- 5.19.3 Backup Withholding Program
- 220.127.116.11 Backup Withholding Program ("B" and "C" Programs) Overview
- 18.104.22.168 What Are the "B" and "C" BWH Programs?
- 22.214.171.124 "B" and "C" BWH Programs Research
- 126.96.36.199.1 BWH Technical Inquiries
- 188.8.131.52.1.1 BWH Missing TINs
- 184.108.40.206.2 Taxpayer Advocate Program Criteria
- 220.127.116.11 "B" and "C" BWH Program Procedures
- 18.104.22.168.1 TIN-Related "B" BWH Notices (CP2100 and CP 2100A)
- 22.214.171.124.1.1 "B" BWH First Notification
- 126.96.36.199.1.2 "B" BWH Second Notification
- 188.8.131.52.1.3 Taxpayer Replies to CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice
- 184.108.40.206.1.4 "B" BWH Undeliverable Notification
- 220.127.116.11.1.5 "B" BWH Recreated Notification Request
- 18.104.22.168.1.6 e-Services Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) Matching Program
- 22.214.171.124.2 Underreporter/Nonfiler "C" BWH Notices
- 126.96.36.199.2.1 Reportable Payments Subject to "C" BWH
- 188.8.131.52.2.2 "C" BWH Supplemental Notices
- 184.108.40.206.2.3 "C" BWH Status Indicators and Module Conditions
- 220.127.116.11.2.4 Processing "C" BWH Notices Responses
- 18.104.22.168.2.5 "C" BWH Undeliverable Processing
- 22.214.171.124.2.6 IDRS Actions for "C" BWH Notices
- 126.96.36.199.2.7 BWH "C" Program Annual Analysis
- 188.8.131.52.2.8 Requests to Stop Underreporter "C" BWH
- 184.108.40.206.2.9 "C" BWH Satisfying Transactions
- 220.127.116.11.2.10 "C" BWH Suspending Transactions
- 18.104.22.168.2.11 "C" BWH Procedures
- 22.214.171.124.2.12 TC 971 AC 190 Action on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC use only
- 126.96.36.199.2.13 BWH Error List from TC 971 AC 190 Inputs (CSCO KCSC and PSC use only)
- 188.8.131.52.2.14 Further Considerations When in "C" BWH Subject Status
- 184.108.40.206.2.15 Request for List of Payees Subject to "C" BWH
- Exhibit 5.19.3-1 Taxpayer Inquiries for BWH "B" Program
- Exhibit 5.19.3-2 Taxpayer Inquiries for BWH "C" Program
- Exhibit 5.19.3-3 IMF Balance Due (BD) Accounts
- Exhibit 5.19.3-4 IMF Return Delinquency (RD) Accounts
- Exhibit 5.19.3-5 TC 924 Reference Number Break Down
Part 5. Collecting Process
Chapter 19. Liability Collection
Section 3. Backup Withholding Program
November 05, 2015
(1) This transmits revised IRM 5.19.3, Liability Collection, Backup Withholding Program. ["B" and "C" procedures.]
IRM 5.19.3 is issued to Small Business/Self Employed Collection employees for guidance on the Backup Withholding Program procedures and compliance issues.
The Backup Withholding Program includes BWH -"B" and -"C" , Incorrect/Missing TIN(s) and BWH-C Balance Due, Nonfiler/Underreporter.
(1) IPU 14U1651 issued 12-04-14.
IRM 220.127.116.11.1 - (2) Tin-Related B BWH Notices (CP 2100 and CP 2100A) section rewritten for clarity.
IRM 18.104.22.168.1.2 - B BWH Second Notification section was revised to include updated procedures.
IRM 22.214.171.124.1.5 - B BWH Recreated Notification Request section was modified to include Call site phone numbers.
(2) Formatting and editorial changes throughout the document.
Background - (1) remove reference to Wage and Investment and (2) correct spelling of “Non-filer”.
IRM 126.96.36.199 (4) - delete word “Compliance” and add Collection, add service center abbreviations and delete reference to “SB/SE and W&I”
IRM 188.8.131.52 - (1) add IRC citation and rewrite section for clarity.
IRM 184.108.40.206.2.2 - insert note with IRM citation.
IRM 220.127.116.11.2.8 - delete (3) and add as note under (2d).
IRM 18.104.22.168.2.11 - (4) delete reference to SB/SE and W&I and update IRM citation.
IRM 22.214.171.124.2.15 - (3) update IRM citation.
Exhibit 5.19.3-1 - update citation in answer 4, add note in answer 10, and formatting changes.
Exhibit 5.19.3-2 - clarify questions and answers
Exhibit 5.19.3-3 - delete reference to SB/SE and W&I.
Exhibit 5.19.3-4 - delete reference to SB/SE and W&I and update IRM citation.
Collection Inventory Delivery and Selection
Small Business/Self Employed
The objective of the Backup Withholding (BWH) program is to ensure payers withhold tax from certain Form 1099 income when taxpayers have underreported their income, or incorrectly reported a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) to the payer. Internal Revenue Code (IRC) 3406 authorizes the withholding of tax for the BWH program.
Backup Withholding "B" and "C" are the two programs that require payers to withhold at the backup withholding rate from recipients’ (payees’) payment of Form 1099 income.
The backup withholding rate is 28% for payments made after December 31, 2002.
Employees in Collection and Accounts Management functions may receive inquiries from taxpayers regarding Backup Withholding on their income. Only BWH employees in the Philadelphia (PSC) and Kansas City (KCSC)Collection functions are authorized to make changes to the Backup Withholding indicator. The IRMs below offer additional function specific guidance on the program.
IRM 4.5 - TE/GE Aims Manual
IRM 4.19 - Liability Determination
IRM 4.23 - Employment Tax
IRM 5.19 - Liability Collection
IRM 21.3 - Taxpayer Contacts
IRM 21.7 - Business Tax Returns and Non-Master File Accounts
IRM 21.8 - International
The "B" BWH program, (Regulation 31.3406(d)-5) and IRC 3406(a) provides notices to payers (a financial institution, business or person) who file certain information returns with incorrect Taxpayer Identification Numbers (TINs). The notices, CP 2100 and CP 2100A, advise payers that backup withholding could become necessary if payees (recipients of Forms 1099) fail to certify their TIN. The CP 2100 and CP 2100A Notices also list accounts with missing TIN's on which payers should have been backup withholding under section 3406 (a) (1) (A). Payers with missing TIN accounts should not wait to receive a CP 2100 or CP 2100A to begin backup withholding. The "B" program includes Forms 1099-B, DIV, INT, K, MISC, OID, PATR information returns.
The "C" BWH program (Regulation 31.3406 (c)–1) provides notices to payees (recipient of Forms 1099 below) who have underreported their interest or dividend income or failed to file a tax return reporting such income when required. These notices inform the payee what must be done to prevent BWH. See IRM 126.96.36.199.2.2 , "C" BWH Supplemental Notices, for an explanation of notices sent to payees and payers for the BWH "C" program. The "C" program includes Forms 1099-DIV, INT, OID, and PATR information returns.
Underreporter-related BWH "C" requires payers to withhold at the backup withholding rate on interest and dividends to payees if the payee has failed to correctly report these payments on an income tax return. If a payee fails to file a return (nonfiler) it is considered unreported income and may also be subject to the undereporter related BWH "C" .
You will be responsible for providing the payee/payer with an explanation of BWH, the reason for the notice, and advising the payee/payer how to resolve the problem. When you receive a payee/payer contact (phone, walk-in, correspondence) you must first determine what BWH program the taxpayer is contacting you about. See IRM 5.19.3-1, Taxpayer Inquiries for BWH "B" , and IRM 5.19.3-2, Taxpayer Inquiries for BWH "C" , for reference charts of notice actions.
Research using IDRS command code TXMOD or CFOL command code IMFOL to determine what type of notice was received by the taxpayer. See IRM 5.19.3-3, IMF Balance Due (BD) Accounts, and IRM 5.19.3-4, IMF Return Delinquency (RD) Accounts, for a quick reference chart of BWH "C " Program notice actions.
