Internal Revenue Bulletin: 2016-33
August 15, 2016
Table of Contents
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This document contains final regulations relating to property transferred in connection with the performance of services. These final regulations affect certain taxpayers who receive property transferred in connection with the performance of services and make an election to include the value of substantially nonvested property in income in the year of transfer.
Effective Date: These regulations are effective on July 26, 2016.
Applicability Date: For dates of applicability, see § 1.83–2(g).
Thomas Scholz or Michael Hughes at (202) 317-5600 (not a toll-free number).
Section 83 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) addresses the tax consequences of a transfer of property in connection with the performance of services. Section 83(a) of the Code provides generally that the excess of the fair market value of the transferred property (determined without regard to any restriction other than a restriction which by its terms will never lapse) as of the first time that the transferee’s rights in the property are transferable or are not subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture, whichever occurs earlier, over the amount (if any) paid for the property is included in the service provider’s gross income for the taxable year which includes such time. Section 83(b) and § 1.83–2(a) permit the service provider to elect to include in gross income, as compensation for services, the excess (if any) of the fair market value of the property at the time of transfer over the amount (if any) paid for the property. Under section 83(b)(2), an election under section 83(b) must be made in accordance with the regulations thereunder. Under § 1.83–2(c), the election must be filed with the IRS no later than 30 days after the date on which the property is transferred, and a copy of the election must be submitted with the taxpayer’s income tax return for the taxable year in which the property is transferred.
On July 17, 2015, the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published a notice of proposed rulemaking (REG–135524–14) in the Federal Register (137 FR 42439) under section 83 of the Code eliminating the requirement that a copy of a section 83(b) election be submitted with the taxpayer’s income tax return for the taxable year in which the property is transferred. Treasury and the IRS received no comments responding to the notice of proposed rulemaking. No public hearing was requested and no public hearing was held. Treasury and the IRS now adopt the proposed regulations as final regulations without modification.
These final regulations remove the second sentence in § 1.83–2(c) of the existing regulations, which requires that a taxpayer submit a copy of a section 83(b) election with the taxpayer’s tax return for the year in which the property subject to the election was transferred. Accordingly, under these final regulations, a taxpayer is no longer required to file a copy of a section 83(b) election with the taxpayer’s income tax return.
Taxpayers are reminded of their general recordkeeping responsibilities pursuant to section 6001 of the Code, and more specifically of the need to keep records that show the basis of property owned by the taxpayer. Taxpayers must maintain sufficient records to show the original cost of the property and to support the tax treatment of the property transfer reported on the taxpayers’ returns. Taxpayers must keep these records as long as they may be needed for the administration of any provision of the Code. Generally, this means records that support items shown on a return must be retained until the period of limitations for that return expires. See section 6501 of the Code. A copy of any section 83(b) election made with respect to property must be kept until the period of limitations expires for any return with respect to which the income inclusion or basis of the property is relevant.
These regulations apply to property transferred on or after January 1, 2016. For transfers of property on or after January 1, 2015 and prior to January 1, 2016, the preamble to the proposed regulations provides that taxpayers may rely on the guidance in the proposed regulations (which is identical to the guidance contained in these final regulations).
Rev. Proc. 2012–29 (IRB 2012–28, 49) states that a taxpayer making a section 83(b) election must submit a copy of the election with his or her tax return for the taxable year in which such property was transferred. Effective as of July 26, 2016, Rev. Proc. 2012–29 is revoked, in part, to the extent it requires, inconsistent with these final regulations, a taxpayer to submit a copy of a section 83(b) election with his or her income tax return.
Rev. Proc. 2012–29 is published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (or Cumulative Bulletin) and is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, or by visiting the IRS website at http://www.irs.gov.
Certain IRS regulations, including this one, are exempt from the requirements of Executive Order 12866, as supplemented and reaffirmed by Executive Order 13563. Therefore, a regulatory impact assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to these regulations, and because the regulations do not impose a collection of information on small entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) does not apply. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Code, these regulations have been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on their impact on small business.
The principal authors of these final regulations are Thomas Scholz and Michael Hughes, Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (Tax Exempt and Government Entities). However, other personnel from the IRS and the Treasury participated in their development.
Paragraph 1. The authority citation for Part 1 continues to read in part as follows:
Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805***
Par. 2. Section 1.83–2 is amended by revising paragraph (c) and adding paragraph (g) to read as follows:
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(c) Manner of making election. The election referred to in paragraph (a) of this section is made by filing one copy of a written statement with the internal revenue office with which the person who performed the services files his return.
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(g) Effective/applicability date. Paragraph (c) of this section applies to property transferred on or after January 1, 2016.
John M. Dalrymple, Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.
Approved: April 20, 2016.
Mark J. Mazur, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Tax Policy).
(Filed by the Office of the Federal Register on July 25, 2016, 8:45 a.m., and published in the issue of the Federal Register for July 26, 2016, 81 F.R. 48707)
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