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Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2014-11 

March 10, 2014 

Rev. Proc. 2014–21


SECTION 1. PURPOSE

This revenue procedure provides: (1) limitations on depreciation deductions for owners of passenger automobiles first placed in service by the taxpayer during calendar year 2014, including separate tables of limitations on depreciation deductions for trucks and vans; and (2) the amounts that must be included in income by lessees of passenger automobiles first leased by the taxpayer during calendar year 2014, including a separate table of inclusion amounts for lessees of trucks and vans. The tables detailing these depreciation limitations and lessee inclusion amounts reflect the automobile price inflation adjustments required by § 280F(d)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code.

SECTION 2. BACKGROUND

.01 For owners of passenger automobiles, § 280F(a) imposes dollar limitations on the depreciation deduction for the year the taxpayer places the passenger automobile in service and for each succeeding year. For passenger automobiles placed in service after 1988, § 280F(d)(7) requires the Internal Revenue Service to increase the amounts allowable as depreciation deductions by a price inflation adjustment amount. The method of calculating this price inflation amount for trucks and vans placed in service in or after calendar year 2003 uses a different CPI “automobile component” (the “new trucks” component) than that used in the price inflation amount calculation for other passenger automobiles (the “new cars” component), resulting in somewhat higher depreciation deductions for trucks and vans. This change reflects the higher rate of price inflation for trucks and vans since 1988.

.02 Section 280F(c) requires a reduction in the deduction allowed to the lessee of a leased passenger automobile. The reduction must be substantially equivalent to the limitations on the depreciation deductions imposed on owners of passenger automobiles. Under § 1.280F–7(a) of the Income Tax Regulations, this reduction requires a lessee to include in gross income an amount determined by applying a formula to the amount obtained from a table. One table applies to lessees of trucks and vans and another table applies to all other passenger automobiles. Each table shows inclusion amounts for a range of fair market values for each taxable year after the passenger automobile is first leased.

SECTION 3. SCOPE

.01 The limitations on depreciation deductions in section 4.01(2) of this revenue procedure apply to passenger automobiles (other than leased passenger automobiles) that are placed in service by the taxpayer in calendar year 2014, and continue to apply for each taxable year that the passenger automobile remains in service.

.02 The tables in section 4.02 of this revenue procedure apply to leased passenger automobiles for which the lease term begins during calendar year 2014. Lessees of these passenger automobiles must use these tables to determine the inclusion amount for each taxable year during which the passenger automobile is leased. See Rev. Proc. 2009–24, 2009–17 I.R.B. 885, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2009; Rev. Proc. 2010–18, 2010–09 I.R.B. 427, as amplified and modified by section 4.03 of Rev. Proc. 2011–21, 2011–12 I.R.B. 560, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2010; Rev. Proc. 2011–21, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2011; Rev. Proc. 2012–23, 2012–14 I.R.B. 712, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2012, and Rev. Proc. 2013–21, 2013–12 I.R.B. 660, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2013.

SECTION 4. APPLICATION

.01 Limitations on Depreciation Deductions for Certain Automobiles.

(1) Amount of the inflation adjustment.

(a) Passenger automobiles (other than trucks or vans). Under § 280F(d)(7)(B)(i), the automobile price inflation adjustment for any calendar year is the percentage (if any) by which the CPI automobile component for October of the preceding calendar year exceeds the CPI automobile component for October 1987. Section 280F(d)(7)(B)(ii) defines the term “CPI automobile component” as the automobile component of the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers published by the Department of Labor. The new car component of the CPI was 115.2 for October 1987 and 144.169 for October 2013. The October 2013 index exceeded the October 1987 index by 28.969. Therefore, the automobile price inflation adjustment for 2014 for passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) is 25.1 percent (28.969/115.2 x 100%). The dollar limitations in § 280F(a) are multiplied by a factor of 0.251, and the resulting increases, after rounding to the nearest $100, are added to the 1988 limitations to give the depreciation limitations applicable to passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) for calendar year 2014. This adjustment applies to all passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) that are first placed in service in calendar year 2014.

(b) Trucks and vans. To determine the dollar limitations for trucks and vans first placed in service during calendar year 2014, the Service uses the new truck component of the CPI instead of the new car component. The new truck component of the CPI was 112.4 for October 1987 and 151.877 for October 2013. The October 2013 index exceeded the October 1987 index by 39.477. Therefore, the automobile price inflation adjustment for 2014 for trucks and vans is 35.1 percent (39.477/112.4 x 100%). The dollar limitations in § 280F(a) are multiplied by a factor of 0.351, and the resulting increases, after rounding to the nearest $100, are added to the 1988 limitations to give the depreciation limitations for trucks and vans. This adjustment applies to all trucks and vans that are first placed in service in calendar year 2014.

