to Another Office.

    Exception:

    On Command Code (CC) DDBCK "selected" cases, if the account does not contain a TC 971 AC 010, DDBCK will systemically input the TC 971 AC 013. If the account contains a TC 971 AC 010, manual input of the TC 971 AC 013 is still required.

    Note:

    When CC DDBCK indicates "selected" , input all tax increases and credit decreases prior to referring to Examination. Input TC 470 to hold any balance due notice. Use the appropriate blocking series and hold codes. Route to Examination Classification on Form 5101, Examination Referral Slip . Indicate on the Form 5101 that the case was selected through CC DDBCK and an AIMS database has been opened. See IRM 21.6.3.4.2.7.17 , EITC and Command Code DDBCK for additional information about CC DDBCK. If this case is being handled in the Correspondence Imaging System (CIS), see IRM 21.5.1.5.8, Examination Selected Inventory and Command Code DDBCK, for information on routing the case.

  6. Research IDRS using TXMOD, IMFOLT, and BMFOLT, to determine whether a case is established on AIMS. If the case is under audit, a -L freeze will be present. Exhibit 21.5.3-1., Claims Processing, for processing instructions. Follow these procedures even if an open IDRS control base to a CI-FDC campus is present (Do not route to CI).

    Exception:

    Refer to IRM 21.4.6.5.9.9, Exam and CI Cases, to work injured spouse allocations and IRM 21.7.5, Estate and Gift Tax Returns , for Form 706, United States Estate (and Generation-Skipping Transfer) Tax Return, claim procedures.

  7. Refer to IRM 21.7.7, Exempt Organizations and Tax Exempt Bonds, for procedures.

21.5.3.4.7.1  (12-20-2010)
Claims Sent to Examination Campus Classification

  1. Sort all claims with examination criteria received by the Document Perfection Operation (Code and Edit) or the Accounts Management (AM) adjustment function into one of two categories, unless referred to an Area Office for association with an open audit:

    1. The criteria for categorizing such returns are specified in IRM 4.19.11, Examination Classification of Work.

    2. The examination criteria are divided into two groups, Category A and Category B (BMF only).

    3. Notify Examination when an "–E" freeze is on the module before inputting any adjustment.

  2. CAT-A criteria denotes high examination potential. Route CAT-A cases to Examination prior to resolution. Before routing the claim to Examination:

    1. Ensure pages one and two of the Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, or Form 1120X, Amended U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return, are complete and contain the required signatures, and

    2. Attach all needed forms and schedules relating to the claim, and

    3. Attach IMFOL or BMFOL transcript(s) for the year(s) involved, if needed, and

    4. Forward to the lead or manager for review.

      Note:

      CIS processing automatically forwards the case for review.


  3. On site classification is completed within fourteen (14) days at Document Perfection Operation or at Accounts Management. If the taxpayer calls with regard to an amended return in Exam Classification, refer to IRM 21.4.1.3, Refund Inquiry Response Procedures.

  4. Do not send cases to Examination that do not meet CAT-A classification criteria. Exhibit 21.5.3-2., Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – General, and Exhibit 21.5.3-3., Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – Credits, for the referral criteria.

  5. The dollar amount in the criteria cited refers to the amount of the tax decrease or credit increase, unless otherwise noted.

21.5.3.4.7.2  (08-04-2010)
Examination "Disallows," "Accepts," or "Selects" the Claim

  1. If Examination disallows the claim, send a disallowance letter. Use the explanation and citation of the law provided by the Examination Classifier. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.6.1, Disallowance and Partial Disallowance Procedures, for additional information.

  2. When Examination "accepts" a claim in full, but the amount of the claim is not computed or is computed incorrectly:

    1. Recompute the allowable amount,

    2. Correct if necessary, and

    3. Advise the taxpayer of any changes to the amount claimed.

  3. When the Examination Classifier "accepts" (or allows) the claim, do the following:

    1. Input necessary adjustments

    2. Release the TC 470 (if appropriate)

      Note:

      Most adjustments will release the TC 470. Refer to Document 6209, IRS Processing Codes and Information, for exceptions.

    3. Notify the taxpayer the adjustment has been made.

  4. When the Examination Classifier "Selects" a claim, it remains in Examination for an audit. Examination may need to transfer a claim to another office. The Examination site receiving the transfer claim may accept or deny the claim. Claims not selected for audit (e.g., "surveyed" ) will not be routed back to the originating campus.

    Note:

    Refer to IRM 21.5.1.5.8 , Examination Selected Inventory and Command Code DDBCK, for information regarding the routing of DDBCK selected claims processed through the Correspondence Imaging System (CIS).

  5. Until selected, all claims referred to Examination Classification remain under AM adjustment function control. When a case is selected by Examination, input TC 971, Action Code 013. Input the received date of the amended return for the transaction date. Input any required letters to the taxpayer as outlined in IRM 21.3.3.4.2.1 , Use of 86C Letter - Referring Taxpayer Inquiry/Forms to Another Office.

21.5.3.4.7.2.1  (08-04-2009)
Examination Technical Assistance Request

  1. If the claim requires a legal interpretation, but does not meet CAT-A criteria or is not on AIMS, refer to Examination as a Technical Assistance Request. Insolvent or bankrupt financial institution claims for refund for certain losses on deposit should be forwarded to Examination Classification for technical guidance.

  2. To prepare a referral, take the following actions:

    1. Complete Form 3210, Document Transmittal

    2. Put the case in "M" Status

    3. Clearly state your question or problem

    4. List the TIN, MFT and Tax Period

    5. Notate name control

    6. Include and attach any pertinent background information or research

    7. Forward to the manager for review and a signature

    8. Forward to Examination Classification

    Exception:

    CIS users should refer to the following paragraph for procedures.

  3. CIS users should forward cases for technical assistance by selecting the "2TechAssist" option from the Suspend drop down menu.

    Note:

    Some campuses utilize the "Suspend to CATA" option for forwarding cases for technical review. Follow your local guidance.

  4. The Examination Classification Function should respond within fourteen (14) days. If the taxpayer calls with regard to an amended return in Exam Classification, refer to IRM 21.4.1.3, Refund Inquiry Response Procedures. Also, see IRM 21.5.3.4.7.2, Examination "Disallows," "Accepts," or "Selects" the Claim.

21.5.3.4.7.3  (10-01-2002)
Protective Claims

  1. Protective Claims are formal claims or amended returns for credit or refund normally based on expected changes in a:

    • Current IRC section

    • Current Regulation

    • Pending legislation or

    • Current litigation

  2. These claims are filed to protect the claimant's right to recover internal revenue tax before the expiration of the statute of limitations. For this reason, they are all considered to meet CAT-A criteria.

21.5.3.4.7.3.1  (09-10-2013)
Types of Protective Claims

  1. Any claim identifying a pending court case or decision should be considered a Protective Claim.

21.5.3.4.7.3.2  (10-21-2009)
Processing Protective Claims

  1. All Protective Claims must be sent to Examination Classification. If the claim is processable, Examination Classification must select or suspend the claim.

    Note:

    Prior to forwarding to Examination Classification, ensure the claim is complete and timely.

  2. Do not suspend Protective Claims in the AM adjustment function inventory, unless claim is being held for additional information to become processable.

  3. Protective Claims must be processable before sending to Examination Classification. Screen all Protective Claims for:

    • Statute timeliness

    • Completeness

    • Signatures


  4. If the claim is not processable, call or correspond with the taxpayer for all missing information. Refer to IRM 21.3.3.5.1.1, Suspense Timeframes, for information on suspense periods. If no reply is received, follow normal adjustment procedures for rejecting the claim.

21.5.3.4.7.4  (05-01-2012)
Taxable Amended Return Program

  1. Examination is starting an initiative related to taxpayers filing amended returns with income increases.

  2. Examination would like to review amended returns meeting the following criteria:

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Exception:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    The amended return criteria are based on gross income changes, without regard to any related deductions, offsets, or the amount of change in any tax or credits.

  3. Accounts Management and Submission Processing will continue to process the amended returns following normal procedures. CAT-A criteria still applies. Exhibit 21.5.3-2., Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – General, and Exhibit 21.5.3-3., Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – Credits, for the specific criteria. If the account already has Exam involvement, refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.7, Processing Claims and Amended Returns With Examination Involvement , for additional details.

    Example:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Example:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  4. Upon completion, a copy of the amended return should be forwarded to Examination for inclusion in the program.

    Note:

    Do not input a Transaction Code 971 with Action Code 013 when forwarding this copy to Examination.

  5. If working a paper amended return:

    • Complete all necessary case actions.

    • Fax a copy of the amended return to the " Taxable Amended Return Program" . The fax number is ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ and is for internal use only.

      Note:

      Only the first 10 pages of the amended return need to be faxed on large documents.

    • Forward the closed case file to Document Retention following normal procedures.

  6. If the amended return has been scanned into the Correspondence Imaging System (CIS):

    • Input all necessary account actions.

    • Manually close the IDRS control base to ensure a proper count for the Accounts Management Inventory Report (AMIR).

    • Select the "Reroute to Exam" option in CIS.

    • Notate on the referral slip, "Taxable Amended Return Program" .

    • Notate BLN 4-E08-141

    • Forward the case to the Philadelphia ICT printer.

    Note:

    If CIS issues prevent the routing of the case as indicated above, fax a CIS print of the case as outlined in (5) above.

21.5.3.4.8  (10-01-2002)
Carryback/Carryforward Claims

  1. See IRM 21.5.9, Carrybacks, for instructions on processing carryback/carryforward claims.

  2. These claims include tentative carryback adjustments filed on a Form 1045, Application for Tentative Refund, and Form 1139, Corporation Application for Tentative Refund. They include restricted interest claims filed on a Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, Form 1120X, Amended U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return, an amended Form 1041, U.S. Income Tax Return for Estates and Trusts, Form 1120-C, U.S. Income Tax Return for Cooperative Associations, and Form 990-T, Exempt Organization Business Income Tax Return.

  3. Additional instructions for IMF carryforward cases are also found in IRM 21.6.7, Adjusting Individual Tax Accounts.

21.5.3.4.8.1  (10-01-2011)
Claim of Right Adjustments to Income

  1. Taxpayers requesting a Claim of Right adjustment may use Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, or Form 1120X, Amended U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return. A reference to IRC § 1341 identifies such claims. See IRM 21.5.9, Carrybacks, for adjustments and IRM 21.6.6.3.12 , Repayments of Amounts Reported on Form 1099-C. Erroneously Included in Income and Claim of Right-IRC Section 1341.

  2. Claims received from taxpayers claiming "compensation for personal labor is not taxed by Title 26, IRC Section 1341" and are taking a deduction on Schedule A or removing the amount from their gross income, should be identified as frivolous claims. Route these claims as indicated in IRM 21.5.3.4.16.7, Identifying Frivolous Returns/Correspondence and Responding to Frivolous Arguments.

21.5.3.4.9  (08-04-2010)
Competent Authority Claims

  1. Rev. Proc. 2006-54, 2006-2 C.B. 1035 provides the procedures which allow a United States (U.S.) citizen or resident to request a determination by the U.S. Competent Authority on issues arising under a tax treaty between the U.S. and a foreign country.

  2. Usually an adjustment to tax is requested when a foreign tax administration creates a double taxation issue.

  3. The Deputy Commissioner (International), LMSB acts as the U.S. competent authority charged in administering the provision of tax treaties, interpreting and applying the treaties, and reaching mutual agreements in specific cases.

  4. Send written requests for, or any inquiries regarding, competent authority assistance to:
    Deputy Commissioner (International)
    Attn: Office of Tax Treaty
    Internal Revenue Service
    1111 Constitution Avenue, NW
    SE:LM:IN:T
    Washington, DC 20224-0002

  5. Direct any questions regarding Competent Authority Claims to the Office of Tax Treaty at the address above.

  6. Generally, non-resident aliens or foreign corporations must contact the Competent Authority in their foreign government with their inquiries.

21.5.3.4.9.1  (08-04-2009)
Refund Claims Under U.S. Tax Treaty Provisions and Special Rules for Canadian Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSP) and Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF)

  1. Forward claims or amended returns claiming benefits under a United States Tax Treaty to the Accounts Management Operation (International) adjustment function at the Philadelphia Campus.

  2. Form 8891, U.S. Information Return for Beneficiaries of Certain Canadian Registered Retirement Plans, with an edited caption at the top of the form stating RRSP, Canadian RRIF, Rev. Proc. 2002-23 , or Notice 2003-75, should also be forwarded to the Philadelphia Campus.

    Exception:

    Do not forward claims filed by resident aliens or U.S. citizens that are taking the election under Rev. Proc. 2002-23 to defer U.S. tax on income accruing in the Canadian Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP). Form 8891 or Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF) may be used to make by this election.


  3. For retroactive elections, a resident alien or U.S. citizen that has a RRSP or RRIF and chooses to take the election under Rev. Proc. 2002-23 to defer U.S. tax on income accruing in the RRSP or RRIF must file a Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Tax Return, and attach the election to it. Take the following action:

    1. Process the amended return as normal.

    2. If no changes appear on the amended return, input TC 290 .00 to refile the document.

    3. If the election is filed as a loose document, attach it to the original return, TC 150 DLN.

      Note:

      If the original return was filed electronically, input TC 290 .00 to refile the loose document.

21.5.3.4.10  (06-25-2013)
Returns Prepared Under IRC Section 6020(b)

  1. An IRS employee prepares a return under IRC § 6020(b) when a taxpayer fails to file. The taxpayer is given the opportunity to file a valid voluntary return to correct the proposed assessment, or to agree to the proposed assessment. Subsequent posting of the taxpayer's original return creates a duplicate filing condition. Route Substitute for Return (SFR) cases prepared under IRC § 6020(b) to the Collection Function, unless the account reflects an open audit in Examination.

    Reminder:

    Use priority code 1 when adjusting the account.

    Exception:

    IMF cases with a previously posted TC 29X and TC 599 CC 89 or only TC 599 CC 89 on the module and all BMF 6020(b) duplicate filing cases will be worked in the Accounts Management adjustment function.

    Note:

    If the taxpayer requests a copy of the SFR return, refer to IRM 3.5.20.5.1.8, Request for Copies of Substitute for Return (SFR). If the taxpayer requests income information or a transcript, refer to IRM 21.2.3, Transcripts and the applicable subsections.


  2. If these cases meet examination criteria (e.g., -L freeze with AIMS status 09 or more), adjust the account to the taxpayer's figures and follow normal procedures for routing to Examination per the AIMS status.

    Note:

    See IRM 21.5.3.4.10.1Non-Filer Reject Returns .

    Exception:

    Refer to IRM 4.13.5.2, Consolidation of ASFR Audit Reconsiderations , for SFR audit reconsiderations dated 01/01/2002 and later.

  3. If these cases do not meet examination criteria (e.g., -L freeze with AIMS status 08 or less), adjust the account to the taxpayer's figures. Do not route to Examination.

