Standards of Knowledge for Purposes of Chapter 3


You must withhold in accordance with the presumption rules if you know or have reason to know that a withholding certificate or documentary evidence provided by a payee is unreliable or incorrect to establish the payee’s status for chapter 3 purposes. If you rely on an agent to obtain documentation, you are considered to know, or have reason to know, the facts that are within the knowledge of your agent for this purpose.

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