- Instructions for Form 1120-FSC - Introductory Material
- General Instructions
- Purpose of Form
- FSC Repeal and Extraterritorial Income Exclusion
- Pre-Repeal FSC Rules
- Definition of a Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
- Tax Treatment of a FSC
- Foreign Trading Gross Receipts
- Foreign Management Rules
- Foreign Economic Process Rules
- Section 925(c) Rule
- Who Must File
- When To File
- Where To File
- Who Must Sign
- Paid Preparer Authorization
- Other Forms That May Be Required
- Assembling the Return
- Accounting Methods
- Accounting Period
- Rounding Off to Whole Dollars
- Tax Payments
- Depositing on time.
- Same-day wire payment option.
- Estimated Tax Payments
- Interest and Penalties
- Specific Instructions
- Period covered.
- Item A. Foreign country or U.S. possession of incorporation.
- Item E. Total assets.
- Item F. Final return, name change, address change, or amended return.
- FSC Information
- Tax and Payments
- Schedule A
- Exception for small business taxpayers.
- Small business taxpayer.
- Line 1. Inventory at beginning of year.
- Line 4. Additional section 263A costs.
- Line 5. Other costs.
- Line 7. Inventory at end of year.
- Lines 9a through 9f. Inventory valuation methods.
- Line 9a. Method of valuing closing inventory.
- Lines 9c and 9d. LIFO method.
- Additional Information
- Schedule B
- Schedule E
- Schedule F
- Part I
- Part II
- Instructions for Dividends and Dividends-Received Deduction Worksheet
- Schedule G
- Schedule J
- Schedule L
- Schedule M-1
- Instructions for Form 1120-FSC - Notices
- Instructions for Form 1120-FSC - Additional Material
- Forms 1120-FSC
- Wholesale Trade
- Rental and Leasing
- Professional Services
- Forms 1120-FSC
Instructions for Form 1120-FSC (02/2019)
U.S. Income Tax Return of a Foreign Sales Corporation
For the latest information about developments related to Form 1120-FSC and its instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to IRS.gov/Form1120FSC.
For tax years beginning after 2017, P.L. 115-97 replaced the graduated corporate tax structure with a flat 21% corporate tax rate. See the instructions for Schedule J, line 2, later.
Alternative minimum tax.
The alternative minimum tax (previously reported on Schedule J, line 3) does not apply to corporations for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. Schedule J, line 3 is now used to report the base erosion minimum tax, if applicable.
Base erosion minimum tax.
If the corporation had gross receipts of at least $500 million in any one of the 3 tax years preceding the current tax year, complete Form 8991. See section 59A and the Instructions for Form 8991. Also see the instructions for Schedule J, line 3, later.
Small business taxpayers.
Effective for tax years beginning after 2017, P.L. 115-97 expanded the eligibility of small business taxpayers to use the cash method. See Accounting Methods, later.
Limitation on business interest expense.
For tax years beginning after 2017, taxpayers who deduct business interest are required to file Form 8990, Limitation on Business Interest Expense Under Section 163(j), unless an exception for filing is met. For more information, see Form 8990 and the Instructions for Form 8990.
Net operating loss (NOL).
The 2-year carryback rule does not apply to NOLs arising in tax years ending after December 31, 2017. Exceptions apply to certain farming losses and NOLs of insurance companies other than life insurance companies. See section 172(b). Also see the instructions for Schedule B, line 20, later.
The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children® (NCMEC). Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child.
The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is an independent organization within the IRS that helps taxpayers and protects taxpayer rights. TAS’s job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and knows and understands their rights under the Taxpayer Bill of Rights.
As a taxpayer, the corporation has rights that the IRS must abide by in its dealings with the corporation. TAS can help the corporation if:
A problem is causing financial difficulty for the business.
The business is facing an immediate threat of adverse action.
The corporation has tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised.
The TAS toolkit at TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov can help the corporation understand these rights.
TAS has offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Local advocates' numbers are in their local directories and at TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov. The corporation can also call TAS at 1-877-777-4778.
TAS also works to resolve large-scale or systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. If the corporation knows of one of these broad issues, please report it to TAS through the Systemic Advocacy Management System at IRS.gov/SAMS.
For more information, go to IRS.gov/Advocate.
Use Form 1120-FSC to report the income, gains, losses, deductions, credits, and to figure the income tax liability of a FSC.
In general, the FSC Repeal and Extraterritorial Income Exclusion Act of 2000:
Repealed the FSC rules,
Provided taxpayers with an exclusion, which is figured on Form 8873, Extraterritorial Income Exclusion, and
Provided transition rules for existing FSCs. These rules are included in Rules for Existing FSCs below.
The American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 repealed the extraterritorial income exclusion provisions generally for transactions after 2004, subject to a transition rule. See the Instructions for Form 8873 for more information.
The Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 repealed the FSC binding contract exception. See Binding contract exception below for details.
In general, a FSC that was in existence on September 30, 2000, and at all times thereafter may continue to use the FSC rules for any transaction in the ordinary course of business that is (a) before January 1, 2002, or (b) after December 31, 2001, if such transaction is pursuant to a binding contract that meets the requirements described in Binding contract exception below.
Binding contract exception.
The binding contract exception has been repealed for tax years beginning after May 17, 2006. For tax years beginning before May 18, 2006, the following rules apply: The transaction must be pursuant to a binding contract between the FSC (or a person related to the FSC) and a person other than a related person if that binding contract was in effect on September 30, 2000, and has remained in effect. A binding contract includes a purchase, renewal, or replacement option that is enforceable against a lessor or seller (provided the option is part of a contract that is binding and in effect on September 30, 2000, and has remained in effect).
The mere entering into of a single transaction, such as a lease, would not, in and of itself, prevent the transaction from being in the ordinary course of business.
Taxpayers may elect to apply the extraterritorial income exclusion rules instead of the FSC rules for transactions occurring during the transition period. The election is:
Made by checking the box on line 2 of Form 8873,
Made on a transaction-by-transaction basis,
Effective for the tax year for which it is made and for all subsequent tax years, and
Revocable only with the consent of the IRS.
Taxpayers use Form 8873 to determine their extraterritorial income exclusion.
A FSC that was in existence on September 30, 2000, and at all times thereafter may elect to be treated as a domestic corporation if substantially all of its gross receipts are foreign trading gross receipts. A FSC that elects to be treated as a domestic corporation ceases to be a FSC for any tax year for which the election applies (and for any subsequent tax year).
The election is made by checking the box on line 3 of Form 8873. An electing corporation files Form 1120, U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return. Once made, the election applies to the tax year for which it is made and remains in effect for all subsequent years unless the election is revoked or terminated. If the election is revoked or terminated, the corporation would be a foreign corporation that files Form 1120-F, U.S. Income Tax Return of a Foreign Corporation. Furthermore, the foreign corporation would not be eligible to reelect to be treated as a domestic corporation for 5 tax years beginning with the first tax year for which the original election is not in effect as a result of the revocation or termination.
Effect of election.
For purposes of section 367, a foreign corporation that has elected to be a domestic corporation is generally treated as transferring, as of the first day of the first tax year to which the election applies, all of its assets to a domestic corporation in an exchange under section 354.
No corporation may elect to be a FSC or a small FSC (defined below) after September 30, 2000.
If a FSC has no foreign trade income (see definition under Tax Treatment of a FSC, later) for any 5 consecutive tax years beginning after December 31, 2001, the FSC will no longer be treated as a FSC for any tax year beginning after that 5-year period.
Under section 922(a), a FSC is defined as a corporation that has met all of the following rules:
It must be a corporation created or organized under the laws of a qualifying foreign country or any U.S. possession other than Puerto Rico.
Qualifying U.S. possessions include Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
A qualifying foreign country is a foreign country that meets the exchange of information rules of section 927(e)(3)(A) or (B). All U.S. possessions other than Puerto Rico are also certified to have met these rules.
The following countries are qualifying foreign countries that have met the exchange of information rules of section 927(e)(3)(A) or 927(e)(3)(B): Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Bermuda, Canada, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Grenada, Guyana, Honduras, Iceland, Ireland, Jamaica, Korea, Malta, the Marshall Islands, Mexico, Morocco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, the Philippines, St. Lucia, Sweden, and Trinidad and Tobago.
It had no more than 25 shareholders at any time during the tax year.