The BWH notification statement appears as a "pop-up" paragraph on existing IRS notices (i.e. Balance Due, Underreporter, Return Delinquency and Exam notices) and forms if the taxpayer is potentially subject to BWH.
You can identify "C" BWH cases on IDRS when a TC 140 is present on a return delinquency case, and either a TC 922 or TC 300 appears on balance due cases. A TC 924 with the amount of IRP income, the cycles of all BWH-related (AUR, Return delinquency, Exam, Balance Due or Unique BWH) notices, and a three-digit reference number will appear on both types of cases. See IRM 5.19.3-5, TC 924 Reference Number Break Down, for the meaning of each of the three position reference numbers for TC 924.
A literal BWH indicator shows on CFOL CC IMFOL which reads the current Individual Master File (IMF) or IDRS CC screens. The literal shows the current IDRS BWH status and is updated periodically.
The BWH status codes and definitions are:
0 — No BWH consideration.
1 — Potentially liable (BWH notices will be issued).
2 — Subject to BWH (payer is withholding on reportable payments).
4 — Account satisfied (BWH condition satisfied when the account module becomes compliant when in potential status, or in any status when a manual stop is input).
8 — BWH suspended (BWH actions suspended for a period of time).
The following indicates the "B" Program (see Section 3.4):
First or second CP 2100 or CP 2100A and listing received by a payer.
The following indicates the "C" program (see Section 3.4.2):
CP 531, CP 538, CP 539, CP 540, CP 541 received by a payee.
CP 543, CP 544 and CP 545 received by a payer.
Once you have determined which program is involved, refer to the appropriate sections of this IRM for additional information.
Taxpayers with balances due or delinquent returns that are potentially subject to BWH under the "C" program must satisfy all outstanding BWH-related accounts to avoid imposition of BWH. Only account modules either in potential or subject BWH status must be compliant. Any other tax year modules that did not have underreporting of interest or dividend income do not have to be compliant.
An extension of time to pay or an installment agreement does not stop BWH.
If an installment agreement (IA) is granted, the taxpayer should be advised that BWH will continue until the account is paid in full.
If the taxpayer has an IA in good standing, and is experiencing a specific/imminent hardship, advise the taxpayer he/she may receive relief by having the case accepted into the Taxpayer Advocate program. Refer to IRM 188.8.131.52.2, Taxpayer Advocate Program Criteria; and IRM 13.1.7, Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Case Criteria, for criteria qualifying for Taxpayer Advocate Handling.
BWH may be imposed on the taxpayer prior to expiration of the agreement when the agreement period will exceed the time remaining in the BWH notice routine.
An account reported as Currently Not Collectible (CNC) will not prevent BWH.
See IRS Pub 1281, Backup Withholding for Missing and Incorrect TINs - Including Instructions for Magnetic Tape, for common questions/answers on the "B" notice program. If you cannot answer questions from payers about the "B" BWH notice incorrect/missing TIN program, refer callers to the IRP Centralized Call Site in Martinsburg, WV, TOLL FREE (866) 455–7438 or (304) 263-8700 (Not TOLL FREE).
Campus employees may receive copies of taxpayer CP 2100 or CP 2100 A Notices attached to written correspondence. Provide an explanation to the taxpayer via IDRS Letter 3667C, "Respond To CP2100/2100A Notice" .
See IRM 5.19.3-2, Taxpayer Inquiries for BWH C, for common questions/answers on the "C" BWH notice program. The following questions from taxpayers/payees about the "C" underreporter/nonfiler program should be referred to the Examination function according to local procedures:
Determinations of whether transactions meet the requirements under specific IR code sections.
Issues relating to "forward contracts" or "regulated futures contracts"
Issues involving foreign currency transactions
Questions involving the determination of whether an alien is an "exempt foreign person"
Determinations of whether income is considered foreign or U.S. source income.
A TIN may be a:
Social Security Number (SSN)
Employer Identification Number (EIN)
Adoption Taxpayer Identification Number (ATIN)
Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN)
The IRS considers a TIN missing if it was not provided. Also, a missing TIN is one that was provided BUT is obviously incorrect. Backup withholding should already be imposed on missing TIN's.
A TIN can ONLY have nine (9) numbers. If it has more or less than nine numbers or contains an alpha character, it is obviously incorrect and is a missing TIN.
Taxpayers meeting Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) criteria will get priority handling.
Refer to IRM 13.1.7, Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Case Criteria, for criteria qualifying for Taxpayer Advocate handling.
Refer taxpayers to TAS when the contact meets TAS criteria and you can't resolve the taxpayer's issue the same day. The definition of "same day" is within 24 hours. "Same day" cases include cases you can completely resolve in 24 hours, as well as cases in which you have taken steps within 24 hours to begin resolving the taxpayer's issue. Do not refer "same day" cases to TAS unless the taxpayer asks to be transferred to TAS and the case meets TAS criteria. Refer to IRM 184.108.40.206, Same-Day Resolution by Operations. When you refer cases to TAS, use Form 911, Request for Taxpayer Advocate Service Assistance (and Application for Taxpayer Assistance Order), and forward to TAS.
The following subsections explain the "B" and "C" BWH program procedures.
The purpose of the CP 2100 and CP 2100A Notices is to tell payers they may be responsible for BWH. The CP 2100 is issued as a paper notice, CD or DVD file. . The CP 2100A Notice is only issued in a paper format. The notices are accompanied by a list(s) of missing and/or incorrect payee name/TIN combinations. Missing TIN's identified on notice/listing must have already imposed backup withholding status. The payer must not wait until a notice is received to impose backup withholding.
The CP 2100 Notice is sent to large payers (those that have 250 or more missing and/or incorrect payee name/TIN combinations on the lists) on a CD or DVD file. A paper CP 2100 Notice is sent to Mid-size payers (those that have less than 250, but more than 50 missing and/or incorrect payee name/TIN combinations). A paper CP 2100A Notice is sent to small payers (those that have less than 50 missing and/or incorrect payee name/TIN combinations, and at least one Form 1099-MISC with a dollar tolerance of≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ or with attorney fees present)..
A payer who receives a CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice should compare the list(s) to his or her business records.
If a payee name/TIN combination on the list(s) DOES NOT AGREE with what is on the payer’s records, this could be the result of a recent update, a payer error in submission, or an IRS processing error.
A payer should correct/update his or her records. THE PAYER DOES NOT HAVE TO DO ANYTHING ELSE. He or she is not required to write or call the campus (or the Information Reporting Program Call Site in Martinsburg, WV) to say that he or she made the correction/update.
If a payee name/TIN combination on the list(s) AGREES with the payer’s records, he or she must determine whether this is the "first" or "second" time within three calendar years that he or she was notified by IRS that the name/TIN combination was incorrect (two notices received during the same year count as one notice). The actions a payer must take are different for the first and second notification.
A payer should send a First "B" Notice, a copy of Form W–9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification (or an acceptable substitute), and an optional reply envelope to the payee within 15 business days from the date of the CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice or the date they received it (whichever is later).
A payer should include the return date on the First "B" Notice which is no later than 30 business days after the date of the CP 2100 or CP 2100A notice or the date they received it (whichever is later).
A payer must clearly mark the outer envelope with "IMPORTANT TAX INFORMATION ENCLOSED" or "IMPORTANT TAX RETURN DOCUMENT ENCLOSED."
A payer must begin BWH on payments made to payees who do not respond to the First "B" Notice by returning a signed W-9 by the return date specified on the "B" notice, which must provide a 30 business day time frame. The payer may begin BWH on payments to payees listed on the CP 2100/CP 2100A after notices are sent.
A payer must stop BWH within 30 calendar days after receiving the Form W–9 from the payee.
A payer should update his or her records with the corrected information received from the payee and include it on any future information returns (Forms 1099) he or she may file.
