You can claim credits and deductions when you file your tax return. You may also qualify for certain coronavirus credits, deductions and relief. How Credits and Deductions Work Tax credits and deductions can change the amount of tax you owe so you pay less. Credits can reduce the amount of tax you owe. Deductions can reduce the amount of your income before you calculate the tax you owe. Claim Federal Tax Credits and Deductions Claim certain credits and deductions on your tax return and you may be able to get a larger refund, while others may give you a refund even if you don't owe any tax. Individuals Standard Deduction Earned Income Tax Credit – EITC Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Child and Dependent Care Credit Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Education Credits and Deductions Coronavirus Credits, Deductions and Relief Recovery Rebate Credit Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) relief Charitable Contribution Deduction Relief for Withdrawals and Loans from Retirement Plans and Individual Retirement Arrangement (IRA) More for Individuals Businesses and Self-Employed Opportunity Zones Standard Mileage Rate Research Credit Tax Information for Retirement Plans Coronavirus Credits, Deductions and Relief Sick and Family Leave Credit Employee Retention Credit Paid Leave Credit for Vaccines Deadlines extended for sponsors of employee retirement plans Increased Limits for Charitable Contributions Relief for Qualified Opportunity Fund Investors More for Businesses Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 The Inflation Reduction Act covers new and reinstated tax laws that provides credits and deductions for individuals, businesses, tax exempt and government entities. Clean Vehicle Credit Seller or Dealer Requirements Clean Vehicle Credit Qualified Manufacturer Requirements Commercial Clean Vehicle Credit Used Clean Vehicle Credit Credits for New Electric Vehicles Purchased in 2022 or Before Credits for New Clean Vehicles Purchased in 2023 or After Index of Qualified Manufactures for Used Qualified Clean Vehicles Index of Qualified Manufactures for New Qualified Clean Vehicles purchased in 2022 or before Index of Qualified Manufactures for New Qualified Clean Vehicles purchased in 2023 or after For more information on the new legislation, see Credits and Deductions Under the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022.