- 1040EZ - Introductory Material
- 1040EZ - Main Contents
- Section 1Before You Begin
- What's New
- You May Benefit From Filing Form 1040A or 1040 in 2017
- Death of a Taxpayer
- Foreign Financial Assets
- Parent of a Kidnapped Child
- Section 2Filing Requirements
- Do You Have To File?
- Checklist for Using Form 1040EZ
- When Should You File?
- Should You Use Another Form?
- What Filing Status Can You Use?
- Filing Requirement Charts
- Section 3Line Instructions for Form 1040EZ
- Name and Address
- Social Security Number (SSN)
- Presidential Election Campaign Fund
- Income (Lines 16)
- Line 1, Wages, Salaries, and Tips
- Line 2, Taxable Interest
- Line 3, Unemployment Compensation and Alaska Permanent Fund Dividends
- Line 6, Taxable Income
- Payments, Credits, and Tax (Lines 712)
- Line 7, Federal Income Tax Withheld
- Lines 8a and 8b, Earned Income Credit (EIC)
- Definitions and Special Rules
- EIC Table
- Line 9
- Line 10, Tax
- Line 11, Health Care: Individual Responsibility
- Line 12, Total Tax
- Refund Offset
- Lines 13a Through 13d
- Reasons Your Direct Deposit Request Will Be Rejected
- Amount You Owe
- Line 14, Amount You Owe
- What if You Cannot Pay?
- Third Party Designee
- Signing Your Return
- Section 4After You Have Finished
- Section 5General Information
- Income tax withholding and estimated tax for 2018.
- Secure your records from identity theft.
- Protect yourself from suspicious emails or phishing schemes.
- How long should records be kept?
- Amended return.
- Need a copy of your tax return information?
- Past due returns.
- Innocent spouse relief.
- How do you make a gift to reduce debt held by the public?
- The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here To Help You
- Suggestions for Improving the IRS Taxpayer Advocacy Panel
- Section 6How To Get Tax Help
- Access your online account (Individual taxpayers only).
- Preparing and filing your tax return.
- Getting tax forms and publications.
- Where to file your tax return.
- Getting a transcript or copy of a return.
- Using online tools to help prepare your return.
- Resolving tax-related identity theft issues
- Checking on the status of a refund.
- Making a tax payment.
- What if I cant pay now?
- Checking the status of an amended return.
- Understanding an IRS notice or letter.
- Contacting your local IRS office.
- Watching IRS videos.
- Getting tax Information in other languages.
- Refund Information
- Tax Topics
- Tax Table
- Major Categories of Federal Income and Outlays for Fiscal Year 2016
- Section 1Before You Begin
- 1040EZ - Additional Material
We have designed the instructions to make it as simple and clear as possible to file your tax return. We did this by arranging the instructions for Form 1040EZ preparation in the most helpful order.
"Section 2—Filing Requirements" helps you decide if you even have to file.
"Section 3—Line Instructions for Form 1040EZ" follows the main sections of the form, starting with "Top of the Form" and ending with "Signing Your Return." Cut-outs from the form connect the instructions visually to the form.
"Section 4—After You Have Finished" gives you a checklist for completing a return. It also gives you information about filing the return.
"Section 6—How To Get Tax Help" has topics such as how to get tax help, forms, instructions, and publications. It also gives you other useful information, such as how to check the status of a refund.
For the latest information about developments related to Form 1040EZ and its instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to IRS.gov/Form1040EZ.
We want you to use the proper filing status as you go through the instructions and tables. You can use Form 1040EZ to file as "Single" or "Married filing jointly."
If you qualify for another filing status, such as "Head of household" or "Qualifying widow(er)," you may be able to lower your taxes by using Form 1040A or 1040 instead. See Pub. 501, Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information, for more information.
We use icons throughout the booklet to draw your attention to special information. Here are some key icons:
||IRS e-file. This alerts you to many online benefits, particularly electronic tax filing, available to you at IRS.gov.|
||Tip. This lets you know about possible tax benefits, helpful actions to take, or sources for additional information.|
||Caution. This tells you about special rules, possible consequences to actions, and areas where you need to take special care to make correct entries.|
Writing in information.
Sometimes we will ask you to make an entry "in the space to the left of line . . ." The following example (using line 1) will help you make the proper entry:
Even if you can use Form 1040EZ, it may benefit you to use Form 1040A or 1040 instead. See Should You Use Another Form in Section 2, later.
Disaster tax relief was enacted for those impacted by certain Presidentially declared disasters. The tax benefits provided by this relief include the following.
An increased standard deduction based on your qualified disaster losses. If you can increase your standard deduction due to such a loss, use Form 1040 instead. See Pub. 976 for more information.
Election to use your 2016 earned income to figure your 2017 earned income credit. See Lines 8a and 8b in Section 3, later, for more information on this election.
To see if you were impacted by one of the Presidentially declared disasters eligible for this relief or to get more information about disaster tax relief, see Pub. 976.
Due date of return.
File Form 1040EZ by April 17, 2018. The due date is April 17, instead of April 15, because April 15 is a Sunday and April 16 is the Emancipation Day holiday in the District of Columbia (which changes your filing deadline even if you don’t live in the District of Columbia).
Earned income credit (EIC).
You may be able to take the EIC if you earned less than $15,010 ($20,600 if married filing jointly). See Lines 8a and 8b in Section 3, later.
Access your online account.
You must authenticate your identity. To securely log in to your federal tax account, go to IRS.gov/Account. View the amount you owe, review 18 months of payment history, access online payment options, and create or modify an online payment agreement. You can also access your tax records online.
To combat identity fraud, the IRS has upgraded its identity verification process for certain self-help tools on IRS.gov. To find out what types of information new users will need, go to IRS.gov/SecureAccess.
Mailing your return.
If you live in Connecticut, District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, or West Virginia and you are mailing your return, you will need to mail it to a different address this year. See Where Do You File? at the end of these instructions.
New withholding tables.
To reflect changes made by the tax reform legislation, the IRS has released updated income-tax withholding tables. The new withholding tables are designed to work with the Form(s) W-4 you have already filed with your employer. To see if you need to have your withholding increased or decreased, use the IRS Withholding Calculator at IRS.gov/W4App. The calculator is being revised to take into account these changes and should be available by the end of February.
Due to the following tax law changes, you may benefit from filing Form 1040A or 1040, even if you normally file Form 1040EZ. See the instructions for Form 1040A or 1040, as applicable.
Earned income credit (EIC) if children lived with you.
The maximum adjusted gross income (AGI) you can have and still claim the EIC has increased. You may be able to claim the credit if your AGI is less than the amount below that applies to you. The maximum investment income you can have and still claim the credit is $3,450.
You may be able to claim a larger EIC using Form 1040A or 1040 if:
Three or more children lived with you and you earned less than $48,340 ($53,930 if married filing jointly),
Two children lived with you and you earned less than $45,007 ($50,597 if married filing jointly), or
One child lived with you and you earned less than $39,617 ($45,207 if married filing jointly).
If a taxpayer died before filing a return for 2017, the taxpayer's spouse or personal representative may have to file and sign a return for that taxpayer. A personal representative can be an executor, administrator, or anyone who is in charge of the deceased taxpayer's property. If the deceased taxpayer did not have to file a return but had tax withheld, a return must be filed to get a refund. The person who files the return must enter "Deceased," the deceased taxpayer's name, and the date of death across the top of the return. If this information isn’t provided, it may delay the processing of the return.
You can file a joint return even if your spouse died in 2017 as long as you did not remarry in 2017. You can also file a joint return even if your spouse died in 2018 before filing a return for 2017. A joint return should show your spouse's 2017 income before death and your income for all of 2017. Enter "Filing as surviving spouse" in the area where you sign the return. If someone else is the personal representative, he or she also must sign.
The surviving spouse or personal representative should promptly notify all payers of income, including financial institutions, of the taxpayer's death. This will ensure the proper reporting of income earned by the taxpayer's estate or heirs. A deceased taxpayer's social security number should not be used for tax years after the year of death, except for estate tax return purposes.
Claiming a refund for a deceased taxpayer.
If you are filing a joint return as a surviving spouse, you only need to file the tax return to claim the refund. If you are a court-appointed representative, file the return and include a copy of the certificate that shows your appointment. All other filers requesting the deceased taxpayer's refund must file the return and attach Form 1310.
For more details, see Tax Topic 356 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics or see Pub. 559.
If you had foreign financial assets in 2017, you may have to file Form 8938 with your return. If you have to file Form 8938, you must use Form 1040. You can’t use Form 1040EZ. For more information about foreign financial assets and the requirements for filing Form 8938, see the Instructions for Form 8938.
If your child is presumed by law enforcement authorities to have been kidnapped by someone who isn’t a family member, you may be able to take the child into account in determining your eligibility for the head of household or qualifying widow(er) filing status, the dependency exemption, the child tax credit, and the earned income credit (EIC). But you have to file Form 1040A or 1040 to claim these benefits. For details, see Pub. 501 (Pub. 596 for the EIC).
These rules apply to all U.S. citizens, regardless of where they live, and resident aliens.
Have you tried IRS e-file? It's the fastest way to get your refund and it's free if you are eligible. Visit IRS.gov for details.
Were you (or your spouse if filing a joint return) age 65 or older at the end of 2017? If you were born on January 1, 1953, you are considered to be age 65 at the end of 2017.
||Yes. Use Pub. 501 to see if you must file a return. If so, use Form 1040A or 1040.|
||No. Use the Filing Requirement Charts, later in this Section 2, to see if you must file a return. See the Tip next if you have earned income.|
Even if you don’t have to file a return, you should file one to get a refund of any federal income tax withheld. You also should file if you are eligible for the earned income credit.
Death of taxpayer in 2017.
If you are preparing a return for someone who died in 2017, use the Filing Requirement Charts, later in this section, only if the person died at least 2 days before his or her 65th birthday. Otherwise, use Pub. 501 to see if you must file a return.
Exception for certain children under age 19 or full-time students.
If certain conditions apply, you can elect to include on your return the income of a child who was under age 19 at the end of 2017 or was a full-time student under age 24 at the end of 2017. To do so, use Forms 1040 and 8814. If you make this election, your child doesn't have to file a return. For details, see Tax Topic 553 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics or see Form 8814.
A child born on January 1, 1999, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2017. For a full-time student, a child born on January 1, 1994, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2017. Don’t use Form 8814 for such a child.
These rules also apply if you were a resident alien. Also, you may qualify for certain tax treaty benefits. See Pub. 519 for details.
Nonresident aliens and dual-status aliens.
You were married to a U.S. citizen or resident alien at the end of 2017.
You elected to be taxed as a resident alien.
See Pub. 519 for details.
Specific rules apply to determine if you are a resident alien, nonresident alien, or dual-status alien. Most nonresident aliens and dual-status aliens have different filing requirements and may have to file Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ. Pub. 519 discusses these requirements and other information to help aliens comply with U.S. tax law.
You can use Form 1040EZ if all of the items in the following checklist apply.
||Your filing status is single or married filing jointly. If you were a nonresident alien at any time in 2017, see Nonresident aliens after this checklist.|
||You don’t claim any dependents.|
||You don’t claim any adjustments to income. See the Tax Topics for Adjustments to Income at IRS.gov/TaxTopics.|
||If you claim a tax credit, you claim only the earned income credit. See the Tax Topics for Tax Credits at IRS.gov/TaxTopics.|
||You (and your spouse if filing a joint return) were under age 65 and not blind at the end of 2017. If you were born on January 1, 1953, you are considered to be age 65 at the end of 2017 and can’t use Form 1040EZ.|
||Your taxable income (line 6 of Form 1040EZ) is less than $100,000.|
||You had only wages, salaries, tips, taxable scholarship or fellowship grants, unemployment compensation, or Alaska Permanent Fund dividends, and your taxable interest wasn’t over $1,500.|
||If you received interest, you aren't required to file Schedule B, you didn't earn any interest as a nominee, and you don't have amounts in boxes 11, 12, or 13 of your Form 1099-INT or boxes 6 or 10 of your Form 1099-OID.|
||If you earned tips, they are included in boxes 5 and 7 of your Form W-2.|
||You don’t owe any household employment taxes on wages you paid to a household employee. To find out who owes these taxes, see Tax Topic 756 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics.|
||You aren’t a debtor in a chapter 11 bankruptcy case filed after October 16, 2005.|
||Advance payments of the premium tax credit weren’t made for you, your spouse, or any individual you enrolled in coverage for whom no one else is claiming the personal exemption.|
||Advance payments of the health coverage tax credit weren't made for you, your spouse, or other qualifying family member.|
If you don’t meet all of the requirements, you must use Form 1040A or 1040. See Tax Topic 352 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics to find out which form to use.
If you were a nonresident alien at any time in 2017, your filing status must be married filing jointly to use Form 1040EZ. If your filing status isn't married filing jointly, you may have to use Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ. Specific rules apply to determine if you were a nonresident or resident alien. See Pub. 519 for details, including the rules for students and scholars who are aliens.
