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Research and Development - Manufacturing Tax Tips

Notice: Historical Content

This is an archival or historical document and may not reflect current law, policies or procedures.

The expenditures of research and development ("R&D") are generally capital expenses. However, you can choose to deduct these expenditures as current business expenses.

You may use one of the two following methods of accounting for R&D expenditures:

  • You may deduct your R&D expenditures in the tax year, in which you paid or incurred,
    or
  • You may amortize such expenditures over a period of not less than 60 months

You must charge to a capital account any R&D expenditures that you do not deduct currently, nor defer and amortize.

You may claim the R&D credit against tax for certain qualified R&D expenditures, and combine the credit as one of the components of the general business credit. The R&D credit is a nonrefundable tax credit.

For detail information of R&D expenditures, please select from the following topics:

Current-year Deduction of R&D Expenditures

Amortization of R&D Expenditures