A payer should send the Second "B" Notice and an optional reply envelope to the payee within 15 business days from the date of the CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice or the date they received it (whichever is later).
A payer must include the return date on the Second "B" Notice which is no later than 30 business days from the date of the CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice or the date they received it (whichever is later).
A payer must clearly mark the outer envelope with "IMPORTANT TAX INFORMATION ENCLOSED" or "IMPORTANT TAX RETURN DOCUMENT ENCLOSED"
The payee may need to contact the Social Security Administration (SSA) to validate an SSN or the IRS to validate an EIN. This validation must be provided to the payer within 30 business days from the date of the Second "B" Notice to avoid BWH.
If TIN is an SSN:
The payee must provide the payor with a copy of their Social Security card. The Social Security card must show their correct name/SSN combination that differs from the name and SSN combination appearing on the Second "B" notice or it must show a date of issuance that is no earlier than six months prior to the date on the notice.
If the payee does not have a card meeting the requirement in item a, above, they must obtain a new or replacement Social Security card by submitting SSA Form SS-5 to the SSA in person or by mail. That form and further information regrading application for a Social Security card is available at ssa.gov.
Once the payee receives their Social Security card, they must make a copy of the card and send the copy directly to the payor with a copy of the Second "B" notice attached.
If the TIN is an EIN:
The payee must write to the service center where he or she files his or her tax return, Attn: Entity Section, and ask for IRS Letter 147C, EIN Previously Assigned. He or she must enclose a copy of the Second "B" Notice with the request.
When the payer receives a copy of the Letter 147C, he or she should update his or her business records and use the corrected information on any future information returns (Forms 1099) he or she may file.
If a payer does not receive the required validation (social security card meeting the requirements above) within 30 business days, he or she must begin BWH on payments made to the payee if he is not already withholding. The payer may begin BWH on payments to the payee during the 30 business day period.
When the payer receives the required validation, he or she must stop BWH within 30 calendar days.
Campus employees may receive correspondence from taxpayers who receive a CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice and listing.
Refer taxpayers to Pub 1281, Backup Withholding for Missing and Incorrect TIN(s) (Including Instructions for reading tape cartridges), if necessary.
For replies received without original documents, i.e., copy of payee Form W-9, classify waste the reply and send the taxpayer IDRS Letter 3667C, Respond to CP2100/2100A Notice. This letter advises the payer that they are not required to send the information to the campus.
For replies received with original documents, i.e., original CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice, listing or original payee Form W-9, return the original documents to the taxpayer using IDRS Letter 2766C, Notice CP2100/2100A Backup Withholding Explained.
Research for a different address using IDRS. If a new address is found, mail the CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice and listing to the new address of record.
Do not change the original date on the undeliverable notice. Filers will have 15 business days from the date of receipt to complete all "B" notice mailings.
If no other address is found, DO NOT file the undeliverable notice, listing, and original envelope. Classify Waste the undelivered notice, listing and original envelope.
Annotate the IDRS ENMOD history with the action taken as follows:
CP 2100 (or CP 2100A) UDnewadd mm/dd/year or,
CP 2100 (or CP 2100A) UDnonewadd mm/dd/year.
Filers may contact the IRP Centralized Call Site to request recreated copies of CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notices. These requests may be received at any time after the initial mailing of each notice. If a call/request comes into the campus requesting a recreated notice, please refer that contact to the IRP Centralized Call Site in Martinsburg, WV, TOLL FREE, (866) 455-7438 or (304) 263-8700 (NOT TOLL FREE). The request will be entered into the Notice Recreate System (NRS) at the IRP Centralized Call Site. The individual campuses will be responsible for all paper recreated notices and mailing out of notices processed by the NRS. Each campus having recreated notices will receive a bi-weekly print tape. National Office will be responsible for older (TY-3 and TY-4) paper recreates not processed within the NRS System until such time as the NRS System inventory data is loaded inclusive thru TY-4. The IRP Centralized Call Site is responsible for all tape recreated notices.
For campus paper notices: Bi-weekly
When an individual campus has at least one recreated notice, an E-mail will be automatically generated by the system to the Management Support Branch Analyst responsible for BWH Program. The IRP Centralized Call Site analyst will be the sender of the E-mail message to the respective campus location.
Campus locations are required to print, manually stuff, and mail all recreated notice requests received for paper listings of missing and/or incorrect TINs throughout the calendar year as they are received. Each Management Support Branch analyst must respond to the automatic E-mail confirming the mail out of the recreated notices. The recreated notice must be sent to the customer within 7-10 business days of the automated E-mail date.
For tape notices: Bi-weekly
The IRP Centralized Call Site will fill all requests received for tape listings of missing and/or incorrect TINs within the four year retention period (i.e., 4 years from original CP 2100/CP 2100A Notice Date).
Request for tape recreates received by individual campuses must be routed through the Management Support Branch Analyst to the IRP Centralized Call Site.
Payers who receive a CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice may be assessed penalties for filing Forms 1099 with incorrect or missing TINs when filing their annual Information Returns.
Prior to filing annual Information Returns with the IRS, payers of reportable payments subject to backup withholding under IRC 3406 (b) may be eligible to match payee name/TIN combinations against IRS records through the TIN Matching program.
Payers of reportable payments reported on Forms 1099 B, DIV, INT, K, MISC, OID and PATR, are eligible if they have filed these Information Returns with the IRS in one of the two past tax years and, are listed in the Payer Authorization File (PAF).
The Payer Authorization File contains tax filing records on all payers filing Information Returns.
Taxpayers who have under reported their interest or dividend income or failed to file a tax return reporting such income when required, are identified for BWH by:
Examination during routine audit processing
Return delinquency checks which identify taxpayers who receive interest or dividend income, but fail to file a return
CP 2000 Underreporter Program (URP)
Payments are generally considered made when they are credited to the taxpayer’s account.
Reportable payments subject to the "C" program are:
Interest Income — reported on Form 1099–INT, Statement for Recipients of Interest Income
Dividend Income — reported on Form 1099–DIV, Statement for Recipients of Dividend Distributions
Patronage Dividends — reported on Form 1099–PATR, Statement for Recipients of Taxable Distributions Received from Cooperatives
Original Issue Discount — reported on Form 1099–OlD, Statement for Recipients of Original Issue Discount
The (CP 531) "C" BWH notice and other separate (CP 538/CP 539/CP 540/CP 541/CP 542/CP 543/CP 544/CP 545) "C" BWH notices include a notification statement, but do not include account or balance due information. Only Balance Due, AUR, and Exam notices with a BWH paragraph explaining the underreported or missing interest/dividend income, will show the balance due information if previously assessed. The Return Delinquency notices (CP 516 and CP 518) will only contain a "pop-up" BWH paragraph explaining the need to file the tax return(s) to report interest/dividend income.
The taxpayer will receive at least two notices from either Return Delinquency, Balance Due, AUR or Exam and two additional BWH notices within a period of at least 120 days to attempt to resolve the underreporter or non-filer issue. A taxpayer who does not resolve the problem is issued a final "C" BWH Notice (CP 539 or CP 541) with notification that BWH is now in effect. This final (fifth) notice is generated by the "C" BWH system. It does not contain balance due information, nor does it affect the regular IDRS notice routine.
Simultaneously with the final notification to the taxpayer, the payers are sent a "C" BWH Notice (CP 543) advising them to begin backup withholding within 30 business days on all reportable payments made to the taxpayer. No further action needs to be taken on taxpayers that are no longer on the payer's files. See Pub 1335, Underreporter Backup Withholding Questions and Answers, for this information.
A listing of the supplemental "C" BWH notices can be found in Document 6209, Section 9, IDRS Notices and Notice Codes. Also listed in Document 6209 is CP 546, Special Backup Withholding Listing. CP 546 is generated when a payer requests a listing of all payees under their TIN that should be on BWH. This generally happens when one payer takes over another.