File Form 1040EZ by April 17, 2018. (The due date is April 17, instead of April 15, because April 15 is a Sunday and April 16 is the Emancipation Day holiday in the District of Columbia, which changes your filing deadline even if you don’t live in the District of Columbia.) If you file after this date, you may have to pay interest and penalties. See What if You Cannot File on Time? in Section 4, later, for information on how to get more time to file. There is also information about interest and penalties.
If you were serving in, or in support of, the U.S. Armed Forces in a designated combat zone or contingency operation, you may be able to file later. See Pub. 3 for details.
If you e-file your return, there is no need to mail it. However, if you choose to mail it, filing instructions and addresses are at the end of these instructions.
Even if you can use Form 1040EZ, you may benefit from using Form 1040A or 1040 instead. For example, you can file as head of household (which usually results in a lower tax than filing as single) only on Form 1040A or 1040. You can claim the credit for excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withheld or the retirement savings contributions credit (saver's credit) only on Form 1040A or 1040. For more information on these credits, see Tax Topic 608 and 610 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics. See Getting tax forms and publications in section 6, later, for ways to get other forms and publications.
Premium tax credit.
If you or your spouse, with whom you are filing a joint return, enrolled in health insurance through the Marketplace you may be eligible for a premium tax credit. You must file Form 1040A or 1040 to claim the premium tax credit. You may also be eligible to claim the premium tax credit for any dependent you claim on Form 1040A or 1040 who enrolled in health insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace. For more information on the premium tax credit, see Pub. 974.
Tax benefits for education.
If you paid higher education expenses, you may be eligible for a tax credit or deduction. You may be eligible to claim a credit (and receive a refund) even if you owe no income tax. You must file Form 1040A or 1040 to claim these tax benefits. For more information on tax benefits for education, see Pub. 970.
You can itemize deductions only on Form 1040. You will benefit by itemizing if your itemized deductions total more than your standard deduction. For 2017, the standard deduction is $6,350 for most single people and $12,700 for most married people filing a joint return. See Tax Topic 501 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics. But if someone can claim you (or your spouse if married) as a dependent, your standard deduction is the amount on line E of the Worksheet for Line 5 on the back of Form 1040EZ.
Increased standard deduction.
If you can increase your standard deduction due to a loss you suffered related to property in one of the Presidentially declared disaster areas eligible for this relief, you must use Form 1040 to do so. See Pub. 976 for more information.
Use this filing status if any of the following was true on December 31, 2017.
You were never married.
You were legally separated, according to your state law, under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. But if your divorce wasn’t final (an interlocutory decree), you are considered married and cannot use the single filing status.
You were widowed before January 1, 2017, and didn’t remarry before the end of 2017.
Married filing jointly.
Use this filing status if any of the following apply.
You were married at the end of 2017, even if you didn’t live with your spouse at the end of 2017.
Your spouse died in 2017, and you didn’t remarry in 2017.
You were married at the end of 2017, and your spouse died in 2018 before filing a 2017 return.
If you and your spouse file jointly, report your combined income and deduct your combined allowable expenses on one return. You can file a joint return even if only one of you had income or if you didn’t live together all year. However, both of you must sign the return. Once you file a joint return, you can’t choose to file separate returns for that year after the due date of the return.
For information about marital status, see Pub. 501.
Joint and several tax liability.
If you file a joint return, both you and your spouse are generally responsible for the tax and interest or penalties due on the return. This means that if one spouse doesn't pay the tax due, the other may have to. Or, if one spouse doesn't report the correct tax, both spouses may be responsible for any additional taxes assessed by the IRS. You may want to file separately if:
You believe your spouse isn't reporting all of his or her income, or
You don’t want to be responsible for any taxes due if your spouse doesn't have enough tax withheld or doesn't pay enough estimated tax.
If you want to file separately, you can't use Form 1040EZ; instead, you must use Form 1040A or 1040. See Innocent spouse relief in Section 5, later, for information about relief from liability for tax on a joint return.
||Chart A and B users—if you have to file a return, you may be able to file Form 1040EZ. See Checklist for Using Form 1040EZ, earlier.|
Chart A—For Most People
|IF your filing status is . . .||AND your gross income* was at least . . .||THEN . . .|
|Single||$10,400||File a return|
|Married filing jointly**||$20,800||File a return|
|*Gross income means all income you received in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax, including any income from sources outside the United States or from the sale of your main home (even if you can exclude part or all of it).
**If you did not live with your spouse at the end of 2017 (or on the date your spouse died) and your gross income was at least $4,050, you must file a return.
Chart B—For Children and Other Dependents
|If your parent (or someone else) can claim you as a dependent, use this chart.||
|File a return if any of the following apply.||
|1 Unearned income includes taxable interest, ordinary dividends, and capital gain distributions. It also includes unemployment compensation, taxable social security benefits, pensions, annuities, and distributions of unearned income from a trust.
2 Earned income includes salaries, wages, tips, professional fees, and taxable scholarship or fellowship grants.
3 Gross income is the total of your unearned and earned income.
Chart C—Other Situations When You Must File
|You must file a return using Form 1040A or 1040 if any of the following apply for 2017.|
|•||You owe tax from the recapture of an education credit (see Form 8863).|
|•||Advance payments of the premium tax credit were made for you, your spouse, or any individual you enrolled in coverage for whom no one else is claiming the personal exemption. You or whoever enrolled you should have received Form(s) 1095-A showing the amount of the advance payments.|
|You must file a return using Form 1040 if any of the following apply for 2017.|
|•||You owe any special taxes, such as social security and Medicare tax on tips you didn't report to your employer or on wages you received from an employer who didn't withhold these taxes.|
|•||You owe write-in taxes, including uncollected social security and Medicare or RRTA tax on tips you reported to your employer or on group-term life insurance, or additional tax on a health savings account.|
|•||You had net earnings from self-employment of at least $400.|
|•||You had wages of $108.28 or more from a church or qualified church-controlled organization that is exempt from employer social security and Medicare taxes.|
|•||You owe any recapture taxes, other than from the recapture of an education credit, including repayment of the first-time homebuyer credit (see Form 5405).|
|•||You owe additional tax on a qualified plan, including an individual retirement arrangement (IRA), or other tax-favored account. But if you are filing a return only because you owe this tax, you can file Form 5329 by itself.|
|•||You owe household employment taxes. But if you are filing a return only because you owe this tax, you can file Schedule H (Form 1040) by itself.|
|•||You (or your spouse, if filing jointly) received health savings account, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA distributions.|
|•||Advance payments of the health coverage tax credit were made for you, your spouse, or other qualifying family member. You or whoever enrolled you should have received Form(s) 1099-H showing the amount of the advance payments.|
Where To Report Certain Items From 2017 Forms W-2, 1095, 1097, 1098, and 1099
|Part 1||Items That Can Be Reported on Form 1040EZ||If any federal income tax withheld is shown on the forms in Part 1, include the tax withheld on Form 1040EZ, line 7.|
|Form||Item and Box in Which It Should Appear||Where To Report on Form 1040EZ|
|W-2||Wages, tips, other compensation (box 1)||Line 1|
|Allocated tips (box 8)||See the instructions for Form 1040EZ, line 1|
|1099-G||Unemployment compensation (box 1)||Line 3|
|1099-INT||Interest income (box 1)||See the instructions on Form 1099-INT and the instructions for Form 1040EZ, line 2|
|Interest on U.S. savings bonds and Treasury obligations (box 3)||See the instructions for Form 1040EZ, line 2|
|Tax-exempt interest (box 8)||See the instructions for Form 1040EZ, line 2|
|1099-OID||Original issue discount (box 1)
Other periodic interest (box 2)
Original issue discount on U.S. Treasury Obligations (box 8)
Tax-exempt OID (box 11)
|See the instructions on Form 1099-OID
See the instructions on Form 1099-OID
See the instructions on Form 1099-OID
See the instructions on Form 1099-OID
|SSA-1099||Social security benefits||See the instructions for Form 1040EZ, line 6|
|RRB-1099||Railroad retirement benefits||See the instructions for Form 1040EZ, line 6|
|Part 2||Items That May Require Filing Another Form|
|Form||Item and Box in Which it Should Appear||Other Form|
|W-2||Dependent care benefits (box 10)
Adoption benefits (box 12, code T)
|Must file Form 1040A or 1040
Must file Form 1040
|Employer contributions to a health savings account (box 12, code W)||Must file Form 1040 if required to file Form 8889 (see the
instructions for Form 8889)
|Amount reported in box 12, code R or Z||Must file Form 1040|
|Uncollected social security and Medicare or RRTA tax (box 12, Code A, B, M, or N)||Must file Form 1040|
|W-2G||Gambling winnings (box 1)||Must file Form 1040|
|1095-A||Advance payment of premium tax credit (Part III, column C)||Must file Form 1040A or 1040. See the Instructions for Form 8962|
|1097-BTC||Bond tax credit||Must file Form 1040|
|1098-E||Student loan interest (box 1)||Must file Form 1040A or 1040 to deduct|
|1098-T||Qualified tuition and related expenses (box 1)||Must file Form 1040A or 1040 to claim, but first see the instructions on Form 1098-T|
|1099-C||Canceled debt (box 2)||Generally must file Form 1040 (see Pub. 4681)|
|1099-DIV||Dividends and distributions||Must file Form 1040A or 1040|
|1099-INT||Early withdrawal penalty (box 2)||Must file Form 1040 to deduct|
|Interest on U.S. savings bonds and Treasury
obligations (box 3)
|See the instructions on Form 1099-INT|
|Foreign tax paid (box 6)
Bond premium (box 11)
Bond premium on Treasury obligations (box 12)
Bond premium on tax-exempt bond (box 13)
|Must file Form 1040 to deduct or take a credit for the tax
Must file Form 1040A or 1040
Must file Form 1040A or 1040
Must file Form 1040A or 1040
|1099-LTC||Long-term care and accelerated death benefits||Must file Form 1040 if required to file Form 8853 (see the instructions for Form 8853)|
|1099-MISC||Miscellaneous income||Must file Form 1040|
|1099-OID||Early withdrawal penalty (box 3)
Acquisition premium (box 6)
Bond premium (box 10)
|Must file Form 1040 to deduct
Must file Form 1040A or 1040
Must file Form 1040A or 1040
|1099-Q||Qualified education program payments||Must file Form 1040 if taxable (see Pub. 970)|
|1099-QA||Distributions from ABLE accounts||Must file Form 1040 if taxable (see Pub. 907)|
|1099-R||Distributions from pensions, annuities, IRAs, etc.||Must file Form 1040A or 1040|
|1099-SA||Distributions from HSAs and MSAs*||Must file Form 1040|
|* This includes distributions from Archer and Medicare Advantage MSAs.|
You may be eligible for free tax software that will take the guesswork out of preparing your return. Free File makes available free brand-name software and free e-file. Visit IRS.gov/FreeFile for details.
Print or type the information in the spaces provided.
If you filed a joint return for 2016 and you are filing a joint return for 2017 with the same spouse, be sure to enter your names and SSNs in the same order as on your 2016 return.
If you changed your name because of marriage, divorce, or for any other reason, be sure to report the change to the Social Security Administration (SSA) before filing your return. This prevents delays in processing your return and issuing refunds. It also safeguards your future social security benefits.
If you plan to move after filing your return, use Form 8822 to notify the IRS of your new address.
Enter your P.O. box number only if your post office doesn't deliver mail to your home.
If you have a foreign address, enter the city name on the appropriate line (don’t enter any other information on that line), then also complete the spaces below that line. Don’t abbreviate the country name. Follow the country's practice for entering the postal code and the name of the province, county, or state.
An incorrect or missing SSN can increase your tax, reduce your refund, or delay your refund. To apply for an SSN, fill in Form SS-5 and return it, along with the appropriate evidence documents, to the Social Security Administration (SSA). You can get Form SS-5 online at SSA.gov, from your local SSA office, or by calling the SSA at 1-800-772-1213. It usually takes about 2 weeks to get an SSN once the SSA has all the evidence and information it needs.
Check that both the name and SSN on your Forms 1040EZ, W-2, and 1099 agree with your social security card. If they don’t, your exemption(s) and any earned income credit may be disallowed, your refund may be delayed, and you may not receive credit for your social security earnings. If your Form W-2 shows an incorrect name or SSN, notify your employer or the form-issuing agent as soon as possible to make sure your earnings are credited to your social security record. If the name or SSN on your social security card is incorrect, call the SSA.
IRS individual taxpayer identification numbers (ITINs) for aliens.
If you are a nonresident or resident alien and you don’t have and aren't eligible to get an SSN, you must apply for an ITIN. It takes about 7 weeks to get an ITIN.
If you already have an ITIN, enter it wherever your SSN is requested on your tax return.
Some ITINs must be renewed. If you haven't used your ITIN on a federal tax return at least once for tax years 2014, 2015, or 2016 or if your ITIN has the middle digits 70, 71, 72, or 80 (9NN-70-NNNN), it expired at the end of 2017 and must be renewed if you need to file a federal tax return in 2018. You don't need to renew your ITIN if you don't need to file a federal tax return. You can find more information at IRS.gov/ITIN.
