Truckers must pay heavy highway vehicle use tax by August 31

IRS Tax Tip 2021-122, August 19, 2021

The heavy vehicle use tax is assessed annually on heavy highway motor vehicles operating on public highways with a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or greater. The deadline to file and pay heavy highway vehicle use tax is Tuesday, August 31.

All taxpayers who file Form 2290 are encouraged to do so electronically. Those with 25 or more taxed vehicles must e-file. All the information needed to file is on the Trucking Tax Center.

Here are the steps taxpayers should follow:

Gather information. Filers will need these things to complete and file their 2290:

  • An employer identification number is required. Taxpayers cannot use their Social Security number. Anyone who doesn't have an EIN can apply online. Taxpayers should use the same name on their Form 2290 as was assigned to them with their EIN. The name control on Form 2290 must match their EIN.
  • Vehicle identification number of each vehicle.
  • Taxable gross weight of each vehicle. Filers can use the table on page 2 of the Form 2290 to calculate their tax for vehicles based on each vehicle's weight.

File. There are two ways taxpayers can file Form 2290:

  • E-file. All taxpayers can file electronically for faster processing. The advantage of e-filing Form 2290 is the IRS provides a watermarked Form 2290 Schedule 1 to the taxpayer within minutes of receiving the e-filed return. Paper filers receive their Schedule 1 within 6 weeks after the IRS receives the return. Taxpayers who are reporting 25 or more vehicles are required to file electronically.
  • By paper. Taxpayers can complete Form 2290 and then mail it to the IRS. Filers can go to the Form 2290 Instructions PDF for the correct mailing address.

Pay. There are several ways for taxpayers to pay this tax:

Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 932500
Louisville, KY 40293-2500

Those who are unsure if they are required to file this form can use the Do I Need to Pay the Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax? tool. Using this tool, owners answer a series of question to help determine if they are required to pay highway use tax.

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