Publication 509 - Introductory Material Future Developments What’s New Reminders Introduction What does this publication contain? Who should use this publication? What are the advantages of using a tax calendar? Which calendar(s) should I use? What other publications and tax forms will I need? What isn't included in these calendars? Comments and suggestions. Tax Questions. Ordering tax forms, instructions, and publications. Background Information for Using the Tax Calendars IRS e-services make taxes easier. Tax deposits. Electronic deposit requirement. Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. Legal holidays. Statewide legal holidays. Penalties. Use of private delivery services. Publication 509 - Main Contents General Tax Calendar Fiscal-year taxpayers. First Quarter Second Quarter Third Quarter Fourth Quarter Fiscal-Year Taxpayers Individuals Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR. Estimated tax payments (Form 1040-ES). Partnerships Form 1065. Corporations and S Corporations Form 1120 (or Form 7004). Form 1120-S (or Form 7004). Estimated tax payments. Form 2553. Employer's Tax Calendar Forms you may need. Fiscal-year taxpayers. Extended due dates. During 2021 Payment of deferred employer share of social security tax from 2020. Payment of deferred employee share of social security tax from 2020. First Quarter During January All employers. Second Quarter Third Quarter Fourth Quarter Excise Tax Calendar Forms you may need. Fiscal-year taxpayers. Adjustments for Saturday, Sunday, or legal holidays. Regular method taxes. First Quarter Second Quarter Third Quarter Fourth Quarter How To Get Tax Help Preparing and filing your tax return. Free options for tax preparation. Using online tools to help prepare your return. Need someone to prepare your tax return? Coronavirus. Tax reform. Employers can register to use Business Services Online. IRS social media. Watching IRS videos. Online tax information in other languages. Free interpreter service. Getting tax forms and publications. Access your online account (individual taxpayers only). Using direct deposit. Getting a transcript of your return. Reporting and resolving your tax-related identity theft issues. Checking on the status of your refund. Making a tax payment. What if I can’t pay now? Filing an amended return. Checking the status of your amended return. Understanding an IRS notice or letter you’ve received. Contacting your local IRS office. The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Is Here To Help You What Is TAS? What Can TAS Do For You? How Can You Reach TAS? How Else Does TAS Help Taxpayers? Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) Publication 509 (2021), Tax Calendars For use in 2021 Publication 509 - Introductory Material Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Pub. 509, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to IRS.gov/Pub509. What’s New Payment of deferred employer share of social security tax from 2020. If the employer deferred paying the employer share of social security tax in 2020, pay 50% of the employer share of social security tax by January 3, 2022 and the remainder by January 3, 2023. Any payments or deposits you make before January 3, 2022, are first applied against the first 50% of the deferred employer share of social security tax, and then applied against the remainder of your deferred payments. Payment of deferred employee share of social security tax from 2020. If the employer deferred withholding and payment of the employee share of social security tax or the railroad retirement tax equivalent on certain employee wages and compensation between September 1, 2020, and December 31, 2020, withhold and pay those taxes no later than January 3, 2022. Extended due dates for furnishing 2020 Forms 1095-B and 1095-C. The due dates for providing certain information returns related to health insurance coverage has been extended. The due date for providing the 2020 Form 1095-B and 2020 Form 1095-C has been extended from February 1, 2021 to March 2, 2021. New Form 1099-NEC. Form 1099-NEC, Nonemployee Compensation, is used beginning with tax year 2020 to report nonemployee compensation. Reminders Form 1040-SR. Form 1040-SR, U.S. Tax Return for Seniors, is a tax return for senior citizens. Form 1040-SR is available to you if you were born before January 2, 1956. The form generally mirrors Form 1040. Online IRS Tax Calendar. The IRS Tax Calendar for Businesses and Self-Employed is available online at IRS.gov/TaxCalendar. This calendar is also available in Spanish. Photographs of missing children. The IRS is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children® (NCMEC). Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Introduction A tax calendar is a 12-month calendar divided into quarters. The calendar gives specific due dates for: Filing tax forms, Paying taxes, and Taking other actions required by federal tax law. What does this publication contain? This publication contains the following. A section on how to use the tax calendars. Three tax calendars: General Tax Calendar, Employer's Tax Calendar, and Excise Tax Calendar. A table showing the semiweekly deposit due dates for payroll taxes for 2021. Most of the due dates discussed in this publication are also included in the online IRS Tax Calendar for Businesses and Self-Employed, available at IRS.gov/TaxCalendar. The online IRS Tax Calendar is also available in Spanish. Who should use this publication? Primarily, employers need to use this publication. However, the General Tax Calendar , later, has important due dates for all businesses and individuals. Anyone who must pay excise taxes may need the Excise Tax Calendar , later. What are the advantages of using a tax calendar? The following are advantages of using a calendar. You don't have to figure the due dates yourself. You can file or pay timely and avoid penalties. You don't have to adjust the due dates for Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. You don't have to adjust the due dates for special banking rules if you use the Employer's Tax Calendar or Excise Tax Calendar , later. Which calendar(s) should I use? To decide which calendar(s) to use, first look at the General Tax Calendar , later, and highlight the dates that apply to you. If you’re an employer, also use the Employer's Tax Calendar , later. If you must pay excise taxes, use the Excise Tax Calendar , later. Depending on your situation, you may need to use more than one calendar. What other publications and tax forms will I need? Table 1 lists other publications you may need. Each calendar lists the forms you may need. See How To Get Tax Help at the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms. What isn't included in these calendars? The calendars don't cover the employment or excise tax deposit rules. You can find the deposit rules for employment taxes in Pub. 15. The deposit rules for excise taxes are in Pub. 510 and in the Instructions for Form 720. In addition, the calendars don't cover filing forms and other requirements for: Estate taxes, Gift taxes, Trusts, Exempt organizations, Certain types of corporations, Foreign partnerships, or Nonresident aliens. Comments and suggestions. We welcome your comments about this publication and suggestions for future editions. You can send us comments through IRS.gov/FormComments. Or, you can write to: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications 1111 Constitution Ave. NW Washington, DC 20224 Although we can’t respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments and suggestions as we revise our tax forms, instructions, and publications. Do not send tax questions, tax returns, or payments to the above address. Tax Questions. If you have a tax question not answered by this publication, check IRS.gov and How To Get Tax Help at the end of this publication. Ordering tax forms, instructions, and publications. Go to IRS.gov/OrderForms to order current forms, instructions, and publications; call 800-829-3676 to order prior-year forms and instructions. The IRS will process your order for forms and publications as soon as possible. Do not resubmit requests you’ve already sent us. You can get forms and publications faster online. Table 1. Useful Publications IF you’re... THEN you may need... an employer • Pub. 15, Employer's Tax Guide. • Pub. 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide. • Pub. 15-B, Employer's Tax Guide to Fringe Benefits. • Pub. 15-T, Federal Income Tax Withholding Methods. • Pub. 926, Household Employer's Tax Guide. a farmer • Pub. 51, Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide. • Pub. 225, Farmer's Tax Guide. an individual • Pub. 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. required to pay excise taxes • Pub. 510, Excise Taxes. Background Information for Using the Tax Calendars The following brief explanations may be helpful to you in using the tax calendars. IRS e-services make taxes easier. Businesses can enjoy the benefits of filing and paying their federal taxes electronically. Whether you rely on a tax professional or handle your own taxes, the IRS offers you convenient programs to make taxes easier. You can e-file your Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR; certain business tax returns such as Forms 1120, 1120-S, and 1065; certain employment tax returns such as Forms 940 and 941; certain excise tax returns such as Forms 720, 2290, and 8849; and Form 1099 and other information returns. Go to IRS.gov/Efile for more information. You can pay taxes online or by phone using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS). For detailed information about using this free service, see Electronic deposit requirement , later. Use these electronic options to make filing and paying taxes easier. For more information on electronic payments, go to IRS.gov/Payments. Tax deposits. Some taxes can be paid with the return on which they are reported. However, in many cases, you have to deposit the tax before the due date for filing the return. Tax deposits are figured for periods of time that are shorter than the time period covered by the return. See Pub. 15 for the employment tax deposit rules. For the excise tax deposit rules, see Pub. 510 or the Instructions for