21.5.3.4.10.1  (06-25-2013)
Non-Filer Reject Returns

  1. Certain Non-Filer Reject (NFR) returns do not meet SFR criteria and are forwarded to the IMF Accounts Management (AM) paper function for processing. The returns can typically be identified by:

    • A TC 976 Duplicate return

      Note:

      Not all NFR returns will include a Transaction Code (TC) 976 on the module.

    • A TC 150 Substitute Return (SFR)

    • AIMS status of 08 or less. (open TC 420/424).

    • AIMS Status 90 with any Non Examined Disposal Code. Refer to Document 6209, IRS Processing Codes and Information, for a complete list of Non Examined Disposal Codes.

      Note:

      Examination will release the -A freeze prior to closing the case.

    • Some cases will also have the letters NFR across the front of the return.


  2. These NFR cases should be worked using category code "XRET" .

  3. Adjust the account following normal procedures.

    • Update the return processable date, if the NFR return is complete.

    • Input TC 290 to assess any tax.

    • Input all appropriate credits.

    • Input all appropriate income and exemption references.

    • Use a blocking series that indicates the original return is with the adjustment (e.g., 00, 77, or 99). This return is the taxpayer's original filing.

    • Update the Assessment Statute Expiration Date (ASED) with TC 560 using command code REQ77. Refer to IRM 25.6.1.6.14, Criteria for Establishing a Statute of Limitations Period, for information regarding the ASED.

    • Assess any applicable Failure to File or Estimated Tax Penalties. Priority code 2 may be utilized to assess the failure to file (FTF) and failure to pay (FTP) penalties as outlined in IRM 5.18.1.10.2.3.16 , Penalties. The estimated tax penalty must be manually computed. Refer to IRM 20.1.2, Failure to File/Failure to Pay Penalties, and IRM 20.1.3, Estimated Tax Penalties, for additional information on assessing penalties.

    • Refer to IRM 21.5.2.4.23.6, DIF SCORE or CLASSIFICATION "Send Return(s) to Examination for Review" , to determine if a DIF Score referral is needed.

    Reminder:

    If the Refund Statute Expiration Date (RSED) is expired, the Refund Statute Control Date (RFSCDT) must be input with the adjustment.


  4. The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) may issue an Operations Assistance Request (OAR) on these cases. Any OARs will also be handled by the IMF AM paper function until the TC 976 issue has been resolved.

    Exception:

    Identity theft cases meeting TAS criteria 5-7 will be handled by the Identity Protection Specialized Unit (IPSU) as outlined in IRM 21.9.2.10, Identity Theft Assistance Request (ITAR) - General Information.

21.5.3.4.11  (02-07-2012)
Reimbursement of Bank Charges – Form 8546

  1. Taxpayers file Form 8546, Claim for Reimbursement of Bank Charges, when they have been charged for erroneous levies placed on their accounts or claim reimbursement checks.

    1. If the issue involves Then route request to
      A lost or misapplied payment Campus Accounting
      Attn.: DCF
      Erroneous levy Appropriate ACS Support (ACSS) Site
      DDIA processing error on the part of the Service ACS Support (ACSS)
      Stop 5050, P-4
      333 W. Pershing Road
      Kansas City, MO 64108

  2. If an inquiry is received, send the taxpayer a Form 8546. Use the appropriate "C" letter and close your case unless there are other issues to address.

  3. For further information, refer to IRM 3.17.10.5, Reimbursement of Bank Charges Due to Service Loss or Misplacement of Taxpayer Checks, IRM 5.11.4.8, Reimbursing Bank Charges Because of Erroneous Levies, and IRM 5.19.6.12.3, Erroneous Levy, Reimbursement of Bank Charges .

21.5.3.4.12  (10-01-2004)
Category B Criteria (BMF Only)

  1. Category B Criteria applies to claims for the Form 1120 series (except Form 1120-IC DISC) and Form 1041, Form 1041-N, and Form 1041-QFT that have a refund of ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ and do not meet Category A criteria. Input Category B adjustments with:

    1. Blocking Series 62 (with original return) or

    2. Blocking Series 63 (without original return)


  2. Exempt Organizations (EO) and Employee Plans Master File (EPMF) claims are no longer subject to Category B criteria. See IRM 21.7.7.4.16, EO Claim Procedures, for other EO claim procedures. See IRM 21.5.11, Employee Plan Accounts, for Employee Plans (EP) claim procedures. These are all worked in Ogden.

21.5.3.4.13  (10-01-2002)
Unprocessed Annual Return

  1. When an unprocessed annual return is received as a taxpayer inquiry and no return is posted, forward the return to be processed as an original return. If the taxpayer's figures are incorrect, a notice is generated.

  2. When the return is posted and the taxpayer submits a corrected return, input the appropriate adjustment, provided enough information is available.

    Note:

    If you cannot determine taxpayer's intent, call or correspond with taxpayer, then input any necessary adjustment.

21.5.3.4.14  (08-04-2009)
May Department Store and Sequa Underpayment Interest Issue

  1. Taxpayers calling or writing in reference to the filing of a claim/request citing the May Department Stores v. U.S. or Sequa Corp. v. U.S. interest cases should be given the following information:

    • Rev. Rul. 99-40 provides guidance as to when a credit elect is applied against an estimated tax installment.

    • The date the credit elect is applied against an estimated tax installment determines when underpayment interest begins on a subsequent underpayment for the overpayment year.

    • Taxpayers may file a Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement, or submit an informal claim citing the underpayment tax year that Rev. Rul. 99-40 applies to ( Rev. Rul. 99-40 supersedes Rev. Rul. 88-98).

  2. These claims are processed following the information outlined in IRM 20.2.5.7.2, Rev. Rul. 99-40 and Credit Elects (May/Sequa).

    Note:

    Figure the correct start date(s) and amount(s) for the interest computation and input the necessary adjustment.

21.5.3.4.15  (10-01-2007)
Net Rate Interest Netting Claims

  1. Section 3301 of the IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 (RRA98) allowed for the netting of credit and debit interest during time periods where a taxpayer had overlapping credit and debit interest accruals between two or more tax modules.

  2. The law also extended the benefit to interest periods beginning prior to the enactment date (July 22, 1998).

  3. If the taxpayer has made a request for the application of the net interest rate of zero for interest accruing before October 1, 1998, then that taxpayer does not have to make a separate request for the portion of the overlapping period identified in that request that impacts interest for periods beginning after July 22, 1998 (e.g., interest accruing on or after October 1, 1998).

21.5.3.4.15.1  (08-04-2010)
Pre-Enactment Net Rate Interest Netting Claims

  1. Net rate claims involving pre-enactment interest periods (interest accruing prior to October 1, 1998) will be worked in Ogden Accounts Management. However, if one of the tax periods addressed on the claim is:

    1. Currently open in Examination or Appeals, use CC AMDISA information and forward the claim to the appropriate office. Input Transaction Code (TC) 971, action code 013, for the tax period(s) addressed on the claim that is open on AIMS.

    2. In Tax Equity Fiscal Responsibility Act (TEFRA) suspense, use CC AMDISA information and forward the claim to the appropriate TEFRA unit for association. Input TC 971, action code 013, for the tax period(s) addressed on the claim that is open on AIMS.

    Reminder:

    Notify the taxpayer if required, as outlined in IRM 21.3.3.4.2.1, Use of 86C Letter - Referring Taxpayer Inquiry/Forms to Another Office.

  2. Taxpayers have been instructed to file Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement, with a note at the top: "Request for Net Interest Rate of Zero Under Rev. Proc. 99-43" .

