Contents About This Guide General Information Accessible IRS Materials Change Font Size Plug-ins and File Viewers Information for specific assistive technologies Desktop Screen Readers JAWs MAC Voice Over Mobile Screen Readers Android Talkback IOS Voice Over Desktop Screen Magnifiers ZoomText Speech Recognition Software Dragon Naturally Speaking (DNS) About this guide This guide will help you use your assistive technology screen readers, screen magnifiers, and speech recognition software to access the content and features on IRS.gov. General Information Accessible IRS Materials You can find accessible forms and publications in the following formats: PDF Braille and text HTML Large print E-pub You can also find American Sign Language (ASL) YouTube videos on many tax topics. For more information, see IRS Tax Help for People with Disabilities. Change Font Size For easier readability you can change the font size in many web browsers. Increase font: Hold down the Ctrl key (Command key on a Macintosh) and press the + (plus) key Decrease font: Hold down the Ctrl key (Command key on a Macintosh) and press the - (minus) key Plug-Ins and File Viewers Some content on the IRS.gov requires additional file viewers or applets. We have listed a few below for your convenience. These links are to non-government sources. IRS does not endorse any of these products. If you have questions about a particular plug-in or file viewer, ask the respective vendor. Adobe Acrobat Use Adobe Acrobat Reader to read Portable Document Format (PDF) files. Microsoft Office Documents (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) Microsoft offers Office viewers to enable you to open and view Office files if you don't have Office applications installed. CSV files are tabular data in text format that you can open with any text viewer or import into a spreadsheet. 7-Zip Zip (.zip) files are single files, sometimes called "archives", that contain one or more compressed files. Use 7-Zip or similar file extractor program to open and extract them. Specific Assistive Technologies Guidance Desktop screen readers Guidance for using JAWS or macOS VoiceOver or screen readers. For other screen readers, please refer to the manufacturers guide for basic commands. JAWS JAWS Actions and Commands JAWS Action(s) Commands Virtual HTML Features INSERT + F3 List Frames INSERT + F9 List Links INSERT + F7 Next Link TAB Prior Link SHIFT + TAB Activate Button or Link ENTER KEY List Buttons INSERT + CTRL + B List Edit Boxes INSERT + CTRL + E List Radio Buttons INSERT + CTRL + A List Check Boxes INSERT + CTRL + X Move to start of document CTRL + HOME Move to end of document CTRL + END JAWS Form Actions and Commands JAWS Form Action(s) Commands List Headings INSERT + F6 List of Form Fields INSERT + F5 Next Heading H Previous Heading SHIFT + H JAWS Table Actions and Commands JAWS Table Action(s) Commands List Tables INSERT + CTRL + T Read from Beginning of Row to Current Cell INSERT + SHIFT + HOME Read from Current Cell to End of Row INSERT + SHIFT + PAGE UP Read current row SHIFT + UP ARROW Read current column SHIFT + NUMPAD 5 JAWS Reading Actions and Commands JAWS Reading Action(s) Commands Read continuously from current position INSERT + DOWN ARROW Stop reading CTRL Read Current Sentence ALT + NUMPAD 5 Next Sentence ALT + DOWN ARROW Previous Sentence ALT + UP ARROW JAWs Additional Guidance When the header panel (Example File, Pay…) is open use the down arrow to navigate the submenu. JAWS command CTRL + Home returns you to the top of the page after activating the "Skip to Main Content" link. Search using JAWS To find the search box using JAWS, use insert + F3. Select the "Edit Boxes List", then select Ok button. Select "Search Edit Search" you will be directed to the edit box to do your search. Input the desired phrase, then press enter. When the "Search Results page displays" tab to "skip to main content Link", then press enter. This will take you to the main area where the results are displayed. Tab to find the item you are searching for. Use Filter on the Search Results Tab to the "More info about the … Filters button" Tab and select the preferred filter. Initiate a new search using JAWS Tab to one of the search edit boxes, then type in your new search phrase, or repeat the above steps for Searching using JAWS. macOS VoiceOver macOS VoiceOver Actions and Commands macOS VoiceOver Action(s) Commands Home VO + H Select Next/Previous Item VO + Left or Right Arrow Activate Item VO + Spacebar Find the next heading VO + Command + H Find the previous heading VO + Command + Shift + H Find the next control VO + Command + J Find the previous control SHIFT + TAB Find the next Table VO + Command + T Find the previous Table VO + Command + Shift + T Find the next Link VO + Command + L Find the previous Link VO + Command + Shift + L Find the next Paragraph VO + Shift + Page Down Find the previous Paragraph VO + Shift + Page Up Read the next line VO + Down Arrow Read the previous line VO + Up Arrow Read all from current position VO + A Read all from Top VO + B Mobile Screen Readers Android TalkBack (TB) for Android 4.1 or higher Android TalkBack (TB) Actions and Commands for Android 4.1 or higher Android TalkBack Navigation Action(s) Commands Move to next item ALT + SHIFT+ RIGHT ARROW Move to previous Item ALT + SHIFT+ LEFT ARROW Move to first item ALT + SHIFT+ UP ARROW Move to last item ALT + SHIFT+ DOWN ARROW Click focused element ALT + SHIFT+ ENTER Android Talkback Global Actions and Commands Android TalkBack Global Action(s) Commands Back ALT + SHIFT+ BACKSPACE Home ALT + SHIFT+ H Recent Apps ALT + SHIFT+ R Notifications ALT + SHIFT+ N Search the screen ALT + SHIFT+ /(FORWARD SLASH) Next navigation setting ALT + SHIFT+ EQUALS (=) Previous navigation setting ALT + SHIFT+ MINUS (-) Open global context menu ALT + SHIFT+ G Open local context menu ALT + SHIFT+ L Pause or Resume Talkback ALT + SHIFT+ Z Stop Talkback Speech CRTL Talkback Additional Guidance Talkback will read the "Continue" button on IRS.gov pages and will only announce "Double tap to activate" when user selects the radio buttons for the options available. Talkback reads consecutive numerical digits as a single number and each digit individually in the Control number field. For example, the following Control number "12345678910234" would be read as: "Twelve trillion, thirty-four billion, etc." iOS VoiceOver iOS VoiceOver Actions and Commands iOS VoiceOver Action(s) Gesture Commands To go Home Slide one finger up from the bottom edge until you feel vibration Switch between applications Slide up farther from the bottom until you feel a second vibration To use Control Center Slide one finger down from the top edge until you feel vibration To use Notification Center Slide down farther from the top edge until you feel vibration Scroll Page Swipe three fingers to scroll Select Next/Previous Item Swipe Right or Left Select item Tap once Activate selected item Double tap iOS VoiceOver (Versions 12/13) Additional Guidance For iOS VoiceOver there is a known issue where the count of Form Controls or Buttons will include the browser's built in controls in addition to any form controls that are present on the web page. For example, VoiceOver may include the back button, forward button, refresh button, and other built in controls. There are only 3 form controls or buttons at any given time on the page. There is a known issue where VoiceOver does not announce second to last digit being deleted from an input field. VoiceOver may announce "Form Start" at different places throughout the Identify Verification application. "Form Start" refers to portions of the webpage that accept user input, not a specific IRS tax form. Desktop Screen Magnifiers ZoomText Actions and Commands for using ZoomText ZoomText Action(s) Commands ZoomText Command Keys Caps Lock + Ctrl +U; or Help and Learning Turn speech on or off Caps Lock + Alt + enter Increase magnification Caps Lock + arrow up Decrease magnification Caps Lock + arrow down Turn color enhancements on and off Caps Lock + C Zoomtext Additional Guidance When navigating any Search Result pages, use the tab key to navigate to "skip to main content" to minimize keystrokes then tab twice to reach the Results on the page. Tab through the results to find what you need or do another search. Use the down arrow to expand the header panel (Example File, Pay…) then use tab to navigate through the submenu. Speech Recognition Software Dragon Naturally Speaking (DNS) Use Dragon Naturally Speaking version 14 for Windows or version 6 for macOS for best results Dragon Naturally Speaking Actions and Commands Keyboard Action(s) Commands Turn the microphone on or off Plus key (+) on the numeric keypad Open the Correction menu Minus key (-) on the numeric keypad Force words to be recognized as commands Press and hold down the CTRL key Force words to be recognized as dictation Press and hold down the SHIFT key Open the Naturally Speaking menu Asterisk key (*) on the numeric keypad Put the microphone to sleep or wake it up Slash key (/) on the numeric keypad Press-to-talk Zero key (0) on the numeric keypad Dragon Naturally Speaking Speech Actions and Commands Speech Action(s) Commands Turn the microphone on or off Say "Wake up" or "Go to Sleep" Show navigation commands Say "What can I say" List all links Say "Click Link" List (radio) buttons Say "Click (radio) button" List checkboxes Say "Click checkbox" List edit boxes/text field Say "Click edit box" or "Click text field" Top of Page Say "Move page up" Bottom of Page Say "Move page down" Move mouse up/down Say "Move mouse up" or "Move mouse down" Move mouse left/right Say "Move mouse left" or "Move mouse right" Use Mouse Grid to move/select specific items Say "MouseGrid" Dragon Naturally Speaking Additional Guidance To expand the header panel (Example File, Pay…) use Dragon commands to navigate the page. Use the following commands: Say "Click Link" then state the number of the Link you need to select (example the number displayed for File) state "Chose 6". The File page will be displayed. You can state click link to select the items on the submenu of the File page (example Individuals page) The desired submenu will be activated and Dragon Naturally Speaking users routed to the selected submenu link.