Form 720. Electronic deposit requirement. You must use electronic funds transfer (EFT) to make all federal tax deposits. Generally, an EFT is made using EFTPS. If you don't want to use EFTPS, you can arrange for your tax professional, financial institution, payroll service, or other trusted third party to make electronic deposits on your behalf. EFTPS is a free service provided by the Department of the Treasury. Services provided by your tax professional, financial institution, payroll service, or other third party may have a fee. To get more information or to enroll in EFTPS, go to EFTPS.gov or call 800-555-4477 or 800-733-4829 (TTY/TDD). Additional information about EFTPS is also available in Pub. 966. .If you fail to timely, properly, and fully make your federal tax deposit, you may be subject to a failure-to-deposit penalty. For an EFTPS deposit to be on time, you must submit the deposit by 8 p.m. Eastern time the day before the date the deposit is due.. Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. Generally, if a due date for performing any act for tax purposes falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the act is considered to be performed timely if it is performed no later than the next day that isn't a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. The term "legal holiday" means any legal holiday in the District of Columbia. The calendars provided in this publication make the adjustment for Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. But you must make any adjustments for statewide legal holidays, as discussed later. .An exception to this rule for certain excise taxes is noted later under the Excise Tax Calendar.. Legal holidays. Legal holidays occurring in 2021 are listed below. January 1—New Year's Day January 18—Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. January 20—Inauguration Day February 15—Washington's Birthday April 16—District of Columbia Emancipation Day May 31—Memorial Day July 5—Independence Day (observed) September 6—Labor Day October 11—Columbus Day November 11—Veterans Day November 25—Thanksgiving Day December 24—Christmas Day (observed) December 31—New Year’s Day 2022 (observed) Statewide legal holidays. In general, a statewide legal holiday delays a due date for filing a return only if the IRS office where you're required to file is located in that state. For individuals, a statewide legal holiday also delays a due date for filing a return for residents of that state. A statewide legal holiday doesn't delay a due date for making a federal tax deposit. Penalties. Whenever possible, you should take action before the listed due date. If you’re late, you may have to pay a penalty as well as interest on any overdue taxes. Be sure to follow all the tax laws that apply to you. In addition to civil penalties, criminal penalties may be imposed for intentionally not paying taxes, for intentionally filing a false return, or for not filing a required return. Use of private delivery services. You can use certain private delivery services (PDSs) designated by the IRS to meet the timely mailing as timely filing/paying rule for tax returns and payments. Go to IRS.gov/PDS for the current list of designated PDSs. For the IRS mailing address to use if you’re using a PDS, go to IRS.gov/PDSstreetAddresses. Select the mailing address listed on the webpage that is in the same state as the address to which you would mail the return without a payment, as shown in the instructions for your tax return. The PDS can tell you how to get written proof of the mailing date. .PDSs can't deliver items to P.O. boxes. You must use the U.S. Postal Service to mail any item to an IRS P.O. box address.. Publication 509 - Main Contents General Tax Calendar This tax calendar has the due dates for 2021 that most taxpayers will need. Employers and persons who pay excise taxes should also use the Employer's Tax Calendar and the Excise Tax Calendar , later. Fiscal-year taxpayers. If you file your income tax return for a fiscal year rather than the calendar year, you must change some of the dates in this calendar. These changes are described under Fiscal-Year Taxpayers at the end of this calendar. First Quarter The first quarter of a calendar year is made up of January, February, and March. Second Quarter The second quarter of a calendar year is made up of April, May, and June. Third Quarter The third quarter of a calendar year is made up of July, August, and September. Fourth Quarter The fourth quarter of a calendar year is made up of October, November, and December. Fiscal-Year Taxpayers If you use a fiscal year (rather than the calendar year) as your tax year, you should change some of the dates in this calendar. Use the following general guidelines to make these changes. .The 3 months that make up each quarter of a fiscal year may be different from those of each calendar quarter, depending on when the fiscal year begins. Also, see Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, earlier.. Individuals Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR. This form is due on the 15th day of the 4th month after the end of your tax year. Form 4868 is used to request an extension of time to file Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR. Estimated tax payments (Form 1040-ES). Payments are due on the 15th day of the 4th, 6th, and 9th months of your tax year and on the 15th day of the 1st month after your tax year ends. Partnerships Form 1065. This form is due on the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of the partnership's tax year. Provide each partner with a copy of their Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) or substitute Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of the partnership's tax year. Form 7004 is used to request an automatic 6-month extension of time to file Form 1065. Corporations and S Corporations Form 1120 (or Form 7004). This form is due on the 15th day of the 4th month after the end of the corporation’s tax year. However, a corporation with a fiscal tax year ending June 30 must file by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of its tax year. A corporation with a short tax year ending anytime in June will be treated as if the short year ended on June 30, and must file by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of its tax year. Form 7004 is used to request an automatic 6-month extension of time to file Form 1120. However, corporations with a fiscal tax year ending June 30, or a short tax year treated as if the short year ended June 30, will use Form 7004 to request an automatic 7-month extension of time to file Form 1120. Form 1120-S (or Form 7004). This form is due on the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of the corporation's tax year. Provide each shareholder with a copy of their Schedule K-1 (Form 1120-S) by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of the corporation's tax year. Form 7004 is used to request an automatic 6-month extension of time to file Form 1120-S. Estimated tax payments. Payments are due on the 15th day of the 4th, 6th, 9th, and 12th months of the corporation's tax year. Form 2553. This form is used to choose S corporation treatment. It is due no more than 2 months and 15 days after the beginning of the tax year the election is to take effect or at any time during the preceding tax year. Employer's Tax Calendar This tax calendar covers various due dates of interest to employers. Principally, it covers the following federal taxes. Income tax you withhold from your employees' wages or from nonpayroll amounts you pay out. Social security and Medicare taxes (FICA taxes) you withhold from your employees' wages and the social security and Medicare taxes you must pay as an employer. Federal unemployment (FUTA) tax you must pay as an employer. The calendar lists due dates for filing returns and for making deposits of these three taxes throughout the year. Use this calendar with Pub. 15, which gives the deposit rules. Forms you may need. The following is a list and description of the primary employment tax forms you may need. Form 940, Employer's Annual Federal Unemployment (FUTA) Tax Return. This form is due the last day of the first calendar month after the calendar year ends. Use it to report the FUTA tax on wages you paid. Form 941, Employer's QUARTERLY Federal Tax Return. This form is due the last day of the first calendar month after the calendar quarter ends. Use it to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income taxes on wages if your employees aren't farm workers or household employees. Form 943, Employer's Annual Federal Tax Return for Agricultural Employees. This form is due the last day of the first calendar month after the calendar year ends. Use it to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income taxes on wages if your employees are farm workers. Form 944, Employer's ANNUAL Federal Tax Return. This form is due the last day of the first calendar month after the calendar year ends. Certain small employers use it instead of Form 941 to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax. Form 945, Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax. This form is due the last day of the first calendar month after the calendar year ends. Use it to report income tax withheld on all nonpayroll items. A list of nonpayroll items is available in the Instructions for Form 945. Fiscal-year taxpayers. The dates in this calendar apply whether you use a fiscal year or the calendar year as your tax year. The only exception is the date for filing Forms 5500, Annual Return/Report of Employee Benefit Plan, and 5500-EZ, Annual Return of A One-Participant (Owners/Partners and Their Spouses) Retirement Plan or A Foreign Plan. These employee benefit plan forms are due by the last day of the seventh month after the plan year ends. See All employers under August 2, later. For more information on filing these forms, go to IRS.gov/Form5500. Extended due dates. If you timely deposit in full the tax you’re required to report on Form 940, 941, 943, 944, or 945, you may file the return by the 10th day of the 2nd month that follows the end of the return period. .If you’re subject to the semiweekly deposit rule, use Table 2 near the end of