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Publication 590-A - Additional Material


Table of Contents

Appendices

To help you complete your tax return, use the following appendices that include worksheets and tables.

  1. Appendix A — Summary Record of Traditional IRA(s) for 2015.

  2. Appendix B — Worksheets you use if you receive social security benefits and are subject to the IRA deduction phaseout rules. A filled-in example is included.

    1. Worksheet 1, Computation of Modified AGI.

    2. Worksheet 2, Computation of Traditional IRA Deduction for 2015.

    3. Worksheet 3, Computation of Taxable Social Security Benefits.

    4. Comprehensive Example and completed worksheets.

Appendix A. Summary Record of Traditional IRA(s) for 2015

 
Name ______________________________________
I was □ covered □ not covered by my employer's retirement plan during the year.
I became 59½ on ______________________________________(month) (day) (year)
I became 70½ on ______________________________________(month) (day) (year)
 
Contributions
Name of traditional IRA Date Amount contributed for 2015 Check if rollover contribution Fair Market Value of IRA as of December 31, 2015, from Form 5498
1.        
2.        
3.        
4.        
5.        
6.        
7.        
8.        
Total        
 
Total contributions deducted on tax return $
Total contributions treated as nondeductible on Form 8606 $
 
Distributions
Name of traditional IRA Date Amount of Distribution Reason (for example, retirement, rollover, conversion, withdrawal of excess contributions) Income earned on IRA Taxable amount reported on income tax return Nontaxable amount from Form 8606, line 13
1.            
2.            
3.            
4.            
5.            
6.            
7.            
8.            
Total            
 
Basis of all traditional IRAs for 2015 and earlier years (from Form 8606, line 14) $
Note.You should keep copies of your income tax return, and Forms W-2, 8606, and 5498.

Appendix B. Worksheets for Social Security Recipients Who Contribute to a Traditional IRA

If you receive social security benefits, have taxable compensation, contribute to your traditional IRA, and you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan, complete the following worksheets. (See Are You Covered by an Employer Plan? in chapter 1.) 
 
Use Worksheet 1 to figure your modified adjusted gross income. This amount is needed in the computation of your IRA deduction, if any, which is figured using Worksheet 2. 
 
The IRA deduction figured using Worksheet 2 is entered on your tax return.
Worksheet 1
Computation of Modified AGI
(For use only by taxpayers who receive social security benefits)
  Filing Status — Check only one box: 
A. Married filing jointly 
B. Single, Head of Household, Qualifying Widow(er), or Married filing separately and  
lived apart from your spouse during the entire year 
C. Married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the year
   
1. Adjusted gross income (AGI) from Form 1040 or Form 1040A 
(For purposes of this worksheet, figure your AGI without taking into account any social security benefits from Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099, any deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA, any student loan interest deduction, any tuition and fees deduction, any domestic production activities deduction, or any exclusion of interest from savings bonds to be reported on Form 8815.)
 1.  
2. Enter the amount in box 5 of all Forms SSA-1099 and Forms RRB-1099  2.  
3. Enter one-half of line 2  3.  
4. Enter the amount of any foreign earned income exclusion, foreign housing exclusion, U.S. possessions income exclusion, exclusion of income from Puerto Rico you claimed as a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, or exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits  4.  
5. Enter the amount of any tax-exempt interest reported on line 8b of Form 1040 or 1040A  5.  
6. Add lines 1, 3, 4, and 5  6.  
7. Enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $32,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $25,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above.

 7.  
8. Subtract line 7 from line 6. If zero or less, enter -0- on this line  8.  
9. If line 8 is zero, skip to line 17, enter -0-, and continue with line 18. 
If line 8 is more than zero, enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $12,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $9,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above

 9.  
10. Subtract line 9 from line 8. If zero or less, enter -0-  10.  
11. Enter the smaller of line 8 or line 9  11.  
12. Enter one-half of line 11  12.  
13. Enter the smaller of line 3 or line 12  13.  
14. Multiply line 10 by 0.85. If line 10 is zero, enter -0-  14.  
15. Add lines 13 and 14  15.  
16. Multiply line 2 by 0.85  16.  
17. Taxable benefits to be included in modified AGI for traditional IRA deduction purposes. 
Enter the smaller of line 15 or line 16
 17.  
18. Enter the amount of any employer-provided adoption benefits exclusion and any foreign 
earned income exclusion and foreign housing exclusion or deduction that you claimed
 18.  
19. Modified AGI for determining your reduced traditional IRA deduction — add lines 1, 17, and 18. Enter here and on line 2 of Worksheet 2, next  19.  

