Superfund Chemical Excise Taxes


Effective July 1, 2022, excise taxes are reinstated on certain chemicals and imported chemical substances. The applicable rates of tax and related provisions are also modified since the expiration of these taxes in 1995 (Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, November 15, 2021).

Frequently Asked Questions: Superfund Chemical Excise Taxes

How to Report

Report and deposit these taxes quarterly with both:

When to Pay

You must deposit the Superfund chemical excise tax twice a month.  A semimonthly period is the first fifteen (15) days of a calendar month or the portion of a calendar month following the 15th day of the month.

Semimonthly deposit FAQ

How to Pay

Make deposits payments with the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS).

Penalty Relief for Failure to Deposit

Temporary relief from the penalty for failure to deposit Superfund chemical taxes for 2022 (third and fourth calendar quarters) and the first calendar quarter of 2023 is in Notice 2022-15 PDF.

Notice 2023-28 PDF extends the relief provided by section 3(a) of Notice 2022-15 through the end of 2023, and the relief provided by section 3(b) of Notice 2022-15 through June 30, 2024. 

Tax Rates for Taxable Substances

Find the tax rates for 121 taxable substances.

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

The proposed regulations provide definitions and special rules relating to Superfund chemical excise taxes imposed on taxable chemicals and imported substances. The proposed regulations affect manufacturers, producers and importers that sell or use taxable chemicals and importers that sell or use taxable substances. Written or electronic comments and requests for a public hearing must be received by May 30, 2023.

Taxable Chemical Substances and Procedures

A list of taxable chemical substances and procedures for the reinstated Superfund chemical taxes are in Notice 2021-66 PDF. The notice also addresses registration requirements to exempt certain sales and uses of taxable chemicals from tax.

Requesting Changes to Listed Taxable Substances

Procedures to request an IRS determination to add or remove a substance from the list of taxable substances under Internal Revenue Code Section 4672(a) are in Revenue Procedure 2022-26 PDF.

Revenue Procedure 2023-20 PDF modifies Revenue Procedure 2022-26 for the date on which a taxable substance is added to the list of taxable substances for purposes of refund claims under Internal Revenue Code Section 4662(e).

Form 637 Registration for Superfund Chemical Taxes

To apply to participate in tax-free sales of intermediate hydrocarbon streams containing organic taxable chemicals or tax-free inventory exchanges of taxable chemicals, file Form 637, Application for Registration (For Certain Excise Tax Activities) with activity letter G.