this publication for your deposit due dates. However, if you accumulate $100,000 or more of taxes on any day during a deposit period, you must deposit the tax by the next business day instead of the date shown in Table 2.. During 2021 Payment of deferred employer share of social security tax from 2020. If the employer deferred paying the employer share of social security tax in 2020, pay 50% of the employer share of social security tax by January 3, 2022, and the remainder by January 3, 2023. Any payments or deposits you make before January 3, 2022, are first applied against the first 50% of the deferred employer share of social security tax and then applied against the remainder of your deferred payments. Payment of deferred employee share of social security tax from 2020. If the employer deferred withholding and payment of the employee share of social security tax or railroad retirement tax equivalent of certain employee wages and compensation between September 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020, withhold and pay those taxes no later than January 3, 2022. First Quarter The first quarter of a calendar year is made up of January, February, and March. During January All employers. Give your employees their copies of Form W-2 for 2020 by February 1, 2021. If the employee agreed to receive Form W-2 electronically, have it posted on a website and notify the employee of the posting. Second Quarter The second quarter is made up of April, May, and June. Third Quarter The third quarter of a calendar year is made up of July, August, and September. Fourth Quarter The fourth quarter of a calendar year is made up of October, November, and December. Excise Tax Calendar This tax calendar gives the due dates for filing returns and making deposits of excise taxes. Use this calendar with Pub. 510. Also, see the instructions for Forms 11-C, 720, 730, and 2290 for more information. References to Form 2290 also apply to Form 2290(SP). Forms you may need. The following is a list and description of the excise tax forms you may need. Form 11-C, Occupational Tax and Registration Return for Wagering. Use this form to register any wagering activity and to pay an occupational tax on wagering. File Form 11-C if you’re in the business of accepting wagers, including conducting a wagering pool or lottery, or are an agent of someone who accepts wagers. You must file the form before you begin accepting wagers. After that, file the form by July 1 of each year. Also, see Form 730 below. Form 720, Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return. File this form by the last day of the month following the calendar quarter. Use this form to report a wide variety of excise taxes, including: Communications and air transportation taxes, Fuel taxes, Retail tax, Ship passenger tax, and Manufacturers taxes. Form 730, Monthly Tax Return for Wagers. Use this form to pay an excise tax on wagers you accept. File this form for each month by the last day of the following month. Also, see Form 11-C above. Form 2290, Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax Return. Use this form to pay the federal use tax on heavy highway vehicles registered in your name. File this form by the last day of the month following the month of the vehicle's first taxable use in the tax period. The tax period begins on July 1 and ends the following June 30. You must pay the full year's tax on all vehicles you have in use during the month of July. You must also pay a partial-year tax on taxable vehicles that you put into use in a month after July. For more information, see the Instructions for Form 2290. Fiscal-year taxpayers. The dates in this calendar apply whether you use a fiscal year or the calendar year as your tax year. Adjustments for Saturday, Sunday, or legal holidays. Generally, if a due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the due date is delayed until the next day that isn't a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. For excise taxes, there are two exceptions to this rule. For deposits of regular method taxes, if the due date is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the due date is the immediately preceding day that isn't a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. Under the special September deposit rules, if the due date falls on a Saturday, the deposit is due on the preceding Friday. If the due date falls on a Sunday, the deposit is due on the following Monday. For more information, see the Instructions for Form 720. The Excise Tax Calendar has been adjusted for all of these provisions. Regular method taxes. These are taxes, other than alternative method taxes used for communication and air transportation taxes, reported on Form 720 for which deposits are required. First Quarter The first quarter of a calendar year is made up of January, February, and March. Second Quarter The second quarter of a calendar year is made up of April, May, and June. Third Quarter The third quarter of a calendar year is made up of July, August, and September. Fourth Quarter The fourth quarter of a calendar year is made up of October, November, and