Instructions for Form 8858 (12/2013)

Information Return of U.S. Persons With Respect To Foreign Disregarded Entities

Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless otherwise noted.

Revised: 12/2013


Instructions for Form 8858 - Introductory Material

Future Developments

For the latest information about developments related to Form 8858, Schedule M (Form 8858), and their instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to www.irs.gov/form8858.

What's New

  • A foreign disregarded entity (FDE) with multiple direct owners is now required to attach a statement to Form 8858. See the instructions for line 4, later.

  • The filing requirements for an owner of a qualified business unit (QBU) arising from the activities of an FDE have been clarified. See the instructions for Schedule C-1, later.

General Instructions

Purpose of Form

Form 8858 is used by certain U.S. persons that own an FDE directly or, in certain circumstances, indirectly or constructively. See U.S. Person Filing Form 8858, later. The form and schedules are used to satisfy the reporting requirements of sections 6011, 6012, 6031, and 6038, and related regulations.

Who Must File

The following U.S. persons that are tax owners of FDEs (see definitions below), or that own certain interests in foreign tax owners of FDEs, must file Form 8858.

1. U.S. Persons That Are Tax Owners of FDEs

at any time during the U.S. person's taxable year or annual accounting period. Complete the entire Form 8858, but do not complete the separate Schedule M (Form 8858), Transactions Between Foreign Disregarded Entity of a Foreign Tax Owner and the Filer or Other Related Entities.



2. Certain U.S. Persons That Are Required To File Form 5471 With Respect To a Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) That is a Tax Owner of an FDE

at any time during the CFC's annual accounting period:

Category 4 filers of Form 5471.

Complete the entire Form 8858 and the separate Schedule M (Form 8858).

Category 5 filers of Form 5471.

Complete only the identifying information on page 1 of Form 8858 (for example, everything above Schedule C) and Schedules G and H on page 2 of Form 8858. Do not complete the separate Schedule M (Form 8858).



3. Certain U.S. Persons That Are Required To File Form 8865 With Respect To a Controlled Foreign Partnership (CFP) That is a Tax Owner of an FDE

at any time during the CFP's annual accounting period:

Category 1 filers of Form 8865.

Complete the entire Form 8858 and the separate Schedule M (Form 8858).

Category 2 filers of Form 8865.

Complete only the identifying information on page 1 of Form 8858 (for example, everything above Schedule C) and Schedules G and H on page 2 of Form 8858. Do not complete the separate Schedule M (Form 8858). You are not required to complete Form 8858 if there is a Category 1 filer of Form 8865 that completes the entire Form 8858 and separate Schedule M (Form 8858) with respect to the FDE.



Note.

Complete a separate Form 8858 and all applicable schedules for each FDE.



Exceptions To Filing Form 8858

Multiple filers of the same information.

In the case of Category 4 or 5 filers of Form 5471 or Category 1 filers of Form 8865 who are also required to file Form 8858, one person may file Form 8858 and Schedule M (Form 8858), if applicable, for other persons who have the same filing requirements with respect to both Form 8858 and Form 5471 or Form 8865. If you and one or more other persons are required to furnish information for the same FDE for the same period, this information may be included with or attached to, and filed in the same manner as, the multiple filer information provided with respect to the CFC or the CFP. See Multiple filers of same information in the Form 5471 instructions or Multiple Category 1 filers in the Form 8865 instructions.



When and Where To File

Form 8858 is due when your income tax return or information return is due, including extensions. If you are the tax owner of the FDE, attach Form 8858 and the separate Schedule M (Form 8858), if required, to your income tax return or information return. If you are not the tax owner of the FDE, attach Form 8858 to any Form 5471 or Form 8865 you are filing with respect to the CFC or the CFP that is the tax owner of the FDE.

Definitions

U.S. Person

A U.S. person is:

  • A citizen or resident alien of the United States (see Pub. 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens, for guidance on determining resident alien status),

  • A domestic partnership,

  • A domestic corporation,

  • Any estate (other than a foreign estate, within the meaning of section 7701(a)(31)(A)), and

  • Any domestic trust.

