3.21.263  IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) Real-Time System (RTS) (Cont. 1)

3.21.263.5 
Submission Processing Center (SPC), ITIN Operation Instructions

3.21.263.5.2 
Clerical Instructions Overview

3.21.263.5.2.3 
ITIN Operations Clerical Process

3.21.263.5.2.3.14  (04-24-2014)
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Note:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  5. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  6. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
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    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  7. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  8. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  9. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  10. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
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      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  11. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Note:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

3.21.263.5.2.3.15  (06-02-2014)
Control of Form W-7 Suspense Wall

  1. The Suspense Wall consists of Form W-7s that require additional information before an ITIN can be assigned. The applicant is sent a CP 566 Notice and given 45 days to respond. The application is then held awaiting a response from the applicant and placed in a Suspense Folder. Suspense Folders are loaded on stripping carts before being delivered to the Suspense Wall area.

  2. The ITIN Suspense Wall is maintained in DLN sequential order. English (20294/20296) and Spanish (20292/20298) applications are not separated on the Suspense Wall.

3.21.263.5.2.3.16  (04-24-2014)
Filing on the Suspense Wall

  1. The Suspense Wall goes from right to left for filing purposes. When on row is full, then go to the next row, starting back on the right. When one section is full, go to the next section beginning again in the upper right corner. Because files are constantly being added and removed you will eventually need to begin again where the wall originally started. The wall area may need to be expanded if there is not enough room to accommodate new folders.

  2. Loose Suspense Files come from mixed batches stripped or from corrections. You should be able to place these in folders already on the Suspense Wall. The following guidelines apply;

    • Locate the coordinating folder by checking the DLN (minus the last 3 digits).

    • Place the case inside. Be sure to maintain the DLN order of the status sheets.

    • Make a folder if no folder exists (i.e., batch had no other suspense files, file arrived at the wall before its original batch) on the wall for the file and place the folder on the wall in DLN order.

  3. Loose Suspense Form 1040s are tax returns that need to be attached with their suspense case. The returns should have a Clerical Action Sheet attached with the DLN and batch number written on it. The following guidelines apply:

    • Locate the file folder on the wall.

    • Locate the specific application it is associated with and attach to the Form W-7 or family pack. If multiple returns apply to an application, stagger the Form 1040 by year in descending order.

    • Request a status sheet be printed (using the batch number and DLN of the associated Form W-7), if the file is not on the wall, and attach to the front of Form 1040 and place on the wall. It will remain on the wall until it is associated with the original Form W-7 or goes to R 99 status.

    • Send requests for research for the batch number and DLN to the designated team if there is no DLN.

3.21.263.5.2.3.17  (04-24-2014)
Pulling CP Notices from the Suspense Wall

  1. Designated clerks will pull cases from the Suspense Wall. Cases are pulled when a taxpayer response to CP 566 Suspense Notice is received or the time frame to hold the suspense case has expired.

  2. The following guidelines apply to pulling suspense cases from the wall;

    • Sign out a box and create another box for the notices that are found and associated with their suspense cases and attach the designated cover sheet indicating it is "Ready to be Batched" .

    • Locate the suspended cases on the wall by the DLN provided on the notice. If suspense case is not located on the wall, write in red ink "N.O.W." and the current date on the notice.

    • Determine if the suspended case is a single application or part of a family pack. If a single, associate the notice with the case using paper or binder clips. If part of a family pack , and you have a notice to associate with all suspended cases in the family pack, pull the entire case off the wall. Otherwise, you will need to file all notices that you have inside the folder with its corresponding suspense case. You will also need to place the designated color marker in the folder according to the day you do it. Each number represents a particular day (i.e., Monday = 1, Tuesday = 2, etc.).

    • Pull all cases that have expired their hold time and place in the yellow tag basket. Pull cases by number for the numbered day of the week that you are working. For example, on Monday, pull all folders having a "1" marker and batch them. On Tuesday, pull all folders with a "2" marker.

    • If the suspense case has a FIRPTA tag, associate it to the notice and place in the FIRPTA basket.

    • Place boxes of the notices that are "Ready to be Batched" on the Batching Tower.

3.21.263.5.2.3.18  (04-24-2014)
Reject Status 98 Flagged 65 Day Purge, Reject Status 99 ITN 0099 Report and Form 4442

  1. Applicants in status R 98 are flagged to show when 65 days have elapsed. Daily:

    • Pull the W-7 applications and all related attachments 65 days old from the suspense wall.

    • Annotate "R 98" in red ink in the top left corner of the application on the Final W-7 Status Screen page that is already attached. Circle out any other statuses present.

    • Stamp or annotate "ITIN Reject" in the TIN area of any attached return next to the applicant's name and any Form 2848 or Form 8821 not previously edited.

    • Attach Form 3471E, Edit Sheet and annotate the 65th day as the RPD only for returns going to processing.

  2. Applicants that are issued a Suspense Notice (CP 566) are given a time frame of 45 days to respond. If a response is not received within the allotted time, the Form W-7 systemically moves from Suspense Status to Reject Status "R 99" and will appear on the ITN 0099 Report. The ITIN 0099 Report is printed daily by the Clerical Manager or designee. ITIN Clerical will take the following steps to address applications in "R 99" status:

    • Review the report daily for applications that have moved from Suspense to Reject Status,

    • Pull the Form W-7 applications listed on the report and all related attachments from the suspense wall,

    • Highlight the DLNs on the report that are found. Write N.O.W. on the report next to the DLNs not found

    • Place the pulled notices on an empty batch cart. When the report is done or the cart is full, give the cart to the clerical lead. The lead will place a sign out sheet with the RPD date the same as the R99 report date on the cart. The cart is now ready to strip.

  3. Form 4442 - Inquiry Referrals

    1. TAC offices will prepare and fax Form 4442, which will list the DLN of the application and the action taken or requested, to the ITIN Unit

    2. Associate the Form 4442 with the file. If the TAC office worked the suspense application, the clerical unit will print the Final W-7 Status Screen.

  4. Use the following priority order when working Form 4442(s):

    • Suspense cases worked by TAC (Pull file from suspense wall)

    • General Inquiries

      Note:

      Missing Document Requests (MDRs) should be placed in the appropriate basket in the Lead area.

3.21.263.5.2.3.19  (04-24-2014)
Maintaining Original Supporting Identification Documentation

  1. The ITIN Unit has 60 days to return original supporting identification documentation to an ITIN applicant.

  2. If the applicant has not received their original supporting identification documentation back within 60 days of the date they mailed it, they may contact the IRS and request research for the missing/lost documentation. A missing document request is then prepared.

  3. Any Missing Document Request (MDR) inquiries received in the Clerical Unit will be routed daily to the designated team for appropriate research and actions.

  4. Original documentation that is part of a "Suspense Duplicate" should remain attached until associated with the original application on the wall and worked to assigned or rejected status.

3.21.263.5.2.3.20  (04-24-2014)
Undeliverable Mail

  1. After the Technical Unit has performed the research to obtain a better address of record for the applicant they will complete the cart and return it to the clerical unit.

  2. ITIN clerical will take the following actions to complete the process:

    If... Then...
    Better address is found, Application will be updated on the RTS by the TE and any associated notice will generate. Clerical will classify the status sheets for CP 565, 566 and 567. For CP 574, classify the printed CP Notice and edit the status sheet to reflect a Reject status and route to Files.

    Note:

    A Final W-7 Status Sheet will not generate for correspondence.

    Better address is not found and no original supporting identification documentation is present, Clerical will treat undeliverable mail as classified waste.
  3. If a better address is not found and original supporting identification documentation is present, the document is routed to the designated ITIN team to maintain the undeliverable file of original supporting identification documentation.

3.21.263.5.3  (01-01-2011)
ITIN Tax Examiner Processing Instructions - General

  1. This section provides guidance for ITIN Operation TE to review Form W-7 submitted by applicants for processing. Later subsections will provide guidance on navigation and entry of application data on the ITIN RTS. Refer to IRM 3.21.263.8.

3.21.263.5.3.1  (02-11-2014)
Getting Started

  1. Clerical will prepare carts of work for the Technical Units. Refer to IRM 3.21.263.5.2.1.3 for an overview of clerical batching instructions.

  2. Each cart consists of 21 batches. Sign out one batch of work in numeric sequence. Complete Cart Inventory Control Sheet, by entering the date, time and SEID in the Sign Out column. When you have completed the batch enter the date and your initials in the Sign In column.

  3. Access the RTS via the Employee User Portal (EUP), IRM 3.21.263.8.1.2, and follow the navigational instructions for the Preliminary W-7 Application Data Screen and the W-7 Application Input Screen to begin entering the application on the ITIN RTS.

  4. The TE will not need to code and edit the application, unless otherwise directed in these instructions. All information pertaining to the application will be captured on the RTS.

    Note:

    If you receive Form W-7 that indicates the application is for an adopted child, check the supporting documentation. If a Certificate of Citizenship or Permanent Resident Card is attached, write a red "A" after the "W-7" in the upper left corner for routing to the ATIN Unit at Stop 6182 in Austin.

  5. Make every attempt to use the information provided on Form W-7 and attachments to process the application for an ITIN. Review the entire application package. It is the TE's responsibility to:

    • Ensure that all relevant information is captured, and

      Note:

      Use abbreviations or acronyms when possible to update the RTS Remarks or Comments field when required. See Exhibit 3.21.263-49 for a listing of common RTS acronyms.

    • Edit all forms as required, and

    • Correctly reassemble the application package prior to returning it to the batch.

    Example:

    Information found in attachments that can perfect the Form W-7 include:
    - D/S indicated of I-20 or I-94
    - College name/length of stay indicated on Form W-8BEN
    - Treaty country and article indicated on Form 8233.

  6. You will process each application until the batch is complete. If you have a batch that is not completed by the end of your shift, bundle the completed portion and place the designated marker in the batch to indicate the start point. This will alert the next shift that this batch must be worked to completion. Both TEs will have their date, time and SEID present on the Cart Inventory Control Sheet.

  7. Once the cart is completed the Technical Unit will return the cart to the Clerical Unit for further processing (i.e., stripping, and printing of Final W-7 Status Screen, etc.).

3.21.263.5.3.2  (08-20-2014)
General Application Requirements

  1. Applicants must provide supporting identification documentation that proves their identity and foreign status along with proof of their U.S. tax reporting or filing requirement.

  2. Do not begin input of an application until you determine if a valid U.S. federal tax return is attached, unless the applicant is claiming an exception to filing a U.S. tax return. Refer to the paragraphs below to determine if a tax return is valid. Valid returns for ITIN processing must contain numbers other than zero.

    Exception:

    If the return has attached schedules with numbers other than zero present, consider the return valid even if only zeros are present on the return itself.

    Caution:

    Special action is required when today's date is within 90 days of the assessment statute expiration date (ASED) or refund statute expiration date (RSED) for an attached return. See .

    IRM 3.21.263.5.4.1 and IRM 3.21.263.5.9.6

    Note:

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  3. Use the entire table below to determine if a return shows a tax filing need:

    If... And... Then...
    Return has money amount shown, They are other than the standard deduction and exemption amounts, Return shows a tax filing need. Select "yes" for the RTS question "Is the tax return valid?"
    Return has income listed, No Form W-2, Form W-2G or Form 1099-R or other acceptable substantiation is attached, Return shows a ta filing need. Select "yes" for the RTS question "Is the tax return valid?"
    Return has income listed, Only Form 4852, Substitute for Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement is attached, Return shows a tax filing need. Select "yes" for the RTS question "Is the tax return valid?"
    Return has "zero" line entries, Schedules or attachments with dollar amounts to support the "zero" line entries are attached, Return shows a tax fling need. Select "yes" for the RTS question "Is the tax return valid?"
    Return has "zero" line entries, No schedules or attachments with dollar amounts to support the "zero" line entries are attached, Return does not show a tax filing need. Select "no" for the RTS question "Is the tax return valid?" and "Cannot calculate tax liability" from the "Invalid tax reason" menu.

    Caution:

    do not select "Tax return not signed" from the i"nvalid tax return reason" menu.

  4. Consider Form 1040NR valid when:

    • A statement on business letterhead stationery is attached, or

    • No numbers are present to calculate a tax liability (zero return) but an entry on any line is present, or

    • No schedules are attached but an attached statement indicates the nature of any income exclusion claimed and the amount of such exclusions so that such amounts can be determined, or

    • References to Treasury Regulation 1.6012-1(b)(1)(i) are present.

    Note:

    Form 8843 is sometimes used to establish a tax position and may or may not accompany Form 1040NR. A loose Form 8843 does not meet the tax return requirement or any exception criteria and does not qualify for an ITIN by itself. Date stamp all loose Forms 8843 for routing to Files for retention.

  5. When Form 1040X is received with a Form W-7 application:

    Caution:

    See also IRM 3.21.263.5.10.8

    if Form 1040X is for a primary or secondary applicant previously denied an ITIN.

    If... Then...
    Form 1040X is to add a dependent or a spouse to an original tax return, Process the Form W-7, annotate ITIN on tax return where applicable, and continue processing.
    Form 1040X is for the primary TIN, Consider a valid return if an IRS notice with the primary ITIN or other proof of filing is attached. If no proof of filing is attached, check RTS to see if this return was previously filed. If no prior proof of filing is found, treat as "no tax return attached" to reject the Form W-7.
  6. Refund tax return(s) (refund comprised of refundable credits) do not establish a tax filing requirement for the applicant when the only item of income or credit on the return is the credit or income shown on:

    • Form W-2(s) for another taxpayer (not the primary or secondary taxpayer), or

    • Form W-2(s) with the original name whited-out or altered, or

    • Form W-2C(s) or Form 4852(s) completed in pen and ink with the name of the employee on Form W-2C/Form 4852 as the employer and the name of the ITIN applicant as the employee.

      Exception:

      If other items of income or credit create a tax filing need, accept the return as establishing a tax filing need. If multiple returns are attached and at least one return has acceptable Form W-2s, the filing need is established for all of the tax returns. If RTS assigns an ITIN, edit to all returns.

  7. Use caution when deciding if the name on the Form W-2 is a different person than the Form W-7 applicant as the applicant may have used a different naming custom on the Forms. Compare the Form W-2 name to the attached tax returns and documentation. The tax return is always the governing authority for all applicants for the last name. See IRM 3.21.263.5.3.5.3.

  8. The tables below give examples of matching and non-matching names for primary or secondary taxpayers.

    Matching Names
    If Form W-2 shows... And return shows... Then...
    Maria Vallejo Amarillo Reno Maria V Amarillo Consider the names a match.
    Maria Vallejo Amarillo Reno Maria V Reno Consider the names a match.
    John Q Public John Quincy Public Consider the names a match.
    John Q Public John Public Consider the names a match.
    Non-Matching Names
    If Form W-2 shows... And return shows... Then...
    Maria Vallejo Amarillo Reno Dulce Reno Do not consider the names a match.
    Maria Vallejo Amarillo Reno Maria Gonzales Do not consider the names a match.
    Maria Vallejo Amarillo Susan Smith Do not consider the names a match.
  9. Sometimes the names on both lines 1a and lines 1b are used on the Form W-2s and returns. See the example below for correct processing:

    Form W-7 Birth Certificate Tax Return Form W-2
    Line 1a: Jesus Perez (Legal name as it appears on documents. This entry should reflect your name as it appear on a U.S. tax return.)
    Line 1b: Jorge Ambrosio Reyes (Name at birth if different)
    Jorge Ambrosio Reyes Jesus A. Perez Form W-2 #1: Jesus Antonio
    Form W-2 #2: Jesus A. Perez

    The name on Form W-2 #1 does not match the name on the tax return. But because there is a 2nd Form W-2 with a name that does match the tax return as well as the Form W-7, the "name mis-match" issue no longer exists. Normal ITIN processing should continue as the return is proved valid.
    Note that these entries do not match the name Jorge Ambrosio Reyes on the birth certificate provided:

    • Line 1a (legal name as on the tax return) Jesus Perez

    • Tax return

    • Form W-2 example #2


    The taxpayer has not proved their identity and foreign status. Employees should select "no" to the RTS query "Does applicant name match documentation?" for case to suspend S 02 with corresponding S 26-38.