(2) Amount of the limitation. Tables 1 and 2 contain the dollar amount of the depreciation limitation for each taxable year for passenger automobiles a taxpayer places in service in calendar year 2014. Use Table 1 for a passenger automobile (other than a truck or van), and Table 2 for a truck or van, placed in service in calendar year 2014.

REV. PROC. 2014–21 TABLE 1
DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2014
Tax Year Amount
1st Tax Year $ 3,160
2nd Tax Year $ 5,100
3rd Tax Year $ 3,050
Each Succeeding Year $ 1,875
REV. PROC. 2014–21 TABLE 2
DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2014
Tax Year Amount
1st Tax Year $ 3,460
2nd Tax Year $ 5,500
3rd Tax Year $ 3,350
Each Succeeding Year $ 1,975

.02 Inclusions in Income of Lessees of Passenger Automobiles.

A taxpayer must follow the procedures in § 1.280F–7(a) for determining the inclusion amounts for passenger automobiles first leased in calendar year 2014. In applying these procedures, lessees of passenger automobiles other than trucks and vans should use Table 3 of this revenue procedure, while lessees of trucks and vans should use Table 4 of this revenue procedure.

REV. PROC. 2014–21 TABLE 4
DOLLAR AMOUNTS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS
WITH A LEASE TERM BEGINNING IN CALENDAR YEAR 2014
Fair Market Value of Truck or Van Tax Year During Lease
Over Not Over 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th & later
$19,000 $19,500 2 4 5 7 8
19,500 20,000 2 5 7 8 10
20,000 20,500 3 6 8 10 12
20,500 21,000 3 7 10 11 14
21,000 21,500 3 8 11 14 15
21,500 22,000 4 9 12 15 18
22,000 23,000 5 10 15 17 21
23,000 24,000 5 12 18 21 24
24,000 25,000 6 14 20 25 28
25,000 26,000 7 16 23 28 32
26,000 27,000 8 18 26 31 36
27,000 28,000 9 20 28 35 40
28,000 29,000 10 21 32 38 44
29,000 30,000 11 23 35 41 48
30,000 31,000 11 26 37 45 52
31,000 32,000 12 27 41 48 56
32,000 33,000 13 29 43 52 60
33,000 34,000 14 31 46 55 64
34,000 35,000 15 33 49 58 68
35,000 36,000 16 35 51 62 72
36,000 37,000 17 37 54 65 76
37,000 38,000 18 38 58 69 79
38,000 39,000 18 41 60 72 83
39,000 40,000 19 43 63 75 87
40,000 41,000 20 44 66 79 91
41,000 42,000 21 46 69 82 95
42,000 43,000 22 48 72 85 99
43,000 44,000 23 50 74 89 103
44,000 45,000 24 52 77 93 106
45,000 46,000 24 54 80 96 111
46,000 47,000 25 56 83 99 115
47,000 48,000 26 58 86 102 119
48,000 49,000 27 60 88 106 123
49,000 50,000 28 62 91 109 127
50,000 51,000 29 63 95 113 130
51,000 52,000 30 65 97 117 134
52,000 53,000 31 67 100 120 138
53,000 54,000 31 69 103 123 142
54,000 55,000 32 71 106 126 146
55,000 56,000 33 73 108 130 150
56,000 57,000 34 75 111 133 154
57,000 58,000 35 77 114 137 157
58,000 59,000 36 79 116 141 161
59,000 60,000 37 80 120 144 165
60,000 62,000 38 84 123 149 172
62,000 64,000 40 87 130 155 180
64,000 66,000 41 91 136 162 187
66,000 68,000 43 95 141 169 195
68,000 70,000 45 99 146 176 203
70,000 72,000 47 102 153 182 211
72,000 74,000 48 107 158 189 219
74,000 76,000 50 110 164 196 227
76,000 78,000 52 114 169 203 235
78,000 80,000 54 118 175 209 243
80,000 85,000 57 124 185 222 256
85,000 90,000 61 134 199 239 276
90,000 95,000 65 144 213 256 295
95,000 100,000 70 153 227 273 315
100,000 110,000 76 168 248 298 345
110,000 120,000 85 187 277 332 383
120,000 130,000 93 206 305 366 423
130,000 140,000 102 225 334 400 462
140,000 150,000 111 244 362 434 501
150,000 160,000 120 263 390 468 541
160,000 170,000 128 282 419 502 580
170,000 180,000 137 301 447 536 619
180,000 190,000 146 320 475 571 658
190,000 200,000 154 339 504 604 698
200,000 210,000 163 358 532 639 736
210,000 220,000 172 377 561 672 776
220,000 230,000 180 397 589 706 815
230,000 240,000 189 416 617 740 854
240,000 and over 198 435 645 774 894