    A domestic trust is any trust if:

    1. A court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust and

    2. One or more U.S. persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust.

U.S. Person Filing Form 8858

The U.S. person filing Form 8858 is any U.S. person that:

  • Is the tax owner of an FDE.

  • Owns a specified interest in an FDE indirectly or constructively through a CFC or a CFP. See items 2 and 3 of Who Must File, earlier, for more detailed information.

Throughout these instructions, when the pronouns "you" and "your" are used, they are used in reference to the U.S. person filing Form 8858.

Foreign Disregarded Entity (FDE)

An FDE is an entity that is not created or organized in the United States and that is disregarded as an entity separate from its owner for U.S. income tax purposes under Regulations sections 301.7701-2 and 301.7701-3. See the instructions for Form 8832, Entity Classification Election, for more information.

An eligible entity uses Form 8832 to elect how it will be classified for federal tax purposes. A copy of Form 8832 is attached to the entity's federal tax return for the tax year of the election; however, special rules apply if the entity is not required to file a tax return. For more information, see Where To File in the instructions for Form 8832.

Note.

Rules, effective September 28, 2009, allow an eligible entity to request a late entity classification election. See Rev. Proc. 2009-41, 2009-39 I.R.B. 439 for more information.

Tax Owner of FDE

The tax owner of the FDE is the person that is treated as owning the assets and liabilities of the FDE for purposes of U.S. income tax law.

Direct Owner of FDE

The direct owner of an FDE is the legal owner of the disregarded entity.

For example, assume A, a U.S. individual, is a 60% partner of CFP, a controlled foreign partnership. FDE 1 is an FDE owned by CFP, and FDE 2 is an FDE owned by FDE 1. In this example, FDE 1 is the direct owner of FDE 2, and CFP is the direct owner of FDE 1. CFP is the tax owner with respect to both FDE 1 and FDE 2. A would be required to file the Forms 8858 relating to FDE 1 and FDE 2 with the Form 8865 it files with respect to CFP.

Penalties

Failure to file information required by section 6038(a) (Form 8858 and Schedule M (Form 8858)).

  • A $10,000 penalty is imposed for each annual accounting period of each CFC or CFP for failure to furnish the required information within the time prescribed. If the information is not filed within 90 days after the IRS has mailed a notice of the failure to the U.S. person, an additional $10,000 penalty (per CFC or CFP) is charged for each 30-day period, or fraction thereof, during which the failure continues after the 90-day period has expired. The additional penalty is limited to a maximum of $50,000 for each failure.

  • Any person who fails to file or report all of the information required within the time prescribed will be subject to a reduction of 10% of the foreign taxes available for credit under sections 901, 902, and 960. If the failure continues 90 days or more after the date the IRS mails notice of the failure to the U.S. person, an additional 5% reduction is made for each 3-month period, or fraction thereof, during which the failure continues after the 90-day period has expired. See section 6038(c)(2) for limits on the amount of this penalty.



Criminal penalties.

Criminal penalties under sections 7203, 7206, and 7207 may apply for failure to file the information required by section 6038.

Note.

Any person required to file Form 8858 and Schedule M (Form 8858) who agrees to have another person file the form and schedules for him or her may be subject to the above penalties if the other person does not file a correct and proper form and schedule.



Other Reporting Requirements

Reporting Exchange Rates on Form 8858

When translating amounts from functional currency to U.S. dollars, you must use the method specified in these instructions. But, regardless of the specific method required, all exchange rates must be reported using a "divide-by convention" rounded to at least 4 places. That is, the exchange rate must be reported in terms of the amount by which the functional currency amount must be divided in order to reflect an equivalent amount of U.S. dollars. As such, the exchange rate must be reported as the units of foreign currency that equal one U.S. dollar, rounded to at least 4 places. Do not report the exchange rate as the number of U.S. dollars that equal one unit of foreign currency.

Note.

You must round the result to more than 4 places if failure to do so would materially distort the exchange rate or the equivalent amount of U.S. dollars.

Example.