  10. Accept the applications for processing without a tax return for spouses and dependents living with U.S. military personnel on a foreign base (not stationed within the United States): "Military Overseas" will generally be indicated to the right of box "h" or other documentation will be attached showing the application originated form a U.S. military installation located outside of the U.S. An APO, FPO, or DPO address indicates U.S. military personnel on a foreign base.

  11. The applications associated to the invalid tax return will be processed through the RTS as a Hard Reject.

    Exception:

    If there is a balance due on the tax return or the tax return is not properly signed, do not Hard Reject the application (never send back a return that shows a balance due or missing signature).

  12. If the applicant indicates their reason for submitting the application is to file a U.S. tax return but no return is attached, the applicant must prove a prior federal tax return filing with an open TIN issue. See IRM 3.21.263.4.2.. Follow the table below:

    If... Then...
    Applicant is primary, Select "no" to the RTS query "Tax return attached?"
    Applicant is
    • a spouse or dependent AND

    • IDRS notice (CP 54, math error, CP 10 or 11, etc.), or Form 1040X or copy of a return listing the applicant as a dependent is attached,

    Caution:

    CP 567 is NOT proof of prior return filing

    • Consider the tax return filing requirement met

    • Continue to process the Form W-7.

    Applicant is
    • a spouse or dependent

    • IDRS notice, Form 1040X or copy of a return is NOT attached that lists the applicant but applicant indicates a prior filing,

    Check the RTS for evidence of a previously submitted application. If the W-7 was previously submitted and failed to assign for any reason other than a tax return not attached, the information will be on the W-7 Application Preliminary Screen. If a return is not found:
    • No further research is necessary.

    • Continue processing the Form W-7 on the RTS.

    • On the Preliminary "W-7 Application Data Screen" , select "no" to the RTS query "Tax return attached?"

    • Allow RTS to update to the appropriate reject condition (R 17).

    ITIN becomes assigned during case processing, Edit the assigned ITIN(s) to the top center margin of the CP notice.
  13. If the tax return is claiming the Child Tax Credit and:

    • Schedule 8812, "Child Tax Credit," is attached, and

    • Schedule 8812 Part 1, "Filers Who Have Certain Dependent(s) with an ITIN" , is checked "no" for part A, B, C, or D (indicating the child did not meet the substantial presence test), OR both the "yes" and "no" boxes are checked, and

    • Country of Citizenship is OTHER than Canada, Japan, South Korea, India, or Mexico,


    then the dependent applicant does not qualify for an ITIN. Circle out the Date of Entry on Form W-7 to allow the application to reject R 12. Update the Remarks Screen with an explanation such as F8812 Part 1A marked no. .

    Note:

    If no boxes (neither the "yes" or "no" ) are checked, do NOT circle out the Date of Entry.

  14. If the Form W-7 application has Form 4868, Form 1040-ES or Form 1040ES-NR attached:

    • ITINs are not required to file the following:


    Form 4868, Application for Automatic Extension of Time to File U.S. Individual Income Tax Return
    Form 1040-ES, U.S. Declaration of Estimated Income Tax for Individuals
    Form 1040ES-NR, U.S. Estimated Tax for Non-resident Alien forms attached.

    • If Form 4868, 1040-ES or Form 1040ES-NR is attached, take the following actions:
      Annotate in the ITIN field on Form 4868, Form 1040-ES or Form 1040ES-NR "ITIN to be requested"
      Detach the Form 4868, Form 1040-ES or Form 1040ES-NR for immediate forwarding to the pipeline for processing.

3.21.263.5.3.3  (03-31-2009)
Handling of Form(s) W-7 / Form W-7SP with U.S. Tax Return

  1. Data pertaining to the attached U.S. Tax Return will be captured on the RTS in the Preliminary W-7 Application Data Screen, see IRM 3.21.263.8.3.1.

  2. Multiple W-7 applications may be attached to one single tax return or multiple year tax returns. This will be considered a family pack for ITIN processing. The family pack integrity must be maintained.

  3. Clerical will stagger applications within a family pack to assist the TE to readily identify when multiple applications are associated to the tax return.

  4. In the case of a family pack, process the primary application first.

3.21.263.5.3.4  (06-10-2013)
Documentation Overview

  1. ITIN Operation tax examiners receive many types of documentation in support of the Form W-7 application. The applicant must satisfy both Form W-7 and documentation requirements in order to be assigned an ITIN.

  2. This subsection provides guidance to tax examiners who process Form W-7 and accompanying documentation.

  3. Supporting identification documentation must prove foreign status, identity. This section identifies the types of supporting identification documentation that is acceptable for ITIN processing and their associated documentation code.

  4. Record at least two (2) pieces of documentation (one for passports) submitted with the application on the RTS Supporting Identification Documentation Screen. Refer to IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2, W-7 Application Input Screen.

  5. All documentation must be current, valid, and may not be the same type. When possible, select the documents for input that will allow for the correct assignment of the ITIN based on the list of 13 approved documents. The priority order of documents for input is:

    1. Passport

    2. Photo Identification

    3. All others

  6. A valid passport is the only stand alone document and does not require any additional supporting identification documentation. All other documents must be presented in a combination of at least two (2) to meet foreign status and identity.

  7. See the following exhibits will provide further guidance on dealing with supporting identification documentation:

    • Exhibit 3.21.263-4, Potential Work Authorization Visas

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • Exhibit 3.21.263-10, Visas and Counterfoils

    • Exhibit 3.21.263-11, Visa Waiver Program (VWP)

3.21.263.5.3.4.1  (01-01-2011)
Types of Form W-7 Documentation

  1. There are two types of documentation that are associated with Form W-7:

    • Supporting Identification Documentation, and

    • Exception Documentation

  2. Supporting identification documentation is required with Form W-7 as proof of the applicant's identity and foreign status. The documentation must also be current (unexpired) and meet certification requirements.

  3. Exception documentation is required with Form W-7 if the applicant is claiming exception criteria (in lieu of attaching a tax return) when applying for an ITIN.

3.21.263.5.3.4.2  (01-01-2015)
Reviewing Supporting Identification Documentation

  1. Before entering the W-7 to the ITIN RTS, evaluate the supporting identification documentation for:

    • Validity (must meet certification requirements; seeIRM 3.21.263.5.3.4.2.1

    • Proof of identity, and

    • Proof of foreign status

  2. The supporting identification documentation provided by the applicant must be from the acceptable list of thirteen documents required for ITIN assignment. The applicant must submit a passport or at least two other valid documents. At least one of the documents must contain a recent photo (unless a dependent under 14, or under 18 if a student). Applicants under 18 must submit a civil birth certificate (unless a passport is submitted) along with another acceptable document.

    Note:

    Certifying Acceptance Agents (CAAs) are required to submit a Certificate of Accuracy (Form 14194, W-7 COA) with the Form W-7 which provides specific identity and foreign status information reviewed by the agent. SeeIRM 3.21.263.5.3.2 for a definition of valid COAs. CAAs must also attach copies of the original or certified copies of all supporting identification documents (ID) for primary and secondary applicants interviewed face-to-face or on live electronic videos. Original ID or copies certified by the issuing agency are required for all dependent applications. See IRM 3.21.263.4.6 for situations when notarized copies are acceptable. CAAs must provide copies of exception documentation substantiating the exception claimed. If the COA is not signed by the authorized representative/responsible officer, the COA is invalid. See IRM 3.21.263.3.2.

  3. The table below provides a general description of the 13 types of acceptable supporting identification documents.

    Type of Document Definition Features
    Passport A travel document issued by a national government that identifies the bearer as a national of the issuing state (government) and requests that the bearer be permitted to enter and pass through other countries. Passports usually contain the following bearer's information:
    • Full Name

    • Photograph

    • Date of Birth

    • Nationality

    • ID Number

    • Expiration Date

    • Other means of individual identification

    Caution:

    The bearer's signature is required if the passport has a signature field and does not have a statement such as "the bearer is not required to sign" . If the bearer's signature is required but missing, the passport is invalid. See IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.1"Is the ID Valid?"

    Exception:

    Signature requirements for minors and the age of minors vary from country to country. Some countries accept the child's printed name with the parent's signature; some countries require no signature or just a thumbprint for a minor's signature. If the passport for a minor dependent (under 12 years of age) is valid except for a missing signature or has a parent's signature or thumbprint, consider the passport signed and valid.

    National Identification Card A piece of identification (ID) issued by the holder's government that is designed to verify the aspects of a persons identity. It may also be called a National Identity document or if in the form of a small standard-sized card, an identity card (ID card). National ID cards usually contain the following characteristics of the holder:
    • Full Name

    • Gender

    • Nationality

    • Date of Birth

    • Photograph

    • Thumb Print

    • ID Number

    • Signature

    • Expiration Date

      Note:

      May also be referred to as a Consular Identification Card (CID).

    U.S. Drivers License A document issued by a state government granting the holder the permission to drive in that state. U.S. drivers license will contain:
    • ID Number

    • Full Name

    • Full Address

    • Date of Birth

    • Expiration Date

    • Photograph

    • Other physical characteristics of the holder

    Civil Birth Certificate

    Note:

    Required for applicants under age 18 unless passport is present. If the application indicates that civil unrest in the country of birth prevents securing a birth certificate, pull for the Lead. The Lead will elevate these through proper channels to the ITIN Policy Section for a determination.

    A vital record that documents the birth of a child. The certificate itself usually includes most of the following information:
    • Birth Name

    • Date and time of birth

    • Sex of the child

    • Place and/or location of birth

    • Names of the child's parents

    • Birth weight and length

    • A birth registration number or file number

    Medical Records

    Note:

    Medical records are acceptable ONLY for dependents under 6 years of age.

    A medical record consists only of a shot/immunization record which documents the patient's name and chronological dates of the patient's medical history and care. The medical record must contain the child's name, date of birth, and complete address. In addition, the medical record must document the name, address, and phone number of the doctor, hospital, or clinic where treatment was last administered. If this information is not printed on the medical record, the medical record must be accompanied by a letter providing the required information on official letterhead and dated from the government authority, physician, hospital, or clinic who administered the latest care of the child. If applicant is from a country other than Mexico or Canada, I a DOE is required and the medical record must be from a U.S. facility.
    Foreign Drivers License A document issued by a government granting the holder the permission to drive in that Country. The International Driving Permit (IDP) is a supplement to a valid license. Foreign drivers license usually contain:
    • ID Number

    • Full Name

    • Full Address

    • Date of Birth

    • Photograph

    • Other physical characteristics of the holder

    U.S. State Identification Card A document issued by a state government for identification purposes only. Most of these cards resemble U.S. drivers license. U.S. State ID cards will usually contain:
    • ID Number

    • Full Name

    • Full Address

    • Date of Birth

    • Expiration Date

    • Photograph

    • Other physical characteristics of the holder

    Foreign Voters Registration Card A document that allows a citizen to check in with a central registry before being allowed to vote in elections. The document will usually contain:
    • Full Name

    • Address

    • District/Nationality

    U.S. Military Identification Card A U.S. Military identification Card or a Common Access Card is issued to active duty and reserve service members, employees, and contractors and is considered an identity document by the Department of Defense (DOD). Military dependents and retirees are issued a United States Uniformed Services Privilege and Identification Card (also commonly known as U.S. military ID, or less commonly abbreviated USPIC) and is an identity document issued by the DOD to identify a person as a member of the Armed Forces or a member’s dependent, such as a child or spouse. The document will usually contain:
    • Photograph

    • Full Name

    • ID Number

    Foreign Military Identification Card A card issued to service members by the Country the service member is serving. The document will usually contain:
    • Full Name

    • ID Number

    • Signature

    School Records

    School records are ONLY acceptable for dependent applicants under the age of 18.
    A school record is an official report card or transcript issued by the school or equivalent of a Ministry of Education and signed by the school or ministry official.

    Note:

    If the report card/transcript does not have all of the required information (school address, school or ministry signature, etc.) but an attached letter supplies the missing data, consider the school record valid.

    The school record must be:
    • Dated and contain

    • Student's name and

    • Course work with grades, and

    • Date of grading period(s), and

    • School name and address (the address is considered complete if it has the facility's name, city, and state).

    If applicant is from a country other than Mexico or Canada, a DOE is required and the school record must be from a U.S. facility.

    Exception:

    School records for applicants under the age of 6 do not have to be a transcript or report card showing the course work or grades. For example, a dated letter from a nursery school or kindergarten with the school name and address showing the applicant attends is sufficient. An applicant is considered under age 6 if they meet the age requirement at any time during the school period that is identified on the document.

    Note:

    An applicant is considered under 6 if they meet the age requirement:

    - At any time during the school period OR
    - On or before the date of a current nursery school or kindergarten letter. See IRM 3.21.263.5.3.4.2.2

    Visa

    Caution:

    A U.S. visa proves nationality, not citizenship. These are not the same.

    A citizen of a foreign country, wishing to enter the U.S., generally must first obtain a visa, either a non-immigrant visa for temporary stay, or an immigrant visa for permanent residence. The type of visa issued is defined by immigration law, and relates to the purpose of the travel. See Exhibit 3.21.263-4, Potential Work Authorization Visas and see Exhibit 3.21.263-10, Visas and Counterfoils, for more information.

    Canadian citizens do not require a visa to enter the U.S. directly from Canada for the purpose of visiting or studying

    Note:

    See IRM 3.21.263.4.3 paragraph (1) reason box "f " and "g " and IRM 3.21.263.5.3.5.2 paragraph (6) reason box" f" and "g" . These applicants have taxable scholarships, fellowships, or other grants and some require visas.

    The visa usually contains:
    • Visa classification

    • ID Number

    • Full Name

    • Gender

    • Date of Birth

    • Nationality

    • Expiration Date

    United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Photo Identification A variety of documents issued by USCIS to nonresident and resident aliens.

    Caution:

    Any of the following documents show the holder is eligible for a SSN and is not entitled to an ITIN:
    Form I-551 Permanent Resident Card ("Green Card")
    Document stamped "Resident Alien"
    Document stamped "Employment Authorization"

    They will all have a photo and the full name of the holder along with some identification characteristics.
  4. Use the following priority order to identify acceptable supporting identification documentation:

    • Passport

    • Photo ID

    • All others (e.g., medical records, school records, etc.)

      Note:

      A photo is not required if documentation is medical/school record for an applicant under age 18.

  5. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  6. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Example:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡


      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-6

    Figure 3.21.263-7

  7. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Note:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-8

  8. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Note:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    5. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    6. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-9

  9. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Reminder:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  10. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Reminder:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  11. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Reminder:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-10

  12. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-11

  13. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  14. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  15. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Caution:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-12

  16. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-13

  17. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-14

    Figure 3.21.263-15
  18. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-16
  19. If a combination of documents is presented, you must determine if the combination is acceptable and meets the required supporting identification documentation criteria for foreign status and identity. For example, applicant presents expired passport, valid current state drivers license, and birth certificate. The combination of valid drivers license and birth certificate is acceptable as supporting identification documentation. The expired passport will not considered for the application requirements.

    Note:

    If the application indicates civil unrest in the country prevents securing all required identification, pull for the lead to elevate through proper channels to the ITIN Policy Section (IPS) for a determination.

  20. CAAs:

    • Review supporting identification documents , and

    • Attach copies of the original ID or certified copies (certified by the issuing agency) of the ID for primary and secondary applicants, and the original ID or certified copies for all other dependents. See IRM 3.21.263.4.6 for exceptions.

    Supporting identification documentation attached to a case and listed on the COA that are invalid such as expired documents or age criteria exceeded for medical/school records, make the COA invalid.

    Caution:

    Process the identification documentation from Department of Defense CAAs e.g., the U.S. Navy, U.S. Army, U.S. Marines, U.S. Air Force, Judge Advocate General (JAG) offices, etc., as CAA submissions.

    Reminder:

    The Certificate of Accuracy (COA) must stay attached to the application, do not detach.

  21. Designated Taxpayer Assistance Centers (TAC) can review original passports and national ID cards ONLY for applicants appearing in person. Copies of the ID are attached to the Form W-7. All other original ID and all certified ID is mailed with the Form W-7 to Austin ITIN Operations for review and processing. TACs code the For IRS Use Only box to show documentation accepted, employee badge number, and if a tax return is attached.

