Economic Impact Payment Information Center — Topic H: Social Security, Railroad Retirement and Department of Veteran Affairs benefit recipients

A1.  Recipients of Social Security, SSI, Department of Veterans Affairs and Railroad Retirement benefits who used the Non-Filers tool May 5 through August 15 to provide information on qualifying children do not need to take any action.

The IRS will automatically issue the qualifying child payment in October. If you received your original Economic Impact Payment by direct deposit you will receive this payment as direct deposit to the same account. Otherwise you will receive a check in the mail.

You can use Get My Payment to check the status of your payment. They will also receive another Notice 1444 in the mail stating that the additional $500 EIP per qualifying child was issued. Keep this notice with your tax records.

A2. While most eligible individuals automatically received their Economic Impact Payment, some who have not received their payment may need to provide their information by November 21 to receive a payment this year.

If you don’t usually file a tax return and you have not received your Economic Impact Payment yet, the IRS may not have enough information to determine your eligibility.

You can submit your information online by November 21 using the Non-Filers tool.

The IRS will use your submission to determine your eligibility for an Economic Impact Payment. You can check Get My Payment application for the status of your Payment.

Note: The Get My Payment application will show “Payment Status Not Available” until the payment is being issued. This response does not mean you are not eligible or will not receive a Payment.

A3.  Please review all scenarios below to determine if action is needed.

If you  already filed a 2019 or 2018 tax return:

You do not need to take any action if you already filed a tax return (this includes filing a joint return with your spouse). The IRS will use information on your tax return to determine if you are eligible for the Economic Impact Payment. If you haven’t filed a 2019 return yet but did file a 2018 return or if the IRS has not finished processing your 2019 tax return, we will send the Economic Impact Payment automatically using the information provided on the 2018 tax return. If your return included information on your direct deposit account for any tax refund, the Payment will be sent to the same account. You can check the Get My Payment application for the status of your Payment.

IRS won’t have direct deposit information if you owed tax, applied your refund to the 2020 estimated tax, or received a refund check instead of a direct deposit on the most recently filed tax return.

If you have not filed a 2019 or 2018 tax return and are required to file:

If you are required to file a tax return or plan to file to claim certain credits, you should file your 2019 return to receive your Economic Impact Payment.

If you don’t provide direct deposit refund information or owe tax when you file your 2019 return, the IRS will schedule your Payment to be issued by mail to the address you provide on the return.

Do not use the Non-Filers: Enter Payment Info Here tool if you are required or plan to file a 2019 tax return. Using the Non-Filers: Enter Payment Info Here tool will make it necessary for you to amend your tax return which, in turn, delays the processing of the tax return and any tax refund claimed on it.  Moreover, a delay in processing of your tax return will lead to a delay in your Economic Impact Payment.

Take action if you have not received your Payment if you have not filed a 2019 tax return and are NOT required to file, and you have a spouse or qualifying children to claim:

Most  benefit recipients have already received their automatic $1,200 Payments. If your spouse is also a benefit recipient, your spouse should have received their $1,200 Payment.

If you did not already register using the Non-Filers tool or you did not already receive a payment, use the Non-Filers: Enter Payment Info Here tool before November 21, 2020 to register yourself, your spouse and any qualifying children for your Payment. If you used the Non-Filers tool from May 5 through August 15 or file a 2019 Tax return to provide information on your spouse and any qualifying children, no further action is needed. You can check Get My Payment application for the status of your Payment.

Note: The Get My Payment application will show “Payment Status Not Available” until the payment is being issued. This response does not mean you are not eligible or will not receive a Payment.

To receive an Economic Impact Payment, an eligible non-beneficiary spouse may need to take action to receive their $1,200 Payment.

A non-beneficiary spouse of a benefit recipient can still use the Non-Filer tool to get their $1,200 and add any qualifying children if the spouse is an eligible individual and is not required to file a tax return, even if the benefit recipient missed an earlier deadline to do so. If eligible, your spouse may use the Non-Filers tool only if your spouse is not required to file a return for 2019 or 2018 and has not been issued their own Economic Impact Payment. Your spouse should enter information as a “Single” filer in the tool instead of Married Filing Joint.

Caution: Do not use the Non-Filer tool if you are required to file or plan to file a 2019 tax return. This will delay your Economic Impact Payment and prevent you from filing your tax return electronically.

Note: Direct Express Card Holders: If you use the Non-Filers tool, you cannot receive your payment on your Direct Express card. You may only select a bank account for direct deposit or leave bank information blank and receive the Payment by mail.

If you were claimed as a dependent on someone else’s return:

You do not need to take any action. You do not qualify for the Economic Impact Payment; you can be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s tax return. However, if you are not someone’s dependent in the 2020 tax year, you may be able to claim the credit by filing a 2020 tax return in 2021.

A4. Most Social Security and Railroad Retirement recipients who receive a Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099 have already been issued their Economic Impact Payment. You can check the Get My Payment application for the status of your Payment.

Most Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Veteran benefit recipients were issued their Economic Impact Payments earlier this year. They can check the Get My Payment application for the status of their Payment.

Note: The Get My Payment application will show “Payment Status Not Available” until the payment is being issued. This response does not mean you are not eligible or will not receive a Payment.

If you used the Non-Filers tool, however, your Payment will generally be issued within two weeks from the date when you used the tool.

A5. If you did not file a tax return or use the Non-Filer tool to claim a spouse or any qualifying children, your Economic Impact Payment will be $1,200.

If you filed a tax return or used the Non-Filer tool to claim a spouse or qualifying children, your Economic Impact Payment will be based on the return filed or the information you entered in the Non-Filer tool.

A6. If you filed a 2019 or 2018 tax return: Your Payment was or will be sent to the bank account provided on your tax return for a direct deposit of your tax refund, or mailed to the address we have on file if a tax refund was mailed or there was no refund on your tax return. If you did not file a 2019 or 2018 tax return:

  • An Individual Representative Payee should be receiving EIPs to the same direct deposit account or Direct Express card as the recipient’s monthly benefit payment.
  • For an Organizational Representative Payee, the payee may receive the EIP electronically or by mail.

See Social Security & Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) for more information.