During its annual accounting period, an FDE owned by a U.S. person had current income of 30,255,400 Yen on Schedule H, line 6. The Schedule H instructions specify that the filer must translate these amounts into U.S. dollars at the average exchange rate for the tax year in accordance with the rules of section 989(b). The average exchange rate is 118.5050 Japanese Yen to 1 U.S. dollar (0.00843846 U.S. dollars to 1 Japanese Yen). Divide 30,255,400 Yen by 118.5050 to determine the U.S. dollar amount to enter on line 7 of Schedule H. Enter 118.5050 after the flush language following line 7.

Electronic Filing of Form 8858

If you file your income tax return electronically, see the instructions for your income tax return for general information about electronic filing.

Note.

If you are filing Form 1120 or 1065 electronically, you must attach Form 8858 electronically (as an attachment to your electronically filed Form 5471, Form 8865, Form 1120, or Form 1065). If you are filing Form 1040 or Form 1041 electronically (with or without a Form 5471 or Form 8865), attach Form 8858 to the applicable Form 8453.

Computer-Generated Form 8858 and Schedules

A computer-generated Form 8858 and its schedules may be filed if they conform to and do not deviate from the official form and schedules. Generally, all computer-generated forms must receive prior approval from the IRS and are subject to an annual review.

Submit all requests for approval to:

Internal Revenue Service Attention: Substitute Forms Program, SE:W:CAR:MP:T:M:S 1111 Constitution Avenue NW IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224

Important:

Be sure to attach the approval letter to Form 8858.

Every year, the IRS issues a revenue procedure to provide guidance for filers of computer-generated forms. In addition, every year the IRS issues Pub. 1167, General Rules and Specifications For Substitute Forms and Schedules, which reprints the most recent applicable revenue procedure. Pub. 1167 is available at www.irs.gov/pub1167, or can be ordered by calling 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676).

Dormant FDEs

Announcement 2004-4, 2004-4 I.R.B. 357, provides for a summary filing procedure for filing Form 8858 for a dormant FDE. A dormant FDE is an FDE that would be a dormant CFC if it were treated as a foreign corporation for U.S. tax purposes.

If you elect the summary procedure, complete only the identifying information above Schedule C on page 1 of Form 8858 for each dormant FDE as follows:

  • The top margin of the summary return must be labeled "Filed Pursuant to Announcement 2004-4 for Dormant FDE."

  • Include the name, address, identifying number, and tax year of the U.S. person filing Form 8858 (see definition, earlier).

  • Include the annual accounting period of the dormant FDE (below the title of the form) and complete items 1a through 1e and 1g.

  • Complete items 3a through 3d, if applicable.

  • Complete items 4a through 4c, if applicable.

File this summary return in the manner described in When and Where To File, earlier.

Specific Instructions

Important:

If the information required in a given section exceeds the space provided within that section, do not write "see attached" in the section and then attach all of the information on additional sheets. Instead, complete all entry spaces in the section and attach the remaining information on additional sheets. The additional sheets must conform with the IRS version of that section.

Identifying Information

Annual Accounting Period

Enter, in the space provided below the title of Form 8858, the annual accounting period of the FDE for which you are furnishing information. The annual accounting period of an FDE is the annual accounting period or taxable year of the tax owner. Therefore, in the case of a U.S. tax owner, the annual accounting period of the FDE is the taxable year of the U.S. tax owner; and in the case of a CFC or CFP that is a tax owner, the annual accounting period of the FDE is the annual accounting period of the CFC or CFP.

Person Filing This Return

In the spaces provided at the top of page 1 of Form 8858, provide the identifying information for the U.S. person filing Form 8858 (see definition, earlier).

If a U.S. corporation is the U.S. person filing Form 8858 and is a member of a consolidated group, list the common parent as the person filing the return and enter its identifying information in the spaces provided at the top of page 1 of the form.

Name Change

If the name of the person filing the return, the tax owner, the direct owner, or the FDE whose activities are being reported changed within the past 3 years, show the prior name(s) in parentheses after the current name.

Addresses

Use the following instructions to complete lines 1a, 2a, 2b, 3a, 4a, and the entry spaces at the top of page 1 of the form for the filer's address.

U.S. Addresses.