    Note:

    TACs reviewing original passports and national ID will attach a Field Assistance (FA) Document Action Sheet (DAS) that authenticates that the ID was reviewed.

    Caution:

    The U.S. Embassy Tax Attache employees in Beijing, Frankfurt, London, and Paris review original and certified ID and forward copies only to the ITIN Operations. If Form 4442 is attached listing ID discrepancies, the applicant insisted that the Tax Attaché employee accept the Form W-7 despite the Tax Attaché employee advising the applicant their Form W-7 and ID did not meet established guidelines and was not acceptable. If your review confirms the ID is invalid, treat as invalid. See IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.1.

3.21.263.5.3.4.2.1  (02-11-2014)
Supporting Identification Documentation Certification Requirements

  1. Supporting identification documentation must meet certification requirements in order to be considered valid for ITIN assignment. This means that the document(s) presented must fall into one of the following categories:

    • Original

    • Certified

    • Notarized (see (2) below)

    Note:

    This does not apply to Exception Documentation.

  2. All Form W-7 applications must enclose original or certified copies (certified by the issuing agency) ONLY. Notarized copies are acceptable for these situations ONLY:

    • Reason code "a" and "h" are both checked and no return is attached/required (original or certified copies are required if a return is required)

    • Reason code "d" is checked (FPO/APO address or military ID only)

    • Reason code "e" is checked (FPO/APO address or military ID only)

  3. Original documents are:

    • Not changed from the initial state, and

    • Not a copy or replica of the original

    Note:

    If reason code "f" is checked and a return is attached, the ID must be original or copies certified by the issuing agency. SEVP ID processing does not apply in these cases. See "ID Certification" in IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.1

  4. Certified documents (passports, birth certificates, etc.) are certified by the issuing agency. This is the foreign agency that issues the ID. For most countries, national government agencies issued the ID and are the ones to certify it. Certified documents:

    • Have a stamp and/or an ink seal (may or may not be raised)

    • Are usually identified by a date indicating the document was issued after the date of registration

    • Require no further authentication



    Additional facts about certified documents are listed in the table below.

    Origin/Document type Action
    Consulates or embassies for foreign countries with foreign diplomatic representatives stationed in the United States Can certify the authenticity of their own country’s passports.
    U.S. consul/embassy employees Can certify foreign documents.

    Note:

    U.S. consul employees may certify the document itself or attach a separate authentication sheet (usually attached with an eyelet grommet). Examples of consul authentication include consul stamps, seals, ribbons, wafers, wax, and eyelet grommets.

    The American Institute of Taiwan (AIT) Has the same authority as a U.S. consul.
    Authentication such as stamps, seals, ribbons, wafers, wax, and eyelet grommets Must be original.
    Photocopies or faxes of notarized documents of certified documents Are NOT acceptable.
    Faxes or photocopies of certified documents Are NOT acceptable
    Faxed or E-mailed copies Can NOT be certified.
    German city halls (Gemeinde, Staatsvervaltung or Ortsverwaltung) or the village administrator (Burgermeister) Issue passports. Review the stamps and seals on certified copies of passports to ensure that they are from the same city that issued the passport.
    French regional government (“Prefect” or “Prefet”) authority Is used to Issue passports which are processed locally in the town hall (“Mairie”).



    Certified copies from the issuing agency documents (CCIA) are copies of the original document that have been certified by the issuing agency or official custodian of the original record. Use the table below to determine if the CCIA document meets the certification requirements.

    Reminder:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    If... Then...
    CCIA document is from an embassy or consulate office (includes both domestic and foreign offices), Accept as valid CCIA document.
    CCIA document is from a Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Office of Foreign Affairs, etc., Accept as valid CCIA document.
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ Accept as valid CCIA document.if ALL of the following features are present on the document:
    • Applicant’s name and date of birth

    • The type of document certified is identified (for example, passport).

    • A reasonable statement indicating that the document has been certified OR verified OR is a true copy is acceptable

    • An original seal with the name of the office certifying the document and the country’s emblem

    • Signature by an official

    • Date

    • Copy of the identification document that was certified

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  5. Notarized documents can be notarized by a U.S. notary, U.S. State Department, U.S. Consul, or U.S. Embassy employee or foreign notaries. Documents notarized by foreign notaries authorized under the Hague Apostille Convention must have an Apostille attached. See Figure 3.21.263-17. If the document originates in a country that is not a party to the convention, applicants should have the document certified by the foreign authority that issued it.

    Reminder:

    See IRM 3.21.263.4.6 for instances when notarized documents are acceptable.

    :

    Notarized documents:

    • Have a stamp and usually a raised seal

      Note:

      Documents notarized by U.S. notaries may or may not have a signature but a stamp or a raised seal will be present. Consider notaries from a U.S. possession as U.S. notaries. U.S. possessions include Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Commonwealth of Northern Marianna Islands and Guam.

    • Require no additional authentication

    • Have commissions considered valid (current or unexpired) if valid at the time that the document was notarized

    • May be a notarized cover letter indicating that the attached supporting ID has been certified. The cover letter must specify what is being notarized. Accept the cover letter as the notice of notarization for the individual applicant.

    Caution:

    Photocopies or faxes of notarized documents are not acceptable. Faxes or E-mail copies cannot be notarized


    Note:

    A notary notarizes a copy of a document to attest that they saw the original document. If the U.S. notary uses black ink, it may be difficult to distinguish copies from originals. If this is the only issue in doubt for the ID, accept the U. S. notarized document as valid.


    Exception:

    If a copy of a visa is not notarized but is accompanied by a copy of a notarized passport with the same number, accept as valid.


    Reminder:

    Do NOT accept documents notarized by a foreign notary whose country is not authorized under the Hague Apostille Convention. See Figure 3.21.263-18 for a list of Hague Apostille Convention members. Documents issued by countries not listed in the Hague Apostille Convention must be certified by the foreign authority that issued it.

    .

    Figure 3.21.263-17
    This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Please click the link to view the image.

    Figure 3.21.263-18
    Hague Apostille Convention Members
    Albania Dominica Liechtenstein Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    Andorra Dominican Republic Lithuania Samoa
    Antigua and Barbuda Ecuador Luxembourg San Marino
    Argentina El Salvador Malawi São Tome and Principe
    Armenia Estonia Malta Serbia
    Australia Fiji Marshal Islands Seychelles
    Austria Finland Mauritius Slovakia
    Azerbaijan France Mexico Slovenia
    Bahamas Georgia Moldova, Republic of South Africa
    Barbados Germany Monaco Spain
    Belarus Greece Mongolia Sri Lanka
    Belgium Grenada Montenegro Suriname
    Belize Honduras Namibia Swaziland
    Bosnia & Herzegovina Hungary Netherlands Sweden
    Botswana Iceland New Zealand Switzerland
    Brunei Darussalem India Niue The Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia
    Bulgaria Ireland Norway Tonga
    Cape Verde Israel Oman Trinidad and Tobago
    China, People's Republic of Italy Panama Turkey
    Colombia Japan Peru Ukraine
    Cook Islands Kazakhstan Poland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Costa Rica Korea, Republic of Portugal United States and its territories
    Croatia Kyrgyzstan Romania Vanuatu
    Cyprus Latvia Russian Federation Venezuela
    Czech Republic Lesotho Saint Kitts and Nevis  
    Denmark Liberia Saint Lucia  
  6. If the supporting identification documentation is in a foreign language, then a certified translation may be requested if the document can not be translated by someone within the ITIN Unit or TAC site. See Exhibit 3.21.263-42 and IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.1. If a translation is requested, then it must be attached to the supporting identification documentation, sealed, and signed by the official performing the translation.

    Note:

    Do not accept notarized certified translation only as a substitute for the supporting identification documentation authenticity. The supporting identification documentation must be considered separate from the notarized certified translation. Two documents are required:
    The original or certified ID, and
    The certified translation

    See IRM 3.21.263.4.6 to determine if notarized documents are acceptable.

3.21.263.5.3.4.2.2  (07-28-2014)
Document Expiration Dates

  1. Supporting identification documentation must be current and cannot be expired.

    Note:

    This section does not apply to Exception Documentation.

    The current date is defined as follows:

    Document Definition
    Documents with an expiration date present, Current is defined as "the expiration date of the document is after the submission date of the Form W-7 application" . If a document has expired by the IRS Received Date but was current when the applicant submitted it, accept as valid. Determine the submission date using the following priority:
    1. Postmark date on the envelope

    2. Signature date

    3. Today's date minus 10 days

    Document without an expiration date present,

    Exception:

    Some documents do not have an expiration date but will be considered current. Documents that do not have expiration date and require no expiration date entry to RTS include:

    • School or medical records (see paragraph (5) below)

    • Birth certificates

    • Foreign driver licenses


    Caution:

    Some national ID cards do not have expiration dates. Mexican voter cards issued prior to 2008 display no expiration date. Consider current and the expiration date as 12/31/CY for:

    • National ID cards with no expiration date

    • Mexican voter cards issued before 2008

      Note:

      Mexican voter cards issued 2008 and forward show only the year as the expiration date. The expiration year for 2008 forward is always 10 years from the issuance year. Consider Mexican voter cards issued 2008 forward showing only an expiration year to have 12/31/YYYY (expiration year shown) as the expiration date.

    For all others without an expiration date, leave blank.

    Note:

    All state ID cards have expiration dates except for Arizona.


    Exception:

    Filipino voter cards do not have an expiration date. If these cards suspend for a missing expiration date, refer to the lead for an override.

  2. Check both sides or all pages of documents for an expiration date and/or extension date.

    Caution:

    When reviewing a visa, if the expiration date has passed, check for the presence of information that extends the expiration date (Notice I-797A, Form DS-2019, etc.). Notice I-797A from United States Customs and Immigrations Services (USCIS) provides update information on the visa. Although it does not take the place of the visa, when presented along with the visa, and the applicable update (i.e., extension date) is present, it may be accepted. Form DS-2019, Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor (J -1) Status, identifies the exchange visitor and their designated sponsor and provides a brief description of the program, including the start and end date. administration of the exchange visitor program. See Exhibit 3.21.263-4, Potential Work Authorization Visas, for applicants who may qualify for a SSN, and see Exhibit 3.21.263-10, Visas and Counterfoils.

  3. If "DS" is noted as the visa expiration date on Form W-7, the visa expiration date is 1 year from the received date of Form W-7 or subsequent correspondence.

  4. Mexican voter's cards issued 2008 and forward list both the expiration date ("vigencia hasta" ) and the issue date ("emision" ) on the front and are valid for 10 years. If either date is missing or the valid time period is not 10 years, the card is questionable. This card has other differences including the hologram. Valid voter cards may use any of three different types of holograms, depending on whether the card was issued 1991–2000, 2001–2007, or 2008 and forward.

  5. Applications submitted for dependent children under 18 years of age may include a school record and applicants under the age of 6 years may include a medical record. Use the table below to determine the expiration dates for these types of documents.

    If... Then...
    Medical Record (shot or immunization records only),

    Reminder:

    These are acceptable ONLY for dependents under 6 years of age. If a DOE is required for the applicant, the record must be from a U.S. facility.

    Caution:

    if the only date shown is for a future visit, leave the expiration date blank on RTS and select "No" to "is the document valid?"


    Example: Attached birth certificate shows the applicant is a new born and the attached undated medical record only indicates a future visit. This medical record is not valid and must be processed as instructed above.

    Caution:

    A "cita" is not a valid date for a medical record.

    Use the date of service provided or the date on the medical records, whichever is later, to determine the expiration date and whether the record is current (not expired).
    • The document expiration date is one year from the date of the last immunization.

    • If only a month and year are provided, use the last day of the month to determine the expiration date.

    • If a dated provider letter is submitted, the document expiration date is one year from the letter date.

      Reminder:

      No actual expiration date will be input to RTS.

    School Record (official report card or transcript ONLY)

    Reminder:

    these are valid ONLY for applicants under the age of 18; if a DOE is required for the applicant, the record must be from a U.S. facility)

    These documents are considered current if they are for a school term that ended within 12 month of the date of the Form W-7 application. For example, for a January 2014 application, the school term must have ended January 2013 or later.

    Note:

    If the school record is a dated nursery or kindergarten letter, the letter should be no older than 12 months from the W-7 application.

    Reminder:

    No actual expiration date will be input to RTS.

3.21.263.5.3.4.2.3  (07-17-2014)
Security of Supporting Identification Documentation

  1. All original supporting identification documentation and certified copies from the issuing agency submitted with an application are maintained in a secure location in the ITIN Operation until the Form W-7 is processed to assigned or rejected status.

    Exception:


    - Suspended for other than questionable ID (S 02), or
    - Suspended for other than W-2 name mismatch (S 50)


    Once the application is processed to assigned, rejected, or suspended for other than questionable ID or Form W-2 name mis-match (S 50) response, the original and certified ID are mailed back to the applicant. Copies remain attached to the original application.

  2. The ITIN Unit Manager/Lead is responsible for insuring that all supporting identification documentation received is secured in a designated area at the end of each shift.

  3. No original supporting identification documents or certified copies from the issuing agency are to leave the ITIN Unit, clerical or technical unit, unless specific arrangements are made to secure them. They must be hand carried at all times.

    Note:

    Ensure taxpayer data other than the name and address is NOT visible through a window envelope. For example, Form 14413 and Form 14415 must use envelopes without windows if Form 14433 is not used to address the envelope. See IRM 3.21.263.5.3.4.2.4.

  4. Ensure compliance with IRM 10.2.13, Information Protection.

3.21.263.5.3.4.2.4  (08-18-2014)
Returning Original Supporting Identification Documents to Applicant

  1. If you have received original supporting identification documentation with the application, it is to support an entry on Form W-7. After you have completed entering all application information into RTS and the account is assigned, rejected, or suspended for other than questionable ID (S 02), Form W-2 name mis-match (S 50), you must return all original supporting identification documentation and certified copies from the issuing agency to the applicant.

    Note:

    When applicants suspended for S 02 status request (by Form 4442 or correspondence) the return of their supporting ID, review the ID for questionable traits (see IRM 3.21.263.5.3.4.4). Copy both sides of all ID showing information on both sides and return the ID to the applicant. Update the Remarks Screen to show:
    - Actions taken with entries such as returned driver license and birth certificate per Form 4442, etc.
    - Whether ID is valid/invalid
    - Any questionable characteristics identified (make entries such as MX VC has different fonts, no hologram, etc.)

  2. Process the work as follows:

    1. Prepare separate envelopes for the two following categories of supporting identification documentation:
      - Original or certified by issuing agency supporting ID for assigned, rejected, and suspended (not QID) applications
      - Original or certified by the issuing agency supporting ID for applications suspended for QID or Form W-2 name mis-match (S-50), response.

    2. Complete (enter DLN, name and address) and print Form 14433 (see Exhibit 3.21.263-51) for each envelope containing original or certified by issuing agency supporting ID. Access this form template at . Verify that the name, address, and DLN are correct on Form 14433.

      Caution:

      Make sure taxpayer data other than the name and address is NOT visible through a window envelope. For example, Form 14413 and Form 14415 must use envelopes without windows if Form 14333 is not used to address the envelope. The same envelope can be used to return both non-questionable/non-W-2 name mismatch issue ID and unsigned passports with Form 14415 when Form 14433 is enclosed and used to address the envelope.
      - QID/S 50: For envelopes containing documents from applications suspended for QID or Form W-2 name mis-match (S 50), secure Form 14433 to the OUTSIDE of the envelope.
      - Not QID: For envelopes containing documents for assigned, rejected, suspended (not QID) applications, insert Form 14433 INTO the envelope.


      Reminder:

      Only original documentation and certified copies from the issuing agency are returned to the applicant. If the applicant requests that their notarized copy be return to them, make a copy for the file and return the applicant's document.


      .

  3. Using the mailing address from the Form W-7 application, the tax examiner will address the envelope to return the original supporting identification documentation to the applicant.

    • Write legibly and do NOT address the envelope in red ink.

    • Envelopes must be printed using block letters (not cursive).

    • All letters must be capitalized (uppercase) without punctuation.

    • Ensure that you use the appropriate format (domestic or foreign) for addressing the return envelope. In most circumstances for domestic addresses, the first line contains the applicant's name, second line contains the applicant's street address, and the third line contains the applicant's city, state, and zip code.