The list below provides the module conditions that cause a taxpayer to become potentially liable for "C" BWH or "subject" to BWH. This list also provides the literal BWH status indicators that will appear on IDRS.
The literal indicator BWI–1 will be displayed when either a TC 300 with a Reference Number 890 exists in the module or a TC 140 or a TC 922 with an income field meeting the criteria, IRM 220.127.116.11.2.1, Reportable Payment Subject to "C" BWH.
The literal BWI–2 will be displayed after a minimum of four notices have been issued to the taxpayer over a period of at least 120 days that indicate the underreporting condition has not been satisfied or suspended. A final BWH "Start" notice will be issued to the payer to begin BWH.
The literal BWI–4 will be displayed when the taxpayer resolves the BWH condition prior to receipt of a final notice (in potential status) or when the BWH is previously imposed and a manual stop is input.
If the BWH indicator is in subject status (BWI-2), the BWH status indicator will change to "blank" when the conditions below indicate that BWH has been satisfied and is removed from BWH during the annual MCC cleanup analysis after October 15th. If the module was in potential status, (BWI-1), the BWH indicator will change to satisfied (BWI-4).
The collection statute for the balance due module has expired per IRC 6502, See IRM 18.104.22.168, Collection Statue Expiration Date (CSED).
Module goes into Status 12 for a reason other than the posting of a tax return (e.g., full payment, abatement, etc.).
Full paid return posts causing the module to go into Status 12 and the interest/dividend income is equal to or greater than the IRP data.
TC 590, TC 591, or TC 596 posts.
Unreversed TC 540 for a deceased taxpayer posts.
TC 922 with process codes for TY 198812 and subsequent periods are 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 89, 91, and 93, posts.
Manual stop (Action Codes 1, 2, 3, or 7) posts from the input of a TC 971 AC 190, refer to IRM 22.214.171.124.2.12, TC 971 AC 190 Input Action for Entry on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC only.
TC 290 or TC 300 for zero posts to a module containing a dummy TC 150.
The literal BWI–8 suspends BWH until further action is taken. These transactions below will suspend the module until the account is resolved. The BWI-8 will only occur if the taxpayer was previously in a potential "C" BWH status (BWI = 1). These transactions will have no effect on the case where the taxpayer has already been subject to "C" BWH (BWI = 2).
Unreversed or unexpired TC 460 posts.
TC 520 (cc 81 or 85–89) is present in any module.
TC 610, TC 594, or TC 599 (exception closing code 88 or 89 for Automated Substitute for Return.
Unreversed TC 910, TC 914, TC 916, or TC 918 posts.
Unreversed TC 470 posts.
Return posts, the module goes into Status 12, and the interest/dividend income is less than the IRP data.
Return posts (other than a substitute for return), causing the module to go into a Status 21 and the interest/dividend income is zero.
Dummy TC 150 posts.
Unreversed TC 494 posts.
Once BWH-C process is imposed, it will remain in effect until the end of the following year if the condition causing the BWH is not resolved by October 15th from the annual MCC cleanup analysis or resolved by a "manual stop" prior to October 15th. A manual stop "generally" can be done on one of the following conditions:
Module is in Potential BWI-1 and the taxpayer satisfied the underreporter or unfiled return condition
A hardship request
Due to IRS error
The tax year is over 6 years old (Non-filers only)
If there is more than one module in subject status (BWI-2) and only one module is resolved during response processing, the BWI indicator will not update from current subject status. You need to contact the taxpayer to advise that all BWI-2 modules must be satisfied before the BWH can be stopped.
Modules in BWH subject status may drop off IDRS. This means you must use CC IMFOL to check each tax year beginning with the current tax year (TY) through the past six years for non-filers or ten years for unexpired CSEDs on balance due accounts. Check those modules for BWH subject status before requesting a manual stop. Once the CSED expires on a module, Master File will update BWH as satisfied.
An Installment Agreement (IA) or Currently Not Collectible (CNC) does not affect BWH. Also,
The tax, penalty, and interest must be full paid for all subject status tax modules before the taxpayer can be released from BWH.
When granting an IA or CNC, advise the taxpayer that BWH will continue, using Letter 681C, Letter 1962C, or Letter 2273C, with the appropriate selective paragraphs.
No action is required when the payer states this is not their payee on Notice 543, Notice 544 or Notice 545. See Pub 1335, Underreporter Backup Withholding Questions and Answers, for additional information. If the payer requests to be contacted, inform them that no further action is required.
Disaster - O freeze modules will be systemically suspended from BWH and will re-start BWH that is unsatisfied after the -O freeze is no longer on the module. Disaster -S freeze modules will continue with BWH, however, it allows IRS flexibility to grant filing and payment relief without suppressing Compliance activities. Affected taxpayers located outside the covered disaster areas should be advised to call the toll free number, 866-562-5227, to self identify for disaster relief. See IRM 126.96.36.199.2, -O Freeze, and IRM 188.8.131.52.1, -S Freeze, for additional information.
BWH is suspended on Combat Zone (-C freeze), until six months after the payee leaves the designated combat zone. Payers will be notified to stop BWH. BWH resumes after the six month period See IRM 184.108.40.206.2.12, TC 971 AC 190 Action on the C BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC use only, if module is not in suspense status.
If any "C" BWH Notice is returned as undeliverable and there is a yellow label which shows a forwarding address from the U.S. Postal Service (USPS), then compare the yellow label entity to the name on the Undelivered Mail and CC ENMOD or IMFOL with an "E" definer (IMFOLE) to verify that it is the same taxpayer. For example, if the yellow label shows John S. Smith, and ENMOD/IMFOLE shows John Smith, then conclude that it is the same taxpayer. Update the forwarding address from the yellow label using CC ENREQ with the appropriate location code. Rev. Proc. 2010-16 Sections 4.05 and 4.06 allows the Service to change the address when the taxpayer notifies the USPS facility. After updating the new address on ENREQ, destroy the notice. If you determine the information on the yellow label shows a name change or you are not sure it is the same taxpayer, or does not contain a better address, then follow the procedures below:
CP 539 and CP 541 - See IRM 220.127.116.11.2.12, TC 971 AC 190 Input Action for Entry on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC use only. If the subject status has changed or a stop was requested, no TC 971 is required, destroy the notice.
CP 543 - See IRM 18.104.22.168.2.12, TC 190 Input Action for Entry on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC use only.
CP 531, CP 538, CP 540, CP 542, CP 543, CP 544, or CP 545 - Destroy UD mail after extracting any useful information (i.e., taxpayer does not live here, incarcerated, deceased, (see paragraph 2 below), etc...) and input AMS Comments.
If the UD mail indicates that the taxpayer is deceased, input TC 540 for the year the taxpayer died, if known, otherwise, use the current year. This will stop "C" BWH systemically if the taxpayer is in potential status. If the taxpayer is in subject status, input a TC 971 AC 190 with the appropriate secondary action code for the manual stop, see IRM 22.214.171.124.2.12, TC 190 Input Action for Entry on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC use only.
When the taxpayer responds to a notice status account and indicates BWH will be resolved, initiate action to prevent the issuance of subsequent IDRS notices.
Input CC STAUP for balance due accounts where you determine the next notice will be issued prior to completion of the action. Allow sufficient time (six – eight weeks) for the action to process. The next notice should be specified as the subsequent IDRS status. The input of a STAUP will not stop unique BWH notices, only Balance Due notices.
Input a "Delay" for return delinquency (RD) modules that are in SC-02 status to prevent it going into TDI SC-03, see IRM 126.96.36.199.1.1, Accelerate and/or Delay To TDI Status 03, for further information on how to delay the RD module.
Input transaction codes that will satisfy the "C" BWH condition.
Input a TC 590 with appropriate closing code (cc) if the taxpayer verifies he or she is not required to file a return, see IRM 188.8.131.52.4.5, IMF - Determining Liability.
Input a TC 540 and 591 if the taxpayer with the income was deceased in the year in question, and the surviving spouse filed a joint return, reporting all income.