It had no preferred stock outstanding at any time during the tax year.
During the tax year, the FSC must maintain:
An office in one of the qualifying foreign countries or U.S. possessions listed above,
A set of permanent books of account (including invoices) at that office, and
The books and records required under section 6001 at a U.S. location to sufficiently establish the amount of gross income, deductions, credits, or other matters required to be shown on its tax return.
It must have at least one director, at all times during the tax year, who is not a resident of the United States.
It must not be a member, at any time during the tax year, of a controlled group of which a DISC is a member.
It must have elected to be a FSC or small FSC, and the election must have been in effect for the tax year.
Section 922(b) defines a small FSC as a corporation that:
Elected small FSC status and has kept the election in effect for the tax year and
Is not a member, at any time during the tax year, of a controlled group that includes a FSC (unless that other FSC is also a
A small FSC is exempt from the foreign management and foreign economic process requirements outlined on this page.
Generally, any foreign trading gross receipts of a small FSC for the tax year that exceed $5 million are not to be considered in determining its exempt foreign trade income. The $5 million limit is reduced if the small FSC has a short tax year. It may also be reduced if the small FSC is a member of a controlled group that contains other small FSCs. See Regulations section 1.921-2(b) for more information.
A FSC is not taxed on its exempt foreign trade income. Section 923 defines foreign trade income as the gross income of a FSC attributable to foreign trading gross receipts (defined below).
The percentage of foreign trade income exempt from tax is figured differently for income determined under the administrative pricing rules (for details, see the Instructions for Schedule P (Form 1120-FSC)) and income determined without regard to the administrative pricing rules. These percentages are computed on Schedule E, page 4, Form 1120-FSC, and carried over to lines 9a and 9b of Schedule B, page 3, Form 1120-FSC, to figure taxable income or (loss).
See section 923(a)(4) for a special rule for foreign trade income allocable to a cooperative. See section 923(a)(5) for a special rule for military property.
Tax treaty benefits.
A FSC may not claim any benefits under any income tax treaty between the United States and any foreign country.
A FSC is treated as having foreign trading gross receipts (defined in section 924) only if it has met certain foreign management and foreign economic process requirements.
Foreign trading gross receipts do not include:
Certain excluded receipts (defined in section 924(f)).
Receipts attributable to property excluded from export property under section 927(a)(2).
Investment income (defined in section 927(c)).
Carrying charges (defined in section 927(d)(1)).
Computer software licensed for reproduction abroad is not excluded from export property under section 927(a)(2). Therefore, receipts attributable to the sale, lease, or rental of computer software and services related and subsidiary to such transactions qualify as foreign trading gross receipts.
A FSC (other than a small FSC) is treated as having foreign trading gross receipts for the tax year only if the management of the FSC during the year takes place outside the United States. These management activities include:
Meetings of the board of directors and meetings of the shareholders.
Disbursing cash, dividends, legal and accounting fees, salaries of officers, and salaries or fees of directors from the principal bank account (see below).
Maintaining the principal bank account at all times during the tax year.
Meetings of directors and meetings of the shareholders.
All meetings of the board of directors of the FSC and all meetings of the shareholders of the FSC that take place during the tax year must take place outside the United States.
In addition, all such meetings must comply with the local laws of the foreign country or U.S. possession in which the FSC was created or organized. The local laws determine whether a meeting must be held, when and where it must be held (if it is held at all), who must be present, quorum requirements, use of proxies, etc.
Principal bank accounts.
See Regulations section 1.924(c)-1(c) for information regarding principal bank accounts.
A FSC (other than a small FSC) has foreign trading gross receipts from any transaction only if certain economic processes for the transaction take place outside the United States. Section 924(d) and Regulations section 1.924(d)-1 set forth the rules for determining whether a sufficient amount of the economic processes of a transaction takes place outside the United States.
Generally, a transaction will qualify if the FSC satisfies two requirements:
Participation outside the United States in the sales portion of the transaction and
Satisfaction of either the 50% or the 85% foreign direct cost test.
The activities comprising these economic processes may be performed by the FSC or by any other person acting under contract with the FSC.
Participation outside the United States in the sales portion of the transaction.
Generally, the requirement of section 924(d)(1)(A) is met for the gross receipts of a FSC derived from any transaction if the FSC has participated outside the United States in the following sales activities relating to the transaction: (1) solicitation (other than advertising), (2) negotiation, and (3) making a contract.
Solicitation (other than advertising) is any communication (including, but not limited to, telephone, telegraph, mail, or in person) by the FSC, to a specific, targeted customer or potential customer.
Negotiation is any communication by the FSC to a customer or potential customer aimed at an agreement on one or more of the terms of a transaction, including, but not limited to, price, credit terms, quantity, or time or manner of delivery.
Making a contract refers to performance by the FSC of any of the elements necessary to complete a sale, such as making or accepting an offer.
Generally, the sales activities described above are to be applied on a transaction-by-transaction basis. However, a FSC may make an annual election to apply any of the sales activities on the basis of a group. To make the election, check the applicable box on line 10a, Additional Information, on page 2 of Form 1120-FSC. See Regulations section 1.924(d)-1(c)(5) for details.
Satisfaction of either the 50% or 85% foreign direct cost test.
To qualify as foreign trading gross receipts, the foreign direct costs incurred by the FSC attributable to the transaction must equal or exceed 50% of the total direct costs incurred by the FSC attributable to the transaction.
Instead of satisfying the 50% foreign direct cost test, the FSC may incur foreign direct costs attributable to activities described in each of two of the section 924(e) categories. The costs must equal or exceed 85% of the total direct costs incurred by the FSC attributable to the activity described in each of the two categories. If no direct costs are incurred by the FSC in a particular category, that category is not taken into account for purposes of determining whether the FSC has met either the 50% or 85% foreign direct cost test.
Direct costs are costs that:
Are incident to and necessary for the performance of any activity described in section 924(e);
Include the cost of materials consumed in the performance of the activity and the cost of labor that can be identified or associated directly with the performance of the activity (but only to the extent of wages, salaries, fees for professional services, and other amounts paid for services actually rendered, such as bonuses or compensation paid for services on the basis of a percentage of profits); and
Include the allowable depreciation deduction for equipment or facilities (or the rental cost for its use) that can be specifically identified or associated with the activity, as well as the contract price of an activity performed on behalf of the FSC by a contractor.
Total direct costs means all of the direct costs of any transaction attributable to activities described in any paragraph of section 924(e). For purposes of the 50% test of section 924(d)(1)(B), total direct costs are based on the direct costs of all activities described in all paragraphs of section 924(e). For purposes of the 85% test of section 924(d)(2), however, the total direct costs are determined separately for each paragraph of section 924(e).
Foreign direct costs means the portion of the total direct costs of any transaction attributable to activities performed outside the United States. For purposes of the 50% test, foreign direct costs are based on the direct costs of all activities described in all paragraphs of section 924(e). For purposes of the 85% test, however, foreign direct costs are determined separately for each paragraph of section 924(e).
For more details, see Regulations section 1.924(d)-1(d).
Check the applicable box(es) on line 10b, Additional Information, on page 2 of the form, to indicate how the FSC met the foreign direct costs requirement.
Generally, the foreign direct cost tests under Regulations section 1.924(d)-1(d) are applied on a transaction-by-transaction basis. However, the FSC may make an annual election (on line 10d, Additional Information, on page 2 of the form) to apply the foreign direct cost tests on a customer, contract, or product or product line grouping basis. Any grouping used must be supported by adequate documentation of performance of activities and costs of activities relating to the grouping used. See Regulations section 1.924(d)-1(e) for details.
Exception for foreign military property.
The economic process rules do not apply to any activities performed in connection with foreign military sales except those activities described in section 924(e). See Regulations section 1.924(d)-1(f) for details.
To use the administrative pricing rules to determine the FSC's (or small FSC's) profit on a transaction or group of transactions, the FSC must perform (or contract with another person to perform) all of the economic process activities relating to the transaction or group of transactions. All of the direct and indirect expenses relating to the performance of those activities must be reflected on the books of the FSC and on Form 1120-FSC.
Under Temporary Regulations section 1.925(a)-1T(b)(2)(ii), an election may be made to include on the FSC's books all expenses, other than cost of goods sold, that are necessary to figure combined taxable income for the transaction or group of transactions. The expenses must be identified on Schedule G on the applicable line.