Include the suite, room, or other unit number after the street address. If the Post Office does not deliver mail to the street address and the U.S. person has a P.O. box, show the box number instead.



Foreign Addresses.

Enter the information in the following order: city, province or state, and country. Follow the country's practice for entering the postal code, if any. Do not abbreviate the country name. However, if you are filing Form 8858 electronically, enter a valid country code posted on the IRS website www.irs.gov/countrycodes instead of the country name.



Identifying Numbers

Use the following instruction to complete lines 1b, 3c, 4c, and the entry space at the top of page 1 of the form for the filer's identifying number. The identifying number of an individual is his or her social security number (SSN). The identifying number of all others is their employer identification number (EIN).

If a U.S. corporation is the U.S. person filing Form 8858 and is a member of a consolidated group, see Person Filing This Return, earlier.

Functional Currency

Use the following instruction to complete lines 1i, 3e, and 4d.

Enter the entity's functional currency.

See sections 985 and 989, and Regulations sections 1.985-1(a) through (c) and 1.989(a)-1(b) for rules for determining the functional currency of a QBU and the definition of a QBU.

Hyperinflationary exception.

An entity that otherwise would be required to use a hyperinflationary currency as its functional currency must use the U.S. dollar as its functional currency and compute income or loss or earnings and profits using the U.S. dollar approximate separate transactions method of accounting (DASTM) under the special rules of Regulations section 1.985-3. See Regulations section 1.985-1(b)(2).



Line 1b(2)—Reference ID Number

A reference ID number (defined below) is required on line 1b(2) only in cases where no EIN was entered on line 1b(1) for the FDE. However, filers are permitted to enter both an EIN on line 1b(1) and a reference ID number on line 1b(2). If applicable, enter the reference ID number you have assigned to the FDE identified on line 1a.

A "reference ID number" is a number established by or on behalf of the U.S. person identified at the top of page 1 of the form that is assigned to an FDE with respect to which Form 8858 reporting is required. These numbers are used to uniquely identify the FDE in order to keep track of the FDE from tax year to tax year.

The reference ID number must meet the requirements set forth below.

Note.

Because reference ID numbers are established by or on behalf of the U.S. person filing Form 8858, there is no need to apply to the IRS to request a reference ID number or for permission to use these numbers.

Requirements

The reference ID number that is entered in item 1b(2) must be alphanumeric (defined below) and no special characters or spaces are permitted. The length of a given reference ID number is limited to 50 characters.

For these purposes, the term "alphanumeric" means the entry can be alphabetical, numeric, or any combination of the two.

The same reference ID number must be used consistently from tax year to tax year with respect to a given FDE or tax owner. If for any reason a reference ID number falls out of use (for example, the FDE or tax owner no longer exists due to disposition or liquidation), the reference ID number used for that FDE or tax owner cannot be used again for another FDE or tax owner for purposes of Form 8858 reporting.

There are some situations that warrant correlation of a new reference ID number with a previous reference ID number when assigning a new reference ID number to an FDE or tax owner partnership. For example:

  • In the case of a merger or acquisition, a Form 8858 filer must use a reference ID number which correlates the previous reference ID number with the new reference ID number assigned to the FDE or tax owner.

  • Under Regulations section 301.6109-1(b)(2)(v), a foreign entity that makes an entity classification election on Form 8832 to become an FDE must have an EIN. For the first year that Form 8858 is required to be filed after an entity classification election is made on behalf of the foreign entity on Form 8832, the new EIN must be entered on line 1b(1) of Form 8858 and the old reference ID number must be entered on line 1b(2) of Form 8858. In subsequent years, a filer may continue to enter both the EIN on line 1b(1) and the reference ID number on line 1b(2), but must enter at least the EIN on line 1b(1).

You must correlate the reference ID numbers as follows: New reference ID number (space) Old reference ID number. If there is more than one old reference ID number, you must enter a space between each such number. As indicated above, the length of a given reference ID number is limited to 50 characters and each number must be alphanumeric and no special characters are permitted.

Note.

This correlation requirement applies only to the first year the new reference ID number is used.

Line 1h—Principal Business Activity

Enter a brief description of the FDE's principal business activity.