Input a TC 291 if the taxpayer can provide sufficient information for an adjustment within tolerance amounts. See IRM 184.108.40.206.12, Tolerances. For example: A taxpayer is assessed additional tax because of no response to a CP 2000 for underreporting interest/dividends.
Other examples are:
IDRS Actions for C BWH Notices If You should Then The taxpayer responds providing information on how the income was reported Review and verify (use CC RTVUE) that the amount was reported Use REQ54/ADJ54 to input the TC 291 to correct the amount of additional assessed tax. The taxpayer states the unreported amounts were actually reported under another TIN, such as a spouse, child or parent Review the other account using CC RTVUE to verify the amounts were reported Input TC 291 using CC REQ54/ADJ54 if the taxpayer provides sufficient information. The taxpayer questions income listed on IRS records Research IRP data via CC SUPOL or IRPTR, which provides names of payers of wages, interest, dividends, and other income Depending on research results, take the appropriate action. Refer to CSCO, Examination or AUR for re-work or take action to reverse assessments.
Once "C" BWH is imposed, it normally will remain in effect until January 1st of the following year if the condition causing "C" BWH is resolved on or before October 15th. Martinsburg Computing Center (MCC) will analyze for satisfied modules after October 15th of each year. Any taxpayer subject to "C" BWH who has not resolved the condition on or before October 15th will continue under "C" BWH the following year.
If all BWH modules are satisfied on or before October 15th, BWH will systemically stop on January 1st.
If the taxpayer is in BWH subject status (BWI-2) and the account is resolved during October 16th to January 1st, their module will remain in subject status for at least an additional 12 months, until the second January 1st. For example, if BWH issue is resolved on November, 1, 2010, the BWH will be not be released until January 1, 2012.
If the taxpayer is in potential status and meets one of the two conditions below, BWH analysis will suspend or satisfy the current status automatically during MCC analysis based upon normal processing.
No underreporting existed (e.g., abatement of the CP 2000 assessment or taxpayer is not liable (TC 590/591).
The underreporting condition has been corrected, including full payment of all tax, penalty and interest due.
If the taxpayer is in potential status or subject status and requests BWH not be started or be discontinued based on one or more conditions listed below, refer the case to the BWH tax examiners in KCSC or PSC, See in IRM 220.127.116.11.2.11, "C" BWH Procedures.
The underreporting condition has been corrected, including full payment of all tax, penalty, and interest due.
The taxpayer disputes that any underreporting has occurred (Examination Referral Criteria).
BWH will, or is, causing a hardship (as defined in IRM 13.1.7, Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Case Criteria) and it appears unlikely that the taxpayer will underreport again. If appropriate, prepare Form 911 and refer to the Taxpayer Advocate, not to the BWH tax examiners. See IRM 18.104.22.168.2, Taxpayer Advocate Program Criteria for referral criteria.
When a taxpayer is in potential "C" BWH status (BWH–1) and you have determined one of the following satisfying transactions has posted, do not input a TC 971 AC 190 (unless 4 notices have already been issued. Then you must input a TC 971 AC 190 with the appropriate secondary action code for the manual stop, see IRM 22.214.171.124.2.12, TC 971 AC 190 Input Action for Entry on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC use only.
A full paid tax return, TC 150, posted to a return delinquency module (except a dummy TC 150) and the interest and dividend income reported on the return is equal to, or greater than, the Information Return Program (IRP) data (the module status will be 12).
A balance due module satisfied by full payment, abatement, or credit transfer (Status 12).
An unreversed TC 590, 591, 596 (unless input closing is a Substitute for Return (SFR) case), See Document 6209, Chapter 11, TDI Closing Codes.
An indication that the taxpayer is deceased (TC 540).
Expiration of Collection Statute Expiration date (CSED).
TC 922 with process codes for TY 198812 and subsequent periods are 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 89, 91, and 93.
A dummy TC 150 and a posted TC 290 or TC 300 for zero in the same module.
The following are satisfying transactions for taxpayers in potential or subject status (BWI–1/BWI–2):
A manual stop has posted.
A TC 590 or 591 posts and updates the status to 06.
A TC 291 or 301 posts and updates to Status 12.
A TC 594 cc 84 posts which indicates that the taxpayer filed jointly with the spouse under the spouse's SSN
A TC 540 posts to the year of death. This will satisfy BWH for all modules for the deceased taxpayer (not just the module for the year of death).
The following are suspending transactions for taxpayers in potential "C" BWH status (BWI–1):
TC 594, 599 (unless input on a SFR case), a TC 610, or an unreversed/unexpired TC 460 (Status 04) posts to a return delinquency module.
An unreversed TC 910 or 918 posts to the entity.
An unreversed TC 914 or 916 posts to the module.
A 47 Status hold (unreversed TC 470) on a balance due module.
An unreversed TC 520 with a Closing Code 81, 85, 86, 87, 88, or 94 in any module.
An Other Than Full Paid (OTFP) tax return (TC 150) and the return reflects no interest or dividend income.
An unreversed TC 494 posted indicating a statutory notice is in process which suspends BWH.
When a taxpayer is in a potential "C" BWH status (BWI–1) and you have determined no underreporting exists or has been corrected (e.g., abatement or TC 59X), check for CC TXMOD/IMFOL to verify the program has updated during monthly analysis from January 1st to December 31st. If not, take the following actions:
The following procedures are only for inputting manual stops on potential"C" BWH status (BWI-1).
Verify the input of a manual stop. The "C" BWH indicator will show a satisfied status (BWI–4) and freeze the notice counter at the last notice issued (BWNC 1, 2, 3, 4). You can further verify the stop by referring to the TC 924 in the IDRS TXMOD display. If you verify that a manual stop was input, no further action is required.
If a manual stop has not been input, see IRM 126.96.36.199.2.12, TC 971 AC 190 Input Action for Entry on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC use only, and request the manual stop to suspend further "C" BWH actions and notices. You can request a manual stop if a satisfactory response is received from the taxpayer within six weeks after the issuance date of the CP 538 and/or CP 540.
Master File analysis pre-BWH processing begins during the following cycles (YYYY52, 04, 08, 13, 17, 21, 26, 30, 34, 39, 43, 47, and 52) will be the cycle numbers generated on all unique "C" BWH notices to payees. TC 924 on CC TXMOD will show the cycles of when the BWH notices were issued
If the taxpayer is in "C" BWH subject status (BWI–2), he or she will normally remain subject to "C" BWH until the following (2nd) January 1 if the condition causing BWH is not resolved on or before October 15th.
Prepare Form 4442, Inquiry Referral, and list the detailed information provided by the taxpayer to indicate no underreporting exists or has been corrected. Forward the Form 4442 to Collection Branch at Kansas City - KCSCor Philadelphia PSCcampuses , refer to IIRM 188.8.131.52.4.5, Backup Withholding, for the KSCS or PSC addresses. Include research prints, as appropriate. Advise the taxpayer the response will be reviewed and will be advised of the decision. KCSC and PSC (BWH employees) are the only functions authorized to make changes or updates to the BWI. The TC 971 AC 190 with appropriate secondary action code may or may not be input depending upon the results of the Inquiry Referral Form 4442, Inquiry Referral.
The Command Code REQ/FRM77 with Transaction Code (TC) 971/972 AC 190 has replaced the manual paper process using Form 8408. The TC 971 AC 190 will cause changes to the BWH status codes (just like the paper process from Form 8408). TC 971/972 AC 190 will be used to stop BWH, restart BWH, or indicate that an undeliverable notice was returned. Document all actions on AMS.
Use a TC 972 AC 190 to reverse a previous TC 971 AC 190 only if the TC 971 AC 190 was input in error. The TC 972 AC 190 must be input within the same week of the incorrect TC 971 AC 190 to allow the reversal. If the TC 972 is not input within the same week, you must input a new TC 971 AC 190 to override the previous input.