File Form 1120-FSC if the corporation elected to be treated as a FSC or small FSC, and the election is still in effect.
A FSC that elects to be treated as a domestic corporation under section 943(e)(1) does not file Form 1120-FSC. Instead, it files Form 1120.
Generally, a corporation must file Form 1120-FSC by the 15th day of the 4th month after the end of its tax year. A FSC that has dissolved must generally file by the 15th day of the 4th month after the date it dissolved.
However, a FSC with a fiscal tax year ending June 30 must file by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of its tax year. A FSC with a short tax year ending anytime in June will be treated as if the short year ended on June 30, and must file by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of its tax year.
If the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the FSC may file on the next business day.
Private delivery services.
FSCs can use certain private delivery services (PDS) designated by the IRS to meet the “timely mailing as timely filing” rule for tax returns. Go to IRS.gov/PDS. The PDS can tell you how to get written proof of the mailing date.
For the IRS mailing address to use if you’re using PDS, go to IRS.gov/PDSstreetAddresses.
Private delivery services cannot deliver items to P.O. boxes. You must use the U.S. Postal Service to mail any item to an IRS P.O. box address.
Extension of time to file.
File Form 7004, Application for Automatic Extension of Time To File Certain Business Income Tax, Information, and Other Returns, to request an extension of time to file. Generally, the FSC must file Form 7004 by the return due date specified earlier. See the Instructions for Form 7004.
File Form 1120-FSC with the:
Internal Revenue Service Center
P.O. Box 409101
Ogden, UT 84409
The return must be signed and dated by:
The president, vice president, treasurer, assistant treasurer, chief accounting officer or
Any other corporate officer (such as tax officer) authorized to sign.
If a return is filed on behalf of a FSC by a receiver, trustee, or assignee, the fiduciary must sign the return, instead of the corporate officer. Returns and forms signed by a receiver or trustee in bankruptcy on behalf of a FSC must be accompanied by a copy of the order or instructions of the court authorizing signing of the return or form.
If an employee of the FSC completes Form 1120-FSC, the paid preparer space should remain blank. Anyone who prepares Form 1120-FSC but does not charge the FSC should not complete that section. Generally, anyone who is paid to prepare the return must sign it and fill in the "Paid Preparer Use Only" area.
The paid preparer must complete the required preparer information and:
Sign the return in the space provided for the preparer's signature.
Give a copy of the return to the taxpayer.
A paid preparer may sign original or amended returns by rubber stamp, mechanical device, or computer software programs.
If the FSC wants to allow the IRS to discuss its tax return with the paid preparer who signed it, check the "Yes" box in the signature area of the return. This authorization applies only to the individual whose signature appears in the "Paid Preparer Use Only" section of the return. It does not apply to the firm, if any, shown in that section.
If the "Yes" box is checked, the FSC is authorizing the IRS to call the paid preparer to answer any questions that may arise during the processing of its return. The FSC is also authorizing the paid preparer to:
Give the IRS any information that is missing from the return,
Call the IRS for information about the processing of the return or the status of any related refund or payment(s), and
Respond to certain IRS notices about math errors, offsets, and return preparation.
The FSC is not authorizing the paid preparer to receive any refund check, bind the FSC to anything (including any additional tax liability), or otherwise represent the FSC before the IRS.
The authorization will automatically end no later than the due date (excluding extensions) for filing the FSC's tax return. If the FSC wants to expand the paid preparer's authorization or revoke it before it ends, see Pub. 947, Practice Before the IRS and Power of Attorney.
The FSC may have to file some of the forms listed below. See the form for more information.
For a list of additional forms the FSC may need to file (most notably, forms pertaining to the reporting of various types of income, and any related withholding, to U.S. persons, foreign persons, and the IRS), see Pub. 542, Corporations.
Form 5471, Information Return of U.S. Persons With Respect to Certain Foreign Corporations. This form may have to be filed by certain U.S. officers, directors, or shareholders of a FSC to report changes in ownership (see sections 6046 and the related regulations).
If a Form 1120-FSC is filed, Form 5471 is not required to be filed to satisfy the requirements of section 6038 (see Temporary Regulations section 1.921-1T(b)(3)). However, certain U.S. shareholders may be required to file Form 5471 and the applicable schedules to report subpart F income.
See the Instructions for Form 5471 for more information.
Form 5472, Information Return of a 25% Foreign-Owned U.S. Corporation or a Foreign Corporation Engaged in a U.S. Trade or Business. Generally, a FSC that is engaged in a trade or business in the United States that had a reportable transaction with a foreign or domestic related party during the tax year must file Form 5472.
Form 5713, International Boycott Report. FSCs that had operations in, or related to, certain "boycotting" countries file
Form 8275, Disclosure Statement, and Form 8275-R, Regulation Disclosure Statement. Use these forms to disclose items or positions taken on a tax return that are not otherwise adequately disclosed on a tax return or that are contrary to Treasury regulations (to avoid parts of the accuracy-related penalty or certain preparer penalties).
Form 8300, Report of Cash Payments Over $10,000 Received in a Trade or Business. Use this form to report the receipt of more than $10,000 in cash or foreign currency in one transaction or a series of related transactions.
To ensure that the FSC's tax return is correctly processed, attach all schedules and other forms after page 6, Form 1120-FSC, and in the following order:
Additional schedules in alphabetical order.
Additional forms in numerical order.
Complete every applicable entry space on Form 1120-FSC. Do not enter "See Attached" or "Available Upon Request" instead of completing the entry spaces. If more space is needed on the forms or schedules, attach separate sheets using the same size and format as the printed forms.
If there are supporting statements and attachments, arrange them in the same order as the schedules or forms they support and attach them last. Show the totals on the printed forms. Enter the FSC's name and EIN on each supporting statement or attachment.
In general, figure taxable income using the method of accounting used in keeping the FSC's books and records. In all cases, the method used must clearly show taxable income. Permissible overall methods of accounting include cash, accrual, or any other method authorized by the Internal Revenue Code.
Generally, the following rules apply.
A FSC (other than a qualified personal service corporation (as defined in section 448(d)(2)) or a small business taxpayer (defined below)) must use an overall accrual method. However, see Nonaccrual experience method for service providers, later.
Generally, a FSC that is a qualified personal service corporation or a small business taxpayer may use the cash method of accounting.
Unless it is a small business taxpayer (defined below), a FSC that is required to maintain inventories must use an overall accrual method. See the instructions for Schedule A, later.
Special rules apply to long-term contracts. See section 460.
Small business taxpayer.
Effective for tax years beginning after 2017, a small business taxpayer is a taxpayer that (a) has average annual gross receipts of $25 million or less for the 3 prior tax years, and (b) is not a tax shelter (as defined in section 448(d)(3)).
A small business taxpayer can adopt or change its accounting method to account for inventories (a) in the same manner as materials and supplies that are nonincidental, or (b) to conform to its treatment of inventories in an applicable financial statement (as defined in section 451(b)(3)). If it does not have an applicable financial statement, it can use the method of accounting used in its books and records prepared according to its accounting procedures.
For more information, see Pub. 538, Accounting Periods and Methods.
Change in accounting method.
Generally, the FSC must get IRS consent to change either an overall method of accounting or the accounting treatment of any material item. To do so, the FSC generally must file Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method. For more information, see the Instructions for Form 3115 and Pub. 538. Also see Rev. Proc. 2015-13, 2015-5 I.R.B. 419, and Rev. Proc. 2018-31, 2018-22 I.R.B. 637 (or any successors).
If the FSC's taxable income for the current tax year is figured under a method of accounting different from the method used in the preceding tax year, the FSC may have to make an adjustment under section 481(a) to prevent amounts of income or expense from being duplicated or omitted. The section 481(a) adjustment period is generally 1 year for a net negative adjustment and 4 years for a net positive adjustment. However, in some cases, a FSC can elect to modify the section 481(a) adjustment period. The FSC may have to complete the appropriate lines of Form 3115 to make an election. See the Instructions for Form 3115 for more information and exceptions.
If the net section 481(a) adjustment is positive, report it on page 4, Schedule F, line 16, as other income. If the net section 481(a) adjustment is negative, report it on page 4, Schedule F, line 18, as a deduction.
A FSC must figure its taxable income on the basis of a tax year. A tax year is the annual accounting period a FSC uses to keep its records and report its income and expenses. Generally, FSCs may use a calendar year or a fiscal year. Personal service corporations, however, must generally use a calendar year.
The tax year of a FSC must be the same as the tax year of the principal shareholder which, at the beginning of the FSC tax year, has the highest percentage of voting power. If two or more shareholders have the highest percentage of voting power, the FSC must have a tax year that conforms to the tax year of any such shareholder. See section 441(h).
The FSC may round off cents to whole dollars on its return and schedules. If the FSC does round to whole dollars, it must round all amounts. To round, drop amounts under 50 cents and increase amounts from 50 to 99 cents to the next dollar (for example, $1.39 becomes $1 and $2.50 becomes $3).
If two or more amounts must be added to figure the amount to enter on a line, include cents when adding the amounts and round off only the total.
Keep the FSC's records for as long as they may be needed for the administration of any provision of the Internal Revenue Code. Usually, records that support an item of income, deduction, or credit on the return must be kept for 3 years from the date the return is due or filed, whichever is later. Keep records that verify the FSC's basis in property for as long as they are needed to figure the basis of the original or replacement property.
The FSC should keep copies of all filed returns. They help in preparing future and amended returns.
The FSC must pay the tax due in full no later than the due date for filing Form 1120-FSC (not including extensions). See When To File, earlier, for this due date. The method for payment of the tax due depends upon whether the FSC has an office or place of business in the United States.
FSCs that do not maintain an office or place of business in the United States can use the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS) to pay the tax due providing the FSC has a U.S. bank account. If the FSC does not have a U.S. bank account, it may arrange for a financial institution to initiate a same-day wire payment on its behalf or it can arrange for either a qualified intermediary, tax professional, payroll service, or other trusted third party to make a deposit on its behalf using a master account. In addition, the FSC still has the option to pay by check or money order, payable to "United States Treasury." To help ensure proper crediting, write the FSC's employer identification number (EIN), "Form 1120-FSC," and the tax period to which the payment applies on the check or money order. Enclose the payment when Form 1120-FSC is filed.
FSCs that do maintain an office or place of business in the United States must pay the tax due by electronic funds transfer. The FSC can pay the tax using EFTPS or it can arrange for its tax professional, financial institution, payroll service, or other trusted third party to make deposits on its behalf. In addition, the FSC also has the option to arrange for its financial institution to initiate a same-day payment.
If the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the payment is due on the next day that isn't a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
FSCs with an office or place of business in the United States must use electronic funds transfers to make all federal tax deposits (such as deposits of employment and corporate income tax). Generally, electronic funds transfers are made using EFTPS. However, if the corporation does not want to use EFTPS, it can arrange for its tax professional, financial institution, payroll service, or other trusted third party to make deposits on its behalf. Also, it can arrange for its financial institution to submit a same-day payment (discussed below) on its behalf. EFTPS is a free service provided by the Department of the Treasury. Services provided by a tax professional, financial institution, payroll service, or other third party may have a fee.
For more information about EFTPS or to enroll in EFTPS, visit EFTPS.gov, or call 1-800-555-4477 (TTY/TDD 1-800-733-4829).
Depositing on time.
For any deposit made by EFTPS to be on time, the FSC must submit the deposit by 8 p.m. Eastern time the day before the date the deposit is due. If the FSC uses a third party to make deposits on its behalf, the third party may have different cutoff times.
Same-day wire payment option.
If the FSC fails to submit a deposit transaction on EFTPS by 8 p.m. Eastern time the day before the date a deposit is due, it can still make the deposit on time by using the Federal Tax Collection Service (FTCS). To use the same-day wire payment option, the FSC will need to make arrangements with its financial institution ahead of time regarding availability, deadlines, and costs. Financial institutions may charge a fee for payments made this way. To learn more about the information the FSC will need to provide to its financial institution to make a same‐day wire payment, go to IRS.gov/SameDayWire.
Generally, the following rules apply to the FSC's payments of estimated tax.
The FSC must make installment payments of estimated tax if it expects its total tax for the year (less applicable credits) to be $500 or more.
The installments are due by the 15th day of the 4th, 6th, 9th, and 12th months of the tax year. If any date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the installment is due on the next regular business day.
Use Form 1120-W, Estimated Tax for Corporations, as a worksheet to compute estimated tax. See the Instructions for Form 1120-W.
If the FSC maintains an office or place of business in the United States, it must use electronic funds transfers to make installment payments of estimated tax.
If the FSC does not maintain an office or place of business in the United States, it can pay the estimated tax by EFTPS providing it has a U.S. bank account. The FSC can also arrange for its financial institution to submit a same-day wire payment on its behalf or can arrange for its qualified intermediary, tax professional, payroll service, or other trusted third party to make a deposit on its behalf using a master account. In addition, the FSC still has the option to pay the estimated tax due by check or money order. See Form 1120-W for additional payment information.
If the FSC overpaid estimated tax, it may be able to get a quick refund by filing Form 4466, Corporation Application for Quick Refund of Overpayment of Estimated Tax.
For information on penalties that apply if the FSC fails to make required payments, see line 3, Estimated tax penalty, later.
Interest is charged on taxes paid late even if an extension of time to file is granted. Interest is also charged on penalties imposed for failure to file, negligence, fraud, substantial valuation misstatements, substantial understatements of tax, and reportable transaction understatements from the due date (including extensions) to the date of payment. The interest charge is figured at a rate determined under section 6621.
Penalty for late filing of return.
A FSC that does not file its tax return by the due date, including extensions, may be penalized 5% of the unpaid tax for each month or part of a month the return is late, up to a maximum of 25% of the unpaid tax. The minimum penalty for a return that is over 60 days late is the smaller of the tax due or $210. The penalty will not be imposed if the FSC can show that the failure to file on time was due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect.
If you believe that reasonable cause exists, do not attach an explanation when you file Form 1120‐FSC. Instead, if the FSC receives a penalty notice after the return is filed, send the IRS an explanation at that time and the IRS will determine if the FSC meets reasonable cause criteria.
Penalty for late payment of tax.
A FSC that does not pay the tax when due generally may be penalized ½ of 1% of the unpaid tax for each month or part of a month the tax is not paid, up to a maximum of 25% of the unpaid tax. The penalty will not be imposed if the FSC can show that the failure to pay on time was due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect. However, see Caution, above.
Trust fund recovery penalty.
This penalty may apply if certain income, social security, and Medicare taxes that must be collected or withheld are not collected or withheld, or these taxes are not paid. These taxes are generally reported on Form 941, Employer's QUARTERLY Federal Tax Return, or Form 945, Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax.
The trust fund recovery penalty may be imposed on all persons who are determined by the IRS to have been responsible for collecting, accounting for, or paying over these taxes, and who acted willfully in not doing so. The penalty is equal to the full amount of the unpaid trust fund tax. See Pub. 15 (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide, for details, including the definition of responsible persons.
Other penalties may be imposed for negligence, substantial understatement of tax, reportable transaction understatements, and fraud. See sections 6662, 6662A, and 6663.
A FSC may also be subject to a penalty (under section 6686) of:
$100 for each failure to supply information, up to $25,000 during the calendar year.
$1,000 for not filing a return.
The section 6686 penalties will not apply if the FSC can show that the failure was due to reasonable cause. However, see Caution, above.
Enter the FSC ‘s tax year in the space provided at the top of the form. See Accounting Period, earlier.
Print or type the FSC's true name (as set forth in the charter or other legal document creating it).
Enter the U.S. address where the FSC maintains the records required under section 6001. Include the suite, room, or other unit number after the street address. If the post office does not deliver mail to the street address and the FSC has a P.O. box, show the box number instead.
If the FSC receives its mail in care of a third party (such as an accountant or an attorney), enter on the street address line "C/O" followed by the third party's name and street address or P.O. box.
Item A. Foreign country or U.S. possession of incorporation.
See Definition of a Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC), earlier.
Item E. Total assets.
Enter the FSC's total assets (as determined by the accounting method regularly used in keeping the FSC's books and records) at the end of the tax year from page 6, Schedule L, column (d), line 15. If there are no assets at the end of the tax year, enter -0-.
Item F. Final return, name change, address change, or amended return.
If this is the FSC's final return and it will no longer exist, check the "Final return" box.
If the FSC changed its name since it last filed a return, check the box for "Name change." Generally, a FSC also must have amended its articles of incorporation and filed the amendment with the jurisdiction in which it was incorporated.
If the FSC has changed its address since it last filed a return (including a change to an "in care of" address), check the box for "Address change."
If the FSC is amending its return, check the box for "Amended return."
Line 1. Principal shareholder.
Complete lines 1a through 1h for the shareholder (individual, corporation, partnership, trust, or estate) that was the principal shareholder at the beginning of the FSC's tax year. See the Note under Accounting Period, earlier.
Enter the information in the following order: city or town, state or province, country, and foreign postal code. Follow the country's practice for entering the name of the state or province and postal code. Do not abbreviate the country name.
Line 2. Parent-subsidiary controlled group.
If the FSC is a subsidiary in a parent-subsidiary controlled group and the principal shareholder is not the common parent of the group, complete lines 2a through 2g for the common parent. Enter the consolidated total assets on line 2d for a group that files a consolidated return; otherwise, enter only the common parent's total assets.
Check the "Yes" box on line 2 if the FSC is a subsidiary in a parent-subsidiary controlled group. This applies even if the FSC is a subsidiary member of one group and the parent corporation of another.
The term "parent-subsidiary controlled group" means one or more chains of corporations connected through stock ownership (sections 927(d)(4) and 1563(a)(1)). Both of the following requirements must be met:
More than 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote or more than 50% of the total value of all classes of stock of each corporation in the group (except the parent) must be owned by one or more of the other corporations in the group.
The common parent must own more than 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote or more than 50% of the total value of all classes of stock of at least one of the other corporations in the group.
Stock owned directly by other members of the group is not counted when computing the voting power or value.
See sections 927(d)(4) and 1563(d)(1) for the definition of "stock" for purposes of determining stock ownership above.
Line 2h. Backup withholding.
If the FSC had income tax withheld from any payments it received due to backup withholding, include the amount withheld in the total for line 2h. Show the amount withheld in the blank space in the right-hand column between lines 1 and 2h, and write "backup withholding."
Do not include backup withholding amounts on line 2g. Include on line 2g only amounts withheld under Chapter 3 or 4 of the Code.
Line 3. Estimated tax penalty.
A FSC that does not make estimated tax payments when due may be subject to an underpayment penalty for the period of underpayment. Generally, a FSC is subject to the penalty if its tax liability is $500 or more and it did not timely pay at least the smaller of:
Its current year tax liability or
Its prior year's tax.
Use Form 2220, Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Corporations, to see if the FSC owes the penalty and to figure the amount of the penalty. Generally, the FSC does not have to file this form because the IRS can figure the amount of any penalty and bill the FSC for it. However, even if the FSC does not owe the penalty, complete and attach Form 2220 if the line 3 amount is $500 or more and:
The annualized income or adjusted seasonal installment method is used or
The FSC is a large corporation computing its first required installment based on the prior year's tax. (See the Form 2220 instructions for the definition of a large corporation.)
If Form 2220 is attached, check the box on line 3 and enter the amount of any penalty on this line.
Complete Schedule A only for the cost of goods sold deduction related to foreign trading gross receipts reported on lines 1 through 5 of Schedule B.
Complete column (a) to show the cost of goods sold for inventory acquired in transactions using the administrative pricing rules. Complete column (b) to show the cost of goods sold for inventory acquired in transactions that did not use the administrative pricing rules. For details on the administrative pricing rules, see the Instructions for Schedule P (Form 1120-FSC).
If the FSC acts as another person's commission agent on a sale, do not enter any amount on Schedule A for the sale.
Small FSCs will have to make two separate computations for cost of goods sold if their foreign trading gross receipts exceed the limitation amount on line 6e of Schedule B. In this case, a deduction for cost of goods sold will be figured separately for the income on line 6h of Schedule B, and separately for the income on line 7 of Schedule F.
Generally, unless you are a small business taxpayer, inventories are required at the beginning and end of each tax year if the purchase or sale of merchandise is an income-producing factor. See Regulations section 1.471-1. Additionally, if inventories are required, you generally must use an overall accrual method of accounting.
Exception for small business taxpayers.
Effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, if the FSC is a small business taxpayer (defined below), it may adopt or change its accounting method to account for inventories in the same manner as materials and supplies that are non-incidental, or conform to the FSC's treatment of inventories in an applicable financial statement (as defined in section 451(b)(3)), or if the FSC does not have an applicable financial statement, the method of accounting used in the FSC's books and records prepared in accordance with the FSC's accounting procedures. Changing an accounting method generally requires IRS consent. See section 471(c)(1) and the Change in accounting method section, earlier.
Small business taxpayer.
A small business taxpayer is a taxpayer that (a) has average annual gross receipts of $25 million or less for the 3 prior tax years, and (b) is not a tax shelter (as defined in section 448(d)(3)). See section 471(c).
All FSCs should see Section 263A uniform capitalization rules in the instructions for Schedule G, later. See those instructions before completing Schedule A.
If the FSC uses intercompany pricing rules (for purchases from a related supplier), use the transfer price figured in Part II of Schedule P (Form 1120-FSC).
Line 1. Inventory at beginning of year.
If the FSC is changing its method of accounting for the current tax year, it must refigure last year's closing inventory using its new method of accounting and enter the result on line 1. If there is a difference between last year's closing inventory and the refigured amount, attach an explanation and take it into account when figuring the FSC's section 481(a) adjustment (explained earlier).
Line 4. Additional section 263A costs.
If the FSC has elected a simplified method of accounting, enter on line 4 the balance of section 263A costs paid or incurred during the tax year not includible on lines 2, 3, and 5.
Line 5. Other costs.
Enter on line 5 any costs paid or incurred during the tax year not entered on lines 2 through 4. Attach a statement listing details of the costs.
Line 7. Inventory at end of year.
See Regulations sections 1.263A-1 through 1.263A-3 for details on determining the amount of additional section 263A costs to be included in ending inventory.
Lines 9a through 9f. Inventory valuation methods.
Inventories may be valued at:
Cost or market value (whichever is lower), or
Any other method approved by the IRS that conforms to the requirements of the applicable regulations.
FSCs that use erroneous valuation methods must change to a method permitted for federal income tax purposes. To make this change, use Form 3115. See the Instructions for Form 3115. Also see Pub. 538.
Line 9a. Method of valuing closing inventory.
On line 9a, check the method(s) used for valuing inventories. Under lower of cost or market, the term "market" (for normal goods) means the current bid price prevailing on the inventory valuation date for the particular merchandise in the volume usually purchased by the taxpayer. If section 263A applies to the taxpayer, the basic elements of cost must reflect the current bid price of all direct costs and all indirect costs properly allocable to goods on hand at the inventory date.
Inventory may be valued below cost when the merchandise is unsalable at normal prices or unusable in the normal way because the goods are subnormal due to damage, imperfections, shop wear, etc. The goods may be valued at the bona fide selling price, minus direct cost of disposition (but not less than scrap value). Bona fide selling price means actual offering of goods during a period ending not later than 30 days after inventory date.
Lines 9c and 9d. LIFO method.
If this is the first year the Last-in, First-out (LIFO) inventory method was either adopted or extended to inventory goods not previously valued under the LIFO method provided in section 472, attach Form 970, Application To Use LIFO Inventory Method, or a statement with the information required by Form 970. Also check the LIFO box on line 9c. On line 9d, enter the amount of total closing inventories computed under section 472. Estimates are acceptable.
If the FSC changed or extended its inventory method to LIFO and had to write up the opening inventory to cost in the year of election, report the effect of the write-up as other income (as appropriate on Schedule F, line 16), proportionately over a 3-year period that begins with the year of the LIFO election.
For more information on inventory valuation methods, see Pub. 538. For more information on changes in the method of accounting for inventory, see Form 3115 and the Instructions for Form 3115.
Enter any tax-exempt interest received or accrued. Include any exempt-interest dividends received as a shareholder in a mutual fund or other regulated investment company. Also include this amount on Schedule M-1, line 7a.
If the FSC owned at least a 10% interest, directly or indirectly, in any foreign partnership, attach a statement listing the following information for each foreign partnership. For this purpose, a foreign partnership includes an entity treated as a foreign partnership under Regulations section 301.7701-2 or 301.7701-3.
Name and EIN (if any) of the foreign partnership;
Identify which, if any, of the following forms the foreign partnership filed for its tax year ending with or within the FSC's tax year: Form 1042, 1065, or 8804;
Name of the tax matters partner (if any); and
Beginning and ending dates of the foreign partnership's tax year.
If the FSC has a net operating loss (NOL) attributable to farming losses, it generally can elect to waive the entire carryback period for the NOL and instead carry the NOL forward to future tax years. To do so, check the box on line 6 and file the tax return by its due date, including extensions. Do not attach the statement described in Temporary Regulations section 301.9100-12T. Once made, the election is irrevocable.
If the FSC timely filed its return for the loss year without making the election, it can make the election on an amended return filed within 6 months of the due date of the loss year return (excluding extensions). Attach the election to the amended return and write "Filed pursuant to section 301.9100-2" on the election statement. See the Instructions for Form 1139.
Enter the amount of the NOL carryover to the tax year from prior years, even if some of the loss is used to offset income on this return. The amount to enter is the total of all NOLs generated in prior years but not used to offset income (either as a carryback or carryover) to a tax year prior to the current tax year. Do not reduce the amount by any NOL deduction reported on line 19a, Part II of Schedule B.
Lines 8c and 9b(2).
See Definition of a Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC), earlier, for definitions of qualifying foreign country and U.S. possession.
All FSCs (except small FSCs) must answer these questions. For more information, see Foreign Management Rules, earlier.
All FSCs (except small FSCs) must answer these questions. On line 10b, indicate how the FSC met the foreign direct costs requirement of section 924(d) for all transactions that generated foreign trading gross receipts reported on lines 1 through 5 of Schedule B. Also, complete line 10a
and/or line 10d to make an election to use either of the annual grouping election(s) indicated. See Foreign Economic Process Rules, earlier, for details.
Use Schedule B to compute taxable income from all sources.
Use Part I to compute net income attributable to nonexempt foreign trade income. Income and expenses on lines 1 through 15 are reported in column (a) if the administrative pricing rules were used in the transaction that produced the income.
Report in column (b) all foreign trade income from all transactions in which the administrative pricing rules were not used. Attach a statement that shows the computation of the taxable and nontaxable income included on line 15, column (b). Include only the taxable amount on line 16.
Nonaccrual experience method for service providers.
Accrual method FSCs are not required to accrue certain amounts to be received from the performance of certain services that, based on their experience, will not be collected, if:
The services are in the fields of health, law, engineering, architecture, accounting, actuarial science, performing arts, or consulting; or
The corporation's average annual gross receipts for all prior tax years do not exceed $25 million. For more details, see section 448(d)(5).
This provision does not apply to any amount if interest is required to be paid on the amount or if there is any penalty for failure to timely pay the amount. For more information, see Regulations section 1.448-2.
Corporations that qualify to use the nonaccrual experience method should attach a statement showing total gross receipts, the amount not accrued because of the application of section 448(d)(5), and the net amount accrued. Enter the net amount on the applicable line of Schedule B.
Lines 1 through 5.
Enter the foreign trading gross receipts requested on lines 1 through 5. See section 924 and Foreign Trading Gross Receipts, earlier, for receipts that are excluded and other details. Report commission income on line 1 or line 2 based on the sale, lease, or rental of property on which that commission arose.
If the 50% gross receipts test of section 924(a)(5) is not met, report the FSC's gross receipts that would have otherwise qualified under that section on line 16, Schedule F, instead of line 5,
Lines 6b through 6h.
See section 924(b)(2)(B) for the rules regarding the limitation on the amount of foreign trading gross receipts that a small FSC can take into account in determining its exempt foreign trade income.
Temporary Regulations section 1.921-1T(b)(5) indicates that, in the case of a small FSC having a short tax year, the dollar limitation reported on line 6b or 6c is to be prorated on a daily basis. A small FSC having a short tax year must divide the number of days in its short tax year by the number of days that would have made up a full tax year and enter the resulting fraction on line 6d as a decimal less than 1.00000.
For its 2018 calendar year tax year, a small FSC has a short tax year of 73 days. The FSC enters 0.20 (73/365) on
If commission income is reported in the total for line 6a of Schedule B, total receipts for purposes of line 6f are figured as follows:
|1.||Enter total of columns (a) and (b), line 6a, Schedule B||1.|
|2.||Enter total commission income reported on line 1 and line 2, Schedule B||2.|
|3.||Subtract line 2 from line 1||3.|
|4.||With respect to the commission income reported on line 2 above, enter total gross receipts on the sale, lease, or rental of property on which the commission income arose (section 927(b)(2))||4.|
|5.||Add lines 3 and 4. Enter here and on line 6f, Schedule B||5.|
When making the line 6h allocation, allocate only the commission income from the gross receipts on line 4 above. If the small FSC's foreign trading gross receipts for the tax year (line 6f, Schedule B) exceed its allowable limitation (line 6e, Schedule B), the small FSC may select the gross receipts to which the limitation is allocated. In such a case, allocate the amount on line 6g between columns (a) and (b) on line 6h based on whether the administrative pricing rules were used for the gross receipts selected. See Regulations section 1.921-2(b), Q&A-4.
Line 19a. Net operating loss deduction.
A FSC may use the NOL incurred in one tax year to reduce its taxable income in another tax year. Enter on line 19a the total NOL carryovers from other tax years, but do not enter more than the FSC's taxable income (after the dividends-received deduction). Attach a statement showing the computation of the NOL deduction. Also complete line 7 in Additional Information on page 2 of the form.
For more details on the NOL deduction, see section 172 and the Instructions for Form 1139.
Line 19b. Dividends-received deduction.
A FSC may be entitled to a deduction for dividends it receives from other corporations. Complete the worksheet on page 12 using the Instructions for Dividends and Dividends-Received Deduction Worksheet, later. Attach the completed worksheet to Form 1120-FSC.
Line 20. Taxable income or (loss).
If line 20 is zero or less, the FSC may have an NOL that may be carried back or forward as a deduction to other tax years.
NOLs incurred in tax years ending after 2017 generally can only be carried forward. Exceptions apply to NOLs from a farming loss and NOLs of insurance companies other than life insurance companies, which are carried back two years. For NOLs that can be carried back, the FSC may elect to waive the carryback period and instead carry the NOL forward to future tax years. See the instructions for Additional Information, line 6, earlier, for information on making the election to waive the entire carryback period for farming losses. See the Instructions for Form 1139 for other special rules and elections.
For purposes of the Note at the top of Schedule E, a C corporation is a corporation other than an S corporation. Shareholders, other than C corporations, are individuals, partnerships, S corporations, trusts, and estates.
Use lines 2a through 2d to figure the exemption percentage for foreign trade income determined by not using the administrative pricing rules. See section 923(a)(2).
Use lines 3a through 3d to figure the exemption percentage for foreign trade income that was determined by using the administrative pricing rules (see section 923(a)(3)). If a qualified cooperative is a shareholder of the FSC, see section 923(a)(4).
Enter net income from nonexempt foreign trade income and related expenses in Part I.
Enter FSC income that resulted from the FSC's cooperation with an international boycott. See section 927(e)(2) and Form 5713 and related schedules and instructions.
Enter the amount, if any, of illegal payments, bribes, or kickbacks that the FSC paid, directly or indirectly, to government officials, employees, or agents. See section 927(e)(2).
See the instructions for Schedule A before completing this line.
Enter the taxable portion of gross income of the FSC that was not derived from foreign trading gross receipts. This type of income includes:
Small FSCs only. Amounts specifically excluded from foreign trade income because of the small FSC limitation (the amount by which line 6f of Schedule B exceeds line 6e of Schedule B). (Enter the excess, if any, on line 7 of Schedule F.)
Investment type income. (Enter on lines 8 through 12 of Schedule F.)
Income from property that is subsidized, deemed in short supply, or destined for use in the United States. (Enter on lines 13 and 14 of Schedule F.)
Amounts from transactions that did not meet the foreign economic process requirements. (Enter on line 15 of
Other nonforeign trade income. (Enter on line 16 of Schedule F.)
For more details, see sections 924(f) and 927(a)(2) and (3).
Complete the Dividends and Dividends-Received Deduction Worksheet, later, to figure the total dividends to report on
line 9. Attach the completed worksheet to Form 1120-FSC.
Enter the deductions allocated or apportioned to line 17 income. Attach to Form 1120-FSC a statement listing each type of deduction. Show deductions related to cost of goods sold separately. See the instructions for Schedule A, earlier, before completing this line.
