The expenditures of research and development ("R&D") are generally capital expenses. However, you can choose to deduct these expenditures as current business expenses.
You may use one of the two following methods of accounting for R&D expenditures:
- You may deduct your R&D expenditures in the tax year, in which you paid or incurred,
- You may amortize such expenditures over a period of not less than 60 months
You must charge to a capital account any R&D expenditures that you do not deduct currently, nor defer and amortize.
You may claim the R&D credit against tax for certain qualified R&D expenditures, and combine the credit as one of the components of the general business credit. The R&D credit is a nonrefundable tax credit.
For detail information of R&D expenditures, please select from the following topics: