- 4.23.4 Workpapers Employment Tax Examinations
- 184.108.40.206 Overview
- 220.127.116.11 Purpose of Workpapers
- 18.104.22.168 Workpaper Preparation: General
- 22.214.171.124.1 Workpaper Preparation: Other Resources
- 126.96.36.199 Guide for Examiners Using ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheets
- 188.8.131.52 Guide for Examiners Using Issue Management System (IMS)
- 184.108.40.206.1 Mandatory and Optional Input Requirements
- 220.127.116.11.2 Case Naming Convention
- 18.104.22.168.3 Mandatory Requirements for Information Document Requests (IDRs)
- 22.214.171.124.4 Charging Time on Cases/Returns and Issues
- 126.96.36.199.5 Closing Cases in IMS
- 188.8.131.52.6 Other IMS Issues, File Size, File Limitations and Encryption Policy
- 184.108.40.206.7 ET Notebook
- 220.127.116.11 Procedures for Employment Tax Examiners Working on Large Case Audits General
- 18.104.22.168.1 Mandatory Workpapers
- 22.214.171.124.2 Pre-Examination Analysis and Audit Plan
- 126.96.36.199.3 Risk Analysis
- 188.8.131.52.4 Requests for Additional Time
- 184.108.40.206.5 Information Document Requests (IDRs)
- 220.127.116.11.6 Form 5701 Notice of Proposed Adjustment
- 18.104.22.168.7 Issue Lead Sheets
- 22.214.171.124.8 Workpaper Organization
- 126.96.36.199.9 Corporate Executive Compliance
- 188.8.131.52.10 Workpaper Disposition
- Exhibit 4.23.4-1 Mandatory Items - IMS
Part 4. Examining Process
Chapter 23. Employment Tax
Section 4. Workpapers Employment Tax Examinations
March 24, 2017
(1) This transmits a revision to the Table of Contents and text for IRM 4.23.4, Employment Tax - Workpapers, Employment Tax Examinations.
Updates are made to this section for procedural and technical changes.
(1) This section has been revised to reflect changes in employment tax workpaper requirements and IMS.
(2) IRM 184.108.40.206(8). Added that Pub 5146 is to be documented in activity record.
(3) IRM 220.127.116.11(3). Revised web site.
(4) IRM 18.104.22.168.1. New subsection for IMS users, Mandatory and Optional Input Requirements.
(5) IRM 22.214.171.124.2. New subsection for IMS users, Case Naming Convention.
(6) IRM 126.96.36.199.3. New subsection for IMS users, Mandatory Requirements for Information Document Requests (IDRs).
(7) IRM 188.8.131.52.4. New subsection for IMS users, Charging Time on Cases/Returns and Issues.
(8) IRM 184.108.40.206.5. New subsection for IMS users, Closing Cases in IMS.
(9) IRM 220.127.116.11.6. New subsection for IMS users, Other IMS Issues, File Size, File Limitations and Encryption Policy.
(10) IRM 18.104.22.168.7. New subsection for IMS users, ET Notebook.
(11) IRM 22.214.171.124. Title change to Procedures for Employment Tax Examiners Working on Large Case Audits – General.
(12) IRM 126.96.36.199.1 Provides instructions for Continuous and Industry Cases.
(13) IRM 188.8.131.52.3(3). Mid-cycle risk analysis procedures updated.
(14) IRM 184.108.40.206.5(4), (6) and (7). IDR process revised to follow IRM 4.46.4. (7) deleted as old guidance.
(15) IRM 220.127.116.11.5(11). Added information on written acknowledgment of the facts (AOF).
(16) IRM 18.104.22.168.8(2). New resource for SAIN codes for ET examiners provided.
(17) IRM 22.214.171.124.9. Title changed to Corporate Executive Compliance. Citations updated. Added that IDRS command code "IMFOLI" is required when conducting an LB&I stand-alone employment tax examination.
(18) Exhibit 4.23.4-1. New exhibit, Mandatory Items - IMS.
Director, Examination - Specialty Policy
Small Business/Self-Employed Division
This section covers workpapers generally used in employment tax examinations; other functions and operating divisions may have additional or supplemental procedures.
Unless instructed otherwise, SB/SE Employment Tax (ET) examiners will use the ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheets described in IRM 126.96.36.199, Guide for Examiners Using ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheets, developed specifically for employment tax cases.
SB/SE ET examiners working on large case audits-general will follow workpaper preparation, specific audit techniques, and case closing procedures unique to these type of audits. See IRM 188.8.131.52, Procedures for Employment Tax Examiners Working on Large Case Audits – General.
All examiners trained in the use of the Issue Management System (IMS) are required to use IMS for all case management, regardless of the type of case being worked. Use of IMS is required for all employment tax audits. See IRM 184.108.40.206, Guide for Examiners Using Issue Management System (IMS) and subsequent subsections.
The examination workpapers and reports provide the basis for the decisions reached by the ET examiner. Only on the basis of the material in the workpapers can a reviewer determine if the examination was complete and correct. The workpapers must provide explanations, analyses, and conclusions reached and should be sufficiently complete so, generally, no additional comments are needed in a transmittal letter.
Workpapers must clearly and concisely state the issue, facts, audit steps, law, taxpayer's position, and conclusion for each issue examined. In addition, workpapers must document if the following actions and/or audit steps were taken:
Interviews of appropriate parties were conducted,
All required employment tax and information returns were accurately and timely filed,
The examiner reconciled Form(s) W-2 to payroll, and
All required Form(s) 1099 were correctly filed (e.g., no worker reclassification issue exists or backup withholding is not warranted).
IRM 4.10.9, Workpaper System and Case File Assembly, also provides further guidance on workpaper preparation.
Workpapers are key in the support of all IRS positions taken when making adjustments. Properly prepared workpapers:
Support the IRS position for any appealed or litigated issue,
Document action(s) taken,
Form the bases of necessary reports,
Facilitate managerial, technical, or other review,
Facilitate authorized review by other governmental agencies, and
Provide subsequent examiners a clear audit trail and scope of the prior examination.
Workpapers are required in every examination case. Workpapers should include all evidence gathered by the examiner to show the work performed, audit techniques followed, tax law relied on, and conclusions reached. Supporting workpapers must be prepared when necessary to fully document all issues and conclusions. These supporting workpapers must be attached to the appropriate lead sheet.
As workpapers are used in the preparation of the audit report, examiners must ensure that the information contained in the workpapers is consistent with and fully supports the final conclusions reached. The workpapers will be relied upon to support the issues in appealed or litigated cases. The workpapers can be provided to a subsequent reviewer or the taxpayer when requested under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) process.
Use of the Employment Tax Lead Sheets (ETLS), will help the examiner meet all workpaper requirements. Use of stand-alone workpapers, while not prohibited, does not relieve the examiner from meeting workpaper requirements.
Properly prepared workpapers must provide adequate documentation to support conclusions. Without sufficient documentation, it is not possible for reviewers to verify that the scope of the examination is appropriate, or the basis of an adjustment is accurate. Examiners should always cite legal authority to support the conclusions (e.g., Internal Revenue Code, applicable regulations, court cases, revenue rulings and/or revenue procedures).
Workpapers must be neat, legible, clear, and concise. The legibility of examination workpapers and reports is an important aspect of the overall quality of the examination. The easier it is to read workpapers and reports, the easier it is to understand them.
Workpapers must be clearly headed:
Taxpayer identification number (TIN),
Tax period examined,
Date workpapers were prepared,
Name or initials of the examiner, and
Issues or items being examined.
Workpapers must be indexed, numbered, and securely fastened together. Index workpapers as they are prepared. If an issue cannot be fully explained on the specific lead sheet, supporting workpapers must be prepared, indexed, and attached behind the appropriate lead sheet. Supporting workpapers may be required to provide detailed explanations, analysis, schedules, and/or computations. For example, supporting workpapers would be used to schedule out wage adjustments applicable to each employee.
The volume of supporting workpapers prepared during examinations will vary depending on the size of the entity and the number and type of issues developed. While there is no fixed requirement to include specific schedules or analyses in the supporting workpapers, examiners must include enough information to support the conclusion documented on the lead sheet. Any notes taken during interviews conducted must be included in the case file as added support of the final case resolution.
Workpapers should reflect what was actually accomplished during the examination. The workpapers should not include superfluous documentation, copies of irrelevant data, or the examiner's personal opinions relating to the taxpayer or the business. For example, copies of CPA workpapers or reports should not be included in the workpapers where they do not contribute to the development of an issue. In addition, examiners should never make personal comments about a taxpayer. Remember, taxpayers always have the right to request any and all workpapers included in the case file under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).
The case file should include a well-documented, contemporaneous case history sheet. For SB/SE ET examiners using IMS, the Examining Officer’s Activity Record in IMS should be used for this purpose. For examiners not trained in IMS using the standardized lead sheets, Form 9984, Examining Officer’s Activity Record, is used for this purpose and is numbered as Workpaper 100. The case history documents:
A summary of contacts made during the examination,
All actions taken by the examiner, taxpayers and/or reviewers (e.g., manager),
Time spent on the case, and
All discussions held with the manager and decisions reached.
In addition, the case history documents:
The date and method for delivery of publications, e.g.:
- Pub 1, Your Rights as a Taxpayer,
- Pub 5146, Employment Tax Returns: Examinations and Appeal Rights,
- Notice 609, Privacy Act Notice,
- Pub 1976, Do You Qualify for Relief Under Section 530?, and, when necessary,
- Pub 5022, Fast Track Settlement - A Process for Prompt Resolution of Small Business Self Employed Tax Issues.
Any extended period of inactivity, such as leave or extended details. For all SB/SE ET examiners, a comment is required if there is no activity on a case for a period of 45 days. The comment should fully explain the reasons for inactivity.
If the case was initiated by a referral, examiners must include a printed copy of the Specialist Referral System (SRS) Referral Form in the workpapers.
ET examiners have different workpapers available depending on the type of examination being worked and the type of training received:
Examiners working non-large case employment tax examinations will use the ETLS. See IRM 220.127.116.11, Guide for Examiners Using ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheets, for specific information.
Examiners working large case employment tax examinations will use the workpapers discussed in IRM 18.104.22.168, Procedures for Employment Tax Examiners Working on Large Case Audits – General, and its subsections.
The LB&I web page Audit Tools contains links to many job aids that the ET specialist may find useful. They can be found at: http://lmsb.irs.gov/reference/audit_tools/index.asp.
Additional information is available at: http://mysbse.web.irs.gov/ExamKM/et/examreturns/default.aspx .
The ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheet templates are available at: http://mysbse.web.irs.gov/ExamKM/et/initiate/work/setting/default.aspx.
Form 4318–ET, Employment Tax Examination Workpapers - Index, is the examination workpapers cover sheet used in all employment tax cases, except for those following LB&I team audit procedures. It is used for pre-planning the examination and serves as an index to the audit workpapers. When needed, Continuation Sheet for Form 4318-ET, will be used. TE/GE examiners may use Form 5773, EP/EO Workpaper Summary Continuation Sheet, in place of Form 4318–ET.
The sections of Form 4318-ET are arranged by specific purpose:
Section 100 - 190, Administrative and Planning
Section 200 - 205, Evaluation of Records and Fraud
Section 300 - 305, Penalty Consideration
Section 400 - 499, Identified/Classified Issues
Section 500 - 599, Additional Issues
Section 600 - 999, Miscellaneous
Each section, 1XX through 3XX, has references and links to additional lead sheets.
Enter all wage adjustments by year and amount for each rate used in the "Adjustments to Wages" columns in sections 4XX and 5XX. This provides source data for report preparation and highlights adjustments for a reviewer.
The following list contains the mandatory lead sheets available in the ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheets package. Examiners must complete these mandatory workpapers in all employment tax cases, except where noted:
000: Form 4318 ET, Employment Tax Examination Workpapers – Index
100: Activity Record, Form 9984, Examining Officer's Activity Record (To be completed in IMS. See Exhibit 4.23.4-1, Mandatory Items - IMS., Item 2.)
105: Pre-Plan Administrative Lead Sheet
115: GM Concurrence Meeting Check Sheet (Optional for RA/ ROE Grades 13 and above; not required for ET Tax Compliance Officers (TCO))
120: Initial Taxpayer Contact Check Sheet
125-1: Initial Appointment Agenda
125-2: Initial Interview Questions
130-1: Multi-Year and Related Returns Lead Sheet
130-2: 1099 Filing Requirement Checks
135: Records Check List (not required on no-response (no show) cases)
150: Risk Analysis Workpaper (Not required for ET TCOs)
200: Payroll Reconciliation & Evaluation
203: Internal Controls - Tip Audits
205-1: Fraud Awareness Lead Sheet
300: Penalty Approval Form
940: Closing Documents - Closing Conference Agenda (Not required on no-response (no show) cases)
National Research Project (NRP) employment tax cases are delivered through Report Generation Software (RGS) and contain a pre-populated workpaper package in the Data Capture Instrument-1, (DCI-1). As all issues in the Employment Tax NRP study are under examination, Lead Sheets 140 and 150 are not contained in the package and not required.
Risk-based decision-making is critical to the effective allocation of limited Examination resources. Workpaper #150, Risk Analysis Workpaper, has been changed from an issue-by-issue approach to one of a global or case focus; therefore, this workpaper is not required for each new issue added or for each issue declassified – it is only required for each taxpayer/entity. This design supports the Value-Added Decision Making (80/20) concept and the Mid-Audit Decision Point (50% Rule) concept of the ETLS process.
All GS-12 and below ET specialists (except for ET TCOs) must hold a Group Manager Concurrence Meeting (GMCM) within 30 calendar days after completion of the initial appointment. During the GMCM, the examiner should be prepared to discuss:
The initial appointment and Mutual Commitment Date (MCD),
The plan for completing the case, and
The GMCM should be documented on the GM Concurrence Meeting Check Sheet (Workpaper #115).
The Issue Management System (IMS) is required to be used during employment tax examinations. IMS is designed to:
Support remotely located examiners,
Enhance issue identification,
Improve issue tracking and reporting,
Share information through a centralized data repository, and
Capture data in support of performance measures.
Examiners will establish their cases in the IMS program. When required, the IMS system can be used to:
Perform preliminary risk analysis,
Perform in-process risk analysis for issues,
Set-up and monitor case assignments,
Input and monitor issue progress and status of IDRs,
Prepare and monitor Forms 5701,
Input case documents and time information for each issue,
Generate various time reports and activity records, and
Create a next case cycle automatically populating selected information from a previous case cycle.
For more information on IMS, refer to the IMS web site at: http://lmsb.irs.gov/tps/IMS/ims_home.asp.
ET has four distinct categories of cases. Each category has different documentation requirements within IMS.
ET General Cases: Work completed using ETLS. This category includes stand-alone claims.
ET Large Cases: Work completed using LB&I team audit procedures (i.e., Form 5701, Notice of Proposed Adjustment, Form 4764A, LB&I Examination Plan, Part III - Summary of Assignments, and/or Form 4764B, LMSB Examination Plan, Part III - Examination Procedures Section (for non-ETLS process)). This category includes stand-alone claims.
IRC 3121(q) Assessment Cases (Tip Issue Only): Tip cases involving only a IRC 3121(q) assessment. Refer to IRM 22.214.171.124.3, Report Writing Procedures for Tip Exams.
Tip Agreements TRDA/TRAC/GITCA: Generally, this includes "tip rate reviews." A Tip Agreement case is not a regular tip case or tip audit, so many of the guidelines for regular examinations do not apply. Tip agreements include:
- The Tip Rate Determination Agreement (TRDA),
- Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment (TRAC),
- Employer Designed Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment (EmTRAC), and
- Gaming Industry Tip Compliance Agreement (GITCA)
Exhibit 4.23.4-1, Mandatory Items - IMS, provides a quick reference of attributes and documents that are mandatory versus optional. Any forms or documents not specifically addressed in Exhibit 4.23.4-1 are considered optional. In all cases, IMS lead sheets and workpapers should support the audit trail. Mandatory attributes or documents should be maintained within IMS; however, when warranted, the examiner may obtain and document managerial authorization to deviate from IMS/Notebook guidance. Additional information on workpapers is contained throughout IRM 4.23.4, Employment Tax - Workpapers, Employment Tax Examinations.
All case names must begin with "ET" for ease in identifying employment tax cases. To ensure consistency, all examiners will use the following naming convention when naming a case in IMS:
ET [Taxpayer Name] [Year]: (Example: ET Birch Plumbing Inc 2012)
To ensure consistency, all examiners will prepare and complete Information Document Requests (IDRs) within IMS, including annotating the Form 4564, Information Document Request, as appropriate (e.g., Date IDR Issued, Date Information due by). All Examiners will update the IDR form status and date fields via IDR Edit Status screen. The IDR form status choices will vary depending on the current status of the IDR (e.g., Issued, Received, Revoked, Closed, etc.).
To charge time to a case within IMS, each return must have an "ET 080-Administrative Procedures" issue. All other ET issues will be entered in IMS on the key return (generally, the 4th quarter return) for each tax year that the issue is examined. The time spent on the case will be charged to the examined ET issue(s) reflected on the key return(s), as appropriate. Examples of how to set up a case, its issues, and how to charge time are provided in supplemental training materials.
Tax Compliance Officers (TCO) and Tax Examiners (TE) will set up the primary issue on each return included in the examination. If other issues are found, they will be added to the key return(s) (generally, the 4th quarter return), as appropriate. The time spent on the case will be charged to the examined issue(s) reflected on the key return(s). Examples of how to set up a case, its issues, and how to charge time are provided in supplemental training materials for TCOs and TEs.
Each return must have time charged except when the return is closed using a non-examined disposal code such as Disposal Code "32" or "36" . Further detail on processing non-examined returns in IMS is provided in supplemental training material on surveys.
The IRM 126.96.36.199.2, How to Input Time on ERCS and Issue Management System (IMS), through IRM 188.8.131.52.2.2, Inputting Time Into IMS, addresses charging time. Note that employees in Employment Tax who are required to input technical time now use IMS for time input. The ERCS Group Handbook also addresses ERCS time entry and fractional hours.
The Time Sheet in IMS Client allows the IMS user to enter all categories of daily time applied, including case time and below the line time. TCOs and TEs input daily time as well as purge actions.
The Form 9984, Examining Officer’s Activity Record, in IMS Client is used to document each action taken on the Entity/Return issues. Documentation should include the date, location, time charged, and an explanation of each activity or contact. The activity record should provide a complete and concise case history. Recordation of events should be made by examiners or other employees responsible for activity on the case as warranted (e.g., group managers, engineers, clerical staff, team members, actions taken by group secretaries, etc.
IRM 184.108.40.206.38, Item. 28: Examiner’s Time, et seq., addresses the requirement to enter time on the Form 5344. Time may be charged in 15 minute increments.
Tax and Penalty Data Fields: The examiner will:
Complete the appropriate tax and penalty data fields under Entities/ERCS Closing Data TAB on the Edit Entity screen for every return/period in the IMS case; the case will not close in IMS until this closing data is entered for each return.
Reference the proprietary Employment Tax Examination Report (ETER) program and Form 5344, Examination Closing Record, for the tax and penalty amounts to enter in these data fields.
Enter the claim amounts, deficiency amounts, or over-assessments. If a data field is not applicable to the return, enter zero in the field.
Examiner will complete the "IRC section" , "Penalty" , and "Penalty Abatement" data fields. Zeros are not required in these data fields if they are not relevant or applicable to the return.
Wage Adjustment Data Fields: The examiner will:
Complete the wage adjustment data fields under each Issue on the "Adjustment Amt/Source" screen. No entries are made for any SAIN 080 Administrative Procedures Issue.
Check the applicable radio buttons for the "Flow-thru Adjustment" , "Claim" , and "Counsel Involvement" sections of the screen.
Complete the "Proposed Adjustment per Examiner Amount" by entering the largest per exam wage adjustment amount for that issue; generally, this amount is the Medicare Wage adjustment per exam. If the issue is backup withholding, the examiner will enter the per exam amount of payments subject to backup withholding prior to abatements. If the issue is a penalty, the examiner will enter the amount of the penalty. If the issue is present in more than one year, the examiner will complete the "Proposed Adjustment per Examiner Amount" field for the appropriate return(s) in that year. The examiner’s work papers will be the reference for the amounts entered in this field.
Complete the "Amount per Return" data field by entering a zero for the wage amount. For a claim, request for abatement, or audit reconsideration cases/issues, the examiner will enter the largest wage decrease requested by the taxpayer as a negative number. If the taxpayer requests a reduction or abatement of a penalty, the examiner will enter the requested penalty decrease as a negative number. The Form 941-X, Adjusted Employer's QUARTERLY Federal Tax Return or Claim for Refund, or similar form will be the reference material for amounts entered in this field.
The "Sum of 5701 Adjustments" entry applies to ET large case examinations.
Depending on the MFT on the Entity/Return, different types of closing forms (e.g., Form 5344, Examination Closing Record, Form 5351, Examination Non Examined Closings, or Form 8278, Assessment and Abatement of Miscellaneous Civil Penalties) may be required to be completed in IMS before a case file can be closed in IMS. Refer to the IMS Job Aids and check sheets on Closing Cases in IMS and Tip Compliance Cases in IMS for more information.
Examiners will close their cases in IMS to correspond with closure of the paper case file to their manager. ET Managers can then perform their reviews and indicate concurrence with the closure of cases from the group using the "Manager Concurrence" feature on the TeamWebSite (TWS) and selecting "yes" . These timely steps allow other stakeholders (e.g., Appeals, Technical Services, and Centralized Case Processing) to access cases electronically in IMS/TWS. IMS case closing procedures and processes are described in more detail in ET IMS course books, job aids, and check sheets. Additional closing procedures in IMS involving stakeholders will be provided when they are fully operational for employment tax cases.
If all workpapers are not added/uploaded/saved in IMS, examiners are reminded to include a compact disc (CD) of the downloaded closed file in the paper case file when closed to Technical Services.
Do not add/import/upload large files (over 40 megabytes per file) to IMS
Do not import databases of any size (e.g., a Microsoft Access file) or IRS databases (e.g., IRPTR-I or IRAS)
Examiners may add/import/upload reports generated from databases
Do not import zipped files of any size; they cannot be unzipped within IMS
Do not import password-protected files; they are not viewable on the Team Website
Examiners may add/import/upload encrypted files directly from the Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) folder in IMS
The Notebook tool is used in conjunction with IMS for all cases worked within SB/SE Employment Tax. Notebook provides ET examiners with a standard library of current mandatory reports, administrative forms, and letters. Notebook decreases data entry and errors by pre-populating numerous commonly entered data fields in these documents with data imported from IMS along with information entered directly in Notebook.
The Notebook currently houses the following items:
Employment Tax Examination Report (ETER) program,
Employment Tax Lead Sheet (ETLS) program,
Form SS-10, Consent to Extend the Time to Assess Employment Taxes, package,
P9 Information Return Penalty package,
Payment Input workbook, and
Forms and Letters Library.
ET examiners will be required to use Notebook for any new cases started (placed in Status 12) after October 1, 2016.
For employment tax purposes, there are three types of large case audits:
Continuous exams using a team approach (ET and LB&I Income Tax are involved in the audit),
Industry Case (IC) exams using a team approach (ET and LB&I Income Tax are involved in the audit), and
LB&I stand-alone ET audits (Only ET is involved in the audit).
All ET examiners working on Continuous and IC examinations must follow LB&I audit procedures. Examiners working LB&I stand-alone employment tax audits may use either the procedures discussed below or the ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheets, covered in IRM 220.127.116.11. The sections included in IRM 18.104.22.168 will provide guidance specific to LB&I procedures, including:
Pre-examination analysis and audit plan requirements,
Requests for Additional Time,
Information Document Request (IDR) preparation,
Form 5701, Notice of Proposed Adjustment preparation,
Issue Lead Sheet,
Package Audit, and
Examiners must prepare an individual Form 4564 , Information Document Requests (IDR), for each issue being developed, and a Form 5701, Notice of Proposed Adjustment (NOPA), for each issue adjusted.
The examiner will create Form 13744, Examiner’s Risk Analysis Worksheet.
The examiner will create an audit plan for large case examinations consisting of examination workpaper cover sheets:
Form 4764-A, LB&I Examination Plan, Part III - Summary of Assignments, and
Form 4764-B, LB&I Examination Plan, Part III - Examination Procedures.
Form 4764-IC, LB&I Examination Plan for Industry Case (IC) Audits, is also available for use by ET examiners but is not required. It does not replace either Form 4764-A or Form 4764-B. These forms are used for employment tax pre-examination planning and as the lead sheets to the audit workpapers and audit results.
For further guidance, examiners should refer to IRM 4.10.9, Workpaper System and Case File Assembly, and IRM 4.46, LB&I Examination Process.
The examination plan (audit plan) provides the following information:
Agreements with the taxpayer,
Information for Service personnel,
Examination procedures, and
Examiners are required to prepare an audit plan. The due date of the plan will be agreed upon by the LB&I coordinator (or LB&I case manager if no LB&I coordinator), and ET specialist. The plan is prepared by the team coordinator using Form 4764, LB&I Examination Plan. In those cases where only an employment tax examination is being conducted, it will be the responsibility of the ET specialist to complete the relevant portions of Form 4764. The form should contain:
Name of entity,
Brief description of the examination assignment,
Planned start and completion dates of the ET examination,
Issues being examined shown by SAIN (Standard Audit Index Number), and
A description of the specific examination techniques to be used.
Refer to IRM 22.214.171.124.1, Mandatory Workpapers, for the forms used in creating audit plans for Continuous and IC examinations. ET specialists working LB&I stand-alone employment tax audits may follow LB&I procedures or use the ETLS - Employment Tax Lead Sheets, covered in IRM 126.96.36.199. In those cases, it is the responsibility of the ET specialist to complete the relevant portions of Form 4764 or use the optional method described for IC examinations in IRM 188.8.131.52.6, IC Examination Plan.
The taxpayer will be given a copy of the audit plan and such action should be documented in the Examining Officer’s Activity Record.
During the pre-planning stages of the examination, the examiner should review a copy of the income tax return filed by the taxpayer to determine if there are any large, unusual or questionable (LUQ) employment tax issues. The relevant pages of the return should be included in the closed ET case file. Relevant pages may include, but are not limited to:
First four pages of Form 1120, U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return
Form 851, Affiliations Schedule,
Consolidated schedule of income and deductions,
Statement of "Other Deductions,"
Schedule M-1, Reconciliation of Income (Loss) per Books With Income per Return,
Schedule M-2, Analysis of Unappropriated Retained Earnings per Books, and
Schedule M-3, Net Income (Loss) Reconciliation for Corporations With Total Assets of $10 Million or More.
In addition to reviewing the related income tax return, the examiner should review taxpayer historical files as well as any prior employment tax audit reports for potential issues. Verification that all required returns were filed can be completed by securing the IDRS command code "BMFOL" and placed in case file for documentation. IDRS command code "BMFOLZ" can be used to determine if there were any prior employment tax examinations.
An officer of a corporation must sign either the communications agreement contained in the Audit Plan or any other type of written authorization that designates the persons with whom the examination team can communicate. A copy of the written authorization must be included and documented in the ET case file.
Risk-based decision-making is critical to the effective allocation of limited Examination resources. A risk assessment must be conducted with the initial planning of the examination, when 50 percent of the case time has been reached, and when a significant event occurs.
The first risk analysis is prepared during the initial planning phase of the examination. Depending on materiality and/or compliance considerations, the risk analysis can be done on an issue-by-issue or a case basis.
Form 13744, Examiner’s Risk Analysis Worksheet, should be completed as part of the pre-audit analysis
Case Manager must approve all risk analyses
Mid-cycle risk analysis is required on all Continuous examinations and must be approved by the Team Manager. Mid-Cycle risk analysis is optional on IC cases and stand-alone employment tax audits with an Estimated Completion Date (ECD) of less than 12 months. Should the ECD of an IC case be extended to exceed 12 months, an updated risk assessment is required. Refer to (2) and (3) of IRM 184.108.40.206.6, Documenting The Risk Analysis.
The mid-cycle risk analysis includes time applied and indicates if additional time is needed. It also covers the number of Forms 5701, Notice of Proposed Adjustment, issued plus the number of Form 4564, Information Document Requests (IDRs), issued and outstanding. The examiner should also state the potential tax liability by issue and by year, and provide a brief assessment of the audit.
After the agent completes the mid-cycle risk analysis, it may be apparent that additional time is needed to complete the examination. If the examiner needs more time than was originally planned, provide an explanation of why additional time is warranted and how much additional time is needed to complete the examination.
The SB/SE ET team manager and the LB&I case manager must approve a request for additional time.
All requests for information should be specific, clear, and concise, and must be in writing using Form 4564, Information Document Request (IDR).
Prior to issuing an IDR, the examiner should discuss with the taxpayer and the team coordinator the specific information that is needed. The taxpayer may be able to explain what type of information is available and may suggest a preferred wording for the IDR. Conferring with the team coordinator also ensures that the ET examiner does not ask for already available information.
The team coordinator may determine the numbering system used for all IDRs issued. An IDR log is maintained to provide a source for assigning numbers and to monitor response times.
Three copies of each IDR request are printed; One is given to the taxpayer, one is given to the team coordinator, and one is maintained in the examiner's case file. IMS can be used for this purpose. Refer to IRM 220.127.116.11.1, General IDR Procedures.
IDRs should generally include only one issue or subject. This results in a faster turnaround time since information covering multiple topics may need to come from several sources.
The IDR Management Process is used for all cases. Examiners should follow both the general IDR procedures and enforcement IDR procedures found in IRM Exhibit 4.46.4-1, Requirements for Issuing IDRs, and Exhibit 4.46.4-2, IDR Enforcement Process.
The IDR process states that a reasonable response time to each IDR is determined when the draft IDR is discussed with the Taxpayer, prior to final IDR issuance. The importance of timely responses is emphasized as it improves cycle time and promotes earlier issue resolution. Refer to IRM 18.104.22.168, Information Document Request Process, IRM Exhibit 4.46.4-1, and IRM Exhibit 4.46.4-2.
IDR procedures established by LB&I will be followed by the ET examiner working with the LB&I income tax team. On May 1, 2014, SB/SE Employment Tax adopted the LB&I process for issuing IDR(s) and the IDR Enforcement Process covered in the LB&I directive, Updated Guidance for Examiners on Information Document Requests Enforcement Process, LB&I-04-0214-004, for all team audits conducted on LB&I taxpayers. The memorandum is available on the irs.gov website at: http://www.irs.gov/Businesses/Large-Business-and-International-Directive-on-Information-Document-Requests-Enforcement-Process.
The mandatory Enforcement Process has three graduated steps:
Delinquency Notice (Letter 5077, Delinquency Notice)
Pre-Summons Letter (Letter 5078, Pre Summons)
If an ET examiner issues a Pre-Summons Letter or Summons under this process, the examiner must contact their local Tax Exempt/Government Entity (TEGE) Counsel for support, not LB&I Counsel. TEGE Counsel will contact LB&I Counsel for assistance and coordination as needed. If LB&I Counsel personnel are assigned to the case, the ET examiner must still use local TEGE Counsel.
The process does not preclude the examination team from using judgment on a case-by-case basis. Continuous collaboration is needed to reach realistic due dates and dates can be revised based upon the facts and circumstances. A detailed description of the IDR Management Process can be found at IRM 22.214.171.124, Information Document Request Process and IRM Exhibit 4.46.4-1, Requirements for Issuing IDRs. The IDR Enforcement Process procedures can be found at IRM Exhibit 4.46.4-2, IDR Enforcement Process.
If the taxpayer does not agree with the examiner’s determination and the issue is likely to be appealed, prepare a Form 886-A containing the facts and solicit the taxpayer’s written acknowledgment of the facts (AOF). Refer to IRM 126.96.36.199.3, Issue the Form 886-A with a Pro-Forma IDR. ET Specialists on team audits with the LB&I income tax team will generally use the AOF; ET Specialists working stand-alone employment tax audits can follow AOF at their discretion.
All adjustments are proposed on a Form 5701, Notice of Proposed Adjustment, as they are developed. This form serves as a cover sheet to Form 886–A, Explanation of Adjustments, which is attached to fully explain the basis for proposing each adjustment.
Potential adjustments should be discussed with the team coordinator and the taxpayer prior to issuing the notice.
The ET team manager reviews and signs the Form(s) 5701. This signature indicates the team manager has accepted the examiner’s position on the issue. A Territory Manager’s approval/signature is required on all Form(s) 5701 involving issues on:
Industry Cases (IC) with adjustments of $10 million or more
Continuous Examination Cases with adjustments of $50 million or more
The Form(s) 5701 and Form(s) 886-A are attached to the final audit report.
Form 4764-B, LB&I Examination Plan, Part III - Examination Procedures Section, is the lead sheet describing the audit procedures applied and the conclusions reached for each issue. It should
Be properly headed,
Include a discussion of the applicable law,
Document the audit trail, and
Lead to a clear and logical conclusion.
Supporting documentation should be attached as a workpaper when further explanation is needed to support the conclusions reached.
Lead sheets also serve as an index for any workpapers that relate to a specific issue. All workpapers should be numbered, indexed, and referenced to the issue lead sheet.
Workpapers should be organized by SAIN number. This will ensure all team members' audit case files are organized in a consistent manner, allowing for ease of review by the team coordinator, team managers, and others.
SAIN codes for ET examiners can be found by referring to the job aid "IMS 3.9.4 SAIN and UIL Codes Job Aid for ET," issued annually with each new IMS version’s deployment. It is available via "SBSE Knowledge Management" under "IMS resources."
In support of the LB&I Executive Compensation Strategy, ET specialists are required to inspect officers' and key executives’ returns for audit potential and verify up-to-date filing using IDRS command code "IMFOLI" when conducting an LB&I stand-alone employment tax examination. If issues are found, Form 5346, Exam Information Report, will be completed and forwarded per local procedures. Additional guidance on inspection of officers' returns is found in Exhibit 4.46.3-6,Inspection of Corporate Officers and "Key" Executive Returns. Also see Corporate Executive Compliance at: http://www.irs.gov/Businesses/Corporations/Corporate-Executive-Compliance.
For Continuous Examination cases, the employment tax audit workpapers will remain at the audit site. At the conclusion of the examination, they will be archived by the team manager along with the workpapers of the other team members. The workpapers provide important historical information and are valuable for any subsequent cycles that may be opened.
For other large case examinations, workpapers are included in the closed employment tax case file.
When closing a related case at the same time as the primary/key case file, the required administrative workpapers do not need to be duplicated in the related case files if:
The related cases are being closed from the group at the same time, and
The returns are properly linked on the Examination Returns Control System (ERCS) and identified as being either the Primary/Key Return or the Related Return.
|Attributes and Documents||ET General Cases||ET Large Cases||3121q Assessment Cases (Tip Issue Only)||Tip Agreements TRDA/TRAC/GITCA|
|General Case Requirements|
|1||Audit Plan - Forms 4764A and B||Optional||Mandatory||Optional||Optional|
|2||Case Activity Record - (Using Form 9984 within IMS)||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory|
|3||Closing Agreements (including CSP Agreements) - Signed and Scanned||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Appendices Mandatory|
|4||ETER Package - ET Examination Report (All Forms 2504, 4666, 4667, 4668)||Mandatory||Mandatory||Form 4666 only||N/A|
|5||ETER signed and scanned Form 2504, if applicable||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A||N/A|
|6||ETLS or other types of leadsheet / workpaper packages||Mandatory||Optional||Mandatory||Mandatory|
|7||Form(s) 3198 (via ETER or other source)||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|
|8||Appropriate Closing Document: Form 5344, Form 5351, or Form 8278||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|
|9||Form(s) 5701 (Notice of Proposed Adjustment) with Narrative||Optional||Mandatory||Optional||N/A|
|10||Fraud Cases: Forms 11661 and 2797 - signed and scanned||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|
|11||Information Document Requests (IDR) with status changes and dates as appropriate||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory, if applicable|
|12||Letters 3263 and 3264 (Notice/Demand)||Mandatory, if applicable||Mandatory, if applicable||Mandatory||N/A|
|14||SS-10 Package (SS-10, Letters 907, 929)||Optional||Optional||Optional||N/A|
|15||SS-10 Signed and scanned, if applicable||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|
|16||Secure Messaging MOU and Personnel Routing Checksheet||N/A||Optional||N/A||Mandatory|
|17||Supporting workpapers for any issue adjusted, including Form 886A, if prepared||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory|
|18||Taxpayer/Representative Contact Information (Taxpayer Contacts section in IMS)||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory|
|20||Timekeeping within IMS||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory|
|21||Tip Rate Calculations, McQuatters, Form 14439 and/or Tip Rate Templates||Mandatory, if applicable||Mandatory, if applicable||Mandatory||Mandatory|
|Unagreed Case Requirements: In addition to the items noted above, the following are always mandatory|
|22||All Relevant Workpapers||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|
|23||Letter 950 - Employment Tax 30-Day Letter||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|
|25||Required Information used for Preparation of Letter 3523, Notice of Determination, if applicable||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|
|26||Form 4665, if applicable||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||N/A|