  3. Claims identified as pre-enactment net rate interest claims (whether notated or not) should be transmitted to Ogden Accounts Management using Form 3210, Document Transmittal. The following information should be included:

    1. The name, address, and telephone number of the sender.

    2. The Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN), tax year(s), type of tax, and type of return.

    3. The taxable periods for which the taxpayer overpaid and underpaid the tax liability

    4. Whether the underpayment is outstanding.

    5. Whether the taxpayer received a refund of tax if the overpayment is outstanding.

    6. The period(s) for which the taxpayer's overpayment and underpayment overlapped and the overlapping amount.

    7. The extent the equivalent amounts of underpayments and overpayments for the period(s) has (have) been used only once in a request to obtain the net interest rate of zero.

    8. Provide a computation to the extent possible.

    9. Address to: Internal Revenue Service, Net Rate Claim, P.O. Box 9987 Mail Stop 6800, Ogden, UT 84409.

    Flag the Form 3210, Document Transmittal, "EXPEDITE-NET RATE CLAIM" . Send the IDRS Letter 86C or equivalent, informing the taxpayer their claim was referred to Ogden Accounts Management.

  4. The transmitting offices must follow-up on any non-receipted Form 3210 three weeks after transmission to insure controls have been established in Ogden Accounts Management. The tax module(s) involved should have been controlled to IDRS number "0435500002" , case category "INTC" , when received in Ogden Accounts Management.

    Note:

    If claim is received through CIS, route the claim to Ogden by selecting the Ogden Central printer in CIS. A Form 3210 is not needed if routing through CIS. Include the information from (3) in the case notes on CIS.

21.5.3.4.15.2  (08-04-2009)
Post-enactment Net Rate Interest Netting Claims

  1. Rev. Proc. 2000-26 provides guidance on the application of section 6621 (d) for interest periods beginning after July 22, 1998 (e.g., interest accruing on or after October 1, 1998). This revenue procedure does not apply to interest accruing on or after January 1, 1999, for taxpayers other than corporations (the interest rate on underpayments and overpayments is equal for such taxpayers on or after January 1, 1999).

  2. For post-enactment net rate claims, taxpayers have been instructed to send Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement, to the IRS campus where their most recent federal tax return was filed. The taxpayer should label the top of the Form 843: "Request for Net Interest Rate of Zero Under Rev. Proc. 2000-26" . Consider the instructions in IRM 21.5.3.4.15.1, Pre-Enactment Net Rate Interest Netting Claims, before allowing the claim. Refer to IRM 20.2.14.6.1.1, Post Enactment Date Interest Periods, for processing net rate adjustments.

21.5.3.4.16  (12-20-2010)
Other Inquiries and Adjustments

  1. Certain items submitted by taxpayers must be referred to other functions for additional review and action.

    If ... Then Refer to ...
    Altered Remittance Complaint The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA).

    Note:

    Contact TIGTA at 1-800-366-4484 for referral instructions.

    Renegotiation of Government Contracts Examination
    Reimbursement of IRS Administrative and/or Legal Expenses per IRC § 7430 Appeals – Refer to the various section of IRM 8, (Appeals) IRMs, for additional information.

  2. The remaining sections provide information on various other inquiries and adjustments.

21.5.3.4.16.1  (10-01-2002)
Account Adjustments, Administrative Errors

  1. Abate any incorrect assessment made on taxpayer's account due to IRS error.

  2. Adjust penalty and interest charges generated by the incorrect assessment if it cannot be computer adjusted.

  3. If the taxpayer received an erroneous billing, apologize for the error in your reply. IMF ONLY: If you do not write a letter, enter Source Code 4 with your adjustment.

21.5.3.4.16.2  (09-15-2010)
Civil Cases (Department of Justice Cases)

  1. A court decision may necessitate an adjustment to a taxpayer's account, including abatement of the assessed civil penalties. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.16.2.1, Action Required on Civil Cases, for additional processing information.

    Note:

    The civil penalty will be assessed on MFT 55 for IMF or MFT 13 for BMF.

  2. Any refund checks will be issued in care of the U.S. Attorney's Office or the Assistant Attorney General - Department of Justice, or as stated in the case file.

  3. Process these cases expeditiously. Civil cases involving a refund (or abatement of the civil penalty) to the taxpayer received from the Office of Chief Counsel or the Department of Justice must include the following documents:

    • Form 8690, Refund Pursuant to Judgment, or Form 8691, Memorandum Refund Pursuant To: Settlement/Government Concession,

    • A transcript of account (if not attached, obtain a complete transcript of the account),

    • A Department of Justice letter authorizing the refund, and

    • Form 2285, Concurrent Determinations of Deficiencies, (when restriction is invalid).

  4. Cases received by the insolvency function are processed by the Office of Chief Counsel, or the Department of Justice. In these cases, you receive a memorandum authorizing the refund instead of Form 8690, Refund Pursuant to Judgment, or Form 8691, Memorandum Refund Pursuant to Settlement/Government Concession.

  5. All civil cases with the Department of Justice require managerial review. Managers must certify that the refund check amount and payee listed are correct.

21.5.3.4.16.2.1  (09-15-2010)
Action Required on Civil Cases

  1. The following actions are required for case resolution and account adjustments in order to close the Civil Cases:

    1. Use Corporate Files On Line (CFOL) commands. Check IMFOL/BMFOL, MFTRA, IDRS, or NMF records for debit balances. Offset any overpayment after the adjustment, if necessary.

    2. Adjust the account(s) using the amount(s) specified with a refile blocking series.

      Exception:

      If adjusting the civil penalty module, use a non-refile blocking series and include penalty reason code 066 in the adjustment. Ensure the correct penalty reference number is used when adjusting the penalty.

      Note:

      If the original return was filed electronically, use blocking series 00 with the TRPRT print attached. Do not use blocking series 18.

    3. Prepare Form 3753, Manual Refund Posting Voucher, (MF) or Form 1331-B, Notice of Adjustment (NMF) for the over-assessment amount, plus interest.

    4. Prepare Form 3753 entering the name of the taxpayer, followed by "C/O U.S. Attorney" or "C/O Assistant Attorney General" and the address shown on the Form 8690 or Form 8691 in the "Make Check Payable To" box. Enter "Civil Case" in the remark's box.

      Note:

      Do not schedule refunds of court costs. See IRM 3.17.79.3.18, Refunds Based on Court Decisions.

    5. Only the Refund Litigation Coordinator for the campus which initially opened the case may enter TC 521. A TC 521 must be input for each module that contains a TC 520 with CC 073. At this time, all open control bases must be closed.

    6. Prepare Form 3460, Transmittal Memo Accounting Control Document, labeled "Manual Refund" and route to the Accounting Function.

    7. Complete any remaining necessary processing and schedule the refund by the end of the sixth workday after the receipt at the campus.

    8. Notify the originator in the Chief Counsel's office when the adjustments and refunds have completed processing or if any irregularity or delay is encountered while processing the case.

21.5.3.4.16.3  (10-01-2002)
Voluntary Contributions to Reduce the Public Debt

  1. Taxpayers may make a contribution to reduce the public debt in the form of a separate check or request that all or part of an overpayment be applied to reduce the public debt. For processing instructions, refer to IRM 3.14.1.6.4.4.5, Contributions to Reduce the Public Debt.

21.5.3.4.16.4  (10-24-2008)
Taxpayer Request IRS Preparation of Return

  1. Statements made by taxpayers disclosing their gross income and related deductions may be accepted as a tentative return provided the taxpayer later files proper forms without unnecessary delays.