An ITIN is for tax use only. It doesn't entitle you to social security benefits or change your employment or immigration status under U.S. law.
For more information on ITINs, including application, expiration, and renewal, see Form W-7 and its instructions.
If you receive an SSN after previously using an ITIN, stop using your ITIN. Use your SSN instead. Visit a local IRS office or write a letter to the IRS explaining that you now have an SSN and want all your tax records combined under your SSN. Details about what to include with the letter and where to mail it are at IRS.gov/ITIN.
This fund helps pay for Presidential election campaigns. The fund reduces candidates' dependence on large contributions from individuals and groups and places candidates on an equal financial footing in the general election. The fund also helps pay for pediatric medical research. If you want $3 to go to this fund, check the box. If you are filing a joint return, your spouse also can have $3 go to the fund. If you check a box, your tax or refund won't change.
You can round off cents to whole dollars on your return. If you do round to whole dollars, you must round all amounts. To round, drop amounts under 50 cents and increase amounts from 50 to 99 cents to the next dollar. For example, $1.39 becomes $1 and $2.50 becomes $3.
If you have to add two or more amounts to figure the amount to enter on a line, include cents when adding the amounts and round off only the total.
You received two Forms W-2, one showing wages of $5,009.55 and one showing wages of $8,760.73. On Form 1040EZ, line 1, you would enter $13,770 ($5,009.55 + $8,760.73 = $13,770.28).
If you received a refund, credit, or offset of state or local income taxes in 2017, you may receive a Form 1099-G.
For the year the tax was paid to the state or other taxing authority, did you file Form 1040EZ or 1040A?
||Yes.||None of your refund is taxable.|
||No.||You may have to report part or all of the refund as income on Form 1040 for 2017. For more information, see the Instructions for Form 1040 or Pub. 525.|
If you received social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, you should receive a Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099. These forms will show the total benefits paid to you in 2017 and the amount of any benefits you repaid in 2017. Use the Worksheet To See if Any of Your Social Security Benefits Are Taxable, later in this Section 3. If any of your benefits are taxable, you must use Form 1040A or 1040. For more details, see Pub. 915.
A registered domestic partner in Nevada, Washington, or California generally must report half the combined community income of the individual and his or her domestic partner. See Form 8958 and Pub. 555. If you file Form 8958, you must use Form 1040.
Enter the total of your wages, salaries, and tips. If you are filing a joint return, also include your spouse's wages, salaries, and tips. For most people, the amount to enter on this line should be shown on their Form(s) W-2 in box 1. But you must include all of your wages, salaries, and tips in the total on line 1, even if they aren't shown on your Form(s) W-2. For example, the following types of income must be included in the total on line 1.
Wages received as a household employee. An employer isn’t required to provide a Form W-2 to you if he or she paid you wages of less than $2,000 in 2017. If you received wages as a household employee and you didn't receive a Form W-2 because an employer paid you less than $2,000 in 2017, enter "HSH" and the amount not reported to you on a Form W-2 in the space to the left of line 1.
Tip income you didn't report to your employer. But you must use Form 1040 and Form 4137 if (a) you received tips of $20 or more in any month and didn’t report the full amount to your employer, or (b) your Form(s) W-2 shows allocated tips that you must report as income. You must report the allocated tips shown on your Form(s) W-2 unless you can prove that you received less. Allocated tips should be shown on your Form(s) W-2 in box 8. They aren't included as income in box 1. See Pub. 531 for more details.
Scholarship and fellowship grants not reported on a Form W-2. Also, enter "SCH" and the amount in the space to the left of line 1. However, if you were a degree candidate, include on line 1 only the amounts you used for expenses other than tuition and course-related expenses. For example, amounts used for room, board, and travel must be reported on line 1. For more information on taxable scholarships and grants, see Pub. 970.
You must use Form 1040A or 1040 if you received dependent care benefits for 2017. You must use Form 1040 if you received employer-provided adoption benefits for 2017.
Missing or incorrect Form W-2?
Your employer is required to provide or send Form W-2 to you no later than January 31, 2018. If you don’t receive it by early February, see Tax Topic 154 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics to find out what to do. Even if you don’t get a Form W-2, you still must report your earnings on line 1. If you lose your Form W-2 or it is incorrect, ask your employer for a new one.
Before you begin:
|1.||Enter the amount from box 5 of all your Forms SSA-1099
and Forms RRB-1099
|2.||Is the amount on line 1 more than zero?|
||None of your social security benefits are taxable.|
Multiply line 1 by 50% (0.50)
|3.||Enter your total wages, salaries, tips, etc., from Form(s) W-2. Also, include any taxable unemployment compensation and Alaska Permanent Fund dividends you received (see the instructions for Form 1040EZ, line 3, later)||3.|
|4.||Enter your total interest income, including any tax-exempt interest||4.|
|5.||Add lines 2, 3, and 4||5.|
|6.||If you are:
• Single, enter $25,000
|• Married filing jointly, enter $32,000|
|7.||Is the amount on line 6 less than the amount on line 5?|
||None of your social security or railroad retirement benefits are taxable this year. You can use Form 1040EZ. Do not list your benefits as income.|
||Some of your benefits are taxable this year. You must use Form 1040A or 1040.|
If you received interest payments or owned a debt instrument with original issue discount (OID), you should receive a Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID from each payer. Report all of your taxable interest income on line 2 even if you didn’t receive a Form 1099-INT or 1099-OID. If you are filing a joint return, also include any taxable interest received by your spouse.
Include interest received on amounts deposited with banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, or similar organizations. If interest was credited in 2017 on deposits that you couldn't withdraw because of the bankruptcy or insolvency of the financial institution, you may be able to exclude part or all of that interest from your 2017 income. But you must use Form 1040A or 1040 to do so. See Pub. 550 for details.
For more information on interest received, see Tax Topic 403 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics.
You should also include taxable interest on bonds and other securities. If you cashed U.S. series EE or I savings bonds in 2017 that were issued after 1989 and you paid certain higher education expenses during the year, you may be able to exclude from income part or all of the interest on those bonds. But you must use Form 8815 and Form 1040A or 1040 to do so.
You must use Form 1040A or 1040 if you received taxable interest of more than $1,500. You also must use Form 1040A or 1040 if any of the following apply.
You received interest as a nominee (that is, in your name but the interest income actually belongs to someone else).
You received interest from a seller-financed mortgage and the buyer used the property as a personal residence.
You have accrued interest from a bond.
You are reporting original issue discount (OID) in an amount less than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID.
You are reducing your interest income on a bond by the amount of amortizable bond premium.
You are claiming the exclusion of interest from series EE or I U.S. savings bonds issued after 1989.
You had a financial interest in or signature authority over one or more foreign financial accounts (such as bank accounts) with a combined value over $10,000 at any time during 2017.
If you received tax-exempt interest (including any tax-exempt original issue discount (OID)), such as interest on municipal bonds, each payer should send you a Form 1099-INT or a Form 1099-OID. In general, your tax-exempt stated interest should be shown in box 8 of Form 1099-INT or, for a tax-exempt OID bond, in box 2 of Form 1099-OID and your tax-exempt OID should be shown in box 11 of Form 1099-OID. Enter “TEI” and the amount in the space to the left of line 2. See Pub. 550 for more information about OID. Do not include tax-exempt interest in the total on line 2.
You must use Form 1040A or Form 1040 if any of the following apply.
You received tax-exempt interest as a nominee (that is, in your name but the interest actually belongs to someone else).
You have accrued tax-exempt interest from a bond.
You are reporting tax-exempt OID in an amount less than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID.
You are reducing your tax-exempt interest on a bond by the amount of amortizable bond premium.
You should receive a Form 1099-G showing in box 1 the total unemployment compensation paid to you in 2017. Report this amount on line 3. If you are filing a joint return, also report on line 3 any unemployment compensation received by your spouse. If you made contributions to a governmental unemployment compensation program or a governmental paid family leave program, reduce the amount you report on line 3 by those contributions.
If you received an overpayment of unemployment compensation in 2017 and you repaid any of it in 2017, subtract the amount you repaid from the total amount you received. Enter the result on line 3. However, if the result is zero or less, enter -0- on line 3. Also, enter "Repaid" and the amount you repaid in the space to the left of line 3. If, in 2017, you repaid unemployment compensation that you included in gross income in an earlier year, you can deduct the amount repaid; but you must use Form 1040 to do so. See Pub. 525 for details.
Alaska Permanent Fund dividends.
If you received Alaska Permanent Fund dividends, include them in the total on line 3. If you are filing a joint return, also report on line 3 any Alaska Permanent Fund dividends received by your spouse. You cannot use Form 1040EZ if you (or your spouse) received any other kind of dividends.
If a child's interest and Alaska Permanent Fund dividends total more than $2,100, he or she may be required to file Form 8615 and Form 1040A or 1040 instead of Form 1040EZ. The child's parent may, however, be able to include the child's income on the parent's return. If so, the child need not file a return, but the parent must file Form 8814 and Form 1040. For more information, see Exception for certain children under age 19 or full-time students in Section 2, earlier, and Pub. 929.
Your taxable income and filing status will determine the amount of tax you enter on line 10.
Please take extra care when subtracting line 5 from line 4 as figuring taxable income incorrectly is one of the most common errors on Form 1040EZ.
If you received Forms SSA-1099 or RRB-1099 (showing amounts treated as social security) use the Worksheet To See if Any of Your Social Security Benefits Are Taxable, earlier in this Section 3, to determine if you can file Form 1040EZ.
Enter the total amount of federal income tax withheld. This should be shown on your 2017 Form(s) W-2 in box 2.
If you received 2017 Form(s) 1099-INT, 1099-G, or 1099-OID showing federal income tax withheld, include the tax withheld in the total on line 7. This amount should be shown in box 4 of these forms.
The EIC is a credit for certain people who work. The credit may give you a refund even if you don’t owe any tax or didn’t have any tax withheld.
If you have a qualifying child, you may be able to claim a larger credit, but you must use Schedule EIC and Form 1040A or 1040 to do so. For more information about qualifying children, see (7) in Step 1, later, and Pub. 596.
Election to use prior year earned income.
You may be able to use your 2016 earned income to figure the EIC. You can make this election if both of the following apply.
Your 2016 earned income was greater than your 2017 earned income.
Your main home or the main home of your spouse if filing jointly was located in one of the Presidentially declared disaster areas eligible for this relief on the specified date. For details, including the specified dates and descriptions of the affected areas, see Pub. 976.
To make this election, enter "PYEI" and the amount of your 2016 earned income in the space next to line 8a. Also, be sure to enter your 2016 nontaxable combat pay on line 8b if you elected to include it in earned income.
Delayed refund for returns claiming EIC.
The IRS can't issue refunds before mid-February 2018 for returns that properly claimed the EIC. This applies to the entire refund, not just the portion associated with the EIC. The IRS expects that the earliest an EIC related refund will be available in a taxpayer's bank account or on a debit card is February 27, 2018, if the taxpayer chose direct deposit and there are no other issues with the tax return.
If you take the EIC even though you aren't eligible and it is determined that your error is due to reckless or intentional disregard of the EIC rules, you won't be allowed to take the credit for 2 years even if you are otherwise eligible to do so. If you fraudulently take the EIC, you won't be allowed to take the credit for 10 years. See Form 8862, who must file under Definitions and Special Rules, later. You also may have to pay penalties.
Follow Steps 1 through 3 next.
Complete the Earned Income Credit (EIC) Worksheet, later, or let the IRS figure the credit for you.
For help in determining if you are eligible for the EIC, go to IRS.gov/EITC and use the "EITC Assistant." This service is available in English and Spanish.
1. Is the amount on Form 1040EZ, line 4, less than $15,010 ($20,600 if married filing jointly)?
Go to question 2.
You cannot take the credit.
2. Do you, and your spouse if filing a joint return, have a social security number that allows you to work and is valid for EIC purposes (explained later in Social security number (SSN) under Definitions and Special Rules)?
Go to question 3.
You cannot take the credit. Enter "No" in the space to the left of line 8a.
3. Did you have $3,450 or less of taxable and tax-exempt interest?
Go to question 4.
You cannot take the credit.
4. Were you, or your spouse if filing a joint return, at least age 25 but under age 65 at the end of 2017? (Check "Yes" if you, or your spouse if filing a joint return, were born after December 31, 1952, and before January 2, 1993). If your spouse died in 2017 (or if you are preparing a return for someone who died in 2017), see Pub. 596 before you answer.
Go to question 5.
You cannot take the credit.
5. Was your main home, and your spouse's if filing a joint return, in the United States for more than half of 2017? Members of the military stationed outside the United States, see Members of the military under Definitions and Special Rules, later, before you answer.
Go to question 6.
You cannot take the credit. Enter "No" in the space to the left of line 8a.
6. Are you filing a joint return for 2017?
Skip questions 7 and 8; go to Step 2.
Go to question 7.
7. Look at the qualifying child conditions next. Could you be a qualifying child of another person in 2017? (Check "No" if the other person isn't required to file, and isn't filing, a 2017 return or is filing a 2017 return only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid (see Pub. 596 for examples).)