Passive activity limitations.
Section 469 generally limits the deduction of passive activity losses for closely held FSCs and FSCs that are personal service corporations. See section 469 and the Instructions for Form 8810 for details.
For purposes of the 20% ownership test on lines 1 through 7, the percentage of stock owned by the FSC is based on voting power and value of the stock. Preferred stock described in section 1504(a)(4) is not taken into account.
Enter dividends (except those received on certain debt-financed stock acquired after July 18, 1984–see section 246A) that:
Are received from less-than-20%-owned domestic corporations subject to income tax, and
Qualify for the 50% deduction under section 243(a)(1).
Also include on line 1 dividends (except those received on certain debt-financed stock acquired after July 18, 1984) from a regulated investment company (RIC). The amount of dividends eligible for the dividends-received deduction under section 243 is limited by section 854(b). The FSC should receive a notice from the RIC specifying the amount of dividends that qualify for the deduction.
Report so-called dividends or earnings received from mutual savings banks, etc., as interest. Do not treat them as dividends.
Enter dividends (except those received on certain debt-financed stock acquired after July 18, 1984) that are received from 20%-or-more-owned domestic corporations subject to income tax and that are subject to the 65% deduction under section 243(c).
Enter the following.
Dividends received on certain debt-financed stock acquired after July 18, 1984, from domestic and foreign corporations subject to income tax that would otherwise be subject to the dividends-received deduction under section 243(a)(1), 243(c), or 245(a). Generally, debt-financed stock is stock that the FSC acquired by incurring a debt (for example, it borrowed money to buy the stock).
Dividends received from a RIC on debt-financed stock. The amount of dividends eligible for the dividends-received deduction is limited by section 854(b). The FSC should receive a notice from the RIC specifying the amount of dividends that qualify for the deduction.
Dividends received on certain debt-financed stock acquired after July 18, 1984, are not entitled to the full 50% or 65% dividends-received deduction under section 243 or 245(a). The 50% or 65% deduction is reduced by a percentage that is related to the amount of debt incurred to acquire the stock. See section 246A. Also, see section 245(a) before making this computation for an additional limitation that applies to certain dividends received from foreign corporations. Attach a statement to Form 1120-FSC showing how the amount on line 3, column (c), was figured.
Enter dividends received on the preferred stock of a less-than-20%-owned public utility that is subject to income tax and is allowed the 23.3% deduction provided in sections 244 and 247 (as affected by P.L. 113-295, Div. A, section 221(a)(41)(A), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4043) for dividends paid.
Enter dividends received on preferred stock of a 20%-or-more-owned public utility that is subject to income tax and is allowed the 26.7% deduction provided in sections 244 and 247 (as affected by P.L. 113-295, Div. A, section 221(a)(41)(A), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4043) for dividends paid.
Enter the U.S.-source portion of dividends that:
Are received from less-than-20%-owned foreign corporations, and
Qualify for the 50% deduction under section 245(a). To qualify for the 50% deduction, the FSC must own at least 10% of the stock of the foreign corporation by vote and value.
Enter the U.S.-source portion of dividends that are received from 20%-or-more-owned foreign corporations and that qualify for the 65% deduction under sections 243 and 245(a).
Limitation on dividends-received deduction.
Generally, line 8, column (c), may not exceed the amount on line 10 of the worksheet below. However, in a year in which an NOL occurs, this limitation does not apply, even if the loss is created by the dividends-received deduction. See sections 172(d) and 246(b).
|1.||Refigure line 18, Part II, Schedule B (page 3 of Form 1120-FSC) without any adjustment under section 1059 and without any capital loss carryback to the tax year under section 1212(a)(1)||1.|
|2.||Multiply line 1 by 65% (0.65)||2.|
|3.||Add lines 2, 5, and 7, column (c), and the part of the deduction on line 3, column (c), that is attributable to dividends from 20%-or-more-owned corporations||3.|
|4.||Enter the smaller of line 2 or line 3. If line 3 is greater than line 2, stop here; enter the amount from line 4 on line 8, column (c), and do not complete lines 5–10 below||4.|
|5.||Enter the total amount of dividends from 20%-or-more-owned corporations that are included on lines 2, 3, 5, and 7, column (a)||5.|
|6.||Subtract line 5 from line 1||6.|
|7.||Multiply line 6 by 50% (0.50)||7.|
|8.||Subtract line 3 above from line 8, column (c)||8.|
|9.||Enter the smaller of line 7 or line 8||9.|
|10.||Dividends-received deduction after limitation (sec. 246(b)). Add lines 4 and 9. Enter the result here and on line 8, column (c)||10.|
Include the following.
Dividends (other than capital gain distributions reported on Schedule D (Form 1120) and exempt-interest dividends) that are received from RICs and that are not subject to the 50% deduction.
Dividends from tax-exempt organizations.
Dividends (other than capital gain distributions) received from a real estate investment trust that, for the tax year of the trust in which the dividends are paid, qualifies under sections 856 through 860.
Dividends not eligible for a dividends-received deduction, which include the following.
Dividends received on any share of stock held for less than 46 days during the 91-day period beginning 45 days before the ex-dividend date. When counting the number of days the FSC held the stock, you may not count certain days during which the FSC's risk of loss was diminished. See section 246(c)(4) and Regulations section 1.246-5 for more details.
Dividends attributable to periods totaling more than 366 days that the FSC received on any share of preferred stock held for less than 91 days during the 181-day period that began 90 days before the ex-dividend date. When counting the number of days the FSC held the stock, you may not count certain days during which the FSC's risk of loss was diminished. See section 246(c)(4) and Regulations section 1.246-5 for more details. Preferred dividends attributable to periods totaling less than 367 days are subject to the 46-day holding period rule above.
Dividends on any share of stock to the extent the FSC is under an obligation (including a short sale) to make related payments with respect to positions in substantially similar or related property.
Any other taxable dividend income not properly reported elsewhere on the Dividends and Dividends-Received Deduction Worksheet.
If patronage dividends or per-unit retain allocations are included on line 10, identify the total of these amounts in a statement attached to Form 1120-FSC.
Deductions Allocated or Apportioned to Foreign Trade Income Other Than Foreign Trade Income Reported on Schedule F
Section 263A uniform capitalization rules.
The uniform capitalization rules of section 263A require FSCs to capitalize certain costs to inventory or other property.
In general, FSCs subject to the section 263A uniform capitalization rules are required to capitalize:
Direct costs of property produced or acquired for resale, and
Certain indirect costs (including taxes) that are properly allocable to property produced or property acquired for resale.
Indirect costs properly allocable to property acquired for resale are generally those costs in the following categories:
Off-site storage or warehousing.
Handling, such as processing, assembling, repackaging, and transporting.
General and administrative costs (mixed service costs).
For details, see Regulations section 1.263A-3(d).
In general, the FSC cannot deduct the costs required to be capitalized under section 263A until it sells, uses, or otherwise disposes of the property (to which the costs relate). The FSC recovers these costs through depreciation, amortization, or costs of goods sold.
Effective for tax years beginning after 2017, a small business taxpayer (defined earlier) is not required to capitalize costs under section 263A. A small business taxpayer that wants to discontinue capitalizing costs under section 263A must change its method of accounting. See section 263A(i). Also see Change in accounting method, earlier.
For more information on the uniform capitalization rules, see Pub. 538. For non-small business taxpayers, see Regulations sections 1.263A-1 through 1.263A-3.
Transactions between related taxpayers.
Generally, an accrual basis taxpayer may only deduct business expenses and interest owed to a related party in the year the payment is included in the income of the related party. See sections 163(e)(3) and 267(a)(2) for limitations on deductions for unpaid interest and expenses.
Limitations on business interest expense.
Business interest expense is limited for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. See section 163(j) and Form 8990.
Enter only foreign direct costs on lines 1a through 1e. See section 924(e) and Regulations sections 1.924(e)-1(a) through (e) for definitions and rules on direct activity costs related to foreign trade income.
Line 5. Salaries and wages.
Enter the total salaries and wages paid for the tax year. Do not include salaries and wages deductible elsewhere on the return, such as amounts included in officers' compensation, cost of goods sold, elective contributions to a section 401(k) cash or deferred arrangement, or amounts contributed under a salary reduction SEP agreement or a SIMPLE IRA plan.
