Individual Shared Responsibility Provision
The individual shared responsibility provision requires you and each member of your family to do at least one of the following:
- Have qualifying health coverage called minimum essential coverage
- Qualify for a health coverage exemption
- Make a shared responsibility payment with your federal income tax return for the months that you did not have coverage or an exemption.
For Tax Year 2016, the IRS will not consider a return complete and accurate if the taxpayer does not report full-year coverage, claim a coverage exemption, or report a shared responsibility payment on the tax return. Most taxpayers have qualifying health care coverage for all 12 months in the year, and will check the "Full-year coverage" box on their return.
Find out if you’re eligible for a coverage exemption or must make a payment by using our interactive tool, Am I eligible for a coverage exemption or required to make an Individual Shared Responsibility Payment?.
Everyone in your family must:
Report Minimum Essential Coverage
Minimum essential coverage includes:
Health coverage providers, the Marketplace, and some employers will issue Form 1095 information documents early in the tax filing season. If you receive these information forms you should keep them with your tax documents. The forms should not be filed with your tax return.
For any month that you or anyone in your family does not have minimum essential coverage, you will need to claim or report a coverage exemption or make a shared responsibility payment when you file your tax return.
Claim or Report a Coverage Exemption
How you get an exemption depends upon the type of coverage exemption for which you are eligible. You can claim most exemptions when you file your tax return. However, you must get certain exemptions from your Marketplace in advance. You'll report a marketplace-granted exemption when you file your tax return.
You may be exempt if you meet one of the following:
Calculate and Make a Shared Responsibility Payment
In general, the annual payment amount is the greater of a percentage of your household income or a flat dollar amount, but is capped at the national average premium for a bronze level health plan available through the Marketplace.
If you must make a payment, you can use the worksheets located in the instructions to Form 8965, Health Coverage Exemptions, to figure the shared responsibility payment amount due. For more information about determining the amount and reporting your payment on your tax return, see our Reporting and Calculating the Payment page.
To estimate the amount of individual shared responsibility payment you may owe - see this shared responsibility payment estimator.
More detailed information about the individual shared responsibility provision is available on our questions and answers , our resources pages and on the Tax Topic 561 - Individual Shared Responsibility Provision page.