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For you and your family
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Forms and Instructions

Individual Tax Return
Instructions for Form 1040
Request for Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) and Certification
Request for Transcript of Tax Return


Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate
Employer's Quarterly Federal Tax Return
Employers engaged in a trade or business who pay compensation
Installment Agreement Request

Popular For Tax Pros

Amend/Fix Return
Apply for Power of Attorney
Apply for an ITIN
Rules Governing Practice before IRS

Volunteer Training Resources

VITA/TCE Training Supplement

Publication 4491-X, VITA/TCE Training Supplement contains new tax law training and other updates to the VITA/TCE training products. Volunteer tax preparers and course instructors must complete the supplemental training in this publication before assisting taxpayers. The publication is available on this Web site in mid-December of each year. Please download it for training purposes. See also the Other Technical Resources and Training Products section at the bottom of this page.

VITA/TCE Student & Instructor Training Kits

Volunteer tax preparation training uses a process-based approach to engage each student in the return preparation process. Role play and demonstrations on how to use the technical tools to complete an accurate return are used extensively. Students may use the following printed training materials for the Basic, Advanced, Military and International courses:

    • Publication 4480, Link & Learn Taxes Kit - consists of the exercise workbook (Publication 4491-W); Volunteer Resource Guide (Publication 4012) which should also be used at the site; and Form 6744 - Test/Retest. Publication 4480 is the cover transmittal for the kit. The electronic course evaluation form is part of Link & Learn Taxes online.
    • Publication 4491, Student Training Guide

E-learning Products - CDs are also available for students who prefer this method of learning:

    • Publication 5051 CD - contains Publications 4491, 4491-W, 4012 and a number of other training materials
    • Publication 1290 CD - contains the Link & Learn Taxes application

For ordering guidance and other information, please consult your local IRS-SPEC tax consultant.

VITA/TCE Instructor Training Guidance

Instructor guidance is available to volunteer instructors on Publication 4555-e, VITA/TCE e-Instructor Guidance, contains information for instructors who teach volunteers how to prepare tax returns using Link and Learn Taxes or the printed VITA/TCE training guide (Publication 4491). The instructor guidance contains the following information:

    • Instructor preparation tools
    • Checklist for teaching each lesson
    • Lessons, problems, exercises and online tools for each curriculum
    • Answers to frequently asked instructor questions
    • Links to online and ordered training resources

While all volunteers are encouraged to take the test online for electronic grading, immediate feedback and certification, the answers to the Test/Retest (Publication 4189 CD) are available to instructors through the local IRS-SPEC territory office. Instructors may find other helpful information in Publication 1084, Site Coordinator Handbook and on the Site Coordinator Corner.

Foreign Student and Scholar Return Preparation Products

The course is designed as a stand-alone training resource. It can also be used in conjunction with the Basic and Advanced VITA/TCE course content using Link and Learn Taxes online.

Additional resources are listed below and are available through an IRS-SPEC tax consultant or on the IRS Forms and Publication page.

    • Publication 4011, Foreign Students and Scholars Resource Guide  
    • Publication 4152, Electronic Toolkit for Nonresident Alien
    • Publication 4704-FS, Foreign Student and Scholar Test
    • Foreign Student and Scholar Test Answer Key (Publication 4704 FS-A) is also available to partners from an IRS-SPEC tax consultant.
    • Form 13614NR, Intake and Interview Sheet for Nonresident Aliens

Resident of Puerto Rico Products

    • Puerto Rico Resource Guide (Publication 4696 PR) 
    • Puerto Rico test for Volunteers (Publication 4695 PR) 
    • Instructor Guide and Test Answers (Publication 4695 PR-A)  

Other Technical Resources and Training Products

All volunteer return preparers including instructors are encouraged to visit the Partner and Volunteer Resources Center on for the latest information about technical issues and program updates.   The following are additional technical resources for volunteer return preparation training:  

    • Publication 4491-W - Current Tax Year Answers   
    • Publication 17 - Your Federal Income Tax for Individuals
    • Consult your IRS-SPEC territory office for following:
      • Answer keys to all certification tests/retests   
      • Product Ordering Guidance
      • e-file Administrator’s Handbook (Publication 3189)
    • Volunteer Hotline (available late January through mid-April)
    • Electronic and downloadable Forms and Publications
    • Tax Trails can help you find answers to general tax questions on deductions, exclusions, tax credits and other tax topics
    • Hot topics from the IRS newsroom