The TC 971 AC 190 must contain a secondary action code (1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7) to be input in the MISC-Field of CC FRM/REQ77. The secondary action code will indicate the type of change to the BWH status code as defined by paragraph 3 below. In the MISC-FIELD, the first space will contain secondary action codes 1 - 7. For secondary action codes 2, 3, and 6, the XREF-TIN field will always contain the Spouse's SSN for codes 2 or 3 or the payer (TIN or SSN) for code 6. For secondary code 6 only, the second space in the MISC-FIELD will always contain the Payer Code either E (for BMF - EIN number) or S (for IMF - SSN) number.
Definitions of the secondary Action Codes to be used in CC REQ/FRM77 MISC-FIELD are as follows:
1 = Stop BWH on Primary Social Security Number (SSN).
2 = Stop BWH on Secondary SSN. In addition, the secondary SSN must be entered on the XREF-TIN field.
3 = Stop BWH on both SSNs. In addition, the secondary SSN must be entered on the XREF-TIN field.
4 = Restart BWH on primary SSN.
5 = Undeliverable taxpayer notice (only on CP 539 or CP 541).
6 = Undeliverable payer notice (only on CP 543). The Payer "E" code for BMF and "S" code for IMF will be entered on the MISC-FIELD next to Action Code 6. The Payer's TIN (EIN or SSN) will be entered on the XREF-TIN field.
7 = Stop BWH on primary SSN (potential status).
After the TC 971 AC 190 with the appropriate secondary action code is input as stated in paragraph 3 above, a TC 924 with a 3 digit reference number (refer to TC 924 definitions in paragraph 5 below) will post indicating a BWI change. Secondary action code 4 (restart) and 7 (stop in potential status) goes through the next monthly analysis and may take up to six weeks to post a change to update the BWI indicator. All other action codes bypass the BWH monthly analysis to expedite changing/updating the BWI indicator and may post within six weeks.
When the TC 971 AC 190 posts on IDRS, the tax module will display a posted TC 924 with the appropriate 3 digit reference number showing the change to the BWH status. The TC 924 will post on IDRS as follows:
TC 924 reference number 140 will post if the module contains a TC 971 AC 190 with a secondary action code of 1, 2, or 3. This will change the BWI from 2 to 4 indicating "Account Satisfied" .
TC 924 reference number 160 will post if the module contains a TC 971 AC 190 with a secondary action code of 4. This will re-start BWH on the primary SSN.
TC 924 reference number 190 will post if the module contains a TC 971 AC 190 with a secondary action code of 7. This will change the BWI from 1 to "Blank" indicating No BWH Consideration.
Make sure that when working with a spouse or dependent’s BWH issue that the TC 971 AC 190 is input on the spouse or dependent’s SSN. For example, if the spouse’s (or dependent’s) module shows BWI-2 and the joint (or parent’s) account shows no BWH activity, then verify that the interest/dividend income was reported on the joint (or parent’s) return. If reported, then input a TC 971 AC 190 with secondary Action Code of "1" on the spouse’s (or dependent’s) account to remove the BWH.
Normally, an unpostable condition will be identified at the time the TC 971 AC 190 is trying to post. However, there may be other error conditions identified through BWH analysis An Error List (Report # 406-61) will be produced monthly on Control-D and provided to KCSC or PSC for analysis. Review and complete each item on the error list monthly. If the taxpayer's account needs to be corrected, then input a corrected TC 971 AC 190 with appropriate secondary action code. The following action codes listed will assist you in resolving the errors:
Code "A" reserved.
Code "B" identifies multiple manual inputs being processed during the same extract period which are inconsistent for the same IMF module.
Code "B" also identifies inconsistencies when multiple action codes are input the same week. The BWH system will accept the action code for the most recently requested transaction and error out the other transaction.
Code "C" identifies the payee is not in subject status.
Code "D" identifies manual input which failed to match the name control SSN of the IMF module.
Code "E" identifies manual input which have failed to match the tax period of the IMF module or the tax module is not in subject status.
Code "F" identifies manual input which have failed to match the secondary SSN in the XREF-TIN field of REQ77 of the IMF module for the required tax year.
Code "G" identifies manual input for Action Codes 1, 2, 3, or 7 when the taxpayer was never considered for BWH or has satisfied BWH.
Code "G" also identifies manual input for Action Code 4, when the taxpayer has never been considered for BWH or is not in satisfied status due to a prior manual stop.
Code "G" also identifies manual input for Action Code 5, when the taxpayer is not in BWH subject status.
Code "H" identifies Action Codes 1, 2, or 3 when all BWH modules are not addressed in subject status.
Code "H" identifies a stop was issued in error because taxpayer has not resolved all tax years. Issue Letter 1978C with appropriate selective paragraphs.
Code "Q" identifies a secondary Action Code that is not 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7.
Code "R" identifies a secondary Action Code 6 and omitted the TIN-Type E or S in the MISC-FIELD or did not include the Payer's EIN/SSN in the XREF-TIN field.
Code "S" identifies a secondary Action Code 1 or 4 input and a secondary SSN entered in the XREF-TIN field in error.
Code "T" identifies a secondary Action Code 2 or 3 was input and omitted the secondary SSN in the XREF-TIN field.
Code "U" identifies a secondary Action Code 5 or 7 was input and contained (in error) the secondary SSN in the XREF-TIN field.
Code "V" identifies a TC 972 with a secondary action code 4 or 7 with no matching secondary action code of the prior TC 971.
Some errors may be caused by BWH status on the spouse’s (or dependent’s) account where the spouse (or dependent) has filed with the joint (parent) account. For example, spouse’s (or dependent’s) module shows BWI-2 and joint account shows no BWH status, then verify that the interest/dividend income was reported on the joint (parent’s) return. A TC 971 AC 190 with secondary Action Code of "1" must be used on the spouse’s (or dependent’s) account.
Count each item on the register for reporting purposes.
If the taxpayer states that information we previously requested was provided to the campus but has not been acted upon, the taxpayer may qualify for Taxpayer Advocate priority handling, see IRM 184.108.40.206, TAS Case Criteria.
Certain unusual situations require special handling:
Taxpayers may demand immediate release of "C" BWH, based on the fact it was inappropriately imposed due to IRS error;
MFT 31 (mirrored accounts) of both spouses and the BWH programming will not allow update from BWI 2 to BWI 4.
Research the account to ensure there is no other module for which the taxpayer is subject to "C" BWH (review CC IMFOL, as well as SUMRY, TXMOD, etc.).
If the taxpayer is unwilling to wait for the normal release to take effect (six – eight weeks) and has satisfactory evidence (e.g., copy of returned/canceled check showing a payment was made to full pay the module before the BWH Start Notice was issued), or your research shows an IRS error, including failure to updated to BWI 4 for satisfied modules, then issue Letter 2027C, Payer Stop Letter, to payer(s) currently taking BWH from dividend and interest payments. Check CC IRPTR to identify payer on the interest and dividend income. The letter authorizes the payer(s) to stop withholding within 30 days.
Regulation 31.3406(c) -1(e)(2)(i)(A) requires a 30-day "Quick Release" under the above circumstances. Payer is authorized to stop even sooner but no later than 30 days. The same rule applies to cases of undue hardship.
Statute requires the IRS to provide a notice to stop BWH within 45 days. See Section 3406 (c) (3) (C) (ii).
When disputes arise, the taxpayer must provide documentation for claims of hardship in writing as verbal telephone contact is insufficient.
Review and verify the request or claim for determination as stated in paragraph (2) (a) above.
If the taxpayer/payee is not subject to "C" BWH for this or any other year, send Letter 1979C, BWH Granting of Appeal, to the taxpayer/payee. Follow procedures for the issuance of a manual stop refer to See IRM 220.127.116.11.2.12, TC 971 AC 190 Action on the "C" BWH File - CSCO KCSC and PSC Use only, and send a Letter 2027C, Backup Withholding; Payer Stop Letter, to the payer to stop BWH.
If you determine the taxpayer is subject to "C" BWH, deny the request and send Letter 1978C, BWH — Denial of Appeal.