You cannot take the credit. Enter "No" in the space to the left of line 8a.
Go to question 8.
|A qualifying child for the EIC is someone who is another person’s...
Son, daughter, stepchild, foster child (defined later), brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew).
Under age 19 at the end of 2017 and younger than the other person
(or the other person’s spouse if they are filing jointly)
|Under age 24 at the end of 2017, a student (defined later), and younger than the other person (or the other person’s spouse if they are filing jointly)|
|Any age and permanently and totally disabled (defined later)|
|Who isn't filing a joint return for 2017 or is filing a joint return for 2017 only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid (see Pub. 596 for examples)|
|Who lived with the other person in the United States for more than half of 2017.|
||If you didn't live with the other person for more than half of 2017 because of a temporary absence, birth, death, or kidnapping, you may still be treated as if you had lived with the other person for more than half of 2017; see Exception to time you lived with the other person, under Definitions and Special Rules, later.|
8. Can you be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2017 tax return?
You cannot take the credit.
Go to Step 2.
*See Election to use prior year earned income, earlier, to see if you can make an election to use your 2016 amounts to figure earned income in this step.
1. Complete the following worksheet to figure your earned income.
|1.||Enter the amount from Form 1040EZ, line 1|
|2.||Enter any amount included on Form 1040EZ, line 1, that is a taxable scholarship or fellowship grant not reported on Form W-2|
|3.||Enter any amount included on Form 1040EZ, line 1, that you received for work performed while an inmate in a penal institution. (Enter "PRI" and the same amount on the dotted line next to Form 1040EZ, line 1)|
|4.||Enter any amount included on Form 1040EZ, line 1, that you received as a pension or annuity from a nonqualified deferred compensation plan or a nongovernmental section 457 plan. (Enter "DFC" and the same amount on the dotted line next to Form 1040EZ, line 1). This amount may be shown in box 11 of Form W-2. If you received such an amount but box 11 is blank, contact your employer for the amount received|
|5.||Add lines 2, 3, and 4|
|6.||Subtract line 5 from line 1|
|7.||Enter all your nontaxable combat pay if you elect to include it in earned income. Also enter this amount on Form 1040EZ, line 8b. See Combat pay, nontaxable, under Definitions and Special Rules, later|
|8.||Add lines 6 and 7. This is your earned income.|
2. Is your earned income less than $15,010 ($20,600 if married filing jointly)?
Go to Step 3.
You cannot take the credit.
(listed in alphabetical order)
|1.||Enter your earned income from Step 2, earlier||1.|
|2.||Look up the amount on line 1 above in the EIC Table, later, to find the credit. Be sure you use the correct column for your filing status (single or married filing jointly).|
|Enter the credit here||2.|
|If line 2 is zero,
|3.||Enter the amount from Form 1040EZ, line 4||3.|
|4.||Are the amounts on lines 3 and 1 the same?|
||Yes.||Skip line 5; enter the amount from line 2 on line 6.|
||No.||Go to line 5.|
|5.||Is the amount on line 3 less than $8,350 ($13,950 if married filing jointly)?|
||Yes.||Leave line 5 blank; enter the amount from line 2 on line 6.|
||No.||Look up the amount on line 3 in the EIC Table, later, to find the credit. Be sure you use the correct column for your filing status (single or married filing jointly).|
|Enter the credit here||5.|
|Look at the amounts on lines 5 and 2. Then, enter the smaller amount on line 6.|
|6.||Earned income credit. Enter this amount on Form 1040EZ, line 8a||6.|
||If your EIC for a year after 1996 was reduced or disallowed, see Form 8862, who must file under Definitions and Special Rules, later, to find out if you must file Form 8862 to take the credit for 2017.|
Combat pay, nontaxable.
If you were a member of the U.S. Armed Forces who served in a combat zone, certain pay is excluded from your income. See Combat Zone Exclusion in Pub. 3. You can elect to include this pay in your earned income when figuring the EIC. The amount of your nontaxable combat pay should be shown in box 12 of Form(s) W-2 with code Q. If you are filing a joint return and both you and your spouse received nontaxable combat pay, you can each make your own election. In other words, if one of you makes the election, the other one can choose whether to also make the election.
If you are using your 2016 earned income to figure your 2017 EIC and you elected to include nontaxable combat pay, be sure to use 2016 nontaxable combat pay and enter that amount on line 8b.
Credit figured by the IRS.
To have the IRS figure your EIC:
Enter "EIC" in the space to the left of line 8a on Form 1040EZ.
Be sure you enter the nontaxable combat pay you elect to include in earned income on Form 1040EZ, line 8b. See Combat pay, nontaxable, earlier.
If your EIC for a year after 1996 was reduced or disallowed, see Form 8862, who must file, later.
Exception to time you lived with the other person.
Temporary absences by you or the other person for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time lived with the other person. A child is considered to have lived with someone for more than half of 2017 if the child was born or died in 2017 and that person’s home was the child's home for more than half the time he or she was alive in 2017. Special rules apply to members of the military (see Members of the military, later) or if the child was kidnapped (see Pub. 596).
Form 8862, who must file.
You must file Form 8862 if your EIC for a year after 1996 was reduced or disallowed for any reason other than a math or clerical error. But don’t file Form 8862 if either of the following applies.
You filed Form 8862 for another year, the EIC was allowed for that year, and your EIC hasn’t been reduced or disallowed again for any reason other than a math or clerical error.
The only reason your EIC was reduced or disallowed in the earlier year was because it was determined that a child listed on Schedule EIC wasn’t your qualifying child.
Also, don’t file Form 8862 or take the credit for the:
2 years after the most recent tax year for which there was a final determination that your EIC claim was due to reckless or intentional disregard of the EIC rules, or
10 years after the most recent tax year for which there was a final determination that your EIC claim was due to fraud.
A foster child is a child who is placed with another person by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. For more details on authorized placement agencies, see Pub. 596.
Members of the military.
If you were on extended active duty outside the United States, your main home is considered to be in the United States during that duty period. Extended active duty is military duty ordered for an indefinite period or for a period of more than 90 days. Once you begin serving extended active duty, you are considered to be on extended active duty even if you don’t serve more than 90 days.
Permanently and totally disabled.
A person is permanently and totally disabled if, at any time in 2017, the person could not engage in any substantial gainful activity because of a physical or mental condition and a doctor has determined that this condition has lasted or can be expected to last continuously for at least a year or can be expected to lead to death.
Social security number (SSN).
For the EIC, a valid SSN is a number issued by the Social Security Administration unless "Not Valid for Employment" is printed on the social security card and the number was issued solely to allow the recipient of the SSN to apply for or receive a federally funded benefit. However, if "Valid for Work Only with DHS Authorization" is printed on your social security card, your SSN is valid for EIC purposes only as long as the DHS authorization is still valid.
To find out how to get an SSN, see Social Security Number (SSN), earlier, at the beginning of this Section 3. If you won’t have an SSN by the date your return is due, see What if You Cannot File on Time? in Section 4, later.
If you didn't have an SSN by the due date of your 2017 return (including extensions), you can't claim the EIC on either your original or an amended 2017 return, even if you later get an SSN.
For purposes of this credit, a student is a child who during any part of 5 calendar months of 2017 was enrolled as a full-time student at a school, or took a full-time, on-farm training course given by a school or a state, county, or local government agency. A school includes a technical, trade, or mechanical school. It doesn't include an on-the-job training course, correspondence school, or a school offering courses only through the Internet.
Welfare benefits, effect of credit on.
Any refund you receive as a result of taking the EIC can’t be counted as income when determining if you or anyone else is eligible for benefits or assistance, or how much you or anyone else can receive, under any federal program or under any state or local program financed in whole or in part with federal funds. These programs include Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly food stamps). In addition, when determining eligibility, the refund can’t be counted as a resource for at least 12 months after you receive it. Check with your local benefits coordinator to find out if your refund will affect your benefits.
|2017 Earned Income Credit (EIC) Table||
|Follow the two steps below to find your credit.|
|Step 1. Read down the "At least—But less than" columns and find the line that includes the amount you were told to look up from your EIC Worksheet, earlier.|
|Step 2. Then, read across the column for your filing status (Single or Married filing jointly). Enter the credit from that column on your EIC Worksheet.|
|If the amount you are looking up from the worksheet is–||And your filing status is–|
|Single||Married filing jointly|
|Your credit is–|
Add lines 7 and 8a. Enter the total on line 9.
Amount paid with request for extension of time to file.
If you requested an automatic extension of time to file Form 1040EZ using Form 4868, include on line 9 any amount paid with that form. Also include any amount you paid by electronic funds withdrawal, credit or debit card, or the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS) to get an extension. If you paid by credit or debit card, do not include on line 9 the convenience fee you were charged. To the left of line 9, enter "Form 4868" and show the amount paid.
Do you want the IRS to figure your tax for you?
||Yes. See chapter 30 of Pub. 17 for details, including who is eligible and what to do. If you have paid too much, we will send you a refund. If you did not pay enough, we will send you a bill.|
||No. Use the Tax Table later in these instructions.|
For each month of 2017, you must either:
Have qualifying health care coverage for yourself, your spouse (if filing jointly), and anyone you could claim as a dependent (you are treated as having coverage for any month in which you have coverage for at least 1 day of the month),
Qualify for an exemption from the requirement to have health care coverage, or
Make a shared responsibility payment with your tax return and enter the amount on this line.
If you had qualifying health care coverage (called minimum essential coverage) for every month of 2017 for yourself, your spouse (if filing jointly), and anyone you could claim as a dependent, check the box on this line and leave the entry space blank.
You can check the box even if:
A child you could claim as a dependent who was born or adopted during the year wasn’t covered by your insurance during the month of or months before birth or adoption (but the child must have had minimum essential coverage every month of 2017 following the birth or adoption), or
A spouse or anyone you could claim as a dependent who died during the year wasn’t covered by your insurance during the month of death and months after death (but he or she must have had minimum essential coverage every month of 2017 before death).
If you can’t check the box on this line, you must generally either claim a coverage exemption on Form 8965 or report a shared responsibility payment on line 11 for each month that you, your spouse (if filing jointly), or someone you can or do claim as a dependent didn't have coverage. See the Instructions for Form 8965 for information on coverage exemptions and figuring the shared responsibility payment. However, if you can be claimed as a dependent, you don’t need to check the box, claim a coverage exemption, or report a payment. Leave the entry space blank. You don’t need to attach Form 8965 or see its instructions.
If you or someone in your household had minimum essential coverage in 2017, the provider of that coverage is required to send you and the IRS a Form 1095‐A, Form 1095‐B, or Form 1095‐C (with Part III completed) that lists individuals in your family who were enrolled in the coverage and shows their months of coverage.
Individuals enrolled in health insurance coverage through the Marketplace generally receive this information on Form 1095‐A, Health Insurance Marketplace Statement.
Individuals enrolled in health insurance coverage provided by their employer generally receive this information on either Form 1095‐B, Health Coverage, or on Form 1095‐C, Employer‐Provided Health Insurance Offer and Coverage.
Individuals enrolled in a government‐sponsored health program or in other types of coverage generally receive this information on Form 1095‐B, Health Coverage.
You should receive the Form 1095-A by early February 2018 and Form 1095-B, or Form 1095-C, by early March 2018, if applicable. You don’t need to wait to receive your Form 1095-B or Form 1095-C to file your return. You may rely on other information about your coverage to complete line 11. Don’t include Form 1095-A, Form 1095-B, or Form 1095-C with your tax return.
Your health care coverage provider may have asked for your social security number. To understand why, go to IRS.gov/ACASSN.
Minimum essential coverage.
Most health care coverage that people have is minimum essential coverage.
Minimum essential coverage includes:
Most types of health care coverage provided by your employer;
Many types of government‐sponsored health care coverage including Medicare, most Medicaid coverage, and most health care coverage provided to veterans and active duty service members;
Health care coverage you buy through the Marketplace; and
Certain types of health care coverage you buy directly from an insurance company.
See the instructions for Form 8965 for more information on what qualifies as minimum essential coverage.
Reminder—Health care coverage.
If you need health care coverage, go to www.HealthCare.gov to learn about health insurance options for you and your family, how to buy health insurance, and how you might qualify to get financial assistance to buy health insurance.
Premium tax credit.
If you, your spouse, or a dependent enrolled in health insurance through the Marketplace, you may be able to claim the premium tax credit. You must file Form 1040A or 1040 to claim the premium tax credit. See Form 8962 and its instructions.
If line 13a is under $1, we will send the refund only on written request.
If you want to check the status of your refund, see Refund Information in Section 6, later. Information about your return will generally be available within 24 hours after the IRS receives your e-filed return, or 4 weeks after you mail your paper return. If you filed Form 8379 with your return, wait 14 weeks (11 weeks if you filed electronically).
If your refund is large, you may want to decrease the amount of income tax withheld from your pay by filing a new Form W-4 with your employer. See Income tax withholding and estimated tax payments for 2018 in Section 5, later.
Effect of refund on benefits.