    • The foreign address format differs from the domestic format. Refer to Figure 3.21.263-19.

    • When mailing overseas, use the proper size envelope to ensure delivery.

    Figure 3.21.263-19
    This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Please click the link to view the image.
  4. All individual identification documents in a family pack must be returned in a single envelope. Use an envelope that closely matches the size if the item(s) being returned. For example, if returning only a driver license, use a standard letter envelope (size 9 1/2 X 4). If returning a birth certificate that was received folded, then return it folded in the envelope closest to the size of the folded document. The envelope should be addressed to the primary applicant using the their application address on their Form W-7 application. If the primary does not have a Form W-7 application and already has a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN), return family pack ID in the following manner:

    • Address the first name line of the envelope to the primary, for example, Charles Oak

    • Address the second name line of the envelope to the family member with the ID being returned, for example, Joe Maple, Sue Willow, David Pine

    • Use the address of the attached tax return for the mailing address


    Exception:

    If an applicant is 18 years or older and no legal papers (Power of Attorney or Court Order) are attached designating someone else to act on their behalf, prepare a separate envelope for them.


    Caution:

    If the applicant attached a self-addressed stamped envelope, prepaid express mail or courier envelope with their application, place the original/certified copies of ID in this envelope. If this envelope has no return address, edit the ITIN mail address as the return address:
    Internal Revenue Service
    ITIN Operations
    PO Box 149342
    Austin, TX 78714-9342

  5. SeeExhibit 3.21.263-51, "Form 14433" . Form 14433 is available as a template ("fillable file" ) at the link on Form 14433. Complete and print Form 14433 to return the original documents and certified copies. Insert original supporting identification documentation and Form 14433 .in envelope. Place envelope(s) directly behind the complete application pack (single or family) and attach, with clip etc., to the application. Do not staple or paperclip the documents that are being returned.

    Caution:

    Do not seal envelope as quality may need to review the documents.

3.21.263.5.3.4.2.5  (01-01-2015)
Maintaining Supporting Identification Documents

  1. Original identification documents (ID) and copies certified by the issuing agency are returned to the applicant after the Form W-7 is processed. If the United States Postal Service (USPS) is unable to deliver the ID, the mail is returned to the IRS as undeliverable and the envelope mailed with it is usually attached. ITIN employees research for a better address. If a better address is found, the ID is mailed to the applicant. When a better address can not be found, the ID and any attached envelope must be stored in a secure ITIN location and maintained in the Lost Documents Database (LODO) for one year before the ID is classified.

    Exception:

    Passports are returned to the embassy of the issuing country after being stored for six months.


    A designated team in the ITIN unit maintains these documents.

  2. The designated team does the following to maintain supporting ID:

    • Enter new ID into the LODO database.

    • File and maintain ID in secure storage.

    • Purge ID that has been stored for one year (six months for a passport).

    • Classify documents that are not claimed.

    • Process “loose” ID that is found.

  3. LODO is reserved ONLY for original ID or copies certified by the issuing agency. This includes ID not required for Form W-7 purposes such as marriage certificates, baptismal records, residency letters, etc. If ID is not in the LODO database and no valid address to return them to the applicant is found, enter the documents in the LODO database as a new document. All information entered in the LODO is taken from the confidential (E-20) envelope containing the ID. Compare the information on the envelope to RTS information and edit if necessary.

    Note:

    If there is no history item in the RTS Comments Field or Remarks Screen stating the documents were sent to storage, update RTS when the RTS status permits. Make entries such as NBA DOCS IN STORAGE to indicate the location of the documents.


    To enter new undeliverable documents in LODO, open the database and find the "INPUT SCREEN" section. Using ALL CAPS and NO DASHES, populate the following fields:

    1. Date Recd: Enter the date you are entering the document into the LODO.

      Reminder:

      Write this date on the top right corner of the envelope.

    2. Place Found: Select "Undeliverable (Envelopes)" from the drop down list.

    3. Primary’s Last Name: Enter the last name.

    4. Primary’s First Name: Enter the first name.

    5. DLN: Enter the DLN of the primary if they do not have a SSN or ITIN.

    6. Primary’s ITIN or SSN: Enter primary ITIN or SSN if available.

    7. Dependent Information: Enter the name and ITIN (DLN if no ITIN is assigned) of each dependent, if applicable.

    8. Supporting Identification Check Boxes: Check all boxes pertaining to the ID in the envelope. Verify all documents are entered and listed properly on the envelope. Edit if necessary.

      Note:

      Use "Other ID" box for original documents not listed in the Supporting Identification section.

    9. Identification Info: Enter additional document information such as a marriage certificate, baptism certificate, etc., that is not listed in the check boxes. Also enter information such as country of origin of the document, number of the same documents if more than one, and any cross references between files.

    10. Auto Number: Write this number from LODO to the top left corner of the envelope. This number is used for filing the document in the LODO cabinet.

    11. Save Record: Click to save the information in the database and move to the next case.

  4. Use a confidential (E-20) envelope to store each applicant’s ID. Follow the steps below to edit these envelopes:

    1. Across the top of the envelope on the same line, write:
      - Auto number (generated from LODO) in the upper left corner.
      -Passport: in the upper center, write this ONLY if any of the documents are a passport. If no passport is enclosed, do not write an entry here.
      - Received date: in the upper right, write the actual date the documents are being filed in the secure location.

    2. In the left center of the envelope, write the dependent information in three lines as shown below:
      - Cherry-Tomato, Mary Sue DOB 11-03-1989 (full name and date of birth)
      - 123-45-6789 (ITIN or DLN on the next line)
      - 01 17 02 (actual documents enclosed on the next line)

    3. Below these entries and in the middle of the envelope, write the primary applicant information in two lines:
      - Tomato-Grape, John Michael 124-XX-XXXX (full name, ITIN/DLN/SSN)
      - 07-15-1968 (DOB on the next line)

    4. In the middle of the bottom of the envelope, write your SEID.

  5. Lost documents are stored in secure cabinets. The LODO cabinet has two sections: one for passports and another for all other document envelopes. Passports take precedence. If an envelope contains a passport and other ID, file the entire envelope in the passport section. File the envelopes in order of the auto number written on the upper left corner of the envelope.
    When the documents were previously entered in LODO and a better address is found, follow the steps below to file and maintain the document envelope:

    • Verify the address on the U.S.P.S. web site USPS.com for validity.

    • Prepare a new mailing envelope and mail the document to the applicant.

    • Notate in the LODO "Action Taken" box "BAF DOCS MAILED TO (enter the better address) on MMDDYYYY (actual date being worked) and end with the employee’s SEID)//" .

    • Verify all information on the envelope matches what is in LODO and correct if necessary

    • Verify the "closed " button is checked. If not, check it before saving the information

    • Click "SAVE AND GO BACK TO RESEARCH SCREEN" button when finished

    • Examine the confidential (E-20) storage envelope to ensure no documents are left inside. Classify the confidential storage envelope with a red “C” and place it in the classified waste.


    Note:

    Seal all envelopes being mailed and place in the outgoing clerical basket with appropriate cover sheet.


    If the If the documents were previously entered in LODO and a better address was NOT found, compare the date you are working the case to the date the document was initially input in LODO. If less than one year (or six months if a passport), take the following actions:

    • Notate in the LODO "Action Taken" box "DOCS RETURNED UNDEL NBA MMDDYYYY (actual date case worked) and employee SEID)//."

    • Verify the "closed" button is unchecked. If not, uncheck it before saving the information.

    • Check to make sure all information on the envelope matches what is in the LODO and correct if necessary.

    • Click "SAVE AND GO BACK TO RESEARCH SCREEN" button when finished.

    • Write the SAME auto number and date received on the envelope from the previous entry in LODO.

    • Re-file the document in the LODO cabinet.

    :

  6. Purge all LODO ID held in storage for one year and classify.

    Reminder:

    Passports are purged when the received date is aged six months or more.


    Follow these steps to purge documents:

    1. Use the query tool in LODO to determine which envelopes have expired (have entry dates over six months age for passports and over one year for all other ID)

    2. Pull these files with received dates aged six months or more for passports and aged over one year for all other ID.

    3. Using the information listed on the envelope, research RTS and IDRS for a better address.

    4. Verify any new address on the U.S.P.S. web site at USPS.com.

    5. If a better address is found, update the LODO to process the case.

    6. If a better address is NOT found, update the LODO and classify the documents as directed in paragraph (7) below.

  7. Classify all ID purged from the LODO storage cabinet.

    Exception:

    Mail all purged passports to the embassy of the issuing country. Use the ITIN share drive to create Form 14482 for the applicant and mail the passport back to the appropriate embassy. See Exhibit 3.21.263-6 for the embassy address for the issuing country.


    Follow these steps to classify purged documents:

    1. Remove all staples from the documents.

    2. Open up both sides of the confidential (E-20) envelope to ensure nothing is left inside.

    3. Classify the envelope by writing a large red C on it and place everything in the classified shredder bin.

      Note:

      If classifying ID cards or other plastic documents, cut them in half and throw in the appropriate trash bins.

    4. Notate in the LODO in the "Action Taken" box "NBA DOCS CLASSIFIED MMDDYYYY (actual date the case is worked), and end with your SEID//"

    5. Verify the "closed" button is checked. If not, check it before saving the information.

    6. Click "SAVE AND GO BACK TO RESEARCH SCREEN" button when finished.

  8. "Loose documents" are original ID/copies certified by the issuing agency that became separated from the Form W-7 or tax return and were found in the ITIN clerical, extraction, and other areas. The designated ITIN team stores these ID and maintains the information in the LODO. See paragraph (3) above for the LODO input instructions.

    To process "loose documents" , research RTS to identify the applicant to which the document belongs and follow these steps:

    If.. Then...
    Status is assigned
    1. Compare RTS to IDRS for the most current address

    2. If an address update to RTS is needed:

      • Select Reason for Change "Current Mailing Address Only"

      • Update the address

      • Update the Comments Field to show the ID was mailed and to record the old address with entries such as Orig 02 found & mailed; old address was XXX XXXX XXX (enter the actual old address)

    3. If an address change to RTS is NOT needed:

      • Select Reason for Change "Current Mailing Address Only"

      • Record information in the Comments Field such as Orig 02 found and mailed


    4. Mail the document to the applicant.

    Status is suspended ONLY for missing supporting ID AND loose document satisfies all suspense codes
    1. Complete Clerical Action Sheet to have the case pulled from the Suspense Wall

    2. Process the application with the missing supporting ID and mail the ID to the applicant. See IRM 3.21.263.5.10.8

    Status is suspended for multiple reasons (can include for missing ID)

    Note:

    you do NOT have all information needed to resolve all suspense conditions

    1. Complete Clerical Action Sheet to have the case pulled from the Suspense Wall

    2. Do NOT update the RTS

    3. Attach a note to the suspense file stating that this ID was found as a "loose document"

      Note:

      The employee who works the applicant's response or R 99 case will review the ID and make appropriate RTS entries at that time.

    4. Place the loose ID in a confidential (E-20) envelope and securely attach the envelope to the Form W-7 application

    5. Prepare and attach a Clerical Action Sheet to have the application refiled on the Suspense Wall

    Status is rejected and loose document satisfies ALL reasons for rejection See IRM 3.21.263.5.10.8 and process the ID.

    Note:

    for all other rejected cases, mail the ID back to the applicant.

    Owner of loose document is NOT found in RTS
    1. Open the LODO and search for the document

    2. If the document is found on the LODO, process it according to the instructions in this IRM section.

    3. If the document is NOT found on the LODO, enter the document to the LODO and prepare the confidential (E-20) envelope for storage as directed below.

    Owner of the loose document is NOT found in RTS or LODO AND this is the FIRST search
    1. Write "SEARCH ON" a confidential (E-20) envelope followed by a date that is two weeks from the date you are working the case.

    2. Place this envelope in a designated basket near the Lead's desk for storage until the second search date.

    This is the second search in LODO ("Search On" date on the envelope has elapsed and it is now two weeks after the initial search)
    1. Enter the documents to the LODO.

    2. Use the date the document was entered to LODO as the received date.

    3. Perfect the confidential E-20 storage envelope per the instructions in paragraph (4) above.

    4. File the confidential E-20 envelope in the LODO cabinet in auto number order.

3.21.263.5.3.4.3  (04-03-2014)
Reviewing Exception Documentation

  1. In addition to supporting identification documentation, applicants who are not submitting a tax return with Form W-7 are required to provide documentation to support their claim to meeting established Exception criteria.

  2. The types of Exception documentation varies, however the applicant is required to submit Exception documentation based on the specific Exception Criteria claimed on Form W-7.

  3. The table below lists some of the common Exception Documentation that Tax Examiners may encounter during processing and provides a general description. Refer to IRM 3.21.263.5.3.5.2 for specific requirements on Exception Criteria.

    Exception Document Description Exception No.
    Partnership Agreement

    Note:

    May be included in a Certificate of Accuracy (COA).

    Legal document that identifies the applicant's partnership interest in a company doing business in the U.S. Valid documents must include the applicant's name, partnership's name and EIN. 1a
    Letter from financial institution for business account holder Letter identifies business account holder by name and confirms ownership of interest bearing account subject to information reporting or federal tax withholding for current year. 1b
    Letter from financial institution for individual account holder Letter identifies individual account holder by name and confirms ownership of interest bearing account subject to information reporting or federal tax withholding for current year. 1c
    Letter or document from withholding agent (investment or insurance company, financial institution, rental agent, etc.) Letter identifies owner of asset (pensions, annuities, rental income, royalties, dividends etc.) that generates income subject to information reporting or federal tax withholding for current year.

    Note:

    If the only documentation is a self-generated income statement from a web site (for example, Amazon) filled in by the taxpayer, consider the document invalid. If additional documentation is attached that supports the income (such as a contract or a letter with a postmarked envelope addressed from the withholding agent), consider the documentation valid. See IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.2 "Remarks".

    1d
    Employment contract or letter Contract or letter of employment or request for speaking engagement (honoraria) 2a
    Form 8233 Exemption from withholding on Compensation for Independent (and Certain Dependent) Personal Service of a Non-Resident Alien individual (generally foreign scholars, professors, researchers etc.) 2a
    Central Withholding Agreement (CWA) Typically submitted by P1–P2 visa holders (entertainers and athletes). Document list applicant's name and identifies the withholding agent. 2a
    College contract or award letter Official notification from educational institution awarding the non-compensatory scholarship, fellowship, or grant . 2b or 2c
    Designated School Official (DSO) Letter Notification from authorized party at educational institution that either the applicant will not be securing employment in the U.S. nor receiving income from personal services or applicant is receiving non-compensatory income from scholarships, fellowships, or grants that is subject to IRS information reporting or withholding for the current year. 2b or 2c
    U.S. visa Usually recorded in U.S. passport pages 2b or 2c
    SSA Reject Letter Letter from the SSA that advises the applicant, by name, is not eligible for a SSN. 2a, 2b or , 2c
    Form W-8BEN Beneficial Owner's Certificate of Foreign Status for U.S. Tax Withholding (foreign students, researchers, professors, visitors at casinos) 2b or 2d
    Home Mortgage Loan Document or Loan Commitment Letter Document that identifies the applicant as the borrower on a home mortgage loan or letter of approval for the applicant on a home mortgage loan. 3
    Contract of Sale of Real Property Document must identify the applicant and a U.S. Real Property sale.

    Caution:

    If Exception 3 is not specified or there is no mortgage listed in the contract, treat as Exception 4. Pull from batch for FIRPTA referral.