Appendix B. (Continued)

Worksheet 2
Computation of Traditional IRA Deduction For 2015
(For use only by taxpayers who receive social security benefits)
  IF your filing status is ... AND your modified AGI is over ... THEN enter on line 1 below ...
             
  married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er)   $98,000*     $118,000
             
  married filing jointly (you are not covered by an employer plan but your spouse is)   $183,000*     $193,000
             
  single, or head of household   $61,000*     $71,000
             
  married filing separately**   $0*     $10,000
             
  *If your modified AGI is not over this amount, you can take an IRA deduction for your contributions of up to the lesser of $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or your taxable compensation. Skip this worksheet, proceed to Worksheet 3, and enter your IRA deduction on line 2 of Worksheet 3. 
**If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year, consider your filing status as single. 
Note. If you were married and you or your spouse worked and you both contributed to IRAs, figure the deduction for each of you separately.
             
1. Enter the applicable amount from above 1.  
2. Enter your modified AGI from Worksheet 1, line 19 2.  
  Note. If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here; your traditional IRA contributions are not deductible. Proceed to Worksheet 3.    
3. Subtract line 2 from line 1 3.  
4. Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. (For example, $611.40 is rounded to $620.) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200.    
 
  • Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27.5%  (0.275) (by 32.5% (0.325) if you are age 50 or older).

  • All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (0.55) (by 65% (0.65) if you are age 50 or older).

Right brace
4.  
5. Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). If you are the lower-income spouse, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year 5.  
6. Enter contributions you made, or plan to make, to your traditional IRA for 2015, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) 6.  
7. Deduction. Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. Enter the smallest amount here (or a smaller amount if you choose). Enter this amount on the Form 1040 or 1040A line for your IRA. (If the amount on line 6 is more than the amount on line 7, complete line 8.) 7.  
8. Nondeductible contributions. Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs 8.  

Appendix B. (Continued)

Worksheet 3  
Computation of Taxable Social Security Benefits  
(For use by taxpayers who receive social security benefits and take a traditional IRA deduction)  
  Filing Status — Check only one box:    
           
  A. Married filing jointly    
           
  B. Single, Head of Household, Qualifying Widow(er), or Married filing separately 
and lived apart from your spouse during the entire year
   
           
  C. Married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the 
year
   
       
1. Adjusted gross income (AGI) from Form 1040 or Form 1040A 
(For purposes of this worksheet, figure your AGI without taking into account any IRA deduction, any student loan interest deduction, any tuition and fees deduction, any domestic production activities deduction, any social security benefits from Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099, or any exclusion of interest from savings bonds to be reported on Form 8815.)
1.  
2. Deduction(s) from line 7 of Worksheet(s) 2 2.  
3. Subtract line 2 from line 1 3.  
4. Enter amount in box 5 of all Forms SSA-1099 and Forms RRB-1099 4.  
5. Enter one-half of line 4 5.  
6. Enter the amount of any foreign earned income exclusion, foreign housing exclusion, exclusion of income from U.S. possessions, exclusion of income from Puerto Rico you claimed as a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, or exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits 6.  
7. Enter the amount of any tax-exempt interest reported on line 8b of Form 1040 or 1040A 7.  
8. Add lines 3, 5, 6, and 7 8.  
9. Enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $32,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $25,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above.

9.  
10. Subtract line 9 from line 8. If zero or less, enter -0- on this line 10.  
11. If line 10 is zero, stop here. None of your social security benefits are taxable. 
If line 10 is more than zero, enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $12,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $9,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above.

