There are three categories of statutory nonemployees: direct sellers, licensed real estate agents and certain companion sitters. Direct sellers and licensed real estate agents are treated as self-employed for all Federal tax purposes, including income and employment taxes, if: Substantially all payments for their services as direct sellers or real estate agents are directly related to sales or other output, rather than to the number of hours worked, and Their services are performed under a written contract providing that they will not be treated as employees for Federal tax purposes. Companion sitters who are not employees of a companion sitting placement service are generally treated as self-employed for all federal tax purposes. Refer to information on Statutory Nonemployees located in Publication 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide for additional information. Related Topics Independent Contractor (Self-Employed) or Employee?