Any refund you receive can’t be counted as income when determining if you or anyone else is eligible for benefits or assistance, or how much you or anyone else can receive, under any federal program or under any state or local program financed in whole or in part with federal funds. These programs include Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly food stamps). In addition, when determining eligibility, the refund can’t be counted as a resource for at least 12 months after you receive it. Check with your local benefit coordinator to find out if your refund will affect your benefits.
If you owe past-due federal tax, state income tax, state unemployment compensation debts, child support, spousal support, or certain federal nontax debts, such as student loans, all or part of the refund on line 13a may be used (offset) to pay the past-due amount. Offsets for federal taxes are made by the IRS. All other offsets are made by the Treasury Department's Bureau of the Fiscal Service. For federal tax offsets, you will receive a notice from the IRS. For all other offsets, you will receive a notice from the Fiscal Service. To find out if you may have an offset or if you have a question about it, contact the agency to which you owe the debt.
If you file a joint return and your spouse hasn’t paid past-due federal tax, state income tax, state unemployment compensation debts, child support, spousal support, or a federal nontax debt, such as a student loan, part or all of the refund on line 13a may be used (offset) to pay the past-due amount. But your part of the refund may be refunded to you if certain conditions apply and you complete Form 8379, Injured Spouse Allocation. For details, see Tax Topic 203 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics or see Form 8379.
Join the eight in 10 taxpayers who choose direct deposit—a fast, simple, safe, secure way to have your refund deposited automatically into your checking or savings account, including an individual retirement arrangement (IRA). For more information about IRAs, see IRA, later.
If you want us to directly deposit the amount shown on line 13a to your checking or savings account, including an IRA, at a bank or other financial institution (such as a mutual fund, brokerage firm, or credit union) in the United States:
Complete lines 13b through 13d (if you want your refund deposited to only one account), or
Check the box on line 13a and attach Form 8888 if you want to split the direct deposit of your refund into more than one account or use all or part of your refund to buy paper series I savings bonds.
If you don’t want your refund directly deposited to your account, don’t check the box on line 13a. Draw a line through the boxes on lines 13b and 13d. We will send you a check instead.
Account must be in your name.
Don't request a deposit of your refund to an account that isn’t in your name, such as your tax return preparer’s account. Although you may owe your tax return preparer a fee for preparing your return, don't have any part of your refund deposited into the preparer’s account to pay the fee.
The number of refunds that can be directly deposited to a single account or prepaid debit card is limited to three a year. After this limit is reached, paper checks will be sent instead. Learn more at IRS.gov/DepositLimit.
It is faster. You get your refund faster by direct deposit than you do by check.
It is more secure. There is no check that can get lost or stolen.
It is more convenient. You don’t have to make a trip to the bank to deposit your check.
It saves tax dollars. It costs the government less to refund by direct deposit.
It's proven itself. Nearly 98% of social security and veterans' benefits are sent electronically using direct deposit.
If you file a joint return and check the box on line 13a and attach Form 8888 or fill in lines 13b through 13d, your spouse may get at least part of the refund.
You can have your refund (or part of it) directly deposited to a traditional IRA, Roth IRA, or SEP-IRA, but not a SIMPLE IRA. You must establish the IRA at a bank or other financial institution before you request direct deposit. Make sure your direct deposit will be accepted. You also must notify the trustee or custodian of your account of the year to which the deposit is to be applied (unless the trustee or custodian won't accept a deposit for 2017). If you don't, the trustee or custodian can assume the deposit is for the year during which you are filing the return. For example, if you file your 2017 return during 2018 and don’t notify the trustee or custodian in advance, the trustee or custodian can assume the deposit to your IRA is for 2018. If you designate your deposit to be for 2017, you must verify that the deposit was actually made to the account by the due date of the return (not counting extensions). If the deposit isn't made by that date, the deposit isn't an IRA contribution for 2017. If you make a contribution to a traditional IRA for 2017, you may be able to take an IRA deduction, but you must file Form 1040A or 1040 to do so.
You and your spouse each may be able to contribute up to $5,500 ($6,500 if age 50 or older at the end of 2017) to a traditional IRA or Roth IRA for 2017. You may owe a penalty if your total contributions exceed these limits and the limits may be lower depending on your compensation income. For more information on IRA contributions, see Pub. 590-A.
For more information on IRAs, see Pub. 590-A and Pub. 590-B.
You can request a deposit of your refund (or part of it) to a TreasuryDirect® online account to buy U.S. Treasury marketable securities and savings bonds. For more information, go to go.usa.gov/3KvcP.
You can have your refund directly deposited into more than one account or use it to buy up to $5,000 in paper series I savings bonds. You don’t need a TreasuryDirect® account to do this. For more information, see the Form 8888 instructions.
You can’t file Form 8888 to split your refund into more than one account or buy paper series I savings bonds if Form 8379 is filed with your return.
The routing number must be nine digits. The first two digits must be 01 through 12 or 21 through 32. On the sample check later, the routing number is 250250025. Henry and Naomi Maple would use that routing number unless their financial institution instructed them to use a different routing number for direct deposits.
Ask your financial institution for the correct routing number to enter on line 13b if:
The routing number on a deposit slip is different from the routing number on your checks,
Your deposit is to a savings account that doesn't allow you to write checks, or
Your checks state they are payable through a financial institution different from the one at which you have your checking account.
Check the appropriate box for the type of account. Don’t check more than one box. If the deposit is to an account such as an IRA, health savings account, brokerage account, or other similar account, ask your financial institution whether you should check the "Checking" or "Savings" box. You must check the correct box to ensure your deposit is accepted. If your deposit is to a TreasuryDirect® online account, check the "Savings" box.
The account number can be up to 17 characters (both numbers and letters). Include hyphens but omit spaces and special symbols. Enter the number from left to right and leave any unused boxes blank. On the sample check below, the account number is 20202086. Don’t include the check number.
If the direct deposit to your account(s) is different from the amount you expected, you will receive an explanation in the mail about 2 weeks after your refund is deposited.
Sample Check—Lines 13b Through 13d
If any of the following apply, your direct deposit request will be rejected and a check will be sent instead.
You are asking to have a joint refund deposited to an individual account, and your financial institution(s) won't allow this. The IRS isn't responsible if a financial institution rejects a direct deposit.
The name on your account doesn't match the name on the refund, and your financial institution(s) won't allow a refund to be deposited unless the name on the refund matches the name on the account.
Three direct deposits of tax refunds already have been made to the same account or prepaid debit card.
You haven't given a valid account number.
You file your 2017 return after November 30, 2018.
Any numbers or letters on lines 13b through 13d are crossed out or whited out.
The IRS isn't responsible for a lost refund if you enter the wrong account information. Check with your financial institution to get the correct routing and account numbers and to make sure your direct deposit will be accepted.
To avoid interest and penalties, pay your taxes in full by April 17, 2018. You don’t have to pay if line 14 is under $1.
Include any estimated penalty for not paying enough tax during the year (explained later) in the amount you enter on line 14. Don’t include any estimated tax payments for 2018 in this payment. Instead, make the estimated tax payment separately.
Bad check or payment.
The penalty for writing a bad check to the IRS is $25 or 2% of the check, whichever is more. However, if the amount of the check is less than $25, the penalty equals the amount of the check. This penalty also applies to other forms of payment if the IRS doesn't receive the funds. See Tax Topic 206 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics.
IRS e-file offers several payment options. You can pay online, by phone, mobile device, cash (maximum $1,000 per day and per transaction), check, or money order. Visit IRS.gov/Payments for payment options.
IRS offers an electronic payment option that is right for you. Paying online is convenient and secure and helps make sure we get your payments on time. To pay your taxes online or for more information, go to IRS.gov/Payments. You can pay using any of the following methods.
IRS Direct Pay. For online transfers directly from your checking or savings account at no cost to you, go to IRS.gov/Payments.
Pay by Card. To pay by debit or credit card, go to IRS.gov/Payments. There is a convenience fee charged by these card providers.
Electronic Funds Withdrawal. Electronic Funds Withdrawal (EFW) is an integrated e-file/e-pay option offered when filing your federal taxes electronically using tax preparation software, through a tax professional or the IRS at IRS.gov/Payments.
Online Payment Agreement. If you can’t pay in full by the due date of your tax return, you can apply for an online monthly installment agreement at IRS.gov/Payments. Once you complete the online process, you will receive immediate notification of whether your agreement has been approved. There is a fee to set up an installment agreement.
IRS2Go. IRS2Go is the mobile application of the IRS; you can access Direct Pay or Pay By Card by downloading the application.
Paying by phone is another safe and secure method of paying electronically. Use one of the following methods.
Debit or credit card.
Call one of our service providers. Each charges a fee that varies by provider, card type, and payment amount.WorldPay US, Inc.
Official Payments Corporation
Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS).
To use EFTPS, you must be enrolled. You can enroll online or have an enrollment form mailed to you. To make a payment using EFTPS, call 1-800-555-4477 (English) or 1-800-244-4829 (Español). People who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability and who have access to TTY/TDD equipment can call 1-800-733-4829. For more information about EFTPS, go to IRS.gov/Payments or www.EFTPS.gov.
Cash is a new in-person payment option for individuals provided through retail partners with a maximum of $1,000 per day per transaction. To make a cash payment, you must first register online at www.officialpayments.com/fed, our Official Payment provider.
Before submitting a payment through the mail, please consider alternative methods. One of our safe, quick and easy electronic payment options might be right for you. If you choose to mail a tax payment, make your check or money order payable to "United States Treasury" for the full amount due. Don’t attach the payment to your return. Don’t send cash. Write "2017 Form 1040EZ" and your name, address, daytime phone number, and social security number (SSN) on your payment and attach Form 1040V. For the most up-to-date information on Form 1040-V, go to IRS.gov/Form1040V. If you are filing a joint return, enter the SSN shown first on your return.
To help us process your payment, enter the amount on the right side of the check like this: $ XXX.XX. Don’t use dashes or lines (for example, don’t enter "$XXX–" or "$XXX XX/100 ").
Mail your 2017 tax return, payment, and Form 1040-V to the address shown on the form that applies to you.
If you cannot pay the full amount shown on line 14 when you file, you can ask for:
An installment agreement, or
An extension of time to pay.
Under an installment agreement, you can pay all or part of the tax you owe in monthly installments. However, even if your request to pay in installments is granted, you will be charged interest and may be charged a late payment penalty on the tax not paid by April 17, 2018. You also must pay a fee. To limit the interest and penalty charges, pay as much of the tax as possible when you file. But before requesting an installment agreement, you should consider other less costly alternatives, such as a bank loan or credit card payment.
To ask for an installment agreement, you can apply online or use Form 9465. To apply online, go to IRS.gov/OPA.
Extension of time to pay.
If paying the tax when it is due would cause you an undue hardship, you can ask for an extension of time to pay by filing Form 1127 by April 17, 2018. You will still be charged interest on the tax not paid by April 15, 2018. An extension generally won't be granted for more than 6 months. You must pay the tax before the extension runs out. Penalties and interest will be imposed until taxes are paid in full. For the most up-to-date information on Form 1127, go to IRS.gov/Form1127.
You may have to pay a penalty if line 14 is at least $1,000 and it is more than 10% of the tax shown on your return. The "tax shown on your return" is the amount on line 10 minus the amount on line 8a. You may choose to have the IRS figure the penalty for you. If you owe a penalty, the IRS will send you a bill. However, if you want to figure the penalty yourself on Form 2210, you must file Form 1040A or 1040 to do so.
The penalty may be waived under certain conditions. See Pub. 505 for details.
Exceptions to the penalty.
You won't owe the penalty if your 2016 tax return was for a tax year of 12 full months and either of the following applies.
You had no tax shown on your 2016 return and you were a U.S. citizen or resident for all of 2016, or
Line 7 on your 2017 return is at least as much as the tax shown on your 2016 return.
If you want to allow your preparer, a friend, a family member, or any other person you choose to discuss your 2017 tax return with the IRS, check the "Yes" box in the "Third Party Designee" area of your return. Also, enter the designee's name, phone number, and any five digits the designee chooses as his or her personal identification number (PIN).
If you check the "Yes" box, you, and your spouse if filing a joint return, are authorizing the IRS to call the designee to answer any questions that may arise during the processing of your return. You also are authorizing the designee to:
Give the IRS any information that is missing from your return;
Call the IRS for information about the processing of your return or the status of your refund or payment(s);
Receive copies of notices or transcripts related to your return, upon request; and
Respond to certain IRS notices about math errors, offsets, and return preparation.
You aren't authorizing the designee to receive any refund check, bind you to anything (including any additional tax liability), or otherwise represent you before the IRS. If you want to expand the designee's authorization, see Pub. 947.
The authorization will automatically end no later than the due date (not counting extensions) for filing your 2018 tax return. This is April 15, 2019, for most people.
Form 1040EZ isn't considered a valid return unless you sign it. If you are filing a joint return, your spouse also must sign. If your spouse can’t sign the return, see Pub. 501. Be sure to date your return and enter your occupation(s). If you have someone prepare your return, you are still responsible for the correctness of the return. If your return is signed for you by a representative, you must have a power of attorney attached that specifically authorizes the representative to sign your return. To do this, you can use Form 2848. If you are filing a joint return as a surviving spouse, see Death of a Taxpayer in Section 1, earlier.
