General Instructions

Purpose of Form 945

Use Form 945 to report withheld federal income tax from nonpayroll payments. Nonpayroll payments include:

  • Pensions (including distributions from tax-favored retirement plans, for example, section 401(k), section 403(b), and governmental section 457(b) plans) and annuities;

  • Military retirement;

  • Gambling winnings;

  • Indian gaming profits;

  • Certain government payments on which the recipient elected voluntary income tax withholding;

  • Dividends and other distributions by an Alaska Native Corporation (ANC) on which the recipient elected voluntary income tax withholding; and

  • Payments subject to backup withholding.

Report all federal income tax withholding from nonpayroll payments or distributions annually on one Form 945. Don't file more than one Form 945 for any calendar year.

All federal income tax withholding reported on 
Forms 1099 (for example, Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc.; or 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income) or Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings, must be reported on Form 945.

Don't report federal income tax withholding from wages on Form 945. All federal income tax withholding and employment taxes reported on Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, must be reported on Form 941, Employer's QUARTERLY Federal Tax Return, or Form 944, Employer's ANNUAL Federal Tax Return; Form 943, Employer's Annual Federal Tax Return for Agricultural Employees; Schedule H (Form 1040), Household Employment Taxes; or Form CT-1, Employer's Annual Railroad Retirement Tax Return.

Don't report on Form 945 federal income tax withheld on distributions to participants from nonqualified pension plans (including nongovernmental section 457(b) plans) and some other deferred compensation arrangements that are treated as wages and are reported on Form W-2. Report such withholding on Form 941 or Form 944. See Pub. 15 for more information.

Compensation paid to H-2A visa holders.   Generally, report compensation of $600 or more paid to foreign agricultural workers who entered the country on H-2A visas on Form W-2 and Form 943. However, if an H-2A visa worker didn't provide the employer with a taxpayer identification number, the employee is subject to backup withholding. The employer must report the wages and backup withholding on Form 1099-MISC. The employer must also report the backup withholding on Form 945, line 2.

Who Must File

If you withhold federal income tax (including backup withholding) from nonpayroll payments, you must file Form 945. See Purpose of Form 945, earlier. You don't have to file Form 945 for those years in which you don't have a nonpayroll tax liability. Don't report on Form 945 withholding that is required to be reported on Form 1042, Annual Withholding Tax Return for U.S. Source Income of Foreign Persons.

When To File

For 2016, file Form 945 by January 31, 2017. However, if you made deposits on time in full payment of the taxes for the year, you may file the return by February 10, 2017. Your return will be considered timely filed if it is properly addressed and mailed First-Class or sent by an IRS-designated private delivery service on or before the due date. See Pub. 15 for more information on IRS-designated private delivery services.

Where To File

In the following list, find the location of your legal residence, principal place of business, office, or agency. Send Form 945 to the address listed for your location.

Where you file depends on whether or not you're including a payment with the return.

If you're in . . . Without a  
payment . . .
With a payment . . .
District of Columbia 
New Hampshire
New Jersey  
New York  
North Carolina  
Rhode Island  
South Carolina 
West Virginia  
Department of the Treasury  
Internal Revenue Service  
Cincinnati, OH  
Internal Revenue Service  
P. O. Box 804524  
Cincinnati, OH 45280-4524
New Mexico  
North Dakota  
South Dakota  
Department of the Treasury  
Internal Revenue Service  
Ogden, UT  
Internal Revenue Service  
P. O. Box 37945  
Hartford, CT 
No legal residence or principal place of business in any state: Internal Revenue Service  
P.O. Box 409101 
Ogden, UT 
Internal Revenue Service  
P. O. Box 37945  
Hartford, CT 
If you're filing Form 945 for an exempt organization or government entity (federal, state, local, or Indian tribal government), use the following addresses, regardless of your location: Department of the Treasury  
Internal Revenue Service  
Ogden, UT  
Internal Revenue Service  
P. O. Box 37945  
Hartford, CT 

Employer Identification Number (EIN)

If you don't have an EIN, you may apply for one online. Go to and enter “EIN” in the search box.

You may also apply for an EIN by faxing or mailing Form SS-4 to the IRS. If you haven't received your EIN by the due date of Form 945, write "Applied For" and the date you applied in this entry space.