Where the taxpayer states the Service has agreed to stop "C" BWH, but indicates all or some payers did not receive the proper notification:
Research IDRS to verify whether the taxpayer is subject to "C" BWH. If not subject to "C" BWH, advise the taxpayer to give a copy of Letter 1979C, Backup Withholding; Granting of Appeal, to the payer(s).
If the taxpayer does not have a copy of the letter, secure from the taxpayer their payer(s) name, address, account number, etc., and issue Letter 2027C, Backup Withholding; Payer Stop Letter, to the payer(s).
When a payer is taken over by another payer, the records of the predecessor are not always available. On these occasions, the current payer will request a listing of all payees subject to BWH under their Taxpayer Identification Numbers (TINs).
Ensure the closed payer does not have open filing requirements. Use CC ENMOD, CC IMFOL, or CC BMFOL to verify filing requirements have been closed out and verify the new payer has been established.
To request a current listing of payees subject to BWH, you must secure the following information below and forward a Form 4442, Inquiry Referral, to the Lead BWH Tax Examiner, PSC. See IRM 18.104.22.168.4.5, Backup Withholding – C (BWH-C) Inquiries, for PSC’s complete address.
Name, address and TIN of the requesting payer or individual;
Telephone number and name of the person making the request;
Name, address and TIN of the closed payer;
Include your name, telephone number, and branch location with the request.
The Lead TE at PSC will track the request and transmit via secure E-mail to MITS. The E-mail address is "&MITS ACIOAD-CP-Backup Withholding Project" .
When requests are processed, MITS will forward a tape to the Centralized Print Sites (CPS) requesting issuance of the CP 546. The listing will be printed on CP 546. MITS will notify both the lead at PSC and the SBSE analyst that the task has been completed.
Remind the originator of the request that the payee’s identity and account listed in the notice is only for their use in complying with BWH regulations; unauthorized disclosures may subject them to civil damages under IRC (26 USC 7431).
|Taxpayer Inquiries for BWH B Program|
|If the taxpayer asks...||Then the answer is...|
|1) How does the payer know whether the CP 2100 or CP 2100A notice is the first or second notification for a specific payee?||1) The CP notice does not identify whether it is the first or second notification for a particular account. Therefore, the payer is required under the backup withholding regulations to institute a system to track the status of these accounts.|
|2) Does the payer send a B-Notice to every account on the listing?||2) No. The payer notifies only account holders whose name/TIN combination on their records matches the combination IRS identified as incorrect.|
|3) When does the payer send the B-Notice to the payee?||3) The payer has 15 business days from the date shown on the CP 2100 or CP 2100A notice, or the actual date received, if later, to notify the payee.|
|4) Can the payer use a substitute B-Notice?||4) A substitute B-Notice may be used as long as the guidelines for the B-Notices in Rev. Proc. 93-37 as modified by Rev. 2014-43 are followed.|
|5) What should the payer do if the TIN was actually on file but was left off the Form 1099, or reported incorrectly?||5) The payer should note this in his records and use the correct information on future returns. DO NOT send a B-Notice in these situations.|
|6) What does the payer do if there is no longer a relationship with the payee or if there was only one transaction?||6) The payer should send a B-Notice to the payee and try to obtain a correct TIN. Records should be notated, so that if the relationship is renewed with the same individual it can be tracked for the two out of three year rule. The payer is only required to track these accounts for three years after the date he received the B-Notice.|
|7) Is it possible to have an SSN for a sole proprietor or do they need an EIN?||7) A sole proprietor must furnish his or her individual name and may use either his/her SSN or assigned EIN. The sole proprietor may provide the business name, but the individual name must be listed before the business name. The payer MAY NOT show only the business name for a sole proprietorship.|
|8) Must the payer withhold on a payee who is a non-resident alien?||8) YES, unless the payer has a Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding, on file. This document is good for three years.|
|9) Is the payer required to report or backup withhold on exempt payees?||9) NO. Refer to the instructions on Form W-9 for a list of payees who may be exempt from BWH and for which information reporting may not be required.|
|10) What does the payer do if the Form W-9 is returned with the same incorrect information?||10) The payer should keep the Form W-9 on file to show the payee certified to the name/TIN combination. Do not backup withhold.|
|11) What does the payer do if the B-Notice is undeliverable?||11) The payer should try to obtain a good address for the payee and mail the notice again. If a new address cannot be found the payer should keep the undeliverable document with the payee's records and start BWH on any future payments.|
|12) How does the payer report the BWH to IRS?||12) BWH is reported on line 2 of Form 945, Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax. Payments should be remitted through the normal depository procedure. Also, report the amount withheld on the appropriate Form 1099.|
|13) How does a payer obtain an EIN from IRS if one is needed to report BWH?||13) Apply online, fax or mail a completed Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number.|
|14) What action does the payer take if Form W-9 is returned with the statement "Applied For" in place on the TIN?||14) If the payee returns a properly completed and signed W-9 with “Applied For” written in Part 1, the payer should allow the payee 60 calendar days to provide the TIN, to the payer. If the payer does not receive the TIN within 60 days, BWH must begin on any payments and continue until a TIN is furnished.|
|15) Why are accounts on which the payer has filed corrections still included on the B-Notice listing?||15) Due to the timing of the program, corrections may not be processed at the time the first run is done in preparation of the B-Notice listing. If it is determined the account has been corrected, there is no need to send the B-Notice to the payee.|
|16) Is the payer required to wait the 30 business days following receipt of the B-Notice to start BWH?||16) NO. The payer may elect, on a case by case basis, to start BWH at any time after receipt of the notice.|
|17) What does the payer do if the name/TIN of a specific payee is shown on two CP 2100 or CP 2100A Notice lists in the same calendar year?||17) Regardless of whether the listings relate to the same or different tax years, the payer may satisfy the mailing requirements by mailing only one notice to the payee.|
|18) Is the payer required to mail a second B Notice to a payee if a second CP 2100/2100A Notice relating to information returns filed for the same tax year is received in a subsequent year?||18) NO. A second notification may be disregarded.|
|19) How is Form 1099 prepared if the payee is deceased during the year?||19) If the Administrator/Executor of an Estate has not advised the payer of the assignment of a new TIN, it is advisable to use the SSN of the deceased individual as listed on the existing account.|
|20) Can a certification based on the information on one account be used to correct all accounts of a specific payee?||20) BWH applies to all existing accounts receiving reportable payments that can be located using reasonable care if the incorrect TIN is used on all such accounts. Therefore, a single certification may be used to correct all accounts of a payee.|
|21) What does a payer do if the payee refuses or neglects to provide a TIN?||21) If a TIN is not provided, a payer is required to begin BWH on any reportable payments immediately upon opening the account with the individual or business. To avoid penalties, the payer must make the required request for the payee's TIN.|
|22) What should a payer do if a payee is currently subject to BWH for another reason?||22) Only one 28% withholding at a time is required, but the withholding must continue until the payee is no longer liable.|
|23) What must the payer do if he started BWH and it is determined at a later date that the payee is an organization exempt from backup withholding and has no information reporting requirements?|| 23) Only those amounts that are withheld erroneously may be returned to the payee and only if it is the result of an error by the payer. All other payees must wait for an information return and claim the BWH on a tax return, Form 1040, Form 1120, Form 1041, Form 1065, or Form 990-T. See the back of Form W-9 for a list of some of the exempt payees. The following actions may be taken: |
|24) What does the payer send to the payee if the information in his records agrees with the information provided by the IRS?|| 24a) If this is the first notification from the IRS the payer must provide the recipient: |
24b) If this is the second time within a three year period that the payer has been notified that a particular account has an incorrect name/TIN combination, the payee must provide to the payee:
|Taxpayer Inquiries for BWH C Program|
|If the taxpayer asks...||Then the answer is...|
|1) What kind of payments are subject to BWH under the C program?||1) Generally, any interest, dividends, patronage dividends or original issue discounts that are normally reported on Form 1099.|
|2) What types of payments are not subject to the backup withholding C program?||2) Payments not covered include, but are not limited to: |
|3) How does a payee become subject to BWH?||3) Under the BWH-C program, when the payee fails to report, or pay proper tax on dividends or interest on an income tax return, IRS will send at least four notices over at least 120 days asking that the problem be corrected. The final notice tells the payee that he/she is now subject to BWH and IRS is notifying the payers to begin withholding.|
|4) How long does BWH last?||4) Until the IRS notifies the payer that the payee is no longer subject to BWH. Normally this would be at the end of the current year. However, if the payee has not resolved the problem that caused the BWH by October 15th of the current year, BWH will continue through the following calendar year.|
|5) Can BWH be avoided?||5) YES, if a payee responds to our notices and resolves the problem, BWH will not start.|
|6) Once on BWH, can BWH under the C program be stopped before the year ends?|| 6) YES, if the payee can show that: |
|7) How can you tell a payee's backup withholding status?|| 7) BWH status indicators appear on TXMODA and ACS as follows: |
Because BWH is modular, each period must be checked to determine the status.