    3 or 4
    Form 8288 Series "U.S. Withholding Tax Return for Disposition by Foreign persons of U.S. Real Property Interest" ; "Statement of Withholding on Dispositions by Foreign Persons of U.S. Real Property Interest" ; "Application for Withholding Certificate for Dispositions by Foreign Person of U.S. Real Property Interest." 4
    Broker's Listing Agreement Listing agreement or similar document that identifies the applicant as the seller of the real property. 4
    Form 13350 Registration for e-Services. Used by applicants to comply with Treasury Decision 9363 (TD -9363). 5

3.21.263.5.3.4.4  ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Exception:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  5. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  6. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  7. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  8. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  9. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    "≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  10. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Example:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  11. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  12. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡ ≡

  13. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  14. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  15. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      Caution:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡


    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Note:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  16. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  17. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Caution:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  18. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Figure 3.21.263-20

    ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "
    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    4. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡

3.21.263.5.3.4.5  ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    Exception:

    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ "≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ " ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
    1. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    2. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

    3. ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

      • ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

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    Reminder:

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3.21.263.5.3.5  (01-02-2013)
Form W-7 Overview

  1. This subsection provides guidelines for ITIN Operation Tax Examiners when reviewing Form W-7 submitted by applicants.

  2. A taxpayer who needs an ITIN must complete Form W-7 and submit it to the Internal Revenue Service along with a valid U.S. federal tax return (unless Exception criteria is met) and original ID or copies certified by the issuing agency. See IRM 3.21.263.4.6 for exceptions for notarized ID. Supporting identification documentation to substantiate the individual's identity and foreign status must also be attached.

  3. If a required field is missing from the Form W-7 and the information is provided on the supporting identification documentation (e.g., country of birth is on the birth certificate), then edit the required field from the information provided on the supporting identification documentation unless otherwise directed in this manual.

  4. If the Form W-7 includes an attachment that specifically references any of the line information (by number and/or name), treat as a part of the Form W-7.

  5. Treat "n/a, same, el mismo, ninguno" entries as if the line is blank.

  6. Unless specified, editing is not required on Form W-7. Additional edits may be used to clarify differences between Form W-7 information and RTS entries.

  7. Enter the information from Form W-7 on the W-7 Application Input Screen, see IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.

3.21.263.5.3.5.1  (07-17-2014)
For IRS Use Only Box

  1. Tax examiners may receive Form W-7 applications submitted by a TAC or Tax Attaché office with this box already edited. The information is used to process the Form W-7.

    Caution:

    The U.S. Embassy Tax Attaché offices in Beijing, Frankfurt, London, and Paris review original and certified ID in lieu of ITIN Operations. These are identified by the entries in this box and by the received date stamp,

    Example:

    Received 21 Nov 2012 Internal Revenue Service London

    Note:

    If the for IRS Use Only box has not been previously edited the tax examiner should enter the information directly on ITIN RTS. Do not edit the paper application.

  2. First Line: CAAs and TACs enter supporting identification documentation codes. For a list of these codes, see Exhibit 3.21.263-12.

  3. Second Line: Employee number from Other IRS Office Employee Badge. The employee number is the last seven digits of the personal identification number (PID) on the TAC employee's badge.

  4. Third Line: This line is reserved for additional information to assist in identifying items unique to the Form W-7 application for the assignment of the ITIN. The TACs use this line to indicate that a tax return was received with the application and is attached ("TRA 1040" ).

3.21.263.5.3.5.2  (01-01-2015)
Reason for Applying

  1. This area on Form W-7 describes the reason the applicant is submitting the application.

  2. In most circumstances, the applicant will check only one box; if the applicant is claiming treaty benefits, two boxes should be checked.

    Exception:

    When reason for applying "a" is selected and Exception 1 or 2 are selected, then box "h" must be checked.

    When reason for applying "f" is selected and no tax return is attached, then reason for applying box "h" must be checked and Exception 2 must be checked.

    If box "a" or "f" are checked, then box "h" should also be checked. If applicable, the treaty country and treaty article should be present.

    If only box "h" is checked, one of the five (5) exceptions (Exception 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5) must be present.

    Note:

    If two boxes are checked, one of the boxes MUST be box "h" . If two or more boxes "a" through "g" are checked, circle in red the incorrect reason for applying so that the correct reason for applying is apparent on the W-7.

  3. Any individual who is not eligible to obtain a SSN but who must furnish a taxpayer identification number to the IRS must apply and indicate the reason they are applying for the ITIN.

  4. If the reason for applying is to file a U.S. tax return, a valid tax return must be submitted with the application for the ITIN to be issued, unless Exception criteria is met or applicants are secondary filers and/or dependents of taxpayers who previously filed tax returns with unresolved TIN issues.

  5. Accept the Reason for Applying as listed by the applicant on Form W-7.

    Exception:

    If applicant provides a valid return (Form 1040/ Form 1040EZ / Form 1040A / Form 1040NR), failed to check a reason box for applying and review of the application indicates the applicant is applying for specific reason boxes, check the reason for applying box(s) by editing Form W-7 and enter on RTS. When in doubt, see your Lead.

    Caution:

    Reasons for applying should never result in erroneous automatic ITIN assignment.

  6. The table below list the Reasons for Submitting Form W-7 as outlined on the application and identifies requirements.

    Reason Box Description Return Required Requirements
    a Nonresident alien required to obtain ITIN to claim tax treaty benefits
    This is an applicant that has a need for an ITIN other than filing a tax return

    Note:

    If a return was attached, give the case to your lead to re-batch as "with return. " If a return is attached, do NOT process as SEVIS regardless of documentation provided.

    No
    • Used with box "h"

    • Treaty country and article number must be present

    • Exception number 1 or 2

    • Valid exception documentation. See Exception Tables below.

    b Nonresident alien individual who is required to file a U.S. tax return or who is filing a tax return only to claim a refund
    This is a Non-resident alien filing a U.S. tax return.
    Yes
    • Form 1040 series return is submitted.

    • Complete foreign address is required.

    c U.S. resident alien (based on days present in the United States) filing a U.S. tax return
    This is a foreign individual filing a tax return that is living in the U.S.
    Yes
    • Form 1040 series return is submitted

    • Date of entry (DOE) required on Line 6d

    • Applicant's mailing address must be in the U.S.

    d Dependent of U.S. citizen/resident alien
    Dependent listed on a domestic Form 1040 series return
    Yes
    • Form 1040 series return is submitted unless "Military Overseas" is selected

    • Applicant must be listed on tax return as a dependent.

    • Date of entry required on Line 6d (unless resident of Canada or Mexico or "Military Overseas" )

    • Name and TIN (SSN, ITIN) of U.S. person (must be primary or secondary taxpayer) must be entered to right of box "e" and must be valid.

    e Spouse of a U.S. citizen/resident
    This is a spouse listed on a domestic 1040 Series return.
    Yes
    • Generally 1040 series return is submitted unless "Military Overseas"

    • Applicant must be claimed as an exemption on U.S. citizen / resident return or filing a joint return with a spouse who is a U.S. citizen or resident.

    • Applicant not required to live in the U.S. if they elect to report worldwide income.

    • Name and TIN (SSN, ITIN) of U.S. person (primary) must be entered to right of box "e" and must be valid.

    f Non resident alien student, professor or researcher filing a U.S. tax return or claiming an exception
    This is a foreign individual who is a bona fide student, professor or researcher coming temporarily to the U.S. solely to attend classes at a recognized institution of education, teach, or perform research.

    Reminder:

    Dependents can claim Reason for Filing Box "f" if claiming exception 2b SEVP. See IRM 3.21.263.5.3.5.2 under exception 2b SEVP.

    Yes (if filing a tax return)
    No (if filing exception "2" .
    • A tax return is not required if box "h" is checked and applicant claims exception 2 and provides supporting exception documentation.

      Note:

      Applicants do NOT have to claim treaty benefits under exception 2 reasons "f " & "h ".

    • Line 6a country of citizenship required.

    • Line 6c Type of U.S. visa required.

    • Line 6d Date of Entry required.

    • Line 6g College, university or company information required

    • Treaty country and article number required ONLY if the applicant is claiming the benefits of a tax treaty.

    • A U.S. visa is required unless the foreign address, country of birth AND the country of citizenship is Canada or Mexico..

    • A valid passport is required unless the foreign address, country of birth AND the country of citizenship is Canada or Mexico.

    • Either a SSA reject letter, Form 8233 or a letter from the Designated School Official (DSO) stating that applicant will not be employed in U.S. must be attached as supporting documentation.

      Note:

      the letter from the DSO may include SSA denial information. See IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.3"Document Type" .

    g Dependent/spouse of a nonresident alien holding a U.S. visa
    These are the dependents and spouses of individuals filing a Form 1040NR tax return.
    Yes
    • Line 6d DOE is required.

    • Generally, a valid U.S. visa (visa type, visa number, visa expiration date) is required for dependent or spouse. Note the visa information is often contained in the passport.

    • A U.S. visa is required unless the foreign address, country of birth AND the country of citizenship is Canada or Mexico.

    • A valid passport is required unless the foreign address, country of birth AND the country of citizenship is Canada or Mexico..


    h Other/additional information
    If the reason for the ITIN is not described in box "h," determine if exception "1" or "2" applies and check box "a" . If exception 2 criteria is attached, check box "f" if applicable.
    Box "h" can be checked alone with exceptions 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5.
    No
    • Exception criteria is specified here

    • If boxes "a" through "g" are not checked, the reason for applying may be outlined here.

    Note:

    Applicants requesting an EIN (Form SS-4) are not eligible for an ITIN.

  7. There are limited circumstances when the applicants reason for applying for an ITIN does not involve the filing of a tax return. This is known as Exception criteria. If this is the reason for submitting Form W-7, the specific Exception should be identified on Line "h" of Form W-7.

  8. Exception 1, Third Party Withholding on Passive Income: Related Information Statements may include Form 1042-S, Form 1099–INT, Form 1099-MISC, or Form 8805, Schedule K-1.

    Reminder:

    If multiple Forms W-7 are attached and each applicant is claiming an exception, do not input as a family pack.

    Caution:

    Information Statement(s) are generally prepared once a TIN has been supplied. Do not consider for Exception Documentation requirements.

    Note:

    Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, is acceptable documentation for exception 1.

    If... Then submit...
    1(a) Partners (foreign partnership or U.S.) in a partnership that invests in U.S. with assets that generate income subject to federal withholding/reporting requirements or,

    Note:

    If prior year 1065 or K-1 statements are attached to the Form W-7, do not input as exception documentation.

    Copy of the portion of the partnership or LLC agreement displaying EIN of partnership and verifying applicant is a partner in the partnership that is conducting business in the United States.

    Caution:

    CAA submitted applications with partnership information on the COA (including EIN) is acceptable.

    1(b) Individuals who have opened an interest bearing bank deposit account that generates income effectively connected with their U.S. trade or business that is subject to federal information reporting and/or federal tax withholding or, A signed letter from the bank on its official bank letterhead, displaying the applicant's name and stating that they have opened a business account which is subject to IRS information reporting and/or federal tax withholding on the interest generated during the current tax year.
    1(c) Individuals who are "resident aliens" for tax purposes and have opened an interest bearing bank deposit account that generates income subject to IRS information reporting and/or federal tax withholding, or A signed letter from the bank on its official letterhead, displaying the applicant's name and stating that they have opened an individual deposit account which is subject to IRS information reporting and/or federal tax withholding on the interest generated during the current tax year.
    1(d) Individuals who are receiving distributions during the current tax year of income such as pensions, annuities, rental income, royalties, dividends, etc. that are subject to withholding/reporting requirements. Document or signed letter from the withholding agent that is on official letterhead, shows the individuals name, and requirement for ITIN in order to make distributions during the current tax year which are subject to federal tax withholding and/or reporting requirements.

    Exception:

    Documents for rental income do not have to specifically state "subject to federal withholding" .

    Exception:

    No statement that the pension/annuities is subject to withholding is required if the letter/document from the withholding agent states that the applicant must obtain an ITIN to avoid duplication of distribution, for example, documents from the Department of Defense, Finance, and Accounting Services.

  9. Exception 2, Wages, Salary, Compensation, Honoraria payments; Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants; Gambling Winnings: related statements may include Form 1042-S. See the table below.

    Caution:

    Information Statement(s) are generally prepared once a TIN has been supplied. Do not consider for exception documentation requirements.

    If... And... Then submit...
    2(a) Wages, Salary, Compensation and Honoraria Payments Claiming tax treaty benefits and:
    • are either exempt or subject to reduced rate of withholding of tax on their wages, salary, compensation, and honoraria payments AND

    • submitting Form 8233 to payer of income

    • A letter of employment from the payer of income or

    • A copy of employment contract or

    • A letter requesting applicant's presence for a speaking engagement, etc.

      Note:

      Request can be future dates within the current year.

    With each submission, the taxpayer MUST also submit the following:
    • Information on Form W-7 / Form W-7SP that supports claiming a tax treaty benefit (require treaty country and article number), and

    • Copy of completed withholding agent's portion of Form 8233 and

    • SSA denial letter (not required if present in U.S. and receiving Honoraria Payments. A letter from the Authorized School Official is acceptable).

      Reminder:

      If SSA denial is included in the letter, enter the letter under both "Letter from Education Institute" and "SSA Reject Letter" .


      Exception:

      If an applicant is not present in the U.S., then the SSA denial letter is not required.

    2(b) Scholarships, Fellowships and Grants from Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) approved colleges/universities/institutions

    Caution:

    These procedures apply only to Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) approved institutions for non-resident alien students, exchange visitors, spouses, and their dependents classified under section 101(a)(15)(F), (M) or (J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act {8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F), (M) or (J)} A certification letter is required for each Form W-7 application: primary, associated secondary (spouse) and dependent(s).


    Reminder:

    Applications received with tax returns and SEVIS documents do NOT meet SEVIS criteria for exception filing. These applications must be processed as a Form W-7 with return. See IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.1

    Claiming tax treaty benefits, exempt or subject to reduced rate of tax Certification letter for supporting identification documents. The certification letter must:
    • Be on original, official college, university or institution letterhead with a verifiable address

    • Provide applicant's full name and Student Exchange Visitor's Information System (SEVIS) number

    • Certify the applicant's registration in the SEVIS

    • Certify that the student presented an unexpired passport, visa or other identification documents for review

    • List the identification documents provided to verify identity and foreign status

    • Be signed and dated by a SEVIS official, Principal Designated School Official (PDSO), Designated School Official (DSO), Responsible Officer (RO) or Alternate Responsible Officer (ARO) of a certified school exchange program with a verifiable contact telephone number

    • Attach copies of documents used to verify the applicant's identity and foreign status from the approved list of documents as presented in the Form W-7 instructions (passport must include copy of valid visa issued by U.S. Department of State)

    • Attach a copy of DS-2019, Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor Status (J-1 status) and/or copy of the I-20, Certificate of Eligibility for Non-Immigrant Student Status

    • Form W-7 must include the treaty country and article number that supports claiming a tax treaty benefit

      Note:

      Reason for applying "a " and "h" MUST have a treaty country and article number. Reason for applying "a" and "f" CAN have a tax treaty and article but these applicants do NOT have to claim treaty benefits.

    • Include a letter from DSO or RO stating that the applicant will not be securing employment in the U.S. or receiving any type of income from personal services

    Caution:

    Students on F-1, J-1 or M-1 visa will not have to apply for a SSN. They are permitted to provide a letter from their DSO or RO stating that they will not be securing employment in the U.S.

    Note:

    See Exhibit 3.21.263-44 for an example of a SEVP certification letter from a SEVP institution. This letter may include statements from the DSO/RO stating applicant will not be securing employment in the U.S.

    Reminder:

    If the SSA denial letter is included in this letter, enter this letter under both "Letter from Education Institute" and "SSA Reject Letter" .

    2(b) cont. Scholarships, Fellowships and Grants from Non-SEVP colleges/universities/institutions Claiming tax treaty benefits, exempt or subject to reduced rate of tax, and submitting Form W-8 BEN to the withholding agent, Letter/official notification from the educational institution awarding the non-compensatory scholarship, fellowship, grant, or Copy of the contract with the college, university or educational institution along with:
    • Copy of passport showing a valid visa issued by U.S. Department of State, and

    • Treaty country and article number on Form W-7 that supports claiming a tax treaty benefit, and

    • Copy of W-8 BEN submitted to the withholding agent, and

    • SSA denial letter

    Note:

    Students on a F-1, J-1, or M-1 visa will not have to apply for a SSN. They are permitted to provide a letter form their DSO or RO stating that they will not be securing employment in the U.S. or receiving any type of income from personal services.

    Reminder:

    If SSA denial is included in the letter, enter the letter under both "Letter from Education Institute" and "SSA Reject Letter" .