  2. If an IMF return cannot be made on Form 1040EZ, Income Tax Return for Single and Joint Filers With No Dependents, inform the taxpayer that the request for the IRS to prepare the return will be accepted as a timely filed return (if the correspondence was received by the due date), but that they must also promptly file the required return. Send the taxpayer the proper forms and schedules. Instruct the taxpayer to attach a copy of the IRS correspondence to their return to avoid any late filing penalties. Do not prepare a dummy return for processing.

  3. If the information can be filed on a Form 1040EZ, prepare the return for the taxpayer to sign and file as indicated below:

    1. Attach all forms.

    2. Use filing status of single with one exemption unless the information furnished by the taxpayer indicates filing status of married filing joint.

    3. Make a copy of the return, the attachments, and taxpayer’s correspondence for processing as a tentative return.

    4. Annotate "Tentative Return" below the entity section of the return copy; edit the correspondence received date as the received date of the return; attach the original correspondence; and forward for pipeline processing.

    5. Send the return to the taxpayer for signature along with copies of the original correspondence and blank forms and schedules.

      Caution:

      Extreme care must be taken to ensure that only the material relative to the taxpayer(s) to which the correspondence is addressed is enclosed in the envelope. Refer to IRM 21.3.3.4.26, Breaches of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) Caused by Manual Stuffing Errors, for additional information.

  4. Advise the taxpayer to file the return and to:

    1. Verify the accuracy of the return.

    2. Make any necessary corrections.

    3. Sign and date the return.

    4. Keep a copy of the return for their records.

    5. Return the original with all attachments.

  5. If the taxpayer files a signed return inconsistent with the tentative return information, resolve the discrepancies.

21.5.3.4.16.5  (02-28-2011)
Timely Filed Blank Return

  1. If the taxpayer timely files a purported tax return which contains only the taxpayer's signature, title, and date, or is unsigned, the filing requirements have not been satisfied for late filing (delinquency) penalty purposes.

  2. If the taxpayer files a second return after the filing due date and the later return reports tax, filing the second return will result in the generation of a Duplicate Filing Condition.

    1. Order the original return.

      Exception:

      If the account contains sufficient timely payments to cover the tax liability of the second return, no late filing penalty will be due. It is not necessary to order the original return in this case.

    2. Adjust the account to the correct figures. Assess the late filing penalty (TC 160), and any other applicable penalties, if the original contains only the signature, title and date, or is unsigned. Update the Assessment Statute Expiration Date (ASED) with TC 560 using command code REQ77 if applicable.

    3. Use blocking series 00 to indicate the original return is being refiled with the adjustment.

21.5.3.4.16.6  (10-01-2002)
Taxpayer Inquiries Requiring Referral to Other Functions

  1. Some taxpayer inquiries cannot be worked in Accounts Management (AM). These cases must be referred to another function for review. When appropriate, cases are returned to the AM adjustment function for account action or for a letter of explanation to the taxpayer.

21.5.3.4.16.7  (10-03-2012)
Identifying Frivolous Returns/Correspondence and Responding to Frivolous Arguments

  1. The IRS is faced with a growing number of individuals who file frivolous tax returns based upon tax avoidance arguments that are not supported by law. IRC § 6702 provides for the assessment of penalties for filing frivolous tax returns or other specified frivolous submissions (namely, a request for a collection due process hearing, or application for an installment agreement, offer-in-compromise, or taxpayer assistance order) that are based on a position which the Secretary has identified as frivolous or reflects a desire to delay or impede the administration of Federal tax law.

  2. A frivolous argument is used for the purpose of expressing dissatisfaction with the substance, form, or administration of the tax laws by attempting to illegally avoid or reduce tax liabilities. Recognized frivolous arguments made by both individuals and businesses can be found in Notice 2010-33, 2010-17 I.R.B. 609.

  3. Accounts with a transaction code (TC) 971(089) indicate that a frivolous return has been received. An F- freeze is generated on all tax periods and a CP 72 is issued to the taxpayer. The TC 971(089) will freeze the entire account and establish the account on AIMS, using source code 20, PBC 298 (Ogden), Project Code 0310-0349.

    ALL calls identified with the Exam Project Code 0310-0349, or cases that have a TC 971(089) and/or F- Freeze on the tax account or where the caller identifies that they have received a CP 72, Letter 3175(c) or Letter 3176(c), should be referred to the Ogden Frivolous Return Program.

    Instruct the taxpayer to call 1-866-883-0235. Available hours are Monday - Friday from 7:00 AM - 3:30 PM Mountain Standard Time.

    Employees outside of the Ogden Frivolous Return Program should not attempt to handle these calls.

  4. Use the following procedures when referring frivolous claims and/or correspondence to the Ogden Campus Frivolous Return Program:

    1. Prepare Form 3210, Document Transmittal. Include the Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) and tax year for each claim, document or correspondence, along with the releasing official's name and the originator's address. In the remarks box of the Form 3210, indicate whether the document is an amended return or correspondence. Forward the Form 3210 along with the taxpayer's documents to the following address:
      Ogden Compliance
      1973 N Rulon White Blvd, M/S 4450 OSC
      Ogden, UT 84404
      Attention: Frivolous Return Program.

      Note:

      If claim is received through CIS, route the claim to M/S 4450 OSC in Ogden by selecting the Ogden Central printer in CIS. A Form 3210 is not needed if routing through CIS.

    2. Transship trust returns to Ogden/Frivolous Return Program (FRP) if all of the following apply: the trust is a simple, complex or grantor type; the entity was created in 1991 or later; the activity on the attached Schedule C is not oil or gas; and the tax is less than $3,000.

    3. If a non-frivolous claim is received and CC TXMOD shows an open control base to an employee in the FRP (Unit Numbers: 04690, 04691, 04692, 04693, or 04694), transship to Ogden/FRP.

    4. For claims only, input TC 971 with Action Code 013. Enter "Sent to Ogden/FRP" in the remarks area.

  5. Taxpayers may call complaining about filing and paying taxes. It is our responsibility to educate taxpayers to help them understand and meet their tax obligations. Inform the taxpayer that the IRS administers the tax laws but does not have the authority to change the laws and cannot debate the legality or constitutionality of the laws. Respond to the taxpayers' inquiries on specific tax issues related to their account, but do not debate general tax issues. Take the following actions when speaking with a taxpayer about a frivolous argument:

    1. Refer the taxpayer to the FRP toll free number 1-866-883-0235 only if there is a valid issue that you cannot address or there is an open control base to an employee in the FRP and the taxpayer is attempting to become compliant. DO NOT refer taxpayers to this number if they are only questioning IRS authority or tax law.

    2. Review the activities on CC TXMOD and explain what has been done with the taxpayer's return. TC 599 with closing code 94 indicates a processable return which will be processed exactly as the taxpayer filed it but the refund will be held pending an examination of the return. TC 599 with closing code 17 indicates a non-processable return that cannot be processed.

    3. Determine if the taxpayer has received Publication 2105, Why Do I Have to Pay Taxes? If so, refer the taxpayer to this publication. If not, send the publication to the taxpayer and/or refer the taxpayer to the IRS web site at http://www.irs.gov. Publication 2105 lists the factual information in response to some of the most common arguments.

    4. Explain the potential consequences of filing frivolous documents such as a $5,000 penalty, additional tax assessment and other penalties and interest.