Court-appointed conservator, guardian, or other fiduciary.
If you are a court-appointed conservator, guardian, or other fiduciary for a mentally or physically incompetent individual who has to file Form 1040EZ, sign your name for the individual. You should also file Form 56, Notice Concerning Fiduciary Relationship, when you first begin those duties for the individual.
If your child can’t sign his or her return, either parent can sign the child's name in the space provided. Then, add "By (your signature), parent for minor child."
Daytime phone number.
Providing your daytime phone number may help speed the processing of your return. We may have questions about items on your return, such as the earned income credit. If you answer our questions over the phone, we may be able to continue processing your return without mailing you a letter. If you are filing a joint return, you can enter either your or your spouse's daytime phone number.
Identity protection PIN.
For 2017, if you received an IRS notice providing you with an Identity Protection Personal Identification Number (IP PIN), enter it in the IP PIN spaces provided below your daytime phone number. You must correctly enter all six numbers of your IP PIN. If you didn't receive a notice containing an IP PIN, leave these spaces blank.
New IP PINs are issued every year. Enter the latest IP PIN you received. IP PINs for 2017 tax returns generally were sent in December 2017.
If you are filing a joint return and both taxpayers receive an IP PIN, only the taxpayer whose social security number (SSN) appears first on the tax return should enter his or her IP PIN. However, if you are filing electronically, both taxpayers must enter their IP PINs.
If you need more information, go to IRS.gov/CP01A. If you received an IP PIN but misplaced it, call 1-800-908-4490.
Paid preparer must sign your return.
Generally, anyone you pay to prepare your return must sign it and include their preparer tax identification number (PTIN) in the space provided. The preparer must give you a copy of the return for your records. Someone who prepares your return but doesn't charge you shouldn’t sign your return.
Electronic return signatures! To file your return electronically, you must sign the return electronically using a personal identification number (PIN). If you are filing online using software, you must use a Self-Select PIN. If you are filing electronically using a tax practitioner, you can use a Self-Select PIN or a Practitioner PIN.
The Self-Select PIN method allows you to create your own PIN. If you are filing a joint return, both you and your spouse must create a separate PIN to enter as an electronic signature.
A PIN is any combination of five digits you choose except five zeros. If you use a PIN, there is nothing to sign and nothing to mail—not even your Forms W-2.
To verify your identity, you will be prompted to enter your adjusted gross income (AGI) from your originally filed 2016 federal income tax return, if applicable. Don’t use your AGI from an amended return (Form 1040X) or a math error correction made by the IRS. AGI is the amount shown on your 2016 Form 1040, line 38; Form 1040A, line 22; or Form 1040EZ, line 4. If you don’t have your 2016 income tax return, call the IRS at 1-800-908-9946 to get a free transcript of your return or visit IRS.gov/Transcript. (If you filed electronically last year, you may use your prior year PIN to verify your identity instead of your prior year AGI. The prior year PIN is the five-digit PIN you used to electronically sign your 2016 return.) You also will be prompted to enter your date of birth (DOB).
You can’t use the Self-Select PIN method if you are a first-time filer under age 16 at the end of 2017.
The Practitioner PIN method allows you to authorize your tax practitioner to enter or generate your PIN. The practitioner can provide you with details.
You must send in a paper Form 8453 if you are attaching or filing Form 2848 (for an electronic return signed by an agent).
This checklist can help you file a correct return. Mistakes can delay your refund or result in notices being sent to you. One of the best ways to file an accurate return is to file electronically. Tax software does the math for you and will help you avoid mistakes. You may be eligible to use free tax software that will take the guesswork out of preparing your return. Free File makes available free brand-name software and free e-file. Visit IRS.gov/FreeFile for details. Join the eight in 10 taxpayers who get their refunds faster by using direct deposit and e-file.
||Enter the correct social security number for you and your spouse, if married, in the space provided on Form 1040EZ? Check that your name and SSN agree with your social security card.|
||Use the amount from line 6, and the proper filing status, to find your tax in the Tax Table? Be sure you entered the correct tax on line 10.|
||Go through the three steps in the instructions for lines 8a and 8b, if you thought you could take the EIC? If you could take the EIC, did you take special care to use the proper filing status column in the EIC Table?|
||Check your math, especially when figuring your taxable income, federal income tax withheld, earned income credit, total payments, and your refund or amount you owe?|
||Check one or both boxes on line 5 if you (or your spouse) can be claimed as a dependent on someone's (such as your parents') 2017 return? Did you check the box even if that person chooses not to claim you (or your spouse)? Did you leave the boxes blank if no one can claim you (or your spouse) as a dependent?|
||Enter an amount on line 5? If you checked any of the boxes, did you use the worksheet on the back of Form 1040EZ to figure the amount to enter? If you did not check any of the boxes, did you enter $10,400 if single; $20,800 if married filing jointly?|
||Did you indicate qualifying heath care coverage for you, your spouse (if filing jointly), or anyone you could claim as a dependent by checking the box on line 11, claim an exemption from the requirement to have health care coverage by attaching Form 8965, or make a shared responsibility payment on line 11?|
||Sign and date Form 1040EZ and enter your occupation(s)?|
||Include your apartment number in your address if you live in an apartment?|
||Attach your Form(s) W-2 to the left margin of Form 1040EZ?|
||Include all the required information on your payment if you owe tax and are paying by check or money order? See the instructions for line 14 in Section 3, earlier.|
||File only one original return for the same year, even if you haven’t gotten your refund or haven’t heard from the IRS since you filed? Filing more than one original return for the same year or sending in more than one copy of the same return (unless we ask you to do so) could delay your refund.|
||Check the filing addresses at the end of these instructions before mailing your paper return. Over the next several years the IRS plans to reduce the number of paper tax return processing sites from five down to two. Because of this, you may need to mail your return to a different address than you have in the past.|
File Form 1040EZ by April 17, 2018. The due date is April 17, instead of April 15, because April 15 is a Sunday and April 16 is the Emancipation Day holiday in the District of Columbia (which changes your filing deadline even if you don’t live in the District of Columbia). If you file after this date, you may have to pay interest and penalties, discussed later in this Section 4.
If you were serving in, or in support of, the U.S. Armed Forces in a designated combat zone or a contingency operation, you may be able to file later. See Pub. 3 for details.
You can get an automatic 6-month extension to file your return if, no later than the date your return is due, you file Form 4868. For details, see Form 4868. Instead of filing Form 4868, you can apply for an automatic extension by making an electronic payment by the due date of your return.
An automatic 6-month extension to file doesn't extend the time to pay your tax. If you don’t pay your tax by the original due date of your return, you will owe interest on the unpaid tax and may owe penalties. See Form 4868.
If you make a payment with your extension request, see the instructions for line 9 in Section 3, earlier.
We can charge you interest and penalties on the amount you owe.
We will charge you interest on taxes not paid by their due date, even if an extension of time to file is granted. We also will charge you interest on penalties imposed for failure to file, negligence, fraud, substantial valuation misstatements, substantial understatements of tax, and reportable transaction understatements. Interest is charged on the penalty from the due date of the return (including extensions).
If you don’t file your return by the due date (including extensions), the penalty is usually 5% of the amount due for each month or part of a month your return is late, unless you have a reasonable explanation. If you do, include it with your return. The penalty can be as much as 25% of the tax due. The penalty is 15% per month, up to a maximum of 75%, if the failure to file is fraudulent. If your return is more than 60 days late, the minimum penalty will be $210 or the amount of any tax you owe, whichever is smaller.
Late payment of tax.
If you pay your taxes late, the penalty is usually ½ of 1% of the unpaid amount for each month or part of a month the tax isn't paid. The penalty can be as much as 25% of the unpaid amount. It applies to any unpaid tax on the return. This penalty is in addition to interest charges on late payments.
In addition to any other penalties, there is a penalty of $5,000 for filing a frivolous return. A frivolous return is one that doesn't contain information needed to figure the correct tax or shows a substantially incorrect tax because you take a frivolous position or desire to delay or interfere with the tax laws. This includes altering or striking out the preprinted language above the space where you sign. For a list of positions identified as frivolous, see Notice 2010-33, which is on page 609 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2010-17 at IRS.gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb10-17.pdf.
Are there other penalties?
Yes. There are penalties for negligence, substantial understatement of tax, reportable transaction understatements, filing an erroneous refund claim, and fraud. Criminal penalties may be imposed for willful failure to file, tax evasion, making a false statement, or identity theft. See Pub. 17 for details.
If you e-file your return, there is no need to mail it. However, if you choose to mail it, filing instructions and addresses are at the end of these instructions.
Private delivery services.
If you choose to mail your return, you can use only the following IRS-designated private delivery services to meet the "timely mailing treated as timely filing/paying" rule for tax returns and payments.
DHL Express 9:00, DHL Express 10:30, DHL Express 12:00, DHL Express Worldwide, DHL Express Envelope, DHL Import Express 10:30, DHL Import Express 12:00, and DHL Import Express Worldwide.
UPS Next Day Air Early AM, UPS Next Day Air, UPS Next Day Air Saver, UPS 2nd Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air A.M., UPS Worldwide Express Plus, and UPS Worldwide Express.
FedEx First Overnight, FedEx Priority Overnight, FedEx Standard Overnight, FedEx 2 Day, FedEx International Next Flight Out, FedEx International Priority, FedEx International First, and FedEx International Economy.
For the most current list of designated services, go to IRS.gov/PDS. The private delivery service can tell you how to get written proof of the mailing date.
For the IRS mailing address to use if you are using a private delivery service, go to IRS.gov/PDSStreetAddresses.
Private delivery services can't deliver items to P.O. boxes. You must use the U.S. Postal Service to mail any item to an IRS P.O. box address.
The IRS Mission. Provide America's taxpayers top-quality service by helping them understand and meet their tax responsibilities and enforce the law with integrity and fairness to all.
Income tax withholding and estimated tax for 2018.
You can use the IRS Withholding Calculator at IRS.gov/w4app, instead of Pub. 505 or the worksheets included with Form W-4 or W-4P, to determine whether you need to have your withholding increased or decreased.
In general, you don’t have to make estimated tax payments if you expect that your 2018 tax return will show a tax refund or a tax balance due of less than $1,000. See Pub. 505 for more details.
Secure your records from identity theft.
Identity theft occurs when someone uses your personal information, such as your name, social security number (SSN), or other identifying information, without your permission, to commit fraud or other crimes. An identity thief may use your SSN to get a job or may file a tax return using your SSN to receive a refund.
To reduce your risk:
Protect your SSN,
Ensure your employer is protecting your SSN, and
Be careful when choosing a tax preparer.
If your tax records are affected by identity theft and you receive a notice from the IRS, respond right away to the name and phone number printed on the IRS notice or letter. For more information, see Pub. 5027.
If your tax records aren't currently affected by identity theft but you think you are at risk due to a lost or stolen purse or wallet, questionable credit card activity or credit report, etc., visit IRS.gov/IdentityTheft to learn what steps you should take.
Victims of identity theft who are experiencing economic harm or a systemic problem, or are seeking help in resolving tax problems that haven't been resolved through normal channels, may be eligible for Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) assistance. You can reach TAS by calling the National Taxpayer Advocate Helpline at 1-877-777-4778. People who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability and who have access to TTY/TDD equipment can call 1-800-829-4059. Deaf or hard of hearing individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service available at www.GSA.gov/FedRelay.
Phishing is the creation and use of email and websites designed to mimic legitimate business emails and websites. The most common form is sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft.
The IRS doesn't initiate contacts with taxpayers via emails. Also, the IRS doesn't request detailed personal information through email or ask taxpayers for the PIN numbers, passwords, or similar secret access information for their credit card, bank, or other financial accounts.
If you receive an unsolicited email claiming to be from the IRS, forward the message to firstname.lastname@example.org. You may also report misuse of the IRS name, logo, forms, or other IRS property to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration toll-free at 1-800-366-4484. People who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability and who have access to TTY/TDD equipment can call 1-800-877-8339.
You can forward suspicious emails to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) at email@example.com or report them at www.ftc.gov/complaint. You can contact the FTC at www.ftc.gov/idtheft or 1-877-IDTHEFT (1-877-438-4338). People who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability and who have access to TTY/TDD equipment can call 1-866-653-4261. If you have been a victim of identity theft, see IdentityTheft.gov and Pub. 5027.
Visit IRS.gov and enter "identity theft" in the search box to learn more about identity theft and how to reduce your risk.
How long should records be kept?
Keep a copy of your tax return, worksheets you used, and records of all items appearing on it (such as Forms W-2 and 1099) until the statute of limitations runs out for that return. Usually, this is 3 years from the date the return was due or filed or 2 years from the date the tax was paid, whichever is later. You should keep some records longer. For more details, see chapter 1 of Pub. 17.
File Form 1040X to change a return you already filed. Generally, Form 1040X must be filed within 3 years after the date the original return was filed or within 2 years after the date the tax was paid, whichever is later. But you may have more time to file Form 1040X if you live in a federally declared disaster area or you are physically or mentally unable to manage your financial affairs. See Pub. 556 for details.