December. How To Get Tax Help If you have questions about a tax issue, need help preparing your tax return, or want to download free publications, forms, or instructions, go to IRS.gov and find resources that can help you right away. Preparing and filing your tax return. After receiving all your wage and earnings statements (Form W-2, W-2G, 1099-R, 1099-MISC, 1099-NEC, etc.); unemployment compensation statements (by mail or in a digital format) or other government payment statements (Form 1099-G); and interest, dividend, and retirement statements from banks and investment firms (Forms 1099), you have several options to choose from to prepare and file your tax return. You can prepare the tax return yourself, see if you qualify for free tax preparation, or hire a tax professional to prepare your return. Free options for tax preparation. Go to IRS.gov to see your options for preparing and filing your return online or in your local community, if you qualify, which include the following. Free File. This program lets you prepare and file your federal individual income tax return for free using brand-name tax-preparation-and-filing software or Free File fillable forms. However, state tax preparation may not be available through Free File. Go to IRS.gov/FreeFile to see if you qualify for free online federal tax preparation, e-filing, and direct deposit or payment options. VITA. The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program offers free tax help to people with low-to-moderate incomes, persons with disabilities, and limited-English-speaking taxpayers who need help preparing their own tax returns. Go to IRS.gov/VITA, download the free IRS2Go app, or call 800-906-9887 for information on free tax return preparation. TCE. The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program offers free tax help for all taxpayers, particularly those who are 60 years of age and older. TCE volunteers specialize in answering questions about pensions and retirement-related issues unique to seniors. Go to IRS.gov/TCE, download the free IRS2Go app, or call 888-227-7669 for information on free tax return preparation. MilTax. Members of the U.S. Armed Forces and qualified veterans may use MilTax, a free tax service offered by the Department of Defense through Military OneSource. Also, the IRS offers Free Fillable Forms, which can be completed online and then filed electronically regardless of income. Using online tools to help prepare your return. Go to IRS.gov/Tools for the following. The Earned Income Tax Credit Assistant (IRS.gov/EITCAssistant) determines if you’re eligible for the earned income credit (EIC). The Online EIN Application (IRS.gov/EIN) helps you get an employer identification number (EIN). The Tax Withholding Estimator (IRS.gov/W4app) makes it easier for everyone to pay the correct amount of tax during the year. The tool is a convenient, online way to check and tailor your withholding. It’s more user-friendly for taxpayers, including retirees and self-employed individuals. The features include the following. Easy to understand language. The ability to switch between screens, correct previous entries, and skip screens that don’t apply. Tips and links to help you determine if you qualify for tax credits and deductions. A progress tracker. A self-employment tax feature. Automatic calculation of taxable social security benefits. The First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up (IRS.gov/HomeBuyer) tool provides information on your repayments and account balance. The Sales Tax Deduction Calculator (IRS.gov/SalesTax) figures the amount you can claim if you itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). . Getting answers to your tax questions. On IRS.gov, you can get up-to-date information on current events and changes in tax law.. IRS.gov/Help: A variety of tools to help you get answers to some of the most common tax questions. IRS.gov/ITA: The Interactive Tax Assistant, a tool that will ask you questions on a number of tax law topics and provide answers. IRS.gov/Forms: Find forms, instructions, and publications. You will find details on 2020 tax changes and hundreds of interactive links to help you find answers to your questions. You may also be able to access tax law information in your electronic filing software. . Need someone to prepare your tax return? There are various types of tax return preparers, including tax preparers, enrolled agents, certified public accountants (CPAs), attorneys, and many others who don’t have professional credentials. If you choose to have someone prepare your tax return, choose that preparer wisely. A paid tax preparer is: Primarily responsible for the overall substantive accuracy of your return, Required to sign the return, and Required to include their preparer tax identification number (PTIN). Although the tax preparer always signs the return, you're ultimately responsible for providing all the information required for the preparer to accurately prepare your return. Anyone paid to prepare tax returns for others should have a thorough understanding of tax matters. For more information on how to choose a tax preparer, go to Tips for Choosing a Tax Preparer on IRS.gov. Coronavirus. Go to IRS.gov/Coronavirus for links to information on the impact of the coronavirus, as well as tax relief available for individuals and families, small and large businesses, and tax-exempt organizations. Tax reform. Tax reform legislation affects individuals, businesses, and tax-exempt and government entities. Go to IRS.gov/TaxReform for information and updates on how this legislation affects your taxes. Employers can register to use Business Services Online. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers online service at SSA.gov/employer for fast, free, and secure online W-2 filing options to CPAs, accountants, enrolled agents, and individuals who process Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, and Form W-2c, Corrected Wage and Tax Statement. IRS social media. Go to IRS.gov/SocialMedia to see the various social media tools the IRS uses to share the latest information on tax changes, scam alerts, initiatives, products, and services. At the IRS, privacy and security are paramount. We use these tools to share public information with you. Don’t post your SSN or other confidential information on social media sites. Always protect your identity when using any social networking site. The following IRS YouTube channels provide short, informative videos on various tax-related topics in English, Spanish, and ASL. Youtube.com/irsvideos. Youtube.com/irsvideosmultilingua. Youtube.com/irsvideosASL. Watching IRS videos. The IRS Video portal (IRSVideos.gov) contains video and audio presentations for individuals, small businesses, and tax professionals. Online tax information in other languages. You can find information on IRS.gov/MyLanguage if English isn’t your native language. Free interpreter service. Multilingual assistance, provided by the IRS, is available at Taxpayer Assistance Centers (TACs) and other IRS offices. Over-the-phone interpreter service is accessible in more than 350 languages. Getting tax forms and publications. Go to IRS.gov/Forms to view, download, or print all of the forms, instructions, and publications you may need. You can also download and view popular tax publications and instructions (including the Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR) on mobile devices as an eBook at IRS.gov/eBooks. Or you can go to IRS.gov/OrderForms to place an order. Access your online account (individual taxpayers only). Go to IRS.gov/Account to securely access information about your federal tax account. View the amount you owe, pay online, or set up an online payment agreement. Access your tax records online. Review your payment history. Go to IRS.gov/SecureAccess to review the required identity authentication process. Using direct deposit. The fastest way to receive a tax refund is to file electronically and choose direct deposit, which securely and electronically transfers your refund directly into your financial account. Direct deposit also avoids the possibility that your check could be lost, stolen, or returned undeliverable to the IRS. Eight in 10 taxpayers use direct deposit to receive their refunds. The IRS issues more than 90% of refunds in less than 21 days. Getting a transcript of your return. The quickest way to get a copy of your tax transcript is to go to IRS.gov/Transcripts. Click on either “Get Transcript Online” or “Get Transcript by Mail” to order a free copy of your transcript. If you prefer, you can order your transcript by calling 800-908-9946. Reporting and resolving your tax-related identity theft issues. Tax-related identity theft happens when someone steals your personal information to commit tax fraud. Your taxes can be affected if your SSN is used to file a fraudulent return or to claim a refund or credit. The IRS doesn’t initiate contact with taxpayers by email, text messages, telephone calls, or social media channels to request personal or financial information. This includes requests for personal identification numbers (PINs), passwords, or similar information for credit cards, banks, or other financial accounts. Go to IRS.gov/IdentityTheft, the IRS Identity Theft Central webpage, for information on identity theft and data security protection for taxpayers, tax professionals, and businesses. If your SSN has been lost or stolen or you suspect you’re a victim of tax-related identity theft, you can learn what steps you should take. Get an Identity Protection PIN (IP PIN). IP PINs are six-digit numbers assigned to eligible taxpayers to help prevent the misuse of their SSNs on fraudulent federal income tax returns. When you have an IP PIN, it prevents someone else from filing a tax return with your SSN. To learn more, go to IRS.gov/IPPIN. Checking on the status of your refund. Go to IRS.gov/Refunds. The IRS can’t issue refunds before mid-February 2021 for returns that claimed the EIC or the additional child tax credit (ACTC). This applies to the entire refund, not just the portion associated with these credits. Download the official IRS2Go app to your mobile device to check your refund status. Call the automated refund hotline