If you're filing your tax return electronically, a valid EIN is required at the time the return is filed. If a valid EIN isn't provided, the return won't be accepted. This may result in penalties.

Always be sure the EIN on the form you file exactly matches the EIN the IRS assigned to your business. Don't use your social security number (SSN) or individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) on forms that ask for an EIN. Filing a Form 945 with an incorrect EIN or using another business's EIN may result in penalties and delays in processing your return.

Name or Address Change

Notify the IRS immediately if you change your business name or address.

  • Write to the IRS office where you file your returns (using the Without a payment address under Where To File, earlier) to notify the IRS of any name change. See Pub. 1635 to see if you need to apply for a new EIN.

  • Complete and mail Form 8822-B to notify the IRS of a change of address or responsible party.

Penalties and Interest

There are penalties for filing Form 945 late and for paying or depositing taxes late, unless there is reasonable cause. See section 11 of Pub. 15 for more information on deposit penalties. Interest is charged on taxes paid late at a rate set by law. There are also penalties for failure to file information returns (for example, Forms 1099-MISC, 1099-R or W-2G) and for failure to furnish payee statements to payees.

If you receive a notice about a penalty after you file this return, reply to the notice with an explanation and we will determine if you meet reasonable-cause criteria. Don't attach an explanation when you file your return.

Use Form 843 to request abatement of assessed penalties or interest. Don't request abatement of assessed penalties or interest on Form 945 or Form 945-X.

If taxes that must be withheld (that is, trust fund taxes) aren't withheld or aren't deposited or paid to the United States Treasury, the trust fund recovery penalty may apply. The penalty is the full amount of the unpaid trust fund tax. This penalty may apply to you if these unpaid taxes can't be immediately collected from the employer or business. The penalty may be imposed on all persons who are determined by the IRS to be responsible for collecting, accounting for, or paying over these taxes, and who acted willfully in not doing so. For more information, see section 11 of Pub. 15.

Voluntary Income Tax Withholding

States must allow unemployment compensation recipients to elect to have federal income tax withheld at a 10% rate. Recipients paid under the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act may also elect withholding at a 10% rate.

Recipients of any of the following payments may request federal income tax withholding at a rate of 7%, 10%, 15%, or 25%.

  • Social security and Tier 1 railroad retirement benefits.

  • Certain crop disaster payments.

  • Commodity Credit Corporation loans.

  • Dividends and other distributions by an ANC.

The payee may request withholding on Form W-4V or you may develop your own substitute form. Any voluntary withholding on these payments must be reported on Form 945 (and on the required information return—Form 1099-G, Form SSA-1099, or Form RRB-1099) and is subject to the deposit rules.

Depositing Withheld Taxes

Deposit all nonpayroll (Form 945) withheld federal income tax, including backup withholding, by EFT. Combine all Form 945 taxes for deposit purposes. Don't combine deposits for Forms 941, 943, 944, or Form CT-1 with deposits for Form 945.

Generally, the deposit rules that apply to Form 941 also apply to Form 945. However, because Form 945 is an annual return, the rules for determining your deposit schedule (discussed below) are different from those for Form 941. See section 11 of Pub. 15 for a detailed discussion of the deposit rules.

If the total amount of tax for 2016 is less than $2,500, you’re not required to make deposits during the year.

Determining Your Deposit Schedule

There are two deposit schedules—monthly or semiweekly— for determining when you must deposit withheld federal income tax. These schedules tell you when a deposit is due after a tax liability arises (that is, you make a payment subject to federal income tax withholding, including backup withholding). Before the beginning of each calendar year, you must determine which of the two deposit schedules you must use.

For 2017, you're a monthly schedule depositor for Form 945 if the total tax reported on your 2015 Form 945 (line 3) was $50,000 or less. If the total tax reported for 2015 was more than $50,000, you're a semiweekly schedule depositor.

If you're a monthly schedule depositor and accumulate a $100,000 liability or more on any day during a calendar month, your deposit schedule changes on the next day to semiweekly for the remainder of the year and for the following year. For more information, see the $100,000 Next-Day Deposit Rule in section 11 of Pub. 15.

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