    5. Encourage the taxpayer to file a non-frivolous return.

    6. Review the activities on CC ENMOD to see if a history item has been input indicating Letter 3175C or Letter 3176C has been sent in response to frivolous correspondence or a frivolous return. Letter 3175C, Frivolous Correspondence Response, is sent to the taxpayer in response to frivolous correspondence and explains that the argument used is frivolous and IRS will not respond to subsequent inquiries of a similar nature. Letter 3176C, Frivolous Return Response, is sent to the taxpayer in response to frivolous returns/claims and explains that the argument used is frivolous, warns of a possible penalty assessment if a corrected return or waiver of claim is not filed and that IRS will not respond to subsequent inquiries of a similar nature.

21.5.3.4.16.8  (10-01-2002)
Renegotiation of Government Contracts

  1. When contracts with government agencies are renegotiated and the amount of excessive profits is eliminated, the taxpayer is required to pay or repay the contracting agency. Route these cases to the campus Examination Operations.

21.5.3.4.16.9  (10-01-2005)
Receipt of Deposits

  1. During an examination, a taxpayer may make a deposit against a potential underpayment of tax liability. Pursuant to IRC § 6603, the receipt of the deposit stops the running of interest on the potential underpayment. If any portion of the deposit is returned to the taxpayer, the taxpayer may be entitled to interest on the returned amount to the extent the deposit was attributable to disputable tax. Disputable tax means the amount of tax specified at the time of deposit as the taxpayer's reasonable estimate of the maximum amount of any tax attributable to disputable items.

  2. Upon receipt of a deposit:

    1. Notify taxpayer of the facts relating to deposits.

    2. Mail Letter 316C via certified mail, giving taxpayer the opportunity to request the return of his or her deposit if conditions are not satisfactory.

    3. The second page of Letter 316C can be used for this request.

21.5.3.4.16.10  (10-01-2005)
Claim for Refund of the Cash Bond

  1. When a request from a taxpayer for the return of a deposit is received:

    1. Perform research to determine if taxpayer has any other outstanding liabilities.

    2. Research AIMS to determine the Status of the examination.

    3. Request the posting voucher if the payment in question is not posted as a deposit. The Form 3244-A, Payment Posting Voucher – Examination, should indicate either a deposit or a cash bond.

    4. Research to determine whether the taxpayer previously requested the remittance to be treated as a payment of tax.


  2. Work these requests as expeditiously as possible.

21.5.3.4.16.11  (10-01-2007)
How to Identify A Deposit on the Tax Module

  1. A deposit may be identified on the tax module by the following items:

    • The posting of a TC 640 with the literal "Cash Bond" displayed.

    • Tax Class 0 - 8

    • Document Code 17 (19 for Electronic Federal Tax Payment System)

    • Blocking Series 990 - 999

  2. The identity of a remittance as a deposit is lost when it is transferred from one account to another. Therefore, the tax examiner must verify the original remittance posting is indeed a deposit (or a cash bond if the remittance was made prior to the enactment of IRC § 6603).

21.5.3.4.16.12  (10-01-2007)
When Not to Return a Deposit

  1. Do not return a deposit when there is an outstanding liability for the same taxpayer. Apply deposits to the extent permissible under IRC § 6603.

  2. If there is any question whether a deposit should be returned to the taxpayer, obtain technical advice following local procedures. If the deposit is not returned for any reason, notify the taxpayer promptly.

21.5.3.4.16.13  (10-01-2005)
Honoring Request for Return of Deposits

  1. Once it is determined the taxpayer is entitled to the return of a deposit:

    1. Prepare Form 3753, Manual Refund Posting Voucher, according to IRM 3.17.79, Accounting Refund Transactions.

    2. If Form 3244-A, Payment Posting Voucher Examination, is requested, attach it and forward it with Form 3753.

    3. Allow interest on the return of deposits to the extent the deposit is attributable to disputable tax. Disputable tax means the amount of tax specified at the time of deposit as the taxpayer's reasonable estimate of the maximum amount of any tax attributable to disputable items. See IRC § 6603 for more information regarding interest on deposits.

  2. Any non-tax liability owed by the taxpayer will be offset by the Financial Management Service (FMS) through the Treasury Offset Program. Refer to IRM 21.4.6.5.3, Injured Spouse Inquiries, for additional information on refund offsets.

21.5.3.4.16.14  (10-24-2008)
Non-Negotiable Remittances

  1. If Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Tax Return, or other correspondence is received with a non-negotiable remittance attached, process as follows:

    1. Attach a copy of the remittance to the claim and process the claim.

    2. Return the remittance to the taxpayer using the variable paragraph in Letter 315C. Advise the taxpayer, the remittance must be made payable to the United States Treasury. The taxpayer should send a corrected payment as soon as possible with a copy of the letter.

      Caution:

      Extreme care must be taken to ensure that only the material relative to the taxpayer(s) to which the correspondence is addressed is enclosed in the envelope. Refer to IRM 21.3.3.4.26, Breaches of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) Caused by Manual Stuffing Errors, for additional information.

21.5.3.4.16.15  (12-20-2010)
Form 8939, Allocation of Increase in Basis for Property Received from a Decedent

  1. Form 8939, Allocation of Increase in Basis for Property Received from a Decedent, allows an executor of an estate to report the cost basis of inherited property.

  2. If a loose Form 8939 is received, forward the form to the address listed in (3) below.

  3. If a Form 8939 is received with an amended return, process the amended return following normal adjustment procedures. After processing the amended return, forward a complete copy of the amended return (with the Form 8939) to:

    Estate and Gift Tax Operation
    201 W. Rivercenter Boulevard
    Covington, KY 41011
    Attn: Stop 824G

21.5.3.4.16.16  (11-18-2011)
Late Election by Real Estate Professionals - Revenue Procedures 2011–34

  1. Rev. Proc. 2011-34 provides guidance for qualified real estate professionals to make a late election to aggregate all interests in rental real estate as a single activity. The procedures in the Rev. Proc. are in lieu of applying for a private letter ruling. The granting of an extension of time to file an election does not automatically mean that the taxpayer satisfies Rev. Proc. 2011–34 eligibility requirements, qualifies as a real estate professional, or materially participates in any activity. Under Rev. Proc. 2011–34, a taxpayer is granted an extension of time to file, if the taxpayer meets all of the following requirements:

    • Failed to make an election solely because the taxpayer failed to timely meet the requirements in Rev. Proc 2011–34.

    • Filed returns consistently with having made an election to aggregate and did not file any returns inconsistent with the requested aggregation of activities for all years including and following the year the taxpayer intends the requested aggregation to be effective.

    • Timely filed each return that would have been affected by the election if it had been timely made. A return is timely if filed within six months after its due date, excluding extensions.

    • Has reasonable cause for its failure to not make a timely election.

    If the taxpayer meets all the eligibility requirements of Rev. Proc. 2011-34 above, the taxpayer may make a late election by attaching the statement to an amended return.

    Note:

    There should be no tax deficiency/refund when the late election is filed with an amended return if the taxpayer has consistently filed returns as though they made an election. The taxpayer must also explain the reason for the failure to file a timely election and establish reasonable cause. Correspond with the taxpayer and include the following paragraph "Your amended return is a completed application for request under Revenue Procedures 2011-34."

  2. If the taxpayer fails any of the eligibility requirements of Rev. Proc. 2011–34, then the taxpayer is not qualified for the relief to make a late election. As such, each rental will be treated as a separate rental real estate activity. Follow the "No Consideration" procedures as outlined in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures.

Exhibit 21.5.3-1 
Claim Processing with Examination Involvement

This exhibit provides details for processing a claim with Examination involvement.

In order to identify the appropriate information, you must first determine the following:

Does the account have a -L freeze and, if so, what is the current status on Audit Information Management System (AIMS)?

Reminder:

Check for a -L freeze on both taxpayer's accounts when processing a filing status change from/to married filing jointly. If a -L freeze exists on either account, follow the procedures as outlined below.

  • Accounts with a -L freeze indicate an account has been selected for a potential audit.

  • The AIMS status (as viewed with Command Code (CC) AMDISA) will determine the current status of the potential audit.

  • Since not all cases with a - L freeze will be audited, processing procedures differ based on the AIMS status.

Does the claim meet Category A (CAT-A) criteria?

  • CAT-A criteria is outlined in Exhibit 21.5.3-2, Examination Criteria (CAT-A) - General, Exhibit 21.5.3-3, Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – Credits, or Exhibit 21.5.3-4, First-Time Homebuyer Credit – Additional CAT-A Criteria

  • CAT-A criteria identifies issues that require a referral to the Examination Classifiers prior to allowing a taxpayer's claim, including protective claims and requests for abatement of CAT-A criteria penalties as identified in Exhibit 21.5.3-2, Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – General.

IRM 21.5.3.4.7, Processing Claims and Amended Returns With Examination Involvement, should also be reviewed prior to referring any cases to Examination.

Before forwarding any case to Examination, input any tax increase or credit decrease.

When adjusting for the tax increase/credit decrease, include any updates to the Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), Taxable Income (TXI), and other applicable reference numbers. Use the appropriate blocking series and priority codes as necessary. Input the adjustment with a hold code 4 and input a TC 470 to hold any balance due notices.

Exception:

Substitute for Return (SFR) accounts containing a - L freeze: Forward the return to Examination without inputting any adjustments if the AIMS information indicates a Primary Business Code (PBC) of 296 (for MFT 01 and 10 only) or PBC 212, regardless of AIMS status. See below for all other SFR accounts.

Exception:

All other Substitute for Return (SFR) accounts containing a -L freeze: Input all of the account information (not just tax increases and credit decreases). Adjust the account to the figures (AGI, TXI, tax, credits, etc.) on the taxpayer's return using hold code 4. Input a TC 560 to update the ASED. Do not input a TC 470 on these SFR cases. After the necessary adjustments are input, forward the return to Examination per the AIMS data, regardless of AIMS status.

Example:

Form 1040X showing an increase in tax and an increase in the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) – Input the adjustment for the tax increase and adjust the AGI/TXI as reported, but do not adjust the EITC. Use hold code 4 and input a TC 470 to hold the balance due notices.

Example:

Amended return filed to increase tax by $1000 (line 6 of Form 1040X) with an increase in non-refundable credits (line 7 of Form 1040X) of $1500 for an overall total tax decrease of $500 (line 10 of Form 1040X) – Input an adjustment for the $1000 tax increase only, plus any changes to AGI/TXI, etc. that may be reported. Do not include the non-refundable credits. Ensure the adjustment contains a hold code 4 and a TC 470 is input to hold the balance due notices.

Cases referred to the CAT-A classifiers will be returned with processing instructions as outlined in the following table:

If ... Then ...
Examination indicates "selected" Case is selected for audit – Accounts Management (AM) will:
1. Input the necessary audit trail with a TC 971 and Action Code (AC) 013.
2. Input any applicable letters to the taxpayer. Refer to IRM 21.3.3.4.2.1, Use of 86C Letter - Referring Taxpayer Inquiry/Forms to Another Office.
3. Route the case if necessary.
4. Close the case.
Examination indicates "rejected" AM will resolve the reason for rejection and resubmit the claim as Category A

Note:

If additional information is needed from the taxpayer, AM will reject the claim and request the information. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.3, Tax Decrease and Statute Consideration , for information on processing statute year claims.

Examination indicates "accepted" The issue is allowable and AM will input the necessary actions to adjust the account and release any overpayment.
Examination indicates "disallowed" The issue is not allowable – AM will input the disallowance adjustment and send the appropriate disallowance letter. Refer to IRM 21.5.3.4.6.1, Disallowance and Partial Disallowance Procedures.

The information below outlines the procedures based on the different combinations of CAT-A criteria and AIMS status codes.

For accounts without a -L freeze

If the claim does not meet Category A criteria, process the claim following normal adjustment procedures.

If the claim meets Category A criteria, input any tax increases or credit decreases and forward the claim to CAT-A Exam for classification.

For accounts with a -L freeze and the AIMS status is 08 or less:

If the claim does not meet CAT-A criteria, process the claim following normal adjustment procedures. Include the appropriate priority code to prevent an unpostable. Do not forward the case to Examination.

If the claim meets CAT-A criteria, forward to Examination as CAT-A after inputting any tax increase or credit decrease.

For accounts with a -L freeze and the AIMS status is 09 or more:

If the return is a "true duplicate " , input a TC 290 .00 to release the freeze utilizing "TRUEDUPF" as the activity code when inputting the adjustment. Use hold code 1 if the account reflects a credit balance. Do not forward to Examination unless the return also includes taxpayer correspondence. If correspondence is included, forward to Examination per the AIMS data.

For all other claims/amended returns, regardless of CAT-A criteria, input any tax increase or credit decrease. Do not input tax decreases or credit increases. If the adjustment will leave the module with a credit balance, use hold code 4. If the account is in balance due status, input a TC 470 with no closing code. Route the case to Examination per the AIMS data.

Exhibit 21.5.3-2 
Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – General

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Note:

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≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
"≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Example:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ "

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Example:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Example:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Example:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
  1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

:
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
  1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
"≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exhibit 21.5.3-3 
Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – Credits

Exhibit 21.5.3-2., Examination Criteria (CAT-A) – General, for additional criteria and information pertaining to CAT-A.

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡


≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
     

Exhibit 21.5.3-4 
First-Time Homebuyer Credit – Additional CAT-A Criteria

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exception:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡

Note:

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  5. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  6. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  7. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Example:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  8. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  9. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  10. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  11. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  12. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  13. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  14. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  15. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  16. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  17. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  18. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  19. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  20. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  5. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  6. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  7. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Example:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  8. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  9. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  10. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  11. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  12. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  13. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exhibit 21.5.3-5 
First-Time Homebuyer Credit Automated Tool

An Integrated Automation Technology (IAT) tool is available as part of the xClaim tool to perform research related to the First-Time Homebuyer Credit (FTHBC). The tool will research existing taxpayer information and provide a response for the processing of the claim, including referrals to CAT-A or disallowance of the claim.

Note:

The IAT tool may be unavailable at certain times due to programming updates. Manual review of the different criteria is required if the tool is unavailable.

Prior to running a FTHBC claim through the tool, ensure the claim is complete. Claim requirements specific to the FTHBC are outlined in IRM 21.6.3.4.2.11.6, First Time Homebuyer Credit Claims. In certain instances, the claim will be "no considered" . The tool cannot check the "no consideration" conditions.

If one of the no consider conditions exist, the claim must still be checked for possible disallowance conditions. If a disallowance condition exists, the claim will be disallowed. The disallowance criteria is provided in IRM 21.6.3.4.2.11.6, First Time Homebuyer Credit Claims. The IAT tool will perform the disallowance check for the following criteria:

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    5. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    6. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    The IAT tool cannot research the purchase price of the home.

The IAT tool will also research for the different CAT-A criteria as discussed in Exhibit 21.5.3-4, First-Time Homebuyer Credit – Additional CAT-A Criteria.