    2(c) Scholarships, Fellowships and Grants from non-SEVP colleges/universities/institutions Individuals (that is, foreign students, scholars, professors, researchers, or any other individual) that are subject to IRS information reporting and/or withholding requirements during the current year and not claiming benefits of a tax treaty Letter/official notification from the educational institution awarding the non-compensatory scholarship, fellowship, grant, or copy of the contract with the college, university or educational institution along with:
    • Copy of passport showing a valid visa issued by U.S. Department of State, and

    • Letter from the DSO or RO stating that this income is non-compensatory and subject to IRS information reporting/withholding requirements, and

    • SSA Denial Letter.

    Note:

    Students on a F-1, J-1, or M-1 visa will not have to apply for an SSN. They will be permitted to provide a letter from their DSO or RO stating that they will not be securing employment in the U.S. or receiving any type of income from personal services.

    Reminder:

    If SSA denial is included in the letter, enter the letter under both "Letter from Education Institute" and "SSA Reject Letter" .

    2(c) Scholarships, Fellowships and Grants from SEVP approved colleges/universities/institutions

    Caution:

    These procedures apply only to Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) approved institutions for non-resident alien students and exchange visitors and their dependents classified under section 101(a)(15)(F), (M) or (J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act {8 U.S.C.1101(a)(15)(F),(M), or (J)}. A certification letter is required for each Form W-7 application: primary, associated secondary (spouse) and dependent(s).


    Note:

    SEVP approved institutions are listed on the Department of Homeland Security web site.


    Reminder:

    Applications received with tax returns and SEVIS documents do NOT meet SEVIS criteria for exception filing. These applications must be processed as a Form W-7 with return. See IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2.1.

    Individuals (that is, foreign students, scholars, professors, researchers, or any other individual) that are subject to IRS information reporting and/or withholding requirements during the current year and not claiming benefits of a tax treaty, Certification letter for supporting identification documents. The certification letter must:
    • Be on original, official college, university or institution letterhead with verifiable address

    • Provide applicant’s full name and SEVIS number •

    • Certify the applicant’s registration in the Student Visitor’s Information System (SEVIS)

    • Certify the authenticity of the passport, visa, or other identification document reviewed

    • List the identification documents provided to verify identity and foreign status

    • Be signed and dated by a SEVIS official: Principal Designated School Official (PDSO), Designated School Official (DSO), Responsible Officer (RO) or Alternate Responsible Officer (ARO) of a certified school exchange program with a verifiable contact telephone number

    • Attach copies of documents used to verify identity and foreign status from the approved list of documents as listed in Form W-7 instructions (passport must include copy of valid visa issued by U.S. Department of State)

    • Attach a copy of DS-2019, Certificate of eligibility Visitor Status (J-1 status) and/or copy of the I-20, Certificate of Eligibility for Non-immigrant Student Status

    • Include letter from DSO or RO stating that they will not be securing employment in the U.S. or receiving any type of income from personal services

      Note:

      Students on F-1, J-1, or M-1 visa will not have to apply for a SSN. They are permitted to provide a letter from their DSO or RO stating that they will not be securing employment in the U.S. or receiving any type of income from personal services.

      Reminder:

      See Exhibit 3.21.263-44 for an example of a SEVP certification letter from a SEVP institution.

    2(d) Gambling Income/Winnings Non-resident alien visiting the United States who:
    • Has gambling winnings,

    • Is claiming the benefits of a tax treaty for an exempt or reduced rate of federal tax withholding on that income, and

    • Will be utilizing the services of a gaming official as an IRS ITIN Acceptance Agent,

    Form W-7 through the services of an appropriate gaming official serving as an IRS ITIN Acceptance Agent.

    Note:

    If applicant does not secure the services of a gaming official, they may still file Form 1040NR at the end of the tax year with a Form W-7 and copy of Form 1042-S displaying the amount of tax withheld. The Form 1040NR return should also display the tax treaty article number and country under which they are claiming the treaty benefits.

    Exception:

    If Form W-7 is
    -From the applicant, and
    - No tax return is attached, and
    - Reason for applying is "a" and "h", then
    edit reason for applying from "a" and "h" to "b" only for R17 to generate.

  10. Exception 3, Third Party Mortgage Interest: related information statements may include Form 1098.

    Caution:

    Information Statement(s) are generally prepared once a TIN has been supplied. Do not consider for exception documentation requirements.

    If... Then submit...
    Individuals with a home mortgage loan on real property located in the U.S.,
    • loan commitment letter OR

    • similar documentation as evidence of a home mortgage loan on U.S. real property OR

    • HUD-A Settlement Statement identifying mortgage agreement, OR

    • copy of contract of sale indicating mortgage used for purchase of a home.

    Caution:

    If applicant has NOT specified Exception 3 and a HUD -1 Settlement Statement and/or sales contract is attached treat as Exception 4.

    Caution:

    If applicant HAS specified Exception 3, but Exception 4 documents are attached (other than HUD-1 Settlement Statement or contract of sale), treat as Exception 4.

  11. Exception 4, FIRPTA: related information statements may include Form 8288 series.

    Caution:

    Information statements (Form 8288 series) MAY be considered as exception documentation.

    If... Then submit...
    An individual who is a party to the disposition of a U.S. Real Property interest by a foreign person (buyer or other . transferee such as a withholding agent), Either:
    • Completed Form 8288, Form 8288-A, and/or Form 8288-B, OR

    • Copy of real estate sales contract, OR

    • Copy of property deed or other documentation as evidence of sale or purchase of property.

    Note:

    Other indications of a FIRPTA application also include an attached Letter 3793 or 3794; Broker's Listing Agreement; HUD-1 Settlement Statement (if Exception 3 is not specified); the term "disposition" written on the "Other" Line of Form W-7 next to box "h" .

    Reminder:

    If not assigned to the designated FIRPTA Unit, pull for your lead.

  12. Exception 5, Treasury Decision (T.D.) Form 9363: see the table below.

    If... Then submit...
    A non -U.S. representative of a foreign corporation needs to obtain an ITIN for the purpose of meeting their E-filing requirement,
    • Form W-7 with "Exception 5, T.D. 9363" on line "h"

      Caution:

      If Applicant only specifies exception number or "TD 9363" or Form 1120-F or any similar statement on line "h," process as Exception 5 criteria.

    • Form 13350 and Employer Corporate Letter as exception documentation.

      Note:

      Supporting identification documentation requirements for Form W-7 must also be met.

    • Applicants foreign address must be present on Form W-7.

    • Record the assigned ITIN on Line 3 of Form 13350.

3.21.263.5.3.5.3  (07-10-2014)
Line 1a, Name

  1. At a minimum, the last name must be present.

  2. Naming customs differ from country to country, and culture to culture. Refer to Document 7071, Name Control Job Aid for Individual Master File (IMF) Taxpayers for guidance in determining first name and surname.

  3. In some circumstances, the applicant uses a different naming custom on their Form W-7 than they did on their tax return. If you have a complete name (first and last) on the tax return, always use the return as the governing authority for all applicants (primary, secondary/spouse, and dependents)

    Note:

    If the name information is incomplete on the tax return but documentation is available to correct the name, correct the name.

    . To ensure correct pipeline processing and prevent name control (first four letters of last name) mismatches when the tax return is processed;

    1. Compare the name to the attached tax returns and documentation. Verify that the name is spelled correctly and correct any typographical error on Form W-7 by editing if the majority of the documents agree.

    2. Ensure that the name is legible and is listed in First, Middle and Last Name order.

  4. Refer to the examples listed below:

    Example:

    Form W-7 "Harold Svenson Lundquist" ; Form 1040 - "Harold Svenson L" . Use "Lundquist" as the last name.

    Example:

    Form W-7 -"Maria Vallejo Amarillo Reno" ; Form 1040 - "Maria V Amarillo" . Use "Amarillo Reno" as the Last Name field.

    Example:

    Form W-7 -"Maria Vallejo Amarillo Reno" ; Form 1040 - "Maria V Reno" . Use "Maria" (First Name), "Vallejo Amarillo " (Middle Name) and "Reno" as the Last Name.

    Example:

    Form W-7 -"Maria Vallejo Amarillo" ; Form 1040 - "Maria V Reno" . Use "Vallejo Amarillo" (Middle Name) and "Reno" as the Last Name if the majority of the supporting documents list a combination of both names ("Amarillo Reno" or "Reno Amarillo" ). Otherwise use the name as listed on Form W-7.

3.21.263.5.3.5.4  (07-10-2014)
Line 1b, Name at Birth

  1. Compare to Line 1a to determine if different. Do not consider blank spaces, or hyphens, in a name as a substantial difference. The birth certificate is the authority for this line when present. Use the table below to determine appropriate action.

    If ... Then ...
    A birth certificate is present and Line 1b is blank, Edit name on line 1b from the birth certificate.
    A birth certificate is present and the name on Line 1b differs from Line 1a, Edit name on line 1b from the birth certificate.
    A birth certificate is NOT present and Line 1b is blank, Make no edits. No RTS entry will be made.
    If a birth certificate is NOT present and Line 1b has a name, Edit that name.
  2. Verify that the name is spelled correctly, is legible and listed in order of:

    • First name

    • Middle name

    • Last name

3.21.263.5.3.5.5  (09-03-2013)
Line 2, Applicant's Mailing Address

  1. When present, this is the address the IRS will use to return original supporting identification documentation and send correspondence to the applicant. The complete mailing address should be present if it is different from the Foreign Address, Line 3.

  2. This address may be a street address or U.S. Postal box number.

    Caution:

    Private box numbers are not considered valid for mailing addresses (e.g., mailboxes, postal annex and post net etc.).

  3. Typographical errors in an address on Form W-7 may be corrected if the information in the application packet will support the change. These corrections are not required. For example, Form W-7 shows 123 FORREST ST. The tax return shows 123 FOREST ST. Either:

    • Edit Form W-7 from FORREST to FOREST and enter FOREST to RTS, or

    • Do not edit Form W-7 and enter FORREST to RTS.

  4. If a city, state, or zip code is incomplete or missing from a U.S. address on Form W-7, compare to other address information in the application packet and edit the Form W-7 if the street addresses match.

  5. If a U.S. street address on Form W-7 matches the street address on the tax return but additional address information is present on the tax return that is not found on the Form W-7, edit the additional information on Form W-7. Perfect the Form W-7 address to match that on the tax return. For example:

    • If Form W-7 has "123 Main St." but the tax return has "123 Main St Lot 7" , edit "Lot 7" on Form W-7.

    • If Form W-7 has "729 Bobcat Dr" but the tax return has "729 Bobcat Dr 19" , edit "19" .

  6. If a U.S. address includes a county or parish, the county or parish may be edited out.

3.21.263.5.3.5.6  (07-10-2014)
Line 3, Foreign Address

  1. At a minimum, a foreign country must be present.

    Exception:

    If Form W-7 Application has reason box "b" , then the complete foreign address must be present.

  2. This is the complete address in the country where the applicant permanently or normally resides.

  3. If claiming a treaty benefit under an income tax treaty with the United States, the address entered must be an address of the treaty country.

  4. Address cannot be a P.O. Box or "in-care-of" (c/o) to assign an ITIN.

    Exception:

    Some middle eastern countries only have box numbers for addresses.

  5. If this line is blank, the country where the applicant last resided is required. Review Form W-7 and attached documentation to determine the last country of residence. If no other source is available, edit to Form W-7 the country listed in these lines in this priority:

    • Line 6a, Country of Citizenship (COC) if available. If not,

    • Line 4, Country of Birth (COB)

3.21.263.5.3.5.7  (07-10-2014)
Line 4, Birth Information

  1. The applicant is required to enter the Date of Birth (DOB), Country of Birth (COB), and city and state or province (optional) on Form W-7.

    Note:

    Edit "GM" for Germany and "RS" for Russia if the specific country part is not otherwise specified.

  2. Edit the DOB , COB or city and state or province on Form W-7 as follows:

    If ... Then ...
    The DOB , COB or city and state or province is missing or there is a difference between the information on the application and the attached birth certificate, Edit the DOB , COB or city and state or province that is reflected on the birth certificate.
    A birth certificate is not present, but two other acceptable documents (one if a passport) contain the same birth date and that date differs from Form W-7,

    Note:

    If one of those documents birth date matches the entry on Form W-7, accept the entry on Form W-7 as valid .

    Edit the birth date from those documents.
    A birth certificate is not present and two other acceptable documents (one if a passport) contain different birth dates and neither matches the Form W-7 entry, Leave blank. This will result in a suspense (S 06) condition for the application.
    The DOB for any field (MM, DD or YYYY) contains all zeros. Leave the entire entry blank when entering to RTS for S 06 to generate.
  3. Verify that the DOB format is in U.S. format (MM/DD/YYYY). If found to be in a format other than U.S., then perfect.

    Example:

    April 26, 1954 = 04261954

    Example:

    British format = DD/MM/YYYY April 26,1954 = 26041954

    Note:

    If any of the fields are all zeros, leave the entry blank for S 06 to generate

  4. If a Date of Death (DOD) is noted , refer to IRM 3.21.263.5.9.2.

3.21.263.5.3.5.8  (01-01-2011)
Line 5, Gender

  1. This entry identifies the gender of the applicant. Refer to the table below for guidance on the gender.

    If... Then...
    No box is checked, Review supporting identification documentation to determine gender. Edit as appropriate and enter on RTS.
    Both boxes are checked, Review supporting identification documentation to determine gender. Edit as appropriate and enter on RTS.
    Unable to determine gender, Take no action.
    One box is checked and the entry does not match the information on one or more supporting documents, Leave blank.

    Caution:

    Do not base this change solely on a picture. The gender must be noted on the document.

3.21.263.5.3.5.9  (01-01-2011)
Line 6, Other Information

  1. The "Other Information" area of the Form W-7 captures information pertaining to the applicant and their additional supporting identification documentation and exception documentation, if applicable.

3.21.263.5.3.5.10  (01-01-2011)
Line 6a, Country(ies) of Citizenship

  1. The applicant is required to enter this line on Form W-7. If the applicant entry on Form W-7 can be easily translated (e.g., Mexican to Mexico), then accept. However, do not accept a state/province as a valid country of citizenship. If the applicant leaves this line blank, and a passport is present, edit Form W-7 with the Country of Citizenship (COC) from the passport, otherwise leave blank. If the information on Form W-7 differs from the Country of Citizenship (COC) listed on the passport, edit the COC information from the passport on Form W-7.

  2. Up to two (2) countries (i.e., dual citizenship) may be entered.

3.21.263.5.3.5.11  (01-01-2011)
Line 6b, Foreign Tax Identification Number

  1. This entry identifies the applicants foreign identification number.

    Example:

    Canadian citizens are issued a Canadian social and insurance number that can be used in this field.

    Example:

    German citizens are issued German identification numbers that can be used in this field.

3.21.263.5.3.5.12  (08-07-2013)
Line 6c, Type of U.S. Visa

  1. When the reason for applying box "f" or "g" is checked, a valid Passport, U.S. State Department visa and line 6c is required of the applicant.

  2. If "DS" is noted as the visa expiration date on Form W-7, consider the visa expiration date as 1 year from the received date of Form W-7 or subsequent correspondence.

    Reminder:

    DS is also listed on the I-20 and I-94.

  3. Refer to Exhibit 3.21.263-4 for a complete list of visas that authorize employment.

3.21.263.5.3.5.13  (01-01-2015)
Line 6d, Identification Documents Submitted, and Date of Entry (DOE)

  1. This information describes documentation used to support the applicant's identity. It may have already been considered by the Tax Examiner in the earlier review of the supporting identification documentation.

  2. Tax Examiners must ensure that the Date of Entry, which is also included on Line 6d, is not omitted. If incomplete on Form W-7 but a year and month is present, edit as the last day of that month.

    Note:

    If the DOE is missing or incomplete but a copy of the Form I-94 is attached with the entrance date stamp showing when they entered the U.S., edit that date as the DOE.

  3. Applicants must provide a date of entry if they are selecting W-7 reason box "c" , "d" , "e" , "f" , or "g" .

    Exception:

    A date of entry is not required if W-7 reason box "d" is checked and applicant is a resident of Canada or Mexico or Military Overseas.

  4. Foreign Adoptions - Applications marked Military Overseas to the right of Reason box "h" with attached documentation supporting adoption of a foreign child will be considered valid for the Date of Entry (DOE) requirements.

