Excise taxes are imposed on various goods, services and activities. Depending on the excise tax, the manufacturer, retailer or consumer may be liable. 

To pay an excise tax, use Form 720, Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return. For the fastest service, you can electronically file Form 720 with IRS-approved software providers.

Excise Tax on Repurchase of Corporate StockPDF

Public Law 117-169, 136 Stat. 1818 (Aug. 16, 2022), commonly known as the Inflation Reduction Act, created a new 1% excise tax on the repurchase of corporate stock by certain publicly traded corporations or their specified affiliates. Find details, including when stock repurchases may prompt the excise tax, in Notice 2023-02.

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Credit

The sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) credit applies to certain fuel mixtures that contain sustainable aviation fuel sold or used after December 31, 2022, and before January 1, 2025. This new credit was created by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (Public Law 117-169, 136 Stat. 1818).

Petroleum Tax — Hazardous Substance Superfund Financing Rate Reinstated

Public Law 117-169, 136 Stat. 1818 (Aug. 16, 2022), commonly known as the Inflation Reduction Act, reinstates the Hazardous Substance Superfund financing rate on domestic crude oil and imported petroleum products, effective Jan. 1, 2023.

Superfund Chemical Excise Taxes Reinstated

Effective July 1, 2022, excise taxes are reinstated on certain chemicals and imported chemical substances. The applicable tax rates and related provisions are also changed since the expiration of these taxes in 1995. (The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA)).

Excise Tax on Coal

Internal Revenue Code 4121 imposes an excise tax on coal from mines located in the United States sold by the producer. The excise tax is deposited in the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund.

Kerosene Used in Aviation - Form 720 Tax Liability Reporting

Kerosene is generally taxed at $0.244 per gallon unless a reduced rate applies. The $0.244 per gallon rate applies to kerosene removals unless it is removed from a terminal or refinery (or a qualified refueler truck, tanker or tank wagon that is treated as a terminal) directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft.

Extended Fuel Tax Credits

Public Law 117-169, 136 Stat. 1818 (Aug. 16, 2022), commonly known as the Inflation Reduction Act, extended several fuel tax credits through Dec. 31, 2024.

Sports Wagering

The Supreme Court ruled in 2018 that the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act was unconstitutional. As a result, each state may decide whether to allow sports wagering. Sports wagering, like wagering in general, is subject to federal excise taxes, regardless of whether the activity is allowed by the state.

Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax

Anyone who has registered, or is required to register in their name, a heavy highway motor vehicle with a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more must file Form 2290 and pay the Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax. The filing season for Form 2290 filers is July 1 through June 30. The filing deadline is based on the month the taxable vehicle was first used on public highways during the reporting period. For vehicles first used on a public highway in July, file Form 2290 between July 1 and Aug. 31. The tax for the current filing season is prorated for vehicles first used on a public highway after July. File Form 2290 by the last day of the month following the month in which the vehicle is first used on a public highway.

Excise Tax on Indoor Tanning Services

Amounts paid for tanning services are subject to a 10% excise tax under the Affordable Care Act.

Excise Summary Terminal Activity Reporting System (ExSTARS)

ExSTARS is a fuel reporting system developed with the cooperation of the IRS, Department of Transportation, states, and motor fuel industry, which details the movement of any product into or out of an IRS approved terminal. A facility control number (FCN) designates a storage location within the motor fuel or renewable fuel production or the bulk transfer / terminal system. Information regarding the use of FCNs was made public by an announcement in the Federal Register on April 12, 2010.

Publication 3536 - Motor Fuel Excise Tax EDI Guide 

This publication is designed to provide the general requirements, specifications and procedures for the electronic filing of IRS Form 720-TO, Terminal Operator Report and Form 720-CS, Carrier Summary Report. Excise Tax Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Guides (Publication 3536)PDF.

637 Registration Program

Under the Code and regulations, each person that engages in certain specified activities relating to excise tax must be registered by the IRS before engaging in that activity.

Online Form 637 Registration Status Check

This web application provides the ability for businesses to confirm whether individuals or companies have a valid IRS registration.

Idling Reduction Devices Exempt from 12% Retail Excise Tax

The Environmental Protection Agency's list of devices that reduce highway tractor idling is now available. These devices may be exempt from the 12% retail excise tax provided they meet the criteria set forth in section 4053(9) of the Internal Revenue Code.