REV. PROC. 2014–21 TABLE 3
DOLLAR AMOUNTS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS)
WITH A LEASE TERM BEGINNING IN CALENDAR YEAR 2014
Fair Market Value of Passenger Automobile Tax Year During Lease
Over Not Over 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th & later
$18,500 $19,000 3 5 8 10 11
19,000 19,500 3 6 10 11 13
19,500 20,000 3 8 11 13 14
20,000 20,500 4 8 13 14 17
20,500 21,000 4 9 14 17 18
21,000 21,500 5 10 15 18 21
21,500 22,000 5 11 17 20 22
22,000 23,000 6 13 18 23 25
23,000 24,000 7 14 22 26 29
24,000 25,000 8 16 25 29 33
25,000 26,000 8 19 27 32 38
26,000 27,000 9 20 31 35 42
27,000 28,000 10 22 33 40 45
28,000 29,000 11 24 36 43 49
29,000 30,000 12 26 39 46 53
30,000 31,000 13 28 41 50 57
31,000 32,000 14 30 44 53 61
32,000 33,000 14 32 47 56 65
33,000 34,000 15 34 50 59 69
34,000 35,000 16 36 52 64 72
35,000 36,000 17 38 55 67 76
36,000 37,000 18 39 59 70 80
37,000 38,000 19 41 61 74 84
38,000 39,000 20 43 64 77 88
39,000 40,000 21 45 67 80 92
40,000 41,000 21 47 70 84 96
41,000 42,000 22 49 73 87 100
42,000 43,000 23 51 75 91 104
43,000 44,000 24 53 78 94 108
44,000 45,000 25 55 81 97 112
45,000 46,000 26 56 84 101 116
46,000 47,000 27 58 87 104 120
47,000 48,000 28 60 90 107 124
48,000 49,000 28 62 93 111 127
49,000 50,000 29 64 96 114 131
50,000 51,000 30 66 98 118 135
51,000 52,000 31 68 101 121 139
52,000 53,000 32 70 104 124 143
53,000 54,000 33 72 106 128 147
54,000 55,000 34 74 109 131 151
55,000 56,000 34 76 112 135 155
56,000 57,000 35 78 115 138 159
57,000 58,000 36 80 118 141 163
58,000 59,000 37 81 121 145 167
59,000 60,000 38 83 124 148 171
60,000 62,000 39 86 128 153 177
62,000 64,000 41 90 134 159 185
64,000 66,000 43 94 139 167 192
66,000 68,000 44 98 145 173 201
68,000 70,000 46 102 150 180 209
70,000 72,000 48 105 156 188 216
72,000 74,000 50 109 162 194 224
74,000 76,000 51 113 168 200 232
76,000 78,000 53 117 173 208 239
78,000 80,000 55 120 179 215 247
80,000 85,000 58 127 189 226 261
85,000 90,000 62 137 203 243 281
90,000 95,000 67 146 217 260 301
95,000 100,000 71 156 231 277 320
100,000 110,000 77 170 253 303 349
110,000 120,000 86 189 281 337 389
120,000 130,000 95 208 310 370 428
130,000 140,000 103 228 337 405 467
140,000 150,000 112 247 366 438 507
150,000 160,000 121 266 394 473 545
160,000 170,000 130 284 423 507 585
170,000 180,000 138 304 451 541 624
180,000 190,000 147 323 479 575 663
190,000 200,000 156 342 507 609 703
200,000 210,000 164 361 536 643 742
210,000 220,000 173 380 565 676 781
220,000 230,000 182 399 593 710 821
230,000 240,000 190 418 622 744 860
240,000 and over 199 437 650 778 899

SECTION 5. EFFECTIVE DATE

This revenue procedure applies to passenger automobiles that a taxpayer first places in service or first leases during calendar year 2014.

SECTION 6. DRAFTING INFORMATION

The principal author of this revenue procedure is Bernard P. Harvey of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax & Accounting). For further information regarding this revenue procedure, contact Mr. Harvey at (202) 317-7005 (not a toll-free Number).


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