Go to "Where's My Amended Return" at IRS.gov/WMAR to track the status of your amended return. It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system.
Need a copy of your tax return information?
Tax return transcripts are free and are generally used to validate income and tax filing status for mortgage applications, student and small business loan applications, and during tax preparation. To get a free transcript:
Use Form 4506-T or 4506T-EZ, or
Call us at 1-800-908-9946.
If you need a copy of your actual tax return, use Form 4506. There is a fee for each return requested. See Form 4506 for the current fee. If your main home, principal place of business, or tax records are located in a federally declared disaster area, this fee will be waived.
Past due returns.
If you or someone you know needs to file past due tax returns, see Tax Topic 153 at IRS.gov/TaxTopics or visit IRS.gov/Individuals for help in filing those returns. Send the returns to the address that applies to you in the latest Form 1040EZ instructions. For example, if you are filing a 2014 return in 2018, use the address at the end of these instructions. However, if you got an IRS notice, mail the return to the address in the notice.
Innocent spouse relief.
Generally, both you and your spouse are each responsible for paying the full amount of tax, interest, and penalties on your joint return. However, you may qualify for relief from liability for tax on a joint return if (a) there is an understatement of tax because your spouse omitted income or claimed false deductions or credits, (b) you are divorced, separated, or no longer living with your spouse, or (c) given all the facts and circumstances, it wouldn't be fair to hold you liable for the tax. File Form 8857 to request relief. In some cases, Form 8857 may need to be filed within 2 years of the date on which the IRS first attempted to collect the tax from you. Do not file Form 8857 with your Form 1040EZ. For more information, see Pub. 971 and Form 8857 or you can call the Innocent Spouse office toll-free at 1-855-851-2009.
How do you make a gift to reduce debt held by the public?
If you wish to do so, make a check payable to "Bureau of the Fiscal Service." You can send it to:Bureau of the Fiscal Service
Attn Dept G
P.O. Box 2188
Parkersburg, WV 26106-2188
Or you can enclose the check with your income tax return when you file. In the memo section of the check, note that it is a gift to reduce the debt held by the public. Do not add your gift to any tax you may owe. See the instructions for line 14 for details on how to pay any tax you owe.
For information on how to make this gift online, go to www.TreasuryDirect.gov and click on "How To Make a Contribution to Reduce the Debt."
You may be able to deduct this gift on your 2018 tax return.
The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is an independent organization within the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that helps taxpayers and protects taxpayer rights. Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights under the Taxpayer Bill of Rights.
We can help you resolve problems that you can’t resolve with the IRS. And our service is free. If you qualify for our assistance, you will be assigned to one advocate who will work with you throughout the process and will do everything possible to resolve your issues. TAS can help you if:
Your problem is causing financial difficulty for you, your family, or your business.
You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action.
You’ve tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn’t responded by the date promised.
We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Your local advocate's number is in your local directory and at TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov. You can also call us at 1-877-777-4778.
The Taxpayer Bill of Rights describes ten basic rights that all taxpayers have when dealing with the IRS. Our Tax Toolkit at TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov can help you understand what these rights mean to you and how they apply. These are your rights. Know them. Use them.
TAS works to resolve large-scale problems that affect many taxpayers. If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us at IRS.gov/SAMS.
Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and who need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals, and tax collection disputes. Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. To find a clinic near you, visit IRS.gov/LITC or see Pub. 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List.
Have a suggestion for improving the IRS and do not know who to contact? The Taxpayer Advocacy Panel (TAP) is a diverse group of citizen volunteers who listen to taxpayers, identify taxpayers' issues, and make suggestions for improving IRS service and customer satisfaction. The panel is demographically and geographically diverse, with at least one member from each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Contact TAP at www.ImproveIRS.org or 1-888-912-1227 (toll-free).
If you have questions about a tax issue, need help preparing your tax return, or want to download free publications, forms or instructions, go to IRS.gov and find resources that can help you right away.
On IRS.gov get answers to your tax questions anytime, anywhere.
Go to IRS.gov/ITA for the Interactive Tax Assistant, a tool that will ask you questions on a number of tax law topics and provide answers. You can print the entire interview and final response for your records.
Go to IRS.gov/Pub17 to get Pub. 17, Your Federal Income Tax for Individuals, which features details on tax-saving opportunities, tax changes, and thousands of interactive links to help you find answers to your questions. View it online in HTML, as a PDF, or download it to your mobile device as an eBook.
You may also be able to access tax law information in your electronic filing software.
Access your online account (Individual taxpayers only).
Go to IRS.gov/Account to securely access information about your federal tax account.
View the amount you owe, pay online, or set up an online payment agreement.
Access your tax records online.
Review the past 18 months of your payment history.
Go to IRS.gov/SecureAccess to review the required identity authentication process.
Preparing and filing your tax return.
Find free options to prepare and file your return on IRS.gov or in your local community if you qualify.
The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program offers free tax help to people who generally make $54,000 or less, persons with disabilities, and limited-English-speaking taxpayers who need help preparing their own tax returns. The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program offers free tax help for all taxpayers, particularly those who are 60 years of age and older. TCE volunteers specialize in answering questions about pensions and retirement-related issues unique to seniors.
You can go to IRS.gov and click on the Filing tab to see your options for preparing and filing your return which include the following.
Free File. Go to IRS.gov/FreeFile. See if you qualify to use brand-name software to prepare and e-file your federal tax return for free.
VITA. Go to IRS.gov/VITA, download the free IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887 to find the nearest VITA location for free tax preparation.
TCE. Go to IRS.gov/TCE, download the free IRS2Go app, or call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest TCE location for free tax preparation.
Getting tax forms and publications.
Go to IRS.gov/Forms to view, download, or print all of the forms and publications you may need. You can also download and view popular tax publications and instructions on mobile devices as an eBook at no charge. Or, you can go to IRS.gov/OrderForms to place an order and have forms mailed to you within 10 business days.
Where to file your tax return.
Remember, there are many ways to file your return electronically. It’s safe, quick and easy. See Preparing and filing your tax return, earlier, for more information.
See Where Do You File? at the end of these instructions to determine where to mail your completed paper tax return.
Getting a transcript or copy of a return.
The quickest way to get a copy of your transcript is to go to IRS.gov/Transcripts. Click on either "Get Transcript Online" or "Get Transcript by Mail" to order a copy of your transcript. If you prefer, you can also:
Order your transcript by calling 1-800-908-9946, or
Mail Form 4506-T or Form 4506T-EZ (both available on IRS.gov).
Using online tools to help prepare your return.
Go to IRS.gov/Tools for the following.
The Earned Income Tax Credit Assistant (IRS.gov/EIC) determines if you are eligible for the EIC.
The Online EIN Application (IRS.gov/EIN) helps you get an employer identification number.
The IRS Withholding Calculator (IRS.gov/w4app) estimates the amount you should have withheld from your paycheck for federal income tax purposes.
The First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up (IRS.gov/Homebuyer) tool provides information on your repayments and account balance.
The Sales Tax Deduction Calculator (IRS.gov/SalesTax) figures the amount you can claim if you itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), choose not to claim state and local income taxes, and you didn’t save your receipts showing the sales tax you paid.
Resolving tax-related identity theft issues
The IRS doesn't initiate contact with taxpayers by email or telephone to request personal or financial information. This includes any type of electronic communication, such as text messages and social media channels.
Go to IRS.gov/IDprotection for information and videos.
If your SSN has been lost or stolen or you suspect you are a victim of tax-related identity theft, visit IRS.gov/ID to learn what steps you should take.
Checking on the status of a refund.
Go to IRS.gov/Refunds.
The IRS can't issue refunds before mid-February 2018, for returns that properly claim the earned income tax credit (EIC) or the additional child tax credit (ACTC). This applies to the entire refund, not just the portion associated with these credits. See Refund Information, later, for more information.
Download the free IRS2Go app to your smart phone and use it to check your refund status.
Call the automated refund hotline: 1-800-829-1954. See Refund Information, later.
Making a tax payment.
The IRS uses the latest encryption technology so electronic payments are safe and secure. You can make electronic payments online, by phone, or from a mobile device. Paying electronically is quick, easy, and faster than mailing in a check or money order. Go to IRS.gov/Payments to make a payment using any of the following options.
IRS Direct Pay : Pay your individual tax bill or estimated tax payment directly from your checking or savings account at no cost to you.
Debit or credit card: Choose an approved payment processor to pay online, by phone, and by mobile device.
Electronic Funds Withdrawal: Offered only when filing your federal taxes using tax preparation software or through a tax professional.
Electronic Federal Tax Payment System: Best option for businesses. Enrollment is required.
Check or money order: Mail your payment to the address listed on the notice or instructions.
Cash: You may be able to pay your taxes with cash at a participating retail store.
What if I can’t pay now?
Go to IRS.gov/Payments for more information about your options.
Apply for an online payment agreement (IRS.gov/OPA) to meet your tax obligations in monthly installments if you can't pay your taxes in full today. Once you complete the online process, you will receive immediate notification of whether your agreement has been approved.
Use the Offer-in-Compromise Pre-Qualifier (IRS.gov/OIC) to see if you can settle your tax debt for less than the full amount you owe.
Checking the status of an amended return.
Go to Where’s My Amended Return? at IRS.gov/WMAR to track the status of Form 1040X amended returns. Please note that it can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed your amended return for it show up in our system and processing it can take up to 16 weeks.
Understanding an IRS notice or letter.
Go to IRS.gov/Notices to find additional information about responding to an IRS notice or letter.
Contacting your local IRS office.
Keep in mind, many questions can be answered on IRS.gov without visiting an IRS Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC). Go to IRS.gov/LetUsHelp for the topics people ask about most. If you still need help, IRS TACs provide tax help when a tax issue can’t be handled online or by phone. All TACs now provide service by appointment, so you'll know in advance that you can get the service you need without long wait times. Before you visit, go to IRS.gov/TACLocator to find the nearest TAC and check hours, available services, and appointment options. Or, on the IRS2Go app, under the Stay Connected tab, choose the Contact Us options and click on "Local Offices."
Watching IRS videos.
The IRS Video portal (IRSvideos.gov) contains video and audio presentations on topics of interest to individuals, small businesses, and tax professionals.
Getting tax Information in other languages.
Taxpayers can find information on IRS.gov in the following languages.
The IRS TACs provide over-the-phone interpreter service in over 170 languages, and the service is available free to taxpayers.
Information about your refund generally will be available within 24 hours after the IRS receives your e-filed return, or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. But if you filed Form 8379 with your return, allow 14 weeks (11 weeks if you filed electronically) before checking your refund status. To check the status of your refund, go to Where's My Refund? at IRS.gov/Refunds or use the free IRS2Go app, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Delayed refunds for returns claiming certain credits.
The IRS can’t issue refunds before mid-February 2018 for returns that properly claimed the earned income credit or the additional child tax credit. This delay applies to the entire refund, not just the portion associated with these credits. The IRS expects that the earliest an earned income credit or additional child tax credit related refund will be available in a taxpayer's bank account or on a debit card is February 27, 2018, if the taxpayer chose direct deposit and there are no other issues with the tax return.
To use Where's My Refund, have a copy of your tax return handy. You will need to enter the following information from your return:
Your social security number (or individual taxpayer identification number),
Your filing status, and
The exact whole dollar amount of your refund.
Where's My Refund? will provide an actual personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund.
Where's My Refund? doesn't track refunds that are claimed on an amended tax return.
Updates to refund status are made no more than once a day—usually at night.
If you don’t have Internet access, call 1-800-829-1954 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, for automated refund information.
Our phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return.
Don’t send in a copy of your return unless asked to do so.
To get a refund, you generally must file your return within 3 years from the date the return was due (including extensions).
Refund information also is available in Spanish at IRS.gov/Spanish and the phone number listed above.
Tax Topics is a wide-ranging directory of tax information that is available anytime. You can read these Tax Topics at IRS.gov/TaxTopics.
|Taxpayer Bill of Rights
|All taxpayers have fundamental rights they should be aware of when dealing with the IRS. The Taxpayer Bill of Rights, which the IRS adopted in June of 2014, takes existing rights in the tax code and groups them into the following 10 broad categories, making them easier to understand. Explore your rights and our obligations to protect them.|
The right to be informed. Taxpayers have the right to know what they need to do to comply with the tax laws. They are entitled to clear explanations of the laws and IRS procedures in all tax forms, instructions, publications, notices, and correspondence. They have the right to be informed of IRS decisions about their tax accounts and to receive clear explanations of the outcomes.
The right to quality service. Taxpayers have the right to receive prompt, courteous, and professional assistance in their dealings with the IRS, to be spoken to in a way they can easily understand, to receive clear and easily understandable communications from the IRS, and to speak to a supervisor about inadequate service.
The right to pay no more than the correct amount of tax. Taxpayers have the right to pay only the amount of tax legally due, including interest and penalties, and to have the IRS apply all tax payments properly.