  5. Form W-7 Applications for a foreign child that is adopted (or pending adoption) by U.S. Citizens that live overseas (other than the military) will be considered valid as long as a tax return is attached and other Form W-7 requirements are met. A date of entry is not required.

3.21.263.5.3.5.14  (01-01-2011)
Line 6e and 6f, Previous Temporary Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) or Employer Identification Number (EIN)

  1. This section is used to indicate a previously assigned TIN or EIN.

3.21.263.5.3.5.15  (01-01-2011)
Line 6g, Name of College/University or Company

  1. This information should be completed on Form W-7 if the applicant's visa indicates student, researcher, or business visitor and reason box "f" is selected. Refer to Exhibit 3.21.263-4 for visas meeting this criteria.

3.21.263.5.3.5.16  (08-28-2014)
Signature

  1. The application must be signed. Printed signatures are acceptable.

    Note:

    Faxed, photocopied, stamped, and electronic signatures are NOT acceptable.

    Exception:

    Faxed signatures are acceptable ONLY for Forms W-7 faxed from gaming officials. See IRM 3.21.263.5.9.4 .

  2. If an applicant cannot sign their name, then they must:

    • Sign their mark (for example, thumbprint, "X" , etc.) in the presence of a witness.

    • Have the witness sign and identify themselves as a witness

  3. If an applicant is under 18 years of age:

    1. Applicant, their parent or court appointed guardian can sign.

    2. If other than applicant signs:
      - Signing party must type or print their name in the space provided, and
      - Check the appropriate relationship to applicant box

    3. If court appointed guardian signs:
      - Court appointment papers showing the legal guardianship must be attached

    4. If adult other than parent or court appointed guardian signs:
      - Form 2848 from parent or court appointed guardian that authorizes the individual to sign is required

    .

  4. If an applicant is 18 years of age or older:

    1. Applicant can sign or appoint their parent, court-appointed guardian or other individual to sign

    2. If other than applicant signs:
      - Signing party must type or print their name in the space provided, and
      - Check the appropriate box that indicates their relationship to the applicant, and
      - Attach Form 2848

    Caution:

    A spouse may not sign for their husband and/or wife unless the POA box is checked and Form 2848 is attached.

3.21.263.5.3.5.17  (01-01-2015)
Form 2848, Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative (POA) or Form 8821, Tax Information Authorization

  1. The purpose of Form 2848 is to authorize an individual to represent the applicant before the IRS.

  2. Form 2848 may be submitted with the original Form W-7 or after the initial Form W-7 is processed. If received after the original Form W-7 was processed:

    • If a valid POA, enter the POA name and "valid POA" in the Remarks Screen.

    • If an invalid POA, enter the name and why the POA is invalid in the Remarks Screen.

      Caution:

      If Form 2848 submitted is a revision dated prior to October 2011, it is invalid.

  3. Form 2848 may be submitted for multiple tax matters and tax years (e.g., Form W-7, income tax, Form 1040, 2000-2004, etc.). See Exhibit 3.21.263-13 for an example of Form 2848 with the required entries (elements) described in paragraph (5) below.

  4. Form 8821, Tax Information Authorization, is used to designate an individual to receive the taxpayer's confidential information but does not allow the designee to represent the applicant before the IRS.

  5. Every Form 2848 and Form 8821 must contain, at a minimum, the following five elements in the table below:

    Required Elements Applies to Form Criteria
    Taxpayer Identification 2848, Line 1 and 8821, Line 1 1. Any two of the following is required to be loaded to CAF:
    • Name

    • Address

    • Tax identification number

    Note:

    the presence of two of the three identifiers is sufficient as research can be done to locate the third identifier.

    Caution:

    if more than one name is on Form 2848 Line 1, the Form 2848 is invalid.

    Representative or Appointee Identification 2848, Line 2 and 8821, Line 2
    1. Name and address is required

    2. A CAF number is not required.

    Caution:

    only individuals can be named as representatives.

    Specific Tax Matter(s) 2848, Line 3 and 8821, Line 3
    1. Type of tax or tax form is required to be loaded to the Centralized Authorization File (CAF).

    2. Specific (or inclusive) periods are required to be loaded to the CAF.

      Note:

      "ITIN ," "W-7" , or other notations designating ITIN issues should be listed on Line 4 since ITIN information is not loaded to the CAF. Accept "ITIN" , etc., designation as the specific tax matter if listed on Line 3, Line 4, or Line 5 of Form 2848.

    Taxpayer Dated Signature 2848, Line 7
    1. A dated signature is required.

    2. These signature types are acceptable:

      • A thumbprint or X with a witness signature

      • A hand printed (not typed) signature

    3. These signature types are not acceptable:

      • Electronically signed

      • Electronically printed or typed

      • Stamped signature

      Caution:

      Individuals filing a joint return must each submit a separate Form 2848 authorizing a representative for both to be listed on the CAF. If only one spouse, however, chooses to file Form 2848 for a joint return, that is a valid Form 2848. If more than one signature is on the signature line, the Form 2848 is not valid.

      Reminder:

      A parent may sign for their minor child.

    4. When the taxpayer signs and dates the Form 2848 before the representative(s), the signature dates of the taxpayer and representative(s) must be within 45 days (60 days for taxpayers and representatives residing abroad).

    Exception:

    If the taxpayer's dated signature is more current than the representative's signature, the 45 and 60 day rule doesn't apply.

    Taxpayer Dated Signature 8821, Line 7
    1. Dated signature is required.

    2. On a joint return, either spouse may sign the authorization.

    3. Form 8821 must be received by the IRS within 120 days from the date it was signed and dated by the taxpayer.

    Representative Designation, Signature, and Date 2848, Part II

    Reminder:

    this element is not on Form 8821.

    1. The representative's designation, jurisdiction, license, certification, registration or enrollment number, signature and date are required. The name entered as representative must match the name in the representative's signature line to be a valid Form 2848.

    2. Only one signature date is required for multiple representatives listed on the same Form 2848. All representatives, however, must sign the Form 2848.

      Note:

      An electronically signed, printed, or stamped signature is NOT acceptable

      .

    3. An individual can represent members of his/her immediate family which includes but is not limited to the following family members (F designation):

      • Spouse (husband or wife)

      • Parent (mother, father, grandparent, step-parent)

      • Child (son, daughter, grandchild, stepchild)

      • Sibling (brother, sister, step-brother/sister)

    Caution:

    Family members such as uncles, aunts, nieces, nephews, cousins, are generally not considered immediate family members. If the uncle (or aunt, etc.) is a court-appointed guardian of the niece/nephew, they are considered family members. If the uncle (or aunt, etc.) submits a Form 2848, he/she must also have court-appointed guardianship papers to represent the niece/nephew. A Form 2848 by itself that designates an uncle to represent a niece/nephew is not sufficient.

  6. For Form 2848 only, the representative is required and must enter the following in the Form 2848 Part II designation area at the bottom of the page:

    • Licensing jurisdiction (state) or other licensing authority , and

    • Bar, license, certification, registration, or enrollment number

    in the columns depending on the designation level as shown below:

    Representative Designation Title Requirement
    a and b Attorney and Certified Public Accountant (CPA or LPA) Two letter state abbreviation for the state for which they are admitted to practice (for example, "NY" for New York) and associated bar, certification or license number, if any.
    c Enrolled Agent Enrollment number issued by the IRS
    d

    Caution:

    Not a valid selection for W-7 as ITINs are for individuals only

    Officer Title of the officer, for example, President, Vice-president, Secretary, Treasurer, etc.
    e Full-time Employee Title or position, for example, Comptroller, Accountant, Bookkeeper, etc.
    f Family Member Relationship to the taxpayer, for example, spouse (husband or wife), parent (mother, father, step-mother/father), child (son, daughter, grandchild, step-child), or sibling (brother, sister, step-brother/sister).

    Reminder:

    See preceding instructions for Representative Identification.

    g Enrolled Actuary Enrollment card number issued by Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries
    h Unenrolled Return Preparer PTIN
    I Registered Tax Return Preparer PTIN
    k Student Attorney or CPA "LITC" or "STCP" and a copy of Special Appearance Authorization letter from OPR
    r Enrolled Retirement Plan Agent Enrollment card number issued by IRS
  7. If any of the required items are incomplete/incorrect, the Form 2848 is invalid. Select "no" to the RTS query "Valid Legal Document supporting Court Appointed Guardian or Power of Attorney received?"

    Example:

    The applicant and the representative data are transposed on Lines 1 and 2. On the RTS, in the field "Valid Legal Document supporting Court-Appointed Guardian or Power of Attorney (POA) received?" , choose "no" as the radio button selection.

    Note:

    Representatives with foreign addresses must complete 3 sections of the Declaration of Representative at the bottom of Form 2848 Part II:
    - designation
    - signature
    - date
    but may leave the Licensing jurisdiction (state) or other licensing authority columns blank. If a representative with a foreign address does not enter an appropriate designation, but claims to be authorized to represent the taxpayer under section 10.7(c)(1)(vii) of Circular 230, the Form 2848 is invalid because the submission of Form W-7 occurs in the U.S.

  8. Representatives are allowed to prepare Form 2848 to clarify a general power of attorney. If Form 2848 is signed by the representative on Line 7 and a general power of attorney signed by the taxpayer (applicant) is attached, accept the signature on Form W-7 as valid.

  9. Representatives may be authorized to re-delegate authority to another representative to act on behalf of the taxpayer (applicant) based on the original general power of attorney signed by the applicant. If an attached general power of attorney is received from a representative with two Form 2848, verify that the attached general power of attorney gives the first representative this authority. If so, accept the signature of the second representative as valid.

  10. If a substitute POA is used in lieu of Form 2848, it must contain all of the elements of Form 2848, including the taxpayer and POA signature in order to be valid. Foreign language POAs require these same elements plus the following additional items to be valid:

    • Certified English translation by a third party (other than applicant or POA) that contains all elements of Form 2848

    • Person providing the translation signs a certificate attesting to the authenticity and accuracy of the translation

    • dated signature and mailing address of representative (Form W-7 only)

    • Form 2848 Jurat worded exactly as shown on Form 2848 Part II, Declaration of Representative

    • All publication 1167 requirements including printed "Form 2848" in the upper left margin

    • "Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative" in the top margin of the page

    • "OMB No. 1545–0150" in the upper right margin

  11. The Form 8821 is for Tax Information Authorization only. Enter "Form 8821" and the name of the appointee (person authorized to receive the information) in the Remarks field on RTS.

  12. If a substitute Tax Information Authorization is used in lieu of Form 8821, it must contain all of the same elements in order to be valid. A substitute TIA must follow Publication 1167 requirements including printing "Form 8821" in the upper left margin, centering "Tax Information Authorization" in the top margin of the page and printing "OMB No 1545–1165" in the upper right margin. Foreign language Tax Information Authorizations require these same elements plus a certified English translation by a third party other than the applicant or designee.

  13. Document invalid Form(s) 8821 and the name of the appointee in the Remarks field ( make entries such as invalid 8821 for John Taxpayer).

3.21.263.5.3.5.18  (01-23-2012)
Application Date

  1. The application date is an indication of when the application was signed. If the application date is missing on Form W-7 refer to (2) below for additional guidance.

  2. If the application date is missing on Form W-7 refer to the following:

    • If there is no date, then use the earliest IRS received date.

    • If no received date is present, use the postmark date on the attached envelope.

    • If no postmark date is present, use today's date minus 10 days.

3.21.263.5.3.5.19  (01-01-2011)
Telephone Number

  1. This information is provided by the applicant as a part of completing Form W-7.

3.21.263.5.3.5.20  (03-21-2011)
Acceptance Agent's Use Only Area

  1. This information is required on the application if prepared by an Acceptance Agent. If this information is missing on Form W-7 check the Certificate of Accuracy (COA) for the complete information.

  2. Any CAA employee using the same EIN of the CAA may sign the W-7 in the space designated Acceptance Agent's Use Only.

    Caution:

    Although these individuals may sign Form W-7, only the responsible party (authorized representative) may sign any attached Certificate of Accuracy. The COA must stay attached to the application. Do not detach.

3.21.263.5.4  (01-01-2011)
After Initial Input of Application Data

  1. Refer to IRM 3.21.263.8.3.1 and IRM 3.21.263.8.3.2 for information on RTS entry of Form W-7.

  2. Once all data has been input on RTS, the TE will click the submit button. Once the submit button is clicked the system will immediately perform all business rule, consistency and validity checks.

  3. The RTS will display one of the following screens below:

    • Temporary W-7 Status

    • W-7 Potential Duplicate

    • Names Research

3.21.263.5.4.1  (01-01-2015)
Temporary W-7 Status and Final W-7 Status Screen

  1. The RTS will systemically assign the application a status, IRM 3.21.263.4.7.

  2. Review the Temporary W-7 Status screen to ensure that the application was input correctly and the assigned status is correct. For example, if R 08 generates, compare the name and TIN entered into RTS with the Form W-7 and return information. If you find that the assigned status is incorrect based on the information in hand navigate your way back to the field in question and correct accordingly. In some cases, Lead referrals may be necessary for override action.

    Caution:

    Before overriding any RTS status, ensure all required Form W-7 data is correctly entered to RTS (especially the DOB) so that the IDRS entity correctly posts.

    Refer to the table below for a list of specific referral conditions.

    If Status is ... Then ...
    Reject ( R 03 or R 05) condition and AA History field shows "Approved/Active" , Pull and refer to lead for elevation to IPS.
    Reject (R 07) condition and applicant is applying under Exception 2b or 2c and has submitted a SSA denial letter (or the equivalent letter from a designated school official or responsible officer) Refer to lead for override action.
    Reject (R 13) or Suspense (S 02) condition if documentation was not expired as of the Submission Date, but expired prior to input, Refer to lead for override action.
    Suspense (S 01) condition due to expired foreign driver's license instead of Reject (R 13) condition, Refer to lead for override action.
    Suspense (S 19) condition and W-7 Application is for a foreign child that is pending adoption by U.S. Citizens that live overseas (other than the Military), meet W-7 requirements (including tax return attached ) but date of entry is not available, Refer to lead for override action.
    Suspense (S 25) condition where you have a Family Pack that includes all dependent applications with reason box "g" and Form 1040NR. Refer to lead for override action.
    Reject (R 18 ) condition and reason "f" is selected, a valid U.S. visa (F1, F3, J1, M1, M3 or O1) is not available and the applicant is from Canada or Mexico. ,. If the visa information is the only entry preventing assignment of the ITIN for these applicants, Refer to lead for override action.
  3. Once the Submit Button is clicked again, a new Temporary W-7 Status screen will display if the information was properly entered.

  4. If you are satisfied that the assigned status is correct, then click the Assign Final Status Button. Before proceeding to the next application, document Form W-7 and the tax return as well as any attached , check copy, CP Notice or Form 2848.

    Caution:

    When family packs submit multiple returns and one has an imminent assessment statute expiration date (ASED) or refund statute expiration date (RSED), refer those returns with both the primary and secondary (if applicable) ITINs assigned to Statute. See IRM 3.21.263.5.2.3.10 to determine imminent ASED and RSED. If either the primary or secondary (if applicable) ITIN is rejected, refer to Entity. Keep remaining returns and suspended dependent Form W-7s on the Suspense Wall for processing.

  5. Process Form W-7 as follows:

    1. Edit the DLN in the upper right corner of the Form W-7 application.

    2. Write any assigned ITIN above the title.

    3. If the application rejects, the applicant must reapply.

      Note:

      If the application in hand was rejected because it was a duplicate and an ITIN was assigned to the previous application, write the ITIN along the right side of Form W-7. Use DLN from the prior application as the search criteria on the Form W-7 Search Screen to locate the assigned ITIN.

  6. Process rejected Form W-7 primary or secondary applicants as follows:

    If Primary or Secondary applicant... Then perfect Form W-7 by... Process the return (both balance due and refund) by... Update Remarks Screen by...
    Rejects for not validating their identity, Writing the unsatisfied identity suspense codes in the bottom center of Form W-7 Flagging the return (in a manner determined by local management) for Clerical to send the return with the Form W-7 to Document Retention. The return will NOT be processed.