Line 3b

If the tax owner is a CFC, enter the annual accounting period covered by Form 5471 (as described in Regulations section 1.6038-2(e)). If the tax owner is a CFP, enter the annual accounting period covered by Form 8865 (as described in Regulations section 1.6038-3(f)).

Line 3c(2)—Reference ID Number

A reference ID number (defined earlier) is required on line 3c(2) only in cases where no EIN was entered on line 3c(1). However, filers are permitted to enter both an EIN on line 3c(1) and a reference ID number on line 3c(2). If this tax owner is a CFC, enter the reference ID number for the CFC from Form 5471 Item 1b(2). If this tax owner is a CFP, enter the reference ID number for the CFP from Form 8865 Item F2(b). See the instructions for line 1b(2) for more information about the requirements for the reference ID number.

Line 4

If the FDE has more than one direct owner, attach a statement to Form 8858 that includes the information requested on line 4 for each additional direct owner.

Line 5

You must attach an organizational chart that includes the following information with respect to the chain of ownership between the tax owner and the FDE and the chain of ownership between the FDE and all entities in which the FDE has a 10% or more direct or indirect interest:

  • The name and percentage of ownership of all entities in the chain of ownership, including partnerships and entities disregarded as separate from their owners.

  • The FDE's position in the chain of ownership.

  • The tax classification of all entities in the chain of ownership (see Form 8832 instructions for tax classification rules and related definitions).

  • The country under whose law each entity is organized.

For these purposes, the rules of section 958(a) (relating to "direct and indirect ownership") apply.

Each filer of Form 8858 that is required to file an organizational chart with respect to more than one FDE may satisfy this requirement by filing a single organizational chart that includes the required information with respect to all FDEs.

Schedule C

Use Schedule C to report a summary income statement for the FDE computed in the FDE's functional currency in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Enter in the U.S. dollar column each line item functional currency amount translated into dollars using U.S. GAAP translation rules. If the FDE does not maintain U.S. GAAP income statements in U.S. dollars, you can use the average exchange rate as determined under section 989(b). The rate used should be the rate stated on line 7, Schedule H. If you choose to use the average exchange rate rather than the U.S. GAAP translation rules, check the box above line 1 on Schedule C.

Special rules for DASTM.

If the FDE uses DASTM, the functional currency column should reflect local hyperinflationary currency amounts computed in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The U.S. dollar column should reflect such amounts translated into dollars under U.S. GAAP translation rules. Differences between this U.S. dollar GAAP column and the U.S. dollar income or loss figured for tax purposes under Regulations section 1.985-3(c) should be accounted for on Schedule H. See Special rules for DASTM, under Schedule H, later.



Line 7.

Include on line 7 adjustments for extraordinary items, prior period adjustments, and the provision for income, war profits, and excess profits taxes deducted in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The terms "extraordinary items" and "prior period adjustments" have the same meaning given to them by U.S. GAAP (see Opinion No. 30 of the Accounting Principles Board and Statement No. 16 of the Financial Accounting Standards Board).

Important:

Differences between this functional currency amount and the amount of taxes that reduce E&P (in the case of an FDE of a CFC) or are deductible in computing U.S. taxable income (in the case of an FDE of a U.S. person or a CFP) should be accounted for on line 2 or 3 of Schedule H.



Schedule C-1

The activities of an FDE may give rise to one or more QBUs. Under section 987, the person treated as the owner of a QBU arising from the FDE’s activities may not be the tax owner of the FDE. In addition, a QBU arising from the activities of an FDE may be treated as having multiple owners. For example, the partners of a partnership may, in certain cases, be treated as owning the QBU arising from the activities of the partnership. For further discussion, see Proposed Regulations section 1.987-1(b).

Complete a separate Schedule C-1 for each owner of each QBU arising from the activities of the FDE and attach it to Form 8858. Provide the name and identifying number of the owner of each QBU. If an owner would be treated as owning multiple QBUs, complete a separate Schedule C-1 with respect to each QBU of the owner.

