Topic no. 152, Refund information

Refund timing

The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in the normal time frame: less than 21 days. However, it’s possible that some tax returns may require further review and could result in the refund being delayed.

Some common issues which may extend processing times:

  • You mailed your return.
  • You’re expecting a refund from an amended return. Refer to Where’s my amended return? for more information, including processing timeframes.
  • If you filed an injured spouse claim, refer to injured spouse relief for more information.
  • For refund claims with an application for an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) attached, refer to Topic no. 857 for more information.
  • If you requested a refund of tax withheld on a Form 1042-S by filing a Form 1040-NR, allow up to 6 months from the original due date of the 1040-NR return or the date you filed the 1040-NR, whichever is later, to receive any refund due.
  • The IRS expects the earliest Earned Income Tax Credit and Additional Child Tax Credit related refunds to be available in taxpayer bank accounts or on debit cards by February 27 if you chose direct deposit and there are no other issues with the tax return. However, some taxpayers may see their refunds a few days earlier. Check Where's my refund? for your personalized refund date.

You can also refer to Topic no. 303 for a checklist of common errors made when preparing your tax return and for additional items that may delay the processing of your return.

Call us about your refund status only if Where's my refund? recommends you to contact us.

Refund type

Join the eight in 10 taxpayers who get their refunds faster by using e-file and direct deposit. You have several options for receiving your federal individual income tax refund:

  • Direct deposit: The fastest way is by direct deposit into your checking or savings account, including an individual retirement arrangement (IRA) at a bank or other financial institution (such as a mutual fund, brokerage firm, or credit union) in the United States. See the Instructions for Form 1040 (and Form 1040-SR) PDF for more information. The account must be in your name. In an effort to combat fraud and identity theft, the IRS limits the number of direct deposits into a single financial account or prepaid debit card to three refunds per year. Taxpayers who exceed this limit will receive a notice and a refund check instead, which may take up to 10 weeks;
  • TreasuryDirect®: Deposit into a TreasuryDirect® online account to buy savings bonds. For more information, go to;
  • Traditional, Roth, or SEP-IRA: Directly deposit part or all of your refund into a traditional IRA, Roth IRA, or SEP-IRA, but not a SIMPLE IRA. You must have an existing IRA account before you file your return, and your routing number and account number. See the Instructions for Form 1040 (and Form 1040-SR) for more information. For more information on IRA contributions, see Publication 590-A, Contributions to Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs);
  • Form 8888: By purchase of U.S. Series I Savings Bonds up to $5,000; or
  • Paper check: By paper check sent to the address listed on your return.

Splitting your refund

If you choose to receive your refund by direct deposit, you can split your refund into as many as three separate accounts. For example, you can request that we directly deposit into a checking, a savings, and a retirement account by completing Form 8888, Allocation of Refund (Including Savings Bond Purchases) and attaching it to your income tax return. You can also use Form 8888 to buy up to $5,000 in series I savings bonds. You can't have your refund deposited into more than one account or buy paper series I savings bonds if you file Form 8379, Injured Spouse Allocation. As a reminder, your refund should only be directly deposited into accounts that are in your own name, your spouse's name, or both if it's a joint account. Your refund should not be direct deposited into an account in your return preparer's name. Please note, to receive your refund by direct deposit (whether into one account or more), the total refund amount must be $1 or more.

Online or mobile device

Where's my refund? has the most up to date information available about your refund. Use it to get your personalized refund status. The tool is updated once a day, so you don't need to check more often. You can also download our free mobile app, IRS2Go, from an iPhone or Android device to check Where's my refund?

Checking your refund status

You can start checking on the status of your refund within:

  • 24 hours after e-filing a tax year 2023 return
  • 3 or 4 days after e-filing a tax year 2021 or 2022 return
  • 4 weeks after mailing a return

Have your tax return handy so you can provide your taxpayer identification number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund shown on your return.

General information

Where's my refund? provides information for the current and two previous tax years. If you need other return information, view Your Online Account.

Where's my refund? includes a tracker that displays progress through 3 stages: (1) Return received, (2) Refund approved, and (3) Refund sent. Where's my refund? provides a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. It doesn't show information about amended returns. To check the status of an amended return, use Where's my amended return?

Where's my refund? has the most accurate and complete refund information available. IRS representatives don't have information beyond what's shown on Where's my refund? so you don't need to call the IRS unless the tool says we can provide more information to you. Updates to refund status are made once a day - usually at night.

Telephone access

If you don't have Internet access, you may call the refund hotline at 800-829-1954 to check on your tax year 2023 refund. To check on an amended return, call 866-464-2050.

Not entitled to refund received

If you receive a refund to which you're not entitled, or for an amount that's more than you expected, don't cash the check. For a direct deposit that was greater than expected, immediately contact the IRS at 800-829-1040 and your bank or financial institution. If you receive a notice from the IRS explaining an adjustment to a refund amount, you should do as instructed in the notice. For information about returning an erroneous refund, see Topic no. 161.

Refund less than expected

If you receive a refund for a smaller amount than you expected, you may cash the check. You'll get a notice explaining the difference. Follow the instructions on the notice. If it's determined that you should have received more, you will later receive a check for the difference.

Missing refund check

If your refund check is lost, stolen or destroyed, the IRS will initiate a refund trace to determine the status of the refund. See I lost my refund check. How do I get a new one?

Additional information

For more information about refunds, see Tax season refund frequently asked questions.