    Exception:

    If either primary or secondary has a valid TIN and income, the return will be routed to the pipeline for processing. Write "N/A" in bottom center of Form W-7.

    Adding statements about the return with entries such as Return to Files, etc.
    Validates their identity but rejects because they are NOT eligible for an ITIN Write "N/A" in bottom center of Form W-7
    • Write "ITIN REJECT" in the TIN box

    • Write the DOB next to the TIN box

      Note:

      If applicable, complete Form 3471E and attach to the back of the return facing out. See IRM 3.21.263.5.10.6

    Reminder:

    Only route secondary applicants if their Schedule SE is attached.

    Adding statements about the return with entries such as 2013 return to Entity for IRSN, etc. .
    Applicant rejects for NOT satisfying S 50 Writing "S 50" at bottom center of Form W-7, and Flagging the return (in a manner determined by local management) for Clerical to send the return with the Form W-7 to Document Retention. The return will NOT be processed.

    Exception:

    If either primary or secondary has a valid TIN and income, the return will be routed to the pipeline for processing. Write "N/A" in bottom center of Form W-7

    .
    Adding statements about the return with entries such as 2013 return to Files, etc.
  7. Document the tax return as follows:

    • Write the ITIN(s) on the tax return in the space allocated for the primary, secondary and dependent taxpayer's SSN. Ensure that the ITIN is written on each tax return where the applicant is listed.

      Caution:

      Complete Form 3471E when required for returns being sent to processing. Enter the RPD date on line 4. See IRM 3.21.263.5.10.6 to determine when Form 3471E is required and for instructions on computing the RPD.

    • Ensure that a TIN status is indicated for each person listed on the tax return prior to release. If no SSN or ITIN processing information is available for a person shown on a tax return, write "No W-7" in the SSN box. This also applies to the spouse when filingstatus "3" is indicated.

      Exception:

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      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡
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      Caution:

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    • Write the DOB next to the TIN box for any primary/secondary applicant needing an IRSN.

      Reminder:

      Only edit secondary applicants if their Schedule SE is attached.

    • Staple multiple copies of the exact same tax return for the same tax year together (do not stagger) and only edit the top tax return with the ITIN, or "ITIN Reject" , or "No W-7" .

    • Use only red erasable ink on the tax returns. Write in block letters that are easily legible. Do not use white out, erasures etc. in the primary and secondary taxpayer SSN boxes on the return. If something has already been written in the primary or secondary boxes or white out has been used, circle out this information and write the ITIN to the left of the SSN box. If something has already been written in the dependent SSN box and there is no room to enter the information to the left of the box, use white out tape only in this area. Be careful not to cover other return information such as the relationship or check box. If the dependent is listed on a continuation sheet that is attached to the return, enter the appropriate ITIN information on that sheet.

    • If no received date is present on the return but is present on the Form W-7, write the same received date as on the Form W-7 on the tax returns(s).

      Caution:

      Always write the received date as "MM-DD-YY" to the right of Line 6d on the front of the return.

    • If no received date is present on the Form W-7 or return, determine and write the received date on the return in the following priority order:
      - postmark date on the envelope
      - signature date
      - today's date minus 10 days

      Note:

      ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡

  8. If Form W-7 suspends, do not write anything on the tax return(s) for the applicant. If Form W-7 rejects, the applicant will need to reapply. Write or stamp "ITIN Reject" in the Primary , Secondary or Dependent SSN box on the tax return as appropriate.

    Note:

    When routing returns to Entity for primary/secondary IRSN assignment, write the applicants's DOB in the upper right margin of the return next to their TIN box. If applicable, complete Form 3471E and attach to the back of the return with Form 3471E facing out. See IRM 3.21.263.5.10.6

    Reminder:

    If Form W-7 Hard Rejects and is a Hard Reject because one "cannot calculate tax liability on the tax return" , circle out all IRS received dates on the tax return before sending it back to the taxpayer. Prepare the envelope to return Form W-7, documentation and all tax returns to the primary on the tax return.

  9. The normal Assessment ASED for a tax return is three years from the due date of the return or three years from the return received date, whichever is later. The normal RSED is:

    • Three years from the return due date (RDD), or

    • Three years from the return received date, or

    • Two years from the date the tax was paid, whichever is later.

  10. If today's date is within 90 days of a return ASED or RSED, look in the upper left margin of the tax return for the Statute Unit clearance stamp. The following stamped information indicates the return has been cleared by Statute:

    • "Cleared for Assessment"

    • "Cleared by Statute"

    • "Delinquent Return" and the date of clearance on the return.


    An employee number and date will also be present for all three categories. If a Statute Unit stamp is not present, notate "T-R-A Statute" in the Remarks screen and take the following actions:

    • If assigned (both primary and secondary, if applicable), notate ITIN(s) on the tax return. These returns will be referred to Statute even if dependent Form W-7s are still pending.

      Caution:

      Complete Form 3471E when required (all applicants are in final status) for returns ready to be sent to processing. Enter the RPD on line 4. See IRM 3.21.263.5.10.6 to determine when Form 3471E is required and for instructions on computing the RPD.

    • If rejected (primary or secondary, if applicable), write "ITIN Reject" on the tax return. These returns will be referred to Entity even if dependent Form W-7s are still pending.

    • If suspended, leave the return with the application for filing on the suspense shelves.

    • Flag the entire family pack (Form W-7s/Form W-7SP, Statute return with all other tax returns, etc.) for assigned or rejected primary and secondary applicants for Lead action.

  11. OFAC STATUS: The application has been identified by OFAC and requires special handling. Edit the DLN in the upper right corner of Form W-7. Edit the tax return, if applicable, with any assigned ITINs.:

    Note:

    Do not write OFAC on the tax return

    Caution:

    Once the OFAC Status is displayed on the Temporary W-7 Status , never attempt to navigate back into the application to make changes. Allow the OFAC Status to be set as the Final Status.


    The table below explains how to handle Family Packs that include W-7 Applications in OFAC Status.

    If ... Then ...
    The W-7 with the OFAC status is the primary taxpayer or first application in the Family Pack Continue to enter the entire family pack. The remaining or dependent applications will S 25. If final status is not S 25, pull for Lead to override.
    The W-7 with the OFAC status is one of the dependents in the Family Pack Continue to enter the remaining family pack.

    Note:

    All OFAC applications must be referred to your Lead, Manager, or designee to be forwarded to the designated OFAC Status Coordinator. OFAC Status W-7 applications, including individual and Family Packs, should be turned sideways in the batch for easy identification by the clerical staff. On a daily basis, the Lead, Manager, or designee will gather all identified OFAC status applications and hand deliver them to the OFAC status coordinator.

  12. Pending Status: The RTS has not been able to process the application to set a final status to the application you are currently working. The RTS will save all the data you have input. You will be able to immediately attempt to correct the pending condition by clicking the Resubmit button. If you are unable to clear the pending status, annotate pending in the upper left corner of the application, annotate the DLN in the upper right hand corner and turn sideways in the batch to alert you that this application still needs to be worked. You will be able to continue entering additional applications by clicking on the Enter Another W-7 Application button.

    Caution:

    Before returning the batch to the cart try to ensure that all pending applications are completed to final status. If the entire batch is in pending status, replace on cart and advise work leader that this batch must be worked for final status. If a pending application is accidentally left in batch Clerical will bring back to TE for final status assignment.

  13. Check copy: Follow the instructions below for processing check copies:

    If... Then...
    Assigned,
    1. Write the ITIN on the front of the check copy.

    2. IF the name on the check copy is not that of the primary taxpayer, write the primary taxpayer's name on the check copy.

    Suspended, Do not edit or write anything on the check copy until the account is in final status (assigned or rejected). If the check copy has no remittance DLN written as shown in the example below, do NOT edit the check.

    Example:

    20009-XXX-XXXXX-X; 07009-XXX-XXXXXX-X.

    Rejected,
    1. Write "ITIN Reject" on the check copy.

    2. IF the primary taxpayer rejects for not satisfying S 50, write "ITIN Reject-No Return Processed " on the check copy.

    3. IF the primary taxpayer rejects for not validating their identity AND the return is not being sent to the pipeline for processing (see paragraph (6) above) , write "ITIN Reject-No Return Processed. "

  14. CP Notices: Document external CP Notices (CP 11, 12, 13, 54) by editing the assigned ITIN(s) in the top center margin of the CP Notice.

  15. Form 2848: Edit the ITIN, or "ITIN Reject" , or "No W-7" in the SSN area of line 1 on Form 2848 after the W-7 Application is processed.

    Note:

    Edit even when Form 2848 is invalid.

  16. Form 3949, Information Report Referral: Edit the ITIN, or "ITIN Reject" , or" No W-7" in the SSN line 1c of Form 3949 after the Form W-7 application is processed.

3.21.263.5.4.2  (08-21-2014)
W-7 Potential Duplicate and Names Research Screen

  1. The RTS will run all business rules validations, including the OFAC check, to identify any potential duplicate W-7 record(s) in the data base.

  2. The Document Locator Numbers (DLNs) of all potential duplicates will be displayed with their current status.

  3. To identify a true duplicate, select the DLN and review the following fields of each potential duplicate:

    • Date of birth

    • Name (current and name at birth)

    • Country of birth

      Caution:

      In addition to matching the above three criteria, the applicant must also match on one or more of the following areas:

      • The complete mailing U.S. address on Form W-7 or the tax return, OR

      • The complete foreign address on Form W-7 or the tax return, OR

      • Foreign tax ID number, OR

      • U.S. Citizen/Resident Alien name and TIN identification (these fields may be matched to the parent's name on the birth certificate for esthe case in hand), OR

      • Parent's name in the Signature, Delegate or U.S. Citizen/Resident Alien fields (these fields may be matched to the parent's name on the birth certificate in the case in hand), OR

      • A supporting document ID number in the Supporting Document Table or in Line 6d.

      Note:

      Treat the ID number as a match if any number on the birth certificate in hand matches the birth certificate ID number in RTS for the potential duplicate.

      Reminder:

      When in doubt as to whether the application is a duplicate or when other evidence indicates a duplicate, refer to the Lead.

    • Caution:

      Be sure to research RTS for duplicate Hard Reject Cases.

      Reminder:

      You must close each potential duplicate screen ("X" in the top right corner) when the review is complete.

  4. Use the table below to work cases listed on the potential duplicate screen:

    If... Then...
    A duplicate application was previously assigned an ITIN,
    1. Select the check box to the left of the DLN.

    2. Select "Duplicate" button.

    3. Write the ITIN along the right side of the Form W-7 and on the tax return.

    A duplicate application is currently in suspense,
    1. Flag the current document to alert clerical of the suspense duplication.

    2. Select "Duplicate" button.

    3. Select R 06

    Note:

    If primary is different, do NOT identify as duplicate.

    A primary duplicate application was previously rejected with other than R 17,
    1. Notate the DLN(s) of the rejected applications.

    2. Select "Not a Duplicate" button.

    3. Research to determine the reason for the reject(s).

    4. Verify the tax return is for the same tax year as the "rejected" application,.

    5. Write "COPY" on the tax return(s).

      Caution:

      Do not write "COPY" on Form 1040X or any tax return that is annotated "amended" even if you find evidence of a prior submission.

    6. Continue processing the Form W-7.

    The duplicate application was previously rejected R 17,
    1. Select "Not a duplicate" button.

    2. Forward the return for processing as an original.

    3. Continue processing the Form W-7.

    A duplicate application is not located,
    1. Select "Not a Duplicate" button.

    2. Forward the return for processing.

    3. Continue processing the Form W-7.

    If an IRSN is identified in the NAMES screen, Edit the IRSN on Line 6f of Form W-7.

    Note:

    If an ITIN assigns from processing the Form W-7, edit the return for processing. Refer the case to the lead for merge consideration. See IRM 3.21.263.5.7.

  5. In some cases, potential duplicate applications may not display on the Potential Duplicate Screen. Review the application for any of the following:

    • Transposition of middle and surname

    • Omission of a middle or surname

  6. If any of the inconsistencies listed in (5) above are found in the assigned application, enter the name as shown for the entry inconsistent with the Form W-7 name. For example, Form W-7 lists the name as John Smith Jones. An attached document shows the name as John Smith. Change the RTS name to John Smith and submit.

  7. Use the table below to continue processing:

    If... Then...
    All identifying information shown in (4) above is the same on both applications, Flag the case for work leader review and action.
    All identifying information is not the same for both applications, Continue processing the application.
  8. The work leader will:

    • Verify the duplicate ITIN is valid.

    • Perfect the name control of the current application in RTS to match the assigned application by adding or removing a hyphen or space, or by moving the middle and surnames to the appropriate RTS field.

    • Enter a note in the Remarks field stating the previously assigned application should not be altered.

    • Override the application to R 02 status if correcting name control on the current application does not generate R 02.

  9. Review the temporary W-7 Status screen:

    If... Then...
    The NAMES research screen displays, Research for a valid SSN or ITIN on IDRS using CC NAMES.
    A valid SSN is found,

    Reminder:

    Be sure to make a note of the SSN for entry to RTS.

    1. Select "RO1" from the drop-down box.

    2. Enter the SSN found on IDRS in the SSN field.

    3. Select "Submit" button.

3.21.263.5.5  (08-15-2013)
Revoke and Override Processing (Leads/Managers Only)

  1. The revoke and override features will be enabled for those users who have been identified as work leaders or managers. These two functions will not be enabled for any other user of the RTS.

  2. The work leader or manager will be able to revoke an assigned ITIN or override a status code when any of the following reasons are identified:

    • Applicant was previously assigned an ITIN and it was not determined during the initial processing phase.

    • Applicant has a SSN and it was not determined during the initial processing phase.

    • Applicant did not provide sufficient information to substantiate the assignment of the ITIN.

    • ITIN was assigned erroneously.

    • The suspense or reject status was assigned erroneously.

    • Decedent Applicant

  3. Additionally, override can be used to address any unique condition that will require special handling.

    Caution:

    The work leader or manager must ensure that the application data is complete and exercise extreme caution before using the override function. The override function will not run any of the consistency or validity checks or apply any of the business rules. Ensure all required Form W-7 data is correctly entered to RTS (especially the DOB) so that the IDRS entity correctly posts.

  4. If the user selects the Override Status from the W-7 Application View screen the Override Status screen will display.

  5. If the user selects Revoke ITIN from the W-7 Application View screen the Revoke ITIN screen will display.

  6. See IRM 3.21.263.8.3.6 and IRM 3.21.263.8.3.7 for navigational instructions.

  7. If multiple ITINs have been assigned, see IRM 3.21.263.5.7, for merge guidance.

  8. When the revocation is complete, update the Remarks Screen to show why the ITIN was revoked. Examples include ""Form 4442 dated 01-25-13 from employee 5801XXXXX says merged to XXX-XX-XXXX" . Attach the documentation used to ask for the revocation to Form 9856, Attachment Alert, showing the original DLN of the ITIN application.

    Caution:

    If the Form 4442 is being routed to another area such as Entity, route Form 4442 to that appropriate area and do not complete Form 9856 for filing. If the Form W-7 DLN is older than 7 years from the current date and is not being routed to another area, mark the documentation with a red "C" for classified waste.

3.21.263.5.6  (01-16-2014)
Quality Review

  1. Quality Reviewers use this IRM to determine corrective action. When procedures (IRM, SERP or ITIN Alert) are not followed, quote the reference for the correct procedure and charge an error.

  2. All ITIN applications are held systemically for three business days to allow for quality review. All reviews should be completed within the three day hold period. Cases not reviewed within that time-frame will be released.

  3. When pulling samples for review, do not separate Form W-7 associated with a tax return, exception documentation, or supporting identification documentation, The entire ITIN application package must be kept together.

  4. If an application was assigned, suspended or rejected erroneously, in addition to charging an error, complete Form 5963, Quality Review Assurance Review Notice.

    Reminder:

    If an identification document (ID) has a questionable discrepancy but was processed as valid, charge an error. If an ID is valid but was processed as having a questionable discrepancy, charge an error. IRM 3.21.263.5.3.4.2, IRM 3.21.263.5.3.4.4 # and ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ .

  5. When the review of the work is completed, return the entire application package to the team manager for employee feedback and any needed RTS input corrections..


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