However, if the U.S. person filing Form 8858 knows that the owner of a QBU has the same functional currency as a QBU owned by that person, the U.S. person filing Form 8858 is not required to complete Schedule C-1 with respect to that owner’s interest in the QBU.

If the U.S. person filing Form 8858 does not know and does not have reason to know the functional currency of the owner of a QBU, leave column (b) of lines 1 and 2 blank.

Schedule F

Use Schedule F to report a summary balance sheet for the FDE computed and translated into U.S. dollars in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Special rule for DASTM.

If the FDE uses DASTM, Schedule F should be prepared and translated into U.S. dollars according to Regulations section 1.985-3(d), rather than U.S. GAAP.



Schedule G

Question 3

If the tax owner of the FDE is claiming a section 165 loss with respect to worthless stock or with respect to certain obligations, see Regulations section 1.6011-4 for information relating to a disclosure statement that must be attached to Form 8858 if certain requirements are met.

Question 4

If the interest in the FDE is not treated as a separate unit or as part of a combined separate unit or the interest in the FDE is treated as a separate unit or as part of a combined separate unit but the separate unit or combined separate unit does not have a dual consolidated loss, check "No" to indicate that the question is not applicable. Otherwise, if you check "Yes," enter the amount of the dual consolidated loss and answer question 5a.

Question 5a

Subject to certain exceptions, a domestic use of a dual consolidated loss is not permitted ("domestic use limitation rule"). A domestic use is deemed to occur in the year the dual consolidated loss is included in the computation of the taxable income of a consolidated group, unaffiliated dual resident corporation, or unaffiliated domestic owner, as applicable. See Regulations section 1.1503(d)-2.

Question 5b

A domestic use of a dual consolidated loss is permitted if an exception to the domestic use limitation rule applies. See Regulations section 1.1503(d)-6 for exceptions. For example, a domestic use election made pursuant to Regulations section 1.1503(d)-6(d) is such an exception. If you check "Yes," you may need to include a domestic use election with your U.S. income tax return.

Question 5c

If a separate unit, as defined under Regulations section 1.1503(d)-1(b)(4), incurs a dual consolidated loss after having contributed to consolidated taxable income of a group in prior years, the dual consolidated loss may be used to offset income of domestic affiliates in the year of the dual consolidated loss (limited by the amount of the separate unit’s prior contribution to the cumulative consolidated taxable income of the group ("cumulative register")). See Regulations sections 1.1503(d)-4(c) and 1.1502-21(c).

Schedule H

Use Schedule H to report the FDE's current earnings and profits (E&P) (if the tax owner is a CFC) or taxable income (if the tax owner is a U.S. person or a CFP). Generally, enter the amounts on lines 1 through 6 in functional currency.

Special rules for DASTM.

If the FDE uses DASTM, enter on line 1 the dollar GAAP income or (loss) from line 8 of Schedule C. Enter on lines 2 and 3 the adjustments made in figuring current E&P or taxable income for U.S. tax purposes. Report these amounts in U.S. dollars. Enter on line 5 the DASTM gain or loss figured under Regulations section 1.985-3(d).



Lines 2 and 3.

Certain adjustments must be made to the FDE's line 1 net book income or (loss) to determine its current E&P or taxable income. The adjustments may include those needed to conform the foreign book income to U.S. GAAP and to U.S. tax accounting principles. If the FDE's books are maintained in functional currency in accordance with U.S. GAAP, enter on line 1 the functional currency GAAP income or (loss) from line 8 of Schedule C, rather than starting with foreign book income, and show GAAP-to-tax adjustments on lines 2 and 3.

The adjustments may include the following:

  • Capital gains and losses.

  • Depreciation, amortization, and depletion.

  • Investment or incentive allowance.

  • Charges to statutory reserves.

  • Inventory adjustments. Inventories must be taken into account according to the rules of sections 471 (incorporating the provisions of section 263A) and 472 and the related regulations.

  • Taxes. See the instructions for Schedule C, line 7.

Attach a separate schedule that lists each applicable adjustment item. For each adjustment item, indicate the adjustment amount and whether the amount is a net addition or net subtraction. The separate schedule should also show two totals, the total net additions amount to be entered on line 2, and the total net subtractions amount to be entered on line 3.



