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Publication 502 - Introductory Material


Future Developments

For the latest information about developments related to Pub. 502, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to IRS.gov/pub502.

What's New

Standard mileage rate. The standard mileage rate allowed for operating expenses for a car when you use it for medical reasons is 19 cents per mile. See Transportation under What Medical Expenses Are Includible.

Reminders

Health coverage tax credit (HCTC). The HCTC, which expired at the end of 2013, has been reinstated retroactive to January 1, 2014. See Health Coverage Tax Credit , and Form 8885 and its instructions.

Photographs of missing children. The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child.

Introduction

This publication explains the itemized deduction for medical and dental expenses that you claim on Schedule A (Form 1040). It discusses what expenses, and whose expenses, you can and can't include in figuring the deduction. It explains how to treat reimbursements and how to figure the deduction. It also tells you how to report the deduction on your tax return and what to do if you sell medical property or receive damages for a personal injury.

Medical expenses include dental expenses, and in this publication the term “medical expenses” is often used to refer to medical and dental expenses.

You can deduct on Schedule A (Form 1040) only the part of your medical and dental expenses that is more than 10% of your adjusted gross income (AGI). But if either you or your spouse was born before January 2, 1952, you can deduct the amount of your medical and dental expenses that is more than 7.5% of your AGI. If your medical and dental expenses aren't more than 10% of your AGI (7.5% if either you or your spouse was born before January 2, 1952), you can't claim a deduction.

This publication also explains how to treat impairment-related work expenses, health insurance premiums if you are self-employed, and the health coverage tax credit that is available to certain individuals.

Pub. 502 covers many common medical expenses but not every possible medical expense. If you can't find the expense you are looking for, refer to the definition of medical expenses under What Are Medical Expenses .

See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms.

Comments and suggestions.    We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions.

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Ordering forms and publications.    Visit IRS.gov/formspubs to download forms and publications. Otherwise, you can go to IRS.gov/orderforms to order current and prior-year forms and instructions. Your order should arrive within 10 business days.

Tax questions.   If you have a tax question not answered by this publication, check IRS.gov and How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication.

Useful Items - You may want to see:

Publication

  • 969 Health Savings Accounts and Other Tax-Favored Health Plans

Forms (and Instructions)

  • 1040 U.S. Individual Income Tax Return

  • Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions

  • 8885 Health Coverage Tax Credit

  • 8962 Premium Tax Credit (PTC)


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