|8) Does filing jointly mean joint BWH liability?||8) Usually, but not always. Example: Payees file jointly in 1996 - divorce in 1997 - wife files her own return for 1997 and husband does not file for 1997. The system will look for the husband's return (primary TIN). If no return is present, the system will initiate notices to the last known address for the primary payee. If no return is filed, the system will look at the last return it has for the TIN and because it was joint, will put both husband and wife on BWH. The wife, in this case, should not be on BWH. The only way we can establish what happened is for the wife to contact us and give us the former husband's SSN so that his account can be researched via MFTRA.|
|9) Are many payees placed on BWH erroneously?||9) NO, but it does occur in a small volume of cases. Example: Husband dies wife files Form 1040 using her SSN, but does not change her husband's SSN on the joint bank or stock accounts. IRS will get IRP data with the husband's SSN and look for the husband's tax return; finding nothing, the system will generate notices for the husband's return which the wife will not answer because he's deceased and she filed by herself. IRS will eventually send a BWH notice showing the husband's SSN to the payer. The payer will withhold on the dividend or interest payments due the wife on the joint accounts because the husband's SSN is still controlling the account. The payee should be advised to notify payers to change the SSN on all accounts.|
|10) What if the payee claims not to have gotten any BWH notices?||10) The Service sends notices to the last address on file. If the mail is not returned, the assumption is that it was delivered.|
|11) How can IRS employees tell what BWH notices were sent to the payee?||11) A BWH notice count (BWHC-n) appears on TXMODA next to the BWH status indicator (BWI-n). If no notices have been sent, or if the payee is now subject to BWH, the BWNC will be zero. If a manual stop of BWH has been input, the BWNC will be frozen at the number of the last notice issued. Cycles of notice issuance will also appear.|
|12) Does IRS stop BWH on a payee who shows proof of filing and/or payment?||12) Not necessarily. It will depend on the date of the filing/payment. If the date is prior to the issuance of the CP 541 a stop is appropriate. If the filing/payment date is later, the taxpayer will remain on BWH until the yearly check (October 15th).|
|13) Should IRS stop BWH if a bank notifies that the payee has closed the account?||13) NO. The payee may have accounts in other banks.|
|14) What does the payer do if the payee is already subject to BWH for another reason?||14) Only one 28% withholding at a time is required, but the withholding must continue until the payee is no longer subject to BWH for any reason.|
|15) How should the payer report BWH funds to IRS?||15) BWH is reported on line 2 of Form 945, Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax. Payment should be remitted through normal depository procedures. Also, report the amount withheld on the appropriate Form 1099.|
|IMF Balance Due Accounts|
|BWH Status||Notice of Form||Required Action(s)||Action Time Frames|
|1st BWH Notification||Master 1st Notice||If information from the taxpayer resolves the balance due, input CC STAUP to suspend further BWH and Balance Due notices.||Input CC STAUP within 3 weeks of next notice issuance (as appropriate).|
|2nd, 3rd, and 4th BWH Notification from Balance Due (BD) Notices||CP 501, CP 503 , and CP 504||If the taxpayer states that no underreporting of Interest of Dividend existed or has been corrected, prepare Form 4442, to suspend BWH notice Issuance.||Input CC STAUP within 3 weeks of the next notice issuance (as appropriate). Complete and submit Form 4442 daily to one of the 2 centralized BWH "C" CSCO campuses in Kansas City or to Philadelphia), see IRM 22.214.171.124.2.11 (4).|
|5th, 6th, and 7th BWH Notification from BWH "C" BD Notices||CP 531, CP 538 or CP 539||If the taxpayer states that no underreporting of Interest or Dividend existed or has been corrected, prepare Form 4442, to suspend BWH notice issuance.||Complete and submit Form 4442 daily to one of the two centralized BWH C CSCO campuses in Kansas City or Philadelphia), see IRM 126.96.36.199.2.11 (4).|
|5th, 6th, and 7th BWH Notification from BWH "C" BD Notices||CP 531, CP 538 or CP 539||If appropriate, prepare Form 911 and refer to Taxpayer Advocate Service. See IRM 188.8.131.52.2, Taxpayer Advocate Program Criteria.||Send Form 911 to Taxpayer Advocate Service within 24 hours.|
|IMF Return Delinquency (RD) Accounts|
|BWH Status||Notice of Form||Required Action(s)||Action Time Frames|
|1st Return Delinquency (RD) Notification for BWH from RD CP Notice||CP 59||If the taxpayer is not liable, input CC TDIAD to prevent further BWH related TDI notices. Input TC 590 of TC 591 per IRM 184.108.40.206.4.5, IMF Determining Liability||Input CC TDIAD within 3 weeks from the next notice issuance.|
|2nd RD Notification for BWH from RD CP Notice||CP 516 and CP 518||If the taxpayer is not liable, input TDIAD to prevent further BWH-related TDI notices, input TC 590 or 591 per IRM 220.127.116.11.4.5, IMF Determining Liability.||Input CC TDIAD within three weeks from the next notice issuance.|
|3rd , 4th and 5th BWH Notification from BWH-C RD Notices||CP 531, CP 540 and CP 541||If the taxpayer is not liable, input TC 590 or 591 per IRM 18.104.22.168.4.5, IMF Determining Liability. Prepare Form 4442 to suspend next notice issuance or update BWH indicator.||Complete and submit Form 4442 daily to one of the two centralized BWH "C" CSCO campuses in Kansas City or Philadelphia), refer to IRM 22.214.171.124.2.11(4).|
|3rd , 4th and 5th BWH Notification from BWH "C" RD Notices||CP 531, CP 540 and CP 541||If the taxpayer states that no return was due or had been filed (possibly under another TIN), prepare Form 4442 to suspend next notice issuance or update BWH indicator.||Complete and submit Form 4442 daily to one of the two centralized BWH "C" CSCO campuses in Kansas City or Philadelphia), refer to IRM 126.96.36.199.2.11(4).|
|3rd , 4th and 5th BWH Notification from BWH "C" RD Notices||CP 531, CP 540 and CP 541||If appropriate, prepare Form 911 and refer to Taxpayer Advocate. See IRM 188.8.131.52.2, Taxpayer Advocate Program Criteria.||Refer Form 911 to Taxpayer Advocate within 24 hours.|
|3rd , 4th and 5th BWH Notification from BWH "C" RD Notices||CP 531, CP 540 and CP 541||If the taxpayer otherwise disputes imposition of BWH, advise the taxpayer to submit a written request to one of the two centralized BWH "C" CSCO campuses in Kansas City or Philadelphia).||The two centralized BWH campuses addresses are located in IIRM 184.108.40.206.4.5.|
|TC 924 Reference Number Break Down|
|First digit is always 1||Reference Number|
|Second digit is always 0, 1, 2, or 8|| |
|Third digit identifies actions that have occurred on the account|| |