Line 5.

DASTM gain or (loss), reflecting unrealized exchange gain or loss, should be entered on line 5 only for FDEs that use DASTM.



Line 7.

Enter the line 6 functional currency amount translated into U.S. dollars at the average exchange rate for the FDE's tax year. See section 989(b). Report the exchange rate using the "divide-by convention" specified under Reporting Exchange Rates on Form 8858, earlier. If the FDE uses DASTM, enter on line 7 the same amount entered on line 6.



Blocked income.

The E&P or taxable income of the FDE, as reflected on Schedule H, must not be reduced by all or any part of such E&P or taxable income that could not have been distributed by the FDE due to currency or other restrictions or limitations imposed under the laws of any foreign country.



Schedule M

Important:

In translating the amounts from functional currency to U.S. dollars, use the average exchange rate for the FDE's tax year. See section 989(b). Report the exchange rate in the entry space provided at the top of Schedule M (Form 8858) using the "divide-by convention" specified under Reporting Exchange Rates on Form 8858, earlier.

Every U.S. person that is required to file Schedule M (Form 8858) (see Who Must File, earlier) must file the schedule to report the transactions that occurred during the FDE's annual accounting period ending with or within the U.S. person's tax year.

If a U.S. corporation is the U.S. person filing Schedule M (Form 8858) and is a member of a consolidated group, list the common parent as the U.S. person filing Schedule M (Form 8858).

Reference ID number.

A reference ID number for the FDE identified on Schedule M (Form 8858), is required if no EIN is provided. However, filers are permitted to provide both an EIN and reference ID number. For more information on the reference ID number, see the instructions for line 1b(2) of Form 8858, earlier.



Column headings.

There are 2 sets of column headings above lines 1 through 19. The first set of column headings is to be used in cases where the tax owner is a CFP. The second set of column headings is to be used in cases where the tax owner is a CFC. If you are completing Schedule M (Form 8858) for an FDE for which the tax owner is a CFP, check the box for CFPs and complete lines 1 through 19 using the headings in columns (a) through (e) of the CFP set of columns. If you are completing Schedule M (Form 8858) for an FDE for which the tax owner is a CFC, check the box for CFCs and complete lines 1 through 19 using the headings in columns (a) through (f) of the CFC set of columns.



Column (e).

Use column (e) to report transactions between the FDE and any U.S. person with a 10% or more direct interest in the CFP or any 10% or more U.S. shareholder of any corporation controlling the CFC. If you are a Category 1 filer of Form 8865, or a Category 4 filer of Form 5471, do not report transactions between yourself and the FDE under column (e). Report the transactions only under column (b).



Line 6.

Report on line 6 dividends received by the FDE that were not previously taxed under subpart F in the current year or in any prior year.



Lines 18 and 19.

Report on lines 18 and 19 the largest outstanding balances during the year of gross amounts borrowed from, and gross amounts loaned to, the related parties described in columns (b) through (f). Do not enter aggregate cash flows, year-end loan balances, average balances, or net balances. Do not include open account balances resulting from sales and purchases reported under other items listed on Schedule M (Form 8858) that arise and are collected in full in the ordinary course of business.



Instructions for Form 8858 - Notices

Paperwork Reduction Act Notice.

We ask for the information on this form to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are required to give us the information. We need it to ensure that you are complying with these laws and to allow us to figure and collect the right amount of tax.

You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as required by section 6103.

The time needed to complete and file this form and related schedules will vary depending on individual circumstances. The estimated burden for individual taxpayers filing this form is approved under OMB control number 1545-0074 and is included in the estimates shown in the instructions for their individual income tax return. The estimated burden for all other taxpayers who file this form is shown below.

Form Recordkeeping Learning about the
law or the form
Preparing and sending
the form to the IRS
8858 17 hr., 56 min. 4 hr., 10 min. 4 hr., 38 min.
Sch. M (Form 8858) 24 hr., 9 min. 6 min. 30 min.

If you have comments concerning the accuracy of these time estimates or suggestions for making this form and related schedules simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. See the instructions for the tax return with which this form is filed.