Questions and Answers about the Third Economic Impact Payment — Topic F: Social Security, Railroad Retirement and Department of Veterans Affairs benefit recipients

The IRS will automatically send a third payment to people who didn't file a return but receive Social Security retirement, survivor or disability benefits (SSDI), Railroad Retirement benefits, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or Veterans Affairs benefits. Social Security and other federal beneficiaries will generally receive this third payment the same way as their regular benefits.

The IRS is working directly with the other federal agencies to obtain updated 2021 information for recipients to ensure we are sending automatic payments to as many people as possible. More information about when these payments will be made is provided in the news release issued on March 30, 2021 and the news release issued April 14, 2021.

While payments will be automatic for beneficiaries based on their federal benefits information, some may need to file a 2020 tax return even if they don't usually file to provide information the IRS needs to send a payment for a spouse or any qualified dependent(s). People in this group should file a 2020 tax return to be considered for an additional payment for their spouse and qualifying dependent(s).

When you file your 2020 tax return, you may also be eligible to claim the 2020 Recovery Rebate Credit for your spouse and any qualifying children under age 17 at the end of 2020.See the special section on IRS.gov: Claiming the 2020 Recovery Rebate Credit if you aren't required to file a tax return.

If you don't normally file a tax return but you need to file a federal tax return for 2020 and have no income or income of $72,000 or less, you can file your Federal tax return electronically for free through the IRS Free File Program.

The third round of Economic Impact Payments will be delivered to the account where your federal benefits are issued.

If you filed a 2020 tax return, or used the - no longer available - Non-Filer tool last year, the third payment will be sent to the bank account provided on your tax return for a direct deposit of your tax refund. If you tax refund was mailed or there was no refund on your tax return, then we will mail your payment to the address we have on file for you.

If you filed a 2020 or 2019 tax return: Your Payment was or will be sent to the bank account provided on your tax return for a direct deposit of your tax refund, or mailed to the address we have on file if a tax refund was mailed or there was no refund on your tax return. If you did not file a 2020 or 2019 tax return:

  • An Individual Representative Payee should be receiving EIPs to the same direct deposit account or Direct Express card as the recipient's monthly benefit payment.
  • For an Organizational Representative Payee, the payee may receive the EIP electronically or by mail.

See Social Security & Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) for more information.