Outsourcing Payroll Duties Can Be a Sound Business Practice, But... Know Your Tax Responsibilities as an Employer
Many employers outsource some or all of their payroll and related tax duties (i.e., withholding, reporting, and paying social security, Medicare, and income taxes) to third-party payroll service providers. Third-party payroll service providers can help assure filing deadlines and deposit requirements are met and greatly streamline business operations. Some of the services they provide are:
- Administering payroll and employment taxes on behalf of the employer, where the employer provides the funds initially to the third-party.
- Reporting, collecting and depositing employment taxes with state and federal authorities.
Employers who outsource some or all of their payroll responsibilities should consider the following:
- The employer is ultimately responsible for the deposit and payment of federal tax liabilities. Even though the employer may forward the tax amounts to the third-party to make the tax deposits, the employer is the responsible party. If the third-party fails to make the federal tax payments, the IRS may assess penalties and interest on the employer’s account. The employer is liable for all taxes, penalties and interest due. The employer may also be held personally liable for certain unpaid federal taxes.
- If there are any issues with an account, the IRS will send correspondence to the employer at the address of record. The IRS strongly suggests that the employer does not change their address of record to that of the payroll service provider as it may significantly limit the employer’s ability to be informed of tax matters involving their business.
- Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) must be used to deposit all federal tax deposits. Generally, an EFT is made using Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS). Employers should ensure their payroll service providers are using EFTPS, so the employers can confirm that payments are being made on their behalf. Employers should register on the EFTPS system to get their own PIN and use this PIN to periodically verify payments. A red flag should go up the first time a service provider misses or makes a late payment. When an employer registers on EFTPS they will have on-line access to their payment history for 16 months. In addition, EFTPS allows employers to make any additional tax payments that their third-party provider is not making on their behalf such as estimated tax payments.
EFTPS is secure, accurate, easy to use and provides an immediate confirmation for each transaction. The service is offered free of charge from the U.S. Department of Treasury and enables employers to make and verify federal tax payments electronically 24 hours a day, 7 days a week through the Internet, or by phone. For more information, employers can enroll online at EFTPS.gov, or call EFTPS Customer Service at (800) 555-4477 for an enrollment form.
There have been recent prosecutions of individuals and companies who, acting under the guise of a payroll service provider, have stolen funds intended for payment of employment taxes.
Remember, employers are ultimately the parties responsible for the payment of income tax withheld and both the employer and employee portions of social security and Medicare taxes.
Employers who believe that a bill or notice received is a result of a problem with their payroll service provider should contact the IRS as soon as possible by calling the number on the bill, writing to the IRS office that sent the bill, calling 1-800-829-4933, or visiting a local IRS office. For more information about IRS notices, bills and payment options, refer to Publication 594, The IRS Collection Process (PDF).