11.  
12. Subtract line 11 from line 10. If zero or less, enter -0- 12.  
13. Enter the smaller of line 10 or line 11 13.  
14. Enter one-half of line 13 . 14.  
15. Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 14 15.  
16. Multiply line 12 by 0.85. If line 12 is zero, enter -0- 16.  
17. Add lines 15 and 16 17.  
18. Multiply line 4 by 0.85 18.  
19. Taxable social security benefits. Enter the smaller of line 17 or line 18 19.  

Appendix B. (Continued)

Comprehensive Example
Determining Your Traditional IRA Deduction and
the Taxable Portion of Your Social Security Benefits
John Black is married and files a joint return. He is 65 years old and had 2015 wages of $89,500. His wife did not work in 2015. He also received social security benefits of $12,000 and made a $6,000 contribution to his traditional IRA for the year. He had no foreign income, no tax-exempt interest, and no adjustments to income on lines 23 through 36 on his Form 1040. He participated in a section 401(k) retirement plan at work. 
John completes worksheets 1 and 2. Worksheet 2 shows that his 2015 IRA deduction is $5,950. He must either withdraw the contributions that are more than the deduction (the $50 shown on line 8 of Worksheet 2), or treat the excess amounts as nondeductible contributions (in which case he must complete Form 8606 and attach it to his Form 1040). 
The completed worksheets that follow show how John figured his modified AGI to determine the IRA deduction and the taxable social security benefits to report on his Form 1040.
Worksheet 1
Computation of Modified AGI
(For use only by taxpayers who receive social security benefits)
  Filing Status — Check only one box: 
A. Married filing jointly 
B. Single, Head of Household, Qualifying Widow(er), or Married filing separately and lived apart from your spouse during the entire year 
C. Married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the year
   
1. Adjusted gross income (AGI) from Form 1040 or Form 1040A 
(For purposes of this worksheet, figure your AGI without taking into account any social security benefits from Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099, any deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA, any student loan interest deduction, any tuition and fees deduction, any domestic production activities deduction, or any exclusion of interest from savings bonds to be reported on Form 8815.)
1. 89,500
2. Enter the amount in box 5 of all Forms SSA-1099 and Forms RRB-1099 2. 12,000
3. Enter one-half of line 2 3. 6,000
4. Enter the amount of any foreign earned income exclusion, foreign housing exclusion, U.S. possessions income exclusion, exclusion of income from Puerto Rico you claimed as a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, or exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits 4. 0
5. Enter the amount of any tax-exempt interest reported on line 8b of Form 1040 or 1040A 5. 0
6. Add lines 1, 3, 4, and 5 6. 95,500
7. Enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $32,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $25,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above.

7. 32,000
8. Subtract line 7 from line 6. If zero or less, enter -0- on this line 8. 63,500
9. If line 8 is zero, skip to line 17, enter -0-, and continue with line 18. 
If line 8 is more than zero, enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $12,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $9,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above

9. 12,000
10. Subtract line 9 from line 8. If zero or less, enter -0- 10. 51,500
11. Enter the smaller of line 8 or line 9 11. 12,000
12. Enter one-half of line 11 12. 6,000
13. Enter the smaller of line 3 or line 12 13. 6,000
14. Multiply line 10 by 0.85. If line 10 is zero, enter -0- 14. 43,775
15. Add lines 13 and 14 15. 49,775
16. Multiply line 2 by 0.85 16. 10,200
17. Taxable benefits to be included in modified AGI for traditional IRA deduction purposes. 
Enter the smaller of line 15 or line 16
17. 10,200
18. Enter the amount of any employer-provided adoption benefits exclusion and any foreign 
earned income exclusion and foreign housing exclusion or deduction that you claimed
18. 0
19. Modified AGI for determining your reduced traditional IRA deduction — add lines 1, 17, and 18. Enter here and on line 2 of Worksheet 2, next 19. 99,700

Appendix B. (Continued)

Worksheet 2
Computation of Traditional IRA Deduction For 2015
(For use only by taxpayers who receive social security benefits)
  IF your filing status is ... AND your modified AGI is over ... THEN enter on line 1 below ...
             