The right to challenge the IRS's position and be heard. Taxpayers have the right to raise objections and provide additional documentation in response to formal IRS actions or proposed actions, to expect that the IRS will consider their timely objections and documentation promptly and fairly, and to receive a response if the IRS does not agree with their position.
The right to appeal an IRS decision in an independent forum. Taxpayers are entitled to a fair and impartial administrative appeal of most IRS decisions, including many penalties, and have the right to receive a written response regarding the Office of Appeals' decision. Taxpayers generally have the right to take their cases to court.
The right to finality. Taxpayers have the right to know the maximum amount of time they have to challenge the IRS's position as well as the maximum amount of time the IRS has to audit a particular tax year or collect a tax debt. Taxpayers have the right to know when the IRS has finished an audit.
The right to privacy. Taxpayers have the right to expect that any IRS inquiry, examination, or enforcement action will comply with the law and be no more intrusive than necessary, and will respect all due process rights, including search and seizure protections and will provide, where applicable, a collection due process hearing.
The right to confidentiality. Taxpayers have the right to expect that any information they provide to the IRS will not be disclosed unless authorized by the taxpayer or by law. Taxpayers have the right to expect appropriate action will be taken against employees, return preparers, and others who wrongfully use or disclose taxpayer return information.
The right to retain representation. Taxpayers have the right to retain an authorized representative of their choice to represent them in their dealings with the IRS. Taxpayers have the right to seek assistance from a Low Income Taxpayer Clinic if they cannot afford representation.
The right to a fair and just tax system. Taxpayers have the right to expect the tax system to consider facts and circumstances that might affect their underlying liabilities, ability to pay, or ability to provide information timely. Taxpayers have the right to receive assistance from the Taxpayer Advocate Service if they are experiencing financial difficulty or if the IRS has not resolved their tax issues properly and timely through its normal channels.
Learn more at IRS.gov/TaxpayerRights.
|2017 Tax Table||Example. Mr. Brown is single. His taxable income on line 6 of Form 1040EZ is $26,250. He follows two easy steps to figure his tax: 1. He finds the $26,250-26,300 taxable income line. 2. He finds the Single filing status column and reads down the column. The tax amount shown where the taxable income line and the filing status line meet is $3,475. He enters this amount on line 10 of Form 1040EZ.|
|If Form 1040EZ, line 6, is–||And you are–|
|Single||Married filing jointly|
|Your tax is–|
or over —
The IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998, the Privacy Act of 1974, and the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 require that when we ask you for information we must first tell you our legal right to ask for the information, why we are asking for it, and how it will be used. We must also tell you what could happen if we do not receive it and whether your response is voluntary, required to obtain a benefit, or mandatory under the law.
This notice applies to all papers you file with us, including this tax return. It also applies to any questions we need to ask you so we can complete, correct, or process your return; figure your tax; and collect tax, interest, or penalties.
Our legal right to ask for information is Internal Revenue Code sections 6001, 6011, and 6012(a), and their regulations. They say that you must file a return or statement with us for any tax you are liable for. Your response is mandatory under these sections. Code section 6109 requires you to provide your identifying number on the return. This is so we know who you are, and can process your return and other papers. You must fill in all parts of the tax form that apply to you. But you do not have to check the boxes for the Presidential Election Campaign Fund or for the third-party designee. You also do not have to provide your daytime phone number.
You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law.
We ask for tax return information to carry out the tax laws of the United States. We need it to figure and collect the right amount of tax.
If you do not file a return, do not provide the information we ask for, or provide fraudulent information, you may be charged penalties and be subject to criminal prosecution. We may also have to disallow the exemptions, exclusions, credits, deductions, or adjustments shown on the tax return. This could make the tax higher or delay any refund. Interest may also be charged.
Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as stated in Code section 6103. However, Code section 6103 allows or requires the Internal Revenue Service to disclose or give the information shown on your tax return to others as described in the Code. For example, we may disclose your tax information to the Department of Justice to enforce the tax laws, both civil and criminal, and to cities, states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. commonwealths and possessions to carry out their tax laws. We may disclose your tax information to the Department of Treasury and contractors for tax administration purposes; and to other persons as necessary to obtain information needed to determine the amount of or to collect the tax you owe. We may disclose your tax information to the Comptroller General of the United States to permit the Comptroller General to review the Internal Revenue Service. We may disclose your tax information to committees of Congress; federal, state, and local child support agencies; and to other federal agencies for the purposes of determining entitlement for benefits or the eligibility for and the repayment of loans. We may also disclose this information to other countries under a tax treaty, to federal and state agencies to enforce federal nontax criminal laws, or to federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to combat terrorism.
Please keep this notice with your records. It may help you if we ask you for other information. If you have questions about the rules for filing and giving information, please call or visit any Internal Revenue Service office.
We welcome comments on forms.
We try to create forms and instructions that can be easily understood. Often this is difficult to do because our tax laws are very complex. For some people with income mostly from wages, filling in the forms is easy. For others who have businesses, pensions, stocks, rental income, or other investments, it is more difficult.
If you have suggestions for making these forms simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. You can send us comments through IRS.gov/FormsComments. Or you can send your comments to Internal Revenue Service, Tax Forms and Publications Division, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington, DC 20224. Don’t send your return to this address. Instead, see the addresses at the end of these instructions.
Although we can’t respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax forms and instructions.
The table below shows burden estimates based upon current statutory requirements as of September 2017 for taxpayers filing a 2017 Form 1040EZ tax return. Time spent and out-of-pocket costs are presented separately. Time burden is broken out by taxpayer activity, with record keeping representing the largest component. Out-of-pocket costs include any expenses incurred by taxpayers to prepare and submit their tax returns. Examples include tax return preparation and submission fees, postage and photocopying costs, and tax preparation software costs. While these estimates don’t include burden associated with post-filing activities, IRS operational data indicate that electronically prepared and filed returns have fewer arithmetic errors, implying lower post-filing burden.
Tax preparation fees and other out-of-pocket costs vary extensively depending on the tax situation of the taxpayer, the type of software or professional preparer used, and the geographic location. Reported time and cost burdens are national averages and don’t necessarily reflect a “typical” case. Most taxpayers experience lower than average burden, with taxpayer burden varying considerably by taxpayer type. The average burden for Form 1040EZ filers is about 5 hours and $40.
If you have comments concerning the time and cost estimates that follow, you can contact us at either one of the addresses shown under We welcome comments on forms, earlier.
Estimated Average Taxpayer Burden for Individuals by Activity
|Average Time Burden (Hours)|
|Primary Form Filed||Percentage
|*Rounds to less than one hour.|
|Detail may not add to total time due to rounding. Dollars rounded to the nearest $10.|
On or before the first Monday in February of each year the President is required by law to submit to the Congress a budget proposal for the fiscal year that begins the following October. The budget plan sets forth the President's proposed receipts, spending, and the surplus or deficit for the federal government. The plan includes recommendations for new legislation as well as recommendations to change, eliminate, and add programs. After receipt of the President's proposal, the Congress reviews the proposal and makes changes. It first passes a budget resolution setting its own targets for receipts, outlays, and surplus or deficit. Next, individual spending and revenue bills that are consistent with the goals of the budget resolution are enacted.
In fiscal year 2016 (which began on October 1, 2015, and ended on September 30, 2016), federal income was $3.268 trillion and outlays were $3.853 trillion, leaving a deficit of $585 billion.
Note. The percentage calculations in this section and the dollar chart for outlays exclude undistributed offsetting receipts, which were $95 billion in 2016. In the budget, these receipts are offset against spending in the calculation of the outlay total. These receipts are for the U.S. Government's share of its employee retirement programs, rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf, and proceeds from the sale of assets.
Social security, Medicare, and other retirement: These programs provide income support for the retired and disabled and medical care for the elderly.
National defense, veterans, and foreign affairs: About 15% of federal outlays were to equip, modernize, and pay our armed forces and to fund national defense activities; 4% were for veterans benefits and services; and about 1% were for international activities, including military and economic assistance to foreign countries and the maintenance of United States embassies abroad.
Physical, human, and community development: These outlays were for agriculture; natural resources; environment; transportation; aid for elementary and secondary education and direct assistance to college students; job training; deposit insurance, commerce and housing credit, and community development; and space, energy, and general science programs.
Social programs: About 16% of total outlays were for Medicaid, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly food stamps), temporary assistance for needy families, supplemental security income, and related programs; and 6% for health research and public health programs, unemployment compensation, assisted housing, and social services.
- Common mistakes, checklist to avoid, Return Checklist
- Death of a taxpayer, Death of a Taxpayer
- Death of spouse, Death of a Taxpayer
- Debt held by the public, gift to reduce, How do you make a gift to reduce debt held by the public?
- Direct deposit of refund, Why Use Direct Deposit?
- Disclosure, Privacy Act, and Paperwork Reduction Act notice, Disclosure, Privacy Act, and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice
- Domestic partners, Nevada, Washington, and California Domestic Partners
- Dual-status alien, Nonresident aliens and dual-status aliens.
- Earned income credit (EIC), Earned income credit (EIC) if children lived with you., What Is the EIC? , Welfare benefits, effect of credit on.
- Combat pay, nontaxable, Combat pay, nontaxable.
- Earned income credit table, EIC Table
- Electronic filing (e-file), Section 3—Line Instructions for Form 1040EZ, Line 9, Amount You Owe, Signing Your Return,
- Extension of time to file, Line 9
- Getting tax help, Section 6—How To Get Tax Help
- Gift to reduce public debt, How do you make a gift to reduce debt held by the public?
- Identity Protection PIN, Identity protection PIN.
- Identity theft, Secure your records from identity theft., Resolving tax-related identity theft issues
- Income tax withheld (federal), Line 7, Federal Income Tax Withheld
- Injured spouse, Injured spouse.
- Innocent spouse relief, Innocent spouse relief.
- Installment payments, What if You Cannot Pay?
- Interest income
- Interest, late payment of tax, What if You Cannot Pay?
- Kidnapped child, parent of, Parent of a Kidnapped Child
- Payments and tax
- Premium tax credit, Premium tax credit.
- Preparer, tax return, Paid preparer must sign your return.
- Presidential election $3 check-off, Presidential Election Campaign Fund
- Private delivery service, Private delivery services.
- Public debt, gift to reduce the, How do you make a gift to reduce debt held by the public?
- Railroad retirement benefits treated as social security, Social Security Benefits
- Recordkeeping, How long should records be kept?
- Refund, Refund
- Refunds of state and local income taxes, Refunds of State or Local Income Taxes
- Resident alien, Resident aliens.
- Return checklist to avoid mistakes, Return Checklist
- Round off to whole dollars, Rounding Off to Whole Dollars
- Salaries, Line 1, Wages, Salaries, and Tips
- Scholarship and fellowship grants, Line 1, Wages, Salaries, and Tips
- Shared responsibility payment, Line 11, Health Care: Individual Responsibility
- Signing your return, Signing Your Return
- Single person, filing status, Single.
- Social security benefits, Social Security Benefits
- Social security number, Social Security Number (SSN)
- State and local income taxes, refunds of, Refunds of State or Local Income Taxes
- Tax assistance, Section 6—How To Get Tax Help
- Tax figured by the IRS, Line 10, Tax
- Tax-exempt interest, Tax-Exempt Interest
- Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS), The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here To Help You
- Taxpayer Bill of Rights, Tax Topics
- Third party designee, Third Party Designee
- Tip income, Line 1, Wages, Salaries, and Tips
- Unemployment compensation, Line 3, Unemployment Compensation and Alaska Permanent Fund Dividends
- Wages, Line 1, Wages, Salaries, and Tips
- What's new, What's New
- When you should file, When Should You File?
- Where do you file, 1040EZ - Additional Material
- Who can use Form 1040EZ, Checklist for Using Form 1040EZ
- Who must file, Filing Requirement Charts
- Who should file, Do You Have To File?
- Withholding and estimated tax payments for 2018, Income tax withholding and estimated tax for 2018.
Where Do You File?
||Mail your return to the address shown below that applies to you. If you want to use a private delivery service, see Private delivery services in Section 4, earlier. Envelopes without enough postage will be returned to you by the post office. Also, include your complete return address.|
|THEN use this address if you:|
|IF you live in...||Are requesting a refund or are not enclosing a check or
|Are enclosing a check or
|Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas||Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0014
|Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1214
Charlotte, NC 28201-1214
|Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming||Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Fresno, CA 93888-0014
|Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 7704
San Francisco, CA 94120-7704
|Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin||Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Fresno, CA 93888-0014
|Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 802501
Cincinnati, OH 45280-2501
|Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia||Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Kansas City, MO 64999-0014
|Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 931000
Louisville, KY 40293-1000
|Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont||Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Kansas City, MO 64999-0014
|Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 37008
Hartford, CT 06176-7008
|Connecticut, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia||Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Ogden, UT 84201-0014
|Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 37910
Hartford, CT 06176-7910
|A foreign country, U.S. possession or territory*, or use an APO or FPO address, or file Form 2555, 2555-EZ, or 4563, or are a dual-status alien.||Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0215
|Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1303
Charlotte, NC 28201-1303
|* If you live in American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Mariana Islands, see Pub. 570.|