Exhibit 21.5.3-6 
Adoption Credit – Additional CAT-A Criteria

As part of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted in March 2010, the adoption credit is refundable for the 2010 and 2011 tax year only. In addition to filling out Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses, eligible taxpayers must include with their 2010 or 2011 tax returns (or amended tax returns), one or more adoption-related documents.

Refer to IRM 21.6.3.4.2.15, Form 8839 Qualified Adoption Expenses, for additional guidance related to the adoption credit.

Processing of adoption credit claims filed on Form 1040X will differ based upon the status of the adoption (e.g., "final" or "in process" ) and the attachment of the adoption-related documents. Numerous filters will be applied which will determine whether the claim is "auto-selected" for audit in Examination or is forwarded to the CAT-A Classifiers for consideration.

An Integrated Automation Technology (IAT) tool will be available to review the numerous Examination criteria filters and will provide guidance for processing adoption credit claims. The tool will check for instances of "auto-select" criteria and provide the appropriate routing guidance. Other criteria will be identified for forwarding as a CAT-A referral.

Processing of the CAT-A referrals will be consolidated in the Andover CAT-A queue. In order to accomplish this, Submission Processing will identify the adoption credit claims prior to forwarding to the Image Control Team (ICT). ICT will scan the adoption credit claims directly to Andover.

Note:

Not all adoption credit claims will be identified and scanned directly to Andover. Do not automatically reassign these claims to Andover, but process the claims through the IAT Adoption Credit tool and follow the guidance below.

Due to the extensive application of the different criteria filters, if the tool is not available, all claims for the adoption credit will be reassigned to Andover Accounts Management for forwarding to the Andover CAT-A Classifiers for consideration. Reassign the case through CIS to IDRS number 0830141335 for tax year 2010 and 2011 with category code NYCX.

Note:

All claims must have the Form 8839 attached. If the Form 8839 is not attached, “no consider” the claim as outlined in IRM 21.5.3.4.6.3, No Consideration Procedures.

If the claim is submitted without the adoption-related documents, the claim will be considered an “auto-select” and will be forwarded directly to Examination for audit or referred to CAT-A, depending on the BOD as identified on IDRS.

Necessary steps prior to forwarding to Examination or referring to CAT-A:

  1. Run the IAT adoption credit tool – indicate the documents are not attached

  2. Attach the pdf generated by the tool to the CIS case

  3. List any information identified by the tool in the CIS case notes – the tool will list any broken filters

  4. Include the applicable routing information/stop number as identified by the IAT tool

  5. Route/refer the claim through CIS to Examination or to the Andover CAT-A queue

    Note:

    If processing the claim at a site other than Andover and the tool identifies a referral to CAT-A, reassign the case through CIS to IDRS number 0830141335 , for referral to the Andover CAT-A queue for tax year 2010 and 2011 only. Use category code NYCX.

    Note:

    WI taxpayers will be referred to CAT-A using “HQ-Reserved 2” for the referral reason. SBSE taxpayers will be routed to Memphis Examination by selecting the Memphis centralized printer from the CIS drop down menu. Use category code NYCX.

If the claim is submitted with the adoption-related documents, the tool will identify whether the claim is considered an “auto-select” for forwarding directly to Examination or whether the claim will be forwarded to the Andover CAT-A Classifiers.

Necessary steps if the Form 8839 indicates the adoption is “final”:

  1. Run the IAT adoption credit tool – indicate documents are attached

  2. Attach the pdf generated by the tool to the CIS case

  3. List any information identified by the tool in the CIS case notes – the tool will list any broken filters

  4. Forward the case as indicated by the tool. Tool will advise to route the case as an “auto-select” to Examination or forward the case to Andover CAT-A for consideration.

    Note:

    If processing the claim at a site other than Andover and the tool identifies a referral to CAT-A, reassign the case through CIS to IDRS number 0830141335 , for referral to the Andover CAT-A queue for tax year 2010 and 2011 only. Use category code NYCX.

    Note:

    WI taxpayers will be referred to CAT-A using “HQ-Reserved 2” for the referral reason. SBSE taxpayers will be routed to Memphis Examination by selecting the Memphis centralized printer from the CIS drop down menu.

Necessary steps if the Form 8839 indicates the adoption is “in process”:

  1. Review the adoption-related documents to ensure the child and taxpayer names match the information provided on the Form 8839.

  2. If the documents do not match,
    or if you cannot determine the validity of the documents, follow steps c - f below. .

  3. Run the IAT adoption credit tool – indicate that the documents are attached.

  4. Attach the pdf generated by the tool to the CIS case, if applicable.

    Note:

    If xClaim does not identify any broken adoption filters, allow the adoption credit and process the amended return.

  5. List any information identified by the tool in the CIS case notes – the tool will list any broken filters, if applicable.

  6. Forward the case as indicated by the tool. Tool will advise to route the case as an “auto-select” to Memphis Examination or forward the case to Andover CAT-A for consideration.

    Note:

    If processing the claim at a site other than Andover and the tool identifies a referral to CAT-A, reassign the case through CIS to IDRS number 0830141335 ,for referral to the Andover CAT-A queue for tax year 2010 and 2011 only. Use category code NYCX.

    Note:

    WI taxpayers will be referred to CAT-A using “HQ-Reserved 2” for the referral reason. SBSE taxpayers will be routed to Memphis Examination by selecting the Memphis centralized printer from CIS.

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

Exhibit 21.5.3-7 
Fraud Referral Claims

  1. This exhibit provides details for processing IMF fraudulent claims that do not have an existing treatment stream.

  2. A fraud referral database (FReD) has been created that enables potential tax fraud or non-compliance leads to be disseminated and subsequently acted upon. The database does not replace any existing referral methods.

  3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  4. Employees who discover a questionable case will refer the case to their lead or manager. The employee will maintain an open control base and suspend the case while waiting for a response. Update the IDRS activity to "REF2FRED" after suspending the case to the manager or lead.

  5. The lead or manager will review the case to ensure fraud referral criteria are met.

    • If criteria are not met, the case will be returned to the employee with a message advising why fraud referral criteria were not met.

    • If criteria are met, the lead or manager will refer the case information to their local fraud referral coordinator via E-mail indicating why the case was referred and the CIS case number. Accounts Management Fraud Referral Coordinators can be found on the Who/Where tab in SERP,Accounts Management Fraud Referral Coordinators.

      Caution:

      The case will remain in "suspense " inventory for 7 days and if no action will be returned to the employee in their “active” inventory. Do not take action on the case until appropriate guidance has been provided.

  6. The fraud referral coordinator will review the case to ensure fraud referral criteria are met.

    • If not met, the fraud referral coordinator will send an E-mail to the lead / manager advising why the criteria were not met.

    • If met, the fraud referral coordinator will access FReD to see if the issue has already been identified.

    • If the issue has not been identified, access CIS, convert the CIS case image to a PDF file, submit a new report (from the link above), input the required fields and attach the case information.

    • If the issue has been identified, send an E-mail to ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ , subject line "FReD Case #" and the case number from FReD. In the E-mail state the number of additional cases identified and your need for the procedures to follow.

  7. Based on the characteristics of the case, the referral team (FReD) will get input from CI, Integrity & Verification Operation (IVO) and / or other impacted functional areas to develop guidance. The referral team will respond to the fraud referral coordinator within 3 business days via E-mail

  8. The fraud referral coordinator will forward the referral team’s guidance to the lead / manager within 5 business days of the original submission providing the appropriate actions needed.

  9. The lead / manager will attach the E-mail guidance to the CIS case by converting the E-mail to a PDF file.

  10. The lead/manager will "activate " the case back to the employee

  11. The employee will follow the guidance provided to close the case.


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