Answer:

If payment for services you provided is listed on Form 1099-NEC, Nonemployee Compensation, the payer is treating you as a self-employed worker, also referred to as an independent contractor.

  • You don't necessarily have to have a business for payments for your services to be reported on Form 1099-NEC. You may simply perform services as a nonemployee.
  • The payer has determined that an employer-employee relationship doesn't exist in your case.

If you weren't an employee of the payer, where you report the income depends on whether your activity is a trade or business. You're in a self-employed trade or business if your primary purpose is to make a profit and your activity is regular and continuous.

If you believe you may be an employee of the payer, see Publication 1779, Independent Contractor or EmployeePDF for an explanation of the difference between an independent contractor and an employee. For more information on employer-employee relationships, refer to Chapter 2 of Publication 15 (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide, Chapter 2 of Publication 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide, Independent Contractor (Self-Employed) or Employee? and Tax Topic 762, Independent Contractor vs. Employee.

Answer:

As a newspaper carrier, your son may be a direct seller liable to pay self-employment tax. A direct seller is someone who satisfies the following conditions:

  • The person is engaged in the trade or business of delivering or distributing newspapers or shopping news, including directly-related services such as soliciting customers and collecting receipts;
  • Substantially all of the pay for these services (whether or not paid in cash) directly relates to sales or other output rather than to the number of hours worked; and
  • The person performs these services under a written contract that states that the person won't be treated as an employee for federal tax purposes.

Self-employed persons, including direct sellers, report their income on Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss from Business (Sole Proprietorship). Use Schedule SE (Form 1040), Self-Employment Tax if the net earnings from self-employment are $400 or more.

If your son isn't a direct seller (i.e., he doesn't satisfy the conditions above), he may still be liable to pay self-employment tax if he's engaged in a trade or business.

If your son isn't a direct seller and isn't engaged in a trade or business, he may be an employee whose wages are subject to income tax withholding, and Social Security and Medicare taxes.

If your son is your employee and is under 18 years of age, his income generally isn't subject to Social Security and Medicare taxes. If his income exceeds a threshold amount, he must report it as wages on Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.

For more information on the rules that apply to direct sellers and newspaper carriers and distributors, see Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business. For an explanation of the difference between an independent contractor and an employee, see Publication 1779, Independent Contractor or EmployeePDF and Tax Topic 762, Independent Contractor vs. Employee.

Answer:

You may need to make quarterly estimated tax payments. For information on estimated tax payments, refer to Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals.

Note: You may also have state and local requirements for estimated tax payments. See your state's individual website for additional information. To access information for your state, refer to our State Government Websites page.

Answer:

Yes, Segal AmeriCorps Education Awards are taxable in the year they're paid. If you receive an award and the payment was $600 or more during the year, you should receive a Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Information. The Form 1099-MISC will show the amount of the award in box 3, Other Income. There is no withholding on this payment unless you failed to provide your taxpayer identification number. Report the payment amount on line 8i of Schedule 1 (Form 1040)PDF and attach to Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return or Form 1040-SR, U.S. Tax Return for Seniors, even if you don't receive Form 1099-MISC.