IR-2018-108, April 27, 2018 WASHINGTON ― The Internal Revenue Service today issued guidance that provides relief for certain small employers that wish to claim the Small Business Health Care Tax Credit for 2017 and later years. The Small Business Health Care Tax Credit can benefit certain small employers who provide health coverage to their employees. Generally, small employers must provide employees with a qualified health plan from a Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP) Marketplace to qualify for the credit. Also, small employers may only claim the credit for two consecutive years. In general, the relief provided today helps employers who first claim the credit for all or part of 2016 or a later taxable year for coverage offered through a SHOP Marketplace, but don’t have SHOP Marketplace plans available to offer to employees for all or part of the remainder of the credit period because the county where the employer is located has no SHOP Marketplace plans. The relief allows these employers to claim the credit for health insurance coverage provided outside of a SHOP Marketplace for the remainder of the credit period if that coverage would have qualified under the rules that applied before Jan. 1, 2014. Notice 2018-27 PDF gives guidance about calculating the credit under these circumstances. The notice does not affect previous transition relief for the credit that was separately provided for 2014, 2015, and 2016. For information on whether a county had or has coverage available through a SHOP Marketplace, see the “Who Gets the Credit” section of the Questions and Answers about the Small Business Health Care Tax Credit on IRS.gov.