Line 10. Compensation of officers.
Enter deductible officers' compensation on line 10. Do not include compensation deductible elsewhere on the return, such as amounts included in cost of goods sold, elective contributions to a section 401(k) cash or deferred arrangement, or amounts contributed under a salary reduction SEP agreement or a SIMPLE IRA plan. See the Instructions for Form 1125-E for more information on officers' compensation, including any special rules and limitations that may apply. You are not required to complete Form 1125-E or attach it to Form 1120-FSC.
Line 14. Other deductions.
Attach a statement, listing by type and amount, all allowable deductions that are not deductible elsewhere on Form 1120-FSC. Enter the total on line 14.
Examples of other deductions include:
Amortization (see Form 4562).
Legal and professional fees.
Supplies used and consumed in the business.
Do not deduct:
Fines or penalties paid to a government or government entity for violating any law or for government investigations into potential violations of the law. However, see section 162(f) for exceptions to the general rule.
Any amount that is allocable to a class of exempt income. See section 265(b) for exceptions.
See Pub. 535 and Pub. 542 for details on other deductions that may apply to corporations. Also, see the Instructions for Form 1120.
If the FSC is a member of a controlled group, as defined in section 927(d)(4), it must check the box on line 1 and complete Schedule O (Form 1120). See Schedule O and its instructions for more information.
For tax years beginning in 2018, FSCs, including FSCs that are qualified personal service corporations (as defined in section 448(d)(2)), figure their tax by multiplying taxable income (Schedule B, line 20) by 21%. Enter this amount on line 2.
If the corporation had gross receipts of at least $500 million in any one of the 3 tax years preceding the current tax year, complete and attach Form 8991. Enter on line 3 the base erosion minimum tax from Form 8991, Part IV, line 5e. See section 59A and the Instructions for Form 8991.
Foreign tax credit.
Generally, a FSC may not claim a foreign tax credit. It may, however, claim a foreign tax credit for any foreign taxes imposed on foreign source taxable nonforeign trade income (Schedule F, Part II) that is treated as effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business. See Temporary Regulations section 1.921-3T(d)(2) for more details.
|(See Instructions for Dividends and Dividends-Received Deduction Worksheet, earlier.)||(a) Dividends
|(b) %||(c) Dividends-received deduction: (a) x (b)|
|1||Dividends from less-than-20%-owned domestic corporations (other than debt-financed stock)||50|
|2||Dividends from 20%-or-more-owned domestic corporations (other than debt-financed stock)||65|
|3||Dividends on certain debt-financed stock of domestic and foreign corporations (section 246A)||See Inst.|
|4||Dividends on certain preferred stock of less-than-20%-owned public utilities||23.3|
|5||Dividends on certain preferred stock of 20%-or-more-owned public utilities||26.7|
|6||Dividends from less-than-20%-owned foreign corporations||50|
|7||Dividends from 20%-or-more-owned foreign corporations||65|
|8||Total dividends-received deduction. Add lines 1 through 7. See instructions for limitation. Enter here and on Schedule B, line 19b||▸|
|9||Other dividends from foreign corporations not included on line 3, 6, or 7|
|11||Total dividends. Add lines 1 through 10. Enter here and on Schedule F, line 9||▸|
The balance sheet should agree with the FSC's books and records. Include certificates of deposit as cash on line 1, Schedule L.
Line 5. Tax-exempt securities.
Include on this line:
State and local government obligations, the interest on which is excludible from gross income under section 103(a) and
Stock in a mutual fund or other regulated investment company that distributed exempt-interest dividends during the tax year of the FSC.
Line 27. Adjustments to shareholders' equity.
Some examples of adjustments to report on this line include:
Foreign currency translation adjustments.
The excess of additional pension liability over unrecognized prior service cost.
If the total adjustment to be entered on line 27 is a negative amount, enter the amount in parentheses.
Line 5c. Travel and entertainment.
Include on line 5c any of the following.
Entertainment expenses not deductible under section 274(a).
Entertainment-related meal expenses.
Non-entertainment meal expenses not deductible under section 274(n).
Expenses for the use of an entertainment facility.
The part of business gifts over $25.
Expenses of an individual over $2,000, which are allocable to conventions on cruise ships.
Employee achievement awards of nontangible or tangible property over $400 ($1,600 if part of a qualified plan).
The cost of skyboxes.
Nondeductible club dues.
The part of luxury water travel expenses not deductible under section 274(m).
Expenses for travel as a form of education.
Other nondeductible travel and entertainment expenses.
For more information, see Pub. 535.
Line 7a. Tax-exempt interest.
Report any tax-exempt interest received or accrued, including any exempt-interest dividends received as a shareholder in a mutual fund or other regulated investment company. Also report this amount on line 2, Additional Information, on page 2 of the form.
We ask for the information on this form to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are required to give us the information. We need it to ensure that you are complying with these laws and to allow us to figure and collect the right amount of tax.
You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as required by section 6103.
The time needed to complete and file this form and related schedule will vary depending on individual circumstances. The estimated burden for taxpayers filing this form and schedule is approved under OMB control number 1545-0123 and is included in the estimates shown in the Instructions for Form 1120.
If you have comments concerning the accuracy of these time estimates or suggestions for making this form and related schedule simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. You can send us comments through IRS.gov/FormComments. Or you can write to the Internal Revenue Service, Tax Forms and Publications, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington, DC 20224. Do not send the tax form to this address. Instead, see Where To File, earlier.
This list of principal business activities and their associated codes is designed to classify an enterprise by the type of activity in which it is engaged to facilitate the administration of the Internal Revenue Code. These principal business activity codes are based on the North American Industry Classification System.
Using the list of activities and codes below, determine from which activity the FSC derives the largest percentage of its "total receipts." Total receipts is defined as the sum of the foreign trading gross receipts on Form 1120-FSC, page 3, Schedule B, line 6a, and the total income on page 4, Schedule F, lines 4 and 17. If the FSC's largest percentage of its total receipts is derived from the wholesale trading of durable goods, the FSC must use one of the corresponding codes from the list below (423100-423990).
Once the principal business activity is determined, entries must be made on Form 1120-FSC, page 2, Additional Information, lines 1a, 1b, and 1c. For the business activity code number, enter the six digit code selected from the list below. On line 1b, enter a brief description of the FSC's business activity. Finally, enter a description of the principal product or service of the FSC on line 1c.
423200 - Furniture & Home Furnishings
423300 - Lumber & Other Construction Materials
423400 - Professional & Commercial Equipment & Supplies
423500 - Metal & Mineral (except Petroleum)
423600 - Electrical & Electronic Goods
423700 - Hardware, Plumbing & Heating Equipment & Supplies
423800 - Machinery, Equipment, & Supplies
423910 - Sporting & Recreational Goods & Supplies
423920 - Toy & Hobby Goods & Supplies
423930 - Recyclable Materials
423940 - Jewelry, Watch, Precious Stone, & Precious Metals
423990 - Other Miscellaneous Durable Goods
424210 - Drugs & Druggists' Sundries
424300 - Apparel, Piece Goods, & Notions
424400 - Grocery & Related Products
424500 - Farm Product Raw Materials
424600 - Chemical & Allied Products
424700 - Petroleum & Petroleum Products
424800 - Beer, Wine, & Distilled Alcoholic Beverages
424910 - Farm Supplies
424920 - Book, Periodical, & Newspapers
424930 - Flower, Nursery Stock, & Florists' Supplies
424940 - Tobacco & Tobacco Products
424950 - Paint, Varnish, & Supplies
424990 - Other Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods
511120 - Periodical Publishers
511130 - Book Publishers
511140 - Directory & Mailing List Publishers
511190 - Other Publishers
511210 - Software Publishers
512200 - Sound Recording Industries
515210 - Cable & Other Subscription Programming
532210 - Consumer Electronics & Appliances Rental
532220 - Formal Wear & Costume Rental
532230 - Video Tape & Disc Rental
532290 - Other Consumer Goods Rental
532310 - General Rental Centers
532400 - Commercial & Industrial Machinery & Equipment Rental & Leasing
541320 - Landscape Architecture Services
541330 - Engineering Services
541340 - Drafting Services
541350 - Building Inspection Services
541360 - Geophysical Surveying & Mapping Services
541370 - Surveying & Mapping (except Geophysical) Services
541380 - Testing Laboratories