at 800-829-1954. Making a tax payment. The IRS uses the latest encryption technology to ensure your electronic payments are safe and secure. You can make electronic payments online, by phone, and from a mobile device using the IRS2Go app. Paying electronically is quick, easy, and faster than mailing in a check or money order. Go to IRS.gov/Payments for information on how to make a payment using any of the following options. IRS Direct Pay: Pay your individual tax bill or estimated tax payment directly from your checking or savings account at no cost to you. Debit or Credit Card: Choose an approved payment processor to pay online, by phone, or by mobile device. Electronic Funds Withdrawal: Offered only when filing your federal taxes using tax return preparation software or through a tax professional. Electronic Federal Tax Payment System: Best option for businesses. Enrollment is required. Check or Money Order: Mail your payment to the address listed on the notice or instructions. Cash: You may be able to pay your taxes with cash at a participating retail store. Same-Day Wire: You may be able to do same-day wire from your financial institution. Contact your financial institution for availability, cost, and cut-off times. What if I can’t pay now? Go to IRS.gov/Payments for more information about your options. Apply for an online payment agreement (IRS.gov/OPA) to meet your tax obligation in monthly installments if you can’t pay your taxes in full today. Once you complete the online process, you will receive immediate notification of whether your agreement has been approved. Use the Offer in Compromise Pre-Qualifier to see if you can settle your tax debt for less than the full amount you owe. For more information on the Offer in Compromise program, go to IRS.gov/OIC. Filing an amended return. You can now file Form 1040-X electronically with tax filing software to amend 2019 Forms 1040 and 1040-SR. To do so, you must have e-filed your original 2019 return. Amended returns for all prior years must be mailed. See Tips for taxpayers who need to file an amended tax return and go to IRS.gov/Form1040X for information and updates. Checking the status of your amended return. Go to IRS.gov/WMAR to track the status of Form 1040-X amended returns. Please note that it can take up to 3 weeks from the date you filed your amended return for it to show up in our system, and processing it can take up to 16 weeks. Understanding an IRS notice or letter you’ve received. Go to IRS.gov/Notices to find additional information about responding to an IRS notice or letter. Contacting your local IRS office. Keep in mind, many questions can be answered on IRS.gov without visiting an IRS Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC). Go to IRS.gov/LetUsHelp for the topics people ask about most. If you still need help, IRS TACs provide tax help when a tax issue can’t be handled online or by phone. All TACs now provide service by appointment, so you’ll know in advance that you can get the service you need without long wait times. Before you visit, go to IRS.gov/TACLocator to find the nearest TAC and to check hours, available services, and appointment options. Or, on the IRS2Go app, under the Stay Connected tab, choose the Contact Us option and click on “Local Offices.” The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Is Here To Help You What Is TAS? TAS is an independent organization within the IRS that helps taxpayers and protects taxpayer rights. Their job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights under the Taxpayer Bill of Rights. What Can TAS Do For You? TAS can help you resolve problems that you can’t resolve with the IRS. And their service is free. If you qualify for their assistance, you will be assigned to one advocate who will work with you throughout the process and will do everything possible to resolve your issue. TAS can help you if: Your problem is causing financial difficulty for you, your family, or your business; You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action; or You’ve tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn’t responded by the date promised. How Can You Reach TAS? TAS has offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Your local advocate’s number is in your local directory and at TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov/Contact-Us. You can also call them at 877-777-4778. How Else Does TAS Help Taxpayers? TAS works to resolve large-scale problems that affect many taxpayers. If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to them at IRS.gov/SAMS. Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) LITCs are independent from the IRS. LITCs represent individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems with the IRS, such as audits, appeals, and tax collection disputes. In addition, clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. Services are offered for free or a small fee for eligible taxpayers. To find a clinic near you, visit TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov/about/LITC or see IRS Pub. 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List.