  married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er)   $98,000*     $118,000
             
  married filing jointly (you are not covered by an employer plan but your spouse is)   $183,000*     $193,000
             
  single, or head of household   $61,000*     $71,000
             
  married filing separately**   $0*     $10,000
             
  *If your modified AGI is not over this amount, you can take an IRA deduction for your contributions of up to the lesser of $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or your taxable compensation. Skip this worksheet, proceed to Worksheet 3, and enter your IRA deduction on line 2 of Worksheet 3. 
**If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year, consider your filing status as single. 
Note. If you were married and you or your spouse worked and you both contributed to IRAs, figure the deduction for each of you separately.
             
1. Enter the applicable amount from above 1. 118,000
2. Enter your modified AGI from Worksheet 1, line 19 2. 99,700
  Note. If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here; your traditional IRA contributions are not deductible. Proceed to Worksheet 3.    
3. Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. 18,300
4. Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. (For example, $611.40 is rounded to $620.) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200.    
 
  • Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27.5%  (.275) (by 32.5% (.325) if you are age 50 or older).

  • All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (.55) (by 65% (.65) if you are age 50 or older).

Right brace
4. 5,950
5. Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). If you are the lower-income spouse, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year 5. 89,500
6. Enter contributions you made, or plan to make, to your traditional IRA for 2015, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) 6. 6,000
7. Deduction. Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. Enter the smallest amount here (or a smaller amount if you choose). Enter this amount on the Form 1040 or 1040A line for your IRA. (If the amount on line 6 is more than the amount on line 7, complete line 8.) 7. 5,950
8. Nondeductible contributions. Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs 8. 50

Appendix B. (Continued)

Worksheet 3  
Computation of Taxable Social Security Benefits  
(For use by taxpayers who receive social security benefits and take a traditional IRA deduction)  
  Filing Status — Check only one box:    
           
  A. Married filing jointly    
           
  B. Single, Head of Household, Qualifying Widow(er), or Married filing separately 
and lived apart from your spouse during the entire year
   
           
  C. Married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the 
year
   
       
1. Adjusted gross income (AGI) from Form 1040 or Form 1040A 
(For purposes of this worksheet, figure your AGI without taking into account any IRA deduction, any student loan interest deduction, any tuition and fees deduction, any domestic production activities deduction, any social security benefits from Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099, or any exclusion of interest from savings bonds to be reported on Form 8815.)
1. 89,500
2. Deduction(s) from line 7 of Worksheet(s) 2 2. 5,950
3. Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. 83,550
4. Enter amount in box 5 of all Forms SSA-1099 and Forms RRB-1099 4. 12,000
5. Enter one-half of line 4 5. 6,000
6. Enter the amount of any foreign earned income exclusion, foreign housing exclusion, exclusion of income from U.S. possessions, exclusion of income from Puerto Rico you claimed as a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, or exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits 6. 0
7. Enter the amount of any tax-exempt interest reported on line 8b of Form 1040 or 1040A 7. 0
8. Add lines 3, 5, 6, and 7 8. 89,550
9. Enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $32,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $25,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above.

9. 32,000
10. Subtract line 9 from line 8. If zero or less, enter -0- on this line. 10. 57,550
11. If line 10 is zero, stop here. None of your social security benefits are taxable. 
If line 10 is more than zero, enter the amount listed below for your filing status.
  • $12,000 if you checked box A above.

  • $9,000 if you checked box B above.

  • $0 if you checked box C above

11. 12,000
12. Subtract line 11 from line 10. If zero or less, enter -0- 12. 45,550
13. Enter the smaller of line 10 or line 11 13. 12,000
14. Enter one-half of line 13 . 14. 6,000
15. Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 14 15. 6,000
16. Multiply line 12 by 0.85. If line 12 is zero, enter -0- 16. 38,720
17. Add lines 15 and 16 17. 44,720
18. Multiply line 4 by 0.85 18. 10,200
19. Taxable social security benefits. Enter the smaller of line 17 or line 18 19. 10,200


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